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Military of the Ottoman Empire

The history of military of the Ottoman Empire can be divided in five main periods. [1]

98 relations: Abdülaziz of the Ottoman Empire, Agha (Ottoman Empire), Airplane, Anatolia, Armistice of Mudros, Asakir-i Mansure-i Muhammediye, Auspicious Incident, Azap, Çorbacı, Balkan Wars, Bashi-bazouk, Battle of Zonchio, Bölükbaşı, Birinci Ferik, Boatswain, Bosphorus, Cannon fodder, Captain (armed forces), Carabinier, Cartography, Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha, Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, Colonel, Company (military unit), Constantinople, Crimean War, Edward J. Erickson, Euclidean geometry, Fall of Constantinople, Ferik (rank), François Baron de Tott, France, Galleon, Gallipoli Star, Golden Horn, Greco-Turkish War (1897), Grenadier, Howitzer, Iftikhar Sanayi Medal, Irregular military, Islam, Kapudan Pasha, Karamürsel, List of Fleet Commanders of the Ottoman Navy, List of naval collaboration treaties signed by the Ottoman Empire, List of Ottoman conquests, sieges and landings, Looting, Mahmud I, Mahmud II, Mehmed the Conqueror, ..., Mercenary, Military of the Ottoman Empire, Miralay, Mirliva, Mushir, Musketeer, Mustafa III, Napoleon, Naval Academy (Turkey), Naval architecture, Navigation, Nizam-i Djedid, Officer of the deck, Oghuz Turks, Order of Osmanieh, Order of the Medjidie, Orhan of the Ottoman Empire, Osman I, Ottoman Army (15th-19th centuries), Ottoman Aviation Squadrons, Ottoman expedition to Aceh, Ottoman Military College, Ottoman military reforms, Ottoman naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean, Ottoman Navy, Peace of Zsitvatorok, Pilot (aeronautics), Reiter, Rise of the Ottoman Empire, Royal Naval Academy, Russo-Turkish War (1877–78), Seaplane, Second Constitutional Era, Shipbuilding, Shock troops, Sunni Islam, Tanzimat, The Ottomans: Europe's Muslim Emperors, Timar, Timariot, Turkey, Turkish Armed Forces, Turkish Land Forces, Turkish Military Academy, Turkish Naval Forces, World War I, Yaya (military), 13 Vendémiaire. Expand index (48 more) »

Abdülaziz of the Ottoman Empire

Abdülaziz of the Ottoman Empire or Abdülaziz I (Ottoman Turkish: عبد العزيز / `Abdü’l-`Azīz, I.; 9/18 February 1830 – 4 June 1876) was the 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and reigned between 25 June 1861 and 30 May 1876.

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Agha (Ottoman Empire)

Agha, also Aga (Ottoman Turkish in Arabic script: أغا: ağa "chief, master, lord"), as an honorific title for a civilian or military officer, or often part of such title, was placed after the name of certain military functionaries in the Ottoman Empire.

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Airplane

An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller.

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Anatolia

Anatolia (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ — "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern), in geography known as Asia Minor (from Mīkrá Asía — "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, Anatolian peninsula, or Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of the Republic of Turkey.

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Armistice of Mudros

The Armistice of Mudros (Mondros Mütarekesi), concluded on 30 October 1918, ended the hostilities, at noon the next day, in the Middle Eastern theatre between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies of World War I. It was signed by the Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Bey and the British Admiral Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe, on board HMS ''Agamemnon'' in Moudros harbor on the Greek island of Lemnos.

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Asakir-i Mansure-i Muhammediye

The Mansure Army (عساكر منصورهٔ محمديه, Asâkir-i Mansûre-i Muhammediye, "The Victorious Soldiers of Muhammad") was an ocak of the Ottoman army.

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Auspicious Incident

The Auspicious Incident (or EventGoodwin, pp. 296–299.) (Turkish: (in Istanbul) Vaka-i Hayriye "Fortunate Event"; (in Balkans) Vaka-i Şerriyye, "Unfortunate Incident") was the forced disbandment of the centuries-old Janissary corps by Sultan Mahmud II on 15 June 1826.

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Azap

Azabs (عزب, modern Turkish Azap, from Arabic, meaning bachelor) also known as Asappes or Asappi, were irregular light infantry of the Ottoman Army.

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Çorbacı

Çorbacı (sometimes variously transliterated as chorbaji, chorbadzhi, tschorbadji) (çorbacı) was a military rank of the corps of Janissaries in the Ottoman Empire, used for the commander of an orta (regiment), i.e., approximately corresponding to the rank of colonel.

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Balkan Wars

The Balkan Wars were two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe in 1912 and 1913.

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Bashi-bazouk

A bashi-bazouk or bashibazouk (Turkish başıbozuk, literally "damaged head", also named delibaş, literally "crazy head", both meaning "free headed", "leaderless", "disorderly") was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army.

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Battle of Zonchio

The naval Battle of Zonchio (Sapienza Deniz Muharebesi, also known as the Battle of Sapienza or the First Battle of Lepanto) took place on four separate days: 12, 20, 22 and 25 August 1499.

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Bölükbaşı

Boluk-bashi (bölükbaşı) was an Ottoman rank equivalent to captain (see Military of the Ottoman Empire).

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Birinci Ferik

Birinci Ferik or Ferik-i evvel (corresponding to the earlier Ottoman rank of Serdar) was a military rank of the Ottoman Army.

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Boatswain

A boatswain (formerly and dialectally also), bo's'n, bos'n, or bosun, is the senior crewman of the deck department and is responsible for the components of a ship's hull.

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Bosphorus

The Bosphorus or Bosporus (Βόσπορος, Bósporos; Boğaziçi) is a strait that forms part of the boundary between Europe and Asia.

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Cannon fodder

Cannon fodder is an informal, derogatory term for combatants who are regarded or treated as expendable in the face of enemy fire.

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Captain (armed forces)

The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.

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Carabinier

A carabinier (also sometimes spelled carabineer or carbineer) (carabinero in Spanish, carabiniere in Italian) is in principle a soldier armed with a carbine.

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Cartography

Cartography (from Greek χάρτης khartēs, "map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.

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Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha

Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha or Hasan Pasha of Algiers (1713–19 March 1790) was an Ottoman captain, Grand Admiral (1770-1790), Grand Vizier (1790), and general of the late 18th century.

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Claude Alexandre de Bonneval

Claude Alexandre, Comte de Bonneval (14 July 1675 – 23 March 1747) was a French army officer who later went into the service of the Ottoman Empire, eventually converting to Islam and becoming known as Humbaracı Ahmet Paşa.

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Colonel

Colonel (abbreviated Col., Col or COL and pronounced, similar to "kernel") is a senior military officer rank below the general officer ranks.

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Company (military unit)

A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–250 soldiers and usually commanded by a major.

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Constantinople

Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis or Κωνσταντινούπολη Konstantinoúpoli; Constantinopolis; قسطنطینية, Kostantiniyye; Цариград; modern Istanbul) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1924) empires.

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Crimean War

The Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856), also known in Russian historiography as the Eastern War of 1853–1856 (Восточная война, Vostochnaya Voina), was a conflict in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia.

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Edward J. Erickson

Edward J. Erickson is a retired regular U.S. Army officer at the Marine Corps University and is an authority on the Ottoman Army during World War I, a subject on which he has written widely.

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Euclidean geometry

Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to the Alexandrian Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his textbook on geometry: the Elements.

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Fall of Constantinople

The Fall of Constantinople (Άλωση της Κωνσταντινούπολης, Alōsē tēs Kōnstantinoupolēs; İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the capital of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire by an invading army of the Ottoman Empire on Tuesday, 29 May 1453.

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Ferik (rank)

Ferik was a military rank of the Ottoman Army.

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François Baron de Tott

François Baron de Tott (Báró Tóth Ferenc) (August 17, 1733, Chamigny, France - September 24, 1793, Hungary) was an aristocrat and a French military officer of Hungarian origin.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Galleon

A galleon was a large, multi-decked sailing ship used primarily by European states from the 16th to 18th centuries.

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Gallipoli Star

The Ottoman War Medal (Harp Madalyası), better known as the Gallipoli Star, or the Iron Crescent (from German Eiserner Halbmond, in allusion to the Iron Cross) was a military decoration of the Ottoman Empire which was instituted by the Sultan Mehmed Reshad V on 1 March 1915 for gallantry in battle.

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Golden Horn

The Golden Horn (Altın Boynuz; Χρυσόκερας, Khrysókeras; Chrysoceras), also known by its modern Turkish name as Haliç, is a major urban waterway and the primary inlet of the Bosphorus in Istanbul, Turkey.

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Greco-Turkish War (1897)

The Greco-Turkish War of 1897, also called the Thirty Days' War and known in Greece as the Black '97 (Mauro '97) or the Unfortunate War (Ατυχής πόλεμος, Atychis polemos), was a war fought between the Kingdom of Greece and Ottoman Empire.

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Grenadier

A grenadier (from French, derived from the word grenade) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.

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Howitzer

A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles at relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.

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Iftikhar Sanayi Medal

The Iftikhar Sanayi Medal is a medal granted by the Ottoman Empire.

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Irregular military

Irregular military is any non-standard military, that is, distinct from that of the regular army.

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Islam

Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Kapudan Pasha

The Kapudan Pasha (قپودان پاشا, modern: Kaptan Paşa), was the commander-in-chief of the navy of the Ottoman Empire.

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Karamürsel

Karamürsel is a town and district located in northwestern Turkey, in the province of Kocaeli.

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List of Fleet Commanders of the Ottoman Navy

This list includes Fleet Commanders (Turkish: Donanma Komutanı) of the Ottoman Navy.

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List of naval collaboration treaties signed by the Ottoman Empire

There were 21 naval collaboration treaties of the Ottoman Empire.

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List of Ottoman conquests, sieges and landings

The following is an List of Ottoman sieges and landings from the 14th century to World War I.

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Looting

Looting, also referred to as sacking, ransacking, plundering, despoiling, despoliation, and pillaging, is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe, such as war, natural disaster, or rioting.

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Mahmud I

Mahmud I (محمود اول, I., 2 August 1696 13 December 1754) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1730 to 1754.

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Mahmud II

Mahmud II (Ottoman Turkish: محمود ثانى Mahmud-u sānī, محمود عدلى Mahmud-u Âdlî) (II.) (20 July 1789 – 1 July 1839) was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839.

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Mehmed the Conqueror

Mehmed II (محمد ثانى,; II.; also known as, الفاتح, "the Conqueror" in Ottoman Turkish; in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Han; also called Mahomet II in early modern Europe), also known as Muhammed bin Murad, Mehmed the Conqueror, Grand Turk, Kayser-i Rûm (Caesar of Rome) and Turcarum Imperator, and Fatih Sultan Mehmed (30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481), was an Ottoman sultan who ruled first for a short time from August 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to May 1481.

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Mercenary

A mercenary is a person who takes part in an armed conflict who is not a national or a party to the conflict and is "motivated to take part in the hostilities by the desire for private gain".

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Military of the Ottoman Empire

The history of military of the Ottoman Empire can be divided in five main periods.

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Miralay

Miralay or Mîr-i alay (Gendarmerie: Alaybeyi) was a military rank of the Ottoman Army and Navy.

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Mirliva

Mirliva or Mîr-i livâ was a military rank of the Ottoman Army.

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Mushir

Mushir (مشير) is an Arab word meaning "counsellor" or "advisor".

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Musketeer

A musketeer (mousquetaire) was an early modern type of soldier equipped with a musket.

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Mustafa III

Mustafa III (Ottoman Turkish: مصطفى ثالث Muṣṭafā-yi sālis) (January 28/18, 1717 – January 21, 1774) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1757 to 1774.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.

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Naval Academy (Turkey)

The Turkish Naval Academy (Deniz Harp Okulu) is a four-year co-educational military academy located in the district of Tuzla in Istanbul.

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Naval architecture

Naval architecture also known as naval engineering, is an engineering discipline dealing with the engineering design process, shipbuilding, maintenance, and operation of marine vessels and structures.

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Navigation

Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another.

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Nizam-i Djedid

The Nizam-ı Cedit (from Arabic النظام الجديد, An-Niẓām Al-Jadīd, through Persian Nezām-e Jadīd, meaning New Order) was a series of reforms carried out by the Ottoman Sultan Selim III during the late 18th and early 19th centuries in a drive to catch up militarily and politically with the Western Powers.

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Officer of the deck

Officer of the deck (OOD) is a position in the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard that confers certain authority and responsibility.

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Oghuz Turks

The Ghuzz or Turkmen also known as Oguzes (a linguistic term designating the Western Turkic or Oghuz languages from the Oghur sub-division of Turkic language family) were a historical Turkic tribal confederation conventionally named the Oghuz Yabgu State in Central Asia during the early medieval period.

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Order of Osmanieh

The Order of Osmanieh or Osmaniye (Osmanlı Devlet Nişanı) was a military decoration of the Ottoman Empire.

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Order of the Medjidie

Medjidie or Mejidie (Mecidiye Nişanı, August 29, 1852 – 1922) is the name of a military and knightly order of the Ottoman Empire.

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Orhan of the Ottoman Empire

Orhan of the Ottoman Empire or Orhan Bey (اورخان غازی,Orhan Gazi; 1281 – March 1362) was the second bey of the nascent Ottoman Empire (then known as the Ottoman Beylik or Emirate) from 1326 to 1362.

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Osman I

Osman Gazi ben Ertuğrul (عثمان غازى Osman Ghazi; or Osman Bey or Osman Gazi Han); (1258–1326), sometimes transliterated in the past as Othman or Ottoman or Ataman and nicknamed "Kara" ("black" in Turkish), was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder and namesake of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire.

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Ottoman Army (15th-19th centuries)

Ottoman Classical Army was the military structure established by Mehmed II, during his reorganization of the state and the military.

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Ottoman Aviation Squadrons

The Aviation Squadrons of the Ottoman Empire were military aviation units of the Ottoman Army and Navy.

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Ottoman expedition to Aceh

The Ottoman expedition to Aceh started from around 1565 when the Ottoman Empire endeavoured to support the Aceh Sultanate in its fight against the Portuguese Empire in Malacca.

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Ottoman Military College

The Ottoman Military College or Imperial Military Staff College or Ottoman Army War College (Mekteb-i Erkân-ı Harbiyye-i Şâhâne or Erkân-ı Harbiye Mektebi), was a two-year military staff college of the Ottoman Empire.

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Ottoman military reforms

Ottoman military reforms began in the late 18th century.

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Ottoman naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean

The Ottoman naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean (Modern Hint seferleri or Hint Deniz seferleri, "Indian Ocean campaigns") were a series of Ottoman amphibious operations in the Indian Ocean in the 16th century.

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Ottoman Navy

The Ottoman Navy (Osmanlı Donanması or Donanma-yı Humâyûn), also known as the Ottoman Fleet, was established in the early 14th century after the Ottoman Empire first expanded to reach the sea in 1323 by capturing Karamürsel, the site of the first Ottoman naval shipyard and the nucleus of the future Navy.

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Peace of Zsitvatorok

The Peace of Zsitvatorok was a peace treaty which ended the Fifteen Years' War between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy on November 11, 1606.

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Pilot (aeronautics)

An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who actively and directly operates the directional flight controls of an aircraft while it is in flight.

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Reiter

Reiters (Reiter, or horserider, shortened from the original “Schwarze Reiter”—literally, "black riders" for the colour of their armour) were a type of cavalry, which appeared in the armies of Western Europe in the 16th century in place of the outmoded lance-armed knights, at the same time that cuirassiers and dragoons began to attain typological distinction from other kinds of cavalry.

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Rise of the Ottoman Empire

The foundation and rise of the Ottoman Empire (1299 – 29 May 1453) is the period that started with the weakening of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm in the very early 14th century and ended with the fall of Constantinople on May 29, 1453.

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Royal Naval Academy

The Royal Naval Academy (1733–1837) was established at Portsmouth Dockyard as a facility to train officers for the Royal Navy.

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Russo-Turkish War (1877–78)

The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of several Balkan countries.

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Seaplane

A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.

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Second Constitutional Era

The Second Constitutional Era (ايکنجى مشروطيت دورى; İkinci Meşrûtiyyet Devri) of the Ottoman Empire established shortly after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution which forced Sultan Abdul Hamid II to restore the constitutional monarchy by the revival of the Ottoman parliament, the General Assembly of the Ottoman Empire and restoring of the Ottoman constitution of 1876.

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Shipbuilding

Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.

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Shock troops

Shock troops or assault troops are formations created to lead an attack.

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Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his father-in-law Abu Bakr.

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Tanzimat

The Tanzimât (Ottoman Turkish: تنظيمات), literally meaning reorganization of the Ottoman Empire, was a period of reformation that began in 1839 and ended with the First Constitutional Era in 1876.

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The Ottomans: Europe's Muslim Emperors

The Ottomans: Europe's Muslim Emperors is a 2013 BBC Two documentary in three parts presented by Rageh Omaar.

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Timar

A timar was land granted by the Ottoman sultans between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries, with a tax revenue annual value of less than 20 000 akçes.

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Timariot

A timariot (or tımar holder; tımarlı in Turkish) was another name given to the Timarli Sipahi cavalry that served the Ottoman sultan and in return was granted a fief called a timar.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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Turkish Armed Forces

The Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri (TSK) are the military forces of the Republic of Turkey.

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Turkish Land Forces

The Turkish Land Forces (Türk Kara Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Army (Türk Ordusu), is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations.

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Turkish Military Academy

The Turkish Military Academy (Kara Harp Okulu) is a four-year co-educational military academy located in the center of Ankara, Turkey.

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Turkish Naval Forces

The Turkish Naval Forces (Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Navy (Türk Donanması) is the naval warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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Yaya (military)

Yaya or Piade or Piyade were infantry military units of the Ottoman Empire and some other medieval Anatolian emirates.

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13 Vendémiaire

13 Vendémiaire Year 4 (5 October 1795 in the French Republican Calendar) is the name given to a battle between the French Revolutionary troops and Royalist forces in the streets of Paris.

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Redirects here:

Army of the Ottoman Empire, Military history of the Ottoman Empire, Military of the Ottoman empire, Military of the Turkish Empire, Otterman Army, Ottoman Armed Forces, Ottoman Army, Ottoman Empire Army, Ottoman Turkish Army, Ottoman army, Ottoman military.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_of_the_Ottoman_Empire

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