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Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" in Psychological Review. [1]

53 relations: Abraham Maslow, Albert Einstein, Attachment theory, Belongingness, Child abuse, Collectivism, Depression (mood), Developmental psychology, Domestic violence, Eleanor Roosevelt, Energy hierarchy, Engel's law, ERG theory, Frederick Douglass, Fundamental human needs, Geert Hofstede, Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, Higher education, Hospitalism, Individualism, Inferiority complex, Jane Addams, Job security, John Bowlby, John Curtis Gowan, Juan Antonio Pérez López, Major depressive disorder, Manfred Max Neef, Maternal deprivation, Mental disorder, Metabolism, Metamotivation, Motivation and Personality (book), Murray's system of needs, Need, Need theory, Neglect, Neurosis, Ostracism, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Psychological Review, Psychology, Secondary education, Self-actualization, Self-confidence, Self-esteem, Sexual selection, Shunning, Social anxiety, Sociology, ..., Transgenerational trauma, Weather, World War II. Expand index (3 more) »

Abraham Maslow

Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.

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Attachment theory

Attachment theory is a psychological model that attempts to describe the dynamics of long-term interpersonal relationships between humans.

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Belongingness

Belongingness is the human emotional need to be an accepted member of a group.

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Child abuse

Child abuse is the physical, sexual or emotional maltreatment or neglect of a child or children.

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Collectivism

Collectivism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the significance of groups—their identities, goals, rights, outcomes, etc.—and tends to analyze issues in those terms.

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Depression (mood)

Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being.

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Developmental psychology

Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life.

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Domestic violence

Domestic violence (also domestic abuse, spousal abuse, intimate partner violence, battering or family violence) is a pattern of behavior which involves violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation.

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Eleanor Roosevelt

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American politician, diplomat, and activist.

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Energy hierarchy

The Energy Hierarchy is a classification of energy options, prioritised to assist progress towards a more sustainable energy system.

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Engel's law

Engel's law is an observation in economics stating that as income rises, the proportion of income spent on food falls, even if actual expenditure on food rises.

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ERG theory

ERG theory is a theory in psychology proposed by Clayton Alderfer.

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Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c. February 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman.

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Fundamental human needs

Human Needs and Human-scale Development, developed by Manfred Max-Neef and others (Antonio Elizalde and Martin Hopenhayn), are seen as ontological (stemming from the condition of being human), are few, finite and classifiable (as distinct from the conventional notion of conventional economic "wants" that are infinite and insatiable).

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Geert Hofstede

Gerard Hendrik (Geert) Hofstede (born 2 October 1928 in Haarlem) is a Dutch social psychologist, former IBM employee, and Professor Emeritus of Organizational Anthropology and International Management at Maastricht University in the Netherlands, well known for his pioneering research on cross-cultural groups and organizations.

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Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft

Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft (generally translated as "community and society") are categories which were used by the German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies in order to categorize social ties into two dichotomous sociological types which define each other.

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Higher education

Higher education, post-secondary education, tertiary education or third level education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.

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Hospitalism

Hospitalism (or anaclitic depression in its sublethal form) was a pediatric diagnosis used in the 1930s to describe infants who wasted away while in hospital.

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Individualism

Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.

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Inferiority complex

An inferiority complex is a lack of self-worth, a doubt and uncertainty, and feelings of not measuring up to standards.

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Jane Addams

Jane Addams (September 6, 1860 – May 21, 1935) was a pioneer American settlement social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.

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Job security

Job security is the probability that an individual will keep his or her job; a job with a high level of job security is such that a person with the job would have a small chance of becoming unemployed.

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John Bowlby

Edward John Mostyn Bowlby (26 February 1907 – 2 September 1990) was a British psychologist, psychiatrist, and psychoanalyst, notable for his interest in child development and for his pioneering work in attachment theory.

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John Curtis Gowan

John Curtis Gowan (May 21, 1912 – December 2, 1986) was a psychologist who studied, along with E. Paul Torrance, the development of creative capabilities in children and gifted populations.

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Juan Antonio Pérez López

Juan Antonio Pérez López (1934–1996) was a Spanish business theorist.

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Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder (MDD) (also known as clinical depression, major depression, unipolar depression, or unipolar disorder; or as recurrent depression in the case of repeated episodes) is a mental disorder characterized by a pervasive and persistent low mood that is accompanied by low self-esteem and by a loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities.

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Manfred Max Neef

Artur Manfred Max Neef (born 26 October 1932) is a Chilean economist.

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Maternal deprivation

The term maternal deprivation is a catch-phrase summarising the early work of psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, John Bowlby on the effects of separating infants and young children from their mother (or mother substitute)Holmes J. p. 221 although the effect of loss of the mother on the developing child had been considered earlier by Freud and other theorists.

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Mental disorder

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness, psychological disorder or psychiatric disorder, is mental or behavioral pattern that causes either suffering or a poor ability to function in ordinary life.

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Metabolism

Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms.

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Metamotivation

Metamotivation is a term coined by Abraham Maslow to describe the motivation of people who are self-actualized and striving beyond the scope of their basic needs to reach their full potential.

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Motivation and Personality (book)

Motivation and Personality is a book on psychology by Dr.

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Murray's system of needs

In 1938 Henry Murray published Explorations in Personality, his system describing personality in terms of needs.

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Need

A need is a thing that is necessary for an organism to live a healthy life.

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Need theory

Need theory, also known as Three Needs Theory,.

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Neglect

Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which a perpetrator is responsible to provide care for a victim who is unable to care for himself or herself, but fails to provide adequate care.

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Neurosis

Neurosis is a class of functional mental disorders involving distress but neither delusions nor hallucinations.

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Ostracism

Ostracism (ὀστρακισμός, ostrakismos) was a procedure under the Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years.

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Posttraumatic stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorderAcceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.

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Psychological Review

Psychological Review is a scientific journal that publishes articles on psychological theory.

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Psychology

Psychology is the study of mind and behavior.

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Secondary education

Secondary education normally takes place in secondary schools, taking place after primary education and may be followed by higher education or vocational training.

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Self-actualization

Self-actualization is a term that has been used in various psychology theories, often in slightly different ways.

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Self-confidence

The socio-psychological concept of self-confidence relates to self-assurance in one's personal judgment, ability, power, etc.

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Self-esteem

In sociology and psychology, self-esteem reflects a person's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.

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Sexual selection

Sexual selection is a mode of natural selection where typically members of one gender choose mates of the other gender to mate with, called intersexual selection, and where females normally do the choosing, and competition between members of the same gender to sexually reproduce with members of the opposite sex, called intrasexual selection.

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Shunning

Shunning can be the act of social rejection, or emotional distance.

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Social anxiety

This article is about an emotion, for the disorder, see Social anxiety disorder. Social anxiety is a specific form of anxiety.

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Sociology

Sociology is the scientific study of social behavior, including its origins, development, organization, and institutions.

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Transgenerational trauma

Transgenerational trauma is trauma that is transferred from the first generation of trauma survivors to the second and further generations of offspring of the survivors via complex post-traumatic stress disorder mechanisms.

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Weather

Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslow's_hierarchy_of_needs

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