49 relations: Abortifacient, Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Adenosine monophosphate, Adverse drug reaction, Allopurinol, Azathioprine, Bone marrow, Bone marrow suppression, Breathing, Chromosome, Crohn's disease, Cytotoxicity, Dizziness, DNA, Fever, Genetic testing, Genetic variation, Guanine, Human feces, Hypoxanthine, Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase, Immunization, Immunosuppressive drug, Inosinic acid, Itch, Kidney, Melena, Methotrexate, Methylation, Nucleotide, Pancreatitis, Pharmacogenetics, Poliomyelitis, Purine, Rash, Red blood cell, RNA, Sore throat, Swelling (medical), Thiopurine, Thiopurine methyltransferase, Ulcerative colitis, Urine, Vaccination, Vacuum aspiration, White blood cell, Xanthine oxidase, Xanthosine monophosphate, Zygosity.
An abortifacient ("that which will cause a miscarriage" from Latin: abortus "miscarriage" and faciens "making") is a substance that induces abortion.
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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, also known as acute lymphocytic leukemia or acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), is an acute form of leukemia, or cancer of the white blood cells, characterized by the overproduction and accumulation of cancerous, immature white blood cells, known as lymphoblasts.
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP), also known as 5'-adenylic acid, is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA.
An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is an injury caused by taking a medication.
Allopurinol, sold under the brand name Zyloprim and generics, is a medication used primarily to treat excess uric acid in the blood and its complications, including chronic gout.
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Azathioprine (INN,, abbreviated AZA) is an immunosuppressive drug used in organ transplantation and autoimmune diseases and belongs to the chemical class of purine analogues.
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Bone marrow is the flexible tissue in the interior of bones.
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Bone marrow suppression or myelotoxicity (adjective myelotoxic) or myelosuppression is the decrease in production of cells responsible for providing immunity (leukocytes), carrying oxygen (erythrocytes), and/or those responsible for normal blood clotting (thrombocytes).
Breathing is the process that moves air in and out of the lungs, or oxygen through other respiratory organs such as gills.
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A chromosome (''chromo-'' + ''-some'') is a packaged and organized structure containing most of the DNA of a living organism.
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Crohn's disease, also known as Crohn syndrome and regional enteritis, is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.
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Cytotoxicity is the quality of being toxic to cells.
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Dizziness is an impairment in spatial perception and stability.
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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in the development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
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Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
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Genetic testing, also known as DNA testing, allows the genetic diagnosis of vulnerabilities to inherited diseases, and can also be used to determine a child's parentage (genetic mother and father) or in general a person's ancestry or biological relationship between people.
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Genetic variation is a fact that a biological system – individual and population – is different over space.
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Guanine (G, Gua) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
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Human feces (or faeces in British English; fæx) are the feces (solid waste products) of the human digestive system, including bacteria.
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Hypoxanthine is a naturally occurring purine derivative.
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Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT) is an enzyme encoded in humans by the HPRT1 gene.
Immunization, or immunisation, is the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the immunogen).
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Immunosuppressive drugs or immunosuppressive agents or antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system.
Inosinic acid or inosine monophosphate (IMP) is a nucleoside monophosphate.
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Itch (Latin: pruritus) is a sensation that causes the desire or reflex to scratch.
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The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates.
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In medicine, melena or melæna refers to the black "tarry" feces that are associated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
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Methotrexate (INN, AAN, BAN and USAN), abbreviated MTX and formerly known as amethopterin, is an antimetabolite and antifolate drug.
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In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group to a substrate or the substitution of an atom or group by a methyl group.
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Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA.
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Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas.
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Pharmacogenetics is the study of inherited genetic differences in drug metabolic pathways which can affect individual responses to drugs, both in terms of therapeutic effect as well as adverse effects.
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Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.
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A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound.
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A rash is a change of the skin which affects its color, appearance, or texture.
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Red blood cells (RBCs), also called erythrocytes, are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate organism's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
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Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule implicated in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
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A sore throat (or throat pain) is pain or irritation of the throat.
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In medical parlance, swelling, turgescence or tumefaction is a transient abnormal enlargement of a body part or area not caused by proliferation of cells.
The thiopurine drugs are purine antimetabolites widely used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, autoimmune disorders (e.g., Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis), and organ transplant recipients.
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Thiopurine methyltransferase or thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the TPMT gene.
Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers in the colon.
Urine (from Latin Urina, ae, f.) is a liquid by-product of the body secreted by the kidneys through a process called urination (or micturition) and excreted through the urethra.
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Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.
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Vacuum or suction aspiration uses aspiration to remove uterine contents through the cervix.
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White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
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Xanthine oxidase (XO, sometimes 'XAO') is a form of xanthine oxidoreductase, a type of enzyme that generates reactive oxygen species.
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Xanthosine monophosphate is an intermediate in purine metabolism.
Zygosity is the degree of similarity of the alleles for a trait in an organism.
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