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John Soane

Sir John Soane (born John Soan; 10 September 1753 – 20 January 1837) was an English architect who specialised in the Neo-Classical style. [1]

496 relations: A Rake's Progress, Abbeville, Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Act of Parliament, Aeolian Islands, Age of Enlightenment, Agrigento, Alabaster, Alban Hills, Allanbank, Scottish Borders, Alps, Amiens, Amiens Cathedral, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek architecture, Ancona, Andrea Palladio, Angling, Anna, Lady Miller, Antiquities, Antonio Salieri, Apprenticeship, Arc de Triomphe, Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, Arch, Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, Architect, Architectural drawing, Architectural model, Arcueil, Art museum, Astley Cooper, Aynho, Aynhoe Park, Étienne-Louis Boullée, Baldassare Peruzzi, Bank of England, Bank of Ireland, Banknote, Banqueting House, Whitehall, Barbara Hofland, Baronscourt, Basel, Basilica of St Denis, Bassin de la Villette, Bath, Somerset, Batheaston, Beauvais, Bedfordshire, Belfast, ..., Benevento, Benjamin Haydon, Bentley Priory, Bethnal Green, Bishop of Derry, Blenheim Palace, Boethius, Bologna, Book of hours, Brenta (river), Bridge, Bridgnorth, British Museum, Brompton Cemetery, Brussels, Buildwas Abbey, Bullion, Bust (sculpture), Cabinet Office, Canaletto, Canterbury, Canterbury Cathedral, Capitoline Museums, Capua, Carrara marble, Caryatid, Castel Gandolfo, Castle Howard, Catania, Cataract, Certosa di Padula, Chamber of Deputies (France), Charles Barry, Charles Long, 1st Baron Farnborough, Château de Bagatelle, Château de Malmaison, Château de Vincennes, Cheltenham, Chepstow, Chertsey, Chester, Chester Castle, Chillington Hall, Chimney, Chinese ceramics, Christ Church, Southwark, Christopher Wren, Church of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, City of London, Classical architecture, Classical order, Claude Nicolas Ledoux, Clerk of works, Coalbrookdale, Cologne, Colosseum, Commissioners' church, Constantine the Great, Construction, Cotswolds, County Londonderry, County Tyrone, Coventry, Cricket St Thomas, Cristoforo Landino, Cumae, Daniele Barbaro, Dante Alighieri, David Laing (architect), David Mocatta, De architectura, Deism, Domestic violence, Door, Doric order, Downhill House, Dowry, Drama, Dublin, Dulwich Picture Gallery, Dunkirk, Ealing, East Anglia, Eboli, Ellesmere, Shropshire, England, Facade, First Folio, Fishing, Fistula, Flemish, Florence, Fonthill Abbey, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Fountains Abbey, Francesco di Giorgio Martini, Francis Bourgeois, Francis Leggatt Chantrey, Frederick Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol, Freemasonry, Freemasons' Hall, London, Freiburg im Breisgau, Gaeta, Garden buildings, George Allen Underwood, George Basevi, George Dance the Elder, George Dance the Younger, George Frederick Cooke, George Soane, George Wightwick, Giles Gilbert Scott, Giotto's Campanile, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Giulio Clovio, Glasgow, Gloucester, Gloucester Cathedral, Gordon Riots, Goring-on-Thames, Gothic Revival architecture, Grand Tour, Grand Trianon, Greenwich, Guinea (British coin), Hadrian's Villa, Hameau de la Reine, Harewood House, Harrogate, Henry Bankes, Henry Holland (architect), Henry Parke, Henry Tresham, Herbert Baker, Herculaneum, Hereford, Hereford Cathedral, Hertfordshire, High Wycombe, Historiography of the fall of the Western Roman Empire, History, Holwood House, Holy Trinity Church, Marylebone, Holy Week, Homosexuality, Honing Hall, Huaco (pottery), Humours of an Election, I quattro libri dell'architettura, Iago, Ickworth House, Illuminated manuscript, Incunable, Inigo Jones, Italianate architecture, Ivory, J. M. W. Turner, Jacques-François Blondel, James Adam (architect), James Boaden, James Gibbs, James Perry (journalist), James Playfair, James Stevens Curl, James Wyatt, Jardin des Plantes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jean-Rodolphe Perronet, Jeffry Wyatville, Johann Joachim Winckelmann, John Flaxman, John Foster (architect), John Nash (architect), John Patteson (1755–1833), John Sanders (architect), John Summerson, John Tarring, John Thorpe, Joseph Farington, Joseph Gandy, Joseph Hume, Josephus, Joshua Reynolds, Julien-David Le Roy, Justice of the peace, Kenilworth Castle, Kingston Lacy, Knaresborough, Knight, La Scala, Lake Albano, Lake Como, Landed gentry, Landscape architecture, Leominster, Les Invalides, Letton Hall, Leuven, Liège, Licata, Lichfield, Lincoln's Inn Fields, Liverpool, Liverpool Town Hall, Lombardy, Lothbury, Louvre, Ludlow, Ludlow Castle, Luxembourg Palace, Malta, Mantua, Marc-Antoine Laugier, Marden Hill, Mare, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Margate, Maria Cosway, Marino Grimani, Market Drayton, Masham, Matthew Brettingham, Matthew Brettingham the Younger, Mausoleum, Ménage à trois, Mersey River, Merton College, Oxford, Messina, Mezzanine, Middlesex, Milan, Missal, Moggerhanger House, Mount Etna, Mount Vesuvius, Music, Nancy Storace, Naples, Nathaniel Marchant, Neoclassical architecture, Netherlands, New College, Oxford, New Wardour Castle, Newby Hall, Newgate Prison, Nicholas Stone, Nikolaus Pevsner, Northamptonshire, Northleach, Obituary, Office of Works, Othello, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Padua, Paestum, Painting, Palace of Caserta, Palace of Versailles, Palace of Westminster, Palazzo Barberini, Palazzo Biscari, Palazzo del Te, Palazzo Farnese, Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne, Palazzo Pitti, Palermo, Parma, Patrick Brydone, Père Lachaise Cemetery, Pell Wall Hall, Pendentive, Perspective (graphical), Pertussis, Petersham Lodge, Petit Trianon, Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, Philosophy, Piacenza, Piercefield House, Pilaster, Pitzhanger Manor, Plompton, Poetry, Pompeii, Pont de Neuilly, Pontine Marshes, Port Eliot, Portland stone, Pottery of ancient Greece, Pozzuoli, Prerogative court, Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, Ramsey Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, Red telephone box, Regent Street, Reichenau, Switzerland, Renaissance architecture, Richard Westmacott, Rimini, Ripon, River Severn, River Wye, Robert Adam, Robert Dennis Chantrell, Robert Furze Brettingham, Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Robert Mylne (architect), Robert Peel, Robert Smirke (architect), Robert Smirke (painter), Robert Taylor (architect), Roman aqueduct, Roman glass, Roman mosaic, Roof, Roof lantern, Room, Ross-on-Wye, Rowland Burdon (died 1838), Royal Academy of Arts, Royal Academy Summer Exhibition, Royal Belfast Academical Institution, Royal College of Surgeons of England, Royal Courts of Justice, Royal Hospital Chelsea, Royal Institution, Royal Society, Ryston, Saint-Étienne-du-Mont, Saint-Cloud, Salerno, Samuel Pepys Cockerell, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Samuel Wale, San Petronio Basilica, Sant'Agnese fuori le mura, Santo Spirito, Florence, Sarcophagus, Saxlingham, Sèvres, Schaffhausen, Sculpture, Segesta, Selinunte, Seti I, Shakespeare's Birthplace, Shotesham, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Sicily, Siena, Sir John Soane's Museum, Skylight, Society of Antiquaries of London, Somerset, Sorrento, South Hill Park, Southwark, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), Splügen Pass, St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury, St James's Palace, St John on Bethnal Green, St Pancras Old Church, St Peter's Church, Walworth, Stained glass, Stairs, Stowe House, Stratford-upon-Avon, Studley Royal Park, Surveying, Syracuse, Sicily, Taormina, Teatro della Pergola, Teatro di San Carlo, Temple of Artemis, Temple of Vesta, Tivoli, The Blitz, The Iron Bridge, The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, The Royal Opera, The Times, Thomas Banks, Thomas Bowdler, Thomas Hardwick, Thomas Harrison (architect), Thomas Jones (artist), Thomas Lawrence, Thomas Leverton Donaldson, Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron Camelford, Thomas Sandby, Threadneedle Street, Tintern Abbey, Torquato Tasso, Trapani, Trust law, Tuileries Palace, Tyringham, Tyringham Hall, Uffizi, University of Cambridge, Urn, Uxbridge, Valletta, Velletri, Venice, Verona, Vestibule (architecture), Vicenza, Victoria and Albert Museum, Victory column, Vignola, Villa Albani, Villa Farnese, Villa Lante, Villa Palagonia, Vincennes, Vitruvius, Voltaire, Vulgate, Walpole Society, Warwick Castle, Westminster, Wettingen, Whitehall, Whitley, Coventry, William Chambers (architect), William Cobbett, William Hogarth, William IV of the United Kingdom, William Pitt the Younger, William Shakespeare, William Thomas Beckford, Wimpole Estate, Window, Wirral Peninsula, Witney, Wokefield Park, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, Wotton House, Wrexham, Zürich, 10 Downing Street, 11 Downing Street. 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A Rake's Progress

A Rake's Progress is a series of eight paintings by 18th-century English artist William Hogarth.

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Abbeville

Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Picardie region in northern France.

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Accademia delle Arti del Disegno

The Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, or "Academy of the Arts of Drawing", is an academy of artists in Florence, Italy.

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Act of Parliament

An Act of Parliament is a statute enacted as primary legislation by a national or sub-national parliament.

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Aeolian Islands

The Aeolian Islands (Isole Eolie,, Ìsuli Eoli, Αιολίδες Νήσοι) are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus.

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Age of Enlightenment

The Age of Enlightenment or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason is an era from the 1620s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority.

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Agrigento

Agrigento (Sicilian: Girgenti) is a city on the southern coast of Sicily, Italy, and capital of the province of Agrigento.

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Alabaster

Alabaster is a name applied to varieties of two distinct minerals, when used as a material: gypsum (a hydrous sulfate of calcium) and calcite, a carbonate of calcium, also known as onyx-marble, Egyptian alabaster or Oriental alabaster, in geological terms is "a stalagmitic limestone marked with patterns of swirling bands of cream and brown".

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Alban Hills

The Alban Hills are the site of a quiescent volcanic complex in Italy, located southeast of Rome and about north of Anzio.

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Allanbank, Scottish Borders

Allanbank is a village near Allanton, in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland, in the historic county of Berwickshire.

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Alps

The Alps (Alpi; Alpes; Alpen; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately across eight Alpine countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

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Amiens

Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.

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Amiens Cathedral

The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Amiens (Basilique Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens), or simply Amiens Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral and seat of the Bishop of Amiens (currently Jean-Luc Bouilleret).

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt.

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Ancient Greek architecture

The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland and Peloponnesus, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC.

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Ancona

Ancona (from) is a city and a seaport in the Marche region, in central Italy, with a population of 102,997 (2010).

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Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio (30 November 1508 – 19 August 1580) was an Italian architect active in the Republic of Venice.

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Angling

Angling is a method of fishing by means of an "angle" (fish hook).

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Anna, Lady Miller

Anna, Lady Miller (1741 – 24 June 1781) was an English poet, travel writer and salon hostess.

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Antiquities

Antiquities are objects from Antiquity, especially the civilizations of the Mediterranean: the Classical antiquity of Greece and Rome, Ancient Egypt and the other Ancient Near Eastern cultures.

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Antonio Salieri

Antonio Salieri (18 August 17507 May 1825) was an Italian classical composer, conductor and teacher born in Legnago, south of Verona, in the Republic of Venice, but who spent his adult life and career as a subject of the Habsburg Monarchy.

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Apprenticeship

Apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).

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Arc de Triomphe

The Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile (Triumphal Arch of the Star) is one of the most famous monuments in Paris.

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Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel

The Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel is a triumphal arch in Paris, located in the Place du Carrousel.

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Arch

An arch is a curved structure that spans a space and may or may not support weight above it.

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Archbasilica of St. John Lateran

The Papal Archbasilica of St.

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Architect

An architect is a person who plans, designs, and oversees the construction of buildings.

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Architectural drawing

An architectural drawing or architect's drawing is a technical drawing of a building (or building project) that falls within the definition of architecture.

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Architectural model

An architectural model is a type of a scale model - a physical representation of a structure - built to study aspects of an architectural design or to communicate design ideas.

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Arcueil

Arcueil is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.

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Art museum

An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.

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Astley Cooper

Sir Astley Paston Cooper, 1st Baronet (23 August 1768 – 12 February 1841) was an English surgeon and anatomist, who made historical contributions to otology, vascular surgery, the anatomy and pathology of the mammary glands and testicles, and the pathology and surgery of hernia.

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Aynho

Aynho (formerly spelt Aynhoe) is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, England, on the edge of the Cherwell valley about southeast of the north Oxfordshire town of Banbury and southwest of Brackley.

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Aynhoe Park

Aynhoe Park, is a Grade I listed 17th-century country house rebuilt after the English Civil War on the southern edge of the stone-built village of Aynho, Northamptonshire, England.

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Étienne-Louis Boullée

Étienne-Louis Boullée (February 12, 1728 – February 4, 1799) was a visionary French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects.

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Baldassare Peruzzi

Baldassare Tommaso Peruzzi (7 March 1481 – 6 January 1536) was an Italian architect and painter, born in a small town near Siena (in Ancaiano, frazione of Sovicille) and died in Rome.

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Bank of England

The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.

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Bank of Ireland

The Bank of Ireland (Banc na hÉireann) is a commercial bank operation in Ireland and one of the traditional 'Big Four' Irish banks.

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Banknote

A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable instrument known as a promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.

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Banqueting House, Whitehall

The Banqueting House, Whitehall, is the grandest and best known survivor of the architectural genre of banqueting house and the only remaining component of the Palace of Whitehall in London.

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Barbara Hofland

Barbara Hofland (1770 – 4 November 1844) was an English writer of some 66 didactic, moral stories for children, and of schoolbooks and poetry.

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Baronscourt

Baronscourt, Barons-Court or Baronscourt Castle is a Georgian mansion and estate located 4.5 km southwest of Newtownstewart in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, and is the seat of the Duke of Abercorn.

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Basel

Basel (or; or less often used Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea; Basilea) is Switzerland's third most populous city (behind Zürich and Geneva) with about 195,000 inhabitants.

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Basilica of St Denis

The Basilica of Saint Denis (known as Basilique royale de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is a large medieval abbey church in the city of Saint-Denis, now a northern suburb of Paris.

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Bassin de la Villette

The Bassin de la Villette (La Villette Basin) is the largest artificial lake in Paris.

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Bath, Somerset

Bath is a city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, South West England, that is known for the curative Roman-built baths that still exist there.

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Batheaston

Batheaston is a village and civil parish east of Bath, England (which is believed to be the origin of the name), on the north bank of the River Avon.

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Beauvais

Beauvais is a city and commune in northern France.

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Bedfordshire

Bedfordshire (or /ˈbɛdfədʃɪə/; abbreviated Beds.) is a county in the East of England.

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Belfast

Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland (United Kingdom).

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Benevento

Benevento is a city and comune of Campania, Italy, capital of the province of Benevento, northeast of Naples.

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Benjamin Haydon

Benjamin Robert Haydon (26 January 1786 – 22 June 1846) was an English painter who specialised in grand historical pictures, although he also painted a few contemporary subjects and portraits.

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Bentley Priory

Bentley Priory is an eighteenth to nineteenth century stately home and deer park in Stanmore on the northern edge of the Greater London area in the London Borough of Harrow.

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Bethnal Green

Bethnal Green is a town in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

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Bishop of Derry

The Bishop of Derry is an episcopal title which takes its name after the city of Derry in Northern Ireland.

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Blenheim Palace

Blenheim Palace (pronounced) is a monumental country house situated in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England.

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Boethius

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius,Hodgkin, Thomas.

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Bologna

Bologna (Emilian: Bulåggna pronounced; Bononia) is the largest city (and the capital) of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Italy.

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Book of hours

The book of hours is a Christian devotional book popular in the Middle Ages.

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Brenta (river)

The Brenta is an Italian river that runs from Trentino to the Adriatic Sea just south of the Venetian lagoon in the Veneto region.

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Bridge

A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.

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Bridgnorth

Bridgnorth is a town in Shropshire, England, situated on the Severn Valley.

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British Museum

The British Museum is a museum dedicated to human history, art, and culture, located in the Bloomsbury area of London.

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Brompton Cemetery

Brompton Cemetery is located near Earl's Court in west London, England (postal districts SW5 and SW10), in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

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Brussels

Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the city of Brussels which de jure is the capital of Belgium, the French Community of Belgium, and the Flemish Community.

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Buildwas Abbey

Buildwas Abbey is located along the banks of the River Severn in Buildwas, Shropshire, England, about two miles west of Ironbridge.

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Bullion

Bullion traditionally stands for gold bars, silver bars, other precious metals bars or ingots.

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Bust (sculpture)

A bust is a sculpted or cast representation of the upper part of the human figure, depicting a person's head and neck, as well as a variable portion of the chest and shoulders.

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Cabinet Office

The Cabinet Office is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for supporting the Prime Minister and Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

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Canaletto

Giovanni Antonio Canal (17 or 18 October 1697 – 19 April 1768), better known as Canaletto, was an Italian painter of landscapes, or vedute, of Venice.

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Canterbury

Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent in the United Kingdom.

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Canterbury Cathedral

Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England and forms part of a World Heritage Site.

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Capitoline Museums

The Capitoline Museums (Italian: Musei Capitolini) are a group of art and archeological museums in Piazza del Campidoglio, on top of the Capitoline Hill in Rome, Italy.

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Capua

Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain.

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Carrara marble

Carrara marble (sometimes mistakenly "Carrera marble") is a type of white or blue-grey marble of high quality, popular for use in sculpture and building decor.

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Caryatid

A caryatid (Καρυάτις, plural: Καρυάτιδες) is a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head.

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Castel Gandolfo

Castel Gandolfo (Castrum Gandulphi, colloquially Castello in the Castelli Romani dialects) is a town located southeast of Rome in the Lazio region of Italy.

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Castle Howard

Castle Howard is a stately home in North Yorkshire, England, north of York.

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Catania

Catania (Κατάνη,; Catana,, and Catina) is an Italian city on the east coast of Sicily facing the Ionian Sea, between Messina and Syracuse.

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Cataract

A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye leading to a decrease in vision.

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Certosa di Padula

Padula Charterhouse, in Italian Certosa di Padula (or Certosa di San Lorenzo di Padula), is a large Carthusian monastery, or charterhouse, located in the town of Padula, in the Cilento National Park (near Salerno) in Southern Italy.

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Chamber of Deputies (France)

Chamber of Deputies (la Chambre des députés) was the name given to several parliamentary bodies in France in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

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Charles Barry

Sir Charles Barry (23 May 1795 – 12 May 1860) was an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster (also known as the Houses of Parliament) in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens.

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Charles Long, 1st Baron Farnborough

Charles Long, 1st Baron Farnborough GCB PC PC (Ire) FRS FSA (2 January 1760 – 17 January 1838) was an English politician and connoisseur of the arts.

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Château de Bagatelle

The Château de Bagatelle is a small neoclassical château with a French landscape garden in the Bois de Boulogne in the 16th arrondissement of Paris.

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Château de Malmaison

The Château de Malmaison is a French château.

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Château de Vincennes

The Château de Vincennes is a massive 14th and 17th century French royal fortress in the town of Vincennes, to the east of Paris, now a suburb of the metropolis.

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Cheltenham

Cheltenham, also known as Cheltenham Spa, is a large spa town and borough in Gloucestershire, England, located on the edge of the Cotswolds.

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Chepstow

Chepstow (Cas-gwent) is a town in Monmouthshire, Wales, adjoining the border with Gloucestershire, England.

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Chertsey

Chertsey is a town in the Runnymede borough of Surrey, England on the right bank of the River Thames where it is met by a corollary, the Abbey River and a tributary, the River Bourne or Chertsey Bourne.

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Chester

Chester is a walled city in Cheshire, England.

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Chester Castle

Chester Castle is in the city of Chester, Cheshire, England.

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Chillington Hall

Chillington Hall is a Georgian country house near Brewood, Staffordshire, England, four miles northwest of Wolverhampton.

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Chimney

A chimney is a structure which provides ventilation for hot flue gases or smoke from a boiler, stove, furnace or fireplace to the outside atmosphere.

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Chinese ceramics

Chinese ceramic ware shows a continuous development since imperial times and is one of the most significant forms of Chinese art and ceramics.

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Christ Church, Southwark

Christ Church, Southwark, is a church of the Anglican denomination situated on the west side of Blackfriars Road, London.

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Christopher Wren

Sir Christopher Michael Wren PRS (20 October 1632 – 25 February 1723) is one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.

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Church of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon

The Collegiate Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon is a Grade I listed parish church of the Church of England in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.

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City of London

The City of London is a city and county within London.

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Classical architecture

Classical architecture usually denotes architecture which is more or less consciously derived from the principles of Greek and Roman architecture of classical antiquity, or sometimes even more specifically, from the works of Vitruvius.

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Classical order

"An Order in architecture is a certain assemblage of parts subject to uniform established proportions, regulated by the office that each part has to perform". The Architectural Orders are the ancient styles of classical architecture, each distinguished by its proportions and characteristic profiles and details, and most readily recognizable by the type of column employed.

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Claude Nicolas Ledoux

Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (21 March 1736 – 18 November 1806) was one of the earliest exponents of French Neoclassical architecture.

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Clerk of works

The Clerk of Works (or Clerk of the Works), often abbreviated CoW, is employed by an architect or a client on a construction site.

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Coalbrookdale

Coalbrookdale is a village in the Ironbridge Gorge in Shropshire, England, containing a settlement of great significance in the history of iron ore smelting.

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Cologne

Cologne (German Köln, Kölle), Germany's fourth-largest city (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich), is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants.

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Colosseum

The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio or Colosseo), is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy.

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Commissioners' church

A Commissioners' church is an Anglican church in the United Kingdom built with money voted by Parliament as a result of the Church Building Act of 1818 and 1824.

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Constantine the Great

Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Greek: Κωνσταντίνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine (in the Orthodox Church as Saint Constantine the Great, Equal-to-the-Apostles), was a Roman Emperor from 306 to 337 AD of Illyrian ancestry.

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Construction

Construction is the process of creating and building infrastructure or a facility.

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Cotswolds

The Cotswolds is an area in south central England containing the Cotswold Hills, a range of rolling hills which rise from the meadows of the upper Thames to an escarpment, known as the Cotswold Edge, above the Severn Valley and Evesham Vale.

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County Londonderry

County Londonderry, also known as County Derry (Irish: Contae Dhoire, Ulster Scots: Coontie Lunnonderrie), is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.

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County Tyrone

County Tyrone is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.

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Coventry

Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the centre of England.

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Cricket St Thomas

Cricket St Thomas is a village and parish in Somerset, England, situated in a valley beside the A30 road between Chard and Crewkerne in the South Somerset district.

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Cristoforo Landino

Cristoforo Landino (1424 in Pratovecchio, Casentino, Florence – 24 September 1498 in Borgo alla Collina, Casentino) was an Italian humanist and an important figure of the Florentine Renaissance.

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Cumae

Cumae ((Kumē) or Κύμαι or Κύμα; Cuma) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.

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Daniele Barbaro

Daniele Matteo Alvise Barbaro (also Barbarus) (8 February 1513 – 13 April 1570) was an Italian translator of, and commentator on, Vitruvius.

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Dante Alighieri

Durante degli Alighieri, simply called Dante (c. 1265–1321), was a major Italian poet of the late Middle Ages.

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David Laing (architect)

David Laing (1774 - 1856) was a British architect principally known as the architect of the New Custom House in London, which was completed in 1817 and collapsed in 1825.

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David Mocatta

David Mocatta (1806–1882) was a British architect and a member of the Anglo-Jewish Mocatta family.

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De architectura

De architectura (On architecture, published as Ten Books on Architecture) is a treatise on architecture written by the Roman architect Vitruvius and dedicated to his patron, the emperor Caesar Augustus, as a guide for building projects.

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Deism

Deism, derived from the Latin word "Deus" meaning "God", is a theological/philosophical position that combines the rejection of revelation and authority as a source of religious knowledge with the conclusion that reason and observation of the natural world are sufficient to determine the existence of a single creator of the universe.

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Domestic violence

Domestic violence (also domestic abuse, spousal abuse, intimate partner violence, battering or family violence) is a pattern of behavior which involves violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation.

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Door

A door is a moving structure used to block off, and allow access to, an entrance to or within an enclosed space, such as a building or vehicle.

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Doric order

The Doric order was one of the three orders of ancient Greek or classical architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian.

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Downhill House

Downhill House was a mansion built in the 18th century for Frederick Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol at Downhill, Northern Ireland.

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Dowry

A dowry is a transfer of parental property at the marriage of a daughter.

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Drama

Drama is the specific mode of narrative, typically fictional, represented in performance.

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Dublin

Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland.

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Dulwich Picture Gallery

Dulwich Picture Gallery is an art gallery in Dulwich, south London.

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Dunkirk

Dunkirk (Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Ealing

Ealing is a major suburban district of west London, England and the administrative centre of the London Borough of Ealing.

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East Anglia

East Anglia is an area in the East of England.

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Eboli

Eboli is a town and comune of Campania, southern Italy, in the province of Salerno, on the south edge of the hills overlooking the valley of the Sele.

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Ellesmere, Shropshire

Ellesmere is a market town near Oswestry in north Shropshire, England, notable for its proximity to a number of prominent lakes known as the Meres.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Facade

A facade or façade is generally one exterior side of a building, usually, but not always, the front.

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First Folio

Mr.

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Fishing

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.

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Fistula

The Latin word fistula (or or, plural fistulas or fistulae or) literally means tube or pipe.

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Flemish

Flemish or Belgian Dutch (Belgisch-Nederlands, or Vlaams) is the Dutch language as spoken in Flanders, the northern part of Belgium, be it standard (as used in schools, government and the media) or informal (as used in daily speech, "")..

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Florence

Florence (Firenze, alternative obsolete form: Fiorenza; Latin: Florentia) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence.

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Fonthill Abbey

Fonthill Abbey — also known as Beckford's Folly — was a large Gothic revival country house built between 1796 and 1813 at Fonthill Gifford in Wiltshire, England, at the direction of William Thomas Beckford and architect James Wyatt.

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Foreign and Commonwealth Office

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the British Government.

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Fountains Abbey

Fountains Abbey is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England.

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Francesco di Giorgio Martini

Francesco di Giorgio Martini (baptized 23 September 1439 – 1501) was an Italian painter of the Sienese School and a sculptor, as well as being, in Nikolaus Pevsner's terms: one of the most interesting later Quattrocento architects and a visionary architectural theorist; as a military engineer he executed architectural designs and sculptural projects and built almost seventy fortifications for the Federico da Montefeltro, Count (later Duke) of Urbino, for whom he was working in the 1460s, building city walls as at Iesi and early examples of star-shaped fortifications.

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Francis Bourgeois

Peter Francis Lewis Bourgeois RA (November 1753 – 8 January 1811) was a landscape and history painter, and court painter to king George III of the United Kingdom.

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Francis Leggatt Chantrey

Sir Francis Leg(g)att Chantrey (7 April 1781 – 25 November 1841) was an English sculptor.

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Frederick Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol

Frederick Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol PC DD FRS (1 August 1730, Suffolk – 8 July 1803, Lazio) was an 18th-century Anglican prelate.

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Freemasonry

Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that traces its origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.

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Freemasons' Hall, London

Freemasons' Hall in London is the headquarters of the United Grand Lodge of England and the Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of England, as well as a meeting place for many Masonic Lodges in the London area.

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Freiburg im Breisgau

Freiburg im Breisgau (Alemannic: Friburg im Brisgau; Fribourg-en-Brisgau) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany with a population of about 220,000.

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Gaeta

Gaeta (Caieta, Ancient Greek: Καιέτα) is a city and comune in the province of Latina, in Lazio, central Italy.

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Garden buildings

A garden building is any structure built in a garden or backyard.

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George Allen Underwood

George Allen Underwood (1793 – 1 November 1829, Bath) was an architect in Cheltenham.

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George Basevi

Elias George Basevi FRS (1 April 1794 – 16 October 1845) was an English architect.

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George Dance the Elder

George Dance the Elder (1695 – 8 February 1768) was an English architect of the 18th century.

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George Dance the Younger

George Dance the younger, RA (1 April 1741 – 14 January 1825) was an English architect and surveyor as well as a portraitist.

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George Frederick Cooke

George Frederick Cooke (17 April 1756 in London – 26 September 1812 in New York) was an English actor.

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George Soane

George Soane (1790–1860) was an English writer and dramatist.

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George Wightwick

George Wightwick (26 August 1802 – 9 July 1872) was a British architect based in Plymouth, and possibly the first architectural journalist.

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Giles Gilbert Scott

Sir Giles Gilbert Scott (9 November 1880 – 8 February 1960) was an English architect known for his work on such structures as Liverpool Cathedral, Waterloo Bridge and Battersea Power Station and designing the iconic red telephone box.

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Giotto's Campanile

Giotto’s Campanile is a free-standing campanile that is part of the complex of buildings that make up Florence Cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence, Italy.

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Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Giovanni Battista (also Giambattista) Piranesi (4 October 1720 – 9 November 1778) was an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons" (Carceri d'Invenzione).

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Giulio Clovio

Giorgio Giulio Clovio or Juraj Julije Klović (1498 – January 5, 1578) was an illuminator, miniaturist, and painter born in the Kingdom of Croatia, who was mostly active in Renaissance Italy.

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Glasgow

Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and the third largest in the United Kingdom (after London and Birmingham).

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Gloucester

Gloucester is a city, district and county town of Gloucestershire in the South West region of England.

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Gloucester Cathedral

Gloucester Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity, in Gloucester, England, stands in the north of the city near the River Severn.

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Gordon Riots

The Gordon Riots of 1780 began as an anti-Catholic protest in London against the Papists Act of 1778, which intended to reduce official discrimination against British Catholics.

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Goring-on-Thames

Goring-on-Thames (or Goring) is a relatively large village and civil parish on the Thames in South Oxfordshire, about south of Wallingford and north-west of Reading.

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Gothic Revival architecture

Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, Neo-Gothic or Jigsaw Gothic, and when used for school, college, and university buildings as Collegiate Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.

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Grand Tour

The Grand Tour was the traditional trip of Europe undertaken by mainly upper-class European young men of means, or those of more humble origin who could find a sponsor.

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Grand Trianon

The Grand Trianon was built in the northwestern part of the Domain of Versailles at the request of Louis XIV, as a retreat for the King and his maîtresse en titre of the time, the marquise de Montespan, and as a place where the King and invited guests could take light meals (collations) away from the strict ''étiquette'' of the Court.

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Greenwich

Greenwich is an early-established district of today's London, England, and the administrative centre of the Royal Borough of Greenwich centred 5.5 miles (8.9 km) east south-east of Charing Cross.

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Guinea (British coin)

The guinea is a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in the Kingdom of England and later in the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom between 1663 and 1814.

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Hadrian's Villa

The Hadrian's Villa (Villa Adriana in Italian) is a large Roman archaeological complex at Tivoli, Italy.

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Hameau de la Reine

The Hameau de la Reine (The Queen's Hamlet) is a rustic retreat in the park of the Château de Versailles built for Marie Antoinette in 1783 near the Petit Trianon in the Yvelines, France.

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Harewood House

Harewood House is a country house in Harewood near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.

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Harrogate

Harrogate is a spa town in North Yorkshire, England.

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Henry Bankes

Henry Bankes (1757–1834) was an English politician and author.

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Henry Holland (architect)

Henry Holland (20 July 1745 – 17 June 1806) was an architect to the English nobility.

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Henry Parke

Henry Parke (1790–1835) was an English architect and draughtsman.

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Henry Tresham

Henry Tresham RA (c.1751 – 17 June 1814) was an Irish-born historical painter active in London, England, in the late 18th century.

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Herbert Baker

Herbert Baker (9 June 1862 – 4 February 1946) was a British architect remembered as the dominant force in South African architecture for two decades, and a major designer of some of New Delhi's most notable government structures.

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Herculaneum

Located in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius, Herculaneum (Italian: Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD.

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Hereford

Hereford is a cathedral city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, England.

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Hereford Cathedral

The current Hereford Cathedral, located at Hereford in England, dates from 1079.

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Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire (abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

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High Wycombe

High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe, is a large town in Buckinghamshire, England.

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Historiography of the fall of the Western Roman Empire

The causes and mechanisms of the decline of the Roman Empire are a historical theme that was introduced by historian Edward Gibbon in his 1776 book The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.

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History

History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans.

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Holwood House

Holwood House is a country house in Keston, near Hayes, in the London Borough of Bromley, England.

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Holy Trinity Church, Marylebone

Holy Trinity Church, Marylebone, Westminster, London is a former Anglican church, built in 1828 by Sir John Soane.

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Holy Week

Holy Week (Latin: Hebdomas Sancta or Hebdomas Maior, "Greater Week"; Greek: Ἁγία καὶ Μεγάλη Ἑβδομάς, Hagia kai Megale Hebdomas, "Holy and Great Week") in Christianity is the week just before Easter.

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Homosexuality

Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

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Honing Hall

Honing Hall is a Grade II* listed building which stands in a small estate close to the village of Honing in the English county of Norfolk within the United Kingdom.

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Huaco (pottery)

Huaco or Guaco is the generic name given in Peru mostly to earthen vessels and other finely made pottery artworks by the indigenous peoples of the Americas found in pre-Columbian sites such as burial locations, sanctuaries, temples and other ancient ruins.

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Humours of an Election

The Humours of an Election is a series of four oil paintings and later engravings by William Hogarth that illustrate the election of a member of parliament in Oxfordshire in 1754.

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I quattro libri dell'architettura

I quattro libri dell'architettura (The Four Books of Architecture) is an Italian treatise on architecture by the architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580).

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Iago

Iago is a fictional character in Shakespeare's Othello (c. 1601–1604).

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Ickworth House

Ickworth House is a country house near Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England.

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Illuminated manuscript

An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.

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Incunable

An incunable, or sometimes incunabulum (plural incunables or incunabula, respectively), is a book, pamphlet, or broadside (such as the Almanach cracoviense ad annum 1474) that was printed—not handwritten—before the year 1501 in Europe.

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Inigo Jones

Inigo Jones (15 July 1573 – 21 June 1652) was the first significant English architect of the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings.

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Italianate architecture

The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.

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Ivory

Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks and teeth of animals, that is used in art or manufacturing.

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J. M. W. Turner

Joseph Mallord William Turner, RA (baptised 14 May 177519 December 1851) was an English Romanticist landscape painter.

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Jacques-François Blondel

Jacques-François Blondel (8 January 1705 — 9 January 1774) was a French architect and teacher.

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James Adam (architect)

James Adam (21 July 1732 – 20 October 1794) was a Scottish architect and furniture designer, but was often overshadowed by his older brother and business partner, Robert Adam.

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James Boaden

James Boaden (1762–1839) was an English biographer, dramatist, and journalist.

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James Gibbs

James Gibbs (23 December 1682 – 5 August 1754) was one of Britain's most influential architects.

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James Perry (journalist)

James Perry, born James Pirie (30 October 1756 – 4 December 1821) was a British journalist and newspaper editor.

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James Playfair

James Playfair (5 August 1755 – 23 February 1794) was a Scottish architect who worked largely in the Neoclassical tradition.

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James Stevens Curl

James Stevens Curl (born 1937), PhD (Lond), DiplArch (Oxon), DipTP (Oxon), MRIA, FSA, FSAScot, FRIAS, HonAABC, MRIAI, RIBA, is an architectural historian, architect, and author with an extensive range of publications to his name.

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James Wyatt

James Wyatt (3 August 1746 – 4 September 1813), was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style and neo-Gothic style.

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Jardin des Plantes

The Jardin des Plantes is the main botanical garden in France.

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century.

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Jean-Rodolphe Perronet

Jean-Rodolphe Perronet (27 October 1708 – 27 February 1794) was a French architect and structural engineer, known for his many stone arch bridges.

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Jeffry Wyatville

Sir Jeffry Wyatville (3 August 1766 – 18 February 1840) was an English architect and garden designer.

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Johann Joachim Winckelmann

Johann Joachim Winckelmann (9 December 1717 – 8 June 1768) was a German art historian and archaeologist.

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John Flaxman

John Flaxman R.A. (6 July 1755 – 7 December 1826) was a British sculptor and draughtsman, and a leading figure in British and European Neoclassicism.

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John Foster (architect)

John Foster, Junior (c. 1787 – 26 September 1846) was an English architect.

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John Nash (architect)

John Nash (18 January 1752 – 13 May 1835) was a British architect responsible for much of the layout of Regency London under the patronage of the Prince Regent, and during his reign as George IV.

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John Patteson (1755–1833)

John Patteson (19 November 1755 – 3 October 1833) was an English Tory politician.

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John Sanders (architect)

John Sanders (1768-1826) was an architect and the first pupil of Sir John Soane taken on 1 September 1784.

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John Summerson

Sir John Newenham Summerson (25 November 1904 – 10 November 1992) was one of the leading British architectural historians of the 20th century.

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John Tarring

John Tarring FRIBA (1806–1875) was an English Victorian ecclesiastical architect active in the mid-nineteenth century.

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John Thorpe

John Thorpe or Thorp (c.1565–1655?; fl.1570–1618) was an English architect.

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Joseph Farington

Joseph Farington RA (21 November 1747 – 30 December 1821) was an 18th-century English landscape painter and diarist.

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Joseph Gandy

Joseph Michael Gandy (1771–1843) was an English artist, visionary architect and architectural theorist, most noted for his imaginative paintings depicting Sir John Soane's architectural designs.

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Joseph Hume

Joseph Hume FRS (22 January 1777 – 20 February 1855) was a Scottish doctor and Radical MP, born in Montrose, Angus.

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Josephus

Titus Flavius Josephus (37 – 100), born Joseph ben Matityahu (Hebrew: יוסף בן מתתיהו, Yosef ben Matityahu), was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer, who was born in Jerusalem—then part of Roman Judea—to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.

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Joshua Reynolds

Sir Joshua Reynolds (16 July 1723 – 23 February 1792) was an influential eighteenth-century English painter, specialising in portraits.

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Julien-David Le Roy

Julien David Le Roy, also Leroy (1724-1803) was a French architect and archaeologist, who engaged in a rivalry with Britons James Stuart and Nicholas Revett over who would publish the first professional description of the Acropolis of Athens since an early 1682 work by Antoine Desgodetz.

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Justice of the peace

A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer, of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission (letters patent) to keep the peace.

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Kenilworth Castle

Kenilworth Castle is located in the town of the same name in Warwickshire, England.

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Kingston Lacy

Kingston Lacy is a country house and estate near Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England, now owned by the National Trust.

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Knaresborough

Knaresborough is an historic market town, spa town and civil parish in the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England.

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Knight

A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch or other political leader for service to the Monarch or country, especially in a military capacity.

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La Scala

La Scala (abbreviation in Italian language for the official name Teatro alla Scala) is an opera house in Milan, Italy.

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Lake Albano

Lake Albano (Italian: Lago Albano or Lago di Castel Gandolfo) is a small volcanic crater lake in the Alban Hills of Lazio, at the foot of Monte Cavo, southeast of Rome.

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Lake Como

Lake Como (Lago di Como in Italian, also known as Lario, after the Latin name of the lake; Lach de Comm in Lombard; Latin: Larius Lacus) is a lake of glacial origin in Lombardy, Italy.

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Landed gentry

Landed gentry is a largely historical privileged British social class consisting of land owners who could live entirely from rental income.

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Landscape architecture

Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor public areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social-behavioral, or aesthetic outcomes.

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Leominster

Leominster is a market town in Herefordshire, England, and is located at the confluence of the River Lugg and its tributary the River Kenwater, approximately north of the city of Hereford and approx 7 miles south of the Shropshire border, 11 miles from Ludlow in Shropshire.

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Les Invalides

Les Invalides, officially known as L'Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), or also as L'Hôtel des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose.

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Letton Hall

Letton Hall is an English stately home at Letton near Shipdham, Norfolk.

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Leuven

Leuven (Louvain,, often used in English) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in the Flemish Region, Belgium.

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Liège

Liège (Luik,; Lidje; Lüttich; Leodium) is a major city and a municipality in Belgium.

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Licata

Licata (Greek: Φιντίας; Latin: Phintias or Plintis; formerly also Alicata) is a city and comune located on the south coast of Sicily, at the mouth of the Salso River (the ancient Himera), about midway between Agrigento and Gela.

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Lichfield

Lichfield is a cathedral city and civil parish in Staffordshire, England.

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Lincoln's Inn Fields

Lincoln's Inn Fields is the largest public square in London.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary.

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Liverpool Town Hall

Liverpool Town Hall stands in High Street at its junction with Dale Street, Castle Street, and Water Street in Liverpool, Merseyside, England.

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Lombardy

Lombardy (Lombardia; Lombard: Lombardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy in the north-west of the country with an area of 23,844 square kilometers (9,206 sq mi).

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Lothbury

Lothbury is a short street in the City of London.

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Louvre

The Louvre or the Louvre Museum is one of the world's largest museums and a historic monument in Paris, France.

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Ludlow

Ludlow is a market town in Shropshire, England, located south of Shrewsbury and north of Hereford via the main A49 road, which bypasses the town.

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Ludlow Castle

Ludlow Castle is a ruined medieval fortification in the town of the same name in the English county of Shropshire, standing on a promontory overlooking the River Teme.

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Luxembourg Palace

The Luxembourg Palace (Palais du Luxembourg) is located at 15 rue de Vaugirard in the 6th arrondissement of Paris.

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Malta

Malta, officially the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country comprising an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Mantua

Mantua (Mantova; Emilian and Latin: Mantua) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.

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Marc-Antoine Laugier

The abbé Marc-Antoine Laugier (January 22, 1713 – April 5, 1769) was a Jesuit priest and architectural theorist.

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Marden Hill

Marden Hill is a Grade II* listed country house close to the village of Tewin, Hertfordshire.

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Mare

A mare is an adult female horse or other equine.

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Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1623 – 15 December 1673) was an English aristocrat, a prolific writer, and a scientist.

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Margate

Margate is a seaside town in the district of Thanet in East Kent, England.

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Maria Cosway

Maria Cosway (11 June 1760 – 5 January 1838) was an Italian-English artist, who exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in London.

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Marino Grimani

Marino Grimani (c.1489–1546) was an Italian Cardinal and papal legate.

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Market Drayton

Market Drayton is a small market town in north Shropshire, England, close to the Staffordshire border.

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Masham

Masham is a small market town and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England.

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Matthew Brettingham

Matthew Brettingham (1699 – 19 August 1769), sometimes called Matthew Brettingham the Elder, was an 18th-century Englishman who rose from humble origins to supervise the construction of Holkham Hall, and become one of the country's best-known architects of his generation.

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Matthew Brettingham the Younger

Matthew Brettingham the Younger (1725 – 18 March 1803) was an architect.

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Mausoleum

A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people.

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Ménage à trois

A ménage à trois (French for "household of three") is a domestic arrangement in which three people having romantic and/or sexual relations with each other occupy the same household.

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Mersey River

Mersey River may mean.

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Merton College, Oxford

Merton College (in full: The House or College of Scholars of Merton in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.

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Messina

Messina (Sicilian: Missina; Messana, Μεσσήνα) is the capital of the Italian province of Messina.

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Mezzanine

In architecture, a mezzanine or entresol is an intermediate floor between main floors of a building, and therefore typically not counted among the overall floors of a building.

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Middlesex

Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) was a county in southeast England, that is now mostly part of Greater London, with small sections in neighbouring counties.

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Milan

Milan (or; Milano; Milanese: Milan), the second-most populous city in Italy, serves as the capital of Lombardy.

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Missal

A missal is a liturgical book containing all instructions and texts necessary for the celebration of Mass throughout the year.

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Moggerhanger House

Moggerhanger House is a Grade I-listed country house in Moggerhanger, Bedfordshire, England, designed by the eminent architect John Soane.

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Mount Etna

Mount Etna (Etna, Mungibeddu or â Muntagna, Aetna) is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Province of Catania, between Messina and Catania.

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Mount Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius (Monte Vesuvio, Mons Vesuvius) is a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about east of Naples and a short distance from the shore.

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Music

Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence.

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Nancy Storace

Anna (or Ann) Selina Storace, known as Nancy Storace (27 October 1765 – 24 August 1817), was an English operatic soprano.

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Naples

Naples (Napoli, Neapolitan: nNapule; Neapolis; Νεάπολις, meaning "new city") is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Rome and Milan.

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Nathaniel Marchant

Nathaniel Marchant, R.A. (1739–1816) was an English gem engraver.

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Neoclassical architecture

Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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New College, Oxford

New College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.

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New Wardour Castle

New Wardour Castle is an English country house at Wardour, near Tisbury in Wiltshire, built for the Arundell family.

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Newby Hall

Newby Hall is an eighteenth-century country house situated on the banks of the River Ure at Skelton-on-Ure, near Boroughbridge in North Yorkshire, England, and is a Grade I listed building.

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Newgate Prison

Newgate Prison was a prison in London, at the corner of Newgate Street and Old Bailey just inside the City of London.

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Nicholas Stone

Nicholas Stone (1586/87 – 24 August 1647) was an English sculptor and architect.

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Nikolaus Pevsner

Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner CBE FBA (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983), was a German-born British scholar of history of art and, especially, of history of architecture.

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Northamptonshire

Northamptonshire (or; abbreviated Northants.) is a county in the East Midlands of England.

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Northleach

Northleach is a market town in Northleach with Eastington civil parish in Gloucestershire, England.

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Obituary

An obituary is a news article that reports the recent death of a person, typically along with an account of the person's life and information about the upcoming funeral.

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Office of Works

The Office of Works was established in the English Royal household in 1378 to oversee the building of the royal castles and residences.

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Othello

Othello (The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in the year 1603, and based on the short story Un Capitano Moro ("A Moorish Captain") by Cinthio, a disciple of Boccaccio, first published in 1565.

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Oxford

Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.

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Oxfordshire

Oxfordshire (or; abbreviated Oxon) is a county in South East England bordering on Warwickshire (to the north/north-west), Northamptonshire (to the north/north-east), Buckinghamshire (to the east), Berkshire (to the south), Wiltshire (to the south-west) and Gloucestershire (to the west).

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Padua

Padua (or; Padova, Latin: Patavium, Padoa, German Padua) is a city and comune in the Veneto, northern Italy.

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Paestum

Paestum was a major ancient Greek city on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Magna Graecia.

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Painting

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface (support base).

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Palace of Caserta

The Royal Palace of Caserta (Italian: Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence in Caserta, southern Italy, constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples.

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Palace of Versailles

The Palace of Versailles, or simply Versailles, is a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France.

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Palace of Westminster

The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Palazzo Barberini

Palazzo Barberini is a palace in Rome, facing the Piazza Barberini in Rione Trevi.

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Palazzo Biscari

Palazzo Biscari is a private palace in Catania, Sicily, southern Italy.

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Palazzo del Te

Palazzo del Te or Palazzo Te is a palace in the suburbs of Mantua, Italy.

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Palazzo Farnese

Palazzo Farnese is one of the most important High Renaissance palaces in Rome.

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Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne

The Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne is a Renaissance palace in Rome, Italy.

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Palazzo Pitti

The Palazzo Pitti, in English sometimes called the Pitti Palace, is a vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy.

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Palermo

Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos, بَلَرْم, Balarm; Phoenician: זִיז, Ziz) is a city in Insular Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Province of Palermo.

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Parma

Parma (Pärma) is a city in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna famous for its prosciutto (ham), cheese, architecture, music and surrounding countryside.

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Patrick Brydone

Patrick Brydone, FRSE, FRS, FSA (Scot), FSA (1736–1818) was a Scottish traveller and author who served as Comptroller of the Stamp Office.

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Père Lachaise Cemetery

Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise,; formerly,, "East Cemetery") is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris, though there are larger cemeteries in the city's suburbs.

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Pell Wall Hall

Pell Wall Hall is a neo-classical country house on the outskirts of Market Drayton in Shropshire.

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Pendentive

A pendentive is a constructive device permitting the placing of a circular dome over a square room or an elliptical dome over a rectangular room.

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Perspective (graphical)

Perspective (from perspicere to see through) in the graphic arts is an approximate representation, on a flat surface (such as paper), of an image as it is seen by the eye.

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Pertussis

Pertussis, also known as whooping cough or 100 day cough, is a highly contagious bacterial disease.

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Petersham Lodge

Petersham Lodge is a Grade II listed house in River Lane, Petersham, London TW10.

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Petit Trianon

Petit Trianon ("small Trianon"), built between 1762 and 1768 during the reign of Louis XV, is a small château located on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles in Versailles, France.

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Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke

Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke KG, PC, FRS (31 May 1757 – 18 November 1834), known as Philip Yorke until 1790, was a British politician.

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Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of the general and fundamental nature of reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

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Piacenza

Piacenza (Emiliano-Romagnolo: Piasëinsa) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.

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Piercefield House

Piercefield House is a largely ruined neo-classical country house designed by Sir John Soane, located near Chepstow in Monmouthshire, south east Wales.

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Pilaster

The pilaster is an architectural element in classical architecture used to give the appearance of a supporting column and to articulate an extent of wall, with only an ornamental function.

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Pitzhanger Manor

Pitzhanger Manor House, in Ealing (west London), was owned from 1800 to 1810 by the architect John Soane, who radically rebuilt it.

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Plompton

Plompton is a hamlet and civil parish located south of Harrogate in North Yorkshire, England.

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Poetry

Poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.

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Pompeii

The city of Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.

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Pont de Neuilly

Le pont de Neuilly is a road and rail bridge carrying Route nationale 13 and Paris Métro Line 1 which crosses the River Seine between the right bank of Neuilly-sur-Seine and Courbevoie and Puteaux on the left bank in the French department of Hauts-de-Seine.

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Pontine Marshes

Lake Fogliano, a coastal lagoon in the Pontine Plain. The Pontine Marshes, termed in Latin Pomptinus Ager by Titus Livius, Pomptina Palus (singular) and Pomptinae Paludes (plural) by Pliny the Elder,Natural History 3.59.

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Port Eliot

Port Eliot in the parish of St Germans, Cornwall, England, UK, is the ancestral seat of the Eliot family, whose present head is Peregrine Eliot, 10th Earl of St Germans.

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Portland stone

Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset.

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Pottery of ancient Greece

Because of its relative durability, pottery comprises a large part of the archaeological record of Ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (some 100,000 vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.

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Pozzuoli

Pozzuoli is a city and comune of the Metropolitan City of Naples, in the Italian region of Campania.

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Prerogative court

A prerogative court is a court through which the discretionary powers, privileges, and legal immunities reserved to the sovereign were exercised.

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Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex

Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (27 January 1773 – 21 April 1843), was the sixth son of George III of the United Kingdom and his consort, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

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Ramsey Abbey

Ramsey Abbey is a former Benedictine abbey located in Ramsey, Cambridgeshire, England, southeast of Peterborough and north of Huntingdon, UK.

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Reading, Berkshire

Reading is a large town and unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of Berkshire, England.

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Red telephone box

The red telephone box, a telephone kiosk for a public telephone designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, was a familiar sight on the streets of the United Kingdom, Malta, Bermuda and Gibraltar.

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Regent Street

Regent Street is one of the major shopping streets in the West End of London, well known to tourists and locals alike and famous for its Christmas illuminations.

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Reichenau, Switzerland

Reichenau is a village in the municipality of Tamins in the Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland, where the two Rhine tributaries Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein meet, forming the Alpine Rhine.

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Renaissance architecture

Renaissance architecture is the architecture of the period between the early 15th and early 17th centuries in different regions of Europe, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.

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Richard Westmacott

Sir Richard Westmacott (15 July 1775 – 1 September 1856) was a British sculptor.

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Rimini

Rimini (Latin: Ariminum) is a city of 146,606 inhabitants in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini.

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Ripon

Ripon is a cathedral city, market town and successor parish in the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England.

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River Severn

The River Severn (Welsh: Afon Hafren, Latin: Sabrina) is the longest river in the United Kingdom, at about.

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River Wye

The River Wye (Afon Gwy) is the fifth-longest river in the UK, stretching some from source to sea.

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Robert Adam

Robert Adam (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.

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Robert Dennis Chantrell

Robert Dennis Chantrell (Newington, Surrey 14 January 1793 – Norwood, 4 January 1872) was an English church architect, best-known today for designing Leeds Parish Church.

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Robert Furze Brettingham

Robert Furze Brettingham (1750–1806) was an English architect, the nephew of Matthew Brettingham the Elder, who practised in London.

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Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool

Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (7 June 1770 – 4 December 1828) was an English politician and both the youngest and longest-serving Prime Minister (1812–27) since 1806.

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Robert Mylne (architect)

Robert Mylne (4 January 1733 – 5 May 1811) was a Scottish architect and civil engineer, particularly remembered for his design for Blackfriars Bridge in London.

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Robert Peel

Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet (5 February 17882 July 1850) was a British Conservative statesman, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 December 1834 to 8 April 1835, and again from 30 August 1841 to 29 June 1846.

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Robert Smirke (architect)

Sir Robert Smirke (1 October 1780 – 18 April 1867) was an English architect, one of the leaders of Greek Revival architecture, though he also used other architectural styles.

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Robert Smirke (painter)

Robert Smirke (15 April 1753 – 5 January 1845) was an English painter and illustrator, specialising in small paintings showing subjects taken from literature.

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Robert Taylor (architect)

Sir Robert Taylor (1714–1788) was a notable English architect of the mid-late 18th century.

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Roman aqueduct

The Romans constructed numerous aqueducts in order to bring water from distant sources into their cities and towns, supplying public baths, latrines, fountains and private households.

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Roman glass

Roman glass objects have been recovered across the Roman Empire in domestic, industrial and funerary contexts.

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Roman mosaic

A Roman mosaic is a mosaic made during the Roman period, throughout the Roman Empire.

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Roof

A roof is part of a building envelope.

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Roof lantern

A roof lantern is a daylighting cupola architectural element.

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Room

A room is any distinguishable space within a structure.

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Ross-on-Wye

Ross-on-Wye (Welsh: Rhosan ar Wy) is a small market town with a population of 10,089 (according to the 2001 census) in south eastern Herefordshire, England, located on the River Wye, and on the northern edge of the Forest of Dean.

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Rowland Burdon (died 1838)

Rowland Burdon (c. 1757 – 17 September 1838) was an English landowner and Tory politician from Castle Eden in County Durham.

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Royal Academy of Arts

The Royal Academy of Arts (RA) is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly in London.

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Royal Academy Summer Exhibition

The Summer Exhibition is an open art exhibition held annually by the Royal Academy in Burlington House, Piccadilly in central London, England, during the summer months of June, July, and August.

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Royal Belfast Academical Institution

The Royal Belfast Academical Institution, is a grammar school in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

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Royal College of Surgeons of England

The Royal College of Surgeons of England, often referred to simply as the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS), is an independent professional body and registered charity committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients, regulating surgery, including dentistry, in England and Wales.

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Royal Courts of Justice

The Royal Courts of Justice, commonly called the Law Courts, is a court building in London which houses both the High Court and Court of Appeal of England and Wales.

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Royal Hospital Chelsea

The Royal Hospital Chelsea is a retirement home and nursing home for some 300 retired British soldiers, located on Royal Hospital Road in Chelsea, London, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

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Royal Institution

The Royal Institution of Great Britain (often abbreviated as the Royal Institution or RI) is an organisation devoted to scientific education and research, based in London.

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Royal Society

The President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science and is possibly the oldest such society still in existence.

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Ryston

Ryston is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.

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Saint-Étienne-du-Mont

Saint-Étienne-du-Mont is a church in Paris, France, located on the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève in the 5th arrondissement, near the Panthéon.

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Saint-Cloud

Saint-Cloud is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.

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Salerno

Salerno is a city and comune in Campania (south-western Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name.

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Samuel Pepys Cockerell

Samuel Pepys Cockerell (1753–1827) was an English architect.

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Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (21 October 1772 – 25 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets.

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Samuel Wale

Samuel Wale (1721? – 1786) was an English historical painter and book illustrator.

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San Petronio Basilica

The Basilica of San Petronio is the main church of Bologna, Emilia Romagna, northern Italy.

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Sant'Agnese fuori le mura

The church of Saint Agnes Outside the Walls (Sant'Agnese fuori le mura) is a titulus church, minor basilica in Rome, on a site sloping down from the Via Nomentana, which runs north-east out of the city, still under its ancient name.

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Santo Spirito, Florence

The Basilica of Santa Maria del Santo Spirito ("St. Mary of the Holy Spirit") is a church in Florence, Italy.

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Sarcophagus

A sarcophagus (plural, sarcophagi; sarcophaguses) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and displayed above ground, though it may also be buried.

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Saxlingham

Saxlingham is a village that is located in the civil parish of Field Dalling in the English county of Norfolk.

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Sèvres

Sèvres is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France.

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Schaffhausen

Schaffhausen (Schafuuse; Schaffhouse; Sciaffusa; Schaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 34,587.

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Sculpture

Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.

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Segesta

Segesta (Egesta; Siggésta) was one of the major cities of the Elymian people, one of the three indigenous peoples of Sicily.

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Selinunte

Selinunte (Σελινοῦς, Selinous; Selinūs) was an ancient Greek city on the south-western coast of Sicily in Italy.

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Seti I

Menmaatre Seti I (or Sethos I as in Greek) was a pharaoh of the New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt, the son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre, and the father of Ramesses II.

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Shakespeare's Birthplace

Shakespeare's Birthplace is a restored 16th-century half-timbered house situated in Henley Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England, where it is believed that William Shakespeare was born in 1564 and spent his childhood years.

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Shotesham

Shotesham is a village in South Norfolk which lies approximately 5 miles south of Norwich.

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Shrewsbury

Shrewsbury is the county town of Shropshire, England.

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Shropshire

Shropshire (or; alternatively Salop;Blandings: English Counties – broken link abbreviated, in print only, Shrops) is a county in the West Midlands of England.

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Sicily

Sicily (Sicilia, Old Norse: Sikiley) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy officially referred to as Regione Sicilia.

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Siena

Siena (in English sometimes spelled Sienna) is a city in Tuscany, Italy.

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Sir John Soane's Museum

Sir John Soane's Museum was formerly the home of the neo-classical architect Sir John Soane.

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Skylight

Skylights are light transmitting fenestration (elements filling building envelope openings) forming all, or a portion of, the roof of a building's space for daylighting purposes.

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Society of Antiquaries of London

The Society of Antiquaries of London (SAL) is a learned society "charged by its Royal Charter of 1751 with 'the encouragement, advancement and furtherance of the study and knowledge of the antiquities and history of this and other countries'." It is based at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London (a building owned by the UK government), and is a registered charity.

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Somerset

Somerset is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.

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Sorrento

Sorrento (Neapolitan: Surriento) is a town overlooking the Bay of Naples in Southern Italy.

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South Hill Park

South Hill Park is a site that lies in the Birch Hill estate to the south of Bracknell town centre, in Berkshire, England.

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Southwark

Southwark is a district of Central London and part of the London Borough of Southwark.

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Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom)

The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.

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Splügen Pass

The Splügen Pass (German: Splügenpass; Italian: Passo dello Spluga; el. 2,115 m) is a high mountain pass which marks the boundary between the Lepontine and Rhaetian Alps, respectively part of the Western and Eastern Alps.

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St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury

St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury occupies a prominent position in the county town of Shropshire.

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St James's Palace

St James's Palace is the official residence of the sovereign and the most senior royal palace in the United Kingdom.

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St John on Bethnal Green

St John on Bethnal Green is an early 19th-century church near Bethnal Green, London, England.

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St Pancras Old Church

St Pancras Old Church is a Church of England parish church in Somers Town, central London.

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St Peter's Church, Walworth

St Peter's Church is an Anglican parish church in Walworth, London, in the Woolwich Episcopal Area of the Anglican Diocese of Southwark.

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Stained glass

The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.

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Stairs

A stairway, staircase, stairwell, flight of stairs, or simply stairs is a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.

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Stowe House

Stowe House is a Grade I listed country house located in Stowe, Buckinghamshire, England.

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Stratford-upon-Avon

Stratford-upon-Avon is a market town in Warwickshire, England, on the River Avon, south east of Birmingham and south west of Warwick.

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Studley Royal Park

Studley Royal Park including the ruins of Fountains Abbey is a designated World Heritage Site in North Yorkshire, England.

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Surveying

Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them.

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Syracuse, Sicily

Syracuse (Siracusa,; Sarausa; Syrācūsae; Συράκουσαι, Syrakousai; medieval Συρακοῦσαι) is a historic city in Sicily, the capital of the province of Syracuse.

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Taormina

Taormina (Sicilian: Taurmina, Ταυρομένιον Tauromenion, Latin: Tauromenium, طبرمين Ṭabarmīn) is a comune and small town on the east coast of the island of Sicily, Italy, in the Province of Messina, about midway between Messina and Catania, located 206 meters above the sea level on a hillside of monte Tauro, one of the last peaks of the mounts Peloritani.

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Teatro della Pergola

The Teatro della Pergola is a historic opera house in Florence, Italy.

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Teatro di San Carlo

The Real Teatro di San Carlo (Royal Theatre of Saint Charles), its original name under the Bourbon monarchy but known today as simply the Teatro di San Carlo, is an opera house in Naples, Italy.

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Temple of Artemis

The Temple of Artemis or Artemision (Ἀρτεμίσιον, Artemis Tapınağı), also known less precisely as the Temple of Diana, was a Greek temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis and is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

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Temple of Vesta, Tivoli

The "Temple of Vesta" is a Roman temple in Tivoli, Italy, dating to the early 1st century BC.

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The Blitz

The Blitz (shortened from German Blitzkrieg, "lightning war") was the period of sustained strategic bombing of the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.

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The Iron Bridge

The Iron Bridge is a bridge that crosses the River Severn in Shropshire, England.

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The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman

The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman (or, more briefly, Tristram Shandy) is a humorous novel by Laurence Sterne.

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The Royal Opera

The Royal Opera is a company based in central London, resident at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.

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The Times

The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London.

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Thomas Banks

Thomas Banks (December 29, 1735 – February 2, 1805) was an important 18th-century English sculptor.

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Thomas Bowdler

Thomas Bowdler, LRCP, FRS (11 July 1754 – 24 February 1825) was an English physician and philanthropist, best known for publishing The Family Shakspeare, an expurgated edition of William Shakespeare's work, edited by his sister Henrietta Maria Bowdler, intended to be more appropriate for 19th century women and children than the original.

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Thomas Hardwick

Thomas Hardwick (1752–1829) was a British architect and a founding member of the Architects' Club in 1791.

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Thomas Harrison (architect)

Thomas Harrison (7 August (baptised) 1744 – 29 March 1829) was an English architect and bridge engineer who trained in Rome, where he studied classical architecture.

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Thomas Jones (artist)

Thomas Jones (26 September 1742 – 29 April 1803) was a Welsh landscape painter.

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Thomas Lawrence

Sir Thomas Lawrence PRA FRS (13 April 1769 – 7 January 1830) was a leading English portrait painter and president of the Royal Academy. Lawrence was a child prodigy. He was born in Bristol and began drawing in Devizes, where his father was an innkeeper. At the age of ten, having moved to Bath, he was supporting his family with his pastel portraits. At eighteen he went to London and soon established his reputation as a portrait painter in oils, receiving his first royal commission, a portrait of Queen Charlotte, in 1790. He stayed at the top of his profession until his death, aged 60, in 1830. Self-taught, he was a brilliant draughtsman and known for his gift of capturing a likeness, as well as his virtuoso handling of paint. He became an associate of the Royal Academy in 1791, a full member in 1794, and president in 1820. In 1810 he acquired the generous patronage of the Prince Regent, was sent abroad to paint portraits of allied leaders for the Waterloo chamber at Windsor Castle, and is particularly remembered as the Romantic portraitist of the Regency. Lawrence's love affairs were not happy (his tortuous relationships with Sally and Maria Siddons became the subject of several books) and, in spite of his success, he spent most of life deep in debt. He never married. At his death, Lawrence was the most fashionable portrait painter in Europe. His reputation waned during Victorian times, but has since been partially restored.

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Thomas Leverton Donaldson

Thomas Leverton Donaldson (19 October 1795 – 1 August 1885) was a British architect, notable as a pioneer in architectural education, as a co-founder and President of the Royal Institute of British Architects and a winner of the RIBA Royal Gold Medal.

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Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron Camelford

Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron Camelford (3 March 1737 – 19 January 1793) was a British politician and connoisseur of art.

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Thomas Sandby

Thomas Sandby (1721 – 25 June 1798) was an English draughtsman, watercolour artist, architect and teacher.

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Threadneedle Street

Threadneedle Street is a street in the City of London, between Bishopsgate at its northeast end and Bank junction in the southwest.

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Tintern Abbey

Tintern Abbey (Abaty Tyndyrn) was founded by Walter de Clare, Lord of Chepstow, on 9 May 1131.

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Torquato Tasso

Torquato Tasso (11 March 1544 – 25 April 1595) was an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem La Gerusalemme liberata (Jerusalem Delivered, 1581), in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the siege of Jerusalem.

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Trapani

Trapani (Tràpani; Drepanon, Δρέπανον) is a city and comune on the west coast of Sicily in Italy.

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Trust law

A trust is a relationship whereby property is held by one party for the benefit of another.

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Tuileries Palace

The Tuileries Palace (Palais des Tuileries) was a royal and imperial palace in Paris which stood on the right bank of the River Seine.

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Tyringham

Tyringham is a village in the Borough of Milton Keynes and ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire, England.

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Tyringham Hall

Tyringham Hall, (/ˈtiːrɪŋəm/) is a Grade I listed stately home, originally designed by Sir John Soane in 1792.

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Uffizi

The Uffizi Gallery ('Galleria degli Uffizi') is an art museum in Italy.

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University of Cambridge

The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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Urn

An urn is a vase, ordinarily covered, that usually has a narrowed neck above a footed pedestal.

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Uxbridge

Uxbridge is a town in west London, England, and the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Hillingdon.

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Valletta

Valletta is the capital city of Malta, colloquially known as Il-Belt (The City) in Maltese.

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Velletri

Velletri (Velitrae) is an Italian town of 53,829 inhabitants.

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Venice

Venice (Venezia; alternative obsolete form: Vinegia; Venetian: Venèxia; Venetiae; Benetke) is a city in northeastern Italy sited on a group of 118 small islands separated by canals and linked by bridges.

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Verona

Verona (Venetian: Verona, Veròna) is a city straddling the Adige river in Veneto, northern Italy, with approximately 265,000 inhabitants and one of the seven chef-lieus of the region.

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Vestibule (architecture)

A vestibule is an anteroom (antechamber) or small foyer leading into a larger space, such as a lobby, entrance hall, passage, etc., for the purpose of waiting, withholding the larger space view, reducing heat loss, providing space for outwear, etc.

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Vicenza

Vicenza is a city in northeastern Italy.

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Victoria and Albert Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A), London, is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4.5 million objects.

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Victory column

A victory column—or monumental column or triumphal column—is a monument in the form of a column, erected in memory of a victorious battle, war, or revolution.

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Vignola

Vignola is a city and comune in the province of Modena (Emilia-Romagna), Italy.

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Villa Albani

The Villa Albani (later Villa Albani-Torlonia) in Rome was built at the Via Salaria for Cardinal Alessandro Albani, nephew of Pope Clement XI, between 1747 and 1767 by the architect Carlo Marchionni.

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Villa Farnese

The Villa Farnese, also known as Villa Caprarola, is a mansion in the town of Caprarola in the province of Viterbo, Northern Lazio, Italy, approximately 50 kilometres north-west of Rome.

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Villa Lante

Villa Lante at Bagnaia is a Mannerist garden of surprise near Viterbo, central Italy, attributed to Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola). The villa is known as the "Villa Lante". However, it did not become known as this until the villa was passed to Ippolito Lante Montefeltro della Rovere, Duke of Bomarzo, in the 17th century, when it was already 100 years old. The Villa, a property of the Republic of Italy, since December 2014's run by the Polo Museale del Lazio.

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Villa Palagonia

The Villa Palagonia is a patrician villa in Bagheria, 15 km from Palermo, in Sicily, southern Italy.

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Vincennes

Vincennes is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.

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Vitruvius

Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (born c. 80–70 BC, died after c. 15 BC), commonly known as Vitruvius, was a Roman author, architect, civil engineer and military engineer during the 1st century BC, known for his multi-volume work entitled De Architectura.

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Voltaire

François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.

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Vulgate

The Vulgate is a late fourth-century Latin translation of the Bible that became, during the 16th century, the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible.

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Walpole Society

The Walpole Society, named after Horace Walpole, was formed in 1911 to promote the study of the history of British art.

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Warwick Castle

Warwick Castle is a medieval castle developed from an original built by William the Conqueror in 1068.

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Westminster

Westminster is an area of central London within the City of Westminster on the north bank of the River Thames.

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Wettingen

Wettingen (Swiss German: Wettigä) is a residential community in the district of Baden in the Swiss canton of Aargau.

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Whitehall

Whitehall is a road in the City of Westminster, in central London, which forms the first part of the A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea.

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Whitley, Coventry

Whitley is a suburb of southern Coventry in the West Midlands of England.

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William Chambers (architect)

Sir William Chambers (23 February 1723 – 10 March 1796) was a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London.

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William Cobbett

William Cobbett (9 March 1763 – 18 June 1835) was an English pamphleteer, farmer and journalist, who was born in Farnham, Surrey.

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William Hogarth

William Hogarth (10 November 1697 – 26 October 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art.

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William IV of the United Kingdom

William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death.

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William Pitt the Younger

William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a British politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English:poet,:playwright, actor and an Italophile, who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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William Thomas Beckford

William Thomas Beckford (1 October 1760 – 2 May 1844), usually known as William Beckford, was an English novelist, a profligate and consummately knowledgeable art collector and patron of works of decorative art, a critic, travel writer and sometime politician, reputed at one stage in his life to be the richest commoner in England.

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Wimpole Estate

Wimpole Estate is a large estate containing Wimpole Hall, a country house located within the Parish of Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, England, about southwest of Cambridge.

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Window

A window is an opening in a wall, door, roof or vehicle that allows the passage of light and, if not closed or sealed, air and sound.

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Wirral Peninsula

Wirral or the Wirral is a peninsula in North West England.

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Witney

Witney is a town on the River Windrush, west of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.

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Wokefield Park

Wokefield Park is an 18th-century country house, now an events venue with golf course, spa, high ropes course and many other facilities, situated in the parish of Wokefield, near Mortimer, in the English county of Berkshire.

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Woodstock, Oxfordshire

Woodstock is a market town and civil parish northwest of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.

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Wotton House

Wotton House, or Wotton, in Wotton Underwood (Buckinghamshire, UK), was built between 1704 and 1714, to a design very similar to that of the contemporary version of Buckingham House.

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Wrexham

Wrexham (Wrecsam) is a town in north Wales.

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Zürich

Zürich or Zurich (Zürich, Swiss German: Züri, Zurich, Zurigo, Turitg) is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.

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10 Downing Street

10 Downing Street, colloquially known in the United Kingdom as "Number 10", is the headquarters of the executive branch of the British Government and the official residence and office of the First Lord of the Treasury, a post which, for much of the 18th and 19th centuries and ever since 1905, is also held by the Prime Minister.

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11 Downing Street

11 Downing Street (commonly known as Number 11), is the official residence of Britain's Second Lord of the Treasury who is formally recognised as the Chancellor of the Exchequer.

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Redirects here:

Sir John Soane.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Soane

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