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Montenegro

Montenegro (or or; Montenegrin: Crna Gora / Црна Гора, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe. [1]

410 relations: Abdul Hamid II, Absolute monarchy, Accession of Montenegro to NATO, Accession of Montenegro to the European Union, Ada Bojana, Adriatic Sea, Adventism, Agriculture, Albania, Albanian language, Albanians, Albanians in Montenegro, Alexander I of Yugoslavia, Allies of World War II, Aluminium Plant Podgorica, Andrijevica Municipality, Appian, Arso Jovanović, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians, Association football, Atheism, Austria-Hungary, Austrian Empire, Axis powers, Šavnik Municipality, Žabljak Municipality, Balšić noble family, Balkan Wars, Balkans, Bar Municipality, Bar, Montenegro, Baroque, Basketball, Battle of Grahovac, Bay of Kotor, BBC News, Belgrade, Belgrade–Bar motorway, Belgrade–Bar railway, Berane Municipality, Bijelo Polje Municipality, Biogradska Gora, Blažo Jovanović, Bobotov Kuk, Bordeaux, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosniaks, Bosniaks of Montenegro, Bosnian language, Bosnian War, ..., Bosnians, Boxing, Boycott, Brad Pitt, Buddhism, Budva, Budva Municipality, Buljarica, Byzantine Empire, Casino Royale (2006 film), Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ, Podgorica, Center for Democracy and Technology, Central Bank of Montenegro, Central European Free Trade Agreement, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Central Powers, Cetinje, Cetinje Octoechos, Chess, Christmas, Christmas Uprising, Civic engagement, Coalition for a European Montenegro, Congress of Berlin, Constantine Bodin, Constitution of Montenegro, Constitutional monarchy, Cornell University Press, Council of Europe, Creation of Yugoslavia, Crnojević noble family, Croatia, Croatian language, Croatian War of Independence, Croats, Currency substitution, Currency union, Danilo I, Prince of Montenegro, Danilovgrad Municipality, Danube, Democracy, Deutsche Mark, Diplomatic recognition, Douglas Kennedy (writer), Drainage basin, Dubrovnik, Duklja, Durmitor, Easter, Economic policy, Endemism, Environmentalism, Euro, Euro sign, EuroBasket 2005, European route E65, European route E80, European Union, Eurostat, Eurozone, Executive (government), Exhibition game, F. Scott Fitzgerald, February strike, Filip Vujanović, FK Budućnost Podgorica, FK Sutjeska Nikšić, Flag of Montenegro, Foreign direct investment, France, Franz Lehár, Germans, Golubovci, Good Friday, Gorani people, Gothic art, Government of Montenegro, Great power, Great Recession, Great Turkish War, Greece, Greek language, Greens (Montenegrin separatists), Gross domestic product, Guatemala City, Guerrilla warfare, Gusinje Municipality, Gymnasium (school), Halal, Handball, Handball at the 2012 Summer Olympics, Head of state, Headlands and bays, Herceg Novi Municipality, History of Serbia, History of the Balkans, Hotel Mediteran, Hungarian language, Hungarians, Hungary national football team, Husein-paša's Mosque, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, International E-road network, International Monetary Fund, International Olympic Committee, International Security Assistance Force, Islam, Islam in Montenegro, Islamic Community of Montenegro, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3, Italians, Italy, Ivana Knežević, James Bond, Jaz Beach, Jehovah's Witnesses, Josip Broz Tito, Judo, Jumu'ah, Karate, Karlovy Vary, Karst Plateau, Kingdom of Italy, Kingdom of Montenegro, Kingdom of Serbia, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Kolašin, Kolašin Municipality, Kosovo, Kotor, Kotor Cathedral, Kotor Municipality, Krsto Popović, Labor Day, Lake Skadar, Languages of Montenegro, Law enforcement in Montenegro, Law on the Status of the Descendants of the Petrović Njegoš Dynasty, Legislature, LEN Champions League, List of national independence days, List of rulers of Montenegro, Lovćen, Macedonian language, Macedonians (ethnic group), Market economy, Master's degree, Matica crnogorska, Matura, Málaga, Mediterranean cuisine, Mediterranean University, Metohija, Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral, Mihailo Vojislavljević, Milo Đukanović, Milovan Đilas, Mirko Petrović-Njegoš, Miss World 2006, Mojkovac Municipality, Montenegrin Air Force, Montenegrin Ground Army, Montenegrin independence referendum, 1992, Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006, Montenegrin language, Montenegrin Navy, Montenegrin Orthodox Church, Montenegrin parliamentary election, 2012, Montenegrins, Montenegro Airlines, Montenegro and the euro, Montenegro national football team, Municipality, Music of Montenegro, Muslims (nationality), National anthem, National Geographic Traveler, NATO, NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, Nazi Germany, Neretva, Nero Wolfe, New Year's Day, Nicholas I of Montenegro, Nicholas, Crown Prince of Montenegro, Nikšić, Nikšić Municipality, Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, Oj, svijetla majska zoro, Old Herzegovina, Old Montenegro, Old Royal Capital Cetinje, Old-growth forest, Opština, Operetta, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Orjen, Orthodoxy in Montenegro, Ottoman Empire, Our Lady of the Rocks, Outline of Montenegro, Paštrovići, Parliament of Montenegro, Parliamentary republic, Peko Dapčević, People's Party (Montenegro), Perast, Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, Petar I Petrović Njegoš, Petar II Petrović-Njegoš, Petnjica Municipality, Petrović-Njegoš dynasty, Pierce Brosnan, Plain, Plav Municipality, Pliny the Elder, Pljevlja, Pljevlja Municipality, Plužine Municipality, Podgorica, Podgorica Airport, Podgorica Assembly, Podgorica Capital City, Podgorica City Stadium, Port of Bar, Porto Montenegro, President of Montenegro, President of the Parliament of Montenegro, Prime Minister of Montenegro, Principality, Principality of Montenegro, Principality of Zeta, Prokletije, Ptolemy, Purchasing power parity, Raška (region), Ranko Krivokapić, Recession, Referendum, Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006), Republic of Venice, Reuters, Rex Stout, Rijeka, Rožaje Municipality, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bar, Roman Catholic Diocese of Kotor, Roman Catholicism in Croatia, Roman Catholicism in Montenegro, Roman Empire, Romanesque architecture, Romani language, Romani people, Romanian language, Rule of law, Russians, Sanjak, Sava Kovačević, Savez Izviđača Crne Gore, Savina Monastery, Montenegro, Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro, Serbian Despotate, Serbian Empire, Serbian language, Serbian Orthodox Church, Serbians, Serbo-Croatian, Serbs, Serbs of Montenegro, Shkodër, Shtokavian dialect, Slavko Dedić, Slavs, Slobodan Milošević, Slovene language, Slovenes, Social justice, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist Republic of Montenegro, South Slavs, Sovereign state, Spain, Special forces, Sport of athletics, Standing army, Statehood Day (Montenegro), Stefan Nemanja, Stefan Vojislav, Sunni Islam, Sveti Stefan, Svetozar Vukmanović, Table tennis, Tara River Canyon, Telecommunications in Montenegro, Telephone numbers in Montenegro, Tertiary sector of the economy, The Big Picture (2010 film), The Black Mountain, The Brothers Bloom, The Dark Side of the Sun, The Great Gatsby, The Merry Widow, The November Man, Theocracy, Tirana, Tivat Airport, Tivat Municipality, Transition economy, Travunija, Treaty of Berlin (1878), True People's Party (historical), Turkey, Turkish people, Tuzi, Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori, Ulcinj, Ulcinj Municipality, Unicameralism, Union for the Mediterranean, University of Donja Gorica, University of Montenegro, Uprising in Montenegro, Velika Plaža, Veljko Vlahović, Venetian, Venetian language, Victory Day, Vijesti, VK Primorac Kotor, Vlado Dapčević, Vojislavljević dynasty, Volleyball, Warsaw, Water polo, Water polo at the 2008 Summer Olympics, World Bank, World Heritage Site, World Intellectual Property Organization, World Trade Organization, World War I, World War II, Yugoslav Partisans, Yugoslav Wars, Yugoslavia, Yugoslavs, Zeta, Zeta (crown land), Zeta (river), Zeta Banovina, Zla Kolata, .me, 18th meridian east, 2008 Summer Olympics, 2009 FINA Men's Water Polo World League, 21st meridian east, 41st parallel north, 44th parallel north. 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Abdul Hamid II

Abdul Hamid II (عبد الحميد ثانی,; İkinci Abdülhamit; 22 September 1842 – 10 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective autocratic control over the fracturing state.

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Absolute monarchy

Absolute monarchy or absolutism is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people.

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Accession of Montenegro to NATO

The accession of Montenegro to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is in the negotiations stage as of 2010.

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Accession of Montenegro to the European Union

The State Union of Serbia and Montenegro started the process of Accession to the European Union in November 2005, when negotiations over a Stabilisation and Association Agreement began.

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Ada Bojana

Ada Bojana (Island Bojana) is an island in the Ulcinj Municipality in Montenegro.

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Adriatic Sea

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula and the Apennine Mountains from the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges.

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Adventism

Adventism is a branch of Protestantism which began in the 19th century in the context of the Second Great Awakening revival in the United States.

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.

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Albania

Albania (or sometimes,; Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia, Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.

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Albanian language

Albanian (shqip or gjuha shqipe, meaning Albanian language) is an Indo-European language spoken by five million people, primarily in Albania, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, and Greece, but also in other areas of Southeastern Europe in which there is an Albanian population, including Montenegro and the Preševo Valley of Serbia.

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Albanians

Albanians (Shqiptarët) are defined as an ethnic group native to Albania and neighboring countries. The term is also used sometimes to refer to the citizens of the Republic of Albania regardless of ethnicity. Ethnic Albanians speak the Albanian language and more than half of ethnic Albanians live in Albania and Kosovo. The Albanian diaspora also exists in a number of other countries.

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Albanians in Montenegro

Albanians in Montenegro constitute 4.91% of the county's total population.

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Alexander I of Yugoslavia

Alexander I (Aleksandar I Karađorđević, Александар I Карађорђевић),Alternative pronunciations of 'Aleksandar' and 'I' are and, respectively.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Aluminium Plant Podgorica

Aluminium Plant Podgorica (Montenegrin: Kombinat Aluminijuma Podgorica - KAP) (MNSE) is an aluminium processing plant, located on the southern outskirts of Podgorica, Montenegro.

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Andrijevica Municipality

Andrijevica Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Appian

Appian of Alexandria (Ἀππιανὸς Ἀλεξανδρεύς Appianòs Alexandréus; Appianus Alexandrinus) was a Roman historian of Greek origin who flourished during the reigns of Emperors of Rome Trajan, Hadrian, and Antoninus Pius.

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Arso Jovanović

Arsenije "Arso" R. Jovanović (Арсо Р. Јовановић; 1907–1948) was a Yugoslav partisan general and their foremost military commander to participate in World War II in Yugoslavia.

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Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians

The Ashkali (also Aškalije, Haškalije, Hashkali) and Balkan Egyptians (Jevgs, Egjiptjant or Gjupci) are Albanian-speaking ethnic cultural minorities (recognized communities) which mainly inhabit Kosovo.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Atheism

Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.

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Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary (Österreich-Ungarn; Osztrák-Magyar Monarchia), also known by other names and often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Empire of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867, when the compromise was ratified by the Hungarian parliament.

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Austrian Empire

The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was created out of the realms of the Habsburgs by proclamation in 1804.

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Axis powers

The Axis powers (Achsenmächte, 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku, Potenze dell'Asse), also known as the Axis, were the nations that fought in the Second World War against the Allied forces.

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Šavnik Municipality

Šavnik Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Žabljak Municipality

Žabljak Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Balšić noble family

The Balšić (Балшић, Балшићи/Balšići; Balsich) was a noble family that ruled "Zeta and the coastlands" (southern Montenegro and northern Albania), from 1362 to 1421, during and after the fall of the Serbian Empire.

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Balkan Wars

The Balkan Wars were two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe in 1912 and 1913.

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Balkans

The Balkan Peninsula, popularly referred to as the Balkans, is a geographical region of Southeast Europe.

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Bar Municipality

Bar Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Bar, Montenegro

Bar (Montenegrin and Бар,, Tivari) is a coastal town in southern Montenegro. It had a population of 40,037 in the 2011 census. Bar is the centre of Bar Municipality, and a major seaport of Montenegro.

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Baroque

The Baroque is often thought of as a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, theater, and music.

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Basketball

Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court.

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Battle of Grahovac

The Battle of Grahovac, in today's Montenegro, occurred from 28 April to 1 May 1858, when the Grand Duke Mirko Petrović-Njegoš, elder brother of Prince Danilo, led a strong army of 7,500 and won a crucial battle against the Turks (army of between 7,000 to 13,000) at Grahovac.

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Bay of Kotor

The Bay of Kotor (Boka kotorska/Бока которска), known simply as Boka, is a winding bay of the Adriatic Sea in southwestern Montenegro.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Belgrade

Belgrade (Beograd / Београд;; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.

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Belgrade–Bar motorway

Belgrade–Bar motorway (Serbian and Montenegrin: Аутопут Београд - Бар, Autoput Beograd - Bar), is a future motorway in Serbia and Montenegro.

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Belgrade–Bar railway

No description.

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Berane Municipality

Berane Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Bijelo Polje Municipality

Bijelo Polje Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Biogradska Gora

Biogradska Gora is a forest and a national park in Montenegro within Kolašin municipality.

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Blažo Jovanović

Blažo Jovanović (Velje Brdo, Podgorica, 28 March 1907 – Igalo, Herceg Novi, 4 February 1976) was the first President of the People's Assembly of Montenegro.

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Bobotov Kuk

Bobotov Kuk (Cyrilic: Боботов Кук) is a peak in northern Montenegro.

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Bordeaux

Bordeaux (Gascon: Bordèu; Bordele) is a port city on the Garonne River in the Gironde department in southwestern France.

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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian Bosna i Hercegovina,; Cyrillic script: Боснa и Херцеговина), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH, and in short often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.

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Bosniaks

The Bosniaks, or less commonly Bosniacs, (Bošnjaci,; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group inhabiting mainly homeland Bosnia and Herzegovina along with a native minority present in other countries of the Balkan Peninsula; especially in the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro (where Bosniaks form a regional majority), in Croatia, and in Kosovo.

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Bosniaks of Montenegro

Bosniaks are an ethnic group in Montenegro, first introduced in the 2003 census for political reasons.

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Bosnian language

Bosnian (bosanski / босански) is the standardized variety of Serbo-Croatian mainly used by Bosniaks.

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Bosnian War

The Bosnian War was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995.

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Bosnians

Bosnians (Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian: Bosanci/Босанци) are people who live in Bosnia, or who are of Bosnian descent.

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Boxing

Boxing is a martial art and combat sport in which two people throw punches at each other, usually with gloved hands.

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Boycott

A boycott is an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons.

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Brad Pitt

William Bradley "Brad" Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an American actor and producer.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Budva

Budva (Serbian: Будва, Budva, or, Italian and Budua) is a Montenegrin town on the Adriatic Sea.

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Budva Municipality

Budva Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Buljarica

Buljarica is a village in the Budva Municipality of western Montenegro.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

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Casino Royale (2006 film)

Casino Royale (2006) is the twenty-first film in the Eon Productions ''James Bond'' film series and the first to star Daniel Craig as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.

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Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ, Podgorica

The Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ (Саборни Храм Христовог Васкрсења or Saborni Hram Hristovog Vaskrsenja) in Podgorica, Montenegro, is a cathedral of the Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral of the Serbian Orthodox Church, construction of which began in 1993.

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Center for Democracy and Technology

Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT) is a Washington, D.C.-based 501(c)(3) non-profit organization whose mission is to promote an open, innovative, and free Internet.

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Central Bank of Montenegro

The Central Bank of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Centralna Banka Crne Gore) is the central bank of Montenegro.

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Central European Free Trade Agreement

The Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) is a trade agreement between non-EU countries, members of which are now mostly located in Southeastern Europe.

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Central European Summer Time

Central European Summer Time (CEST) is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC + one hour) during the rest of the year.

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Central European Time

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of the European Union, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

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Central Powers

The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri or Bağlaşma Devletleri; Централни сили Tsentralni sili), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).

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Cetinje

Cetinje (Montenegrin: Cetinje, Цетиње; is a city and Old Royal Capital of Montenegro. It is also a historical and the secondary capital of Montenegro (Приjестоница / Prijestonica), with the official residence of the President of Montenegro. It had a population of 13,991 as of 2011. It is the centre of Cetinje Municipality (population 16,757 in 2011). The city nestles on a small karst plain surrounded by limestone mountains, including Mt. Lovćen, the Black Mountain from which Montenegro gets its name. Cetinje is a town of immense historical heritage, founded in the 15th century. It became the center of Montenegrin life and both a cradle of Montenegrin culture and an Orthodox religious center. It is because of its heritage as a long-term Montenegrin capital that it is today the honorary capital of Montenegro.

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Cetinje Octoechos

The Cetinje Octoechos (Цетињски октоих or Cetinjski oktoih) is an Orthodox liturgical book printed in 1494 in Cetinje, the capital of the Principality of Zeta (in present-day Montenegro).

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.

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Christmas

Christmas or Christmas Day (Crīstesmæsse, meaning "Christ's Mass") is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas Uprising

The Christmas Uprising or Christmas Rebellion (Montenegrin: Божићна побуна, Božićna pobuna or Божићни Устанак, Božićni Ustanak) refers to the uprising of Montenegrin guerrilla fighters aimed at overturning the unification of the Kingdom of Montenegro with the Kingdom of Serbia.

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Civic engagement

Civic participation- The encouragement of the general public to become involved in the political process and the issues that affect the community.

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Coalition for a European Montenegro

Coalition for a European Montenegro (Montenegrin: Коалиција за Европску Црну Гору, Koalicija za Evropsku Crnu Goru) is the ruling political alliance in Montenegro headed by Milo Đukanović's Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS).

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Congress of Berlin

The Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13 July 1878) was a meeting of the representatives of the Great Powers of the time (Russia, Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany),"Besides Turkey, there were six Great Powers during the late nineteenth century: Russia, Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany." four Balkan states (Greece, Serbia, Romania and Montenegro) and the Ottoman Empire, aiming at determining the territories of the states in the Balkan peninsula following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78.

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Constantine Bodin

Constantine Bodin (Константин Бодин; 1072–1101) was the Serbian ruler of Duklja, from 1081 to 1101, succeeding his father, Mihailo (1050–1081).

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Constitution of Montenegro

The current Constitution of Montenegro was ratified and adopted by the Constitutional Parliament of Montenegro on 19 October 2007 on an extraordinary session by achieving the required two-thirds supermajority of votes.

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Constitutional monarchy

A constitutional monarchy, limited monarchy or parliamentary monarchy (also called a crowned republic) is a form of government in which governing powers of the monarch are restricted by a constitution.

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Cornell University Press

The Cornell University Press, is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.

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Council of Europe

The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe), founded in 1949, is a regional intergovernmental organisation which promotes human rights, democracy and the rule of law in its 47 member states, covering 820 million citizens.

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Creation of Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia (Југославија, Jugoslavija) was a statist concept among the South Slavic intelligentsia and later popular masses from the 17th to early 20th centuries that culminated in the realization of the ideal with the 1918 collapse of Habsburg Austria-Hungary at the end of World War I and the formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

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Crnojević noble family

The Crnojević (pl.) was a medieval noble family that held Zeta, or parts of it; a region north of Lake Skadar corresponding to southern Montenegro and northern Albania, from 1326 to 1362, then 1403 until 1515.

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Croatia

Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.

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Croatian language

Croatian (hrvatski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used by Croats, principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and other neighbouring countries.

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Croatian War of Independence

The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces, with the JNA ending its combat operations in Croatia by 1992.

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Croats

Croats (Hrvati) are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.

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Currency substitution

Currency substitution occurs when the inhabitants of a country use a foreign currency in parallel to or instead of the domestic currency.

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Currency union

A currency union (also known as monetary union) involves two or more states sharing the same currency, though without their necessarily having any further integration (such as an economic and monetary union, which would have, in addition, a customs union and a single market).

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Danilo I, Prince of Montenegro

Danilo Petrović Njegoš (25 May 1826 – 13 August 1860), was the Metropolitan or Prince-Bishop of Montenegro (as Danilo II) and later prince of Montenegro from 1851 to 1860 (as Danilo I).

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Danilovgrad Municipality

Danilovgrad Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Danube

The Danube (also known by other names) is Europe's second-longest river, located in Central and Eastern Europe.

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Democracy

Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...

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Deutsche Mark

The (German mark, abbreviated "DM") was the official currency of West Germany (1948–1990) and unified Germany (1990–2002) until the adoption of the euro in 2002.

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Diplomatic recognition

Diplomatic recognition in international law is a unilateral political act with domestic and international legal consequences, whereby a state acknowledges an act or status of another state or government in control of a state (may be also a recognized state).

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Douglas Kennedy (writer)

Douglas Kennedy (1 January, 1955, New York) is an American novelist.

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Drainage basin

A drainage basin or catchment basin is an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin, where the waters join another waterbody, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea, or ocean.

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Dubrovnik

Dubrovnik (Ragusa) is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea, in the region of Dalmatia.

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Duklja

Duklja (Дукља), also Doclea or Diocleia (Διοκλεία, Diokleia), was a Serbian medieval state with hereditary lands roughly encompassing the territories of present-day southeastern Montenegro, from Kotor on the west to the river Bojana on the east and to the sources of Zeta and Morača rivers on the north.

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Durmitor

The Durmitor is a massif and the name of a national park in northwestern Montenegro.

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Easter

EasterTraditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, (Old English usually Ēastrun, -on, or -an; also Ēastru, -o; and Ēostre), also called Pasch (derived, through Pascha and Greek Πάσχα Paskha, from פסחא, cognate to פֶּסַח Pesaḥ)In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Greek word Pascha is used for the celebration; in English, the analogous word is Pasch.

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Economic policy

Economic policy refers to the actions that governments take in the economic field.

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Endemism

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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Environmentalism

Environmentalism or Environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the concerns of non-human elements.

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Euro

The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the eurozone, which consists of 19 of the 28 member states of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.

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Euro sign

The euro sign (€) is the currency sign used for the euro, the official currency of the Eurozone in the European Union (EU).

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EuroBasket 2005

The 2005 FIBA European Championship, commonly called FIBA EuroBasket 2005, was the 34th FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship held by FIBA Europe, which also served as Europe qualifier for the 2006 FIBA World Championship, giving a berth to the top six teams in the final standings.

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European route E65

European route E 65 is a north-south Class-A European route that begins in Malmö, Sweden and ends in Chaniá, Greece.

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European route E80

European route E 80, also known as Trans-European Motorway or TEM, is an A-Class West-East European route, extending from Lisbon, Portugal to Gürbulak, Turkey, on the border with Iran.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Eurostat

Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.

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Eurozone

Eurozone (euro area).

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Executive (government)

The executive branch is the part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state.

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Exhibition game

An exhibition game (also known as a demonstration, a friendly, a preseason game, a warmup match, a scrimmage, or a preparation match, depending at least in part on the sport) is a sporting event whose prize money and impact on the team's rankings is either zero or otherwise greatly reduced.

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F. Scott Fitzgerald

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American author of novels and short stories, whose works are the paradigmatic writings of the Jazz Age.

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February strike

The 1941 February Strike, also known as 'The Strike of February 1941', was a general strike organized during World War II in the Netherlands against the anti-Jewish measures and activities of the Nazis.

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Filip Vujanović

Filip Vujanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Филип Вујановић) (born September 1, 1954) is the President of Montenegro since 2003.

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FK Budućnost Podgorica

Fudbalski Klub Budućnost Podgorica (Budućnost Podgorica Football Club), Montenegrin Cyrillic: будућност) is a football club from Podgorica, Montenegro, currently competing in the First League of Montenegro. Its colours are blue and white. FK Budućnost is a part of the Budućnost sport society. Founded in 1925, Budućnost was the Montenegrin club with most appearances in the Yugoslav First League, debuting in 1946. Due to the city being renamed during communist rule in Yugoslavia, Budućnost was known as Budućnost Titograd throughout that era. Since Montenegrin independence in 2006, the club has won two Montenegrin First League titles and one Montenegrin Cup. They have also qualified for the UEFA Europa League and UEFA Champions League, but have never reached the group stage of either tournament.

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FK Sutjeska Nikšić

FK Sutjeska is a football club from Nikšić, Montenegro, currently competing in the Telekom 1. CFL.

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Flag of Montenegro

The flag of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Застава Црне Горе / Zastava Crne Gore) was officially adopted with the Law on the state symbols and the statehood day of Montenegro on 13 July 2004 at the proposal of the government of Montenegro.

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Foreign direct investment

A Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a controlling ownership in a business enterprise in one country by an entity based in another country.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Franz Lehár

Franz Lehár (30 April 1870 – 24 October 1948) was an Austro-Hungarian composer.

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Germans

Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history, and speak the German language as their native language.

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Golubovci

Golubovci (Montenegrin: Golubovci, Голубовци) is a small town in the Podgorica Municipality of Montenegro.

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Good Friday

Good Friday is a Christian religious holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary.

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Gorani people

The Gorani (meaning Highlanders, Горани) or Goranci (Горанци) are a Slavic Muslim ethnic group inhabiting the Gora region - the triangle between Kosovo, Albania, and the Republic of Macedonia.

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Gothic art

Gothic art was a style of Medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture.

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Government of Montenegro

The government of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Влада Црне Горе, Vlada Crne Gore) is the executive branch of state authority in Montenegro.

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Great power

A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.

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Great Recession

The Global Recession was the general economic decline observed in world markets around the end of the first decade of the 21st century.

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Great Turkish War

The Great Turkish War (Der Große Türkenkrieg) or the War of the Holy League (Kutsal İttifak Savaşları) was a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and several contemporary European powers joined into a Holy League, beginning in 1683 and ending with the signing of the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699.

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Greece

Greece (Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία) and known since ancient times as Hellas (Greek: Ελλάς), is a country located in southeastern Europe.

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Greek language

Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.

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Greens (Montenegrin separatists)

The Greens (и) were a group of Montenegrin separatists, most notable for instigating the Christmas Uprising of 1919, and for trying to re-establish the Kingdom of Montenegro as an Axis client state during World War II.

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Gross domestic product

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.

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Guatemala City

Guatemala City, locally known as Guatemala or Guate, is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala, and the most populous in Central America.

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Guerrilla warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

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Gusinje Municipality

Gusinje Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Gymnasium (school)

A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe and the CIS, comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and U.S. preparatory high schools.

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Halal

Halāl (حلال, 'permissible'), also spelled hallal or halaal is any object or an action which is permissible to use or engage in, according to Islamic law.

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Handball

Handball (also known as team handball, Olympic handball, European team handball, European handball, or Borden ball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.

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Handball at the 2012 Summer Olympics

The handball tournaments at the 2012 Olympic Games in London was held from 28 July to 12 August in the Olympic Park.

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Head of state

A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.

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Headlands and bays

Headlands and bays are two related features of the coastal environment.

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Herceg Novi Municipality

Herceg Novi Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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History of Serbia

The Neolithic Starčevo and Vinča cultures existed in or near Belgrade and dominated the Balkans (as well as parts of Central Europe and Alaska Asia Minor) in 6200–4500 BC.

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History of the Balkans

The Balkans is an area of southeastern Europe situated at a major crossroads between mainland Europe and the Near East.

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Hotel Mediteran

The Hotel Mediteran Ulcinj, located in the coastal town of Ulcinj in Montenegro, is one of the first privatization deals completed by the new nation of Montenegro.

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Hungarian language

Hungarian is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union.

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Hungarians

Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group who speak Hungarian and are primarily associated with Hungary.

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Hungary national football team

The Hungary national football team represents Hungary in international football and is controlled by the Hungarian Football Federation.

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Husein-paša's Mosque

Husein-paša's Mosque (Husein-pašina džamija, Хусеин-пашина џамија) is a well-known mosque in Pljevlja, Montenegro.

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International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River

The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) is an international organisation with its permanent secretariat in Vienna.

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International E-road network

The international E-road network is a numbering system for roads in Europe developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".

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International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee (IOC; Comité international olympique, CIO) is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre, Baron de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president.

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International Security Assistance Force

The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan, established by the United Nations Security Council in December 2001 by Resolution 1386, as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement.

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Islam

Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Islam in Montenegro

Muslims in Montenegro form the largest minority religion in the country.

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Islamic Community of Montenegro

The Islamic Community of Montenegro or ICM (Montenegrin and Bosnian: Islamska Zajednica Crne Gore or IZCG, Bashkësia Islame e Malit të Zi or BIM) is an independent religious organisation of Muslims in Montenegro.

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ISO 3166-1 alpha-2

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.

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ISO 3166-1 alpha-3

ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes are three-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.

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Italians

No description.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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Ivana Knežević

Ivana Knežević (Ивана Кнежевић) (born 1988) is a Montenegrin beauty queen from the city of Bar, Montenegro.

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James Bond

The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.

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Jaz Beach

Jaz (Serbian Cyrillic: Јаз) is a beach in the Budva Municipality in Montenegro.

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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Josip Broz Tito

Josip Broz Tito (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз Тито,; born Josip Broz 7 May 1892Although Tito was born on 7 May after he became president of Yugoslavia he celebrated his birthday on 25 May to mark the unsuccessful 1944 Nazi attempt on his life. The Germans found forged documents that stated 25 May was Tito's birthday and attacked him on that day. (Vinterhalter 1972, p. 43.) – 4 May 1980) was a Yugoslav revolutionary and statesman, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.

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Judo

is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).

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Jumu'ah

Jumu'ah (in standard Arabic jum`ah; صلاة الجمعة, "Friday prayer") is a congregational prayer (ṣalāt) that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon in the place of Zuhr prayer.

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Karate

(Okinawan pronunciation) is a martial art developed on the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan.

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Karlovy Vary

Karlovy Vary or Carlsbad (Karlsbad) is a spa town situated in western Bohemia, Czech Republic, on the confluence of the rivers Ohře and Teplá, approximately west of Prague (Praha).

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Karst Plateau

The Karst Plateau or the Karst region (Carso; Kras), also simply known as the Karst, is a limestone plateau region extending across the border of southwestern Slovenia and northeastern Italy.

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Kingdom of Italy

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state founded in 1861 when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy.

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Kingdom of Montenegro

The Kingdom of Montenegro (Serbian: Краљевина Црнa Горa / Kraljevina Crna Gora), was a monarchy in southeastern Europe during the tumultuous years on the Balkan Peninsula leading up to and during World War I. Legally it was a constitutional monarchy, but absolutist in practice.

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Kingdom of Serbia

The Kingdom of Serbia (Краљевина Србија / Kraljevina Srbija), often rendered Servia in English at the time of its existence, was created when Prince Milan Obrenović, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was crowned king in 1882.

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Kingdom of Yugoslavia

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed during the interwar period (1918–1939) and first half of World War II (1939–1943).

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Kolašin

Kolašin (Montenegrin and Serbian: Kolašin/Колашин), is a town in northern Montenegro.

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Kolašin Municipality

Kolašin Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Kosovo

Prior to a change (other than minor edits), discussion NEEDS to take place.

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Kotor

Kotor (Котор,; Cattaro) is a coastal town in Montenegro.

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Kotor Cathedral

The Cathedral of Saint Tryphon (Montenegrin, Serbian, Croatian: Katedrala Svetog Tripuna/Катедрала Светог Трипуна) in Kotor is one of two Roman Catholic cathedrals in Montenegro.

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Kotor Municipality

Kotor Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Krsto Popović

Krsto Todorov-Zrnov Popović (13 September 1881 – 14 March 1947) was one of the leaders of 1919 Christmas Uprising in Montenegro against Serbian dynasty Karađorđević, organized by the Greens (Zelenaši), followers of dethroned King Nikola and Montenegrin dynasty Petrović-Njegoš.

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Labor Day

Labor Day in the United States is a public holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September.

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Lake Skadar

Lake Skadar (Liqeni i Shkodrës,; Montenegrin and Serbian: Скадарско језеро, Skadarsko jezero) — also called Lake Scutari, Lake Shkodër and Lake Shkodra — lies on the border of Albania and Montenegro, the largest lake in the Balkan Peninsula.

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Languages of Montenegro

Montenegro has one official language, specified in the Constitution of 2007 as Montenegrin.

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Law enforcement in Montenegro

Law enforcement in Montenegro is primarily the responsibility of the Police Administration (Uprava Policije).

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Law on the Status of the Descendants of the Petrović Njegoš Dynasty

The Law on the Status of the Descendants of the Petrović Njegoš Dynasty (Montenegrin: Zakon o Statusu Potomaka Dinastije Petrović Njegoš) was a 2011 statute that rehabilitated the Royal House of Montenegro and – in effect – enabled a limited parliamentary monarchy to exist (succeeding from the former absolute monarchy that existed until 1918).

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Legislature

A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.

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LEN Champions League

The LEN Champions League is the premier European water polo club competition with teams from up to 18 different countries.

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List of national independence days

An Independence Day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state; more rarely after the end of a military occupation.

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List of rulers of Montenegro

No description.

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Lovćen

Lovćen (Serbian: Lovćen, Ловћен) is a mountain and national park in southwestern Montenegro.

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Macedonian language

Macedonian (македонски јазик, makedonski jazik) is a South Slavic language, spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia.

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Macedonians (ethnic group)

The Macedonians (transliterated: Makedonci), also known as Macedonian Slavs or Slavic Macedonians are a South Slavic ethnic group native to the region of Macedonia.

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Market economy

A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.

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Master's degree

A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities upon completion of a course of study demonstrating a mastery or high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice.

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Matica crnogorska

Matica crnogorska (Матица црногорска) is a Montenegrin cultural institution.

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Matura

Matura or its translated terms (Mature, Matur, Maturita, Maturità, Maturität, Mатура) is a Latin name for the high-school exit exam or "maturity diploma" in various countries, including Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland and Ukraine.

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Málaga

Málaga is a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain.

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Mediterranean cuisine

Mediterranean cuisine is the food from the cultures adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea.

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Mediterranean University

Mediterranean University (Serbian: Univerzitet Mediteran) is a university located in Podgorica, Montenegro.

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Metohija

Metohija or Dukagjini (Rrafshi i Dukagjinit); Метохија, Metohija) is a large basin and the name of the region covering the southwestern part of Kosovo. The region covers 35% (3,891 km2) of Kosovo's total area. According to the 2011 Census, the population of the region is 700,577.

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Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral

The Metropolitanate of Montenegro is the largest diocese of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro.

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Mihailo Vojislavljević

Mihailo Vojislavljević (Михаило Војислављевић, 1050–d. 1081) was the ruler of Duklja from 1050 to 1081, initially as a Byzantine vassal holding the title of protospatharios, then after 1077 as nominally serving Pope Gregory VII, addressed as "king of the Slavs".

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Milo Đukanović

Milo Đukanović (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Мило Ђукановић, pronounced; born 15 February 1962) is a Montenegrin politician who has been the Prime Minister of Montenegro since 2012.

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Milovan Đilas

Milovan Đilas (Serbian/Montenegrin Cyrillic: Милован Ђилас), usually spelled Djilas in English (June 4 or June 12, 1911 – April 20, 1995), was a Communist Party of Yugoslavia politician, theorist and author.

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Mirko Petrović-Njegoš

Mirko Petrović-Njegoš (Мирко Петровић-Његош; August 19, 1820 – August 1, 1867), was a Montenegrin military commander, diplomat and poet, belonging to the House of Petrović-Njegoš.

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Miss World 2006

Miss World 2006, the 56th edition of the Miss World pageant, was held on 30 September 2006 at the Sala Kongresowa, the main 2,897-seat auditorium of the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw, Poland.

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Mojkovac Municipality

Mojkovac Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Montenegrin Air Force

The Montenegrin Air Force (Montenegrin: Vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdušna odbrana - V i PVO) is the air arm of the Military of Montenegro.

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Montenegrin Ground Army

Montenegrin Ground Army is the primary component of Military of Montenegro.

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Montenegrin independence referendum, 1992

The Montenegrin independence referendum of March 1, 1992 was the first referendum regarding Montenegrin independence.

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Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006

An independence referendum was held in Montenegro on 21 May 2006.

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Montenegrin language

Montenegrin (crnogorski / црногорски) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used by Montenegrins and the official language of Montenegro.

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Montenegrin Navy

The Montenegrin Navy (Montenegrin: Mornarica Vojske Crne Gore) is a branch of the Military of Montenegro.

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Montenegrin Orthodox Church

The Montenegrin Orthodox Church (MOC, Montenegrin: Црногорска православна црква, ЦПЦ / Crnogorska Pravoslavna Crkva, CPC) is an Orthodox Christian Church acting in Montenegro and Montenegrin emigration circles (such as Serbia and Argentina).

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Montenegrin parliamentary election, 2012

Early parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 14 October 2012.

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Montenegrins

Montenegrins (Serbo-Croatian: Црногорци / Crnogorci, or) are a nation and South Slavic people mainly living in the Balkans, primarily inhabiting Montenegro.

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Montenegro Airlines

Montenegro Airlines a.d. (Montenegrin: Монтенегро ерлајнс / Montenegro erlajns) is the flag carrier of Montenegro, headquartered in Podgorica.

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Montenegro and the euro

Montenegro has no currency of its own.

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Montenegro national football team

The Montenegro national football team (Fudbalska reprezentacija Crne Gore, Фудбалска репрезентација Црне Горе) represents Montenegro in association football and is controlled by the Fudbalski Savez Crne Gore (FSCG), the governing body for football in Montenegro.

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Municipality

A municipality is usually an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government or jurisdiction.

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Music of Montenegro

The music of Montenegro represents a mix of the country's unique musical tradition and Western musical influences.

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Muslims (nationality)

Muslims (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian and Macedonian: Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as an official supra-ethnic designation of nationality of Slavic Muslims and thus encompassed a number of populations ethnically distinct, including the Bosniaks, and to a minor extent Gorani, Pomaks and Macedonian Muslims.

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National anthem

A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song etc.) is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.

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National Geographic Traveler

National Geographic Traveler is a magazine published by the National Geographic Society in the United States.

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NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.

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NATO bombing of Yugoslavia

The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's (NATO) military operation against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the Kosovo War.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Neretva

Neretva (Cyrillic: Неретва, Narenta) is the largest river of the eastern part of the Adriatic basin.

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Nero Wolfe

Nero Wolfe is a fictional character, an armchair detective created in 1934 by American mystery writer Rex Stout.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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Nicholas I of Montenegro

Nicholas I Mirkov Petrovich-Nyegosh (Никола I Мирков Петровић-Његош, Serbian Latin: Nikola I Mirkov Petrović-Njegoš) (– 1 March 1921) was the ruler of Montenegro from 1860 to 1918, reigning as sovereign prince from 1860 to 1910 and as king from 1910 to 1918.

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Nicholas, Crown Prince of Montenegro

Nikola II Petrović-Njegoš, Crown Prince of Montenegro (Cyrillic: Никола Петровић-Његош; Montenegrin: Nikola Petrović-Njegoš) (born 7 July 1944 in Saint-Nicolas-du-Pélem) is the Head of the House of Petrović-Njegoš which once reigned over Montenegro.

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Nikšić

Nikšić (Никшић) is the second largest city of Montenegro, with a total population of 57,278, located in the west of the country, in the centre of the spacious Nikšić field at the foot of Mount Trebjesa.

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Nikšić Municipality

Nikšić Municipality (Montenegrin and Opština Nikšić/Општина Никшић) is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights

The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) is the principal institution of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) dealing with the "human dimension" of security.

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Oj, svijetla majska zoro

"Oj, svijetla majska zoro" (Montenegrin Cyrillic: „Ој, свијетла мајска зоро”, trans. "Oh, Bright Dawn of May") is the official National anthem of Montenegro adopted in 2004.

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Old Herzegovina

Old Herzegovina is a historical region in Montenegro, which is not part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Old Montenegro

Old Montenegro (Стара Црна Гора) is a geo-historical part of the modern Republic of Montenegro.

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Old Royal Capital Cetinje

Old Royal Capital Cetinje is one of the territorial subdivisions of Montenegro.

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Old-growth forest

An old-growth forest (also termed primary forest, virgin forest, primeval forest, late seral forest, or in Britain, ancient woodland) is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community.

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Opština

Opština, Obshtina, Občina or Općina, Cyrillic општина or община, is most commonly translated as municipality in English.

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Operetta

Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.

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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization.

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Orjen

Orjen (Cyrillic: Орјен) is a Dinaric Mediterranean limestone mountain range in Montenegro-Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Orthodoxy in Montenegro

Eastern Orthodoxy is one of the three main religions in Montenegro, and the largest.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti) which is also known as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was an empire founded in 1299 by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia.

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Our Lady of the Rocks

Our Lady of the Rocks (Gospa od Škrpjela) is one of the two islets off the coast of Perast in Bay of Kotor, Montenegro (the other being Sveti Đorđe Island).

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Outline of Montenegro

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Montenegro: Montenegro – sovereign country located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.

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Paštrovići

The Paštrovići (Serbian Cyrillic: Паштровићи) is a coastal tribe in Montenegro.

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Parliament of Montenegro

The Parliament of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Скупштина Црне Горе / Skupština Crne Gore) is the unicameral legislature of Montenegro.

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Parliamentary republic

A parliamentary republic or parliamentary constitutional republic is a type of republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).

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Peko Dapčević

Petar "Peko" Dapčević (25 June 1913, Cetinje – 13 February 1999) was a famous Yugoslav communist who fought as volunteer in the Spanish Civil War, joined the Partisan uprising in Montenegro, and became commander of the Yugoslav 1st and 4th Armies.

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People's Party (Montenegro)

The People's Party (Народна странка, НС/Narodna Stranka, NS) is an opposition populist political party in Montenegro.

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Perast

Perast (Montenegrin and Пераст,, Perasto) is an old town on the Bay of Kotor in Montenegro.

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Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council

The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5, include the following five governments: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

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Petar I Petrović Njegoš

Petar I Petrović Njegoš (Петар I Петровић Његош; 1747–1830) was the ruler of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro as the Metropolitan (vladika) of Cetinje, and Exarch (legate) of the Serbian Orthodox Church throne.

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Petar II Petrović-Njegoš

Petar II Petrović-Njegoš (Петар II Петровић-Његош,; –), commonly referred to simply as Njegoš, was a Prince-Bishop (vladika) of Montenegro, poet and philosopher whose works are widely considered some of the most important in Montenegrin and Serbian literature.

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Petnjica Municipality

Petnjica Municipality (Opština Petnjica / Општина Петњица) is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Petrović-Njegoš dynasty

The Petrović-Njegoš (Montenegrin and Петровић-Његош) was the ruling family of Montenegro from 1696 to 1918, but the deposition was real only in 1921.

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Pierce Brosnan

Pierce Brendan Brosnan (born 16 May 1953) is an Irish/American actor, film producer and environmentalist who after leaving comprehensive school at age 16, began training in commercial illustration.

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Plain

In geography, a plain is a flat area.

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Plav Municipality

Plav Municipality (Montenegrin and Општина Плав, Komuna e Plavës) is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Pliny the Elder

Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23 – August 25, AD 79), better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian.

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Pljevlja

Pljevlja (Пљевља) is a town and the center of Pljevlja Municipality located in the northern part of Montenegro.

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Pljevlja Municipality

Pljevlja Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Plužine Municipality

Plužine Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Podgorica

Podgorica (Montenegrin: Podgorica (Cyrillic: Подгорица),, lit. "under the small hill") is the capital and largest city of Montenegro.

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Podgorica Airport

Podgorica Airport (Montenegrin: Аеродром Подгорица / Aerodrom Podgorica) is an international airport serving the Montenegrin capital of Podgorica and the surrounding region.

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Podgorica Assembly

The Podgorica Assembly (Serbian: Подгоричка скупштина / Podgorička skupština), in full the Great National Assembly of the Serb People in Montenegro (Serbian: Велика Народна Скупштина Српског Народа у Црној Гори / Velika Narodna Skupština Srpskog Naroda u Crnoj Gori), was an assembly held in Podgorica that served as the representative body of the Montenegrin people during the Creation of Yugoslavia in late 1918 and early 1919.

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Podgorica Capital City

Podgorica Capital City (Montenegrin: Glavni grad Podgorica, Главни град Подгорица) is one of the territorial subdivisions of Montenegro.

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Podgorica City Stadium

Podgorica City Stadium (Montenegrin: Stadion pod Goricom) is an all - seater multi-purpose stadium in Podgorica, Montenegro.

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Port of Bar

The Port of Bar (Montenegrin: Luka Bar, Лука Бар, MNSE) is Montenegro's main sea port.

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Porto Montenegro

Porto Montenegro is a luxury yacht marina and adjacent waterfront development under construction in Tivat, Montenegro.

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President of Montenegro

The President of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Predśednik Crne Gore) is the head of state of Montenegro.

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President of the Parliament of Montenegro

The President of the Parliament of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Predśednik Skupštine Crne Gore / Предćедник Скупштине Црне Горе) is the presiding officer of the Parliament.

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Prime Minister of Montenegro

The Prime Minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Premijer Crne Gore) (Premier of Montenegro), is the head of the Government of Montenegro.

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Principality

A principality (or princedom) can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or by a monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince.

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Principality of Montenegro

The Principality of Montenegro (Књажевина Црнa Горa/Knjaževina Crna Gora) was a former realm in Southeastern Europe that existed from 13 March 1852 to 28 August 1910.

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Principality of Zeta

The Principality of Zeta was a medieval state ruled by the families of Balšić, Lazarević, Branković and Crnojević in succession from the second half of the 14th century until the Ottoman vassalage in 1514.

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Prokletije

Prokletije (Проклетије, Bjeshkët e Namuna, both translated as "cursed mountains") is a mountain range on the western Balkan peninsula, extending from northern Albania to Kosovo and eastern Montenegro.

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Ptolemy

Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos,; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Egyptian writer of Alexandria, known as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.

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Purchasing power parity

Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.

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Raška (region)

Raška (Рашка) or Old Raška (Стара Рашка) is a region in south-central Serbia and northern Montenegro.

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Ranko Krivokapić

Ranko Krivokapić (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Ранко Кривокапић) is the Speaker of the Parliament of Montenegro and the President of the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro (SDP).

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Recession

In economics, a recession is a business cycle contraction.

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Referendum

A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.

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Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006)

The Republic of Montenegro (Република Црна Гора, Republika Crna Gora) was a constituent country of Serbia and Montenegro between 1992 and 2006.

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Republic of Venice

The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia; Repùblica Vèneta), or traditionally known as the Most Serene Republic of Venice, was a state originating from the lagoon communities in the area of Venice, now northeastern Italy.

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Reuters

Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in Canary Wharf, London, England, United Kingdom and a division of Thomson Reuters.

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Rex Stout

Rex Todhunter Stout (December 1, 1886—October 27, 1975) was an American writer noted for his detective fiction, particularly the 33 novels and about 40 novellas that featured the detective Nero Wolfe and his assistant Archie Goodwin between 1934 and 1975.

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Rijeka

Rijeka (Reka; Italian and Fiume /; Pflaum) is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia (after Zagreb and Split).

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Rožaje Municipality

Rožaje Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bar

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bar is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Montenegro.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Kotor

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Kotor (Croatian, Montenegrin and Serbian: Kotorska biskupija) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Bay of Kotor area in Montenegro.

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Roman Catholicism in Croatia

Roman Catholicism in Croatia is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

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Roman Catholicism in Montenegro

The Catholic Church in Montenegro is a part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romanesque architecture

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.

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Romani language

Romani (also Romany, Gypsy, or Gipsy; romani ćhib) is any of several languages of the Romani people belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Romani people

The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group living mostly in Europe and the Americas, who originate from the northwestern regions of the Indian subcontinent.

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Romanian language

Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: română, limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language spoken by around 24 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.

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Rule of law

The rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials.

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Russians

Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Russia, who speak the Russian language and primarily live in Russia. They are the most numerous ethnic group in Russia constituting more than 80% of the country's population according to the census of 2010, and the most numerous ethnic group in Europe.

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Sanjak

Sanjaks (سنجاق) were administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire.

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Sava Kovačević

Sava Kovačević (Сава Ковачевић; January 25, 1905 – June 13, 1943) was a Yugoslav Partisan commander during World War II.

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Savez Izviđača Crne Gore

Savez Izviđača Crne Gore (Montenegrin: Savez Izviđača Crne Gore/Савез Извиђача Црне Горе) is the national Scouting organization of Montenegro.

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Savina Monastery, Montenegro

Savina Monastery (Савина, meaning "Sava's monastery") is a Serbian Orthodox monastery of three churches near the city Herceg Novi in the Bay of Kotor, located in thick Mediterranean vegetation in one of the most beautiful parts of the northern Montenegrin coast.

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Serbia

Serbia (Србија, Srbija), officially the Republic of Serbia (Република Србија, Republika Srbija), is a sovereign state situated at the crossroads between Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans.

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Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia and Montenegro was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining republics of Yugoslavia after its breakup in 1991.

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Serbian Despotate

The Serbian Despotate (Српска деспотовина/Srpska despotovina) was a Serbian state, the last to be conquered by the Ottoman Empire.

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Serbian Empire

The Serbian Empire (Српско Царство / Srpsko Carstvo) is a historiographical term for the empire in the Balkan peninsula that emerged from the medieval Serbian Kingdom.

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Serbian language

Serbian (српски, Latin: srpski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used chiefly by Serbs in Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Serbian Orthodox Church

The Serbian Orthodox Church (Српска православна црква / Srpska pravoslavna crkva) is one of the autocephalous Orthodox Christian churches.

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Serbians

Serbians (Serbian, Bosnian: Србијанци/Srbijanci; Hungarian: Szerbek) typically is used as a demonym of the people of Serbia of any ethnic heritage, be they Serb, Croat, Hungarian, or Albanian.

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Serbo-Croatian

Serbo-Croatian, also called Serbo-Croat, Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.

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Serbs

The Serbs (Срби/Srbi) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group native to the Balkans.

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Serbs of Montenegro

Montenegrin Serbs (Crnogorski Srbi/Црногорcки Cрби) or Serbs of Montenegro, compose the second largest ethnic group in Montenegro (28.7% of country's population), after the Montenegrins.

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Shkodër

Shkodër (Shkodra, for other names see the etymology section), also called Skadar is a city and municipality in northwestern Albania and the seat of the county with the same name.

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Shtokavian dialect

Shtokavian or Štokavian (štokavski / штокавски) is the prestige dialect of the pluricentric Serbo-Croatian language, and the basis of its Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Montenegrin standards.

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Slavko Dedić

Slavko Dedić is a Montenegrin chess player.

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Slavs

The Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group living in Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, North Asia and Central Asia, who speak the Indo-European Slavic languages, and share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits and historical backgrounds.

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Slobodan Milošević

Slobodan Milošević (Слободан Милошевић; 20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was a Serbian and Yugoslav politician who was the President of Serbia (originally the Socialist Republic of Serbia, a constituent republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) from 1989 to 1997 and President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000.

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Slovene language

Slovene or Slovenian (slovenski jezik or slovenščina, not to be confused with slovenčina, the native name of Slovak) belongs to the group of South Slavic languages.

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Slovenes

The Slovenes, Slovene people, Slovenians, or Slovenian people (Slovenci) are a South Slavic ethnic group living in historical Slovene lands, surrounded by German-speaking Austrians to the north, Italian-speaking and Friulan-speaking neighbours to the west, a Hungarian-speaking population to the northeast, and Slavic Croatian-speakers to the south and southeast.

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Social justice

Social justice is "justice in terms of the distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within a society".

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Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was the Yugoslav state that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.

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Socialist Republic of Montenegro

Socialist Republic of Montenegro (Socijalistička Republika Crna Gora, Социјалистичка Република Црна Гора), or SR Montenegro in shortened form, was one of the 6 republics forming the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

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South Slavs

The South Slavs are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who speak the South Slavic languages.

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Sovereign state

In international law, a sovereign state is a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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Special forces

Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to perform unconventional missions.

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Sport of athletics

The sport of athletics is an exclusive collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking.

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Standing army

A standing army is a permanent, often professional, army.

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Statehood Day (Montenegro)

Statehood Day (Montenegrin: Dan državnosti) is a holiday that occurs every year on July 13 in Montenegro to commemorate the day in 1878 on which the Berlin Congress recognized Montenegro as the twenty-seventh independent state in the world, and that in 1941 the Montenegrins staged an uprising against the Nazi occupiers and sided with the partisan communist movement.

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Stefan Nemanja

Stefan Nemanja (Стефан Немања,; 1113 – 13 February 1199) was the Grand Prince (Veliki Župan) of the Serbian Grand Principality (also known as Rascia) from 1166 to 1196.

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Stefan Vojislav

Stefan Vojislav (Стефан Војислав, Στέφανος Βοϊσθλάβος; 1018–d. 1043) was the Prince of Duklja from 1040 to 1043.

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Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his father-in-law Abu Bakr.

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Sveti Stefan

Sveti Stefan,, now Aman Sveti Stefan including the Villa Miločer (formerly Sveti Stefan Hotel) ("Saint Stephen"; Cyrillc: Свети Стефан, Santo Stefano) is a small islet and hotel resort in Montenegro, approximately southeast of Budva.

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Svetozar Vukmanović

Svetozar "Tempo" Vukmanović (Светозар Вукмановић Темпо) (14 August 1912 in Podgora village near Cetinje, Kingdom of Montenegro – 6 December 2000 in Reževići village near Budva, Montenegro, FR Yugoslavia) was a leading Montenegrin communist and member of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia.

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Table tennis

Table tennis, also known as ping pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using a small, round bat.

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Tara River Canyon

The Tara River Canyon Montenegrin: Kanjon rijeke Tare), also known as the Tara River Gorge, is the longest canyon in Montenegro. It is long and is at its deepest, making it the deepest river canyon in Europe. The canyon is protected as a part of Durmitor National Park and is a tentative UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Tara River cuts through the canyon. The Tara River, at its end making confluence with Piva, becomes the Drina, and is some hundred and fifty kilometres long. In its passage through the Tara National Park, the river has a mean fall of 3.6 metres/kilometre, making a host of waterfalls and cascades possible, thus creating with its uniqueness The Montenegrian Colorado. All along its flow, the Tara gets large quantities of water from numerous sources, and quite a few tributaries. The most important tributaries on the left bank of the Tara are Ljutica and Susica, and the most important tributaries on the right bank are Vaskovaska rijeka and Draga. The most important source is the source Bajlovica sige, a source placed on the left bank of the Tara river, giving to the Tara a few hundred litres per second, where the water sourcing from the Bucevica cave falls into the Tara more than thirty metres high, and more than a hundred and fifty metres wide. Very special are the Tara cascades. The roar from the cascades is heard on the very peaks of the canyon. There are more than forty cascades, the most famous being Djavolje lazi, Sokolovina, Bijeli kamen, Gornji tepacki buk, Donji tepacki buk. Because of the quality of its water, and because of its unique ecological system, Tara in 1977 was put into the programme “Covjek i biosfera” (People and Biosphere) and inscribed into the ecological biosphere reservations of the World, being thus protected under an internationally issued convention. There are rocky and pebbly terraces, sandy beaches, high cliffs, and more than 80 large caves along the canyon.

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Telecommunications in Montenegro

Telecommunications in Montenegro includes radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

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Telephone numbers in Montenegro

This is a list of dialing codes by town in Montenegro.

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Tertiary sector of the economy

The tertiary sector of the economy (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three economic sectors, the others being the secondary sector (approximately the same as manufacturing) and the primary sector (agriculture, fishing, and extraction such as mining).

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The Big Picture (2010 film)

The Big Picture (French original title L'Homme qui voulait vivre sa vie - "The man who wanted to live his life"), is a 2010 French psychological thriller directed by Eric Lartigau, and starring Romain Duris, Marina Foïs, Niels Arestrup and Catherine Deneuve.

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The Black Mountain

The Black Mountain is a Nero Wolfe detective novel by Rex Stout, first published by the Viking Press in 1954.

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The Brothers Bloom

The Brothers Bloom is a 2008 American caper comedy film written and directed by Rian Johnson.

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The Dark Side of the Sun

The Dark Side of the Sun is a science fiction novel by Terry Pratchett, first published in 1976.

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The Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional town of West Egg on prosperous Long Island in the summer of 1922.

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The Merry Widow

The Merry Widow (Die lustige Witwe) is an operetta by the Austro-Hungarian composer Franz Lehár.

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The November Man

The November Man is a 2014 American spy thriller based on the novel There Are No Spies by Bill Granger, which is canonically the seventh installment in The November Man novel series, published in 1987.

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Theocracy

Theocracy, according to the dictionary, is the "government of a state by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided." The Oxford English Dictionary has this definition.

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Tirana

Tirana (Standard Tiranë; regional Gheg Albanian: Tirona) is the capital and largest city of Albania.

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Tivat Airport

Tivat Airport (Montenegrin Аеродром Тиват, Aerodrom Tivat) is an international airport serving the Montenegrin coastal town of Tivat and the surrounding region.

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Tivat Municipality

Tivat Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Transition economy

A transition economy or transitional economy is an economy which is changing from a centrally planned economy to a market economy.

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Travunija

Travunija or Travunia (Травунија, Travunija, Τερβουνια, Terbounia) was a medieval region, administrative unit and principality, which was part of Medieval Serbia (850–1371), and in its last years, the Bosnian Kingdom (1373–1482).

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Treaty of Berlin (1878)

The Treaty of Berlin was the final act of the Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13 July 1878), by which the United Kingdom, Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Abdul Hamid II revised the Treaty of San Stefano signed on 3 March the same year.

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True People's Party (historical)

The True People's Party (Права народна странка/Prava narodna stranka), known as pravaši, was a political party in the Principality of Montenegro, led by Lazar Mijušković, that represented the government and rule of Prince Nikola of Montenegro.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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Turkish people

Turkish people (Türk milleti), or Turks (Türkler), are a Turkic ethnic group.

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Tuzi

Tuzi (Montenegrin, Bosnian: Tuzi, Тузи,; Albanian: Tuz) is a settlement in the Podgorica Municipality, Montenegro, located along a main road between the city of Podgorica and the Albanian border crossing, just a few kilometers north of Lake Skadar.

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Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori

Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori (Убавој нам Црној Гори, To Our Beautiful Montenegro) was the national and state anthem of the Kingdom of Montenegro in the late 19th-early 20th century.

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Ulcinj

Ulcinj (Улцињ) or Ulqin (In sq)) is the southernmost town in Montenegro. The town of Ulcinj has a population of 10,707 (2011 census) of which the majority are Albanians. Ulcinj is the centre of Ulcinj Municipality and the centre of the Albanian community in Montenegro. The Day of Ulcinj is held every first Saturday of April. It symbolizes the end of the collection of olives, the output of the sailors at the sea, and the beginning of the tourist season. Ulcinj is founding member of National Assembly of Albanian Municipalities created in 26 November 2012.

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Ulcinj Municipality

Ulcinj Municipality (Albanian: Komuna e Ulqinit; Montenegrin: Opština Ulcinj, Општина Улцињ) is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.

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Unicameralism

In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.

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Union for the Mediterranean

The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) is a multilateral partnership of 43 countries from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin: the 28 member states of the European Union and 15 Mediterranean partner countries from North Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Europe.

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University of Donja Gorica

The University of Donja Gorica (Montenegrin: Univerzitet Donja Gorica Универзитет Доња Горица), also known as simply UDG is a private university located in Donja Gorica, a suburb of Podgorica, Montenegro.

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University of Montenegro

The University of Montenegro (Univerzitet Crne Gore, Универзитет Црнe Горe) is a university located in Podgorica, Montenegro.

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Uprising in Montenegro

The Uprising in Montenegro (Устанак у Црној Гори) was a general and popular uprising against Italian occupation forces in Montenegro (Axis occupied Yugoslavia).

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Velika Plaža

Velika Plaža (Cyrillic: Велика Плажа,, Plazhi i Madh, Long Beach) is a beach in Ulcinj Municipality, Montenegro.

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Veljko Vlahović

Veljko Vlahović (1914 in Trmanje, Podgorica municipality - 1975) was a Montenegrin member of the Yugoslav Communist Party from 1935.

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Venetian

Venetian may refer to.

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Venetian language

Venetian or Venetan (Venetian: vèneto, vènet or łéngua vèneta) is a Romance language spoken as a native language by almost four million people,Ethnologue.

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Victory Day

Victory Day (also shortened as V-Day) is a common name of many different public holidays in various countries to commemorate victories in important battles or wars in the countries' history.

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Vijesti

Vijesti (English translation: The News) is a Montenegrin daily newspaper.

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VK Primorac Kotor

VK Primorac Kotor is a water polo club in Kotor, Montenegro.

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Vlado Dapčević

Vladimir "Vlado" Dapčević (14 June 1917 – 12 July 2001) was a Montenegrin and Yugoslav communist and a prominent stalinist, who fought as a Partisan against Axis occupation troops and forces of the Independent State of Croatia during World War II.

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Vojislavljević dynasty

The Vojislavljević (pl.) Војислављевићи, Vojislavljevići) was a Serbian medieval dynasty, named after archon Stefan Vojislav, who wrestled the polities of Duklja, Travunia, Zahumlje, Rascia and Bosnia from the Byzantines in the mid-11th century.

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Volleyball

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.

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Warsaw

Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.

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Water polo

Water polo is a team water sport.

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Water polo at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Water polo at the 2008 Summer Olympics was held from 10 August to 24 August 2008 at the Ying Tung Natatorium in Beijing, People's Republic of China.

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World Bank

The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.

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World Heritage Site

A World Heritage Site is a place (such as a building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, or mountain) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as being of special cultural or physical significance.

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World Intellectual Property Organization

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations.

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World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Yugoslav Partisans

Yugoslav PartisansSerbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Partizani, Партизани or the National Liberation Army,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska (NOV), Народноослободилачка војска (НОВ); Народноослободителна војска (НОВ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska (NOV) officially the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV i POJ), Народноослободилачка војска и партизански одреди Југославије (НОВ и ПОЈ); Народноослободителна војска и партизански одреди на Југославија (НОВ и ПОЈ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV in POJ) was Europe's most effective anti-Nazi resistance movement, often compared to the Polish resistance movement, albeit the latter was an exceptional, non-communist autonomic movement.

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Yugoslav Wars

The Yugoslav Wars were ethnic conflicts fought from 1991 to 2001 inside the territory of the former Yugoslavia.

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Yugoslavia

'Yugoslavia' (Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Jugoslavija, Југославија), once spelled and called "Jugoslavia", was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century.

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Yugoslavs

Yugoslavs (Serbian and Macedonian: Југословени; Croatian and Bosnian: Jugoslaveni; Slovene: Jugoslovani) is a designation that was originally designed to refer to a united South Slav people.

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Zeta

Zeta (uppercase Ζ, lowercase ζ; ζήτα, classical or zḗta, zíta) is the sixth letter of the Greek alphabet.

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Zeta (crown land)

Zeta (Зета) was a medieval region and province of the Serbian Grand Principality, Kingdom, and Empire.

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Zeta (river)

Zeta (Cyrillic: Зета) is a river in Montenegro.

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Zeta Banovina

The Zeta Banovina or Zeta Banate (Serbo-Croatian: Зетска бановина/Zetska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941.

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Zla Kolata

Zla Kolata (Montenegrin: Зла Колата, Zla Kolata; Kollata e Keqe) is a mountain of the Prokletije on the border of Montenegro and Albania.

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.me

.me is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Montenegro.

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18th meridian east

The meridian 18° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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2008 Summer Olympics

The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Beijing, China, from 8 to 24 August 2008.

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2009 FINA Men's Water Polo World League

The 2009 FINA Men's Water Polo World League was the eighth edition of the annual event, organised by the world's governing body in aquatics, the FINA.

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21st meridian east

The meridian 21° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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41st parallel north

The 41st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 41 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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44th parallel north

The 44th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 44 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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Redirects here:

Cernogoria, Crna Gora, Etymology of Montenegro, ISO 3166-1:ME, Mali I Zi, Montenengro, Montinegro, Montonegro, Monténégro, Muntenegru, Name of Montenegro, Orlina, Republic of Montinegro, Republika Crna Gora, Република Црна Гора, Црна Гора.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montenegro

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