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List of sovereign states

This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty. [1]

269 relations: Abkhazia, Abyei, Aceh, Adjara, Administrative divisions of Mexico, Administrative units of Pakistan, African Union, Al Jazeera, Aosta Valley, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Associated state, Australian Antarctic Territory, Autonomous communities of Spain, Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Azad Kashmir, Azores, Åland Islands, Bajo Nuevo Bank, Baker Island, Bandung Conference, Barbuda, Bonaire, Bouvet Island, Brčko District, Canadian federalism, Cantons of Switzerland, Caribbean Netherlands, China, China and the United Nations, Chinese Civil War, Chinese Taipei, Clipperton Island, Collectivity of Saint Martin, Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth realm, Communist Party of China, Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium, Compact of Free Association, Coral Sea Islands, Countries of the United Kingdom, Customary international law, Cyprus, Cyprus dispute, Cyrenaica, Danish Realm, Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, Dayton Agreement, Declaration of independence, ..., Dependent territory, Diarchy, Diplomatic recognition, Dominion, Dominion of Ceylon, Easter Island, Economic Cooperation Organization, Elizabeth II, Emirates of the United Arab Emirates, England, European Union, Federal Government of Somalia, Federal subjects of Russia, Federated state, Federation, Foreign relations of China, Foreign relations of Cyprus, Foreign relations of Nagorno-Karabakh, Foreign relations of Niue, Foreign relations of North Korea, Foreign relations of Northern Cyprus, Foreign relations of Somaliland, Foreign relations of South Korea, Foreign relations of Taiwan, Foreign relations of the Cook Islands, Foreign relations of Transnistria, Free area of the Republic of China, Free Zone (region), French Guiana, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Gagauzia, Gallery of country coats of arms, Gallery of sovereign state flags, Galmudug, Gaza Strip, Gilgit-Baltistan, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, Government in exile, Government of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia, Governorates of Iraq, Guadeloupe, Guangxi, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Holy See, Howland Island, Inner Mongolia, International Atomic Energy Agency, International Court of Justice, International Monetary Fund, International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, International recognition of Israel, International recognition of the State of Palestine, International Telecommunication Union, Iraqi Kurdistan, Ireland, ISO 3166-1, Israeli disengagement from Gaza, Jakarta, Jan Mayen, Jarvis Island, Jejudo, Jerusalem Law, Johnston Atoll, Juan Fernández Islands, Kafia Kingi, Karakalpakstan, Kashmir, Kingman Reef, Korea, Kuomintang, League of Nations, Legal personality, List of active rebel groups, List of adjectival and demonymic forms for countries and nations, List of autonomous areas by country, List of countries and dependencies and their capitals in native languages, List of country-name etymologies, List of international rankings, List of micronations, List of national capitals in alphabetical order, List of shortest-lived sovereign states, List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent, List of sovereign states by date of formation, List of specialized agencies of the United Nations, List of states with limited recognition, List of territorial disputes, List of zones of Nepal, Lists of sovereign states by year, Macedonia naming dispute, Madeira, Mainland China, Martinique, Mayotte, Member states of the United Nations, Micronation, Midway Atoll, Minnesota Journal of International Law, Monarchy of New Zealand, Montevideo Convention, Moroccan Wall, Mount Athos, Nagorno-Karabakh, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Name of Canada, Name of the Czech Republic, Names of the Irish state, National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, Navassa Island, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand nationality law, Ningxia, North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region, North Kosovo, Northern Ireland, One-China policy, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Oslo Accords, Oxford University Press, Palestine Liberation Organization, Palestinian National Authority, Palestinian territories, Palmyra Atoll, Papua (province), Peter I Island, Political divisions of the United States, Political status of Taiwan, Political status of the Cook Islands and Niue, Pope, Príncipe, President of France, Provinces and territories of Canada, Provinces of Argentina, Provinces of Indonesia, Provisional Administration of South Ossetia, Puntland, Queen Maud Land, Réunion, Regions of Ethiopia, Republic of Dahomey, Rodrigues, Roman Catholic Diocese of Urgell, Ross Dependency, Rotuma, Saba, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sardinia, Scotland, Serranilla Bank, Sicily, Sint Eustatius, Somaliland, South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region, South Ossetia, Southern Provinces, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Sovereign state, Sovereignty, Special administrative region, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Spratly Islands, Stateless society, States and federal territories of Malaysia, States and territories of Australia, States and union territories of India, States of Austria, States of Brazil, States of Germany, States of Nigeria, States of South Sudan, States of Sudan, States of Venezuela, Supranational union, Svalbard, Svalbard Treaty, Syrian Civil War, Syrian Interim Government, Table of administrative divisions by country, Taipei, Taipei Times, Taiwan, Taiwan independence movement, Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China, Terra nullius, Tibet Autonomous Region, Tindouf, Tobago, Transnistria, Transnistria autonomous territorial unit with special legal status, Treaty of Paris (1856), Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Turkey, Uncontacted peoples, Unincorporated area, United Nations, United Nations General Assembly observers, United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, United Nations System, Universal Postal Union, Valparaíso Region, Vietnam, Vojvodina, Wake Island, Wales, West Bank, West Bank Areas in the Oslo II Accord, West Papua (province), Western Sahara, World, World Bank Group, World Intellectual Property Organization, World Trade Organization, Xinjiang, Zaire, Zanzibar, 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence. Expand index (219 more) »

Abkhazia

Abkhazia (Аҧсны́; აფხაზეთი; Абхазия) is a partially recognised state controlled by a separatist government on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus.

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Abyei

The Abyei Area (أبيي) is an area of in Sudan accorded "special administrative status" by the 2004 Protocol on the Resolution of the Abyei Conflict (Abyei Protocol) in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the Second Sudanese Civil War.

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Aceh

Aceh; (Jawi: اچيه); Atjeh (Dutch); or Acheh is a special region of Indonesia.

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Adjara

Adjara (აჭარა), officially the Autonomous Republic of Adjara (აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა), is an autonomous republic of Georgia.

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Administrative divisions of Mexico

The United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic composed of 32 federal entities: 31 states and one "federal district" (Mexico City).

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Administrative units of Pakistan

The administrative units of Pakistan consist of four provinces, one federal capital territory, two autonomous and disputed territories, and a group of federally administered tribal areas.

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African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 54 countries in Africa.

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Al Jazeera

Al Jazeera (الجزيرة, literally "The Peninsula", referring to the Arabian Peninsula), also known as Aljazeera and JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a Doha-based state-funded broadcaster owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network, which is partly funded by the House of Thani, the ruling family of Qatar.

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Aosta Valley

The Aosta Valley (Valle d'Aosta (official) or Val d'Aosta (usual); Vallée d'Aoste / (official) or Val d'Aoste (usual); Val d'Outa) is a mountainous semi-autonomous region in northwestern Italy.

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Ashmore and Cartier Islands

The Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands is an uninhabited external territory of Australia consisting of four low-lying tropical islands in two separate reefs, and the 12 nautical mile territorial sea generated by the islands.

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Associated state

An associated state is the minor partner in a formal, free relationship between a political territory with a degree of statehood and a (usually larger) nation, for which no other specific term, such as protectorate, is adopted.

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Australian Antarctic Territory

The Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT) is a part of Antarctica.

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Autonomous communities of Spain

In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidego, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that comprise the Spanish nation.

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Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija

Kosovo and Metohija, officially the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (Аутономна Покрајина Косово и Метохиja, Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo i Metohija; Krahina Autonome e Kosovës dhe Metohisë) refers to the region of Kosovo as defined in the Constitution of Serbia.

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Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Awtonomong Rehiyon sa Muslim Mindanao) (abbreviated ARMM) is an Autonomous region of the Philippines, located in the Mindanao island group of the Philippines, that is composed of five predominantly Muslim provinces, namely: Basilan (except Isabela City), Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.

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Autonomous Region of Bougainville

The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, previously known as the North Solomons Province, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea.

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Azad Kashmir

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (آزاد جموں و کشمیر Azad Jammu o Kashmir), abbreviated as AJK or Azad Kashmir ("free Kashmir"), is a self-governing state under the federation of Pakistan.

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Azores

The Azores (Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal, composed of nine volcanic islands situated in the North Atlantic Ocean about west of continental Portugal, about northwest of Madeira, about southeast of Newfoundland, and about northeast of Brazil.

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Åland Islands

The Åland Islands or Åland (Swedish: Åland,; Ahvenanmaa) is a region of Finland that consists of an archipelago lying at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea.

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Bajo Nuevo Bank

Bajo Nuevo Bank, also known as the Petrel Islands (Bajo Nuevo, Islas Petrel), is a small, uninhabited reef with some small islets, covered with grass, located in the western Caribbean Sea at, with a lighthouse on Low Cay at.

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Baker Island

Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean about southwest of Honolulu.

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Bandung Conference

The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference (Indonesian: Konferensi Asia-Afrika) —was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia.

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Barbuda

Barbuda is an island in the Eastern Caribbean, and forms part of the state of Antigua and Barbuda.

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Bonaire

Bonaire (Bonaire, Papiamentu: Boneiru) is an island in the Leeward Antilles in the Caribbean Sea.

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Bouvet Island

Bouvet Island (Norwegian: Bouvetøya, previously spelled Bouvet-øya) is an uninhabited subantarctic volcanic island and dependency of Norway located in the South Atlantic Ocean at.

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Brčko District

The Brčko District (Brčko distrikt/Брчко дистрикт) in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina is a neutral, self-governing administrative unit, under the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Canadian federalism

Canadian federalism is concerned with the current nature and historical development of federal systems within Canada.

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Cantons of Switzerland

The 26 cantons of Switzerland (Kanton, canton, cantone, chantun) are the member states of the Swiss Confederation.

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Caribbean Netherlands

The Caribbean Netherlands (Caribisch Nederland) are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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China and the United Nations

China is a charter member of the United Nations and one of five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council after being on the winning side following World War Two.

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Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between forces loyal to the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China, and forces loyal to the Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Chinese Taipei

Chinese Taipei is the name agreed upon in the Nagoya Resolution whereby the Republic of China (ROC) and the People's Republic of China recognize each other when it comes to the activities of the International Olympic Committee and has been used by the ROC as the basis when participating in various international organizations and events, including the Olympics, Miss Universe, Paralympics, Asian Games, Asian Para Games, Universiade, World Baseball Classic, Little League World Series, and FIFA World Cup.

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Clipperton Island

Clipperton Island (Île de Clipperton or Île de la Passion, Isla de la Pasión) is an uninhabited coral atoll in the eastern Pacific Ocean, south-west of Mexico, west of Nicaragua, west of Costa Rica and north-west of the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador, at.

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Collectivity of Saint Martin

Saint Martin (Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin (French: Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France located in the Caribbean.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.

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Commonwealth realm

A Commonwealth realm is one of 16 sovereign states that are members of the Commonwealth of Nations, have Queen Elizabeth II as the reigning constitutional monarch, and have in common the same royal line of succession.

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Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium

Belgium is a federal state comprising three communities, three regions, and four language areas.

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Compact of Free Association

A Compact of Free Association (COFA) is a type of diplomatic relationship that an independent country has with the United States of America, as an associated country.

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Coral Sea Islands

The Coral Sea Islands Territory includes a group of small and mostly uninhabited tropical islands and reefs in the Coral Sea, northeast of Queensland, Australia.

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Countries of the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

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Customary international law

Customary international law are those aspects of international law that derive from custom.

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Cyprus

Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea.

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Cyprus dispute

The Cyprus dispute or Cyprus issue is an ongoing issue centred on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus and dating back to at least the end of the 19th century.

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Cyrenaica

Cyrenaica (Κυρηναϊκή Kyrēnaïkḗ, after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.

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Danish Realm

The Danish Realm (det danske rige) or the unity of the Realm (rigsfællesskabet; ríkisfelagsskapurin; naalagaaffeqatigiit) is an official term for the relations between Denmark proper and the two overseas constituent countries, the Faroe Islands and Greenland, which collectively make up the Kingdom of Denmark.

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Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China

Since its founding in 1949, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has had a diplomatic tug-of-war with its rival in Taiwan, the Republic of China (ROC).

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Dayton Agreement

The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton-Paris Agreement, is the peace agreement reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, United States, in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris on 14 December 1995.

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Declaration of independence

A declaration of independence or declaration of statehood is an assertion by a defined territory that it is independent and constitutes a state.

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Dependent territory

A dependent territory, dependent area, dependency or autonomous territory is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area.

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Diarchy

Diarchy (or dyarchy; from the Greek δι- / δύο meaning "two" and ἄρχω meaning "to rule") is a form of government in which two individuals ("diarchs") are joint heads of state.

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Diplomatic recognition

Diplomatic recognition in international law is a unilateral political act with domestic and international legal consequences, whereby a state acknowledges an act or status of another state or government in control of a state (may be also a recognized state).

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Dominion

Dominions were semi-independent polities that were nominally under the Crown, constituting the British Empire and British Commonwealth, beginning in the later part of the 19th century.

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Dominion of Ceylon

Ceylon (Sinhala: ලංකා ඩොමීනියන් රාජ්‍යය Lanka Dominian Rajyaya) was a Dominion in the Commonwealth of Nations between 1948 and 1972.

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Easter Island

Easter Island (Rapa Nui, Isla de Pascua) is a Chilean island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle.

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Economic Cooperation Organization

The Economic Cooperation Organisation or ECO (سازمان همکاری اقتصادی, اقتصادی تعاون تنظیم, Ekonomik İşbirliği Teşkilatı, Экономикалық ынтымақтастық ұйымы, Iqtisodiy Hamkorlik Tashkiloti, İqtisadi Əməkdaşlıq Təşkilatı, Tajik: Ташкилоти ҳамкории иқтисодӣ) is a Eurasian political and economic intergovernmental organization which was founded in 1985 in Tehran by the leaders of Iran, Pakistan and Turkey.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Emirates of the United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates is composed of 7 emirates (imarat; singular: imarah).

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Federal Government of Somalia

The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) (Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya, حكومة الصومال الاتحادية) is the internationally recognised government of the Federal Republic of Somalia.

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Federal subjects of Russia

The federal subjects of Russia, also referred to as the subjects of the Russian Federation (субъекты Российской Федерации subyekty Rossiyskoy Federatsii) or simply as the subjects of the federation (субъекты федерации subyekty federatsii), are the constituent entities of Russia, its top-level political divisions according to the Constitution of Russia.

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Federated state

A federated state (which may be referred to as a state, a province, a canton, a Land, etc.) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federal union (federation).

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Federation

A federation (from Latin: foedus, gen.: foederis, "covenant"), also known as a federal state, is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government.

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Foreign relations of China

The foreign relations of China, officially the People's Republic of China, guides the way in which it interacts with foreign nations.

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Foreign relations of Cyprus

Cyprus is a member of the United Nations along with most of its agencies as well as the Commonwealth of Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Council of Europe.

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Foreign relations of Nagorno-Karabakh

The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is recognized only by other states with limited recognition: Abkhazia,: "Абхазия, Южная Осетия, НКР и Приднестровье уже давно признали независимость друг друга и очень тесно сотрудничают между собой", - сказал вице-спикер парламента Абхазии.

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Foreign relations of Niue

Niue maintains diplomatic relations with various other countries and multilateral organizations.

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Foreign relations of North Korea

The foreign relations of North Korea (officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) have been shaped by its conflict with South Korea and its historical ties with world Communism.

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Foreign relations of Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus is recognised only by Turkey, a country which facilitates many of its contacts with the international community.

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Foreign relations of Somaliland

Foreign relations of Somaliland are the responsibility of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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Foreign relations of South Korea

The foreign relations of South Korea (officially the Republic of Korea) are South Korean relations with other governments.

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Foreign relations of Taiwan

The foreign relations of Taiwan, constitutionally and officially the Republic of China (ROC), are the relations between the Republic of China and other countries.

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Foreign relations of the Cook Islands

The Cook Islands maintains diplomatic relations with various countries and is a member of multilateral organisations.

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Foreign relations of Transnistria

The Transnistrian republic is recognized by three states with limited recognition, and is a member of one international organization, the Community for Democracy and Human Rights, that was established by these four states.

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Free area of the Republic of China

The Free area of the Republic of China is a legal and political description referring to the territories under the actual control by the government of the Republic of China (ROC), consisting of the island groups of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and some minor islands.

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Free Zone (region)

The Free Zone or Liberated Territories is a term used by the Polisario Front to describe the part of Western Sahara that lies to the east of the Moroccan Berm (the Moroccan border wall) and west and north of the borders with Algeria and Mauritania, respectively.

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French Guiana

French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane française), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America.

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Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Friûl–Vignesie Julie, Furlanija–Julijska krajina, Furlánia–Júliai Velence, Friaul–Julisch Venetien) is one of the 20 regions of Italy, and one of five autonomous regions with special statute.

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Gagauzia

Gagaúzia (Gagaúziya or Gagaúz Yerí; Găgăuzia; Гагаýзия, Gagaúziya), formally known as the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri) (Gagauz: Avtonom Territorial Bölümlüü Gagauz Yeri; Romanian: Unitatea Teritorială Autonomă Găgăuzia; Russian: Автономное территориальное образование Гагаузия, Avtonomnoye territorialnoye obrazovaniye Gagauziya), is an autonomous region of Moldova.

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Gallery of country coats of arms

This gallery of country coats of arms shows the national coat of arms, an emblem serving a similar purpose, or both (such as greater and lesser coat of arms, national emblem or seal) of each of the countries in the list of sovereign states.

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Gallery of sovereign state flags

This gallery of sovereign state flags shows the flags of sovereign states that appear on the list of sovereign states.

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Galmudug

Galmudug, officially Galmudug State, is an autonomous region in central Somalia.

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Gaza Strip

The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) ISBN 0-19-861263-X - p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...".), or simply Gaza, is a pene-exclave region of Palestine on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.

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Gilgit-Baltistan

Gilgit-Baltistan (Urdu/Shina/Burushaski:, Balti), formerly known as the Northern Areas of Pakistan is the northernmost administrative territory of Pakistan.

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Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Вилояти Мухтори Кӯҳистони Бадахшон, Viloyati Mukhtori Kūhistoni Badakhshon; ولایت مختار کوهستان بدخشان; Горно-Бадахшанская автономная область, Gorno-Badakhšanskaya avtonomnaya oblast’) is an autonomous region in the east of Tajikistan.

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Government in exile

A government in exile is a political group which claims to be a country's legitimate government, but is unable to exercise legal power and instead resides in a foreign country.

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Government of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia

The Government of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (tr) is an administration recognized by Georgia as the legal government of Abkhazia.

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Governorates of Iraq

Iraq consists of 19 governorates (muḥāfażah), also known as "provinces".

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Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe (Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department, located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.

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Guangxi

Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.

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Heard Island and McDonald Islands

The Territory of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsCIA World Factbook. Accessed 2009.01.04.

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Holy See

The Holy See (Sancta Sedes) is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Bishop of Rome—the Pope.

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Howland Island

Howland Island is an uninhabited coral island located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean, about southwest of Honolulu.

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Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: in Mongolian script, and in Mongolian Cyrillic), officially Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in the north of the country, containing most of China's border with Mongolia (the rest of the China-Mongolia border is taken up by the Xinjiang autonomous region and Gansu province) and a small section of the border with Russia.

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International Atomic Energy Agency

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.

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International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (Cour internationale de justice; commonly referred to as the World Court or ICJ) is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".

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International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia

Abkhazia and South Ossetia are two partially recognised breakaway republics in the Caucasus, claiming independence from Georgia.

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International recognition of Israel

The international recognition of Israel refers to the diplomatic recognition of the State of Israel, which was established by the Israeli Declaration of Independence on 14 May 1948.

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International recognition of the State of Palestine

The international recognition of the State of Palestine has been the objective of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) since the Palestinian Declaration of Independence proclaimed the establishment of the State of Palestine on 15 November 1988 in Algiers, Algeria at an extraordinary session in exile of the Palestinian National Council.

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International Telecommunication Union

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.

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Iraqi Kurdistan

Iraqi Kurdistan or Southern Kurdistan (باشووری کوردستان, Başûrê Kurdistanê), officially known as the Kurdistan Region (هه‌رێمی کوردستان., Herêmî Kurdistan), is the only autonomous region of Iraq.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.

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ISO 3166-1

ISO 3166-1 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.

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Israeli disengagement from Gaza

The Israeli disengagement from Gaza (תָּכְנִית הַהִתְנַתְּקוּת,; in the Disengagement Plan Implementation Law), also known as "Gaza expulsion" and "Hitnatkut", was the withdrawal of the Israeli army from Gaza, and the dismantling of all Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip in 2005.

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Jakarta

Jakarta,Pronounced in Indonesian language:.

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Jan Mayen

Jan Mayen is a volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean and a part of the Kingdom of Norway.

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Jarvis Island

Jarvis Island (formerly known as Bunker Island) is an uninhabited coral island located in the South Pacific Ocean at, about halfway between Hawaii and the Cook Islands.

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Jejudo

Jejudo is the largest island on the Korean Peninsula, and the main island of Jeju Province.

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Jerusalem Law

The Jerusalem Law (חוק יסוד: ירושלים בירת ישראל, قانون القدس) is a common name of Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel passed by the Knesset on July 30, 1980 (17th Av, 5740).

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Johnston Atoll

Johnston Atoll, also known as Kalama Atoll to Native Hawaiians, is an unincorporated territory of the United States currently administered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) of the Department of the Interior as part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument.

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Juan Fernández Islands

The Juan Fernández Islands (Archipiélago Juan Fernández) are a sparsely inhabited island group reliant on tourism and fishing in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Kafia Kingi

Kafia Kingi (or Kafiya Kinji) is a community in Western Bahr el Ghazal state, South Sudan.

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Karakalpakstan

Karakalpakstan (Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikasiʻ (Қарақалпақстан Республикасы); Qoraqalpogʻiston Respublikasi (Қорақалпоғистон Республикаси) is an autonomous republic of Uzbekistan. It occupies the whole northwestern end of Uzbekistan. The capital is Nukus (Karakalpak: Noʻkis (Нөкис)). The Republic of Karakalpakstan has an area of. Its territory covers the classical land of Khwarezm, though in classical Persian literature the area was known as "Kāt" (کات).

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Kashmir

Kashmir (Kashmiri:كشهير; کشمیر; کشمیر), archaically spelled Cashmere, is in the northwestern region of South Asia.

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Kingman Reef

Kingman Reef is a largely submerged, uninhabited triangular shaped reef, east-west and north-south, located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between the Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at.

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Korea

Korea, called Hanguk (한국; Hanja: 韓國) or Daehan (대한; Hanja: 大韓) in South Korea and Chosŏn (조선; Hanja: 朝鮮) in North Korea and elsewhere, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea (also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or DPRK) and South Korea (also known as the Republic of Korea, or ROK).

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Kuomintang

The Kuomintang of China (or; KMT), or sometimes spelled as Guomindang (GMD) by its Pinyin transliteration, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC).

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League of Nations

The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, "Société des Nations" abbreviated as SDN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.

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Legal personality

To have legal personality means to be capable of having legal rights and obligations within a certain legal system, such as entering into contracts, suing, and being sued.

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List of active rebel groups

This is a list of active rebel groups around the world whose domains may be subnational, transnational or international.

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List of adjectival and demonymic forms for countries and nations

The following is a list of adjectival forms of countries and nations in English and their demonymic equivalents.

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List of autonomous areas by country

This list of autonomous areas arranged by country gives an overview of autonomous areas of the world.

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List of countries and dependencies and their capitals in native languages

The following chart lists countries and dependencies along with their capital cities, in English as well as any additional official language(s).

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List of country-name etymologies

This list covers English language country names with their etymologies.

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List of international rankings

This is a list of international rankings.

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List of micronations

Micronations, sometimes also referred to as model countries and new country projects, are small, self-proclaimed entities that claim to be independent sovereign states but which are not acknowledged as such by any recognised sovereign state, or by any supranational organization.

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List of national capitals in alphabetical order

This is a list of national capitals in alphabetical order, including territories and dependencies, non-sovereign states including associated states and entities whose sovereignty is disputed.

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List of shortest-lived sovereign states

This is a list of the shortest-lived sovereign states.

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List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories of the world by continent, displayed with their respective national flags and capitals, including the following entities.

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List of sovereign states by date of formation

Below is a list of sovereign states and with the dates of their formation (date of their independence or of their constitution), sorted by continent.

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List of specialized agencies of the United Nations

Specialized agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the coordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level, and through the Chief Executives Board for coordination (CEB) at the inter-secretariat level.

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List of states with limited recognition

A number of geopolitical entities have declared statehood and have sought recognition as de jure sovereign states with varying degrees of success.

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List of territorial disputes

This is a list of territorial disputes over lands around the world, both past and in modern times.

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List of zones of Nepal

Nepal is divided into 14 administrative zones (Nepali: अञ्चल; anchal) and 75 districts (Nepali: जिल्ला; jillā).

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Lists of sovereign states by year

This is a list of articles that list the sovereign states that existed in particular years.

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Macedonia naming dispute

The Macedonia naming dispute is a political dispute centered over the use of the name Macedonia between the Balkan countries of Greece and the Republic of Macedonia, formerly a federal unit of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

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Madeira

Madeira (or; or) is a Portuguese archipelago located in the north Atlantic Ocean, west and slightly south of Portugal.

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Mainland China

Mainland China, Chinese mainland or simply the mainland, is a geographical and political term to describe the geopolitical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Martinique

Martinique is an island in the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of and a population of 386,486 inhabitants (as of January 2013).

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Mayotte

Mayotte (Mayotte,; Shimaore: Maore,; Mahori) is an overseas department and region of France officially named Département de Mayotte.

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Member states of the United Nations

There are United Nations (UN) member states, and each of them is a member of the United Nations General Assembly.

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Micronation

A micronation, sometimes referred to as a model country or new country project, is an entity that claims to be an independent nation or state but is not officially recognized by world governments or major international organizations.

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Midway Atoll

Midway Atoll (also called Midway Island and Midway Islands; Hawaiian: Pihemanu Kauihelani) is a atoll in the North Pacific Ocean.

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Minnesota Journal of International Law

The Minnesota Journal of International Law (Bluebook abbreviation: Minn. J. Int'l L.) is a biannual law review published by students at the University of Minnesota Law School.

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Monarchy of New Zealand

The monarchy of New Zealand—also referred to as the Crown in Right of New Zealand, Her Majesty in Right of New Zealand, or the Queen in Right of New Zealand—is the constitutional system of government in which a hereditary monarch is the sovereign and head of state of New Zealand, forming the core of the country's Westminster-style parliamentary democracy.

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Montevideo Convention

The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States was a treaty signed at Montevideo, Uruguay, on December 26, 1933, during the Seventh International Conference of American States.

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Moroccan Wall

The Moroccan Wall of Western Sahara is an approximately 2,700 km-long structure, mostly a sand wall (or "berm"), running through Western Sahara and the southeastern portion of Morocco.

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Mount Athos

Mount Athos (Όρος Άθως, Οros Αthos) is a mountain and peninsula in Northern Greece.

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Nagorno-Karabakh

Nagorno-Karabakh is a landlocked region in the South Caucasus, lying between Lower Karabakh and Zangezur and covering the southeastern range of the Lesser Caucasus mountains.

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Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

Nagorno-Karabakh, officially the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR; Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետություն Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut'yun), Artsakh Republic or Republic of Artsakh (Արցախի Հանրապետություն Arts'akhi Hanrapetut'yun), is a republic in the South Caucasus recognised only by three non-United Nations (UN) states.

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Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic

The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası) is a landlocked exclave of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

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Name of Canada

The name of Canada has been in use since the earliest European settlement in Canada, with the name originating from a Saint-Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata (or canada) for "settlement", "village", or "land".

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Name of the Czech Republic

The name of the Czech Republic derives from the Slavic tribe of Czechs (Čechové).

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Names of the Irish state

There have been various names for the state that is today officially known as Ireland.

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National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces

The National Coalition for Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces (الائتلاف الوطني لقوى الثورة والمعارضة السورية, Coalition Nationale pour les Forces révolutionnaires et de l'opposition syrienne), commonly named the Syrian National Coalition (الائتلاف الوطني السوري, Coalition nationale syrienne), is a coalition of opposition groups in the Syrian Civil War that was founded in Doha, Qatar, in November 2012.

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Navassa Island

Navassa Island (La Navasse, Lanavaz) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea.

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Netherlands Antilles

The Netherlands Antilles (Dutch: Nederlandse Antillen; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) were a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands consisting of several island territories located in the Caribbean.

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New Zealand nationality law

New Zealand nationality law (Raraunga Aotearoa in Māori) determines who is and who is not a New Zealand citizen.

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Ningxia

Ningxia (pronounced), officially the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China located in the northwest part of the country.

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North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region

North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Spanish: Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Norte), sometimes shortened to RACCN, is one of two autonomous regions in Nicaragua.

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North Kosovo

North Kosovo (Северно Косово, Severno Kosovo; Kosova Veriore) also known as the Ibarski Kolašin (Ибарски Колашин; Kollashini i Ibrit) is a region in the northern part of Kosovo, composed of four Serb-majority municipalities: North Mitrovica, Leposavić, Zvečan and Zubin Potok.

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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann.; or Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.

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One-China policy

The One-China policy (simplified Chinese: 一个中国政策; traditional Chinese: 一個中國政策; pinyin: yī gè Zhōngguó zhèngcè) refers to the policy or view that there is only one state called "China", despite the existence of two governments that claim to be "China".

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Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC; منظمة التعاون الإسلامي; Organisation de la coopération islamique, OCI)Upon the groups's renaming, some sources provided the English-language translation "Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation", but and have since indicated the preferred English translation omits the "the".

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Oslo Accords

The Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Accord, signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993 (DOP), 13 September 1993.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Palestine Liberation Organization

The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle.

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Palestinian National Authority

The Palestinian National Authority (PA or PNA; السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the interim self-government body established to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.

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Palestinian territories

"Palestinian territories" and "occupied Palestinian territories" (OPT or oPt) are descriptions often used to describe the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip.

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Palmyra Atoll

Palmyra Atoll is an unoccupied equatorial Northern Pacific atoll administered as an unorganized incorporated territory by the United States federal government.

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Papua (province)

Papua Province (Provinsi Papua) is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia.

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Peter I Island

Peter I Island (Peter I Øy) is an uninhabited volcanic island in the Bellingshausen Sea, from Antarctica.

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Political divisions of the United States

Political divisions of the United States are the various governing entities that together form the United States.

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Political status of Taiwan

The political status of Taiwan (or the "Taiwan Issue" as referred to by the People's Republic of China, or Mainland Issue or Taiwan Strait Issue as referred to by the Taiwan side) hinges on whether Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu should remain effectively independent as territory of the Republic of China (ROC); become unified with the territories now governed by the People's Republic of China (PRC) under the government of the People's Republic of China; formally declare independence and become the Republic of Taiwan; as well as whether the existence and legal status as a state ("country") of both the Republic of China (ROC) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) is legitimate as a matter of international law, and how much diplomatic recognition either entity receives from the international community.

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Political status of the Cook Islands and Niue

The political status of the Cook Islands and Niue is formally defined as them being states in free association within the Realm of New Zealand.

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Pope

The Pope (papa; from πάππας pappas, a child's word for father) is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

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Príncipe

Príncipe is the smaller, northern major island of the country of São Tomé and Príncipe lying off the west coast of Africa.

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President of France

The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française), is the executive head of state of the French Fifth Republic.

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Provinces and territories of Canada

The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second-largest country by area.

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Provinces of Argentina

Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Capital Federal) as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.

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Provinces of Indonesia

Indonesian territory is composed of 34 provinces.

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Provisional Administration of South Ossetia

The Provisional Administration of South Ossetia (სამხრეთ ოსეთის დროებითი ადმინისტრაცია, Samkhret' Oset'is droebit'i administrats'ia) is an administrative body that Georgia regards as the legal government of South Ossetia.

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Puntland

Puntland (Buntlaand, أرض البنط), officially the Puntland State of Somalia (Dowlad Goboleedka Buntlaand ee Soomaaliya, بونتلاند دولة الصومال), is a region in northeastern Somalia, centred on Garoowe in the Nugal province.

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Queen Maud Land

Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land) is a c. 2.7 million-square-kilometre (1 million sq mi) region of Antarctica claimed as a dependent territory by Norway.

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Réunion

Réunion (La Réunion,; previously Île Bourbon) is a French island located in the Indian Ocean.

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Regions of Ethiopia

Since 1995, Ethiopia is constitutionally formed by a federation of nine ethnically-based regional states (plural: kililoch; singular: kilil) and two chartered cities (plural: astedader akababiwach; singular: astedader akabibi).

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Republic of Dahomey

The Republic of Dahomey (République du Dahomey) was established on December 11, 1958, as a self-governing colony within the French Community.

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Rodrigues

Rodrigues (île Rodrigues) is an autonomous outer island of the Republic of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean, about east of Mauritius.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Urgell

The Diocese of Urgell is a Roman Catholic diocese in Catalonia, Spain, and Andorra, with origins in the fifth century AD or possibly earlier.

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Ross Dependency

The Ross Dependency is a region of Antarctica defined by a sector originating at the South Pole, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west, and terminating at latitude 60° south.

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Rotuma

Rotuma is a Fijian dependency, consisting of Rotuma Island and nearby islets.

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Saba

Saba is a Caribbean island and the smallest special municipality (officially public body) of the Netherlands.

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Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) (الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية, República Árabe Saharaui Democrática) is a partially recognized state that controls a thin strip of area in the Western Sahara region and claims sovereignty over the entire territory of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony.

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Saint Kitts and Nevis

The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is a two-island country in the West Indies.

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Sardinia

Sardinia (Sardegna, Sardìgna, Sardìnnia /, Sassarese: Sardhigna, Gallurese: Saldigna, Algherese: Saldegna, Tabarchino: Sardegna) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and before Cyprus) and an autonomous region of Italy, which goes by the official name of Regione Autonoma della Sardegna / Regione Autònoma de Sardigna (Autonomous Region of Sardinia).

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Scotland

Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Serranilla Bank

Serranilla Bank (Isla Serranilla or Banco Serranilla) is a partially submerged reef, with small uninhabited islets, in the western Caribbean Sea.

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Sicily

Sicily (Sicilia, Old Norse: Sikiley) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy officially referred to as Regione Sicilia.

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Sint Eustatius

Sint Eustatius, also known affectionately to the locals as StatiaTuchman, Barbara W. The First Salute: A View of the American Revolution New York:Ballantine Books, 1988.

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Somaliland

Somaliland (Somaliland, صوماليلاند or أرض الصومال) is a self-declared state internationally recognized as an autonomous region of Somalia.

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South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region

South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Spanish: Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Sur), sometimes shortened to RACCS, is one of two autonomous regions in Nicaragua.

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South Ossetia

South Ossetia or Tskhinvali RegionSouth Ossetia (Хуссар Ирыстон, Xussar Iryston; სამხრეთი ოსეთი, Samxreti Oseti; Южная Осетия, Yuzhnaya Osetiya)Tskhinvali Region (ცხინვალის რეგიონი, Tsxinvalis regioni; Цхинвальский регион, Tskhinvalskiy region) is a partially recognised state in the South Caucasus, located in the territory of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast within the former Georgian SSR of the Soviet Union.

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Southern Provinces

The Southern Provinces or Moroccan Sahara are the terms used by the Moroccan government for Western Sahara.

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Sovereign Military Order of Malta

The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (Sovrano Militare Ordine Ospedaliero di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme di Rodi e di Malta, Supremus Ordo Militaris Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodius et Melitensis), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), Order of Malta or Knights of Malta, is a Roman Catholic lay religious order of, traditionally, a military, chivalrous and noble nature.

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Sovereign state

In international law, a sovereign state is a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.

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Sovereignty

Sovereignty is understood in jurisprudence as the full right and power of a governing body to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies.

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Special administrative region

The Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China (SAR; RAE) are autonomous territories that fall within the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China, yet do not form part of Mainland China (except for Wolong SAR).

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Special Region of Yogyakarta

The Special Region of Yogyakarta (or; Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY) is a region of Indonesia in middle Java.

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Spratly Islands

The Spratly Islands (Kepulauan Spratly, Kapuluan ng Kalayaan, Quần đảo Trường Sa) are a disputed group of more than 750 reefs, islets, atolls, cays and islands in the South China Sea.

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Stateless society

A stateless society is a society that is not governed by a state, or, especially in common American English, has no government.

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States and federal territories of Malaysia

The states and federal territories of Malaysia are the principal administrative divisions of Malaysia.

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States and territories of Australia

Australia is a federation consisting of six states, three federal territories and seven external territories.

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States and union territories of India

India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories.

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States of Austria

Austria is a federal republic made up of nine states, known in German as Länder (singular Land).

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States of Brazil

The Federative Republic of Brazil is a union of twenty-seven Federative Units (Unidades Federativas (UF)): twenty-six states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal), where the federal capital, Brasília, is located.

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States of Germany

Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen federal states (Bundesland, or Land).

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States of Nigeria

A state of Nigeria is one of the 36 administrative divisions, which shares sovereignty with the Federal Government of Nigeria.

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States of South Sudan

South Sudan is divided into 10 states.

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States of Sudan

Below is a list of the 18 states of Sudan, organized by their original provinces during the period of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.

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States of Venezuela

Venezuela is a federation made up of 23 states (estados), 1 Capital District (Distrito Capital) and the Federal Dependencies (Dependencias Federales) that consist of a large number of Venezuelan islands.

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Supranational union

A supranational union is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states.

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Svalbard

Svalbard (formerly known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.

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Svalbard Treaty

The Treaty between Norway, The United States of America, Denmark, France, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Great Britain and Ireland and the British overseas Dominions and Sweden concerning Spitsbergen, signed in Paris 9 February 1920, commonly called the Svalbard Treaty or the Spitsbergen Treaty, recognises the sovereignty of Norway over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, at the time called Spitsbergen.

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Syrian Civil War

The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية) is an ongoing armed conflict taking place in Syria.

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Syrian Interim Government

The Syrian Interim Government is an exiled government of Syria, which has been formed by the opposition umbrella group, the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces.

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Table of administrative divisions by country

The table below indicates the types and, where known, numbers of administrative divisions used by countries and their major dependent territories.

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Taipei

Taipei (literally means "North of Tai(wan)"), officially known as Taipei City, is the capital city and a special municipality of Taiwan.

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Taipei Times

The Taipei Times is now one of only two daily English-language printed newspapers in Taiwan, its competitor being The China Post.

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Taiwan

Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Taiwan independence movement

Taiwan Independence movement is a political movement whose goals are primarily to formally establish the Republic of Taiwan or the State of Taiwan by renaming the Republic of China (ROC) (commonly known as Taiwan), strengthening Taiwanese identity, rejecting unification and One country, two systems with the People's Republic of China (PRC) (commonly known as China) and removing a politically Chinese identity, and obtain international recognition as a sovereign state by referring to Article 11, Article 12, Article 32 and Article 35 of the UN Charter based on the international rule of law of The Spirit of the Laws.

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Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China

Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China is a disputed territory claimed by the People's Republic of China as one of its provinces under its constitution.

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Terra nullius

Terra nullius (plural terrae nullius) is a Latin expression deriving from Roman law meaning "nobody's land", which is used in international law to describe territory which has never been subject to the sovereignty of any state, or over which any prior sovereign has expressly or implicitly relinquished sovereignty.

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Tibet Autonomous Region

The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) or Xizang Autonomous Region, called Tibet or Xizang for short, is a province-level autonomous region of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Tindouf

Tindouf (Berber: Tinduf, تندوف) is the main town, and a commune in Tindouf Province, Algeria, close to the Mauritanian, Western Saharan and Moroccan borders.

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Tobago

Tobago is the smaller of the two main islands that make up the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

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Transnistria

Transnistria (also called Trans-Dniestr or Transdniestria) is a partially recognized state located mostly on a strip of land between the River Dniester and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine.

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Transnistria autonomous territorial unit with special legal status

The Transnistria autonomous territorial unit with special legal status (Unitatea teritorială autonomă cu statut juridic special Transnistria; Автономное территориальное образование с особым правовым статусом Приднестровье; Автономне територіальне утворення з особливим правовим статусом Придністров'я) is a formal administrative unit of Moldova established by the Government of Moldova to delineate the territory controlled by unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic.

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Treaty of Paris (1856)

The Treaty of Paris of 1856 settled the Crimean War between Russia and an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, the British Empire, Second French Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia.

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Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (Trentino-Alto Adige,; Trentino-Südtirol; Trentin-Südtirol) is an autonomous region in Northern Italy.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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Uncontacted peoples

Uncontacted people, also referred to as isolated people or lost tribes, are communities who live, or have lived, either by choice (peoples living in voluntary isolation) or by circumstance, without significant contact with globalized civilization.

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Unincorporated area

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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United Nations General Assembly observers

In addition to its 193 member states, the United Nations General Assembly may grant observer status to an international organization, entity or non-member state, which entitles the entity to participate in the work of the United Nations General Assembly, though with limitations.

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United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo

The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is the officially mandated mission of the United Nations in Kosovo.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244

United Nations Security Council resolution 1244, adopted on 10 June 1999, after recalling resolutions 1160 (1998), 1199 (1998), 1203 (1998) and 1239 (1999), authorised an international civil and military presence in Kosovo (then part of Serbia, the successor of Serbia and Montenegro, which was called "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia"): "Serbia - date of admission 1 November 2000, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/55/12 of 1 November 2000.

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United Nations System

The United Nations System consists of the United Nations, its subsidiary organs (including the separately-administered funds and programmes), the specialized agencies, and affiliated organizations.

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Universal Postal Union

The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.

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Valparaíso Region

The V Valparaíso Region (V Región de Valparaíso) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Vojvodina

Vojvodina (Војводина), officially the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Аутономна Покрајина Војводина / Autonomna Pokrajina Vojvodina; see Names in other languages), is an autonomous province of Serbia, located in the northern part of the country, in the Pannonian Plain.

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Wake Island

Wake Island (also known as Wake Atoll) is an unorganized, unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, 2,416 km (1501 mi) east of Guam, 3,698 km (2,298 mi) west of Honolulu and 3,205 km (1,992 mi) southeast of Tokyo.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.

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West Bank

The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit or Cisjordan is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, forming the bulk of the Palestinian territories. The West Bank shares boundaries (demarcated by the Jordanian-Israeli armistice of 1949) to the west, north, and south with the state of Israel, and to the east, across the Jordan River, with Jordan. The West Bank also contains a significant coastline along the western bank of the Dead Sea. The West Bank, including East Jerusalem, has a land area of 5,640 km2 plus a water area of 220 km2, consisting of the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea. It has an estimated population of 2,676,740 (July 2013). More than 80%, about 2,100,000, are Palestinian Arabs, and approximately 500,000 are Jewish Israelis living in the West Bank, including about 192,000 in East Jerusalem, in Israeli settlements. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this. The International Court of Justice advisory ruling (2004) concluded that events that came after the 1967 occupation of the West Bank by Israel, including the Jerusalem Law, Israel's peace treaty with Jordan and the Oslo Accords, did not change the status of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) as occupied territory with Israel as the occupying power.

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West Bank Areas in the Oslo II Accord

The Oslo II Accord divided the West Bank into three administrative divisions: the Areas A, B and C. The distinct areas were given a different status, according to the amount of self-government the Palestinians would have over it through the Palestinian Authority, until a final status accord would be established.

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West Papua (province)

West Papua Province (Provinsi Papua Barat) is a province of Indonesia.

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Western Sahara

The Western Sahara (الصحراء المغربية; Sahara Occidental; Berber: Taneẓroft Tutrimt) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

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World

World is a common name for the whole of human civilization, specifically human experience, history, or the human condition in general, worldwide, i.e. anywhere on Earth or pertaining to anywhere on earth.

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World Bank Group

The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.

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World Intellectual Property Organization

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations.

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World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.

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Xinjiang

Xinjiang (Shinjang), officially Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country.

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Zaire

Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire (République du Zaïre) was the name, between 1971 and 1997, of a Central African state, now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Zanzibar

Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania in East Africa.

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2008 Kosovo declaration of independence

The 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence was adopted on 17 February 2008 by the Assembly of Kosovo.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sovereign_states

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