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Mergers and acquisitions

Mergers and acquisitions are both aspects of strategic management, corporate finance and management dealing with the buying, selling, dividing and combining of different companies and similar entities that can help an enterprise grow rapidly in its sector or location of origin, or a new field or new location, without creating a subsidiary, other child entity or using a joint venture. [1]

159 relations: Accounting, Addyston Pipe & Steel Co. v. United States, AirTouch, American Chicle Company, Ameritech, Amoco, Anheuser-Busch, AOL, AT&T, AT&T Broadband, Audit, Automotive industry, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Bank, Bank One Corporation, Bargaining, BellSouth, Berkshire Hathaway, Board of directors, BP, Brand architecture, Brand awareness, British Journal of Management, Brokerage firm, Bucyrus-Erie, Cartel, Caterpillar Inc., Chief executive officer, Citigroup, Comcast, Company, Comparable transactions, Competition regulator, Concur Technologies, Condition, Consolidation (business), Continental Airlines, Control (management), Control premium, Corporate spin-off, Covenant (law), Cross-selling, Customer satisfaction, Demerger, Deutsche Telekom, Discounted cash flow, Divestment, Due diligence, DuPont, East India Company, ..., Economies of scale, Economies of scope, Empire-building, Euphemism, Exchange rate, Externality, Exxon, Facebook, Factoring (finance), Fairness opinion, General Electric, GlaxoSmithKline, Globalization, Going concern, Google, Gross domestic product, GTE, Hein Schreuder, Heinz, Horizontal integration, Hudson's Bay Company, InBev, Information asymmetry, Initial public offering, Intellectual property, Internal Revenue Code, International Paper, John Wiley & Sons, Johnson & Johnson, Joint venture, JPMorgan Chase, Lehman Brothers, Letter of intent, List of bank mergers in the United States, Lubrizol, Management, Management due diligence, Managerial hubris, Mannesmann, Market share, Material adverse change, McGraw-Hill Education, MCI Communications, MCI Inc., Merger control, Merger simulation, Mergers and acquisitions, Mergers and acquisitions in United Kingdom law, MetroPCS, Microsoft, Mobil, Money market fund, Monopoly, Motorola Mobility, Nokia, Nortel, North West Company, Panic of 1893, Patent, Paul Graham (computer programmer), Perverse incentive, Pfizer, Pharmacia, Post-merger integration, Price fixing, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Privately held company, Qwest, Recruitment, Relative valuation, Restructuring, Revenue, Reverse takeover, Royal Dutch Shell, SAP SE, Second request, Shakeout, Shell corporation, Sherman Antitrust Act, Skype, SoftBank, Sprint Corporation, Stock exchange, Strategic management, Swap ratio, Synergy, Synthes, Sytse Douma, Takeover, Tax, Time Warner, Transformational Acquisition, Trust (business), Twitter, Types of business entity, U.S. Steel, United Airlines, United States dollar, US West, Valuation (finance), Venture capital, Verizon Communications, Vertical integration, Vodafone, Warner–Lambert, WhatsApp, Wyeth, Yahoo!, YRC Worldwide. Expand index (109 more) »

Accounting

Accounting or Accountancy is the measurement, processing and communication of financial information about economic entities.

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Addyston Pipe & Steel Co. v. United States

Addyston Pipe and Steel Co.

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AirTouch

AirTouch Communications was a U.S.-based wireless telephone service provider, created as a spin-off on Pacific Telesis on April 1, 1994.

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American Chicle Company

The American Chicle Company was a chewing gum trust founded by Edward E. Beeman and Jonathan Primle.

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Ameritech

AT&T Teleholdings, Inc., formerly known as Ameritech Corporation (and before that American Information Technologies Corporation), was a U.S. telecommunications company that arose out of the 1984 AT&T divestiture.

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Amoco

Amoco Corporation, originally Standard Oil Company (Indiana), was a global chemical and oil company that was founded in 1889 around a refinery located in Whiting, Indiana, United States.

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Anheuser-Busch

Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. is a brewing company founded and based in Saint Louis, Missouri.

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AOL

AOL Inc. (previously known as America Online, written as AOL and styled as Aol.) is an American multinational mass media corporation based in New York City that develops, grows, and invests in brands and web sites.

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AT&T

AT&T Inc. is an American multinational telecommunications corporation, headquartered at Whitacre Tower in downtown Dallas, Texas.

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AT&T Broadband

AT&T Broadband is the name of AT&T's cable operations, which were composed of the assets of TCI and MediaOne, Prime Cable, as well as two Comcast cable systems (Sacramento, California and northern DeKalb County, Georgia) AT&T acquired later in a system swap.

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Audit

Auditing refers to a systematic and independent examination of books, accounts, documents and vouchers of an organization to ascertain how far the financial statements present a true and fair view of the concern.

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Automotive industry

The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles.

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Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena

Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena S.p.A. (BMPS) is the oldest surviving bank in the world and Italy's third largest bank.

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Bank

A bank is a financial intermediary that creates credit by lending money to a borrower, thereby creating a corresponding deposit on the bank's balance sheet.

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Bank One Corporation

Bank One Corporation was the sixth-largest bank in the United States.

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Bargaining

Bargaining or haggling is a type of negotiation in which the buyer and seller of a good or service debate the price and exact nature of a transaction.

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BellSouth

BellSouth Corporation is an American telecommunications holding company based in Atlanta, Georgia.

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Berkshire Hathaway

Berkshire Hathaway Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, United States.

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Board of directors

A board of directors is a body of elected or appointed members who jointly oversee the activities of a company or organization.

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BP

BP plc, also referred to by its former name British Petroleum, is one of the world's six "supermajor" oil and gas companies.

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Brand architecture

Brand architecture is the structure of brands within an organizational entity.

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Brand awareness

Brand awareness is the extent to which a brand is recognized by potential customers, and is correctly associated with a particular product.

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British Journal of Management

The British Journal of Management is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal, which was established by David T. Otley in 1990, and is published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the British Academy of Management.

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Brokerage firm

A brokerage firm, or simply brokerage, is a financial institution that facilitates the buying and selling of financial securities between a buyer and a seller.

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Bucyrus-Erie

Bucyrus-Erie is an American surface and underground mining equipment company.

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Cartel

In economics, a cartel is an agreement between competing firms to control prices or exclude entry of a new competitor in a market.

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Caterpillar Inc.

Caterpillar Inc., is an American corporation which designs, manufactures, markets and sells machinery, engines, financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.

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Chief executive officer

A chief executive officer (CEO in American English) or managing director (MD in British English) describes the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, or administrator in charge of managing a non-profit or for-profit organization.

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Citigroup

Citigroup Inc. or Citi is an American multinational banking and financial services corporation headquartered in Manhattan, New York City.

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Comcast

Comcast Corporation, formerly registered as Comcast Holdings,Before the AT&T merger in 2001, the parent company was Comcast Holdings Corporation.

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Company

A company is an association or collection of individuals, whether natural persons, legal persons, or a mixture of both.

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Comparable transactions

Comparable transactions is one of the conventional methods to value a company for sale.

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Competition regulator

A competition regulator is a government agency, typically a statutory authority, sometimes called an economic regulator, which regulates and enforces competition laws, and may sometimes also enforce consumer protection laws.

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Concur Technologies

Concur Technologies is an American travel management company, providing travel and expense management services to businesses.

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Condition

Condition or conditions may refer to.

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Consolidation (business)

In business, consolidation or amalgamation is the merger and acquisition of many smaller companies into much larger ones.

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Continental Airlines

Continental Airlines was a major U.S. airline, founded in 1934 and eventually headquartered in Houston, Texas.

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Control (management)

Control, or controlling, is one of the managerial functions like planning, organizing, staffing and directing.

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Control premium

A control premium is an amount that a buyer is usually willing to pay over the current market price of a publicly traded company in order to acquire a controlling share in that company.

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Corporate spin-off

A corporate spin-off, also known as a spin-out or a starburst, refers to a type of corporate action where a company "splits off" sections as a separate business.

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Covenant (law)

A covenant, in its most general sense and historical sense, is a solemn promise to engage in or refrain from a specified action.

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Cross-selling

Cross-selling is the action or practice of selling an additional product or service to an existing customer.

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Customer satisfaction

Customer satisfaction is a term frequently used in marketing.

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Demerger

A demerger is a form of corporate restructuring in which the entity's business operations are segregated into one or more components.

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Deutsche Telekom

Deutsche Telekom AG (abbreviated DT, German Telecom) is a German telecommunications company headquartered in Bonn.

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Discounted cash flow

In finance, discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis is a method of valuing a project, company, or asset using the concepts of the time value of money.

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Divestment

In finance and economics, divestment or divestiture is the reduction of some kind of asset for financial, ethical, or political objectives or sale of an existing business by a firm.

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Due diligence

Due diligence is an investigation of a business or person prior to signing a contract, or an act with a certain standard of care.

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DuPont

E.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

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Economies of scale

In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to size, output, or scale of operation, with cost per unit of output generally decreasing with increasing scale as fixed costs are spread out over more units of output.

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Economies of scope

Economies of scope are "efficiencies wrought by variety, not volume" (the latter concept is "economies of scale").

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Empire-building

In political science, empire-building refers to the tendency of countries and nations to acquire resources, land, and economic influence outside of their borders in order to expand their size, power, and wealth.

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Euphemism

A euphemism is a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant.

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Exchange rate

In finance, an exchange rate (also known as a foreign-exchange rate, forex rate, FX rate or Agio) between two currencies is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged for another.

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Externality

In economics, an externality is the cost or benefit that affects a party who did not choose to incur that cost or benefit.

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Exxon

Exxon is a brand of motor fuel and related products by ExxonMobil.

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Facebook

Facebook is an online social networking service headquartered in Menlo Park, California.

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Factoring (finance)

Factoring is a financial transaction and a type of debtor finance in which a business sells its accounts receivable (i.e., invoices) to a third party (called a factor) at a discount.

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Fairness opinion

A fairness opinion is a professional evaluation by an investment bank or other third party as to whether the terms of a merger, acquisition, buyback, spin-off, or privatization are fair.

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General Electric

General Electric (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate corporation incorporated in New York.

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GlaxoSmithKline

GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) is a British multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Brentford, London.

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Globalization

Globalization (or globalisation) is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture.

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Going concern

A going concern is a business that functions without the threat of liquidation for the foreseeable future, usually regarded as at least within 12 months.

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Google

Google Inc. is an American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products.

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Gross domestic product

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.

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GTE

GTE Corporation, formerly General Telephone & Electric Corporation (1955-1982) was the largest independent telephone company in the United States during the days of the Bell System.

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Hein Schreuder

Hein Schreuder (born Dec. 24, 1951) is a Dutch economist and business executive, former Executive Vice-President Corporate Strategy & Acquisitions at DSM and former Professor at the University of Maastricht.

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Heinz

The H. J. Heinz Company, or Heinz, is an American food processing company with world headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Horizontal integration

In business, horizontal integration is a strategy where a company creates or acquires production units for outputs which are alike - either complementary or competitive.

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Hudson's Bay Company

The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson), commonly referred to as "The Bay" ("La Baie" in French), is a Canadian retail business group.

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InBev

InBev was a brewing company that resulted from the merger between Belgium-based company Interbrew and Brazilian brewer AmBev that occurred in 2004.

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Information asymmetry

In contract theory and economics, information asymmetry deals with the study of decisions in transactions where one party has more or better information than the other.

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Initial public offering

Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of stock in a company usually are sold to institutional investors that in turn, sell to the general public, on a securities exchange, for the first time.

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Intellectual property

Intellectual property (IP) is a term referring to creations of the intellect for which a monopoly is assigned to designated owners by law.

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Internal Revenue Code

The Internal Revenue Code (IRC), formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, is the domestic portion of federal statutory tax law in the United States, published in various volumes of the United States Statutes at Large, and separately as Title 26 of the United States Code (USC).

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International Paper

International Paper Company is an American pulp and paper company, the largest such company in the world.

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John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing and markets its products to professionals and consumers, students and instructors in higher education, and researchers and practitioners in scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly fields.

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Johnson & Johnson

Johnson & Johnson is an American multinational medical devices, pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods manufacturer founded in 1886.

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Joint venture

A joint venture (JV) is a business agreement in which the parties agree to develop, for a finite time, a new entity and new assets by contributing equity.

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JPMorgan Chase

JPMorgan Chase & Co. is an American multinational banking and financial services holding company headquartered in New York City.

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Lehman Brothers

Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker symbol LEH) was a global financial services firm.

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Letter of intent

A letter of intent (LOI or LoI, and sometimes capitalized as Letter of Intent in legal writing, but only when referring to a specific document under discussion) is a document outlining one or more agreements between two or more parties before the agreements are finalized.

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List of bank mergers in the United States

This is a partial list of major banking company mergers, since 1920, in the United States.

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Lubrizol

The Lubrizol Corporation is a provider of specialty chemicals for the transportation, industrial, and consumer markets.

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Management

Management in businesses and organizations is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives by using available resources efficiently and effectively.

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Management due diligence

Management due diligence is the process of appraising a company's senior management team(s) with the intention of evaluating each individual's effectiveness regarding an organization's strategic objectives.

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Managerial hubris

Managerial hubris is the unrealistic belief held by managers in bidding firms that they can manage the assets of a target firm more efficiently than the target firm's current management.

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Mannesmann

Mannesmann AG was a German corporation with headquarters in Düsseldorf.

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Market share

"Market share is the percentage of a market (defined in terms of either units or revenue) accounted for by a specific entity." In a survey of nearly 200 senior marketing managers, 67% responded that they found the "dollar market share" metric very useful, while 61% found "unit market share" very useful.

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Material adverse change

A material adverse change (also called a MAC) - also formulated as an Material adverse event or Material adverse effect (either, a MAE) - contingency is a legal provision often found in mergers and acquisitions contracts and venture financing agreements that enables the acquirer (or funder) to refuse to complete the acquisition or merger or financing with the party being acquired (often termed, the "target") if the target suffers such a change.

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McGraw-Hill Education

McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.

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MCI Communications

MCI Communications Corp. was an American telecommunications company that was instrumental in legal and regulatory changes that led to the breakup of the AT&T monopoly of American telephony and ushered in the competitive long-distance telephone industry.

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MCI Inc.

MCI, Inc. (d/b/a Verizon Business) was an American telecommunication corporation, currently a subsidiary of Verizon Communications, with its main office in Ashburn, Virginia.

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Merger control

Merger control refers to the procedure of reviewing mergers and acquisitions under antitrust / competition law.

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Merger simulation

Merger simulation is a commonly used technique when analyzing potential welfare costs and benefits of mergers between firms.

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Mergers and acquisitions

Mergers and acquisitions are both aspects of strategic management, corporate finance and management dealing with the buying, selling, dividing and combining of different companies and similar entities that can help an enterprise grow rapidly in its sector or location of origin, or a new field or new location, without creating a subsidiary, other child entity or using a joint venture.

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Mergers and acquisitions in United Kingdom law

Mergers and acquisitions in United Kingdom law refers to a body of law that covers companies, labour, and competition, which is engaged when firms restructure their affairs in the course of business.

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MetroPCS

MetroPCS is a prepaid wireless service in the United States that partnered with T-Mobile.

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Microsoft

Microsoft Corporation (commonly referred to as Microsoft) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Redmond, Washington, that develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers and services.

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Mobil

Mobil, previously known as the Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, is a major Anglo-American oil company which merged with Exxon in 1999 to form a parent company called ExxonMobil. Today Mobil continues as a major brand name within the combined company, as well as still being a gas station sometimes paired with their own store or On the Run.

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Money market fund

A money market fund (also called a money market mutual fund) is an open-ended mutual fund that invests in short-term debt securities such as US Treasury bills and commercial paper.

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Monopoly

A monopoly (from Greek monos μόνος (alone or single) + polein πωλεῖν (to sell)) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity (this contrasts with a monopsony which relates to a single entity's control of a market to purchase a good or service, and with oligopoly which consists of a few entities dominating an industry).

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Motorola Mobility

Motorola Mobility is an American mobile device computer technology company, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, United States.

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Nokia

Nokia Corporation (Nokia Oyj) is a Finnish multinational communications and information technology company.

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Nortel

Nortel Networks Corporation, formerly known as Northern Telecom Limited, Northern Electric and sometimes known simply as Nortel, was a multinational telecommunications and data networking equipment manufacturer headquartered in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.

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North West Company

The North West Company was a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal from 1779 to 1821.

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Panic of 1893

The panic of 1893 was a serious economic depression in the United States that began in 1893.

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Patent

A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Paul Graham (computer programmer)

Paul Graham (born 13 November 1964) is an English programmer, venture capitalist, and essayist.

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Perverse incentive

A perverse incentive is an incentive that has an unintended and undesirable result which is contrary to the interests of the incentive makers.

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Pfizer

Pfizer, Inc. is an American multinational pharmaceutical corporation headquartered in New York City, New York, with its research headquarters in Groton, Connecticut.

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Pharmacia

Pharmacia was a pharmaceutical and biotechnological company in Sweden that merged with the American pharmaceutical company Upjohn in 1995.

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Post-merger integration

Post-merger integration or PMI is a complex process of combining and rearranging businesses to materialize potential efficiencies and synergies that usually motivate mergers and acquisitions.

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Price fixing

Price fixing is an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand.

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PricewaterhouseCoopers

PricewaterhouseCoopers (trading as PwC) is a multinational professional services network.

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Privately held company

A privately held company or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately.

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Qwest

Qwest Communications International, Inc. was a large United States telecommunications carrier.

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Recruitment

Recruitment refers to the overall process of attracting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs (either permanent or temporary) within an organization.

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Relative valuation

Relative valuation also called valuation using multiples is a generic term that refers to the notion of comparing the price of an asset to the market value of similar assets.

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Restructuring

Restructuring is the corporate management term for the act of reorganizing the legal, ownership, operational, or other structures of a company for the purpose of making it more profitable, or better organized for its present needs.

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Revenue

In business, revenue (net sales) is the income that a company receives from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.

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Reverse takeover

A reverse takeover or reverse merger takeover (reverse IPO) is the acquisition of a public company by a private company so that the private company can bypass the lengthy and complex process of going public.

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Royal Dutch Shell

Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is an Anglo–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.

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SAP SE

SAP SE (Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing) is a German multinational software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.

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Second request

In United States antitrust law, a second request is a discovery procedure by which the Federal Trade Commission and the Antitrust Division of the Justice Department investigate mergers and acquisitions which may have anticompetitive consequences.

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Shakeout

Shakeout is a term used in business and economics to describe the consolidation of an industry or sector, in which businesses are eliminated or acquired through competition.

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Shell corporation

A shell corporation is a company which serves as a vehicle for business transactions without itself having any significant assets or operations.

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Sherman Antitrust Act

The Sherman Antitrust Act (Sherman Act) is a landmark federal statute in the history of United States antitrust law (or "competition law") passed by Congress in 1890.

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Skype

Skype is a telecommunications application software product that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls from computers, tablets, and mobile devices via the Internet to other devices or telephones/smartphones.

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SoftBank

is a Japanese multinational telecommunications and Internet corporation, with operations in broadband, fixed-line telecommunications, e-commerce, Internet, technology services, finance, media and marketing, and other businesses.

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Sprint Corporation

Sprint Corporation, commonly referred to as Sprint, is an American telecommunications holding company that provides wireless services and is a major global Internet carrier.

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Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an exchange or stock market where stock brokers and traders can buy and/or sell stocks (also called shares), bonds, and other securities.

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Strategic management

Strategic management involves the formulation and implementation of the major goals and initiatives taken by a company's top management on behalf of owners, based on consideration of resources and an assessment of the internal and external environments in which the organization competes.

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Swap ratio

In finance, a swap ratio is an exchange rate of the shares of the companies that would undergo a merger.

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Synergy

Synergy is the creation of a whole that is greater than the simple sum of its parts.

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Synthes

Synthes Holding AG (formerly Synthes-Stratec) is a multinational medical device manufacturer based in Solothurn, Switzerland and West Chester, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Sytse Douma

Sytse Wybren Douma (born 1942) is a Dutch organizational theorist, consultant and Emeritus Professor at the Tilburg School of Economics and Management of the Tilburg University, known for his work with Hein Schreuder on "Economic approaches to organizations".

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Takeover

In business, a takeover is the purchase of one company (the target) by another (the acquirer, or bidder).

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Tax

A tax (from the Latin taxo; "rate") is a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by a state or the functional equivalent of a state to fund various public expenditures.

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Time Warner

Time Warner Inc. (TWI, formerly AOL Time Warner, stylized as TimeWarner since 2003) is an American multinational media corporation headquartered in the Time Warner Center in New York City.

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Transformational Acquisition

Transformational Acquisition is an acquisition of a company or a division of it with the aim to jointly establish a new business model or to enrich the offer for its customers by different expertise and new solutions.

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Trust (business)

A trust or corporate trust is an American English term for a large business with significant market power.

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Twitter

Twitter is an online social networking service that enables users to send and read short 140-character messages called "tweets".

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Types of business entity

A business entity is an entity that is formed and administered as per commercial law in order to engage in business activities, charitable work, or other activities allowable.

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U.S. Steel

The United States Steel Corporation, more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an American integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.

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United Airlines

United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as "United", is a major American airline carrier headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, US dollar or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its overseas territories.

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US West

US West, Inc. was one of seven Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOC's, also referred to as "Baby Bells"), created in 1983 under the Modification of Final Judgement (United States v. Western Electric Co., Inc. 552 Fed. Supp. 131), a case related to the antitrust breakup of AT&T.

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Valuation (finance)

In finance, valuation is the process of estimating what something is worth.

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Venture capital

Venture capital (VC) is money provided to seed, early-stage, emerging and emerging growth companies.

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Verizon Communications

Verizon Communications (pronounced), is an American broadband and telecommunications company, the largest U.S. wireless communications service provider as of September 2014, and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

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Vertical integration

In microeconomics and management, vertical integration is an arrangement in which the supply chain of a company is owned by that company.

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Vodafone

Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications company headquartered in London and with its registered office in Newbury, Berkshire.

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Warner–Lambert

Warner–Lambert was an American pharmaceutical company.

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WhatsApp

WhatsApp is an instant messaging app for smartphones that operates under a subscription business model.

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Wyeth

Wyeth was a pharmaceutical company until it was purchased by Pfizer in 2009.

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Yahoo!

Yahoo Inc. (styled as Yahoo!) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.

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YRC Worldwide

YRC Worldwide Inc. is the holding company for brands including YRC, YRC Reimer, New Penn, USF Holland and USF Reddaway.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mergers_and_acquisitions

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