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List of unclassified languages of South America

Campbell & Grondona (2012:116-130) list the following 395 languages of South America as unclassified. [1]

68 relations: Agavotaguerra language, Aguano language, Aikanã language, Anserma language, Čestmír Loukotka, Brazil, Cacán language, Carabayo language, Caranqui language, Cenu language, Classification schemes for indigenous languages of the Americas, Colombia, Ethnologue, Ewarhuyana language, Extinct languages of the Marañón River basin, Gen language, Gorgotoqui language, Guanaca language, Himarimã language, Huamoé language, Humahuaca language, Indigenous languages of the Americas, Kaimbé language, Kakauhua language, Kamba language (Brazil), Kambiwá language, Kapinawá language, Katembri language, Korubo language, Languages of South America, List of extinct languages of South America, Lule language, Lyle Campbell, Malibu languages, Mapuche language, Mato Grosso Arára language, Maynas language, Morique language, Oti language, Pankararú language, Paresi–Waura languages, Peru, Pijao language, Pisabo language, Puquina language, Quimbaya language, Quingnam language, Sanavirón language, Sanumá language, Spurious languages, ..., Tarairiú language, Tequiraca language, Tingui-Botó language, Tremembé language, Truká language, Uru-Pa-In language, Venezuela, Waitaká language, Waiwai language, Wakoná language, Wasu language, Willem Adelaar, Xocó language, Xukuru language, Yaminawa language, Yarí language, Yarigui people, Yaruro language. Expand index (18 more) »

Agavotaguerra language

Agavotaguerra (Agavotoqueng) is an extinct Arawakan language of Brazil.

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Aguano language

Aguano is a possible extinct language of Peru.

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Aikanã language

Aikanã (sometimes called Tubarão, Corumbiara/Kolumbiara, or Huari/Uari/Wari) is an endangered language isolate spoken by about 200 Aikanã people in Rondônia, Brazil.

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Anserma language

Anserma (Anserna) is an extinct Chocoan language of Colombia.

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Čestmír Loukotka

Čestmír Loukotka (&ndash) was a Czechoslovak linguist.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.

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Cacán language

Cacán (also Cacan, Kakán, Calchaquí, Chaka, Diaguita, and Kaka) is an extinct language that was spoken by the Diaguita and Calchaquí tribes in northern Argentina and Chile.

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Carabayo language

The Carabayo (Caraballo) language is spoken by the Carabayo people, also known as Yuri and Aroje, an uncontacted Amazonian people of Colombia living in at least three long houses, one of several suspected uncontacted peoples living along the Rio Puré (now the Río Puré National Park) in the southeastern corner of the country.

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Caranqui language

Caranqui, or Cara (Kara), is an extinct, probably Barbacoan language of Ecuador.

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Cenu language

Cenu (Zenu) is an extinct possible language of Colombia.

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Classification schemes for indigenous languages of the Americas

This article is a list of different language classification proposals developed for indigenous languages of the Americas.

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Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and it shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.

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Ethnologue

Ethnologue: Languages of the World is a web-based publication that contains statistics for 7,472 languages and dialects in the 18th edition, released in 2015.

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Ewarhuyana language

Ewarhuyana is an unclassified language of Pará State, Brazil.

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Extinct languages of the Marañón River basin

The Marañón River basin, at a low point in the Andes which made it an attractive location for trade between the Inca Empire and the Amazon basin, once harbored numerous languages which have been poorly attested or not attested at all.

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Gen language

Gen (also called,, Gebe, Guin, Mina, Mina-Gen, and Popo) is a Gbe language spoken in the southeast of Togo in the Maritime Region.

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Gorgotoqui language

Gorgotoqui is a currently undocumented extinct language of the Chiquitania region of the eastern Bolivian lowlands.

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Guanaca language

Guanáca (Guanuco) is an extinct and scarcely attested language of Colombia.

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Himarimã language

Himarimã is the presumed language of the uncontacted Hi-Merimã people in Amazonas, Brazil, Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 Feb 2012.

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Huamoé language

Huamoé (Wamoe) Uamué is an extinct language of Brazil that is too poorly attested to classify.

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Humahuaca language

Humahuaca (Omaguaca) is an extinct and unclassified language of Argentina (Campbell & Grondona 2012).

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Indigenous languages of the Americas

Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.

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Kaimbé language

Kaimbé is an extinct unclassified language of eastern Brazil.

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Kakauhua language

Kakauhua (also rendered Kaukaue, Caucau, Cacahua), or Chono, is a putative language, perhaps Alacalufan, of Chile, known only from toponyms.

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Kamba language (Brazil)

Kamba (Camba) is an extinct unclassified language of Brazil.

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Kambiwá language

Kambiwá Cambioá is an extinct unclassified language of Brazil.

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Kapinawá language

Kapinawâ is an extinct unclassified language of eastern Brazil.

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Katembri language

Katembri (Catrimbi, Kariri de Mirandela, Mirandela) was a divergent language of northeastern Brazil that appears to be distantly related to Taruma (Kaufman 1990).

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Korubo language

Korubo is a nearly extinct indigenous language of the Brazilian Amazon basin which belongs to the Panoan language family.

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Languages of South America

The languages of South America can be divided into three broad groups: the languages of the (in most cases, former) colonial powers; many indigenous languages, some of which enjoy co-official status alongside the colonial languages; and various pockets of other languages spoken by immigrant populations that have survived assimilation by the majority languages.

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List of extinct languages of South America

This is a partial list of extinct languages of South America, languages which have undergone language death, have no native speakers and no spoken descendant.

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Lule language

Lule is an indigenous language of northern Argentina.

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Lyle Campbell

Lyle Richard Campbell (born October 22, 1942) is an American scholar and linguist known for his studies of indigenous American languages—especially those of Mesoamerica—and on historical linguistics in general.

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Malibu languages

The Malibu languages are a poorly attested group of extinct languages once spoken along the Magdalena River in Colombia.

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Mapuche language

Mapudungun (from mapu 'earth, land' and dungun 'speak, speech') is a language isolate spoken in south-central Chile and west central Argentina by the Mapuche people (from mapu 'earth' and che 'people').

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Mato Grosso Arára language

Mato Grosso Arára (also disambiguated as Arara do Beiradão or Arara do Rio Branco, and also known as Koaiá ~ Koayá) is an extinct unclassified language of Brazil.

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Maynas language

Maynas (Mayna, Maina), also known as Rimachu, is an extinct and unclassified language of Peru.

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Morique language

Morique (Morike) is an extinct, poorly attested, and unclassified Arawakan language.

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Oti language

The Otí language, also known as Chavante or Euchavante, is a language isolate once spoken in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, between the Peixe and Pardo rivers.

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Pankararú language

Pankararú (Pancaré, Pankaré, Pancaru, Pankaruru, Pankarará, Pankaravu, Pankaroru, Pankarú, Brancararu) is an extinct language of eastern Brazil.

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Paresi–Waura languages

The Pareci–Xingu languages, Paresi–Waura or Central Maipurean, are Maipurean / Arawakan languages of the Bolivian and western Brazilian Amazon.

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw; Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Pijao language

Pijao (Piajao) is an unclassified indigenous American language that was spoken in the villages of Orrega, Coyaima and Natagaima in the Magdalena River Valley of Colombia until the 1950s.

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Pisabo language

Pisabo (also known as Pisagua/Pisahua) is a Panoan language spoken by approximately 600 people in Peru and formerly in Brazil, where it was known as Mayo (Maya, Maia), evidently the language known as Quixito.

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Puquina language

Puquina (or Pukina) is an extinct language once spoken by a native ethnic group in the region surrounding Lake Titicaca (Perú and Bolivia) and in the north of Chile.

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Quimbaya language

Quimbaya (Kimbaya) is an extinct language of Colombia, of which only a single word is known (Campbell & Grondona 2012).

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Quingnam language

The Quingnam language is a pre-Columbian language that was spoken by ethnic Chimú, who lived in the former territories of the Mochicas: an area north of the Chicama Chao River Valley.

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Sanavirón language

Sanavirón is an extinct and unclassified language once spoken near Córdoba, Argentina.

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Sanumá language

Sanumá is a Yanomam language spoken in Venezuela and Brazil.

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Spurious languages

Spurious languages are languages that have been reported as existing in reputable works, when subsequent research has demonstrated that the language in question did not exist.

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Tarairiú language

Tarairiú Caratiú is an extinct and very poorly known language of eastern Brazil.

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Tequiraca language

Tequiraca (Tekiráka), also known as Abishira (Avishiri)* and Aiwa (Aewa), is a language spoken in Peru.

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Tingui-Botó language

Tingui-Boto, or Tingui, also known as Carapató ~ Karapató, is an extinct unclassified language of Brazil.

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Tremembé language

Tremembé Teremembé is an extinct and unattested language of Brazil.

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Truká language

Truká is an extinct and unattested, but presumed, language of Brazil.

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Uru-Pa-In language

Uru-Pa-In is an isolated Tupi–Guaraní language of the state of Rondônia, in the Amazon region of Brazil.

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Venezuela

Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.

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Waitaká language

Waitaká (Guaitacá, Goyatacá, Goytacaz) is an extinct and unclassified language of Brazil (Campbell & Grondona 2012), on the São Mateo River and near Cabo de São Tomé in the state of Rio de Janeiro.

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Waiwai language

Waiwai (Uaiuai, Uaieue, Ouayeone) is a Cariban language of northern Brazil, with a couple hundred speakers across the border in southern Guyana.

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Wakoná language

Wakoná is an extinct and unattested, presumed language of eastern Brazil.

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Wasu language

Wasu (Waçu, Wassú) is an extinct and unattested, presumed language of Brazil.

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Willem Adelaar

Willem F. H. Adelaar (born at The Hague in 1948) is a Dutch linguist specializing in Native American languages, specially those of the Andes.

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Xocó language

Xocó (Chocó, Shokó) is an extinct and poorly attested language or languages of Brazil that is not known to be related to other languages.

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Xukuru language

Xukuru (Xucuru, Shukurú) is an extinct and poorly attested language of Brazil.

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Yaminawa language

Yaminawa (Yaminahua) is a Panoan language of western Amazonia.

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Yarí language

Yarí is the presumed language of the uncontacted Yari people of Colombia.

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Yarigui people

The Yariguí people were an indigenous Colombian tribe that gave their name to a mountainous area they once inhabited in the Andean cloud forest.

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Yaruro language

The Yaruro language (also spelled Llaruro or Yaruru; also called Yuapín or Pumé) is an indigenous language spoken by Yaruro people, along the Orinoco, Sinaruco, Meta, and Apure rivers of Venezuela.

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Aarufi language, Aburune language, Aburuñe language, Acarapi language, Alarua language, Alon language, Amasifuin language, Amoeca language, Amuimo language, Anetine language, Angara language, Anicun language, Aparea language, Apiru language, Apirú language, Apitupa language, Apitupá language, Apiyipan language, Apiyipán language, Aracadaini language, Arae language, Aramayu language, Aramuru language, Aramurú language, Arapoa language, Arapoá language, Ararau language, Arda language, Arma-Pozo language, Aroasene language, Aroásene language, Artane language, Assek language, Atavila language, Atunceta language, Aueiko language, Avis language, Axata Darpa language, Ayacore language, Baixota language, Baixóta language, Bakuronchichi language, Bakurönchichi language, Baua language, Bauá language, Belsano language, Bikutiakap language, Bixarenren language, Boime language, Boimé language, Bolona language, Bracamoro language, Buritiguara language, Caapina language, Cachipuna language, Cafuana language, Caguan language, Cahan language, Cajamarca language, Cajatambo language, Cajuru language, Cajurú language, Camana language, Camaraxo language, Camare language, Camaré language, Campaces language, Canacure language, Canelo language, Capua language, Capueni language, Caraguata language, Carapacho language, Carara language, Carari language, Cararu language, Cararú language, Carendie language, Caripo language, Caripó language, Carára language, Cascoasoa language, Casigara language, Casota language, Cauacaua language, Cauauri language, Caucahue language, Cauni language, Caupuna language, Cavana language, Caxago language, Cayu language, Cayú language, Cañacure language, Ceococe language, Chancay language, Chechehet language, Chedua language, Chicha language, Chincha language, Chinchipe language, Chitarero language, Cholto language, Chongo language, Chumbivilca language, Chunanawa language, Churima language, Chusco language, Ciaman language, Cognomona language, Comanahua language, Comani language, Comaní language, Comechingon language, Comechingón language, Coritananho language, Coritananhó language, Cuaca language, Cuacá language, Culaycha language, Cumayari language, Cumbaza language, Cumbazá language, Curanave language, Curi language, Curiane language, Curierano language, Curizeta language, Curubianan language, Curumia language, Curumiá language, Curumro language, Curupeche language, Curuzirari language, Cutagua language, Cutaguá language, Cutria language, Cutría language, Cuximiraiba language, Cuximiraíba language, Cuxiuara language, Cuxiuára language, Damaniva language, Damanivá language, Dawainomol language, Demacuri language, Divihet language, Dokoro language, Duri language (Brazil), Egualo language, Eimi language, Emischata language, Envuelo language, Erema language, Foklasa language, Foklása language, Gadio language, Galache language, Gambela language, Gambéla language, Goyana language, Guaca language, Guacara language, Guacará language, Guadaxo language, Guaimute language, Guajarapo language, Guanaru language, Guanarú language, Guanavena language, Guane language, Guarino language, Guasaroca language, Guenta language, Guyarabe language, Hacaritama language, Harritiahan language, Hiauahim language, Huacavilca language, Huambuco language, Huayana language, Huayla language, Ibabi Aniji language, Idabaez language, Imare language, Imaré language, Ina language, Inajurupe language, Irra language, Iruri language, Isolados do Massaco language, Isolados do Tanaruú language, Isolados do Tanarú language, Itipuna language, Ituca language, Itucá language, Iñajurupe language, Iñajurupé language, Jacaria language, Jacariá language, Jaguanai language, Jaguanan language, Jamundi language, Javaim language, Jetico language, Jeticó language, Jiripanco language, Jiripancó language, Jitirijiti language, Jurema language, Jurimagua language, Juruena language, Jururu language (Brazil), Kaguan language, Kantarure language, Kantaruré language, Kawakawa language, Kiapure language, Kiapüre language, Kijo language, Kikidkana language, Kokakore language, Kokakôre language, Komokare language, Koshurai language, Koshurái language, Kurumro language, Kururu language, Lache language, Lambi language, Lile language, Lili language, Llamish language, Macamasu language, Macaru language, Macarú language, Macuani language, Macuare language, Macuaré language, Macuja language, Macurune language, Macuruné language, Mairajiqui language, Malaba language, Malquesi language, Manesono language, Manta language (Ecuador), Maracano language, Marapana language, Marapaña language, Maricoxi language, Maricupi language, Maripa language, Maripá language, Maruquevene language, Masa language (Argentina), Masarari language, Masaya language, Matara language, Matará language, Maxiena language, Mayo language (Brazil), Mayu language, Mayubo language, Menejou language, Minhaha language, Minhahá language, Moheyana language, Mopeseano language, Morcote language, Moriquito language, Morua language, Moyo-Pampa language, Moyobamba language, Muriva language, Muso language, Muzapa language, Muzo language, Nacai language, Nambu language (Bolivia), Naperu language, Naperú language, Nauna language (Brazil), Nindaso language, Nocadeth language, Nomona language, Nori language (Colombia), Numasiara language, Ocra language, Ocren language, Ohoma language, Oivaneca language, Onicore language, Onicoré language, Onoyoro language, Onoyóro language, Orami language, Oramí language, Ori language, Ortue language, Orí language, Otecua language, Otegua language, Pacarara language, Pacarará language, Pacimonari language, Paguara language, Pakarara language, Palenque language, Panatagua language, Panche language, Pantagora language, Pantahua language, Pantágora language, Pao language (Venezuela), Papamian language, Papamiän language, Papamuru language, Papana language, Paragoaru language, Paraparixana language, Parapico language, Parapicó language, Patangoro language, Patiti language, Payacu language, Payacú language, Payanso language, Peria language, Perovosan language, Piapia language, Pipipan language, Pocoana language, Popayan language, Porca language, Porcá language, Poria language, Poru language, Porú language, Poyme language, Pozo language, Procaze language, Procáze language, Puben language, Pubenza language, Puna Island language, Puna language, Puná Island language, Puná language, Quelosi language, Querandi language, Querandí language, Quiapyre language, Quidquidcana language, Quijo language, Quillacinga language, Quillasinga language, Quimbioa language, Quimbioá language, Quindio language, Quindío language, Quiquidcana language, Qurigma language, Qurigmã language, Rabona language, Rorami language, Roramí language, Sacosi language, Sacracrinha language, Sapeine language, Sapeiné language, Seden language, Sequaquirihen language, Siberi language, Sinto language, Sintó language, Sinu language, Sinú language, Sipisipi language, Socorino language, Stanatevogyet language, Supuselo language, Surucosi language, Suruim language, Tacarua language, Tacaruba language, Tacarúba language, Tacunbiacu language, Taguaylen language, Taluhet language, Tamacosi language, Tamani language, Tamaní language, Tamaqueu language, Tamaquéu language, Tamarare language, Tamararé language, Tambarure language, Tambaruré language, Taminani language, Tanquihua language, Tapacura language, Tapacurá language, Tapuisu language, Tapuisú language, Tarimoxi language, Taripio language, Tavuri language, Tavúri language, Tchagoyana language, Tchagoyána language, Tchicoyna language, Tegua language, Tepqui language, Tevircacap language, Tiboi language, Ticomeri language, Timana language, Timaná language, Tingan language, Tingán language, Tobachana language, Tohazana language, Tomata language, Tomina language, Torori language, Tororí language, Tubichamini language, Tubichaminí language, Tucumanduba language, Tulumayo language, Tupijo language, Tupijó language, Tupiokon language, Tupiokón language, Tutura language, Uairua language, Uauarate language, Unclassified language of South America, Upsuksinta language, Uranaju language, Urucuai language, Uruma language, Urupuca language, Ururi language, Vanherei language, Vouve language, Walecoxo language, Walêcoxô language, Wau language, Xaquese language, Xaray language, Xibata language, Xipara language, Xipará language, Xiroa language, Yalcon language, Yalcón language, Yameci language, Yamesi language, Yamesí language, Yampara language, Yampará language, Yaperu language, Yaperú language, Yarigui language, Yariguí language, Yarigüí language, Yauei language, Yenmu language, Yoemanai language, Yufiua language, Yumbo language, Yurimagua language, Zapazo language, Zenu language, Zenú language, Zuana language, Zurimagua language, Zurina language, Ñumasiara language.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unclassified_languages_of_South_America

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