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Malcolm X

MalcolmX (May19, 1925February21, 1965), born Malcolm Little and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz (الحاجّ مالك الشباز), was an American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. [1]

243 relations: A Lie of Reinvention, A. Peter Bailey, Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam, African American, African diaspora, African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68), Afrocentrism, Ahmed Ben Bella, Ahmed Sékou Touré, Al Freeman, Jr., Alex Haley, Ali (film), Ali: An American Hero, Allah, American Experience, American Playhouse, Andrew Young, Antisemitism, Arabic, Archie Epps, Arraignment, Assassination of John F. Kennedy, Atlanta, Attila, Audubon Ballroom, Baptists, Barry Goldwater, Barry Goldwater presidential campaign, 1964, Bayard Rustin, BBC, Beliefs and theology of the Nation of Islam, Berkeley, California, Betty Shabazz, Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, Black Arts Movement, Black is beautiful, Black Legion (political movement), Black nationalism, Black Power, Black pride, Black separatism, Black supremacy, Brooklyn, By any means necessary, CBS News, Central Intelligence Agency, Charlestown State Prison, Charter school, Church of God in Christ, ..., Civil Rights Act of 1964, CNN, COINTELPRO, Columbia University, Columbia University Medical Center, Congress of Racial Equality, Conscription in the United States, Conservative Party (UK), Cracker (pejorative), Daily Times of Nigeria, Dallas, Death of a Prophet, Denzel Washington, Dick Anthony Williams, Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era, Drug rehabilitation, East Elmhurst, Queens, Ebony (magazine), Ed Koch, Elijah Muhammad, Ella Little-Collins, Encyclopedia Africana, Expurgation, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Ferdie Pacheco, Ferncliff Cemetery, Fidel Castro, Flint, Michigan, Foster care, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Gary Dourdan, George Breitman, Georgia (U.S. state), Ghanaian Times, Gordon Parks, Grand jury, Grenada, Growing Up X, Hajj, Hajji, Harlem, Harry S. Truman, Hartford, Connecticut, Hartsdale, New York, Hayer affidavits, Herb Boyd, Hip hop music, Honorific, Human rights activists, Ilyasah Shabazz, Institute of Race Relations, James Baldwin, James Earl Jones, James Farmer, James Forman, Jeddah, Jeff Stetson, Jesse Gray, Joe Morton, John Brown (abolitionist), John Lewis (politician), Kalamazoo Regional Psychiatric Hospital, Kenneth Kaunda, Kim McLarin, King (miniseries), King of the World (film), Korean War, Ku Klux Klan, Kublai Khan, Kwame Nkrumah, Labour Party (UK), Laity, Lansing State Journal, Lansing, Michigan, Lenox Avenue, Los Angeles Police Department, Louis Farrakhan, Louis Lomax, Madison, Wisconsin, Maison de la Mutualité, Malcolm Shabazz City High School, Malcolm X (1992 film), Malcolm X House Site, Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention, Malikah Shabazz, March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Marcus Garvey, Mario Van Peebles, Martin Luther King, Jr., Martin Scorsese, Masjid Malcolm Shabazz, Mecca, Medgar Evers, Mental breakdown, Milwaukee, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Miniseries, Morgan Freeman, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Speaks, Muslim Mosque, Inc., Nation of Islam, National Register of Historic Places, New York (magazine), New York Amsterdam News, New York City, New York City Opera, New York City Police Department, New York Post, Newark, New Jersey, Nonviolence, North Omaha, Nebraska, Northern United States, Off-Broadway, Omaha World-Herald, Omaha, Nebraska, Organisation of African Unity, Organization of Afro-American Unity, Ossie Davis, Oxford Union, Pan-Africanism, Patrice Lumumba, PBS, Playboy, Procuring (prostitution), Prophet, Public Enemy (band), Qubilah Shabazz, Queens, Racial integration, Racial segregation in the United States, Racism, Racket (crime), Reparations for slavery, Robert Penn Warren, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center, Roger Ebert, Roots: The Next Generations, Roxbury, Boston, Ruby Dee, San Diego Public Library, San Diego Union-Tribune, San Jose Mercury News, Saviours' Day, Sawed-off shotgun, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Scottish people, Selma (film), Sidney Poitier, Slavery in the United States, Smethwick, Smethwick in the 1964 general election, Smithsonian (magazine), Socialism, Socialist Workers Party (United States), Springfield, Massachusetts, Sunni Islam, Tanganyika, Texas Monthly, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, The Ballot or the Bullet, The Diary of Malcolm X, The Final Call, The Greatest (1977 film), The Grio, The Guardian, The Hate That Hate Produced, The Meeting (play), The New York Times, The Root (magazine), Third World, Thomas Hagan, Time (magazine), Tram, United Arab Republic, United Kingdom general election, 1964, United Nations General Assembly, United States Postal Service, United States Senate, Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, University of Ibadan, Variety (magazine), Wallace Fard Muhammad, Warith Deen Mohammed, We the People (petitioning system), Western United States, Who Speaks for the Negro?, Yakub (Nation of Islam), Yoruba language, Zambian African National Congress, 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, 60 Minutes. Expand index (193 more) »

A Lie of Reinvention

A Lie of Reinvention: Correcting Manning Marable's Malcolm X is a collection of essays related to Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable.

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A. Peter Bailey

A.

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Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam

Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam (عبد الرحمن حسن عزام) (1893–1976), also known as Azzam Pasha, was an Egyptian diplomat, with family origins in Egypt.

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African American

African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.

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African diaspora

The African diaspora refers to the communities throughout the world that are descended from the historic movement of peoples from Africa, predominantly to the Americas, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, among other areas around the globe.

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African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)

The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement, sometimes anachronistically referred to as the "African-American Civil Rights Movement" although the term "African-Americans" was not used in the 1960s, encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against black Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law.

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Afrocentrism

Afrocentrism (also Afrocentricity) is a cultural ideology, worldview mostly limited to the United States and is dedicated to the history of Black people.

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Ahmed Ben Bella

Ahmed Ben Bella (أحمد بن بلّة; 25 December 1916 – 11 April 2012) was an Algerian socialist soldier and revolutionary who was the first President of Algeria from 1963 to 1965.

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Ahmed Sékou Touré

Ahmed Sékou Touré (var. Ahmed Sheku Turay) (January 9, 1922 – March 26, 1984) was a Guinean political leader; head of the PDG, he was elected as the first President of Guinea, serving from 1958 to his death in 1984.

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Al Freeman, Jr.

Albert Cornelius "Al" Freeman, Jr. (March 21, 1934 – August 9, 2012) was an American actor, director, and educator.

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Alex Haley

Alexander Murray Palmer "Alex" Haley (August 11, 1921February 10, 1992) was an American writer known as the author of the 1976 book Roots: The Saga of an American Family. The book was adapted by ABC as a TV mini-series of the same name and aired in 1977 to a record-breaking 130 million viewers.

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Ali (film)

Ali is a 2001 American biographical sports drama film directed by Michael Mann.

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Ali: An American Hero

Ali: An American Hero is an American television film which aired on August 31, 2000 on FOX.

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Allah

Allah (or; الله) is the Arabic word for God (al ilāh, literally "the God").

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American Experience

American Experience is a television program airing on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Public television stations in the United States.

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American Playhouse

American Playhouse was an anthology television series periodically broadcast by Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in the United States.

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Andrew Young

Andrew Jackson Young, Jr.

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Antisemitism

Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is prejudice against, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews as an ethnic, religious, or racial group.

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Arabic

Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.

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Archie Epps

Archie C. Epps III (b. May 19, 1937 Lake Charles, Louisiana, d. August 21, 2003, in Boston) was dean of students at Harvard College from 1971 to 1999.

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Arraignment

Arraignment is a formal reading of a criminal charging document in the presence of the defendant to inform the defendant of the charges against them.

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Assassination of John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time (18:30 UTC) on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas.

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Atlanta

Atlanta (locally) is the capital of and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Georgia, with an estimated 2013 population of 447,841.

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Attila

Attila (or; fl. 434–453), frequently referred to as Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453.

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Audubon Ballroom

The Audubon Theatre and Ballroom, generally referred to as the Audubon Ballroom, was a theatre and ballroom located at 3940 Broadway at West 165th Street in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.

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Baptists

Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of Christian denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling).

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Barry Goldwater

Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician and businessman who was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–65, 1969–87) and the Republican Party's nominee for president in the 1964 election.

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Barry Goldwater presidential campaign, 1964

The Barry Goldwater presidential campaign of 1964 began when United States Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona elected to seek the Republican Party nomination for President of the United States to challenge incumbent Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson.

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Bayard Rustin

Bayard Rustin (March 17, 1912 – August 24, 1987) was an American leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, nonviolence, and gay rights.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

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Beliefs and theology of the Nation of Islam

This article is about the Beliefs and theology of the Nation of Islam.

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Berkeley, California

Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California, United States.

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Betty Shabazz

Betty Shabazz (May 28, 1934 – June 23, 1997), born Betty Dean Sanders and also known as Betty X, was an American educator and civil rights advocate.

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Birmingham

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

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Birmingham, Alabama

Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama.

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Black Arts Movement

The Black Arts Movement, Black Aesthetics Movement or BAM is the artistic branch of the Black Power movement.

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Black is beautiful

Black is beautiful is a cultural movement that was started in the United States of America in the 1960s by African Americans.

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Black Legion (political movement)

The Black Legion was a secret vigilante organization in the Midwest of the United States that splintered from the Ku Klux Klan and operated during the 1930s of the Great Depression.

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Black nationalism

Black nationalism (BN) advocates a racial definition (or redefinition) of national identity.

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Black Power

Black Power is a political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination for people of African/Black descent.

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Black pride

Black pride is a movement encouraging people to take pride in being black.

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Black separatism

Black separatism is a movement to create separate institutions for people of African descent in societies historically dominated by whites, particularly in the United States.

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Black supremacy

Black supremacy is a racist ideology stemming from the presupposition that Black people are superior to people of other racial backgrounds and therefore, Black people should politically dominate non-Black people.

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Brooklyn

Brooklyn is the most populous of New York City's five boroughs, with a Census-estimated 2,621,793 people in 2014.

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By any means necessary

By any means necessary is a translation of a phrase used by the French intellectual Jean-Paul Sartre in his play Dirty Hands.

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CBS News

CBS News is the news division of American television and radio network CBS.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Charlestown State Prison

Charlestown State Prison was a correctional facility in Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts operated by the Massachusetts Department of Correction.

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Charter school

A charter school is a school that receives public funding but operates independently of the established public school system in which it is located.

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Church of God in Christ

The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership.

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Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

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CNN

The Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner.

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COINTELPRO

COINTELPRO (an acronym for '''CO'''unter '''INTEL'''ligence PROgram) is a series of covert, and at times illegal, projects conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) aimed at surveilling, infiltrating, discrediting, and disrupting domestic political organizations.

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Columbia University

Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

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Columbia University Medical Center

Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) is an academic medical center and one of the campuses of New York-Presbyterian Hospital.

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Congress of Racial Equality

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.

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Conscription in the United States

Conscription in the United States, commonly known as the draft, has been employed by the federal government on three occasions.

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Conservative Party (UK)

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

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Cracker (pejorative)

Cracker, sometimes white cracker or cracka, is a derogatory term for white people, especially poor rural whites in the Southern United States.

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Daily Times of Nigeria

The Dailytimes Nigeria is a newspaper with headquarters in Lagos.

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Dallas

Dallas is a major city in Texas and is the largest urban center of the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the United States.

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Death of a Prophet

Death of a Prophet - The Last Days of Malcolm X is a 1981 made for TV film, written and directed by Woodie King Jr. and starring Morgan Freeman as Malcolm X.

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Denzel Washington

Denzel Hayes Washington, Jr. (born December 28, 1954) is an American actor and filmmaker.

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Dick Anthony Williams

Dick Anthony Williams (born Richard Anthony Williams; August 9, 1934 – February 16, 2012) was an American actor.

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Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era

Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era deals with the efforts made by Southern states of the former Confederacy at the turn of the 20th century in the United States to prevent their black citizens from registering to vote and voting.

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Drug rehabilitation

Drug rehabilitation (often drug rehab or just rehab) is a term for the processes of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines.

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East Elmhurst, Queens

East Elmhurst is a culturally diverse area in the northwest section of the New York City borough of Queens.

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Ebony (magazine)

Ebony is a monthly magazine for the African-American market.

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Ed Koch

Edward Irving "Ed" Koch (December 12, 1924February 1, 2013) was an American lawyer, politician, political commentator, movie critic and reality television arbitrator.

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Elijah Muhammad

Elijah Muhammad (born Elijah Robert Poole; October 7, 1897 – February 25, 1975) was an African-American religious leader, who led the Nation of Islam (NOI) from 1934 until his death in 1975.

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Ella Little-Collins

Ella Little-Collins (1914 - 1996) was an American civil rights activist and the half-sister of Malcolm X. She was born in Butler, Georgia, to Earl Little and Daisy Mason-Little; her grandparents were John (Big Pa) Lee Little and Ella Gray-Little, and her siblings, including half-siblings, were Mary, Earl Lee Jr, Wilfred, Philbert, Hilda, Reginald, Malcolm, Wesley, and Evonne.

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Encyclopedia Africana

Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African-American Experience edited by Henry Louis Gates and Anthony Appiah (Basic Civitas Books 1999, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-19-517055-9) is a compendium of Africana studies including African studies and the "Pan-African diaspora" inspired by W. E. B. Du Bois' project of an Encyclopedia Africana.

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Expurgation

Expurgation is a form of censorship which involves purging anything deemed noxious or offensive, usually from an artistic work.

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Faisal of Saudi Arabia

Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود; 14 April 1906 – 25 March 1975) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975.

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, which simultaneously serves as the nation's prime Federal law enforcement organization.

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Ferdie Pacheco

Dr.

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Ferncliff Cemetery

Ferncliff Cemetery and Mausoleum is located at 280 Secor Road in the hamlet of Hartsdale, town of Greenburgh, Westchester County, New York, about 25 miles north of Midtown Manhattan.

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Fidel Castro

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) is a Cuban politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and then President from 1976 to 2008.

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Flint, Michigan

Flint is the largest city and county seat of Genesee County in the State of Michigan.

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Foster care

Foster care is a system in which a minor has been placed into a ward, group home, or private home of a state-certified caregiver referred to as a "foster parent".

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Gamal Abdel Nasser

Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein (جمال عبد الناصر حسين,; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death.

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Gary Dourdan

Gary Dourdan (born Gary Robert Durdin: December 11, 1966) is an American actor.

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George Breitman

George Breitman (February 28, 1916 – April 19, 1986) was an American communist political activist and newspaper editor.

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Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States.

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Ghanaian Times

The Ghanaian Times is a government-owned daily newspaper published in Accra, Ghana.

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Gordon Parks

Gordon Parks (November 30, 1912 – March 7, 2006) was an American photographer, musician, writer and film director.

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Grand jury

A grand jury is a legal body that is empowered to conduct official proceedings to investigate potential criminal conduct and to determine whether criminal charges should be brought.

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Grenada

Grenada (La Grenade) is an island country consisting of Grenada itself and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea.

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Growing Up X

Growing Up X: A Memoir by the Daughter of Malcolm X is a 2002 book by Ilyasah Shabazz, the third daughter of Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz.

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Hajj

The Hajj (حج "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult male Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.

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Hajji

Hajji (sometimes spelled Hadji, Haji, Alhaji, Al hage, Al hag or El-Hajj) is an honorific title given to a Muslim person who has successfully completed the Hajj to Mecca, as well as a derogatory term used by a lot of people towards Arabs, Muslims and Middle Easterners in general.

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Harlem

Harlem is a large neighborhood within the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.

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Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884December 26, 1972) was the 33rd President of the United States (1945–53).

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Hartford, Connecticut

Hartford is the capital of Connecticut and the historic seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960.

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Hartsdale, New York

Hartsdale is a hamlet and a census-designated place (CDP) located in the town of Greenburgh, Westchester County, New York.

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Hayer affidavits

The Hayer affidavits are two affidavits made by Talmadge Hayer—also known by the name Thomas Hagan—one of the convicted assassins of Malcolm X.

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Herb Boyd

Herb Boyd (born November 1, 1938) is an American journalist, educator, author, and activist.

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Hip hop music

Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.

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Honorific

An honorific title is a word or expression with connotations conveying esteem or respect when used in addressing or referring to a person.

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Human rights activists

Human rights defenders or human rights activists are people who, individually or with others, act to promote or protect some variation of human rights.

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Ilyasah Shabazz

Ilyasah Shabazz (born July 22, 1962) is the third daughter of Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz.

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Institute of Race Relations

The Institute of Race Relations is a think tank based in the United Kingdom.

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James Baldwin

James Arthur Baldwin (August 2, 1924 – December 1, 1987) was an American novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, and social critic.

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James Earl Jones

James Earl Jones is an American actor who in a career of more than 60 years became known as "one of America's most distinguished and versatile" actors and "one of the greatest actors in American history." Since his Broadway debut in 1957, Jones has won many awards, including a Tony Award and Golden Globe Award for his role in The Great White Hope.

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James Farmer

James Leonard Farmer, Jr. (January 12, 1920 – July 9, 1999) was a civil rights activist and leader in the American Civil Rights Movement "who pushed for nonviolent protest to dismantle segregation, and served alongside Martin Luther King Jr." He was the initiator and organizer of the 1961 Freedom Ride, which eventually led to the desegregation of inter-state transportation in the United States.

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James Forman

James Forman (October 4, 1928 – January 10, 2005) was an American Civil Rights leader active in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, the Black Panther Party, and the International Black Workers Congress.

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Jeddah

Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah or Jedda ;; جدة or) is a city in the Hijaz Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia.

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Jeff Stetson

Jeff Stetson is an American writer best known for such novels and plays as Blood on the Leaves and The Meeting, a 1987 play about an imaginary meeting between Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X in 1965 in a hotel in Harlem.

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Jesse Gray

Jesse Gray (May 14, 1923 – January 2, 1988) was an American civil rights leader and politician from New York.

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Joe Morton

Joseph Thomas Morton, Jr. (born October 18, 1947) is an American stage, television, and film actor, known professionally as Joe Morton.

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John Brown (abolitionist)

John Brown (May 9, 1800December 2, 1859) was a white American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States.

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John Lewis (politician)

John Robert Lewis (born February 21, 1940) is an American politician and civil rights leader.

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Kalamazoo Regional Psychiatric Hospital

The Kalamazoo Psychiatric Hospital is the largest mental health institution in Michigan.

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Kenneth Kaunda

Kenneth David Kaunda (born 28 April 1924), also known as KK, served as the first President of Zambia, from 1964 to 1991.

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Kim McLarin

Kim McLarin is an African-American novelist.

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King (miniseries)

King is a television miniseries based on the life of Dr.

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King of the World (film)

King of the World is an American television film which aired on January 10, 2000 on ABC.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean Hangul: 한국전쟁, Hanja: 韓國戰爭, Hanguk Jeonjaeng, "Korean War"; in North Korean Chosungul: 조국해방전쟁, Joguk Haebang Jeonjaeng, "Fatherland Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.

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Ku Klux Klan

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK), or simply "the Klan", is the name of three distinct past and present movements in the United States that have advocated extremist reactionary currents such as white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration, historically expressed through terrorism of groups or individuals they opposed.

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Kublai Khan

Kublai Khan (Хубилай хаан, Xubilaĭ xaan; Qubilai Qaγan, "King Qubilai"; September 23, 1215 – February 18, 1294), born Kublai (Хубилай, Xubilaĭ; Qubilai;, Kubilay Han; also spelled Khubilai) and also known by the temple name Shizu (Emperor Shizu of Yuan), was the fifth Khagan (Great Khan) of the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls), reigning from 1260 to 1294, although it was only nominal due to the division of the empire.

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Kwame Nkrumah

Kwame Nkrumah PC (1909? – 27 April 1972) led Ghana to independence from Britain in 1957 and served as its first prime minister and president.

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Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.

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Laity

In religious organizations, the laity consists of all members who are not a part of the clergy, whether they are or are not members of religious institutes, e.g. a nun or lay brother.

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Lansing State Journal

The Lansing State Journal is a daily newspaper published in Lansing, Michigan owned by Gannett.

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Lansing, Michigan

Lansing is the capital of the U.S. state of Michigan.

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Lenox Avenue

Lenox Avenue – also named Malcolm X Boulevard; both names are officially recognized – is the primary north–south route through Harlem in the upper portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan.

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Los Angeles Police Department

The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), officially the City of Los Angeles Police Department, is the law enforcement agency of Los Angeles, California.

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Louis Farrakhan

Louis Farrakhan, Sr. (born Louis Eugene Wolcott; May 11, 1933, and formerly known as Louis X) is the leader of the religious group Nation of Islam (NOI).

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Louis Lomax

Louis Emanuel Lomax (August 16, 1922 – July 30, 1970) was an African-American journalist and author.

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Madison, Wisconsin

Madison is the capital of the State of Wisconsin and the county seat of Dane County.

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Maison de la Mutualité

The Maison de la Mutualité (often shortened to la Mutualité) is a conference center at 24 Rue Saint-Victor, 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.

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Malcolm Shabazz City High School

Malcolm Shabazz City High School is a four-year alternative high school in Madison, Wisconsin.

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Malcolm X (1992 film)

Malcolm X is a 1992 American biographical drama film about the Afro-American activist Malcolm X. Directed and co-written by Spike Lee, the film stars Denzel Washington in the title role, as well as Angela Bassett, Albert Hall, Al Freeman, Jr., and Delroy Lindo.

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Malcolm X House Site

The Malcolm X House Site located at 3448 Pinkney Street in North Omaha, Nebraska, marks the place where Malcolm X first lived with his family.

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Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention

Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention is a biography of Malcolm X written by American historian Manning Marable.

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Malikah Shabazz

Malikah Shabazz (born September 30, 1965) is one of the twin daughters of Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz, along with Malaak Shabazz.

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March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, the March on Washington, or The Great March on Washington as styled in a sound recording released after the event, was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans.

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Marcus Garvey

Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., ONH (17 August 188710 June 1940), was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL).

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Mario Van Peebles

Mario Van Peebles (born January 15, 1957) is an American film director and actor best known for directing New Jack City in 1991.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968), was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.

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Martin Scorsese

Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor, and film historian, whose career spans more than 45 years.

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Masjid Malcolm Shabazz

Masjid Malcolm Shabazz, formerly known as Mosque No.

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Mecca

Mecca (مكة), also transliterated Makkah, is a city in the Hejaz in Saudi Arabia.

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Medgar Evers

Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925June 12, 1963) was a black civil rights activist from Mississippi involved in efforts to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi.

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Mental breakdown

Mental breakdown (also known as a nervous breakdown) is a general term for an acute, time-limited psychiatric disorder that manifests primarily as severe stress-induced depression, anxiety, and/or dissociation in a previously functional individual, to the extent that they are no longer able to function on a day-to-day basis until the disorder is resolved.

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Milwaukee

Milwaukee is the largest city in the State of Wisconsin, the 31st most populous city in the United States, and anchors the 39th most populous Metropolitan Statistical Area in the United States.

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Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel is a daily morning broadsheet printed in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

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Miniseries

A miniseries (also mini-series) is a television program that tells a story in a predetermined, limited number of episodes.

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Morgan Freeman

Morgan Freeman, The New Yorker, July 3, 1978.

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Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr.; January 17, 1942) is an American former professional boxer, generally considered among the greatest heavyweights in the history of the sport.

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Muhammad Speaks

Muhammad Speaks, now known as the Muslim Journal,Lincoln, C. Eric (1994), The Black Muslims in America, Third Edition, William B. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company), p. 275.

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Muslim Mosque, Inc.

Muslim Mosque, Inc. (MMI) was an Islamic organization formed by Malcolm X after he left the Nation of Islam.

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Nation of Islam

The Nation of Islam (أمة الإسلام, abbreviated as NOI) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Detroit, United States, by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July 4, 1930.

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National Register of Historic Places

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation.

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New York (magazine)

New York is a bi-weekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.

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New York Amsterdam News

The New York Amsterdam News is an American weekly newspaper geared to the African-American community of New York City, New York.

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New York City

New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

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New York City Opera

The New York City Opera (NYCO) was an American opera company located in New York City.

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New York City Police Department

The New York City Police Department (NYPD or NYCPD), officially the City of New York Police Department, was established in 1845 and is the largest municipal police force in the United States, having primary responsibilities in law enforcement and investigation within the five boroughs of New York City.

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New York Post

The New York Post is an American daily newspaper, primarily distributed in New York City and its surrounding area.

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Newark, New Jersey

Newark (or also locally) is the largest city (by population) in the U.S. state of New Jersey, and the county seat of Essex County.

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Nonviolence

Nonviolence (from Sanskrit ahimṣā, non-violence, "lack of desire to harm or kill") is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition.

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North Omaha, Nebraska

North Omaha is a community area in Omaha, Nebraska, in the United States.

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Northern United States

The Northern United States can be a geographic and/or historical term and definition.

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Off-Broadway

An Off-Broadway theatre is a professional venue in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499.

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Omaha World-Herald

The Omaha World-Herald is the primary daily newspaper of Nebraska and portions of southwest Iowa.

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Omaha, Nebraska

Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska, United States, and is the county seat of Douglas County.

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Organisation of African Unity

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU; Organisation de l'unité africaine (OUA)) was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, with 32 signatory governments.

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Organization of Afro-American Unity

The Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) was a Pan-Africanist organization founded by Malcolm X in 1964.

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Ossie Davis

Ossie Davis (born Raiford Chatman Davis; December 18, 1917 – February 4, 2005) was an American film, television and Broadway actor, director, poet, playwright, author, and social activist.

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Oxford Union

The Oxford Union Society, commonly referred to simply as the Oxford Union, is a debating society in the city of Oxford, England, whose membership is drawn primarily from the University of Oxford.

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Pan-Africanism

Pan-Africanism is an ideology and movement that encourages the solidarity of Africans worldwide.

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Patrice Lumumba

Patrice Émery Lumumba (2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was a Congolese independence leader and the first democratically elected leader of the Congo.

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PBS

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

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Playboy

Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine.

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Procuring (prostitution)

Procuring or pandering is the facilitation or provision of a prostitute or sex worker in the arrangement of a sex act with a customer.

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Prophet

In religion, a prophet is an individual who is claimed to have been contacted by the supernatural or the divine, and to speak for them, serving as an intermediary with humanity, delivering this newfound knowledge from the supernatural entity to other people.

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Public Enemy (band)

Public Enemy is an American hip hop group consisting of Chuck D, Flavor Flav, Professor Griff, The S1W group, Khari Wynn and DJ Lord.

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Qubilah Shabazz

Qubilah Shabazz (born December 25, 1960) is the second daughter of Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz.

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Queens

Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City, geographically adjacent to the borough of Brooklyn at the western end of Long Island.

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Racial integration

Racial integration, or simply integration, includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation).

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Racial segregation in the United States

Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, included the segregation or "hypersegregation" of facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines.

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Racism

Racism consists of ideologies and practices that seek to justify, or cause, the unequal distribution of privileges, rights, or goods amongst, or otherwise exhibit hatred or prejudice towards, different racial groups.

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Racket (crime)

A racket is a service that is fraudulently offered to solve a problem, such as for a problem that does not actually exist, that will not be put into effect, or that would not otherwise exist if the racket did not exist.

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Reparations for slavery

Reparations for slavery is the idea that some form of compensatory payment should be made to the descendants of Africans who had been enslaved by the Atlantic Slave Trade.

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Robert Penn Warren

Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905 – September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic and was one of the founders of New Criticism.

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Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center

The Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center is a library in Atlanta which serves the four members of the Atlanta University Center, the world's oldest consortium of historically black colleges and universities (Clark Atlanta University, Morehouse College, Morehouse School of Medicine, and Spelman College) and the Interdenominational Theological Center.

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Roger Ebert

Roger Joseph Ebert (June 18, 1942 – April 4, 2013) was an American film critic and historian, journalist, screenwriter and author.

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Roots: The Next Generations

Roots: The Next Generations is a television miniseries, introduced in 1979, continuing, from 1882 to the 1960s, the fictionalized story of the family of Alex Haley and their life in Henning, Lauderdale County, Tennessee, USA.

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Roxbury, Boston

Roxbury is a dissolved municipality and a currently officially recognized neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. Roxbury is one of 21 official neighborhoods of Boston, used by the city for neighborhood services coordination.

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Ruby Dee

Ruby Dee (October 27, 1922 – June 11, 2014) was an American actress, poet, playwright, screenwriter, journalist and activist.

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San Diego Public Library

The San Diego Public Library is a public library system serving the city of San Diego, California.

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San Diego Union-Tribune

The San Diego Union-Tribune is a daily newspaper published in San Diego, California.

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San Jose Mercury News

The San Jose Mercury News is an American daily newspaper, published in San Jose, California.

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Saviours' Day

Saviours' Day is a holiday of the Nation of Islam commemorating the birth of its founder, Master Wallace Fard Muhammad (W. D. Fard), officially stated to be February 26, 1877.

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Sawed-off shotgun

A sawed-off shotgun also called a sawn-off shotgun (UK, IRL, AU, NZ, CAN) and a short-barreled shotgun (SBS) (U.S. legislative terminology), is a type of shotgun with a shorter gun barrel—typically under 18 inches—and often a shorter or absent stock.

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Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture is a research library of the New York Public Library (NYPL) and an archive repository for information on people of African descent worldwide.

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Scottish people

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Selma (film)

Selma is a 2014 American historical drama film directed by Ava DuVernay and written by Paul Webb.

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Sidney Poitier

Sir Sidney Poitier, KBE (or; born February 20, 1927), is a Bahamian-American actor, film director, author and diplomat.

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Slavery in the United States

Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel slavery that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries after it gained independence and before the end of the American Civil War.

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Smethwick

Smethwick is a town in Sandwell, West Midlands, historically in Staffordshire.

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Smethwick in the 1964 general election

The West Midlands constituency of Smethwick gained national media coverage in the 1964 general election when Peter Griffiths of the Conservative Party gained the seat against the national trend amidst allegations of racism.

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Smithsonian (magazine)

Smithsonian is the official journal published by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. The first issue was published in 1970.

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Socialism

Socialism is a social and economic system characterised by social ownership and/or social control of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy, as well as a political theory and movement that aims at the establishment of such a system.

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Socialist Workers Party (United States)

The Socialist Workers Party (SWP) is a far-left political organization in the United States.

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Springfield, Massachusetts

Springfield is a city in Western New England, and the seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States.

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Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his father-in-law Abu Bakr.

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Tanganyika

Tanganyika was a sovereign state from 1961 to 1964.

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Texas Monthly

Texas Monthly is a monthly American magazine headquartered in Austin, Texas.

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The Autobiography of Malcolm X

The Autobiography of Malcolm X was published in 1965, the result of a collaboration between human rights activist Malcolm X and journalist Alex Haley.

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The Ballot or the Bullet

"The Ballot or the Bullet" is the title of a public speech by human rights activist Malcolm X. In the speech, which was delivered on April 3, 1964, at Cory Methodist Church in Cleveland, Ohio, Malcolm advised African Americans to judiciously exercise their right to vote, but he cautioned that if the government continued to prevent African Americans from attaining full equality, it might be necessary for them to take up arms.

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The Diary of Malcolm X

The Diary of Malcolm X is a record of Malcolm X's thoughts during 1964, a year that included his pilgrimage to Mecca and two trips to Africa.

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The Final Call

The Final Call is a newspaper published in Chicago.

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The Greatest (1977 film)

The Greatest is a 1977 film about the life of boxer Muhammad Ali, in which Ali plays himself.

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The Grio

The Grio is an American website with news and video content geared particularly toward African Americans.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.

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The Hate That Hate Produced

The Hate That Hate Produced is a television documentary about Black Nationalism in America, focusing on the Nation of Islam and, to a lesser extent, the United African Nationalist Movement.

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The Meeting (play)

The Meeting is a 1987 American play by Jeff Stetson about an imaginary meeting between Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X in 1965 in a hotel in Harlem during the height of the Civil Rights Movement.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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The Root (magazine)

The Root is an English-language online magazine of African-American culture launched on January 28, 2008, by Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

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Third World

The term Third World arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO, or the Communist Bloc.

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Thomas Hagan

Thomas Hagan (born March 16, 1941) is a former member of the Nation of Islam, who was one of the assassins that killed Malcolm X in 1965.

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Time (magazine)

Time (styled within the magazine as TIME) is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City.

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Tram

A tram (also known as tramcar; and in North America known as streetcar, trolley or trolley car), is a rail vehicle which runs on tracks along public urban streets (called street running), and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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United Arab Republic

The United Arab Republic (UAR; الجمهورية العربية المتحدة) was a short-lived political union between Egypt and Syria.

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United Kingdom general election, 1964

The United Kingdom general election of 1964 was won by the Labour Party with a majority of four seats.

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United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA, GA, or, from the Assemblée Générale, "AG") is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation.

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United States Postal Service

The United States Postal Service, also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service, often abbreviated as USPS, is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the U.S. House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.

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Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League

The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) is a black nationalist fraternal organization founded by Marcus Mosiah Garvey.

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University of Ibadan

The University of Ibadan(UI) is the oldest and one of the most prestigious Nigerian universities, and is located five miles (8 kilometres) from the centre of the major city of Ibadan in Western Nigeria.

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Variety (magazine)

Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine owned by Penske Media Corporation.

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Wallace Fard Muhammad

Wallace D. Fard (26 February, year uncertain - ?) was the founder of the Nation of Islam.

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Warith Deen Mohammed

Warith Deen Mohammed (born Wallace D. Muhammad; October 30, 1933 – September 9, 2008), also known as "W.

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We the People (petitioning system)

We the People is a section of the whitehouse.gov website, launched September 22, 2011,, for petitioning the current administration's policy experts.

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Western United States

The Western United States, commonly referred to as the American West or simply the West, traditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States.

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Who Speaks for the Negro?

Who Speaks for the Negro? is a book of interviews Robert Penn Warren conducted with Civil Rights Movement activists, published in 1965, reissued by Yale University Press in 2014.

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Yakub (Nation of Islam)

Yakub (sometimes spelled Yacub or Yakob) is, according to the Nation of Islam (NOI), a black scientist who lived "6,600 years ago" and was responsible for creating the white race to be a "race of devils".

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Yoruba language

Yoruba (Yor. èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa mainly in Nigeria.

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Zambian African National Congress

The Zambian African National Congress was a political organisation dedicated to promoting the rights of black people in Northern Rhodesia.

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16th Street Baptist Church bombing

The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred at the African-American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama on Sunday, September 15, 1963, when four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the front steps of the church.

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60 Minutes

60 Minutes is an American newsmagazine television program broadcast on the CBS television network.

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Redirects here:

Al Hajj Malik al-Shabazz, Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, Atallah Shabazz, Attillah Shabazz, Detroit Red, El Hajj Malik El Shabazz, El Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, El-Hajj Malik, El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, El-Hajj Malik Shabazz, El-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, Hajj Malik El Shabazz, Khalil Islam, M Alcolm X, Malcolm Little, Malcolm X Shabazz, Malcolm ex, Malcolm the Tenth, Malcolm x, Malcolm-x, Malcolmx, Malcom X, Malcom X Little, Malcom x, Malcomx, Malik El-Shabazz, Malik Shabazz, Malik Shabbaz, Malik al-Shabazz, Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Norman 3X Butler, Omowale, Thomas 15X Johnson, الحاجّ مالك الشباز.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malcolm_X

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