Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!
And Ads-free!


The Lepidoptera is an order of insects that includes moths and butterflies (both called lepidopterans). [1]

475 relations: Actias luna, Adaptive radiation, Afrotropic ecozone, Agasicles hygrophila, Agathiphaga, Agathiphaga queenslandensis, Agathiphaga vitiensis, Agathis, Agriculture, Alternanthera philoxeroides, American painted lady, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Amphibian, Amphiesmenoptera, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Andrey Vasilyevich Martynov, Animal navigation, Annual Reviews (publisher), Ant, Antarctica, Antenna (biology), Antheraea, Anthropomorphism, Aphrissa statira, Apollo (butterfly), Aposematism, Aquatic animal, Aquatic plant, Archaeolepis, Arcola malloi, Arctiinae (erebid moths), Argentina, Asphyxia, Asthma, Atopy, Attacus atlas, Australasian ecozone, Australia, Australian Faunal Directory, Autotroph, Aztec, Bagworm moth, Baltic amber, Bamboo, Basal (phylogenetics), Bat, Batesian mimicry, Bee, Beetle, ..., Beondegi, Biological interaction, Biological life cycle, Bird, Bird nest, Birdwing, Biscuit, Bleeding, Blepharipa, Bombycoidea, Bombyx mandarina, Bombyx mori, Bradypodicola, Brain, Bran, Breathing, Bumblebee, Butterfly, Butterfly gardening, Butterfly ranching in Papua New Guinea, Cactoblastis cactorum, Caddisfly, Cambridge Philosophical Society, Cambridge University Press, Camouflage, Canada, Carl Linnaeus, Carnia, Carnivore, Casein, Caterpillar, Celestial navigation, Censer, Central America, Chorion, Cicada, Circulatory system, Cladistics, Clasper, Cloaca, Coagulopathy, Coevolution, Commensalism, Comparison of butterflies and moths, Compsilura concinnata, Conjunctivitis, Coprophagia, Corpus allatum, Cosmopterigidae, Cossidae, Costa Rica, Cotton, CRC Press, Crepuscular, Cretaceous, Crop (anatomy), Cryptoses choloepi, Cydia deshaisiana, David Grimaldi (entomologist), Death's-head Hawkmoth, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Detritivore, Detritus, Diapause, Diffraction grating, Digestion, Ditrysia, Diurnality, Domestic pigeon, Dorset, Dragonfly, Dutch language, Early Jurassic, Earth's magnetic field, Ecdysis, Ecdysone, Ecozone, Edward Meyrick, Egg, Endocrine system, English language, Entomophagy, Entomophily, Eocene, Epimartyria, Epipyropidae, Eriocraniidae, Esophagus, Eupithecia, Eurema hecabe, Evolutionary arms race, External morphology of Lepidoptera, Eyespot (mimicry), Fairy, Family (biology), Feather, Ferdinand Ochsenheimer, Fiji, Fire, Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Flour, Flower constancy, Flowering plant, Fly, Forest tent caterpillar moth, Fungus, Fur, Fur Formation, Galleria mellonella, Gamete, Gelechioidea, Geometer moth, Geometroidea, Georg Friedrich Treitschke, George Hampson, German language, Germination, Gill, Gland, Glossata, Glyptapanteles, Goblet cell, Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Gracillarioidea, Great tit, Gynaephora groenlandica, Hail Horror Hail, Hair, Hawaii, Heart and Dart, Hedylidae, Heliconius, Helicoverpa, Helicoverpa zea, Hemocyte, Hemolymph, Hepialidae, Herbivore, Heterobathmioidea, Heterotroph, Himalayas, History of silk, Holocene, Holometabolism, Honeycomb, Honeydew (secretion), Horizon, Hornet, Human digestive system, Hummingbird, Humus, Hymenoptera, Hyposmocoma molluscivora, Ignaz Schiffermüller, Imago, Indomalaya ecozone, Insect, Insect mouthparts, Insect physiology, Insect trap, Instar, Iowa State University, Jacob Hübner, Jaguar, Johan Christian Fabricius, Journal of Ethnobiology, Junonia coenia, Jurassic, Keratin, Kermes (insect), Kidney, Korean cuisine, Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things, Kyoto, Lafcadio Hearn, Larva, Lasiocampidae, Latin, Leaf, Leaf miner, Leafhopper, Lepidoptera genitalia, Lepidoptera in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae, Lepidopterist, Lesser wax moth, Limenitidinae, Lineage (evolution), Linen, Lionel Jack Dumbleton, List of butterflies of Australia, List of butterflies of Great Britain, List of butterflies of India, List of butterflies of Minorca, List of butterflies of North America, List of butterflies of Taiwan, List of butterflies of Trinidad and Tobago, List of feeding behaviours, List of moths, Lizard, Lonomia, Luis Buñuel, Lycaenidae, Lymantria dispar dispar, Mach bands, Macrolepidoptera, Maggot, Maguey worm, Mandible (insect mouthpart), Marchantiophyta, Mating, Maya civilization, Müllerian mimicry, Mesoamerica, Mesothorax, Metabolism, Metamorphosis, Metathorax, Mexican jumping bean, Mexico, Michael Denis, Michael S. Engel, Microlepidoptera, Micropterigidae, Micropterix, Micropyle (zoology), Middle English, Midge, Milkweed butterfly, Mimallonoidea, Mimicry, Mnesarchaea, MoClay, Moduza procris, Monarch butterfly, Monophyly, Monotrysia, Monsoon, Moon, Morphology (biology), Moth, Mucous membrane, Museum, Mutualism (biology), Myrmica, National Museum of Natural History, Natural History Museum, London, Nature (journal), Naturwissenschaften, Nearctic ecozone, Nectar, Neotropic ecozone, Nepticulidae, Nightjar, Noctuidae, Noctuoidea, Nocturnality, North Sea, Northumbrian dialect, Nothofagus, Noxious weed, Nymphalidae, Nymphalis antiopa, Ocybadistes walkeri, Oecologia, Old English, Old French, Old Norse, Omen, Opuntia, Order (biology), Osmeterium, Osteochondritis, Oviparity, Ovipositor, Ovoviviparity, Oxford University Press, Painted lady, Palearctic ecozone, Paleocene, Panama, Papilio antimachus, Papilio polytes, Papilio rutulus, Papilionoidea, Paraphyly, Parasetigena, Parasitism, Parasitoid, Parasitoid wasp, Parnassius arcticus, Parnassius epaphus, Patterns in nature, Peppered moth, Pest (organism), Phalaena, Phengaris rebeli, Phenotypic trait, Pheromone, Pheromone trap, Philipp Christoph Zeller, Photonic crystal, Phylogenetics, Pieridae, Pieris brassicae, Pierre André Latreille, Pigment, PLOS Biology, PLOS ONE, Poland, Polarization (waves), Pollen, Pollination, Polyphenism, Portable Document Format, Potassium, Predation, Princeton University Press, Proboscis, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Prodoxidae, Prodryas, Proleg, Prothoracicotropic hormone, Prothorax, Protographium marcellus, Pupa, Pyralidae, Pyraloidea, Queensland, Red-bodied Swallowtail, Respiratory system, Sakha Republic, Salvador Dalí, Samuel Hubbard Scudder, Sarcophaga aldrichi, Scale (anatomy), Scale (Lepidopteran anatomy), Scale insect, Sclerite, Season, Sebastiania, Semolina, Sesiidae, Sex organ, Sexual dimorphism, Sexual selection, Sigh (band), Silene latifolia, Silk, Silver Y, Skipper (butterfly), Sloth, Sloth moth, Societas Europaea Lepidopterologica, Solomon Islands, Soul, South America, Sphingidae, Spider, Spider web, Spinneret (spider), Spodoptera, Springer Science+Business Media, Stamen, Stigma (botany), Structural coloration, Swallowtail butterfly, Symbiosis, Synergy, Syntomeida epilais, Systema Naturae, Taira no Masakado, Taxonomic rank, Taxonomy (biology), Tegeticula, Temperate climate, Teotihuacan, Terrestrial animal, Textile, The Canadian Entomologist, The Silence of the Lambs (film), Thermoregulation, Thymelicus, Tinea (moth), Tinea pellionella, Tineidae, Tineoidea, Tineola bisselliella, Tomato, Tornatellides, Torso, Tortricidae, Trachea, Transverse orientation, Triassic, Trichophaga tapetzella, Trophic level, Tympanal organ, Un Chien Andalou, United States, University of Chicago Press, University of Florida, University of Minnesota, Urania fulgens, Uraniidae, Urticaria, Vanessa atalanta, Vanuatu, Viceroy (butterfly), Voltinism, Walter de Gruyter, Wasp, Wax, Wheat, Wiley-Blackwell, Willi Hennig, Wing, Yponomeutoidea, Yucca, Zapotec civilization, Zenodochium, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, ZW sex-determination system, Zygaena, 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Expand index (425 more) »

Actias luna

The luna moth (Actias luna) is a lime-green, Nearctic Saturniid moth in the family Saturniidae, subfamily Saturniinae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Actias luna · See more »

Adaptive radiation

In evolutionary biology, adaptive radiation is a process in which organisms diversify rapidly into a multitude of new forms, particularly when a change in the environment makes new resources available, creates new challenges, or opens new environmental niches.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Adaptive radiation · See more »

Afrotropic ecozone

The Afrotropic is one of the Earth's eight ecozones.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Afrotropic ecozone · See more »

Agasicles hygrophila

Agasicles hygrophila is a species of leaf beetle known by the common name alligator weed flea beetle.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Agasicles hygrophila · See more »


Agathiphaga is a genus of moths in the family Agathiphagidae, known as kauri moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Agathiphaga · See more »

Agathiphaga queenslandensis

Agathiphaga queenslandensis is a moth of the Agathiphagidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Agathiphaga queenslandensis · See more »

Agathiphaga vitiensis

Agathiphaga vitiensis, or the Fiji kauri moth, is a moth of the Agathiphagidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Agathiphaga vitiensis · See more »


Agathis, commonly known as kauri or dammar, is a relatively small genus of 21 species of evergreen tree.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Agathis · See more »


Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Agriculture · See more »

Alternanthera philoxeroides

Alternanthera philoxeroides, commonly known as alligator weed, is an emergent aquatic plant.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Alternanthera philoxeroides · See more »

American painted lady

The American painted lady or American lady (Vanessa virginiensis)Marrku Savela's Website on Lepidoptera is a butterfly found throughout North America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and American painted lady · See more »

American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH) is a non-profit organization of scientists, clinicians, students and program professionals whose longstanding mission is to promote global health through the prevention and control of infectious and other diseases that disproportionately afflict the global poor.

New!!: Lepidoptera and American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene · See more »


Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Amphibian · See more »


Amphiesmenoptera is an insect superorder, established by S. G. Kiriakoff, but often credited to Willi Hennig in his revision of insect taxonomy for two sister orders: Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) and Trichoptera (caddisflies).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Amphiesmenoptera · See more »

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (circa 600 AD).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ancient Greece · See more »

Ancient Greek

Ancient Greek includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ancient Greek · See more »

Andrey Vasilyevich Martynov

Andrey V. Martynov (1879 – 1938) was a Russian entomologist and palaeontologist, a founder of the Russian palaeoentomological school.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Andrey Vasilyevich Martynov · See more »

Animal navigation

Animal navigation is the ability of many animals to find their way accurately without maps or instruments.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Animal navigation · See more »

Annual Reviews (publisher)

Annual Reviews, located in Palo Alto California, is the non-profit publisher of a collection of 46 review series in specific disciplines in science and social science.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Annual Reviews (publisher) · See more »


Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ant · See more »


Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Antarctica · See more »

Antenna (biology)

Antennae (singular: antenna) in biology have historically been paired appendages used for sensing in arthropods.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Antenna (biology) · See more »


Antheraea is a moth genus belonging to the family Saturniidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Antheraea · See more »


Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human form or other characteristics to beings other than humans, particularly deities and animals.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Anthropomorphism · See more »

Aphrissa statira

The Statira Sulphur, Aphrissa statira, is a species of lepidoptera in the family Pieridae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Aphrissa statira · See more »

Apollo (butterfly)

The Apollo or Mountain Apollo (Parnassius apollo), is a butterfly of the Papilionidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Apollo (butterfly) · See more »


Aposematism (from Greek ἀπό apo away, σ̑ημα sema sign, coined by Edward Bagnall PoultonPoulton, 1890. Foldout "The Colours of Animals Classified According to Their Uses", after page 339.), perhaps most commonly known in the context of warning coloration, describes a family of antipredator adaptations where a warning signal is associated with the unprofitability of a prey item to potential predators.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Aposematism · See more »

Aquatic animal

An aquatic animal is an animal, either vertebrate or invertebrate, which lives in water for most or all of its life.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Aquatic animal · See more »

Aquatic plant

Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Aquatic plant · See more »


Archaeolepis mane is the earliest known Lepidopteran fossil.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Archaeolepis · See more »

Arcola malloi

Arcola malloi (formerly Vogtia malloi) is a species of snout moth known as the alligator weed stem borer.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Arcola malloi · See more »

Arctiinae (erebid moths)

The Arctiinae (formerly called the Arctiidae) are a large and diverse subfamily of moths, with around 11,000 species found all over the world, including 6,000 neotropical species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Arctiinae (erebid moths) · See more »


Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Argentina · See more »


Asphyxia or asphyxiation (from Ancient Greek α- "without" and σφύξις sphyxis, "squeeze" (throb of heart)) is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Asphyxia · See more »


Asthma (from the Greek ἅσθμα, ásthma, "panting") is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Asthma · See more »


Atopy Greek ἀτοπία - placelessness, out of place, special, unusual, extraordinary) or atopic syndrome is a predisposition toward developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions. Atopy may have a hereditary component, although contact with the allergen must occur before the hypersensitivity reaction can develop. The term "atopy" was coined by Coca and Cooke in 1923. Many physicians and scientists use the term "atopy" for any IgE-mediated reaction (even those that are appropriate and proportional to the antigen), but many pediatricians reserve the word "atopy" for a genetically mediated predisposition to an excessive IgE reaction.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Atopy · See more »

Attacus atlas

The Atlas moth (Attacus atlas) is a large saturniid moth found in the tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia, and is common across the Malay archipelago.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Attacus atlas · See more »

Australasian ecozone

The Australasian zone is an ecological region that is coincident, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographic region of Australasia.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Australasian ecozone · See more »


Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Australia · See more »

Australian Faunal Directory

The Australian Faunal Directory (AFD) is an online catalogue of taxonomic and biological information on all animal species known to occur within Australia.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Australian Faunal Directory · See more »


An autotroph ("self-feeding", from the Greek autos "self" and trophe "nourishing") or producer, is an organism that produces complex organic compounds (such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins) from simple substances present in its surroundings, generally using energy from light (photosynthesis) or inorganic chemical reactions (chemosynthesis).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Autotroph · See more »


The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Aztec · See more »

Bagworm moth

The Psychidae (bagworm moths, also simply bagworms or bagmoths) are a family of the Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bagworm moth · See more »

Baltic amber

The Baltic region is home to the largest known deposit of amber, called Baltic amber or succinite.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Baltic amber · See more »


The bamboos are a subfamily (Bambusoideae) of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bamboo · See more »

Basal (phylogenetics)

In phylogenetics, basal is the direction of the base (or root) of a rooted phylogenetic tree or cladogram.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Basal (phylogenetics) · See more »


Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera (from the Greek χείρ - cheir, "hand" and πτερόν - pteron, "wing") whose forelimbs form webbed wings, making them the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bat · See more »

Batesian mimicry

Batesian mimicry is a form of mimicry typified by a situation where a harmless species has evolved to imitate the warning signals of a harmful species directed at a common predator.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Batesian mimicry · See more »


Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best-known bee species, the European honey bee, for producing honey and beeswax.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bee · See more »


Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Beetle · See more »


Beondegi (번데기) is a snack food in Korean cuisine.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Beondegi · See more »

Biological interaction

Biological interactions are the effects that the organisms in a community have on one another.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Biological interaction · See more »

Biological life cycle

In biology, a life cycle is a series of changes in form that an organism undergoes, returning to the starting state.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Biological life cycle · See more »


Birds (class Aves) are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, a beak with no teeth, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a lightweight but strong skeleton.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bird · See more »

Bird nest

A bird nest is the spot in which a bird lays and incubates its eggs and raises its young.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bird nest · See more »


Birdwings are butterflies in the Swallowtail family, that belong to the genera Trogonoptera, Troides, and Ornithoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Birdwing · See more »


Biscuit is a term used for a variety of baked, commonly flour-based food products.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Biscuit · See more »


Bleeding, technically known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging (see American and British spelling differences), is blood escaping from the circulatory system.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bleeding · See more »


Blepharipa is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Blepharipa · See more »


Bombycoidea is the name of a superfamily of moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bombycoidea · See more »

Bombyx mandarina

Bombyx mandarina, the wild silkmoth, is an insect from the moth family Bombycidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bombyx mandarina · See more »

Bombyx mori

The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar of the domesticated silkmoth, Bombyx mori (Latin: "silkworm of the mulberry tree").

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bombyx mori · See more »


Bradypodicola hahneli is a sloth moth in the Pyralidae family that lives exclusively in the fur of the Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus tridactylus), a three-toed sloth found in South America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bradypodicola · See more »


The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Brain · See more »


Bran, also known as miller's bran, is the hard outer layers of cereal grain.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bran · See more »


Breathing is the process that moves air in and out of the lungs, or oxygen through other respiratory organs such as gills.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Breathing · See more »


A bumblebee, also written bumble bee, is a member of the bee genus Bombus, in the family Apidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Bumblebee · See more »


Butterflies are part of the class of insects in the order Lepidoptera, along with the moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Butterfly · See more »

Butterfly gardening

Butterfly gardening is designed to create an environment that attracts butterflies, as well as certain moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Butterfly gardening · See more »

Butterfly ranching in Papua New Guinea

Butterfly ranching in Papua New Guinea is a method for sustainable use of insect biodiversity endorsed and supported by the national government.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Butterfly ranching in Papua New Guinea · See more »

Cactoblastis cactorum

Cactoblastis cactorum, commonly known as the Cactus Moth, South American Cactus Moth, or Nopal Moth, is native to Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and southern Brazil.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cactoblastis cactorum · See more »


The caddisflies are an order, Trichoptera, of insects with approximately 12,000 described species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Caddisfly · See more »

Cambridge Philosophical Society

The Cambridge Philosophical Society (CPS) is a scientific society at the University of Cambridge.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cambridge Philosophical Society · See more »

Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cambridge University Press · See more »


Camouflage is the use of any combination of materials, coloration, or illumination for concealment, either by making animals or objects hard to see (crypsis), or by disguising them as something else (mimesis).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Camouflage · See more »


Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Canada · See more »

Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Carl Linnaeus · See more »


Carnia (Cjargne or Cjargna/Cjargno in local variants, Ciargna, Karnien) is a historical-geographic region in the northeastern Italian area of Friuli.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Carnia · See more »


A carnivore meaning 'meat eater' (Latin, caro meaning 'meat' or 'flesh' and vorare meaning 'to devour') is an organism that derives its energy and nutrient requirements from a diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue, whether through predation or scavenging.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Carnivore · See more »


Casein (or, from Latin caseus, "cheese") is the name for a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Casein · See more »


Caterpillar is the common name for the larvae of members of the order Lepidoptera (the insect order comprising butterflies and moths).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Caterpillar · See more »

Celestial navigation

Celestial navigation, also known as astronavigation, is the ancient art and science of position fixing that enables a navigator to transition through a space without having to rely on estimated calculations, or dead reckoning, to know their position.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Celestial navigation · See more »


Censers are any type of vessels made for burning incense.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Censer · See more »

Central America

Central America (América Central, Centroamérica or América del Centro) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with South America on the southeast.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Central America · See more »


In humans and most mammals, the chorion is one of the membranes that exist during pregnancy between the developing fetus and mother.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Chorion · See more »


The Cicadoidea, cicadas, are a superfamily of insects in the order Hemiptera, suborder Auchenorrhyncha (formerly part of the obsolete "Homoptera"), along with smaller jumping bugs such as leafhoppers and froghoppers.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cicada · See more »

Circulatory system

The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Circulatory system · See more »


Cladistics (from Greek κλάδος, klados, i.e. "branch") is an approach to biological classification in which organisms are categorized based on shared derived characteristics that can be traced to a group's most recent common ancestor and are not present in more distant ancestors.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cladistics · See more »


In biology, a clasper is a male anatomical structure found in some groups of animals, used in mating.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Clasper · See more »


In zoological anatomy, a cloaca is the posterior orifice that serves as the only opening for the intestinal, reproductive, and urinary tracts of certain animal species, opening at the vent.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cloaca · See more »


Coagulopathy (also called a clotting disorder) is a condition in which the blood’s ability to coagulate (form clots) is impaired.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Coagulopathy · See more »


In biology, coevolution is "the change of a biological object triggered by the change of a related object".

New!!: Lepidoptera and Coevolution · See more »


In ecology, commensalism is a class of relationships between two organisms where one organism benefits from the other without affecting it.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Commensalism · See more »

Comparison of butterflies and moths

A common classification of the Lepidoptera involves their differentiation into butterflies and moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Comparison of butterflies and moths · See more »

Compsilura concinnata

Compsilura concinnata (tachinid fly; order Diptera) is a parasitoid native to Europe that was introduced to North America in 1906 to control the population of an exotic forest, univoltine, gypsy moth named Lymantria dispar.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Compsilura concinnata · See more »


Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Conjunctivitis · See more »


Coprophagia or coprophagy is the consumption of feces.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Coprophagia · See more »

Corpus allatum

The corpus allatum (plural: corpora allata), in insect physiology, is an endocrine gland which generates juvenile hormone; as such, it plays a crucial role in metamorphosis.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Corpus allatum · See more »


The Cosmopterigidae are a family of insects (cosmet moths) in the Lepidoptera order.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cosmopterigidae · See more »


Cossidae, the cossid millers or carpenter millers, make up a family of mostly large miller moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cossidae · See more »

Costa Rica

Costa Rica (literally meaning, "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Costa Rica · See more »


Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cotton · See more »

CRC Press

The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group that specializes in producing technical books.

New!!: Lepidoptera and CRC Press · See more »


Crepuscular animals are those that are active primarily during twilight (i.e., dawn and dusk).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Crepuscular · See more »


The Cretaceous, derived from the Latin "creta" (chalk), usually abbreviated K for its German translation Kreide (chalk), is a geologic period and system from to years (Ma) ago.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cretaceous · See more »

Crop (anatomy)

A crop (sometimes also called a croup or a craw, or ingluvies) is a thin-walled expanded portion of the alimentary tract used for the storage of food prior to digestion.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Crop (anatomy) · See more »

Cryptoses choloepi

Cryptoses choloepi is a sloth moth in the snout moth family that lives exclusively in the fur of sloths, mammals found in South and Central America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cryptoses choloepi · See more »

Cydia deshaisiana

Cydia deshaisiana or jumping bean moth is a moth from Mexico that is most widely known as its larva, where it inhabits the carpels of seeds from several species of the shrub genus Sebastiania (S. pavoniana or S. palmeri).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Cydia deshaisiana · See more »

David Grimaldi (entomologist)

David A. Grimaldi (born September 22, 1957) is an entomologist and Curator of Invertebrate Zoology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

New!!: Lepidoptera and David Grimaldi (entomologist) · See more »

Death's-head Hawkmoth

The name Death's-head Hawkmoth refers to any one of the three moth species of the genus Acherontia (Acherontia atropos, Acherontia styx and Acherontia lachesis).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Death's-head Hawkmoth · See more »

Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

The Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts was an Australian Government department that existed between December 2007 and September 2010.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts · See more »


Detritivores, also known as detritophages, detritus feeders, detritus eaters, or saprophages, are heterotrophs that obtain nutrients by consuming detritus (decomposing plant and animal parts as well as feces).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Detritivore · See more »


In biology, detritus is dead particulate organic material (as opposed to dissolved organic material).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Detritus · See more »


Diapause, when referencing animal dormancy, is the delay in development in response to regularly and recurring periods of adverse environmental conditions.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Diapause · See more »

Diffraction grating

In optics, a diffraction grating is an optical component with a periodic structure, which splits and diffracts light into several beams travelling in different directions.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Diffraction grating · See more »


Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Digestion · See more »


The Ditrysia are a natural group or clade of insects in the Lepidopteran order containing both butterflies and moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ditrysia · See more »


Diurnality is a plant or animal behavior characterized by activity during the day and sleeping, or other inactivity, at night.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Diurnality · See more »

Domestic pigeon

The domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) is a pigeon that was derived from the rock pigeon.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Domestic pigeon · See more »


Dorset (or archaically, Dorsetshire), is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Dorset · See more »


A dragonfly is an insect belonging to the order Odonata, suborder Anisoptera (from Greek ανισος anisos "uneven" + πτερος pteros, "wings", because the hindwing is broader than the forewing).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Dragonfly · See more »

Dutch language

Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Dutch language · See more »

Early Jurassic

The Early Jurassic epoch (in chronostratigraphy corresponding to the Lower Jurassic series) is the earliest of three epochs of the Jurassic period.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Early Jurassic · See more »

Earth's magnetic field

Earth's magnetic field, also known as the geomagnetic field, is the magnetic field that extends from the Earth's interior to where it meets the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Earth's magnetic field · See more »


Ecdysis is the moulting of the cuticle in many invertebrates.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ecdysis · See more »


Ecdysone is a steroidal prohormone of the major insect molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone, which is secreted from the prothoracic glands.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ecdysone · See more »


An ecozone is the broadest biogeographic division of the Earth's land surface, based on distributional patterns of terrestrial organisms.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ecozone · See more »

Edward Meyrick

Edward Meyrick FRS (24 November 1854 – 31 March 1938) was an English schoolmaster and amateur entomologist.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Edward Meyrick · See more »


An egg is the organic vessel containing the zygote in which an animal embryo develops until it can survive on its own, at which point the animal hatches.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Egg · See more »

Endocrine system

The endocrine system refers to the collection of glands of an organism that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Endocrine system · See more »

English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

New!!: Lepidoptera and English language · See more »


Entomophagy (from Greek ἔντομον éntomon, "insect", and φᾰγεῖν phagein, "to eat") is the human consumption of insects as food: human insectivory.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Entomophagy · See more »


Entomophily is a form of pollination whereby pollen or spores are distributed by insects.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Entomophily · See more »


The Eocene (symbol E&thinsp) Epoch, lasting from, is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Paleogene Period in the Cenozoic Era.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Eocene · See more »


Epimartyria is a genus of small primitive metallic moths in the insect order Lepidoptera within the family Micropterigidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Epimartyria · See more »


The Epipyropidae comprise a small family of moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Epipyropidae · See more »


Eriocraniidae is a family of moths restricted to the Holarctic region, with six extant genera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Eriocraniidae · See more »


The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English), commonly known as the foodpipe or gullet, is an organ in vertebrates which consists of a fibromuscular tube through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Esophagus · See more »


Eupithecia is a large genus of moths of the family Geometridae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Eupithecia · See more »

Eurema hecabe

The Large Grass Yellow or Common Grass Yellow (Eurema hecabe) is a small pierid butterfly species found in Asia or Africa.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Eurema hecabe · See more »

Evolutionary arms race

In evolutionary biology, an evolutionary arms race is an evolutionary struggle between competing sets of co-evolving genes, traits, or species, that develop adaptations and counter-adaptations against each other, resembling an arms race, which could be, and often are, described as examples of positive feedback.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Evolutionary arms race · See more »

External morphology of Lepidoptera

The external morphology of Lepidoptera is the physiological structure of the bodies of insects belonging to the order Lepidoptera, also known as butterflies and moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and External morphology of Lepidoptera · See more »

Eyespot (mimicry)

An eyespot (sometimes ocellus) is an eye-like marking.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Eyespot (mimicry) · See more »


A fairy (also fay, fae, fair folk; from faery, faerie, "realm of the fays") is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore, a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural, or preternatural.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Fairy · See more »

Family (biology)

In biological classification, family (familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Family (biology) · See more »


Feathers are epidermal growths that form the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on birds and some non-avian theropod dinosaurs.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Feather · See more »

Ferdinand Ochsenheimer

Ferdinand Ochsenheimer (17 March 1767 – 2 November 1822) was a German actor and entomologist (lepidopterist).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ferdinand Ochsenheimer · See more »


Fiji (Viti; फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; रिपब्लिक ऑफ फीजी Ripablik ăph Phījī), is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Fiji · See more »


Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Fire · See more »

Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument

The Florissant Fossil Bed National Monument is a national monument located in Teller County, Colorado.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument · See more »


Flour is a powder made by grinding uncooked cereal grains or other seeds or roots (like cassava).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Flour · See more »

Flower constancy

Flower constancy or pollinator constancy is defined as the tendency of individual pollinators to exclusively visit certain flower species or morphs within a species, bypassing other available flower species that could potentially be more rewarding (i.e. contain more nectar).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Flower constancy · See more »

Flowering plant

The flowering plants (angiosperms), also known as Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Flowering plant · See more »


True flies are insects of the order Diptera (from the Greek di.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Fly · See more »

Forest tent caterpillar moth

The forest tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma disstria) is a North American moth found throughout the United States and Canada, especially in the eastern regions.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Forest tent caterpillar moth · See more »


A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes unicellular microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as multicellular fungi that produce familiar fruiting forms known as mushrooms.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Fungus · See more »


Fur is used in reference to the hair of animals, usually mammals, particularly those with extensive body hair coverage.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Fur · See more »

Fur Formation

The Fur Formation is a marine geological formation of Ypresian (Lower Eocene Epoch, c. 56.0-54.5 Ma) age which crops out in the Limfjord region of Denmark from Silstrup via Mors and Fur to Ertebølle, and can be seen in many cliffs and quarries in the area.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Fur Formation · See more »

Galleria mellonella

The greater wax moth or honeycomb moth (Galleria mellonella) is a moth of the family Pyralidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Galleria mellonella · See more »


A gamete (from Ancient Greek γαμετή gamete "wife") is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that sexually reproduce.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Gamete · See more »


Gelechioidea (from the type genus Gelechia, "resting on the ground") is the superfamily of moths that contains the case-bearers, twirler moths, and relatives, also simply called curved-horn moths or gelechioid moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Gelechioidea · See more »

Geometer moth

The geometer moths or Geometridae (from Greek geo γη or γαια 'the earth' and metron μέτρων 'measure' — refers to the larvae, or inchworms, which appear to "measure the earth" as they move in a looping fashion) are a family of the order Lepidoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Geometer moth · See more »


Geometroidea is the superfamily of geometrid moths in the Lepidoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Geometroidea · See more »

Georg Friedrich Treitschke

Georg Friedrich Treitschke (29 August 1776 – 4 June 1842) was a German librettist, translator and lepidopterist.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Georg Friedrich Treitschke · See more »

George Hampson

Sir George Francis Hampson, 10th Baronet (14 January 1860 – 15 October 1936) was a British entomologist.

New!!: Lepidoptera and George Hampson · See more »

German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and German language · See more »


Germination is the process by which a plant grows from a seed.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Germination · See more »


A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Gill · See more »


A gland is an organ in an animal's body that synthesizes a substance such as hormones for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Gland · See more »


Glossata (Fabricius, 1775) is the suborder of the insect order Lepidoptera that includes all the superfamilies of moths and butterflies that have a coilable proboscis.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Glossata · See more »


Glyptapanteles is a genus of endoparasitoid wasp found in Central and North America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Glyptapanteles · See more »

Goblet cell

A goblet cell is a glandular, modified simple columnar epithelial cell whose function is to secrete gel-forming mucins, the major components of mucus.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Goblet cell · See more »

Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer

Dr Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer (17 December 1799 – 14 April 1874) was a German entomologist and physician.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer · See more »


Gracillarioidea is a large superfamily containing four families of insects in the order Lepidoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Gracillarioidea · See more »

Great tit

The great tit (Parus major) is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Great tit · See more »

Gynaephora groenlandica

Gynaephora groenlandica, the Arctic woolly bear moth, is a lymantriid moth found within the Arctic circle, in Greenland and Canada.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Gynaephora groenlandica · See more »

Hail Horror Hail

Hail Horror Hail is an album by the band Sigh.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hail Horror Hail · See more »


Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis, or skin.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hair · See more »


Hawaii (locally,; Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent U.S. state to join the United States, having joined on August 21, 1959.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hawaii · See more »

Heart and Dart

The Heart and Dart (Agrotis exclamationis) is a moth of the family Noctuidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Heart and Dart · See more »


Hedylidae, the "American moth-butterflies", is a family of insects in the lepidopteran order, representing the superfamily Hedyloidea.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hedylidae · See more »


Heliconius comprises a colorful and widespread genus of brush-footed butterfly commonly known as the longwings or heliconians. This genus is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the New World, from South America as far north as the southern United States. The larvae of these butterflies eat Passion flower vines (Passifloraceae). Adults exhibit bright wing color patterns to signal their distastefulness to potential predators. Brought to the forefront of scientific attention by Victorian naturalists, these butterflies exhibit a striking diversity and mimicry, both amongst themselves and with species in other groups of butterflies and moths. The study of Heliconius and other groups of mimetic butterflies allowed the English naturalist Henry Walter Bates, following his return from Brazil in 1859, to lend support to Charles Darwin, who had found similar diversity amongst the Galapagos Finches.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Heliconius · See more »


Helicoverpa is a genus of moth in the Noctuidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Helicoverpa · See more »

Helicoverpa zea

Helicoverpa zea, commonly known as the corn earworm, is a species (formerly in the genus Heliothis) in the family Noctuidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Helicoverpa zea · See more »


A hemocyte is a cell that plays a role in the immune system of invertebrates.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hemocyte · See more »


Hemolymph, or haemolymph, is a fluid, analogous to the blood in vertebrates, that circulates in the interior of the arthropod body remaining in direct contact with the animal's tissues.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hemolymph · See more »


The Hepialidae are a family of insects in the lepidopteran order.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hepialidae · See more »


A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Herbivore · See more »


The Heterobathmioidea are a superfamily of the Lepidoptera, comprising the single family Heterobathmiidae, which itself contains only a single genus, Heterobathmia.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Heterobathmioidea · See more »


A heterotroph (ἕτερος heteros.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Heterotroph · See more »


The Himalayas or Himalaya (or; हिमालय, Nepali: हिमालय, Hindi: हिमालय, ہمالیہ; from Sanskrit hima (snow) + ālaya (dwelling), literally meaning "abode of snow") is a mountain range in South Asia and East Asia which separates the Indo-Gangetic Plain from the Tibetan Plateau.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Himalayas · See more »

History of silk

The production of silk originates in China in the Neolithic (Yangshao culture, 4th millennium BCE).

New!!: Lepidoptera and History of silk · See more »


The Holocene is the geological epoch that began after the Pleistocene at approximately 11,700 years BP and continues to the present.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Holocene · See more »


Holometabolism, also called complete metamorphism, is a form of insect development which includes four life stages – as an embryo or egg, a larva, a pupa and an imago or adult.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Holometabolism · See more »


A honeycomb is a mass of hexagonal wax cells built by honey bees in their nests to contain their larvae and stores of honey and pollen.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Honeycomb · See more »

Honeydew (secretion)

Honeydew is a sugar-rich sticky liquid, secreted by aphids and some scale insects as they feed on plant sap.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Honeydew (secretion) · See more »


The horizon or skyline is the apparent line that separates earth from sky, the line that divides all visible directions into two categories: those that intersect the Earth's surface, and those that do not.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Horizon · See more »


Hornets are insects, and the largest eusocial wasps.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hornet · See more »

Human digestive system

In the human digestive system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth (oral cavity).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Human digestive system · See more »


The Hummingbirds are New World birds that constitute the family Trochilidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hummingbird · See more »


In soil science, humus (coined 1790–1800; from the Latin humus: earth, ground) refers to the fraction of soil organic matter that is amorphous and without the "cellular structure characteristic of plants, micro-organisms or animals." Humus significantly influences the bulk density of soil and contributes to moisture and nutrient retention.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Humus · See more »


The Hymenoptera are the third largest orders of insects, comprising the sawflies, wasps, bees and ants.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera · See more »

Hyposmocoma molluscivora

Hyposmocoma molluscivora is a Hawaiian moth whose larvae are predators, capturing snails in their silk, much like a hunting spider's web, and then crawling inside the snail's shell to eat it alive.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Hyposmocoma molluscivora · See more »

Ignaz Schiffermüller

Ignaz Schiffermüller (born 2 October 1727 in Hellmonsödt; died 21 June 1806 in Linz) was an Austrian naturalist mainly interested in Lepidoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ignaz Schiffermüller · See more »


In biology, the imago is the last stage an insect attains during its metamorphosis, its process of growth and development; it also is called the imaginal stage, the stage in which the insect attains maturity.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Imago · See more »

Indomalaya ecozone

The Indomalaya ecozone is one of the eight ecozones.It extends across most of South and Southeast Asia and into the southern parts of East Asia.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Indomalaya ecozone · See more »


Insects (from Latin insectum, a calque of Greek ἔντομον, "cut into sections") are a class of invertebrates within the arthropod phylum that have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Insect · See more »

Insect mouthparts

Insects exhibit a range of mouthparts, adapted to particular modes of feeding.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Insect mouthparts · See more »

Insect physiology

Insect physiology includes the physiology and biochemistry of insect organ systems.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Insect physiology · See more »

Insect trap

Insect traps are used to monitor or directly reduce populations of insects or other arthropods.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Insect trap · See more »


An instar (from the Latin "form", "likeness") is a developmental stage of arthropods, such as insects, between each moult (ecdysis), until sexual maturity is reached.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Instar · See more »

Iowa State University

Iowa State University of Science and Technology, more commonly known as Iowa State University, Iowa State, or ISU, is a public land-grant and space-grant research university located in Ames, Iowa, United States.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Iowa State University · See more »

Jacob Hübner

Jacob Hübner (20 June 1761 – 13 September 1826, in Augsburg) was a German entomologist.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Jacob Hübner · See more »


The jaguar, Panthera onca, is a big cat, a feline in the Panthera genus, and is the only extant Panthera species native to the Americas.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Jaguar · See more »

Johan Christian Fabricius

Johan Christian Fabricius (7 January 1745 – 3 March 1808) was a Danish zoologist, specialising in "Insecta", which at that time included all arthropods: insects, arachnids, crustaceans and others.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Johan Christian Fabricius · See more »

Journal of Ethnobiology

The Journal of Ethnobiology is a triannual peer-reviewed academic journal covering ethnobiology.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Journal of Ethnobiology · See more »

Junonia coenia

The common buckeye or simply, buckeye, (Junonia coenia) is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Junonia coenia · See more »


The Jurassic (from Jura Mountains) is a geologic period and system that extends from 201.3± 0.6 Ma (million years ago) to 145± 4 Ma; from the end of the Triassic to the beginning of the Cretaceous.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Jurassic · See more »


Keratin is a family of fibrous structural proteins.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Keratin · See more »

Kermes (insect)

Kermes is a genus of scale insects in the order Hemiptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Kermes (insect) · See more »


The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Kidney · See more »

Korean cuisine

Korean cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political change.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Korean cuisine · See more »

Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things

, often shortened to Kwaidan, is a book by Lafcadio Hearn that features several Japanese ghost stories and a brief non-fiction study on insects.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things · See more »


, formerly known as Meaco, is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Kyoto · See more »

Lafcadio Hearn

Patrick Lafcadio Hearn (27 June 1850 – 26 September 1904), known also by the Japanese name, was an international writer, known best for his books about Japan, especially his collections of Japanese legends and ghost stories, such as Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lafcadio Hearn · See more »


A larva (plural larvae) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Larva · See more »


The Lasiocampidae are a family of moths also known as eggars, snout moths, or lappet moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lasiocampidae · See more »


Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Latin · See more »


A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Leaf · See more »

Leaf miner

A leaf miner is the larva of an insect that lives in and eats the leaf tissue of plants.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Leaf miner · See more »


Leafhopper is a common name applied to any species from the family Cicadellidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Leafhopper · See more »

Lepidoptera genitalia

The study of the genitalia of Lepidoptera is important for Lepidoptera taxonomy in addition to development, anatomy and natural history.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lepidoptera genitalia · See more »

Lepidoptera in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae

In the 10th edition of Systema Naturae, Carl Linnaeus classified the arthropods, including insects, arachnids and crustaceans, among his class "Insecta".

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lepidoptera in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae · See more »


A lepidopterist or aurelian is a person who specialises in the study of Lepidoptera, members of an order encompassing moths and the three superfamilies of butterflies, skipper butterflies, and moth-butterflies.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lepidopterist · See more »

Lesser wax moth

Achroia grisella, the lesser wax moth, is a small moth of the snout moth family (Pyralidae), wherein it belongs to the subfamily Galleriinae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lesser wax moth · See more »


The Limenitidinae ares a subfamily of butterflies that includes the admirals and relatives.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Limenitidinae · See more »

Lineage (evolution)

An evolutionary lineage is a sequence of species, that form a line of descent, each new species the direct result of speciation from an immediate ancestral species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lineage (evolution) · See more »


Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Linen · See more »

Lionel Jack Dumbleton

Lionel Jack Dumbleton (1905 – 25 September 1976) was a New Zealand entomologist.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lionel Jack Dumbleton · See more »

List of butterflies of Australia

Australia has more than 400 species of butterfly, the majority of which are continental species, and more than a dozen endemic species from remote islands administered by various Australian territorial governments.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of butterflies of Australia · See more »

List of butterflies of Great Britain

This is a list of butterflies of Great Britain, including extinct, naturalised species and those of dubious origin.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of butterflies of Great Britain · See more »

List of butterflies of India

India has extremly diverse terrain, climate and vegetation, which comprises extremes of heat and butterfly is found inside volcanoes and under water and land cold, of desert and jungle, of low lying plains and the highest mountains, of dryness and dampness, islands and continental areas, widely varying flora, and sharply marked seasons.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of butterflies of India · See more »

List of butterflies of Minorca

Minorca is a small island in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain, with a population of approximately 88,000.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of butterflies of Minorca · See more »

List of butterflies of North America

This list includes all of the common and scientific names of butterflies of North America north of Mexico.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of butterflies of North America · See more »

List of butterflies of Taiwan

At least 377 species of butterfly have been recorded in Taiwan, with some reports putting the number at over 400.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of butterflies of Taiwan · See more »

List of butterflies of Trinidad and Tobago

The combined efforts of generations of resident and visiting naturalists have helped to make the butterfly fauna of Tobago well known.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of butterflies of Trinidad and Tobago · See more »

List of feeding behaviours

Feeding is the process by which organisms, typically animals, obtain food.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of feeding behaviours · See more »

List of moths

This is an incomplete list of species of Lepidoptera that are commonly known as moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and List of moths · See more »


Lizards are a widespread group of squamate reptiles, with approximately over 6,000 species, ranging across all continents except Antarctica, as well as most oceanic island chains.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lizard · See more »


The genus Lonomia is a moderate-sized group of fairly cryptic saturniid moths from South America, famous not for the adults, but for their highly venomous caterpillars, which are responsible for a few deaths each year, especially in southern Brazil, and the subject of hundreds of published medical studies.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lonomia · See more »

Luis Buñuel

Luis Buñuel Portolés (22 February 1900 – 29 July 1983) was a Spanish filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Luis Buñuel · See more »


Lycaenidae is the second-largest family of butterflies (behind Nymphalidae, brush-footed butterflies), with over 5,000 species worldwide, whose members are also called gossamer-winged butterflies.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lycaenidae · See more »

Lymantria dispar dispar

Lymantria dispar dispar, commonly known as the gypsy moth, European gypsy moth, or North American gypsy moth, is a moth in the family Erebidae that is of Eurasian origin.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Lymantria dispar dispar · See more »

Mach bands

Mach bands is an optical illusion named after the physicist Ernst Mach. It exaggerates the contrast between edges of the slightly differing shades of gray, as soon as they contact one another, by triggering edge-detection in the human visual system.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mach bands · See more »


Macrolepidoptera is a group within the insect order Lepidoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Macrolepidoptera · See more »


A maggot is the larva of a fly (order Diptera); it is applied in particular to the larvae of Brachyceran flies, such as houseflies, cheese flies, and blowflies, rather than larvae of the Nematocera, such as mosquitoes and Crane flies.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Maggot · See more »

Maguey worm

The maguey worm, scientific name Aegiale hesperiaris, (gu'sanos de magei chinicuil), is one of two varieties of edible caterpillars that infest maguey (''Agave americana'') and Agave tequilana plants.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Maguey worm · See more »

Mandible (insect mouthpart)

Insect mandibles are a pair of appendages near the insect’s mouth, and the most anterior of the three pairs of oral appendages (the labrum is more anterior, but is a single fused structure).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mandible (insect mouthpart) · See more »


The Marchantiophyta are a division of non-vascular bryophyte land plants commonly referred to as hepatics or liverworts.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Marchantiophyta · See more »


In biology, mating is the pairing of opposite-sex or hermaphroditic organisms, usually for the purposes of sexual reproduction.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mating · See more »

Maya civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, noted for the Maya hieroglyphic script, the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Maya civilization · See more »

Müllerian mimicry

Müllerian mimicry is a natural phenomenon in which two or more poisonous species, that may or may not be closely related and share one or more common predators, have come to mimic each other's warning signals.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Müllerian mimicry · See more »


Mesoamerica is a region and cultural area in the Americas, extending approximately from central Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mesoamerica · See more »


The mesothorax is the middle of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the second pair of legs.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mesothorax · See more »


Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Metabolism · See more »


Metamorphosis is a biological process by which an animal physically develops after birth or hatching, involving a conspicuous and relatively abrupt change in the animal's body structure through cell growth and differentiation.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Metamorphosis · See more »


The metathorax is the posterior of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the third pair of legs.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Metathorax · See more »

Mexican jumping bean

Mexican jumping beans (also known as frijoles saltarines in Spanish), native to Mexico, are seed pods that have been inhabited by the larva of a small moth (Cydia deshaisiana).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mexican jumping bean · See more »


Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mexico · See more »

Michael Denis

Johann Nepomuk Cosmas Michael Denis, also: Sined the Bard, (27 September 1729 – 29 September 1800) was an Austrian poet, bibliographer, and lepidopterist.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Michael Denis · See more »

Michael S. Engel

Michael S. Engel, FLS (born September 24, 1971) is an American paleontologist and entomologist, notable for contributions to insect evolutionary biology and classification.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Michael S. Engel · See more »


Microlepidoptera (micromoths) is an artificial (i.e., unranked and not monophyletic) grouping of moth families, commonly known as the 'smaller moths' (micro, Lepidoptera).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Microlepidoptera · See more »


Micropterigoidea is the superfamily of "mandibulate archaic moths", all placed in the single family Micropterigidae, containing currently about 20 living genera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Micropterigidae · See more »


Micropterix is a genus of small primitive metallic moths in the insect order Lepidoptera within the family Micropterigidae that is distributed across Europe south to North Africa and east as far as Japan.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Micropterix · See more »

Micropyle (zoology)

A micropyle is a pore in the membrane covering the ovum, through which a sperm enters.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Micropyle (zoology) · See more »

Middle English

Middle English (ME) refers to the dialects of the English language spoken in parts of the British Isles after the Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Middle English · See more »


Midges are a group of insects that include many kinds of small flies.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Midge · See more »

Milkweed butterfly

Milkweed butterflies are a subfamily, Danainae, in the family Nymphalidae, or brush-footed butterflies.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Milkweed butterfly · See more »


Mimallonoidea is the superfamily of sack bearer moths, containing the single family Mimallonidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mimallonoidea · See more »


In evolutionary biology, mimicry is a similarity of one species to another that protects one or both.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mimicry · See more »


Mnesarchaeoidea is a superfamily of "New Zealand primitive moths" containing one family, Mnesarchaeidae and a single genus, Mnesarchaea, endemic to New Zealand.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mnesarchaea · See more »


The Moclay (Moclay.

New!!: Lepidoptera and MoClay · See more »

Moduza procris

The Commander (Moduza procris), sometimes included in the genus Limenitis), is a medium-sized, strikingly coloured brush-footed butterfly found in Asia. It is notable for the mode of concealment employed by its caterpillar and the cryptic camouflage of its pupa.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Moduza procris · See more »

Monarch butterfly

The monarch butterfly or simply monarch (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Monarch butterfly · See more »


In common cladistic usage, a monophyletic group is a taxon (group of organisms) which forms a clade, meaning that it consists of an ancestral species and all its descendants.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Monophyly · See more »


The Monotrysia is a group of insects in the Lepidopteran order which is not currently considered to be a natural group or clade.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Monotrysia · See more »


Monsoon (UK:; US) is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Monsoon · See more »


The Moon (in Greek: Selene, in Latin: Luna) is Earth's only natural satellite.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Moon · See more »

Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Morphology (biology) · See more »


Moths are a group of insects related to butterflies belonging to the order Lepidoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Moth · See more »

Mucous membrane

A mucous membrane or mucosa (plural, mucosae or mucosas; Latin tunica mucosa) is a lining of mostly endodermal origin.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mucous membrane · See more »


A museum (/mjuˈziːəm/; ''myoo-'''zee'''-um'') is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance and makes them available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Museum · See more »

Mutualism (biology)

Mutualism is the way two organisms of different species exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Mutualism (biology) · See more »


Myrmica is a genus of ants within the subfamily Myrmicinae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Myrmica · See more »

National Museum of Natural History

The National Museum of Natural History is a natural history museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., United States.

New!!: Lepidoptera and National Museum of Natural History · See more »

Natural History Museum, London

The Natural History Museum in London is a museum exhibiting a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Natural History Museum, London · See more »

Nature (journal)

Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nature (journal) · See more »


Naturwissenschaften, The Science of Nature is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer Science+Business Media covering all aspects of the natural sciences relating to questions of biological significance.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Naturwissenschaften · See more »

Nearctic ecozone

The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones constituting the Earth's land surface.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nearctic ecozone · See more »


Nectar is a sugar-rich liquid produced by plants in glands called nectaries, either within the flowers with which it attracts pollinating animals, or by extrafloral nectaries, which provide a nutrient source to animal mutualists, which in turn provide antiherbivore protection.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nectar · See more »

Neotropic ecozone

The Neotropic ecozone is one of the eight ecozones constituting the Earth's land surface.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Neotropic ecozone · See more »


Nepticulidae is a family of very small moths with a worldwide distribution.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nepticulidae · See more »


Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal or crepuscular birds in the family Caprimulgidae, characterized by long wings, short legs and very short bills.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nightjar · See more »


The Noctuidae or owlet moths are a family of robustly built moths that includes more than 35,000 known species out of possibly 100,000 total, in more than 4,200 genera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Noctuidae · See more »


Noctuoidea is the superfamily of noctuid (Latin "night owl") or "owlet" moths, and has more than 70000 described species, the largest number of for any Lepidopteran superfamily.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Noctuoidea · See more »


Nocturnality is an animal behavior characterized by activity during the night and sleeping during the day.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nocturnality · See more »

North Sea

The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

New!!: Lepidoptera and North Sea · See more »

Northumbrian dialect

Northumbrian was a dialect of the Old English language spoken in the Anglian Kingdom of Northumbria.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Northumbrian dialect · See more »


Nothofagus, also known as the southern beeches, is a genus of 36 species of trees and shrubs native to the Southern Hemisphere in southern South America (Chile, Argentina) and Australasia (east and southeast Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and New Caledonia).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nothofagus · See more »

Noxious weed

A noxious weed or injurious weed is a weed that has been designated by an agricultural authority as one that is injurious to agricultural or horticultural crops, natural habitats or ecosystems, or humans or livestock.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Noxious weed · See more »


The Nymphalidae are the largest family of butterflies with about 6,000 species distributed throughout most of the world.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nymphalidae · See more »

Nymphalis antiopa

Nymphalis antiopa, known as the Mourning Cloak in North America and the Camberwell Beauty in Britain, is a large butterfly native to Eurasia and North America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Nymphalis antiopa · See more »

Ocybadistes walkeri

Ocybadistes walkeri, commonly known as the Greenish Grass-dart, Green Grass-dart, Southern Dart or Yellow-banded Dart, is a type of butterfly known as a Skipper found in eastern and southern Australia, with one subspecies found in the Northern Territory.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ocybadistes walkeri · See more »


Oecologia is an international peer-reviewed English-language journal published by Springer since 1968 (some articles were published in German or French until 1976).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Oecologia · See more »

Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc) or Anglo-Saxon is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Old English · See more »

Old French

Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French ancien français) was the Gallo-Romance dialect continuum spoken from the 9th century to the 14th century.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Old French · See more »

Old Norse

Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements during about the 9th to 13th centuries.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Old Norse · See more »


An omen (also called portent or presage) is a phenomenon that is believed to foretell the future, often signifying the advent of change.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Omen · See more »


Opuntia is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Opuntia · See more »

Order (biology)

In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Order (biology) · See more »


The osmeterium is a defensive organ found in all Papilionid larvae, in all stages.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Osmeterium · See more »


Osteochondritis is a painful type of osteochondrosis where the cartilage or bone in a joint is inflamed.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Osteochondritis · See more »


Oviparous animals are animals that lay eggs, with little or no other embryonic development within the mother.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Oviparity · See more »


The ovipositor is an organ used by some animals for the laying of eggs.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ovipositor · See more »


Ovoviviparity, ovovivipary, or ovivipary, is a mode of reproduction in animals in which embryos that develop inside eggs remain in the mother's body until they are ready to hatch.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Ovoviviparity · See more »

Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Oxford University Press · See more »

Painted lady

The Cynthia group of colourful butterflies, commonly called painted ladies, comprises a subgenus of the genus Vanessa in the Family Nymphalidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Painted lady · See more »

Palearctic ecozone

The Palearctic or Palaearctic is one of the eight ecozones constituting the Earth's surface.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Palearctic ecozone · See more »


The Paleocene (or; symbol Pε&thinsp) or Palaeocene, the "old recent", is a geologic epoch that lasted from about.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Paleocene · See more »


Panama (Panamá), officially called the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America situated between North and South America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Panama · See more »

Papilio antimachus

The Giant African Swallowtail (Papilio antimachus) is a butterfly in the family Papilionidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Papilio antimachus · See more »

Papilio polytes

The common Mormon (Papilio polytes) is a common species of swallowtail butterfly widely distributed across Asia.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Papilio polytes · See more »

Papilio rutulus

The western tiger swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) is a common swallowtail butterfly of western North America, frequently seen in urban parks and gardens, as well as in rural woodlands and riparian areas.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Papilio rutulus · See more »


The superfamily Papilionoidea (from the genus Papilio, meaning "butterfly") contains all the butterflies except for the skippers, which are classified in superfamily Hesperioidea, and the moth-like Hedyloidea.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Papilionoidea · See more »


In taxonomy, a group is said to be paraphyletic if it consists of all the descendants of the group's last common ancestor minus a small number of monophyletic subgroups of descendants, typically just one or two such subgroups.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Paraphyly · See more »


Parasetigena is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Parasetigena · See more »


In biology/ecology, parasitism is a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where one species, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Parasitism · See more »


A parasitoid is an organism that spends a significant portion of its life history attached to or within a single host organism in a relationship that is in essence parasitic; unlike a true parasite, however, it ultimately sterilises or kills, and sometimes consumes, the host.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Parasitoid · See more »

Parasitoid wasp

The term parasitoid wasp refers to a large evolutionary grade of hymenopteran superfamilies, mainly in the Apocrita.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Parasitoid wasp · See more »

Parnassius arcticus

Siberian Apollo Parnassius arcticus is a high altitude butterfly which is found in NE.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Parnassius arcticus · See more »

Parnassius epaphus

Common Red Apollo Parnassius epaphus is a high altitude butterfly which is found in India and Nepal.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Parnassius epaphus · See more »

Patterns in nature

Patterns in nature are visible regularities of form found in the natural world.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Patterns in nature · See more »

Peppered moth

The peppered moth (Biston betularia) is a temperate species of night-flying moth.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Peppered moth · See more »

Pest (organism)

A pest is "a plant or animal detrimental to humans or human concerns (as agriculture or livestock production)"; alternative meanings include organisms that cause nuisance and epidemic disease associated with high mortality (specifically: plague).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pest (organism) · See more »


Phalaena is an obsolete genus of Lepidoptera used by Carl Linnaeus to house most moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Phalaena · See more »

Phengaris rebeli

The Phengaris rebeli (formerly Maculinea rebeli), common name Mountain Alcon Blue, is a species of butterfly in the Lycaenidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Phengaris rebeli · See more »

Phenotypic trait

A phenotypic trait, or simply trait, is a distinct variant of a phenotypic characteristic of an organism that may be inherited, be environmentally determined or be a combination of the two.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Phenotypic trait · See more »


A pheromone (from Ancient Greek φέρω phero "to bear" and hormone, from Ancient Greek ὁρμή "impetus") is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pheromone · See more »

Pheromone trap

A pheromone trap is a type of insect trap that uses pheromones to lure insects.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pheromone trap · See more »

Philipp Christoph Zeller

Philipp Christoph Zeller (8 April 1808 – 27 March 1883) was a German entomologist.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Philipp Christoph Zeller · See more »

Photonic crystal

A photonic crystal is a periodic optical nanostructure that affects the motion of photons in much the same way that ionic lattices affect electrons in solids.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Photonic crystal · See more »


Phylogenetics (greek: φυλή, φῦλον - phylé, phylon.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Phylogenetics · See more »


The Pieridae are a large family of butterflies with about 76 genera containing about 1,100 species, mostly from tropical Africa and tropical Asia with some varieties in the more northern regions of North America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pieridae · See more »

Pieris brassicae

The large white, Pieris brassicae, also called cabbage butterfly, cabbage white, cabbage moth (erroneously), or in India the large cabbage white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pieris brassicae · See more »

Pierre André Latreille

Pierre André Latreille (29 November 1762 – 6 February 1833) was a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pierre André Latreille · See more »


A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pigment · See more »

PLOS Biology

PLOS Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of Biology.

New!!: Lepidoptera and PLOS Biology · See more »


PLOS ONE (originally PLoS ONE) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science (PLOS) since 2006.

New!!: Lepidoptera and PLOS ONE · See more »


Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Poland · See more »

Polarization (waves)

Polarization (also polarisation) is a property of waves that can oscillate with more than one orientation.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Polarization (waves) · See more »


Pollen is a fine to coarse powder containing the microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce the male gametes (sperm cells).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pollen · See more »


Pollination is a process by which pollen is transferred from the anther to the stigma of the plant, thereby enabling fertilization and reproduction.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pollination · See more »


A polyphenic trait is a trait for which multiple, discrete phenotypes can arise from a single genotype as a result of differing environmental conditions.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Polyphenism · See more »

Portable Document Format

Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format used to present documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware and operating systems.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Portable Document Format · See more »


Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (derived from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Potassium · See more »


In ecosystem predation is a biological interaction where a predator (an organism that is hunting) feeds on its prey (the organism that is attacked).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Predation · See more »

Princeton University Press

The Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Princeton University Press · See more »


A proboscis is an elongated appendage from the head of an animal, either a vertebrate or an invertebrate.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Proboscis · See more »

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · See more »


The Prodoxidae are a family of moths, generally small in size and nondescript in appearance.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Prodoxidae · See more »


Prodryas persephone is an extinct butterfly, known from a single specimen from the Chadronian-aged Florissant Shale Lagerstatte of Late Eocene Colorado.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Prodryas · See more »


A proleg is a small, fleshy, stub structure found on the ventral surface of the abdomen of most larval forms of insects of the order Lepidoptera, though they can also be found on other larval insects such as sawflies and a few types of flies.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Proleg · See more »

Prothoracicotropic hormone

Prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) was the first insect hormone to be discovered.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Prothoracicotropic hormone · See more »


The prothorax is the foremost of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the first pair of legs.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Prothorax · See more »

Protographium marcellus

The Zebra Swallowtail (Protographium marcellus, formerly listed under genera Eurytides, Iphiclides, Graphium and Papilio by some authorities) is a swallowtail butterfly native to the eastern United States and southeast Canada.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Protographium marcellus · See more »


A pupa (Latin pupa for doll, pl: pupae or pupas) is the life stage of some insects undergoing transformation.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pupa · See more »


The Pyralidae or snout moths are a family of Lepidoptera in the ditrysian superfamily Pyraloidea.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pyralidae · See more »


The Pyraloidea (pyraloid moths) are a moth superfamily containing about 16,000 described species worldwide (Munroe & Solis 1998), and probably at least as many more remain to be described.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Pyraloidea · See more »


Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most-populous state in Australia.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Queensland · See more »

Red-bodied Swallowtail

Red-bodied swallowtails are butterflies in the Swallowtail family, that belong to the genera Atrophaneura, Byasa, Losaria, or Pachliopta.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Red-bodied Swallowtail · See more »

Respiratory system

The respiratory system (called also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for the process of respiration in an organism.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Respiratory system · See more »

Sakha Republic

The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (p; Саха Өрөспүүбүлүкэтэ, Sakha Öröspǖbülükete) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sakha Republic · See more »

Salvador Dalí

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marqués de Dalí de Pubol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist painter born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Salvador Dalí · See more »

Samuel Hubbard Scudder

Samuel Hubbard Scudder (April 13, 1837 – May 17, 1911) was an American entomologist and palaeontologist.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Samuel Hubbard Scudder · See more »

Sarcophaga aldrichi

The friendly fly or large flesh fly, Sarcophaga aldrichi, is a fly that is a parasitoid of the forest tent caterpillar.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sarcophaga aldrichi · See more »

Scale (anatomy)

In most biological nomenclature, a scale (Greek λεπίς lepis, Latin squama) is a small rigid plate that grows out of an animal's skin to provide protection.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Scale (anatomy) · See more »

Scale (Lepidopteran anatomy)

The presence of scales on the wings of Lepidoptera, comprising moths and butterflies, characterises this order of insects.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Scale (Lepidopteran anatomy) · See more »

Scale insect

The scale insects are small insects of the order Hemiptera, suborder Sternorrhyncha.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Scale insect · See more »


A sclerite (Greek σκληρός, sklēros, meaning "hard") is a hardened body part.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sclerite · See more »


A season is a division of the year, marked by changes in weather, ecology and hours of daylight.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Season · See more »


Sebastiania is a genus of flowering plants in the family Euphorbiaceae first described in 1821.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sebastiania · See more »


Semolina is the coarse, purified wheat middlings of durum wheat used in making pasta, breakfast cereals, puddings, and couscous.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Semolina · See more »


The Sesiidae or clearwing moths are a family of the Lepidoptera in most species of which the wings partially have hardly any of the normal lepidopteran scales, leaving them transparent.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sesiidae · See more »

Sex organ

A sex organ or primary sexual characteristic, as narrowly defined, is any anatomical part of the body involved in sexual reproduction and constituting the reproductive system in a complex organism, especially the external sex organs; the external sex organs are also commonly referred to as the genitalia or genitals.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sex organ · See more »

Sexual dimorphism

Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic differentiation between males and females of the same species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sexual dimorphism · See more »

Sexual selection

Sexual selection is a mode of natural selection where typically members of one gender choose mates of the other gender to mate with, called intersexual selection, and where females normally do the choosing, and competition between members of the same gender to sexually reproduce with members of the opposite sex, called intrasexual selection.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sexual selection · See more »

Sigh (band)

is a Japanese extreme metal band from Tokyo, formed in 1989.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sigh (band) · See more »

Silene latifolia

Silene latifolia (formerly Melandrium album), or White Campion, is a dioecious flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae, native to most of Europe, Western Asia and Northern Africa.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Silene latifolia · See more »


Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Silk · See more »

Silver Y

The Silver Y (Autographa gamma) is a migratory moth of the family Noctuidae which is named for the silvery Y-shaped mark on each of its forewings.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Silver Y · See more »

Skipper (butterfly)

A skipper or skipper butterfly is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Skipper (butterfly) · See more »


Sloths are medium-sized mammals belonging to the families Megalonychidae (two-toed sloth) and Bradypodidae (three-toed sloth), classified into six species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sloth · See more »

Sloth moth

A sloth moth is a coprophagous moth which has evolved to exclusively inhabit the fur of sloths and to use sloth dung as a substrate for the early stages of reproduction.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sloth moth · See more »

Societas Europaea Lepidopterologica

Societas Europaea Lepidopterologica (also known as SEL) is the European society for the study of moths and butterflies and for the conservation of these insects and their natural habitats.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Societas Europaea Lepidopterologica · See more »

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of a large number of islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Solomon Islands · See more »


The soul, in many religious, philosophical and mythological traditions, is the incorporeal and, in many conceptions, immortal essence of a living thing.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Soul · See more »

South America

South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

New!!: Lepidoptera and South America · See more »


The Sphingidae are a family of moths (Lepidoptera), commonly known as hawk moths, sphinx moths, and hornworms; it includes about 1,450 species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Sphingidae · See more »


Spiders (order Araneae) are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Spider · See more »

Spider web

A spider web, spiderweb, spider's web, or cobweb (from the archaic word coppe, meaning "spider") is a device created by a spider out of proteinaceous spider silk extruded from its spinnerets.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Spider web · See more »

Spinneret (spider)

A spinneret is a silk-spinning organ of a spider or the larva of an insect.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Spinneret (spider) · See more »


Spodoptera is a genus of moths of the family Noctuidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Spodoptera · See more »

Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Springer Science+Business Media · See more »


The stamen (plural stamina or stamens) is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Stamen · See more »

Stigma (botany)

The stigma is the receptive tip of a carpel, or of several fused carpels, in the gynoecium of a flower.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Stigma (botany) · See more »

Structural coloration

Structural coloration is the production of colour by microscopically structured surfaces fine enough to interfere with visible light, sometimes in combination with pigments.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Structural coloration · See more »

Swallowtail butterfly

Swallowtail butterflies are large, colorful butterflies in the family Papilionidae, and include over 550 species.Though the majority are tropical, members of the family inhabit every continent except Antarctica.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Swallowtail butterfly · See more »


Symbiosis (from Greek σύν "together" and βίωσις "living") is close and often long-term interaction between two different biological species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Symbiosis · See more »


Synergy is the creation of a whole that is greater than the simple sum of its parts.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Synergy · See more »

Syntomeida epilais

The Polka-Dot Wasp Moth (Syntomeida epilais) is a species of moth thought to be native to the Caribbean.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Syntomeida epilais · See more »

Systema Naturae

(sometimes written with the ligature æ) was one of the major works of the Swedish botanist, zoologist and physician Carolus Linnaeus (1707–1778) and introduced the Linnaean taxonomy.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Systema Naturae · See more »

Taira no Masakado

was a samurai in the Heian period of Japan, who led a rebellion against the central government of Kyoto.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Taira no Masakado · See more »

Taxonomic rank

In biological classification, rank is the relative level of a group of organisms (a taxon) in a taxonomic hierarchy.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Taxonomic rank · See more »

Taxonomy (biology)

Taxonomy (from τάξις taxis, "arrangement," and -νομία -nomia, "method") is the science of defining groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics and giving names to those groups.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Taxonomy (biology) · See more »


Tegeticula is a genus of moths of the Prodoxidae family, one of three genera known as Yucca moths; they are mutualistic pollinators of various Yucca species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tegeticula · See more »

Temperate climate

In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Temperate climate · See more »


Teotihuacan, also written Teotihuacán (Spanish), was an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Teotihuacan · See more »

Terrestrial animal

Terrestrial animals are animals that live predominantly or entirely on land (e.g., cats, ants, snails), as compared with aquatic animals, which live predominantly or entirely in the water (e.g., fish, lobsters, octopuses), or amphibians, which rely on a combination of aquatic and terrestrial habitats (e.g., frogs, or some crabs).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Terrestrial animal · See more »


A textile or cloth is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Textile · See more »

The Canadian Entomologist

The Canadian Entomologist is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of entomology.

New!!: Lepidoptera and The Canadian Entomologist · See more »

The Silence of the Lambs (film)

The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 American thriller film that blends elements of the crime and horror genres.

New!!: Lepidoptera and The Silence of the Lambs (film) · See more »


Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Thermoregulation · See more »


Thymelicus is a Palearctic genus in the skipper butterfly family, Hesperiidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Thymelicus · See more »

Tinea (moth)

Tinea is a genus of the fungus moth family, Tineidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tinea (moth) · See more »

Tinea pellionella

The case-bearing clothes moth (Tinea pellionella) is a species of tineoid moth in the family Tineidae, the fungus moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tinea pellionella · See more »


Tineidae is a family of moths in the order Lepidoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tineidae · See more »


Tineoidea is the superfamily of moths that includes clothes moths, bagworms and relatives.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tineoidea · See more »

Tineola bisselliella

Tineola bisselliella, known as the common clothes moth, webbing clothes moth, or simply clothing moth, is a species of fungus moth (family Tineidae, subfamily Tineinae).

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tineola bisselliella · See more »


The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red berry-type fruit of the nightshade Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tomato · See more »


Tornatellides is a genus of minute, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial gastropod mollusks, or micromolluscs in the family Achatinellidae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tornatellides · See more »


Trunk or torso is an anatomical term for the central part of the many animal bodies (including that of the human) from which extend the neck and limbs.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Torso · See more »


Tortricidae is a family of moths, commonly known as tortrix moths or leafroller moths, in the order Lepidoptera.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tortricidae · See more »


The trachea, colloquially called windpipe, is a tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Trachea · See more »

Transverse orientation

Transverse orientation, keeping a fixed angle on a distant source of light for orientation, is a proprioceptive response displayed by some insects such as moths.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Transverse orientation · See more »


The Triassic is a geologic period and system that extends from roughly 250 to 200 Mya (to million years ago), an interval of 51.04 million years.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Triassic · See more »

Trichophaga tapetzella

Trichophaga tapetzella, the tapestry moth or carpet moth, is a moth of the Tineidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Trichophaga tapetzella · See more »

Trophic level

The trophic level of an organism is the position it occupies in a food chain.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Trophic level · See more »

Tympanal organ

A tympanal organ is a hearing organ in insects, consisting of a membrane (tympanum) stretched across a frame backed by an air sac and associated sensory neurons.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Tympanal organ · See more »

Un Chien Andalou

No description.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Un Chien Andalou · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

New!!: Lepidoptera and United States · See more »

University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

New!!: Lepidoptera and University of Chicago Press · See more »

University of Florida

The University of Florida (commonly referred to as Florida or UF) is an American public land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant research university located on a campus in North Central Florida.

New!!: Lepidoptera and University of Florida · See more »

University of Minnesota

The University of Minnesota Twin Cities (Minnesota; locally known as the U of M or simply the U) is a public research university located in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota.

New!!: Lepidoptera and University of Minnesota · See more »

Urania fulgens

The Urania Swallowtail Moth (Urania fulgens) is a day-flying moth of the Uraniidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Urania fulgens · See more »


The Uraniidae are a family of moths containing four subfamilies, ninety genera, and roughly seven-hundred species.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Uraniidae · See more »


Urticaria (from the Latin urtica, "nettle" from urere, "to burn"), commonly referred to as hives, is a kind of skin rash notable for pale red, raised, itchy bumps.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Urticaria · See more »

Vanessa atalanta

The Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) is a well-known colourful butterfly, found in temperate Europe, Asia and North America.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Vanessa atalanta · See more »


Vanuatu (or; Bislama), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is an Oceanian island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Vanuatu · See more »

Viceroy (butterfly)

The viceroy (Limenitis archippus) is a North American butterfly that ranges through most of the contiguous United States as well as parts of Canada and Mexico.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Viceroy (butterfly) · See more »


Voltinism is a term used in biology to indicate the number of broods or generations of an organism in a year.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Voltinism · See more »

Walter de Gruyter

Walter de Gruyter GmbH (or; brand name: De Gruyter) is a scholarly publishing house specializing in academic literature.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Walter de Gruyter · See more »


A wasp is any insect of the order Hymenoptera and suborder Apocrita that is neither a bee nor an ant.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Wasp · See more »


Waxes are a class of chemical compounds that are malleable near ambient temperatures.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Wax · See more »


Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East but now cultivated worldwide.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Wheat · See more »


Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Wiley-Blackwell · See more »

Willi Hennig

Emil Hans Willi Hennig (April 20, 1913 – November 5, 1976) was a German biologist who is considered the founder of phylogenetic systematics, also known as cladistics.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Willi Hennig · See more »


A wing is a type of fin with a surface that produces aerodynamic force for flight or propulsion through the atmosphere, or through another gaseous or liquid fluid.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Wing · See more »


Yponomeutoidea is a superfamily of Ermine moths and relatives.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Yponomeutoidea · See more »


Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Yucca · See more »

Zapotec civilization

The Zapotec civilization was an indigenous pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mesoamerica.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Zapotec civilization · See more »


Zenodochium is a genus of moth in the Blastobasidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Zenodochium · See more »

Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

The Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of zoology published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Linnean Society.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society · See more »

ZW sex-determination system

The ZW sex-determination system is a system that determines the sex of offspring in birds, some fish and crustaceans such as the giant river prawn, some insects (including butterflies and moths), and some reptiles, including komodo dragons.

New!!: Lepidoptera and ZW sex-determination system · See more »


Zygaena is a genus of moths in the Zygaenidae family.

New!!: Lepidoptera and Zygaena · See more »

10th edition of Systema Naturae

The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.

New!!: Lepidoptera and 10th edition of Systema Naturae · See more »

Redirects here:

Butterflies and Moths, Butterflies and moths, Lepidopteran, Lepidopterans, Lepidopterous.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lepidoptera

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »