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July 4

The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date. [1]

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Expand index (810 more) »

ABKCO Records

ABKCO Music & Records, Inc. (ABKCO acronym of Allen & Betty Klein and COmpany) is a major independent record label, music publisher, and film and video production company.

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Abkhazia

Abkhazia (Аҧсны́; აფხაზეთი; Абхазия) is a partially recognised state controlled by a separatist government on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus.

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Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures.

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Adam Hart-Davis

Adam John Hart-Davis (born 4 July 1943) is an English polymath, comprising scientist, author, photographer, historian and broadcaster, well known in the UK for presenting the BBC television series Local Heroes and What the Romans Did for Us, the latter spawning several spin-off series involving the Victorians, the Tudors, the Stuarts and the Ancients.

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Adrian Adonis

Keith A. Franke (September 12, 1954 – July 4, 1988) was an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, "Adorable" Adrian Adonis.

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Adrian Griffin

Adrian Darnell Griffin (born July 4, 1974) is a retired American professional basketball player and current assistant coach for the Orlando Magic of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

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African American

African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Air France

Air France (formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France, (north of Paris).

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Ak Hafiy Tajuddin Rositi

Ak Hafiy Tajuddin Rositi (أك حافي تجدين روستي; born 4 July 1991) is a Bruneian runner.

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Al Davis

Allen "Al" Davis (July 4, 1929 – October 8, 2011) was an American football coach and executive.

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Al Golden (American football)

Alfred James Golden (born July 4, 1969) is the head football coach at the University of Miami, a position he has held since December 2010.

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Alabama

Alabama is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Alan Alan

Alan Alan (born Alan Rabinowitz, November 1926 – 4 July 2014) was a British escapologist and magician.

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Alan Seeger

Alan Seeger (22 June 1888 – 4 July 1916) was an American poet who fought and died in World War I during the Battle of the Somme serving in the French Foreign Legion.

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Alan Wilson (musician)

Alan Christie Wilson (July 4, 1943 – September 3, 1970) was a co-founder, leader, and primary composer for the American blues band Canned Heat.

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Alfredo Di Stéfano

Alfredo Stéfano Di Stéfano Laulhé (4 July 1926 – 7 July 2014) was an Argentine-Spanish footballer and coach, widely regarded by FIFA and worldwide as one the greatest players of all time, and by some as the greatest footballer ever in the history of the game.

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Alice Liddell

Alice Pleasance Liddell (4 May 1852 – 16 November 1934) inspired the children's classic Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), when she asked him to tell her a story on a boating trip in Oxford.

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Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll.

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Allegheny Mountains

The Allegheny Mountain Range —also spelled Alleghany, Allegany and, informally, the Alleghenies—is part of the vast Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States and Canada where it posed a significant barrier to land travel in less technologically advanced eras.

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Allen Klein

Allen Klein (December 18, 1931 – July 4, 2009) was an American businessman, music publisher, writer's representative, filmmaker and record label executive, most noted for his tough persona and aggressive, innovative negotiation tactics, many of which established higher industry standards for compensating recording artists.

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Alluri Sitarama Raju

Alluri Sitarama Raju (4-July 1897 – died 7 May 1924) (also known as Alluri Rampa Rama Raju, Rama Chandra Raju, and Alluri Seetharama Raju) was an Indian revolutionary involved in the independence movement.

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Alyssa Miller

Alyssa Elaine Miller (born July 4, 1989) is an American fashion model.

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Amantle Montsho

Amantle Montsho (born July 4, 1983) is a female sprinter from Botswana who specializes in the 400 metres.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.

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American Revolution

The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, and founded the United States of America.

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American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the American War of Independence, or simply the Revolutionary War in the United States, was the armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its former North American colonies, which had declared themselves the independent United States of America.

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease and Charcot disease, is a specific disorder that involves the death of neurons.

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André Claveau

André Claveau (17 December 1911 – 4 July 2003) was a popular singer in France from the 1940s to the 1960s.

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Andre Spitzer

Andre Spitzer (4 July 1945 – 6 September 1972), was a fencing master and coach of Israel's 1972 Summer Olympics team.

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Andrea Gabriel

Andrea Gabriel (born July 4, 1978) is an American actress.

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Andrew Mrotek

Andrew Mrotek (aka Andy "The Butcher" Mrotek) (born July 4, 1983) is the former drummer and backup vocalist for the rock band The Academy Is....

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Andrew of Crete

For the martyr of 766 of the same name, see Andrew of Crete (martyr). Saint Andrew of Crete (Ἀνδρέας Κρήτης, c. 650 – July 4, 712 or 726 or 740), also known as Andrew of Jerusalem, was an 8th-century bishop, theologian, homilist, and hymnographer.

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Andy Creeggan

Andrew Burnett "Andy" Creeggan (born July 4, 1971) is the former piano player, percussionist and occasional guitarist for the Canadian alternative rock band Barenaked Ladies from 1990–95.

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Andy Walker (journalist)

Andy Walker (born July 4, 1967) is a Canadian television personality and journalist.

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Angela Baddeley

Angela Baddeley, CBE (4 July 1904 – 22 February 1976) was an English stage and television actress, best-remembered for her role as household cook Mrs.

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Angelique Boyer

Angelique Boyer, born Angélique Monique-Paulette Boyer Rousseau, on July 4, 1988, is a French-born Mexican actress.

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Anglo-Zulu War

The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom.

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Anjelika Krylova

Anjelika Alexeyevna Krylova (Анжелика Алексеевна Крылова; born 4 July 1973) is a Russian retired ice dancer.

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Antoine Daniel

Saint Antoine Daniel (May 27, 1601 – July 4, 1648) was a Jesuit missionary at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, and one of the eight Canadian Martyrs.

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Antoni Łomnicki

Antoni Marian Łomnicki (17 January 1881 – 4 July 1941) was a Polish mathematician.

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Antoni Słonimski

Antoni Słonimski (15 November 1895 – 4 July 1976) was a Polish poet, journalist, playwright and prose writer, president of the Union of Polish Writers in 1956–1959 during the Polish October, known for his devotion to social justice.

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Arabs

Arabs (عرب, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.

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Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

Franz Ferdinand (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.

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Armor for Sleep

Armor for Sleep was an American rock band from New Jersey, formed in 2001 and disbanded in 2009.

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Army of Northern Virginia

The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War, as well as the primary command structure of the Department of Northern Virginia.

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Art Sansom

Arthur B. Sansom (September 16, 1920 – July 4, 1991), better known as Art Sansom, was an American comic strip cartoonist who created the long-running comic strip The Born Loser.

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Ashikaga Yoshiakira

was the 2nd shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1358 to 1367 during the Muromachi period of Japan.

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Astor Piazzolla

Ástor Pantaleón Piazzolla (March 11, 1921 – July 4, 1992) was an Argentine tango composer, bandoneon player and arranger.

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August 21

No description.

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August Derleth

August William Derleth (February 24, 1909 – July 4, 1971) was an American writer and anthologist.

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Aurèle Vandendriessche

Aurèle Vandendriessche (born 4 July 1932 in Anzegem, West-Vlaanderen) is a retired marathon runner from Belgium, who won the silver medal at the 1962 European Championships, behind Great Britain's Brian Kilby.

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Australian Corps

The Australian Corps was a World War I army corps that contained all five Australian infantry divisions serving on the Western Front.

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Axis powers

The Axis powers (Achsenmächte, 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku, Potenze dell'Asse), also known as the Axis, were the nations that fought in the Second World War against the Allied forces.

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Álvaro Uribe

Álvaro Uribe Vélez 'Paraco Vélez' (born 4 July 1952) is a Colombian politician who served as the 31st President of Colombia from 2002 to 2010.

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Élisée Reclus

Élisée Reclus (15 March 1830 – 4 July 1905), also known as Jacques Élisée Reclus, was a renowned French geographer, writer and anarchist.

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Émile Mpenza

Eka Basunga Lokonda "Émile" Mpenza (born 4 July 1978) is a Belgian former footballer who played as a striker.

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Ömer Aşık

Ömer Faruk Aşık (born July 4, 1986) is a Turkish professional basketball player who currently plays for the New Orleans Pelicans of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

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Babymetal

Babymetal (stylized as BABYMETAL) is a Japanese metal idol band.

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Backer Aloenouvo

Backer Aloenouvo (born July 4, 1990 in Masséda) is a Togolese footballer, who currently plays for Tunisian club Stade Gabèsien.

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Bad English

Bad English was an American/British hard rock supergroup formed in 1987, reuniting keyboardist Jonathan Cain from Journey with singer John Waite and bassist Ricky Phillips, his former bandmates in The Babys.

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Bandoneon

The bandoneon (or bandonion, bandoneón) is a type of concertina particularly popular in Argentina, Uruguay, and Lithuania.

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Barış Akarsu

Barış Akarsu (June 29, 1979 – July 4, 2007) was a Turkish rock musician and actor who rose to fame after winning the television series Akademi Türkiye (Academy Turkey) in July 2004.

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Barenaked Ladies

Barenaked Ladies (often abbreviated BNL or occasionally BnL) is a Canadian rock band.

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Barnett Newman

Barnett Newman (January 29, 1905 – July 4, 1970) was an American artist.

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Barry White

Barry White (born Barry Eugene Carter; –) was an American composer and singer-songwriter.

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Barry Windham

Barry Clinton Windham (born July 4, 1960) is an American semi-retired professional wrestler and the son of wrestler Blackjack Mulligan.

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Baseball

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of nine players each who take turns batting and fielding.

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Basim (singer)

Anis Basim Moujahid (born 4 July 1992), better known as Basim, is a Danish pop singer and songwriter.

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Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.

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Battle of Hamel

The Battle of Hamel (4 July 1918) was a successful attack launched by the Australian Corps of the Australian Imperial Force and several American units against German positions in and around the town of Le Hamel in northern France during World War I. The battle was planned and commanded by Lieutenant General John Monash (later knighted).

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Battle of Hattin

The Battle of Hattin took place on July 3 and 4, 1187, between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the forces of the Kurdish Ayyubid sultan Salah ad-Din, known in the West as Saladin.

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Battle of Helena

The Battle of Helena was a land battle of the American Civil War fought on July 4, 1863, at Helena, Arkansas.

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Battle of Klushino

The Battle of Klushino, or the Battle of Kłuszyn was fought on 4 July 1610, between forces of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Tsardom of Russia during the Polish–Muscovite War, part of Russia's Time of Troubles.

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Battle of Kursk

The Battle of Kursk was a Second World War engagement between German and Soviet forces on the Eastern Front near Kursk (south-west of Moscow) in the Soviet Union during July and August 1943.

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Battle of Mantinea (362 BC)

The Battle of Mantinea was fought on July 4 362 BC between the Thebans, led by Epaminondas and supported by the Arcadians and the Boeotian league against the Spartans, led by King Agesilaus II and supported by the Eleans, Athenians, and Mantineans.

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BBMak

BBMak (Barry, Burns, McNally) was a English pop group consisting of Mark Barry, Christian Burns and Stephen McNally.

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Beast (South Korean band)

Beast (Korean: 비스트; stylized as BEAST or B2ST) is a six-member boy band from South Korea, formed in 2009 by Cube Entertainment.

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Becki Newton

Rebecca Sara "Becki" Newton (born July 4, 1978) is an American actress, known for her roles as Amanda Tanen on Ugly Betty and Quinn Garvey on How I Met Your Mother.

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Ben Jorgensen

Ben Jorgensen (born July 4, 1983) is an American musician, best known as the lead singer and guitarist of the rock band Armor for Sleep.

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Benjamin Büchel

Benjamin Büchel (born 4 July 1989) is a Liechtenstein international footballer who plays for English club Oxford United, as a goalkeeper.

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Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.

Benjamin Oliver Davis Jr. (December 18, 1912 – July 4, 2002) was an American United States Air Force general and commander of the World War II Tuskegee Airmen.

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Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg

Lieutenant General Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg & Three Bars (21 March 1889 – 4 July 1963) was a British-born soldier and Victoria Cross recipient, who later served as the seventh Governor-General of New Zealand from 1946 to 1952.

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Bernie Nolan

Bernadette Therese Nolan (17 October 1960 – 4 July 2013) was an Irish born actress, singer and television personality, formerly lead vocalist of the girl group The Nolans.

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Bertha of Artois

Saint Bertha of Artois or Saint Bertha of Blangy (mid 7th century - July 4, 725) was a Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Abbess of noble blood.

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Bill Pinkney

Bill Pinkney (August 15, 1925 – July 4, 2007) was an American performer and singer.

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Bill Tilghman

William Matthew "Bill" Tilghman, Jr. (July 4, 1854 – November 1, 1924) was a lawman and gunfighter in the American Old West.

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Bill Tuttle

William Robert Tuttle (July 4, 1929 – July 27, 1998) was a center fielder for three teams during his Major League Baseball career; the Detroit Tigers from 1952 to 1957, the Kansas City Athletics from 1958 to 1961, and the Minnesota Twins from 1961 to 1963.

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Bill Withers

William Harrison "Bill" Withers, Jr. (born July 4, 1938) is an American singer-songwriter and musician who performed and recorded from 1970 until 1985.

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Bipolar junction transistor

|- align.

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Birmingham

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

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Bob Ross

Robert Norman "Bob" Ross (October 29, 1942 – July 4, 1995) was an American painter, art instructor, and television host.

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Bolsheviks

The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from большинство bol'shinstvo, "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority") were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.

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Bona Arsenault

Bona Arsenault, (October 4, 1903 – July 4, 1993) was a Canadian historian, genealogist and a federal and provincial politician.

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Boston (band)

Boston is an American rock band from Boston, Massachusetts, that achieved their most notable successes during the 1970s and 1980s.

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Boxing

Boxing is a martial art and combat sport in which two people throw punches at each other, usually with gloved hands.

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Brenda Joyce (actress)

Brenda Joyce (February 25, 1917 – July 4, 2009) was an American film actress.

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Brendan Donnelly

Brendan Kevin Donnelly (born July 4, 1971) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher.

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Brian Willson

S.

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British Columbia

British Columbia, also commonly referred to by its initials BC, is a province located on the west coast of Canada.

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Brock Berlin

Brock Sterling Berlin (born July 4, 1981) is an American former college and professional football player who was a quarterback in the National Football League (NFL).

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Brooklyn

Brooklyn is the most populous of New York City's five boroughs, with a Census-estimated 2,621,793 people in 2014.

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Bruce Hamilton (public servant)

Leslie Bruce Hamilton (4 July 191112 June 1989) was a senior Australian public servant and head of the Department of Social Services (later Social Security) between 1966 and 1973.

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Bryan Coleman

Bryan Coleman (1911–2005) was a British film actor and television actor.

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Buddie Petit

Buddie Petit or Buddy Petit (ca. 1890? – 4 July 1931) was a highly regarded early jazz cornetist.

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Burning of the Riga synagogues

The burning of the Riga synagogues occurred in 1941, during the first days of the World War II Nazi German occupation of the city of Riga, the capital and largest city in the country of Latvia.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

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C. J. Henderson

Chris "C.J." Henderson (December 26, 1951 – July 4, 2014) was an American writer of horror, hardboiled crime fiction and comic books.

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Calendar of saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.

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Calvin Coolidge

John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).

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Canadian Club

Canadian Club is a brand of whisky from Canada.

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Canned Heat

Canned Heat is an American blues/boogie rock band that formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1965.

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Canonization

Canonization (in American English and Oxford spelling) or canonisation (in British English) is the act by which the Orthodox, Oriental Orthodoxy, Roman Catholic, or Anglican Church declares that a person who has died was a saint, upon which declaration the person is included in the canon, or list, of recognized saints.

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Carl Valentine

Carl Howard Valentine (born July 4, 1958) is a former professional soccer player and coach who has had a long association with soccer in the Vancouver area (British Columbia, Canada).

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Carlo de Gavardo

Carlo Alberto de Gavardo Prohens (14 July 1969 – 4 July 2015) was a Chilean motorist and motorcyclist who participated in numerous rallies worldwide, including the Dakar Rally and Rallye des Pharaons.

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Carnal Forge

Carnal Forge are a Swedish band, best classified as thrash metal with some melodic death metal influences.

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Carrie Keagan

Carrie Keagan (born July 4, 1980) is a Buffalo-born television personality, actress, writer and producer, known as the host of Up Close with Carrie Keagan, Big Morning Buzz Live on VH1 and for her appearances as a panelist on Fox News Channel's Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld, the E! talk show Chelsea Lately, Vh1 Classic's Rock 'n' Roll Fantasy Camp and her numerous hosting duties for E!, VH1 and G4's Attack of the Show!.

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Catherine Jarrige

Blessed Catherine Jarrige (4 October 1754 – 4 July 1836), known as Catinon Menette, a beatified third-order Dominican of the Catholic Church.

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Centinex

Centinex is a Swedish death metal band formed in 1990.

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CERN

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name "Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire"; see ''History'') is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.

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Cetshwayo kaMpande

Cetshwayo kaMpande (c. 1826 – 8 February 1884) was the King of the Zulu Kingdom from 1872 to 1879 and its leader during the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879.

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Charles A. Hines

Charles Alfonso Hines (September 4, 1935 – July 4, 2013) was an American Army Major General, university administrator, and sociology professor.

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Charles I of Austria

Charles I of Austria or Charles IV of Hungary (Karl Franz Joseph Ludwig Hubert Georg Otto Marie; 17 August 18871 April 1922) was, among other titles, the last ruler of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

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Charles Kuralt

Charles Kuralt (September 10, 1934 – July 4, 1997) was an American journalist.

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Charles Wheeler (journalist)

Sir Selwyn Charles Cornelius-Wheeler CMG (15 March 1923 – 4 July 2008), known as Charles Wheeler, was a British journalist and broadcaster.

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Chief Justice of the United States

The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the United States federal court system (the judicial branch of the federal government of the United States) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States.

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Chloe Jasmine

Chloe Jasmine (born Chloe-Jasmine Whichello; 4 July 1991) is an English singer and model.

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Christian Fürchtegott Gellert

Christian Fürchtegott Gellert (4 July 1715 – 13 December 1769) was a German poet, one of the forerunners of the golden age of German literature that was ushered in by Lessing.

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Christian Giesler

Christian "Speesy" Giesler (born 4 July 1970) is the current bass guitar player for Kreator.

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Chuck Tanner

Charles William "Chuck" Tanner (July 4, 1928February 11, 2011) was a left fielder and manager in Major League Baseball.

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Chulabhorn Walailak

Princess Chulabhorn Walailak (จุฬาภรณวลัยลักษณ์;;; born 4 July 1957, Bangkok) or Chulabhorn Mahidol is a princess of Thailand, the youngest daughter of King Rama IX and Queen Sirikit.

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Cle Kooiman

Christopher Clemence "Cle" Kooiman (born July 3, 1963) is a retired American soccer defender.

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Cliff Goupille

Joseph Emilien Clifford "Red" Goupille (September 2, 1915 – July 4, 2005) was a professional ice hockey player who played 222 games in the National Hockey League.

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Clyde Kennard

Clyde Kennard (June 12, 1927July 4, 1963) was an American civil rights pioneer and martyr from Hattiesburg, Mississippi, and a Korean War veteran.

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Colin Welland

Colin Welland (born 4 July 1934) is a British actor and screenwriter.

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Comet

A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, heats up and begins to outgas, displaying a visible atmosphere or coma, and sometimes also a tail.

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Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was a confederation of secessionist American states existing from 1861 to 1865.

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Conny Bauer

Konrad "Conny" Bauer (born 4 July 1943 in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany) is a free jazz trombonist.

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Consolidated B-24 Liberator

The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California.

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Crab Nebula

The Crab Nebula (catalogue designations M1, NGC 1952, Taurus A) is a supernova remnant and pulsar wind nebula in the constellation of Taurus.

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Crimea

The Crimean Peninsula (Кры́мский полуо́стров, Кри́мський піво́стрів, Къырым ярымадасы), also known simply as Crimea (Крым, Крим, Къырым), is a major land mass on the northern coast of the Black Sea that is almost completely surrounded by water.

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Crimes against humanity

Crimes against humanity are certain acts which are committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population.

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Crusades

The Crusades were military campaigns sanctioned by the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages.

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Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Czech/Slovak: Československá socialistická republika) was the official name of Czechoslovakia from 11 July 1960 until following the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the name was changed on 23 April 1990.

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Daijiro Kato

was a Japanese Grand Prix motorcycle road racer, the 2001 250cc world champion and, 2000 and 2002 Suzuka 8 Hours winner.

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Dave Rowberry

David Eric "Dave" Rowberry (4 July 1940 – 6 June 2003) was an English piano and organ player, most known for being a member of the rock and R&B group The Animals in the 1960s.

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David Jensen

David Alan "Kid" Jensen (born 4 July 1950) is a Danish Canadian-born British radio DJ.

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David Kross

David Kross (born 4 July 1990) is a German actor.

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Dear Abby

Dear Abby is an advice column founded in 1956 by Pauline Phillips under the pen name "Abigail Van Buren" and carried on today by her daughter, Jeanne Phillips, who now owns the legal rights to the pen name.

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Dedé (Angolan footballer)

Adérito Waldemar Alves de Carvalho (born 4 July 1981 in Lobito), commonly known as Dédé, is an Angolan professional footballer who plays for S.L. Benfica (Luanda) as a midfielder.

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Deep Impact (spacecraft)

Deep Impact was a NASA space probe launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 18:47 UTC on January 12, 2005.

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Dependent territory

A dependent territory, dependent area, dependency or autonomous territory is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area.

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Dorothy Levitt

Dorothy Elizabeth Levitt, (born Elizabeth Levi; 5 January 1882, died 17 May 1922) was the first British woman racing driver, holder of the world's first water speed record, the women's world land speed record holder, and an author.

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Drake Levin

Drake Maxwell Levinshefski (August 17, 1946 – July 4, 2009) was an American musician who performed under the stage name Drake Levin.

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Duchy of Benevento

The Duchy of Benevento (after 774, Principality of Benevento) was the southernmost Lombard duchy in the Italian peninsula, centered on Benevento, a city in Southern Italy.

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Duchy of Naples

The Duchy of Naples (Ducatus Neapolitanus, Ducato di Napoli) began as a Byzantine province that was constituted in the seventh century, in the reduced coastal lands that the Lombards had not conquered during their invasion of Italy in the sixth century.

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Dumas (musician)

Dumas (born as Steve Dumas on July 4, 1979) is a Canadian singer and a native of Victoriaville, Quebec.

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Earl Robinson (baseball)

Earl John Robinson (November 3, 1936 – July 4, 2014) was an outfielder in Major League Baseball who played from 1958 to 1964 with the Los Angeles Dodgers and Baltimore Orioles.

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Earth Opera

Earth Opera was an American psychedelic rock group, active during 1967-1969 and featuring Peter Rowan and David Grisman.

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Ecgberht of Kent

Ecgberht (or Egbert) (died 4 July 673) was a King of Kent (sometimes called Egbert I) who ruled from 664 to 673, succeeding his father Eorcenberht.

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Ed O'Ross

Ed O'Ross (born July 4, 1946) is an American actor known for his work as Itchy in Dick Tracy, Colonel Perry in Universal Soldier, ruthless Georgian mobster Viktor Rostavili in Red Heat, and police detective Cliff Willis in The Hidden.

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Election of Christian III

The election of Christian III as king of Denmark and Norway on 4 July 1534 was a landmark event for all of Denmark and Norway.

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Elie Saab

Elie Saab (Arabic: إيلي صعب) (born 4 July 1964), sometimes known simply as 'ES', is a Lebanese fashion designer.

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Elizabeth of Aragon

Elizabeth of Aragon, more commonly known as Elizabeth of Portugal, T.O.S.F. (1271 – 4 July 1336; Elisabet in Catalan, Isabel in Aragonese, Portuguese and Spanish), was queen consort of Portugal, a tertiary of the Franciscan Order and is venerated as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Elysburg, Pennsylvania

Elysburg is a census-designated place (CDP) in Ralpho Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Emerson Boozer

Emerson Boozer (born July 4, 1943) is a former running back in the American Football League and in the NFL.

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Epaminondas

Epaminondas (Ἐπαμεινώνδας, Epameinondas; d. 362 BC), was a Theban general and statesman of the 4th century BC who transformed the Ancient Greek city-state of Thebes, leading it out of Spartan subjugation into a preeminent position in Greek politics.

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Eppie Lederer

Esther Pauline "Eppie" Lederer née Friedman (July 4, 1918 – June 22, 2002), better known by the pen name Ann Landers, was an American advice columnist and eventually a nationwide media celebrity.

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Eric Sykes

Eric Sykes CBE (4 May 1923 – 4 July 2012) was an English radio, television and film writer, actor and director whose performing career spanned more than 50 years.

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Eric Walters (newsreader)

Eric Walters (4 July 1937 – 18 August 2010) was an Australian journalist, media trainer and former television presenter.

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Erie Canal

The Erie Canal is a canal in New York that originally ran about from Albany, on the Hudson River to Buffalo, at Lake Erie.

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Eva Gabor

Eva Gabor (February 11, 1919 – July 4, 1995) was a Hungarian-born American socialite and actress.

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Eva Marie Saint

Eva Marie Saint (born July 4, 1924) is an American actress and producer.

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Evelyn Keyes

Evelyn Louise Keyes (November 20, 1916 – July 4, 2008) was an American film actress.

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Fanny Valette

Fanny Valette (born 4 July 1986) is a French actress.

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Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs

The Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs (Bundesministerium für Europa, Integration und Äußeres, abbreviated BMEIA, colloquially Außenministerium) is Austria's foreign ministry.

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Flag of India

The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of deep saffron, white and India green; with the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre.

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Flag of the United States

The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States.

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Fleetwood Mac

Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band formed in July 1967, in London.

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Flor Peeters

Flor Peeters (Baron Peeters) (born 4 July 1903 in Tielen, died 4 July 1986 in Mechelen) was an important Belgian composer, organist and teacher.

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Floyd Little

Floyd Douglas Little (born July 4, 1942) is a Pro Football Hall of Fame running back, and was a three-time American football All-American running back at Syracuse University.

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Foo Fighters

Foo Fighters is an American rock band, formed in Seattle in 1994.

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Forlì

Forlì (Romagnol dialect: Furlè; Latin: Forum Livii) is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, and is the capital of the province of Forlì-Cesena.

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Fort Necessity National Battlefield

Fort Necessity National Battlefield is a National Battlefield Site in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States, which preserves the site of the Battle of Fort Necessity.

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François Brandt

François Brandt (29 December 1874 – 4 July 1949) was a Dutch rower who competed at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris.

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François-René de Chateaubriand

François-René, Vicomte de Chateaubriand (September 4, 1768 in Saint-Malo - July 4, 1848 in Paris) was a French writer, politician, diplomat, and historian, who is considered the founder of Romanticism in French literature.

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Francesco II Ordelaffi

Francesco II Ordelaffi (c. 1300–1374), also known as Cecco II, was a lord of Forlì, the son of Sinibaldo Ordelaffi (died 1337, brother of Scarpetta and Francesco) and Orestina Calboli, and the grandson of Teobaldo I Ordelaffi.

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Francis Maude

Francis Anthony Aylmer Maude, Baron Maude of Horsham, PC (born 4 July 1953) is a British politician.

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Francisco Cruceta

Francisco Alberto Cruceta (born July 4, 1981 in La Vega, Dominican Republic) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher.

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Freedom of Information Act (United States)

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA),, is a federal freedom of information law that allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government.

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French and Indian War

The French and Indian War (1754–1763) was the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War.

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Fritz Wilde

Fritz Wilde (1920–1977) was a German football player and manager.

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Frunzik Mkrtchyan

Mher Mkrtchyan (Մհեր Մկրտչյան), better known by his stage name Frunzik (Ֆրունզիկ; Фрунзик; 4 July 1930 – 29 December 1993), was a Soviet Armenian actor.

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Gaby Morlay

Gaby Morlay (born Blanche Pauline Fumoleau; 8 June 1893 – 4 July 1964) was a French film actress.

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Gackt

, better known by his stage name Gackt, is a Japanese musician, singer, songwriter and actor.

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Gérard Debreu

Gérard Debreu (4 July 1921 – 31 December 2004) was a French economist and mathematician, who also came to have United States citizenship.

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George Everest

Colonel Sir George Everest (July 4, 1790 — December 1, 1866) was a Welsh surveyor and geographer, and the Surveyor General of India from 1830 through 1843.

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George Jackson Brigade

The George Jackson Brigade, was a revolutionary group based in Seattle, Washington, which was named after George Jackson, a dissident prisoner and Black Panther member shot and killed during an alleged escape attempt at San Quentin Prison in 1971.

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George Murphy

George Lloyd Murphy (July 4, 1902 – May 3, 1992) was an American dancer, actor, and politician.

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George Rogers Clark

George Rogers Clark (November 19, 1752 – February 13, 1818) was a soldier from Virginia and the highest ranking American military officer on the northwestern frontier during the American Revolutionary War.

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George Steinbrenner

George Michael Steinbrenner III (July 4, 1930July 13, 2010) was an American businessman who was the principal owner and managing partner of Major League Baseball's New York Yankees.

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George Washington

George Washington (Contemporary records, which used the Julian calendar and the Annunciation Style of enumerating years, recorded his birth as February 11, 1731. The provisions of the British Calendar (New Style) Act 1750, implemented in 1752, altered the official British dating method to the Gregorian calendar with the start of the year on January 1 (it had been March 25). These changes resulted in dates being moved forward 11 days, and for those between January 1 and March 25, an advance of one year. For a further explanation, see: Old Style and New Style dates. –, 1799) was the first President of the United States (1789–97), the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

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Georgette Heyer

Georgette Heyer (16 August 1902 – 4 July 1974) was an English historical romance and detective fiction novelist.

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Gerald Bales

Gerald Albert Bales, (May 12, 1919 – July 4, 2002) was a Canadian organist and composer.

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Geraldo Rivera

Gerald Michael Rivera (born July 4, 1943), better known as Geraldo Rivera, is an American attorney, reporter, author, and talk show host.

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Gerda Steinhoff

Gerda Steinhoff (January 29, 1922 – July 4, 1946) born in Danzig-Langfuhr (Wrzeszcz), was a Nazi concentration camp overseer following the 1939 German invasion of Poland.

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Gersh Budker

Gersh Itskovich Budker (Герш Ицкович Будкер), also named Andrey Mikhailovich Budker, (1 May 1918 – 4 July 1977) was a Soviet physicist, specialized in nuclear physics and accelerator physics.

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Gertrude Lawrence

Gertrude Lawrence (4 July 1898 – 6 September 1952) was an English actress, singer, dancer and musical comedy performer known for her stage appearances in the West End of London and on Broadway in New York.

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Gertrude Weaver

Gertrude Weaver (née Gaines; July 4, 1898 – April 6, 2015) was an American supercentenarian.

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Gestapo

The Gestapo (abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei, "Secret State Police") was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.

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Gettysburg Campaign

The Gettysburg Campaign was a series of battles fought in June and July 1863, during the American Civil War.

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Giampiero Boniperti

Giampiero Boniperti (born 4 July 1928 in Barengo, Piedmont) is an Italian former football player who played his entire career at Juventus between 1946 and 1961.

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Gibraltar

Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean.

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Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz

Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz (Egidio Albornoz) (1310 – 23 August 1367) was a Spanish cardinal and ecclesiastical leader.

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Gina Glocksen

Gina Glocksen (born July 4, 1984) is an American singer, who was the ninth-place finisher on the sixth season of American Idol.

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Gina Lollobrigida

Luigina "Gina" Lollobrigida (born 4 July 1927) is an Italian actress, photojournalist and sculptor.

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Giorgio Faletti

Giorgio Faletti (25 November 1950 – 4 July 2014) was an Italian writer, actor, comedian and singer-songwriter.

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Giovanni Schiaparelli

Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli (14 March 1835 – 4 July 1910) was an Italian astronomer and science historian.

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Giuseppe Garibaldi

Giuseppe Garibaldi (4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general and politician who played a large role in the history of Italy.

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Gloria Stuart

Gloria Frances Stewart, known as Gloria Stuart, (July 4, 1910 – September 26, 2010) was an American actress and visual artist.

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Gordon Griffith

Gordon S. Griffith (July 4, 1907 – October 12, 1958) was an American assistant director, film producer, and one of the first child actors in the American movie industry.

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Governor-General of Grenada

The Governor-General of Grenada has been the viceroy of the Queen of Grenada since the country's independence from the United Kingdom in 1974.

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Governor-General of New Zealand

The Governor-General of New Zealand (Te Kāwana Tianara o Aotearoa) is the representative of the monarch of New Zealand, currently Queen Elizabeth II.

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Grand Junction Railway

The Grand Junction Railway (GJR) was an early railway company in the United Kingdom, which existed between 1833 and 1846 when it was amalgamated with other railways to form the London and North Western Railway.

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Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell

Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell of Oakham, (c. 1520 – 4 July 1551) was an English Peer.

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Guram Kashia

Guram Kashia (გურამ კაშია; born 4 July 1987) is a Georgian footballer who plays as a defender for Dutch Eredivisie club Vitesse and the Georgian national team.

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Gustaw Herling-Grudziński

Gustaw Herling-Grudziński (May 20, 1919 − July 4, 2000) was a Polish writer, journalist, essayist, World War II underground fighter, and political dissident abroad during the communist system in Poland.

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Guy of Lusignan

Guy of Lusignan (c. 1150 – 18 July 1194) was a Poitevin knight, son of Hugh VIII of the Lusignan dynasty.

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Guy, Count of Flanders

Guy of Dampierre (Gwijde van Dampierre) (– 7 March 1305, Compiègne) was the Count of Flanders (1251–1305) and Marquis of Namur (1268–97).

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Haj Amin al-Husseini

Mohammed Effendi Amin el-Husseini (محمد أمين الحسيني; 1897 – 4 July 1974) was a Palestinian Arab nationalist and Muslim leader in Mandatory Palestine.

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Hal Lanier

Harold Clifton Lanier (born July 4, 1942) is a former infielder, coach and manager in Major League Baseball.

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Hank Stram

Henry Louis "Hank" Stram (January 3, 1923 – July 4, 2005) was an American football coach.

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Hannah Harper

Hannah Harper (born 4 July 1982) is an English pornographic actress, director, and the April 2002 Penthouse Pet of the Month.

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Hannibal Hamlin

Hannibal Hamlin (August 27, 1809July 4, 1891) was the 15th Vice President of the United States (1861–1865), serving under President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War.

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Harold Stirling Vanderbilt

Harold Stirling Vanderbilt (July 6, 1884 – July 4, 1970) was an American railroad executive, a champion yachtsman, an innovator and champion player of contract bridge, and a member of the Vanderbilt family.

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Harvey Grant

Harvey Grant (born July 4, 1965) is a retired American National Basketball Association basketball player.

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Hayreddin Barbarossa

Hayreddin Barbarossa, or Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha (Barbaros Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa or Hızır Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the rank of Pasha and becoming the Kapudan Pasha, born Khizr or Khidr, Turkish: Hızır; c. 1478 – 4 July 1546), was an Ottoman admiral of the fleet who was born in the island of Midilli (Lesbos) and died in Constantinople (Istanbul), the Ottoman capital.

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Hòa Hảo

Đạo Hòa Hảo (Chữ Nôm: 道和好, Chinese: 和好, Hé Hǎo), also Hoahaoism, is a religious tradition, based on Buddhism, founded in 1939 by Huỳnh Phú Sổ, a native of the Mekong River Delta region of southern Vietnam.

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Henri Decoin

Henri Decoin (18 March 1890 – 4 July 1969) was a French film director and screenwriter, who directed more than 50 films between 1933 and 1964.

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Henri Leconte

Henri Leconte (born 4 July 1963) is a former French professional tennis player.

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Henrietta Swan Leavitt

Henrietta Swan Leavitt (July 4, 1868 – December 12, 1921) was an American astronomer who discovered the relation between the luminosity and the period of Cepheid variable stars.

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Henry (Hank) Sylvern

Henry "Hank" Sylvern (26 March 1908 – 4 July 1964) was born in Brooklyn, NY.

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Henry Armetta

Henry Armetta (July 4, 1888 – October 21, 1945) was a Sicilian-born American character actor who appeared in at least 150 American films, starting in silents around 1915 to 1946, when his last film was released posthumously.

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Higgs boson

The Higgs boson or Higgs particle is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics.

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Hiram Walker

Hiram Walker (July 4, 1816 – January 12, 1899) was an American entrepreneur and founder of the Hiram Walker and Sons Ltd.

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Hiren Bhattacharyya

Hiren Bhattacharyya (হীৰেন ভট্টাচাৰ্য) (28 July 1932 – 4 July 2012) was one of the best known poets working in the Assamese language.

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HIV/AIDS

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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Horace Grant

Horace Junior Grant (born July 4, 1965) is an American retired basketball player.

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House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which, like the House of Lords (the upper house), meets in the Palace of Westminster.

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Howard Taubman

Hyman Howard Taubman (July 4, 1907 – January 8, 1996) was an American music critic, theater critic, and author.

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Huỳnh Phú Sổ

Huỳnh Phú Sổ (1920–1947), popularly known as Phật thầy ("Buddha Master" in Vietnamese), was the founder of the Hòa Hảo religious tradition.

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Ihar Yasinski

Ihar Syarheyevich Yasinski (Ігар Сяргеевіч Ясінскі; Игорь Сергеевич Ясинский; born 4 July 1990) is a Belarusian professional footballer.

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Illinois campaign

The Illinois campaign (1778-1779) was a series of events during the American Revolutionary War in which a small force of Virginia militiamen led by George Rogers Clark seized control of several British posts in the Illinois country, in what is now the Midwestern United States.

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Independence Day (United States)

Independence Day of the United States, also referred to as Fourth of July or July Fourth in the U.S., is a federal holiday commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, by the Continental Congress declaring that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as a new nation, the United States of America, and no longer part of the British Empire.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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International Date Line

The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line on the surface of the Earth that runs from the north pole to the south pole and demarcates the change of one calendar day to the next.

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Internment

Internment is the imprisonment or confinement of people, commonly in large groups, without trial.

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Intolerable Acts

The Intolerable Acts was the American Patriots' name for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea party.

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INXS

INXS (pronounced "in excess") was an Australian rock band, formed as The Farriss Brothers in 1977 in Sydney, New South Wales.

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Iowa Territory

The Territory of Iowa was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1838, until December 28, 1846, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Iowa.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Iranian diplomats kidnapping (1982)

Three Iranian diplomats and one Iranian photographer disappeared in Lebanon during the invasion of Lebanon.

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Iroquois

The Iroquois, also known as the Haudenosaunee, are a historically powerful and important northeast Native American confederacy.

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Irving Caesar

Irving Caesar (July 4, 1895 – December 18, 1996) was an American lyricist and theater composer who wrote lyrics for numerous song standards including "Swanee," "Sometimes I'm Happy," "Crazy Rhythm," and "Tea for Two," one of the most frequently recorded tunes ever written.

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Irving Johnson

Irving McClure Johnson (July 4, 1905 – January 2, 1991) was an American sail training pioneer, adventurer, lecturer, and author.

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Isabeli Fontana

Isabeli Bergossi Fontana (born July 4, 1983) is a Brazilian model.

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Israel Defense Forces

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel", commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force, and navy. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff, the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel; Lieutenant general (Rav Aluf) Gadi Eizenkot has served as Chief of Staff since 2015. An order from Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion on 26 May 1948 officially set up the Israel Defense Forces as a conscript army formed out of the paramilitary group Haganah, incorporating the militant groups Irgun and Lehi. The IDF served as Israel's armed forces in all the country's major military operations—including the 1948 War of Independence, 1951–1956 Retribution operations, 1956 Sinai War, 1964–1967 War over Water, 1967 Six-Day War, 1967–1970 War of Attrition, 1968 Battle of Karameh, 1973 Operation Spring of Youth, 1973 Yom Kippur War, 1976 Operation Entebbe, 1978 Operation Litani, 1982 Lebanon War, 1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict, 1987–1993 First Intifada, 2000–2005 Second Intifada, 2002 Operation Defensive Shield, 2006 Lebanon War, 2008–2009 Operation Cast Lead, 2012 Operation Pillar of Defense, and 2014 Operation Protective Edge. The number of wars and border conflicts in which the IDF has been involved in its short history makes it one of the most battle-trained armed forces in the world. While originally the IDF operated on three fronts—against Lebanon and Syria in the north, Jordan and Iraq in the east, and Egypt in the south—after the 1979 Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty, it has concentrated its activities in southern Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, including the First and the Second Intifada. The Israel Defense Forces differs from most armed forces in the world in many ways. Differences include the mandatory conscription of women and its structure, which emphasizes close relations between the army, navy, and air force. Since its founding, the IDF has been specifically designed to match Israel's unique security situation. The IDF is one of Israeli society's most prominent institutions, influencing the country's economy, culture and political scene. In 1965, the Israel Defense Forces was awarded the Israel Prize for its contribution to education. The IDF uses several technologies developed in Israel, many of them made specifically to match the IDF's needs, such as the Merkava main battle tank, Achzarit armoured personnel carrier, high tech weapons systems, the Iron Dome missile defense system, Trophy active protection system for vehicles, and the Galil and Tavor assault rifles. The Uzi submachine gun was invented in Israel and used by the IDF until December 2003, ending a service that began in 1954. Following 1967, the IDF has close military relations with the United States, including development cooperation, such as on the F-15I jet, THEL laser defense system, and the Arrow missile defense system.

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Iva Toguri D'Aquino

Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino (July 4, 1916 – September 26, 2006) was an American who participated in English-language propaganda broadcast transmitted by Radio Tokyo to Allied soldiers in the South Pacific during World War II.

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Jack Crompton

John "Jack" Crompton (18 December 1921 – 4 July 2013) was an English professional footballer.

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Jack Frost (musician)

Jack Frost (real name John Dempsey, born July 4, 1968 in Jersey City, NJ) is the guitarist/founder of the heavy metal band Seven Witches and also a part of The Bronx Casket Company.

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Jack Haig

Jack Haig (born John Cecil Coppin, 5 January 1913 – 4 July 1989) was a British actor who specialised in supporting roles, mainly in TV comedy.

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Jack Johnson (boxer)

John Arthur "Jack" Johnson (March 31, 1878 – June 10, 1946), nicknamed the Galveston Giant was an American boxer, who—at the height of the Jim Crow era—became the first African American world heavyweight boxing champion (1908–1915).

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Jada Stevens

Jada Stevens (born July 4, 1988) is an American pornographic actress.

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Jaimy Gordon

Jaimy Gordon (born July 4, 1944) is an American writer.

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Jake Gardiner

Jake William Gardiner (born July 4, 1990) is an American professional ice hockey defenseman currently playing for the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League (NHL).

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James Anthony Bailey

James Anthony Bailey (July 4, 1847 – April 11, 1906), born James Anthony McGinnis, was an American circus ringmaster.

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James Fulton (dermatologist)

Dr.

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James J. Jeffries

James Jackson Jeffries (April 15, 1875 – March 3, 1953) was an American professional boxer and former World Heavyweight Champion.

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James Monroe

James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States (1817–1825).

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Jan Magnussen

Jan Ellegaard Magnussen (born 4 July 1973) is a Danish professional racing driver and a factory driver for General Motors.

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Jason Spevack

Jason Spevack (born July 4, 1997), is a Canadian child actor.

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Jean-Baptiste Tati Loutard

Jean-Baptiste Tati Loutard (15 December 1938 – 4 July 2009) was a Congolese politician and poet.

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Jean-Marie Auberson

Jean-Marie Auberson (May 2, 1920, Chavornay, Vaud – July 4, 2004) was a Swiss conductor and violinist, student of Ernest Ansermet and Carl Schuricht.

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Jenny Seagrove

Jennifer Ann "Jenny" Seagrove (born 4 July 1957) is an English actress.

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Jeong Min-hyeong

Jeong Min-Hyeong (14 May 1987 – 4 July 2012) was a South Korean footballer who played as a midfielder for Busan IPark in the K-League.

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Jeremy Spencer

Jeremy Cedric Spencer (born 4 July 1948) is a British musician, best known as one of the guitarists in the original line-up of Fleetwood Mac.

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Jesse Helms

Jesse Alexander Helms, Jr. (October 18, 1921 – July 4, 2008) was an American politician and a leader in the conservative movement.

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Jill Craybas

Jill N. Craybas (born July 4, 1974) is an American former professional tennis player.

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Jim Beattie

James Louis Beattie (born July 4, 1954) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher.

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Jimmie Spheeris

Jimmie Spheeris (November 5, 1949 – July 4, 1984) was an American singer-songwriter who released four albums in the 1970s on the Columbia Records and Epic Records labels.

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Jimmy Bivins

James Louis Bivins, (December 6, 1919 – July 4, 2012) was an American heavyweight boxer whose professional career ran from 1940 to 1955.

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Jin Akanishi

is a Japanese musician, singer, songwriter and actor.

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Joey Marella

Joseph "Joey" Anthony Marella (February 28, 1963 – July 4, 1994) was an American professional wrestling referee for the World Wrestling Federation and the son of former wrestler and then WWF announcer Gorilla Monsoon (Robert Marella) from Willingboro Township, New Jersey.

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Johan Vilhelm Snellman

Johan Vilhelm Snellman (12 May 1806, Stockholm – 4 July 1881, Kirkkonummi) was an influential Fennoman philosopher and Finnish statesman, ennobled in 1866.

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Johannes Schmidt (linguist)

Johannes Friedrich Heinrich Schmidt (July 29, 1843 – July 4, 1901) was a German linguist.

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John Adams

John Adams, Jr. (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American lawyer, author, statesman, and diplomat. He served as the second President of the United States (1797–1801), the first Vice President (1789–1797), and as a Founding Father was a leader of American independence from Great Britain. Adams was a political theorist in the Age of Enlightenment who promoted republicanism and a strong central government. His innovative ideas were frequently published. He was also a dedicated diarist and correspondent, particularly with his wife and key advisor Abigail. He collaborated with his cousin, revolutionary leader Samuel Adams, but he established his own prominence prior to the American Revolution. After the Boston Massacre, despite severe local anti-British sentiment, he provided a successful though unpopular legal defense of the accused British soldiers, driven by his devotion to the right to counsel and the "protection of innocence". As a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, Adams played a leading role in persuading Congress to declare independence. He assisted Thomas Jefferson in drafting the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and was its foremost advocate in the Congress. As a diplomat in Europe, he helped negotiate the eventual peace treaty with Great Britain, and acquired vital governmental loans from Amsterdam bankers. Adams was the primary author of the Massachusetts Constitution in 1780 which influenced American political theory, as did his earlier Thoughts on Government. Adams' credentials as a revolutionary secured for him two terms as President George Washington's vice president (1789 to 1797) and also his own election in 1796 as the second president. In his single term as president, he encountered fierce criticism from the Jeffersonian Republicans, as well as the dominant faction in his own Federalist Party, led by his opponent Alexander Hamilton. Adams signed the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts, and built up the army and navy in the face of an undeclared naval "Quasi-War" with France. The major accomplishment of his presidency was a peaceful resolution of the conflict in the face of Hamilton's opposition. Due to his strong posture on defense, Adams is "often called the father of the American Navy". He was the first U.S. president to reside in the executive mansion, now known as the White House. In 1800, Adams lost re-election to Thomas Jefferson, and retired to Massachusetts. He resumed his friendship with Jefferson upon the latter's own retirement by initiating a correspondence which lasted fourteen years. He and his wife established a family of politicians, diplomats, and historians now referred to as the Adams political family. Adams was the father of John Quincy Adams, the sixth President of the United States. He died on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. Modern historians in the aggregate have ranked his administration as the twelfth most successful.

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John Anderson (athlete)

John Franklin Anderson (July 4, 1907 – July 11, 1948) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the discus throw.

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John I, Count of Hainaut

John of Avesnes (1 May 1218 – 24 December 1257) was the count of Hainaut from 1246 to his death.

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John McPhee (politician)

Sir John Cameron McPhee, KCMG (4 July 1878 – 14 September 1952) was an Australian politician and member of the Tasmanian House of Assembly.

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John Waite

John Charles Waite (born 4 July 1952) is an English musician.

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John Zachary Young

John Zachary Young FRS (18 March 1907 – 4 July 1997), generally known as "JZ" or "JZY", was an English zoologist and neurophysiologist, described as "one of the most influential biologists of the 20th century.".

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Johnnie Parsons

Johnnie Woodrow Parsons (July 4, 1918 – September 8, 1984) was an American race car driver from Los Angeles, California who won the Indianapolis 500 in 1950.

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Jonas Kjellgren

Jonas Kjellgren (Born 4 July 1977) is a Swedish musician and producer, now residing in Grangärde, Sweden.

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Jordan II of Capua

Jordan II (Giordano) (died 19 December 1127) was the third son of Prince Jordan I of Capua and Princess Gaitelgrima, a daughter of Prince Guaimar IV of Salerno.

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José Oquendo

José Manuel Roberto Guillermo Oquendo Contreras (born July 4, 1963) is a former Major League Baseball infielder and the current third base coach for the St. Louis Cardinals.

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Joseph Brackett

Joseph Brackett Jr. (May 6, 1797 – July 4, 1882) was an American songwriter, author, and elder of The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, better known as the Shakers.

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Josh McCown

Joshua Treadwell McCown (born July 4, 1979) is an American football quarterback for the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (NFL).

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Julian calendar

The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.

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July 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

July 3 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - July 5 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 17 by Old Calendarists.

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Kane Tenace

Kane Tenace (born 4 July 1985) is an Australian rules footballer who played for the Geelong Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL).

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Karachi

Karachi (ڪراچي, کراچی / ALA-LC) is the capital of the province of Sindh, as well as the largest and most populous metropolitan city of Pakistan.

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Karl Friedrich Eichhorn

Karl Friedrich Eichhorn (20 November 1781 – 4 July 1854) was a German jurist.

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Karolyn Grimes

Karolyn Grimes (born July 4, 1940) is an American actress.

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Kaskaskia, Illinois

Kaskaskia is a historically important village in Randolph County, Illinois, United States.

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KAT-TUN

is a Japanese boy band formed by Johnny & Associates (Johnny's) in 2001.

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Kathleen Kennedy Townsend

Kathleen Hartington Kennedy Townsend (born July 4, 1951) is an American attorney who was the sixth Lieutenant Governor of Maryland from 1995 to 2003.

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Katia Zygouli

Ekaterine (Katia) Zygouli (Κάτια Ζυγούλη), born July 4, 1978, is a Greek fashion model and occasional actress.

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Keenan Milton

Keenan Milton (August 4, 1974 - July 5, 2001) was an American professional skateboarder from Atlanta Georgia.

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Keiko Ihara

Keiko Ihara (井原 慶子, Ihara Keiko) (born July 4, 1973) is a Japanese female race car driver.

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Kelsi Crain

Kelsi Auldyn Crain, (born July 4, 1990) is a woman from Monroe, Louisiana who was named Miss Louisiana 2010.

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Kevin Thoms

Kevin Thoms is an American television/film actor and voice actor, perhaps best known for providing the voice for Lance in Cartoon Network's Sym-Bionic Titan.

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Kielce pogrom

The Kielce Pogrom was an outbreak of violence against the Jewish community centre's gathering of refugees in the city of Kielce, Poland on 4 July 1946 in the presence of the Polish Communist armed forces (LWP, KBW) which resulted in the killing of 42 Jews.

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Kigali

Kigali, with population of more than 1 million (2012), is the capital and largest city of Rwanda.

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King of Jerusalem

The King of Jerusalem was the supreme ruler of the Crusader States, founded by Christian princes in 1099 when the First Crusade took the city; the title disappeared with the departure of the last crusader of Tartus in August 1291, less than two centuries later.

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Kingdom of Great Britain

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially Great Britain,"After the political union of England and Scotland in 1707, the nation's official name became 'Great Britain'", The American Pageant, Volume 1, Cengage Learning (2012)"From 1707 until 1801 Great Britain was the official designation of the kingdoms of England and Scotland".

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Kirk Pengilly

Kirk Pengilly (born 4 July 1958, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia) is an Australian musician, best known as a member of the Australian rock group:INXS.

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Klaus Barbie

Nikolaus "Klaus" Barbie (25 October 1913 – 23 September 1991) was an SS-Hauptsturmführer (rank equivalent to army captain) and Gestapo member.

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Knoebels Amusement Resort

Knoebels Amusement Resort is a family-owned and operated amusement park, picnic grove, and campground in Elysburg, Pennsylvania.

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Koko (gorilla)

Hanabiko "Koko" (born July 4, 1971) is a female western lowland gorilla who is known for having learned a large number of hand signs from a modified version of American Sign Language (ASL).

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Kreator

Kreator is a German thrash metal band from Essen.

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Kwame Steede

Kwame Steede (born 4 July 1980) is a Bermudian international footballer who plays club football for Bermuda Hogges in the USL Premier Development League, as a midfielder.

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La'Roi Glover

La'Roi Damon Glover (born July 4, 1974) is a former American football defensive tackle and current Director of Player Engagement for the St. Louis Rams of the NFL.

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Lake Underwood

Lake Underwood (July 4, 1926 – September 12, 2008) was an American entrepreneur who competed as a champion in the racing of prototype automobiles and motorcycles.

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Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Lancaster (Pennsylvania Dutch: Lengeschder) is a city located in South Central Pennsylvania which serves as the seat of Pennsylvania's Lancaster County and one of the oldest inland towns in the United States, (along with Springfield, Massachusetts; Petersburg, Virginia; Schenectady, New York, and several other early settlements).

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Lands (band)

Lands (stylized as LANDS) is a temporary musical band created by the producer of Japanese pop-rock band Mr. Children,.

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Large Hadron Collider

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest and most powerful particle collider, the largest, most complex experimental facility ever built, and the largest single machine in the world.

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Larry Burkett

Larry Burkett (March 3, 1939 – July 4, 2003) was an American author and radio personality whose work focused on financial counseling from an evangelical Christian point of view.

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Lasse Strömstedt

Folke Lars-Olov Strömstedt, (May 23, 1935, Gävle - July 4, 2009), better known as Lasse Strömstedt, was a Swedish writer who wrote of and about his own life in prison and drug abuse.

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Laureano Márquez

Laureano Márquez (4 July 1963, Canary Islands), is a Spanish-born Venezuelan humorist and politologist.

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Le Hamel, Somme

Le Hamel is a commune in the Somme department in Picardy in northern France.

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Leaves of Grass

Leaves of Grass is a poetry collection by the American poet Walt Whitman (1819–1892).

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Lebanon

Lebanon (or; لبنان or; Lebanese Arabic:; Aramaic: לבנאן; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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Lee Wai Tong

Lee Wai Tong (16 October 1905 – 4 July 1979), also known as Li Huitang, was a Chinese international association football player and head coach.

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Lembit Ulfsak

Lembit Ulfsak (born 4 July 1947) is a prominent Estonian stage and film actor.

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Leo Garel

Leo Garel (1917–July 4, 1999) was an American artist.

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Leo Szilard

Leó Szilárd (Szilárd Leó; Leo Spitz until age 2; February 11, 1898 – May 30, 1964) was a Hungarian-American physicist and inventor.

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Leona Helmsley

Leona Mindy Roberts Helmsley (July 4, 1920 – August 20, 2007) was an American businesswoman.

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Lewis Carroll

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name, Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.

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Liberation Day

Liberation Day is a day, often a public holiday, that marks the liberation of a place, similar to an independence day.

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Lieutenant Governor of Maryland

The Lieutenant Governor of Maryland is the second highest-ranking official in the executive branch of the state government of Maryland in the United States.

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Lionel Trilling

Lionel Mordecai Trilling (July 4, 1905 – November 5, 1975) was an American literary critic, author, and teacher.

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List of Augustae

Augusta (plural Augustae; αὐγούστα), was a Roman imperial honorific title given to empresses and honoured women of the imperial families.

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List of ethnic riots

This is a list of ethnic riots, sectarian riots, and race riots, by country.

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List of monarchs of Tonga

This is a list of monarchs of Tonga since 1875, after the constitutional role of the monarch was put forth.

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List of national independence days

An Independence Day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state; more rarely after the end of a military occupation.

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List of Prime Ministers of Poland

Note: Until 11 November, Daszyński was Prime Minister in the Polish People's Republic, based at Lublin, in the territory occupied by Austrian troops.

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List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire

The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanlı padişahları), made up solely of the members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary.

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Lockheed Vega

The Vega was a six-passenger monoplane built by the Lockheed company starting in 1927.

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Lothar von Richthofen

Lothar-Siegfried Freiherr von Richthofen (27 September 1894 – 4 July 1922) was a German First World War fighter ace credited with 40 victories.

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Lou Gehrig

Henry Louis "Lou" or "Buster" Gehrig (June 19, 1903 – June 2, 1941) was an American baseball first baseman who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees, from 1923 through 1939.

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Louis B. Mayer

Louis Burt Mayer (born Lazar Meir; July 12, 1884 – October 29, 1957) (Лазарь Меир) was an American film producer and co-founder of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios (MGM) in 1924.

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Louis Coulon de Villiers

Sieur Louis Coulon de Villiers (17 August 1710 – 2 November 1757) was a French Canadian military officer during the French and Indian War (Seven Years' War).

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Louis-Claude Daquin

Louis-Claude Daquin (or D'Aquino, d'Aquin, d'Acquin; July 4, 1694 – June 15, 1772) was a French composer of Jewish ancestry, writing in the Baroque and Galant styles.

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Louisiana Purchase

The Louisiana Purchase (Vente de la Louisiane "Sale of Louisiana") was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory (828,000 square miles) by the United States from France in 1803.

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Luigi Guido Grandi

Guido Grandi Dom Guido Grandi, O.S.B. Cam., (October 1, 1671 – July 4, 1742) was an Italian monk, priest, philosopher, mathematician, and engineer.

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Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria

Luitpold (or Liutpold) (modern Leopold) (died 4 July 907), perhaps of the Huosi family or related to the Carolingian dynasty by Liutswind, mother of Emperor Arnulf of Carinthia, was the ancestor of the Luitpolding dynasty which ruled Bavaria and Carinthia until the mid-tenth century.

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Lviv

Lviv (Львів L'viv,; Lwów,; Львов L'vov,; Lemberg, Latin: Leopolis, the city of the lion) is a city in western Ukraine that was the capital of the Kingdom of Ruthenia before being incorporated into the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in 1339 and turning into regional capital of the Ruthenian Voivodeship, and later (since 1772) the Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, then known as Lemberg.

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Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President (1961–1963).

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Mahiro Takasugi

is a Japanese actor who is affiliated with Spice Power.

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Malice Mizer

Malice Mizer (stylized as MALICE MIZER) was a Japanese visual kei rock band active from August 1992 to December 2001.

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Manolete

Manuel Laureano Rodríguez Sánchez (4 July 1917 – 29 August 1947), better known as Manolete, was a Spanish bullfighter.

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Mansoor Hekmat

Mansoor Hekmat (منصور حکمت; original name Zhoobin Razani; June 4, 1951 - July 4, 2002) was an Iranian Marxist theorist and leader of the worker-communist movement.

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Mao Dun

Mao Dun (4 July 1896 - 27 March 1981) was the pen name of Shen Dehong (Shen Yanbing), a 20th-century Chinese novelist, cultural critic, and journalist.

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Marcos Daniel

Marcos Diniz Daniel (born on July 4, 1978 in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul) is a retired professional tennis player from Brazil who turned professional in 1997.

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Marie Curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity.

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Mark Slaughter

Mark Allen Slaughter (born July 4, 1964) is an American singer and musician.

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Mark Steel

Mark Steel is an English comedian, broadcaster, newspaper columnist and author.

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Mark Twitchell

Mark Andrew Twitchell (born July 4, 1979) is a Canadian convicted of first degree murder in 2011 for killing John Brian "Johnny" Altinger.

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Mark Whiting

Mark Whiting (born July 4, 1964) is an American writer, director, designer and actor.

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Mars

Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second smallest planet in the Solar System, after Mercury.

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Mars Pathfinder

Mars Pathfinder (MESUR Pathfinder) is an American robotic spacecraft that landed a base station with a roving probe on Mars in 1997.

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Massacre of Lviv professors

In July 1941, 25 Polish academics from the city of Lwów (since 1945 Lviv, Ukraine) were killed by Nazi German occupation forces along with their families.

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Mattia Serafini

Mattia Serafini (born 4 July 1983) is an Italian footballer.

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Maurice Grevisse

Maurice Grevisse (7 October 1895 — 4 July 1980) was a Belgian grammarian.

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Max Elliott Slade

Max Elliott Slade (born July 4, 1980) is an American former child actor who starred in 3 Ninjas, 3 Ninjas Kick Back, and 3 Ninjas Knuckle Up as the character named Jeffrey Douglas, later nicknamed Colt by his grandfather Mori Tanaka.

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Mía Taveras

Mía Lourdes Taveras López (born July 4, 1986 in Santiago de los Caballeros) is a Dominican beauty pageant titleholder who was crowned Miss Dominican Republic 2006.

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Mehmed VI

Mehmed VI (محمد السادس Meḥmed-i sâdis, وحيد الدين Vahideddin. Vahideddin or VI.) who is also known as Şahbaba (meaning Emperor-father) among his relatives, (14 January 1861 – 16 May 1926) was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1918 to 1922.

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Melanie Fiona

Melanie Fiona Hallim (born July 4, 1983), known professionally as Melanie Fiona, is a Canadian R&B recording artist.

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Melville Fuller

Melville Weston Fuller (February 11, 1833 – July 4, 1910) was the eighth Chief Justice of the United States between 1888 and 1910.

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Metropolitan Mikhail of Asyut

Anba Mikhail (نيافة الأنبا ميخائيل مطران أسيوط) (4 July 1921 - 23 November 2014), was the Elder Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Asyut (Lycopolis), (Hieracon, (Hierakonopolis) and (Apollonopolis Parva) of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and was the Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great, in Scetes, Lower Egypt until early 2009, when he decided to resign this responsibility due to his failing health and also due to the demise of Matta El-Meskeen, the Chief Hegumen in-charge of the Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great in 2008. Metropolitan Mikhail was born in 1921, in the poor family of Egyptian Coptic Christians in the village of "Al-Rahmaniya", in the district of "Nag Hammadi" in "Qena" Governorate. He became a monk of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria on 19 February 1939. He was ordained priest on 17 November 1939. He has served as Coptic Orthodox Metropolitan of Asyut since 1946. His episcopal ordination took place on 25 August 1946. For many years, he was the most senior Oriental orthodox bishop in the date of episcopal ordination in the world. He departed to the Lord on 23 November 2014 in Asyut, Egypt.

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Meyer Lansky

Meyer Lansky (born Meier Suchowlański; July 4, 1902 – January 15, 1983), known as the "Mob's Accountant", was a major organized crime figure who, along with his associate Charles "Lucky" Luciano, was instrumental in the development of the "National Crime Syndicate" in the United States.

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Michael Johnson (footballer, born 1973)

Michael Owen Johnson (born 4 July 1973) is a former footballer who played as a defender, primarily at centre-half, although he also played left-back when called upon.

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Michael Milken

Michael Robert Milken (born July 4, 1946) is an American former financier and philanthropist.

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Michael Sorrentino

Michael Paul Sorrentino (born July 4, 1981) is an American television personality.

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Michael Sweet

Michael Harrison Sweet (born July 4, 1963) is a singer from Whittier, California, United States.

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Michel-Jean Sedaine

Michel-Jean Sedaine (2 June 1719 – 17 May 1797) was a French dramatist and librettist, especially noted for his librettos for opéras comiques, in which he took an important and influential role in the advancement of the genre from the period of Charles-Simon Favart to the beginning of the Revolution.

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Miguel Ángel Muñoz

Miguel Ángel Múñoz Blanco (born 4 July 1983) is a Spanish actor and singer.

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Miguel Pinto

Miguel Ángel Pinto Jerez (born July 4, 1983 in Santiago, Chile) is a Chilean football goalkeeper who plays for Mexican club Atlas of the Liga MX.

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Miguel Santos Soares

Miguel Santos Soares known as Migi (born July 4, 1984) is a football player.

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Mike Knuble

Michael Rudolph Knuble (born July 4, 1972) is a Canadian-born American former professional ice hockey right winger who played in the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Minas Hantzidis

Minas Hantzidis (Μηνάς Χατζίδης) (born 4 July 1966) is a former Greek football player.

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Mindanao

Mindanao is the second largest and southernmost major island in the Philippines.

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Minister for the Cabinet Office

The Minister for the Cabinet Office, commonly referred to as the Cabinet Office Minister is a position in the Cabinet Office of the United Kingdom.

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Minister of Foreign Affairs (Estonia)

The Minister of Foreign Affairs (välisminister) is the senior minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Eesti Vabariigi Välisministeerium) in the Estonian Government.

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Poland)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych) is the Polish government department tasked with maintaining Poland's international relations and coordinating its participation in international and regional supra-national political organisations such as the European Union and United Nations.

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Miss Dominican Republic

Miss Dominican Republic (Spanish: Miss República Dominicana) is a pageant where women ranging from the ages of 18 to 27 compete, each representing a Dominican province, city, or community.

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Miss Louisiana

The Miss Louisiana competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Louisiana in the Miss America pageant.

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Mitch Miller

Mitchell William "Mitch" Miller (July 4, 1911 – July 31, 2010) was an American oboist, conductor, recording producer and recording industry executive.

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Moa Kikuchi

is a Japanese idol, singer and model.

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Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah

Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Hussein Fadl-Allāh (also Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadl-Allāh; محمد حسين فضل الله; 16 November 1935 – 4 July 2010) was a prominent Lebanese Twelver marja.

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Mollie McCarty

Mollie McCarty, (sometimes spelled Mollie McCarthy), foaled in 1873, was an outstanding California-based Thoroughbred racehorse who won her first 13 race starts and was second on the two occasions when she was defeated.

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Molly and Tenbrooks

"Molly and Tenbrooks," also known as "The Racehorse Song," is a traditional song of the late 19th century.

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Monteiro Lobato

José Bento Renato Monteiro Lobato (April 18, 1882 – July 4, 1948) was one of Brazil's most influential writers, mostly for his children's books set in the fictional Sítio do Picapau Amarelo (Yellow Woodpecker Farm) but he had been previously a prolific writer of fiction, a translator and an art critic.

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Morganna

Morganna Roberts (born July 4, 1947) is an entertainer who became known as Morganna or Morganna, the Kissing Bandit in baseball and other sports from 1970 through the 1990s.

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Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Muhammad Ali Jinnah, મુહમ્મદ અલી જિન્ના, محمد علی جناح (born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.

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Murad III

Murad III (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثالث Murād-i sālis, Turkish:III.Murat) (4 July 1546 – 15/16 January 1595) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595.

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My Country, 'Tis of Thee

"My Country, 'Tis of Thee", also known as "America", is an American patriotic song, whose lyrics were written by Samuel Francis Smith.

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Naoki Yamada

is a Japanese footballer who plays for Shonan Bellmare.

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NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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Nathaniel Hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist and short story writer.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Ned Zelić

Nedijeljko "Ned" Zelić (born 4 July 1971) is an Australian former football player, and is currently a commentator for Fox Sports.

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Nedelcho Beronov

Nedelcho Krumov Beronov (Неделчо Крумов Беронов) (22 July 1928 – 4 July 2015) was a Bulgarian jurist, right-wing politician and Constitutional Court chairman, as well as a presidential candidate in the 2006 presidential elections.

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Neil Morrissey

Neil Anthony Morrissey (born 4 July 1962) is an English actor, singer and businessman.

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Neil Simon

Marvin Neil Simon (born July 4, 1927) is an American playwright, screenwriter and author.

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New France

New France (Nouvelle-France) was the area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Spain and Great Britain in 1763.

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New York

New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.

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News (band)

, is a four-member Japanese boy band consisting of Keiichiro Koyama, Takahisa Masuda, Shigeaki Kato and Yuya Tegoshi.

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Nguyen Ngoc Duy

Nguyễn Ngọc Duy (born 4 July 1986 in Hanoi) is a Vietnamese footballer.

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Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas II (r) (– 17 July 1918) was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland.

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Nick Hissom

Nicholas Robert Danenza Hissom (born 4 July 1992) is a British male model and recording artist.

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Nina Badrić

Nina Badrić (born 4 July 1972) is a Croatian pop singer.

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Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences

The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, and as a "category of the Nobel Prize" by the Nobel Foundation itself, which owns the name Nobel Prize, though the Foundation itself does not refer to it as such.

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.

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Norm Drucker

Norm Drucker (July 4, 1920 – February 6, 2015) was a major influence in professional basketball officiating for over 35 years.

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Northern Mariana Islands

The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI; Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas), is one of five inhabited American insular areas.

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Northern United States

The Northern United States can be a geographic and/or historical term and definition.

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Nozomi (spacecraft)

Nozomi (のぞみ) (Japanese for "Wish" or "Hope," and known before launch as Planet-B) was a planned and launched Mars-orbiting aeronomy probe.

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Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or a combination of fission and fusion (thermonuclear weapon).

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Oda of Canterbury

Oda (or Odo; died 958), called the Good or the Severe, was a 10th-century Archbishop of Canterbury in England.

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Ohio River

The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.

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Old and in the Way

Old and in the Way was a bluegrass supergroup in the 1970s.

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Old Rye

Old Rye (Gammel Rye) is a small town in eastern Jutland, Denmark, with a population of 1,335 (1 January 2014).

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Olive Ann Burns

Olive Ann Burns (July 17, 1924 – July 4, 1990) was an American writer from Georgia best known for her single completed novel, Cold Sassy Tree, published in 1984.

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Olympia, Washington

Olympia is the capital of the State of Washington and the county seat of Thurston County. It was incorporated on January 28, 1859. The population was documented as 46,478 in the 2010 census. The city borders Lacey, to the east, and Tumwater to the south. Olympia is a major cultural center of the Puget Sound region. Olympia is located from Seattle, the largest city in the state of Washington.

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One World Trade Center

One World Trade Center (also known as 1 World Trade Center, One WTC and 1 WTC; the current building was dubbed the "Freedom Tower" during initial basework) refers to the main building of the new World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

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Onllwyn Brace

David Onllwyn Brace (16 November 1932 - 4 July 2013) was a Welsh international scrum-half who played club rugby for Newport and Aberavon.

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Operation Entebbe

Operation Entebbe was a counter-terrorist hostage-rescue mission carried out by commandos of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) at Entebbe Airport in Uganda on 4 July 1976.

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Orangetown Resolutions

The Orangetown Resolutions were adopted on July 4, 1774, exactly two years prior to the adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence.

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Orri Páll Dýrason

Orri Páll Dýrason (born in 4 July 1977) is the drummer for Sigur Rós.

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Oscar I of Sweden

Oscar I (born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte; 4 July 1799 – 8 July 1859) was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death.

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Oscar Zariski

Oscar Zariski (born Oscher Zaritsky (О́шер Зари́цкий) April 24, 1899 – July 4, 1986) was a Russian-born American mathematician and one of the most influential algebraic geometers of the 20th century.

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Otto Bauer

Otto Bauer (5 September 1881 – 4 July 1938) was an Austrian Social Democrat who is considered one of the leading thinkers of the left-socialist Austro-Marxist grouping.

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Otto von Habsburg

Otto von Habsburg (20 November 1912 4 July 2011), also known by his royal name as Archduke Otto of Austria, was the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary from 1916 until the dissolution of the empire in 1918, a realm which comprised modern-day Austria, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, and parts of Italy, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine.

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Ottoman wars in Europe

The Ottoman wars in Europe, also known as the Ottoman Wars or Turkish Wars, were a series of military conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and various European states dating from the Late Middle Ages up through the early 20th century.

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Outer space

Outer space, or just space, is the void that exists between celestial bodies, including the Earth.

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Pactum Sicardi

The Pactum Sicardi was a treaty signed on 4 July 836 between the Greek Duchy of Naples, including its satellite city-states of Sorrento and Amalfi, represented by Bishop John IV and Duke Andrew II, and the Lombard Prince of Benevento, Sicard.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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Pam Shriver

Pamela Howard Shriver (born July 4, 1962) is an American former professional tennis player known primarily as a doubles specialist with success also as a singles player.

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Parliament of Great Britain

The Parliament of Great Britain was formed in 1707 following the ratification of the Acts of Union by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland.

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Pat Stapleton (ice hockey)

Patrick James "Whitey" Stapleton (born July 4, 1940) is a Canadian ice hockey former professional ice hockey player.

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Paul Revere & the Raiders

Paul Revere & the Raiders was an American rock band that saw considerable U.S. mainstream success in the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s.

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Paul Rogat Loeb

Paul Rogat Loeb (born July 4, 1952) is an American social and political activist.

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Paul Scoon

Sir Paul Godwin Scoon, GCMG, GCVO, OBE (4 July 1935 – 2 September 2013), was Governor General of Grenada for 14 years, from 1978 to 1992.

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Pauline Phillips

Pauline Esther "Popo" Phillips (née Friedman; July 4, 1918 – January 16, 2013), also known as Abigail Van Buren, was an American advice columnist and radio show host who began the Dear Abby column in 1956.

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Pavel Sedláček (musician)

Pavel Sedláček (born 4 July 1941 in Prague, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, today Czech Republic) is a Czech rock and roll singer, songwriter and guitarist.

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Pedro de Alvarado

Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain, ca. 1485 – Guadalajara, New Spain, 4 July 1541) was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala.

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Pedro Teixeira

Pedro Teixeira (died 4 July 1641) was a Portuguese explorer who became, in 1637, the first European to travel up the entire length of the Amazon River.

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Perihelion and aphelion

The perihelion is the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid, comet or other star-orbiting body where it is nearest to its star.

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Peter Rowan

Peter Rowan (born July 4, 1942) is an American bluegrass musician and composer.

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Philadelphia

Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and the fifth-most-populous in the United States.

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Philip Craven

Sir Philip Craven, MBE (born 4 July 1950) is a British sports administrator and former athlete.

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Philip Rose (theatrical producer)

Philip Rose (July 4, 1921 – May 31, 2011) was a Broadway theatrical producer of such productions as A Raisin in the Sun, The Owl and the Pussycat, Does a Tiger Wear a Necktie?, Purlie, and Shenandoah.

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Philippe de Monte

Philippe de Monte (1521 – 4 July 1603), sometimes known as Philippus de Monte, was a Flemish composer of the late Renaissance.

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Philippe Néricault Destouches

Philippe Néricault Destouches (9 April 1680 – 4 July 1754) was a French playwright who wrote 22 plays.

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Philippine–American War

The Philippine–American War (Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense) (Filipino/Tagalog: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano) (1899–1902) was an armed conflict between the United States and Philippine revolutionaries.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Pier Giorgio Frassati

The Blessed Pier Giorgio Frassati, T.O.S.D., was an Italian Catholic social activist, who was a member of the Third Order of St. Dominic.

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Pilar Barbosa

Dr.

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Pingali Venkayya

Pingali Venkayya (died 1963) was an Indian freedom fighter and the designer of the flag on which the Indian national flag was based.

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Pio Pion

Pio Pion (4 July 1887 – 15 May 1965) was an Italian entrepreneur, known for founding the first Italian company producing movie projectors, the Fumagalli, Pion & C.

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Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (also known as the Kingdom of Poland, or just Poland), was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation, of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the king of Poland and the grand duke of Lithuania.

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Polish–Muscovite War (1605–18)

The Polish–Muscovite War or the Polish–Russian War (1605–1618), in Poland known as the Dimitriads, took place in the early seventeenth century as a sequence of military conflicts and eastward invasions carried out by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, or the private armies and mercenaries led by the magnates (the Commonwealth aristocracy), when the Russian Tsardom was torn by a series of civil wars, the time most commonly referred to in the Russian history as the "Time of Troubles", sparked by the Russian dynastic crisis and overall internal chaos.

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Pope Benedict V

Pope Benedict V (Benedictus V; died 4 July 965) was Pope from 22 May to 23 June 964, in opposition to Pope Leo VIII.

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Port Moody

Port Moody is a city in Metro Vancouver, enveloping the east end of Burrard Inlet in British Columbia, Canada.

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Premier of Tasmania

The Premier of Tasmania is the head of the executive government in the Australian state of Tasmania.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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President of Colombia

The President of Colombia (Spanish: Presidente de Colombia) is the head of state and head of government of Colombia.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.

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Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine

Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (Charles Alexandre Emanuel de Lorraine) (12 December 1712 in Lunéville – 4 July 1780 in Tervuren) was a Lorraine-born Austrian general and soldier, governor and de facto sovereign of the Austrian Netherlands, and sometime duke of Lorraine.

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Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta

Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy-Aosta, 2nd Duke of Aosta (13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was a member of the House of Savoy, Crown Prince of Spain from 1870 to 1873, and a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy.

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Prince Michael of Kent

Prince Michael of Kent (Michael George Charles Franklin; born 4 July 1942) is a cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, being a grandson of King George V and Queen Mary.

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Prokhorovka

Prokhorovka (Про́хоровка) is the name of several inhabited localities in Russia.

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Province of New York

The Province of New York (1664–1783) was an English and later British crown territory that originally included all of the present U.S. states of New York, New Jersey, Delaware and Vermont, along with inland portions of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Maine, as well as eastern Pennsylvania.

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Pulcheria

Aelia Pulcheria (January 19, 398 or 399 – 453) was the second child of Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius and Empress Aelia Eudoxia.

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Queen Sonja of Norway

Queen Sonja of Norway (born Sonja Haraldsen on 4 July 1937) is the wife of King Harald V.

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a U.S. broadcasting organization that provides news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East "where the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed".

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Raubtier

Raubtier (German: carnivore/predator) is a Swedish industrial metal band from Haparanda.

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Ray Meagher

Ray Meagher (born 4 July 1944) is a veteran Australian character actor.

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Raynald of Châtillon

Raynald of Châtillon (also Reynald, Reynold, Renald, or Reginald; French: Renaud de Châtillon, Old French: Reynaud de Chastillon; c. 1125 – 4 July 1187) was a knight who served in the Second Crusade and remained in the Holy Land after its defeat.

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Regent

A regent (from the Latin regens, " ruling") is "a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated." The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency.

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Rein Lang

Rein Lang (born July 4, 1957) is an Estonian politician, a member of the Estonian Reform Party since 1995, and a diplomat.

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René Arnoux

René Alexandre Arnoux (born 4 July 1948) is a French former racing driver who competed in 12 Formula One seasons (1978 to 1989).

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Renny Vega

Renny Vicente Vega Hernández (born 4 July 1979) is a Venezuelan footballer who currently plays for the Portuguese side C.F. União as a goalkeeper.

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Republic Day (Philippines)

Philippine Republic Day, also known as Filipino-American Friendship Day, is a commemoration in the Philippines held annually on 4 July.

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Republic of Hawaii

The Republic of Hawaii was the formal name of the government that controlled Hawaiokinai from 1894 to 1898 when it was governed as a republic.

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Richard Cosway

Richard Cosway RA (5 November 1742 – 4 July 1821) was a leading English portrait painter of the Regency era, noted for his miniatures.

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Richard Garriott

Richard Garriott de Cayeux (born Richard Allen Garriott on July 4, 1961) is a video game developer and entrepreneur.

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Richard Mellon Scaife

Richard Mellon Scaife (July 3, 1932 – July 4, 2014) was an American billionaire, a principal heir to the Mellon banking, oil, and aluminum fortune, and the owner and publisher of the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review.

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Richard Mpong

Richard Mpong (born 4 July 1990 in Tarkwa) is a Ghanaian professional footballer who currently plays as a winger,.

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Richard Rhodes

Richard Lee Rhodes (born July 4, 1937) is an American historian, journalist and author of both fiction and non-fiction (which he prefers to call "verity"), including the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Making of the Atomic Bomb (1986), and most recently, The Twilight of the Bombs (2010).

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Rick Casares

Richard Jose Casares (July 4, 1931 – September 13, 2013) was an American college and professional football player who was a fullback in the National Football League (NFL) and American Football League (AFL) for twelve seasons during the 1950 and 1960s.

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Riga

Riga (Rīga) is the capital and the largest city of Latvia.

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Rinalds Sirsniņš

Rinalds Sirsniņš (born 4 July 1985 in Ogre, Latvia) is a Latvian professional basketball player.

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Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus

Ringling Bros.

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Rishadi Fauzi

Rishadi Fauzi is an Indonesian footballer who plays for Sriwijaya FC in the Indonesia Super League as a Striker.

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RMS Titanic

RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK, to New York City, US.

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Robert K. Merton

Robert King Merton (July 4, 1910 – February 23, 2003) was an American sociologist.

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Robert Neil Butler

Robert Neil Butler (January 21, 1927 – July 4, 2010) was a physician, gerontologist, psychiatrist, and Pulitzer Prize-winning author, who was the first director of the National Institute on Aging.

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Rodgers Kola

Rodgers Kola (born 4 July 1989) is a Zambian footballer who plays for Veria and the Zambian national team.

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Roland Ratzenberger

Roland Ratzenberger (4 July 1960 – 30 April 1994) was an Austrian racing driver who raced in sports prototype, Formula Nippon, Formula 3000 and Formula One.

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Rome, New York

Rome is a city in New York State.

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Ron Casey (Sydney broadcaster)

Ronald Arthur (Ron) Casey, OAM (born 4 July 1930) is a former television presenter, sports journalist and talk-back radio host based in Sydney, Australia.

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Ron Kovic

Ronald Lawrence "Ron" Kovic (born July 4, 1946) is an American anti-war activist, United States Marine Corps veteran and writer who was paralyzed in the Vietnam War.

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Ronni Ancona

Ronni Ancona (born 4 July 1968) is a Scottish actress, impressionist and author.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Rube Goldberg

Reuben Garrett Lucius "Rube" Goldberg (July 4, 1883 – December 7, 1970) was an American cartoonist, sculptor, author, engineer, and inventor.

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Rudolf Friedrich

Rudolf Friedrich (4 July 1923 – 15 October 2013) was a Swiss politician, lawyer and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1982–1984).

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Rwanda

Rwanda (or; U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in central and east Africa.

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Rwandan Genocide

The Rwandan Genocide was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi and moderate Hutu in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority.

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Rwandan Patriotic Front

The Rwandan Patriotic Front (also translated as: Rwandese Patriotic Front; or referred to as: Patriotic Front of Rwanda) abbreviated as RPF (also often referred to as FPR from Front patriotique rwandais) is the current ruling political party of Rwanda, led by President Paul Kagame.

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Sakura Gakuin

is a Japanese idol girl group formed in 2010 by the Amuse talent agency.

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Saladin

Saladin (1137 or 1138 – March 1193), known as (صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب) in Arabic and Selahedînê Eyûbî (سەلاحەدینی ئەییووبی) in Kurdish, was the first sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of their Ayyubid dynasty, although it was named after his father.

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Salonina Matidia

Salonina Matidia (4 July 68 – 23 December 119) was the daughter and only child of Ulpia Marciana and wealthy praetor Gaius Salonius Matidius Patruinus.

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Sam Farr

Samuel Sharon "Sam" Farr (born July 4, 1941) is the U.S. Representative for, serving in Congress since 1993.

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Samoa

Samoa (Sāmoa), officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Sāmoa), formerly known as Western Samoa, is an Oceanian country encompassing the western part of the Samoan Islands in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Samuel Francis Smith

Samuel Francis Smith (October 21, 1808 – November 16, 1895) was a Baptist minister, journalist, and author.

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Samuel Richardson

Samuel Richardson (19 August 1689 – 4 July 1761) was an 18th-century English writer and printer.

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Sanford B. Dole

Sanford Ballard Dole (April 23, 1844 – June 9, 1926) was a lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory.

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Sarajevo

Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with an estimated population of 369,534.

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Sébastien Japrisot

Sébastien Japrisot (4 July 1931 – 4 March 2003) was a French author, screenwriter and film director, born in Marseille.

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Scamper (horse)

Gills Bay Boy (1977 – 4 July 2012), nicknamed "Scamper", was a bay American Quarter Horse gelding.

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Scar Symmetry

Scar Symmetry is a Swedish metal band from Avesta in Dalarna County, Sweden, formed in 2004.

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Second Continental Congress

The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun.

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September 11 attacks

The September 11 attacks (also referred to as September 11, September 11th, or 9/11)9/11 is pronounced "nine eleven".

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Sergio Oliva

Sergio Oliva (July 4, 1941 – November 12, 2012) was a bodybuilder known as "The Myth".

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Seven Witches

Seven Witches is an American heavy metal band from New Jersey.

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Shan Ratnam

Emeritus Professor Sittampalam Shanmugaratnam (4 July 1928–6 August 2001) was the professor and head of the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the National University Hospital of Singapore specializing in human reproduction research.

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Sid Eudy

Sidney Raymond "Sid" Eudy (born July 4, 1960) is an American professional wrestler.

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Siege of Belgrade (1456)

The Siege of Belgrade or Battle of Belgrade or Siege of Nándorfehérvár occurred from July 4–22, 1456.

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Siege of Sevastopol (1941–42)

The Siege of Sevastopol also known as the Defence of Sevastopol (Оборона Севастополя, transliteration: Oborona Sevastopolya) took place on the Eastern Front of the Second World War.

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Siege of Vicksburg

The Siege of Vicksburg (May 18 – July 4, 1863) was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Sigur Rós

Sigur Rós are an Icelandic post-rock band from Reykjavík, who have been active since 1994.

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Siim Kabrits

Siim Kabrits (born 4 July 1979 in Tartu), is an Estonian politician and entrepreneur, former Member of Parliament XII.

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Sindh Madressatul Islam University

Sindh Madressatul Islam University (سندھ مدرسۃ الاسلام; سنڌ مدرسته الاسلام) is a university in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

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Skin (Japanese band)

Skin (stylized as S.K.I.N.) is a music project founded by several Japanese rock musicians in 2007.

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Slaughter (band)

Slaughter is an American hard rock band formed in Las Vegas, Nevada by lead vocalist/rhythm guitarist Mark Slaughter and bassist Dana Strum.

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Slavery

Slavery is a legal or economic system in which principles of property law can apply to humans so that people can be treated as property, and can be owned, bought and sold accordingly, and cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement.

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SN 1054

SN 1054 is a supernova that was first observed on 4 July 1054 A.D. (hence its name), and that lasted for a period of around two years.

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Song dynasty

The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.

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Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg

Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg (Žofie Marie Josefína Albína hraběnka Chotková z Chotkova a Vojnína, Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Gräfin Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin), born Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Countess Chotek of Chotkov and Wognin (1 March 1868 – 28 June 1914) was a Bohemian (Czech) aristocrat from the then-Kingdom of Bohemia, the morganatic wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.

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Sparta

Sparta (Doric Greek: Σπάρτα, Spártā; Attic Greek: Σπάρτη, Spártē) or Lacedaemon (Λακεδαίμων, Lakedaímōn) was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese.

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Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; French: La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States.

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Stefan Meller

Stefan Meller (4 July 1942 in Lyon, France – 4 February 2008 in Warsaw, Poland) was a Polish diplomat and academician.

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Stephen Boyd

Stephen Boyd (4 July 19312 June 1977) was an actor from Glengormley, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

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Stephen Foster

Stephen Collins Foster (July 4, 1826January 13, 1864), known as "the father of American music", was an American songwriter primarily known for his parlor and minstrel music.

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Stephen Giles

Stephen Giles (born July 4, 1972) is a Canadian sprint canoer who competed from the early 1990s to the mid 2000s.

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Stephen Mather

Stephen Tyng Mather (July 4, 1867 – January 22, 1930) was an American industrialist and conservationist who as president and owner of Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company became a millionaire.

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Stephen McNally (musician)

Stephen McNally (born Stephen Patrick McNally, 4 July 1978, Liverpool) is an English singer and songwriter.

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Steve Hartman (sportscaster)

Steven Ward "Steve" Hartman (born July 4, 1958 in Hollywood, California) is the host of a sports radio talk show on Fox Sports Radio based in San Diego, California.

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Steve McNair

Stephen LaTreal McNair (February 14, 1973 – July 4, 2009),.

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Steven Rose

Steven Peter Russell Rose (born 4 July 1938)‘ROSE, Prof.

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Stryper

Stryper is an American Christian glam metal band from Orange County, California.

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Sunny Day Real Estate

Sunny Day Real Estate was an American alternative rock band from Seattle, Washington.

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Suzanne Lenglen

Suzanne Rachel Flore Lenglen (24 May 1899 – 4 July 1938) was a French tennis player who won 31 Championship titles between 1914 and 1926.

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Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda (Shāmi Bibekānondo; 12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), born Narendra Nath Datta, was an Indian Hindu monk and chief disciple of the 19th-century saint Ramakrishna.

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Taejo of Goryeo

Taejo of Goryeo (January 31, 877 – July 4, 943), also known as Taejo Wang Geon (Wang Kon, 왕건), was the founder of the Goryeo Dynasty, which ruled Korea from the 10th to the 14th century.

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Taffy O'Callaghan

Eugene "Taffy" O’Callaghan (6 October 1906 – 4 July 1946) was a Welsh professional footballer who played as a forward for Tottenham Hotspur, Leicester City and Wales during the 1920s and 1930s.

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Tahar Rahim

Tahar Rahim (born 4 July 1981) is a French actor of Algerian descent.

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Takahisa Masuda

is a Japanese idol from Johnny's Entertainment.

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Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV

Tāufaāhau Tupou IV (4 July 1918 – 10 September 2006), son of Queen Sālote Tupou III and her consort Prince Viliami Tungī Mailefihi, was the king of Tonga from the death of his mother in 1965 until his own death in 2006.

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Tegomass

is a Japanese duo consisting of NEWS members Yuya Tegoshi and Takahisa Masuda, formed to promote Johnny's Entertainment internationally.

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Tempel 1

Tempel 1 (official designation: 9P/Tempel) is a periodic Jupiter-family comet discovered by Wilhelm Tempel in 1867.

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Ten Broeck

Ten Broeck (June 29, 1872 - June 28, 1887) was an American U.S. Racing Hall of Fame Thoroughbred racehorse whose 1878 match race win in Louisville, against the great California mare Mollie McCarty was immortalized in the Kentucky folk song commonly called Molly and Tenbrooks.

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Ten Broeck – Mollie McCarty match race

The Ten Broek - Mollie McCarty match race was a match race on July 4, 1878 between Ten Broeck, a stallion from Kentucky, and Mollie McCarty, a mare from California.

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Terrence Kiel

Terrence Dewayne Kiel (November 24, 1980 – July 4, 2008) was an American safety in the National Football League.

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Terry Higgins

Terrence "Terry" Higgins (10 June 1945 – 4 July 1982) was among the first people known to die of an AIDS-related illness in the United Kingdom.

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The Academy Is...

The Academy Is... is an American rock band from Chicago, Illinois, formed in 2003.

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The Animals

The Animals were a British band of the 1960s, formed in Newcastle upon Tyne during the early part of the decade.

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The Babys

The Babys are a British rock group best known for their songs "Isn't It Time" and "Every Time I Think of You".

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The Bronx Casket Co.

The Bronx Casket Co. is a band from New York City.

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The Brothers Creeggan

The Brothers Creeggan is a Canadian alternative rock/jazz band composed of Jim Creeggan (upright bass, guitar, bass guitar, vocals), Andy Creeggan (guitar, piano, accordion, percussion, vocals) and Ian McLauchlan (drums).

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The Drifters

The Drifters are a long-lasting American doo-wop and R&B/soul vocal group.

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The Fire Theft

The Fire Theft is an indie rock band from Seattle, Washington.

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The Nolans

The Nolans are an Irish-English girl group who formed in 1974 as The Nolan Sisters, before changing their name in 1980.

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Thebes, Greece

Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai,;. Θήβα, Thíva) is a city in Boeotia, central Greece.

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Theodosius II

Theodosius II (Flavius Theodosius Junior Augustus; 10 April 401 – 28 July 450),"Theodosius II" in The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, New York & Oxford, 1991, p. 2051.

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Thomas C. Hart

Thomas Charles Hart (June 12, 1877July 4, 1971) was an Admiral in the United States Navy, whose service extended from the Spanish–American War through World War II.

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Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson (April 13 [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801–1809).

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Thomas John Barnardo

Thomas John Barnardo (4 July 1845 – 19 September 1905) was an Irish philanthropist and founder and director of homes for poor children.

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Thomas M. Disch

Thomas Michael Disch (February 2, 1940 – July 4, 2008) was an American science fiction author and poet.

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Thomas Nagel

Thomas Nagel (born July 4, 1937) is an American philosopher, currently University Professor of Philosophy and Law Emeritus at New York University, where he has taught since 1980.

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Tibor Varga (violinist)

Tibor Varga (4 July 1921 – 4 September 2003) was a violinist, conductor and pedagogue of world-wide renown.

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Todd Marinovich

Todd Marvin Marinovich (born Marvin Scott Marinovich on July 4, 1969) is a former American and Canadian football quarterback.

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Tom Barkhuizen

Thomas John "Tom" Barkhuizen (born 4 July 1993) is an English footballer who plays for Morecambe as a forward.

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Tomaž Šalamun

Tomaž Šalamun (July 4, 1941 – December 27, 2014) was a Slovenian poet who was a leading figure of postwar neo-avant-garde poetry in Central EuropeColm Tóibín (2004), Guardian and internationally acclaimed absurdist.

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Tommy Körberg

Bert Gustav Tommy Körberg (Norsjö, 4 July 1948) is a Swedish singer, actor, and musician.

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Tonio K

Tonio K. (born Steven M. Krikorian, July 4, 1950) is an American singer/songwriter who has released eight albums.

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Tony Popovic

Tony Popovic (Tony Popović,; born 4 July 1973) is an Australian former football player who is the current head coach of A-League club Western Sydney Wanderers.

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Tony Vidmar

Antony "Tony" Vidmar (born 4 July 1970 in Adelaide) is an Australian former football (soccer) player and coach.

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Treaty of Lancaster

The Treaty of Lancaster was a treaty concluded between the Haudenosaunee Confederacy (also known as "Six Nations" or Iroquois) and the colonial governments of Virginia Colony and Maryland Colony.

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Trois-Rivières

Trois-Rivières is a city in the Mauricie administrative region of Quebec, Canada, located at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence Rivers, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from the city of Bécancour.

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Tsardom of Russia

The Tsardom of Russia (Русское царство or, in Hellenized form, Российское царство), also known as the Tsardom of Muscovy, was the name of the centralized Russian state from Ivan IV's assumption of the title of Tsar in 1547 until Peter the Great's foundation of the Russian Empire in 1721.

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Tupou VI

Tupou VI (full name: ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho Tupou; born 12 July 1959) is the King of Tonga.

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Tuskegee University

Tuskegee University is a private, historically black university located in Tuskegee, Alabama, United States.

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U.S. state

A state of the United States of America is one of the 50 constituent political entities that shares its sovereignty with the United States federal government.

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Uganda

Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa.

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Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian SSR or UkSSR; Украї́нська Радя́нська Соціалісти́чна Респу́бліка, Украї́нська РСР; Украи́нская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика, Украи́нская ССР; see "Name" section below), commonly referred to as Soviet Ukraine or simply as Ukraine, was a sovereign Soviet socialist state and one of the fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union from its inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.

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Ulpia Marciana

Ulpia Marciana (August 15 and 30 48 – 112/114) was the beloved elder sister of Roman Emperor Trajan.

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Ulrich of Augsburg

Saint Ulrich of Augsburg (c. 890 – 4 July 973), sometimes spelled Uodalric or Odalrici, was Bishop of Augsburg and a leader of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany.

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Ultima (series)

Ultima is a series of open world fantasy role-playing video games from Origin Systems, Inc. Ultima was created by Richard Garriott, a.k.a. Lord British.

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Ulundi

Ulundi is a town in the Zululand District Municipality.

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Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–77).

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Ulysses S. Grant III

Ulysses Simpson Grant III (July 4, 1881August 29, 1968) was a United States Army officer and planner.

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United States Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

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United States Military Academy

The United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York.

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United States Secretary of State

The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America heading the U.S. Department of State, principally concerned with foreign affairs and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.

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Ute Lemper

Ute Lemper (born 4 July 1963) is a German singer and actress renowned for her interpretation of the work of Kurt Weill.

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V. Appapillai

Velupillai Appapillai (13 November 1913 – 4 July 2001) was a Sri Lankan physicist and academic.

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Vice President of the United States

The Vice President of the United States (VPOTUS) is the second-highest position in the executive branch of the United States, after the president.

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Vicksburg, Mississippi

Vicksburg is a city in and county seat of Warren County, Mississippi, United States.

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Vicky Kaya

Vicky Kaya (Βίκυ Καγιά; born 4 July 1978), is a Greek model, television presenter and occasional actress who has appeared on the covers of numerous international fashion magazines such as Vogue, Esquire, Madame Figaro, Marie Claire, and Elle.

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Victor Babeș

Victor Babeș (4 July 1854 – 19 October 1926) was a Romanian physician, biologist, and one of the earliest bacteriologists.

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Victor Chang

Victor Peter Chang, AC (born Chang Yam Him; 21 November 19364 July 1991), was a Chinese-born Australian cardiac surgeon and a pioneer of modern heart transplantation.

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Victoria Abril

Victoria Abril (born Victoria Mérida Rojas; 4 July 1959) is a Spanish film actress and singer.

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Vienna

Vienna (Wien) is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Vince Spadea

Vincent Spadea (born July 19, 1974) is a former ATP Tour professional tennis player from the United States.

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Vinnie Vincent Invasion

Vinnie Vincent Invasion was an American glam metal band formed in 1984 by former KISS guitarist Vinnie Vincent.

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Vinny Castilla

Vinicio "Vinny" Castilla Soria (born July 4, 1967) is a Mexican-born former Major League Baseball third baseman who played his best years with the Colorado Rockies and Atlanta Braves.

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Viviane Romance

Viviane Romance (July 4, 1912 – September 25, 1991) was a French actress.

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Vladimir Tismăneanu

Vladimir Tismăneanu (born July 4, 1951) is a Romanian and American political scientist, political analyst, sociologist, and professor at the University of Maryland, College Park.

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Walt Whitman

Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist.

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Washington (state)

Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States located north of Oregon, west of Idaho, and south of the Canadian province of British Columbia on the coast of the Pacific Ocean.

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Washington State Penitentiary

Washington State Penitentiary (also called the Walla Walla State Penitentiary) is a Washington State Department of Corrections men's prison located in Walla Walla, Washington.

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Władysław Sikorski

Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski (May 20, 1881 – July 4, 1943) was a Polish military and political leader.

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West Point, New York

West Point is a United States federal military reservation established by Thomas Jefferson in 1802.

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Western Front (World War I)

Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France.

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Wilfred Mugeyi

Wilfred Mugeyi (born 4 July 1969) is a Zimbabwean former footballer who is currently coach at South African Premier Soccer League club AmaZulu FC.

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Will Smith (defensive end)

William Raymond Smith III (born July 4, 1981) is an American football defensive end who is currently a free agent.

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William Conrad Gibbons

William Conrad Gibbons (September 26, 1926 – July 4, 2015) was an American historian and foreign policy expert.

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William Goldsmith

William Goldsmith (born July 4, 1972) is an American drummer best known for being the drummer of the Seattle alternative band Sunny Day Real Estate and for his tenure as the drummer of the alternative rock band Foo Fighters.

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William Kirby (entomologist)

William Kirby (19 September 1759 – 4 July 1850) was an English entomologist, an original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, as well as a country priest, making him an eminent parson-naturalist.

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William L. Marcy

William Learned Marcy (December 12, 1786July 4, 1857) was an American statesman, who served as U.S. Senator, Governor of New York, U.S. Secretary of War and U.S. Secretary of State.

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William N. Oatis

William Nathan Oatis (January 4, 1914 – September 16, 1997) was an American journalist who gained international attention when he was charged with espionage by the Czechoslovak government in 1951.

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William Ramallo

Wílliam Luis Ramallo Fernández (born July 4, 1963) is a retired football striker who was nicknamed "El Pescador del Área", or "El Fantasma".

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William Shockley

William Bradford Shockley Jr. (February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989) was an American physicist and inventor.

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Winnifred Quick

Winnifred Vera Quick (January 23, 1904 – July 4, 2002) was one of the last four remaining survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912.

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Woodrow Wilson

Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.

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World Trade Center site

The World Trade Center site (ZIP code: 10048), formerly known as "Ground Zero" after the September 11 attacks, is a area in Lower Manhattan in New York City.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Wude Ayalew

Wude Ayalew Yimer (Amharic: ውዴ ፡ አያሌው ፡ ይመር; born 4 July 1987 in Gojjam) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner.

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X-Quisite

X-Quisite was an R&B Canadian girl group.

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Yankee Stadium (1923)

Yankee Stadium was a stadium located in the Bronx, a borough of New York City, New York.

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Yevgeniya Medvedeva

Yevgeniya Vladimirovna Medvedeva (Евге́ния Влади́мировна Медве́дева-Арбу́зова; formerly Arbuzova, born 4 July 1976 in Kondopoga, Karelian ASSR) is a Russian cross-country skier who has competed since 1996.

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Yonatan Netanyahu

Yonatan "Yoni" Netanyahu (יוֹנָתָן "יוֹנִי" נְתַנְיָהוּ; March 13, 1946 – July 4, 1976), was the commander of the elite Israeli army commando unit Sayeret Matkal.

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Yoon Doo-joon

Yoon Doojoon, (Hanja:, born on July 4, 1989) commonly known as Doojoon, is a South Korean idol singer, rapper, dancer, and actor.

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Yusuf İsmail

Yusuf Ismail (1857 – July 4, 1898), also widely known as Youssouf Ishmaelo, was a Turkish professional wrestler who competed in Europe and the United States as Yusuf Ismail the Terrible Turk during the 1890s.

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Yvonne B. Miller

Yvonne Bond Miller (July 4, 1934 – July 3, 2012) was an American politician in Virginia.

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Zdzisława Donat

Zdzisława Donat-Pajda (born 4 July 1936, Poznań) is a celebrated Polish coloratura soprano.

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Zeta Tauri

Zeta Tauri (ζ Tau, ζ Tauri) is a binary star in the zodiac constellation Taurus, the Bull.

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Zoe Naylor

Zoe Naylor (born 4 July 1977) is an Australian actress as well as journalist, MC, keynote speaker, writer, voice-artist and producer.

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1054

Year 1054 (MLIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1120

Year 1120 (MCXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1187

Year 1187 (MCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1253

Year 1253 (MCCLIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1330

Year 1330 (MCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1359

Year 1359 (MCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1456

Year 1456 (MCDLVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1534

Year 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1541

Year 1541 (MDXLI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1546

Year 1546 (MDXLVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1551

Year 1551 (MDLI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1603

Year 1603 (MDCIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.

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1610

Year 1610 (MDCX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.

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1634

Year 1634 (MDCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.

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1641

Year 1641 (MDCXLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.

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1648

Year 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.

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1694

Year 1694 (MDCXCIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.

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1715

Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1719

Year 1719 (MDCCXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1742

Year 1742 (MDCCXLII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1744

Year 1744 (MDCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1754

Year 1754 (MDCCLIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1761

Year 1761 (MDCCLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1774

Year 1774 (MDCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1776

Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1778

Year 1778 (MDCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1780

Year 1780 (MDCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1790

Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1799

1799 (MDCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.

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1802

Year 1802 (MDCCCII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1803

Year 1803 (MDCCCIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1804

Year 1804 (MDCCCIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1807

Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1816

Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1817

Year 1817 (MDCCCXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1821

Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1826

Year 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar.

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1827

The year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1831

No description.

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1837

Year 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1838

Year 1838 (MDCCCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1845

Year 1845 (MDCCCXLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1847

Year 1847 (MDCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1848

Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1850

Year 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar.

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1854

Year 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1855

Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1857

Year 1857 (MDCCCLVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1862

Year 1862 (MDCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day later Julian calendar.

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1863

Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1865

Year 1865 (MDCCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day behind Julian calendar.

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1867

Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1868

Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1872

Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1874

Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1878

Year 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1879

Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1881

Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1882

Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1883

Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1886

Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day offset Julian calendar.

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1887

Year 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1888

Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the, at the time 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1891

Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1892

Year 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1894

Year 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1895

Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1896

Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1897

Year 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

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1898

Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar.

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1901

No description.

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1902

No description.

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1903

No description.

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1904

No description.

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1905

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar.

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1907

No description.

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1910

No description.

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1911

No description.

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1911 Eastern North America heat wave

The 1911 Eastern North America heat wave was an 11-day heat wave in New York City and other Eastern cities that killed 380 people starting on July 4, 1911.

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1912

No description.

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1913

No description.

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1913 Gettysburg reunion

The 1913 Gettysburg reunion was a Gettysburg Battlefield encampment of American Civil War veterans for the Battle of Gettysburg's 50th anniversary.

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1914

This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I and also saw the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft with the St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line.

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1916

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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1917

Below, events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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1918

Below, events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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1920

No description.

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1921

No description.

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1922

No description.

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1923

No description.

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1924

No description.

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1926

No description.

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1927

No description.

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1928

No description.

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1929

This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.

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1930

No description.

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1931

No description.

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1932

No description.

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1934

No description.

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1935

No description.

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1936

No description.

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1937

No description.

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1938

No description.

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1939

This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the deadliest human conflict in history.

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1940

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1941

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.

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1942

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1943

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash

The 1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash resulted in the death of an estimated sixteen people, including general Władysław Sikorski, the commander-in-chief of the Polish Army and the Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile.

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1944

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1945

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1946

No description.

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1947

No description.

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1948

No description.

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1949

No description.

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1950

It is also the index year, or year 0, that scientists use for Before Present figures.

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1951

No description.

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1952

No description.

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1953

No description.

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1954

No description.

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1957

No description.

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1958

No description.

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1959

No description.

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1960

It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.

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1961

As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.

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1962

No description.

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1963

No description.

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1964

No description.

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1965

No description.

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1966

No description.

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1967

No description.

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1968

This is the year of the Protests of 1968.

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1969

The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).

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1970

No description.

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1971

The world population increased by 2.1% this year; the highest it ever did in history.

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1972

Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.

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1973

No description.

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1974

No description.

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1976

No description.

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1977

No description.

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1978

2007.

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1979

No description.

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1980

No description.

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1981

No description.

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1982

No description.

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1983

The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.

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1984

No description.

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1985

The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

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1986

The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

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1987

No description.

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1988

In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).

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1989

It was a historical turning point for the wave of revolutions that swept the Eastern Bloc, starting in Poland that summer with the beginning of a move towards private enterprise, coming to a head with opening of the Berlin Wall in November, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

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1990

Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and Yemeni unification, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.

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1991

It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.

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1992

The year was designated as the "International Space Year" by the United Nations.

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1993

No description.

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1994

The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.

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1995

This was the year that the Internet entered public consciousness and also the year it was completely privatized and the United States Government no longer funded it with public money - in April 1995 the NSFNET was retired.

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1996

1996 was designated as.

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1997

No description.

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1998

1998 was designated as.

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1999

1999 was designated as.

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2000

2000 was designated as.

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2001

2001 was designated as.

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2002

The year 2002 was a palindrome, the first since 1991, which, by coincidence, was also a common year that started on a Tuesday.

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2003

2003 was designated the.

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2004

2004 was designated as.

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2005

2005 was designated as.

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2007

2007 was designated as.

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2008

2008 was designated as.

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2009

2009 was designated as.

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2009 Mindanao bombings

The Mindanao bombings was a series of seemingly unrelated bomb attacks that took place on 4, 5, and July 7, 2009 in the towns of Datu Piang and Jolo, and the cities of Cotabato and Iligan in Mindanao, Philippines.

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2010

2010 was designated as.

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2011

2011 was designated as.

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2012

2012 was designated as.

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2013

2013 was designated as.

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2014

2014 was designated as.

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2015

2015 has been designated the International Year of Light and the International Year of Soils by the sixty-eighth session of the United Nations General Assembly.

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362 BC

Year 362 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.

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414

Year 414 (CDXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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673

Year 673 (DCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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68

Year 68 (LXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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836

Year 836 (DCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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907

Year 907 (CMVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

New!!: July 4 and 907 · See more »

943

Year 943 (CMXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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965

Year 965 (CMLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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973

Year 973 (CMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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993

Year 993 (CMXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_4

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