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Lockheed Martin X-33

The Lockheed Martin X-33 was an unmanned, sub-scale technology demonstrator suborbital spaceplane developed in the 1990s under the U.S. government-funded Space Launch Initiative program. [1]

57 relations: Aerodynamics, Aerospike engine, Armadillo Aerospace, Atmospheric entry, Autoclave, Blue Origin, Blue Origin New Shepard, Boeing, Bristol Spaceplanes, Composite material, Cryogenics, Dry weight, Dugway Proving Ground, Federal government of the United States, Foot (unit), Globalstar, Great Falls, Montana, Interorbital Systems, Iridium Communications, JAXA, Kankoh-maru, Kilogram, Lifting body, Liquid hydrogen, Liquid oxygen, Lockheed Martin, Lunar Lander Challenge, Malmstrom Air Force Base, Masten Space Systems, McDonnell Douglas, McDonnell Douglas DC-X, Metre, NASA, Newton (unit), Palmdale, California, Pound (force), Pound (mass), Propellant mass fraction, Quad (rocket), Reusable launch system, Reusable Vehicle Testing, Salt Lake City, Single-stage-to-orbit, Skunk Works, Skylon (spacecraft), Space Launch Initiative, Space Shuttle, Spaceplane, Suborbital spaceplane, Takeoff and landing, ..., Technology demonstration, Teledesic, United States, VentureStar, VTVL, Weight, Zarya (spacecraft). Expand index (7 more) »

Aerodynamics

Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is a branch of Fluid dynamics concerned with studying the motion of air, particularly when it interacts with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.

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Aerospike engine

The aerospike engine is a type of rocket engine that maintains its aerodynamic efficiency across a wide range of altitudes.

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Armadillo Aerospace

Armadillo Aerospace was an aerospace startup company based in Mesquite, Texas.

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Atmospheric entry

Atmospheric entry is the movement of an object into and through the gases of a planet's atmosphere from outer space.

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Autoclave

An autoclave is a pressure chamber used to sterilize equipment and supplies by subjecting them to high pressure saturated steam at 121 °C (249°F) for around 15–20 minutes depending on the size of the load and the contents.

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Blue Origin

Blue Origin is an American privately-funded aerospace developer and manufacturer set up by Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos.

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Blue Origin New Shepard

The Blue Origin New Shepard reusable launch system is a vertical-takeoff, vertical-landing (VTVL), suborbital manned rocket that is being developed by Blue Origin, a company owned by Amazon.com founder and businessman Jeff Bezos, as a commercial system for suborbital space tourism.

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Boeing

The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets and satellites.

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Bristol Spaceplanes

Bristol Spaceplanes (BSP) is a British aerospace company based in Bristol, England, who have designed a number of spaceplanes with sub-orbital and orbital capabilities.

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Composite material

A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.

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Cryogenics

In physics, cryogenics is the study of the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.

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Dry weight

Dry weight is the weight of a vehicle without any consumables, passengers, or cargo.

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Dugway Proving Ground

Dugway Proving Ground (DPG) is a US Army facility located approximately 85 miles (140 km) southwest of Salt Lake City, Utah in southern Tooele County and just north of Juab County.

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Federal government of the United States

The government of the United States of America is the federal government of the republic of fifty states that constitute the United States, as well as one capital district, and several other territories.

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Foot (unit)

A foot (feet; abbreviation: ft; symbol: ′, the prime symbol) is a unit of length in the imperial and US customary systems of measurement.

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Globalstar

Globalstar is a low Earth orbit (LEO) satellite constellation for satellite phone and low-speed data communications, somewhat similar to the Iridium satellite constellation and Orbcomm satellite systems.

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Great Falls, Montana

Great Falls is a city in and the county seat of Cascade County, Montana, United States.

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Interorbital Systems

Interorbital Systems Corporation (IOS) is an American aerospace manufacturer based in Mojave, California.

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Iridium Communications

Iridium Communications Inc. (formerly Iridium Satellite LLC) is a company, based in McLean, Virginia, United States which operates the Iridium satellite constellation, a system of 66 active satellites used for worldwide voice and data communication from hand-held satellite phones and other transceiver units.

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JAXA

The, or JAXA, is Japan's national aero-space agency.

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Kankoh-maru

The is the name of a proposed vertical takeoff and landing (VTVL), single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO), reusable launch system (rocket-powered spacecraft.

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Kilogram

The kilogram or kilogramme (SI unit symbol: kg), is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI) (the Metric system) and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK).

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Lifting body

A lifting body is a fixed-wing aircraft or spacecraft configuration in which the body itself produces lift.

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Liquid hydrogen

Liquid hydrogen (LH2 or LH2) is the liquid state of the element hydrogen.

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Liquid oxygen

Liquid oxygen — abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries — is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.

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Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin is an American global aerospace, defense, security and advanced technologies company with worldwide interests.

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Lunar Lander Challenge

The Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander Challenge was a competition funded by NASA's Centennial Challenges program.

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Malmstrom Air Force Base

Malmstrom Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place (CDP) in Great Falls, Cascade County, Montana, United States.

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Masten Space Systems

Masten Space Systems is an aerospace manufacturer startup company in Mojave, California (formerly Santa Clara, California) that is developing a line of vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) spacecraft, initially for unmanned research sub-orbital spaceflights and eventually intended to support unmanned orbital spaceflight launches.

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McDonnell Douglas

McDonnell Douglas was a major American aerospace manufacturing corporation and defense contractor formed by the merger of McDonnell Aircraft and the Douglas Aircraft Company in 1967.

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McDonnell Douglas DC-X

The DC-X, short for Delta Clipper or Delta Clipper Experimental, was an unmanned prototype of a reusable single-stage-to-orbit launch vehicle built by McDonnell Douglas in conjunction with the United States Department of Defense's Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) from 1991 to 1993.

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Metre

The metre, American spelling meter, (from the Greek noun μέτρον, "measure") is the base unit of length in the International System of Units (SI).

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NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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Newton (unit)

The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.

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Palmdale, California

Palmdale is a city in the center of northern Los Angeles County in the U.S. state of California.

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Pound (force)

The pound or pound-force (symbol: lb, lbf, or lbf) is a unit of force used in some systems of measurement including English Engineering units and the British Gravitational System.

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Pound (mass)

The pound or pound-mass (abbreviations: lb, lbm, lbm, ℔) is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.

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Propellant mass fraction

In aerospace engineering, the propellant mass fraction is the portion of a vehicle's mass which does not reach the destination, usually used as a measure of the vehicle's performance.

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Quad (rocket)

In rocketry, the Armadillo Aerospace Quad vehicle called Pixel is a computer controlled VTVL rocket that was used in 2006 to compete in the Lunar Lander Challenge.

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Reusable launch system

A reusable launch system (or reusable launch vehicle, RLV) is a launch system which is capable of launching a launch vehicle into space more than once.

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Reusable Vehicle Testing

The Reusable Vehicle Testing (RVT) project was conducted by the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) from 1998 until 2003.

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Salt Lake City

Salt Lake City, often shortened to Salt Lake or SLC is the capital and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Utah.

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Single-stage-to-orbit

A single-stage-to-orbit (or SSTO) vehicle reaches orbit from the surface of a body without jettisoning hardware, expending only propellants and fluids.

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Skunk Works

Skunk Works is an official alias for Lockheed Martin's Advanced Development Programs (ADP), formerly called Lockheed Advanced Development Projects. Skunk Works is responsible for a number of famous aircraft designs, including the U-2, the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, and the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor.

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Skylon (spacecraft)

Skylon is a design for a single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane by the British company Reaction Engines Limited (REL), using SABRE, a combined-cycle, air-breathing rocket propulsion system, potentially reusable for 200 flights.

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Space Launch Initiative

The Space Launch Initiative (SLI) was a NASA and U.S. Department of Defense joint research and technology project to determine the requirements to meet all the nation’s hypersonics, space launch and space technology needs.

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Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

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Spaceplane

A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space.

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Suborbital spaceplane

A suborbital spaceplane is a spaceplane designed specifically for sub-orbital spaceflight.

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Takeoff and landing

Vehicles that can fly can have different ways to take off and land.

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Technology demonstration

A technology demonstration or Demonstrator model is a prototype, rough example or an otherwise incomplete version of a conceivable product or future system, put together as proof of concept with the primary purpose of showcasing the possible applications, feasibility, performance and method of an idea for a new technology.

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Teledesic

Teledesic was a company founded in the 1990s to build a commercial broadband satellite constellation for Internet services.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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VentureStar

VentureStar was a single-stage-to-orbit reusable launch system proposed by Lockheed Martin and funded by the U.S. government.

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VTVL

Vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) is a form of takeoff and landing for rockets.

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Weight

In science and engineering, the weight of an object is usually taken to be the force on the object due to gravity.

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Zarya (spacecraft)

The Zarya spacecraft was a secret Soviet project of the late 1980s aiming to design and build a large, manned, vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) reusable space capsule, a much larger replacement for the Soyuz spacecraft.

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Redirects here:

Boeing X-33, X 33, X-33, X33.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockheed_Martin_X-33

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