217 relations: Academic journal, Advowson, Aestheticism, Alfred Marshall, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Algernon Charles Swinburne, Alma mater, Alnwick, Anglicanism, Anglo-Catholicism, Anglo-Scottish border, Arabic, Archbishop of Canterbury, Arthur Winnington-Ingram, Association football, Balliol College, Oxford, Beatrice Webb, Benjamin Jowett, Bishop, Bishop of London, Bishop of Newcastle (England), Bishop of Peterborough, Bishop of Winchester, Board of guardians, Book of Common Prayer, Branch theory, Brasenose College, Oxford, British Museum, British undergraduate degree classification, Broad church, Cabinetry, Canon (priest), Carlisle, Cumbria, Cathedral school, Catholic Church, Charles Darwin, Church history, Church of England, Classics, Clergy, Consecration, Cope, Cornhill Magazine, Corporal punishment, Council of Trent, Creighton Lecture, Cricket, Crosier, Crypt, Cumberland, ..., Cumbria, Curate, Dame school, Depression (mood), Diocese, Diocese of London, Diocese of York, Diplopia, Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History, Durham Cathedral, Durham School, Durham, England, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edinburgh, Edward Augustus Freeman, Edward Benson (bishop), Edward Caird, Edward Glyn, Edwardian era, Elementary Education Act 1870, Embleton, Northumberland, Emmanuel College, Cambridge, English people, English Poor Laws, Ernest Wilberforce, Evangelicalism, Fellow, Fibromyalgia, Field hockey, Fish processing, Flyer (pamphlet), Francis Parkman, Frederic William Maitland, Frederick Temple, Fulham Palace, George Saintsbury, George Walter Prothero, Girls' Friendly Society, Girton College, Cambridge, Given name, Haddock, Harvard University, Head girl and head boy, Hebrew language, Henry Melvill Gwatkin, Henry Scott Holland, Herring, High church, Historian, Historiography, Holy orders, Homer, Homeschooling, House of Borgia, House of Lords, Hubert von Herkomer, Hulsean Lectures, Influenza, James Russell Lowell, John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, John Harvard (clergyman), John Kensit, John Robert Seeley, John Ruskin, Kent, King's College London, King's Scholar, Lambeth Palace, Languages of Asia, Latin poetry, Leicester, Literae Humaniores, Local government, Lockout (industry), London, Longman, Louise Creighton, Low church, Magnum opus, Mary Bateson (historian), Masterpiece, Merton College, Oxford, Mitre, Mothers' Union, Myopia, National Portrait Gallery, London, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newnham College, Cambridge, Nicholas II of Russia, Normative, North British Railway, North Sea, Northampton, Northumberland, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Oxford Movement, Oxford Union, Parish, Parochial school, Peel tower, Perpetual curate, Peterborough Cathedral, Political history, Pope, Pope Alexander VI, Pope Julius II, Pope Sixtus IV, Postmaster (disambiguation), Primary source, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Province of Canterbury, Province of York, Quarry, Quarterly Review, Queen Victoria, Rail transport, Randall Davidson, Rates (tax), Reader (academic rank), Rede Lecture, Regius Professor of History (Oxford), Relativism, Ritualism in the Church of England, Robert Browning, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Robert John Weston Evans, Romanes Lecture, Rural Dean, Sack of Rome (1527), Samuel Butler (novelist), Sandringham House, Sanitation, School boards in England and Wales, Sheldonian Theatre, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, St Paul's Cathedral, Sydenham, Temperance movement in the United Kingdom, The English Historical Review, The Renaissance, Thomas Arnold, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Humphry Ward, Translation (ecclesiastical), Trinity College, Dublin, Tripos, Tutor, United Kingdom, University don, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Valentine's Day, Vicar (Anglicanism), Victorian era, Walter Pater, Westminster Abbey, Whinstone, William Ewart Gladstone, William Magee (archbishop of York), William Morris, William Robertson Smith, William Stubbs, Windsor Castle, Women's suffrage, Worcester, Worcester Cathedral, Working class. Expand index (167 more) » « Shrink index
An academic or scholarly journal is a peer-reviewed or refereed periodical in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
Advowson (or "patronage") is the right in English law of a patron (avowee) to present to the diocesan bishop (or in some cases the ordinary if not the same person) a nominee for appointment to a vacant ecclesiastical benefice or church living, a process known as presentation (jus praesentandi, Latin: "the right of presenting").
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Aestheticism (also the Aesthetic Movement) is an art movement supporting the emphasis of aesthetic values more than social-political themes for literature, fine art, music and other arts.
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Alfred Marshall (26 July 1842 – 13 July 1924) was one of the most influential economists of his time.
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson, FRS (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.
Algernon Charles Swinburne (5 April 1837 – 10 April 1909) was an English poet, playwright, novelist, and critic.
Alma mater (Latin: "nourishing/kind", "mother"; pl.) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college.
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Alnwick is a market town in north Northumberland, England.
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Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.
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The terms Anglo-Catholicism, Anglican Catholicism and Catholic Anglicanism refer to people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise the Catholic heritage and identity of the various Anglican churches.
The Anglo-Scottish border or English-Scottish border known locally as simply The Border) is the official border and mark of entry between Scotland and England. It runs for 96 miles (154 km) between Marshall Meadows Bay on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west. It is Scotland's only land border. England shares a longer border with Wales. Although it had long been the de facto border, it was legally established in 1237, by the Treaty of York between England and Scotland, with the exception of the Debatable Lands, north of Carlisle, and a small area around Berwick, which was taken by England in 1482. It is thus one of the oldest extant borders in the world, although Berwick was not fully annexed into England until 1885. For centuries until the Union of the Crowns the region on either side of the boundary was a lawless territory suffering from the repeated raids in each direction of the Border Reivers. Following the Treaty of Union 1707 which united Scotland and England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the Border continues to form the boundary of two distinct legal jurisdictions as the treaty between the two countries guaranteed the continued separation of English law and Scots law. The age of legal capacity under Scots law is 16, while it was previously 18 under English law. The border settlements of Gretna Green, Coldstream and Lamberton were convenient for elopers from England who wanted to marry under Scottish laws, and marry without publicity. The marine boundary was adjusted by the Scottish Adjacent Waters Boundaries Order 1999 so that the boundary within the territorial waters (up to the limit) is 0.09 km north of the boundary for oil installations established by the Civil Jurisdiction (Offshore Activities) Order 1987. The border is marked by signposts welcoming travellers both into Scotland and into England.
Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.
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The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby. He is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", in the year 597. On 9 November 2012 it was officially announced that Welby, then the Bishop of Durham, had been appointed to succeed Rowan Williams as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury. His enthronement took place in Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. From the time of Augustine until the 16th century, the Archbishops of Canterbury were in full communion with the See of Rome and thus usually received the pallium. During the English Reformation the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily under Henry VIII and Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I. In the Middle Ages there was considerable variation in the methods of nomination of the Archbishop of Canterbury and other bishops. At various times the choice was made by the canons of Canterbury Cathedral, the Pope, or the King of England. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has been more explicitly a state church and the choice is legally that of the Crown; today it is made by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister, who receives a shortlist of two names from an "ad hoc" committee called the Crown Nominations Commission.
Arthur Foley Winnington-Ingram (26 January 1858 – 26 May 1946) was Bishop of London from 1901 to 1939.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Balliol College, founded in 1263,: Graduate Studies Prospectus - Last updated 17 Sep 08 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Martha Beatrice Webb, Lady Passfield (née Potter; 22 January 1858 – 30 April 1943), was an English sociologist, economist, socialist, labour historian and social reformer.
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Benjamin Jowett (15 April 1817 – 1 October 1893) was renowned as an influential tutor and administrative reformer in the University of Oxford, a theologian and translator of Plato and Thucydides.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament Greek ἐπίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
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The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Newcastle is the ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese of Newcastle in the Province of York.
The Bishop of Peterborough is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Peterborough in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England.
Boards of Guardians were ad hoc authorities that administered Poor Law in the United Kingdom from 1835 to 1930.
The Book of Common Prayer is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, "Anglican realignment" and other Anglican churches.
The branch theory is a theological hypothesis within Anglicanism, holding that the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Anglican Communion are the three principal branches of the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church.
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Brasenose College (in full: The King's Hall and College of Brasenose, abbreviated BNC) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
The British Museum is a museum dedicated to human history, art, and culture, located in the Bloomsbury area of London.
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The British undergraduate degree classification system is a grading structure for undergraduate degrees (bachelor's degrees and integrated master's degrees) in the United Kingdom.
Broad church is a term referring to latitudinarian churchmanship in the Church of England in particular and Anglicanism in general.
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A cabinet is a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors or drawers for storing miscellaneous items.
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A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανονικός, kanonikós, "relating to a rule", "regular") is a member of certain bodies subject to an ecclesiastical rule.
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Carlisle (or from Cumbric: Caer Luel Cathair Luail) is a city and the county town of Cumbria.
Cathedral schools began in the Early Middle Ages as centers of advanced education, some of them ultimately evolving into medieval universities.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory.
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Church history as an academic discipline studies the history of Christianity and the way the Christian Church has developed since its inception.
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The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Classics (also Classical Studies) is the study of the languages, literature, laws, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and other material culture of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome; especially during Classical Antiquity (ca. BCE 600 – AD 600).
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Clergy are some of the formal leaders within certain religions.
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Consecration is the solemn dedication to a special purpose or service, usually religious.
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The cope (known in Latin as pluviale 'rain coat' or cappa 'cape') is a liturgical vestment, more precisely a long mantle or cloak, open in front and fastened at the breast with a band or clasp.
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The Cornhill Magazine (1860–1975) was a Victorian magazine and literary journal named after Cornhill in London.
Corporal punishment is a form of physical punishment that involves the deliberate infliction of pain in order to punish a person convicted of a crime or as retribution for a perceived offence, including physical chastisement such as spanking, paddling, or caning of minors by parents, guardians, or school or other officials.
The Council of Trent (Concilium Tridentinum), held between 1545 and 1563 in Trento (Trent) and Bologna, northern Italy, was one of the Roman Catholic Church's most important ecumenical councils.
The Creighton Lecture is an annual lecture delivered at King's College, London on a topic in history.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players each on a field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch.
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A crosier (crozier, pastoral staff, paterissa, pósokh) is the stylized staff of office (pastoral staff) carried by high-ranking Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and some Lutheran, United Methodist and Pentecostal prelates.
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A crypt (from Latin crypta "vault") is a stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building.
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Cumberland (locally) is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.
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Cumbria (locally) is a non-metropolitan county in North West England.
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A curate is a person who is invested with the ''care'' or ''cure'' (''cura'') ''of souls'' of a parish.
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A Dame school was an early form of a private elementary school in English-speaking countries.
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Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being.
A diocese, from the Greek term διοίκησις, meaning "administration", is the district under the supervision of a bishop.
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The Diocese of London forms part of the Church of England's Province of Canterbury in England.
The Diocese of York is an administrative division of the Church of England, part of the Province of York.
Diplopia, commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, diagonally (i.e., both vertically and horizontally), or rotationally in relation to each other.
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The Dixie Professorship of Ecclesiastical History is one of the senior professorships in history at the University of Cambridge.
The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, usually known as Durham Cathedral and home of the Shrine of St Cuthbert, is a cathedral in the city of Durham, England, the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Durham.
Durham School is an English independent boarding school for pupils aged between 3 to 18 years.
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Durham (locally) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann) is the capital city of Scotland, located in Lothian on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth.
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Edward Augustus Freeman (2 August 1823 – 16 March 1892) was an English historian, architectural artist, liberal politician during the late-19th-century heyday of William Gladstone, and a one-time candidate for Parliament.
Edward White Benson (14 July 1829 – 11 October 1896) was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1883 until his death.
Prof Edward Caird FRSE LLD DCL DLit (23 March 1835 – 1 November 1908) was a Scottish philosopher.
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Edward Carr Glyn (21 November 1843-14 November 1928) was an Anglican bishop in England the late 19th century and the early 20th century.
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The Edwardian era or Edwardian period in the United Kingdom is the period covering the reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended beyond Edward's death to include the four years leading up to World War I. The death of Queen Victoria in January 1901 and the succession of her son Edward marked the end of the Victorian era.
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The Elementary Education Act 1870, commonly known as Forster's Education Act, set the framework for schooling of all children between the ages of 5 and 13 in England and Wales.
Embleton village in the English county of Northumberland is about half a mile from the bay that carries its name.
Emmanuel College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.
The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak the English language.
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The English Poor Laws were a system of poor relief which existed in England and Wales that developed out of late-medieval and Tudor-era laws being codified in 1587–98.
Ernest Roland Wilberforce (22 January 1840 – 9 September 1907) was an Anglican clergyman and bishop.
Evangelicalism, Evangelical Christianity, or Evangelical Protestantism is a worldwide, transdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity, maintaining that the essence of the gospel consists in the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
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In academia, a fellow is a member of a group of learned people who work together as peers in the pursuit of mutual knowledge or practice.
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Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterised by chronic widespread pain and a heightened and painful response to pressure.
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Field hockey, or simply hockey, is a team sport of the hockey family.
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The term fish processing refers to the processes associated with fish and fish products between the time fish are caught or harvested, and the time the final product is delivered to the customer.
__notoc__ A flyer or flier, also called a circular, handbill or leaflet, is a form of paper advertisement intended for wide distribution and typically posted or distributed in a public place or through the mail.
Francis Parkman, Jr. (September 16, 1823 – November 8, 1893) was an American historian, best known as author of The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life and his monumental seven-volume France and England in North America. These works are still valued as historical sources and as literature.
Frederic William Maitland FBA (28 May 1850 – 19 December 1906) was an English historian and lawyer.
Frederick Temple (30 November 1821 – 23 December 1902) was an English academic, teacher, churchman, and Archbishop of Canterbury, from 1896 until his death.
Fulham Palace in Fulham, London (formerly in Middlesex), England, at one time the main residence of the Bishop of London, is of medieval origin.
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George Edward Bateman Saintsbury (23 October 1845 – 28 January 1933), was an English writer, literary historian, scholar, critic and wine connoisseur.
Sir George Walter Prothero, KBE (October 14, 1848 in Wiltshire - July 10, 1922) was an English historian, writer, and academic, and served as the president of the Royal Historical Society from 1901 to 1905.
The Girls' Friendly Society (also known by their program name GFS Platform, or just GFS) is a philanthropic society that empowers girls and young women, encouraging them to develop their full potential through programs that provide training, confidence building, and other educational opportunities.
Girton College is one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge.
A given name (also known as a personal name, first name, forename, or Christian name) is a part of a person's full nomenclature.
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The haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a salt water fish, found in the North Atlantic Ocean and associated seas.
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Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636.
Head boy and head girl are roles of prominent pupillary responsibility.
Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.
Reverend Henry Melvill Gwatkin (30 July 1844 – 14 November 1916) was an English theologian and church historian.
Henry Scott Holland (27 January 1847 – 17 March 1918) was Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford.
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
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The term "high church" refers to beliefs and practices of ecclesiology, liturgy, and theology, generally with an emphasis on formality and resistance to "modernisation".
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A historian is a person who researches, studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.
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Historiography refers to both the study of the methodology of historians and development of history as a discipline, and also to a body of historical work on a particular subject.
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In the Christian churches, holy orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest or deacon.
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Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is best known as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey.
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Homeschooling, also known as home education, is the education of children inside the home, as opposed to in the formal settings of a public or private school.
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The House of Borgia (Borja; Borja) family became prominent during the Renaissance in Italy.
The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
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Sir Hubert von Herkomer (born as Hubert Herkomer; 26 May 1849 – 31 March 1914) was a British painter of German descent, and also a pioneering film-director and composer.
The Hulsean Lectures were established from an endowment made by John Hulse to Cambridge University in 1777.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus.
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James Russell Lowell (February 22, 1819 – August 12, 1891) was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat.
John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, KCVO, DL (10 January 1834 – 19 June 1902)—known as Sir John Dalberg-Acton, 8th Baronet from 1837 to 1869 and usually referred to simply as Lord Acton—was an English Catholic historian, politician, and writer.
John Harvard (26 November 1607 – 14 September 1638) was an English minister in America, "a godly gentleman and a lover of learning", whose deathbed Conrad Edick Wright, Harvard Magazine.
John Kensit (1853 – 8 October 1902) was an English religious leader and polemicist.
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Sir John Robert Seeley, KCMG (September 10, 1834 in London – January 13, 1895 in Cambridge) was an English essayist and historian.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, also an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
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Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
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King's College London (informally King's or KCL; formerly styled King's College, London) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
A King's Scholar is a foundation scholar (elected on the basis of good academic performance and usually qualifying for reduced fees) of one of certain public schools.
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Lambeth Palace is the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England, in north Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thames, 400 m south-east of the Palace of Westminster which has the Houses of Parliament on the opposite bank.
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There is a wide variety of languages spoken throughout Asia, comprising a number of families and some unrelated isolates.
The history of Latin poetry can be understood as the adaptation of Greek models.
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Leicester (but often locally) is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
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Literae Humaniores is the name given to an undergraduate course focused on Classics (Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Latin, ancient Greek and philosophy) at the University of Oxford and some other universities.
Local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
A lockout is a temporary work stoppage or denial of employment initiated by the management of a company during a labor dispute.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
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Longman is a publishing company founded in London, England, in 1724 and is owned by Pearson PLC.
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Louise Hume Creighton, née von Glehn (7 July 1850 – 15 April 1936) was a British author of books on historical and socio-political topics and an activist for greater role of women both within society and within the Church of England.
Low church is a term of distinction in the Church of England or other Anglican churches initially designed to be pejorative.
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Magnum opus or opus magnum (plural magna opera or opera magna), from the Latin meaning "great work", refers to the largest, and perhaps the best, greatest, most popular, or most renowned achievement of an artist.
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Mary Bateson (12 September 1865, Robin Hood's Bay – 30 November 1906) was a British historian and suffrage activist.
Masterpiece or chef d'œuvre in modern use refers to a creation that has been given much critical praise, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, or workmanship.
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Merton College (in full: The House or College of Scholars of Merton in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
The mitre (Greek: μίτρα, "headband" or "turban"), also spelled miter (see spelling differences), is a type of headgear now known as the traditional, ceremonial head-dress of bishops and certain abbots in the Roman Catholic Church, as well as in the Anglican Communion, some Lutheran churches, and also bishops and certain other clergy in the Eastern Orthodox churches, Eastern Catholic Churches and the Oriental Orthodox Churches.
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Mothers’ Union is an international Christian charity that seeks to support families worldwide.
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Myopia, also known as near-sightedness and short-sightedness, is a condition of the eye where the light that comes in does not directly focus on the retina but in front of it, causing the image that one sees when looking at a distant object to be out of focus, but in focus when looking at a close object.
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The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.
Newcastle upon Tyne (RP:; Locally), commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Newnham College is a women-only constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England.
Nicholas II (r) (– 17 July 1918) was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland.
Normative means relating to an ideal standard or model, or being based on what is considered to be the normal or correct way of doing something.
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The North British Railway was a British railway company, based in Edinburgh.
The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
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Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England.
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Northumberland (RP pronunciation) is a county in North East England.
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Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (March 8, 1841 – March 6, 1935) was an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902 to 1932, and as Acting Chief Justice of the United States January–February 1930.
The Oxford Movement was a movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism.
The Oxford Union Society, commonly referred to simply as the Oxford Union, is a debating society in the city of Oxford, England, whose membership is drawn primarily from the University of Oxford.
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A parish is a church territorial unit constituting a division within a diocese.
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A parochial school is a private primary or secondary school affiliated with a religious organization and whose curriculum includes general religious education in addition to secular subjects, such as science, mathematics and language arts.
Peel towers (also spelt pele) are small fortified keeps or tower houses, built along the English and Scottish borders in the Scottish Marches and North of England, intended as watch towers where signal fires could be lit by the garrison to warn of approaching danger.
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Perpetual Curate was a class of resident parish priest or incumbent curate within the United Church of England and Ireland.
Peterborough Cathedral, properly the Cathedral Church of St Peter, St Paul and St Andrew – also known as Saint Peter's Cathedral in the United Kingdom – is the seat of the Bishop of Peterborough, dedicated to Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Andrew, whose statues look down from the three high gables of the famous West Front.
Political history is the narrative and analysis of political events, ideas, movements, organs of government, voters, parties and leaders.
The Pope (papa; from πάππας pappas, a child's word for father) is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
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Pope Alexander VI, born Roderic Llançol i de Borja (Rodrigo Lanzol y de Borja; 1 January 1431 – 18 August 1503), was Pope from 11 August 1492 until his death.
Pope Julius II (Iulius II; 5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513), nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope", born Giuliano della Rovere, was Pope from 1 November 1503 to his death in 1513.
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Pope Sixtus IV (Xystus IV; 21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484.
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A postmaster is the head of an individual post office.
Primary sources are original materials that have not been altered or distorted in any way.
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Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
The Province of Canterbury, or less formally the Southern Province, is one of two ecclesiastical provinces which constitute the Church of England.
The Province of York is one of two ecclesiastical provinces making up the Church of England and consists of 12 dioceses which cover the northern third of England and the Isle of Man.
A quarry is a place from which dimension stone, rock, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, gravel, or slate has been excavated from the ground.
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The Quarterly Review was a literary and political periodical founded in March 1809 by the well known London publishing house John Murray.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
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Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails.
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Randall Thomas Davidson, 1st Baron Davidson of Lambeth (7 April 1848 – 25 May 1930) was an Anglican bishop of Scottish origin who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1903 to 1928.
Rates are a type of property tax system in the United Kingdom, and in places with systems deriving from the British one, the proceeds of which are used to fund local government.
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The title of reader in the United Kingdom and some universities in the Commonwealth of Nations, for example India, Australia and New Zealand, denotes an appointment for a senior academic with a distinguished international reputation in research or scholarship.
The Sir Robert Rede's Lecturer is an annual appointment to give a public lecture, the Sir Robert Rede's Lecture (usually Rede Lecture) at the University of Cambridge.
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The Regius Professor of History at the University of Oxford is a long-established professorial position.
Relativism is the concept that points of view have no absolute truth or validity, having only relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration.
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Ritualism, in the history of Christianity, refers to an emphasis on the rituals and liturgical ceremony of the church, in particular of Holy Communion.
Robert Browning (7 May 1812 – 12 December 1889) was an English poet and playwright whose mastery of dramatic verse, and in particular the dramatic monologue, made him one of the foremost Victorian poets.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, (3 February 1830 – 22 August 1903), styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British Conservative statesman and thrice Prime Minister, serving for a total of over 13 years.
Robert John Weston Evans FLSW FBA (born 1943) is a historian, whose speciality is the post-medieval history of Central and Eastern Europe.
The Romanes Lecture is a prestigious free public lecture given annually at the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, England.
In the Anglican Communion and the Roman Catholic Church, a rural dean is a member of clergy who presides over a "rural deanery" (often referred to as a deanery).
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The Sack of Rome on 6 May 1527 was a military event carried out by the mutinous troops of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in Rome, then part of the Papal States.
Samuel Butler (4 December 1835 – 18 June 1902) was an iconoclastic Victorian-era English author who published a variety of works.
Sandringham House is a Grade II* listed country house on of land near the village of Sandringham in Norfolk, England.
Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater.
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School boards were public bodies in England and Wales between 1870 and 1902, which established and administered elementary schools.
The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford.
St George's Chapel is the place of worship at Windsor Castle in England, United Kingdom.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church church of the Diocese of London.
Sydenham is a suburban district of south London in the London Boroughs of Lewisham, Bromley and Southwark.
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The Temperance movement in the United Kingdom originated as a mass movement in the 19th century.
The English Historical Review is an academic journal established in 1886 and published by Oxford University Press.
The Renaissance is a period in Europe, from the 14th to the 17th century, considered the bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history.
Thomas Arnold (13 June 1795 – 12 June 1842) was an English educator and historian.
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Thomas Carlyle (4 December 1795 – 5 February 1881) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher.
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(Thomas) Humphry Ward (9 November 1845 – 6 May 1926) was an English author and journalist, most notable as the husband of the author Mary Augusta Ward, who wrote under the name Mrs. Humphry Ward.
Translation is the technical term when a bishop is transferred from one episcopal see to another.
Trinity College (Coláiste na Tríonóide), known in full as the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, is a research university and the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin in Ireland.
At the University of Cambridge, the term Tripos (plural 'Triposes') refers to undergraduate examinations which qualify an undergraduate for a bachelor's degree.
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A tutor is an instructor who gives private lessons.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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A don is a fellow or tutor of a college or university, especially traditional collegiate universities such as Oxford and Cambridge in England, Trinity College, Dublin, in Ireland, and Delhi University in India.
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The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University or simply Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
Valentine's Day, also known as Saint Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is a celebration observed on February 14 each year.
Vicar is the title given to certain parish priests in the Church of England.
The Victorian era of British history (and that of the British Empire) was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901.
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Walter Horatio Pater (4 August 1839 – 30 July 1894) was an English essayist, literary and art critic, and writer of fiction.
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Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
Whinstone is a term used in the quarrying industry to describe any hard dark-coloured rock.
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William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898), was a British Liberal politician.
William Connor Magee (17 December 1821–5 May 1891) was an Irish clergyman of the Anglican church, Archbishop of York for a short period in 1891.
William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist.
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William Robertson Smith (8 November 1846 – 31 March 1894) was a Scottish orientalist, Old Testament scholar, professor of divinity, and minister of the Free Church of Scotland.
William Stubbs (21 June 1825 – 22 April 1901) was an English historian and Bishop of Oxford.
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Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
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Women's suffrage(also known as woman suffrage or woman's right to vote) is the right of women to vote and to stand for electoral office.
Worcester is a city and the county town of Worcestershire in the West Midlands of England.
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Worcester Cathedral, before the English Reformation known as Worcester Priory, is an Anglican cathedral in Worcester, England; situated on a bank overlooking the River Severn.
The working class (also labouring class and proletariat) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and in skilled, industrial work.
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