66 relations: Affine sphere, Alexandroff extension, Ball (mathematics), Circle, Circle group, Closed set, Conformal geometry, Conformal map, Connected space, Constant curvature, Dimension, Disk (mathematics), Dover Publications, Euclidean space, Exotic sphere, Gamma function, Gegenbauer polynomials, Hausdorff measure, Hodge dual, Homeomorphism, Homology sphere, Homotopy groups of spheres, Homotopy sphere, Hopf fibration, Hyperbolic group, Hypercube, Integral, Inversive geometry, Jacobian matrix and determinant, Leech lattice, Line segment, Loop (topology), Manifold, Mathematics, Möbius transformation, Meridian (perimetry, visual field), Natural number, Normal distribution, Octonion, Open set, Orthogonal group, Polar coordinate system, Prentice Hall, Quasigroup, Quaternionic projective space, Real number, Real projective line, Riemann sphere, Sign (mathematics), Simply connected space, ..., Sphere, Sphere packing, Spherical cap, Spherical coordinate system, Spherical harmonics, Spherical shell, Stereographic projection, Suspension (topology), Symplectic group, Topology, Uniform distribution (continuous), Volume element, Volume form, Volume of an n-ball, Wendel's theorem, 3-sphere. Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
In mathematics, and especially differential geometry, an affine sphere is a hypersurface for which the affine normals all intersect in a single point.
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In mathematical field of topology, the Alexandroff extension is a way to extend a noncompact topological space by adjoining a single point in such a way that the resulting space is compact.
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In mathematics, a ball is the space inside a sphere.
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A circle is a simple shape in Euclidean geometry.
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In mathematics, the circle group, denoted by T, is the multiplicative group of all complex numbers with absolute value 1, i.e., the unit circle in the complex plane or simply the unit complex numbers The circle group forms a subgroup of C×, the multiplicative group of all nonzero complex numbers.
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In geometry, topology, and related branches of mathematics, a closed set is a set whose complement is an open set.
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In mathematics, conformal geometry is the study of the set of angle-preserving (conformal) transformations on a space.
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In mathematics, a conformal map is a function that preserves angles locally.
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In topology and related branches of mathematics, a connected space is a topological space that cannot be represented as the union of two or more disjoint nonempty open subsets.
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In mathematics, constant curvature is a concept from differential geometry.
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In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.
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In geometry, a disk (also spelled disc).
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Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.
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In geometry, Euclidean space encompasses the two-dimensional Euclidean plane, the three-dimensional space of Euclidean geometry, and certain other spaces.
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In differential topology, an exotic sphere is a differentiable manifold M that is homeomorphic but not diffeomorphic to the standard Euclidean n-sphere.
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In mathematics, the gamma function (represented by the capital Greek letter Γ) is an extension of the factorial function, with its argument shifted down by 1, to real and complex numbers.
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In mathematics, Gegenbauer polynomials or ultraspherical polynomials C(x) are orthogonal polynomials on the interval with respect to the weight function (1 − x2)α–1/2.
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In mathematics a Hausdorff measure is a type of outer measure, named for Felix Hausdorff, that assigns a number in to each set in Rn or, more generally, in any metric space.
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In mathematics, the Hodge star operator or Hodge dual is an important linear map introduced in general by W. V. D. Hodge.
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In the mathematical field of topology, a homeomorphism or topological isomorphism or bi continuous function is a continuous function between topological spaces that has a continuous inverse function.
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In algebraic topology, a homology sphere is an n-manifold X having the homology groups of an n-sphere, for some integer n ≥ 1.
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In the mathematical field of algebraic topology, the homotopy groups of spheres describe how spheres of various dimensions can wrap around each other.
In algebraic topology, a branch of mathematics, a homotopy sphere is an n-manifold that is homotopy equivalent to the n-sphere.
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In the mathematical field of topology, the Hopf fibration (also known as the Hopf bundle or Hopf map) describes a 3-sphere (a hypersphere in four-dimensional space) in terms of circles and an ordinary sphere.
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In group theory, a hyperbolic group, also known as a word hyperbolic group, Gromov hyperbolic group, negatively curved group is a finitely generated group equipped with a word metric satisfying certain properties characteristic of hyperbolic geometry.
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In geometry, a hypercube is an n-dimensional analogue of a square (n.
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The integral is an important concept in mathematics.
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In geometry, inversive geometry is the study of those properties of figures that are preserved by a generalization of a type of transformation of the Euclidean plane, called inversion.
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In vector calculus, the Jacobian matrix is the matrix of all first-order partial derivatives of a vector-valued function.
In mathematics, the Leech lattice is an even unimodular lattice Λ24 in 24-dimensional Euclidean space.
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In geometry, a line segment is a part of a line that is bounded by two distinct end points, and contains every point on the line between its end points.
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A loop in mathematics, in a topological space X is a continuous function f from the unit interval I.
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In mathematics, a manifold is a topological space that resembles Euclidean space near each point.
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Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.
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In geometry and complex analysis, a Möbius transformation of the plane is a rational function of the form of one complex variable z; here the coefficients a, b, c, d are complex numbers satisfying ad − bc ≠ 0.
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Meridian (plural: "meridians") is used in perimetry and in specifying visual fields.
In mathematics, the natural numbers (sometimes called the whole numbers): "whole number An integer, though sometimes it is taken to mean only non-negative integers, or just the positive integers." give definitions of "whole number" under several headwords: INTEGER … Syn. whole number.
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In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian) distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution.
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In mathematics, the octonions are a normed division algebra over the real numbers, usually represented by the capital letter O, using boldface O or blackboard bold \mathbb O. There are only four such algebras, the other three being the real numbers R, the complex numbers C, and the quaternions H. The octonions are the largest such algebra, with eight dimensions; twice the number of dimensions of the quaternions, of which they are an extension.
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In topology, an open set is an abstract concept generalizing the idea of an open interval in the real line.
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In mathematics, the orthogonal group in dimension, denoted, is the group of distance-preserving transformations of a Euclidean space of dimension that preserve a fixed point, where the group operation is given by composing transformations.
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In mathematics, the polar coordinate system is a two-dimensional coordinate system in which each point on a plane is determined by a distance from a reference point and an angle from a reference direction.
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Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson PLC.
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In mathematics, especially in abstract algebra, a quasigroup is an algebraic structure resembling a group in the sense that "division" is always possible.
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In mathematics, quaternionic projective space is an extension of the ideas of real projective space and complex projective space, to the case where coordinates lie in the ring of quaternions H. Quaternionic projective space of dimension n is usually denoted by and is a closed manifold of (real) dimension 4n.
In mathematics, a real number is a value that represents a quantity along a continuous line.
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In geometry, a real projective line is an extension of the usual concept of line that has been historically introduced to solve a problem set by visual perspective: two parallel lines do not intersect but seem to intersect "at infinity".
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In mathematics, the Riemann sphere, named after the 19th century mathematician Bernhard Riemann, is a model of the extended complex plane, the complex plane plus a point at infinity.
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In mathematics, the concept of sign originates from the property of every non-zero real number to be positive or negative.
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In topology, a topological space is called simply-connected (or 1-connected) if it is path-connected and every path between two points can be continuously transformed, staying within the space, into any other such path while preserving the two endpoints in question (see below for an informal discussion).
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A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball, (viz., analogous to a circular object in two dimensions).
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In geometry, a sphere packing is an arrangement of non-overlapping spheres within a containing space.
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In geometry, a spherical cap or spherical dome is a portion of a sphere cut off by a plane.
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In mathematics, a spherical coordinate system is a coordinate system for three-dimensional space where the position of a point is specified by three numbers: the radial distance of that point from a fixed origin, its polar angle measured from a fixed zenith direction, and the azimuth angle of its orthogonal projection on a reference plane that passes through the origin and is orthogonal to the zenith, measured from a fixed reference direction on that plane.
In mathematics, spherical harmonics are a series of special functions defined on the surface of a sphere used to solve some kinds of differential equations.
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In geometry, a spherical shell is a generalization of an annulus to three dimensions.
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In geometry, the stereographic projection is a particular mapping (function) that projects a sphere onto a plane.
In topology, the suspension SX of a topological space X is the quotient space: of the product of X with the unit interval I.
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In mathematics, the name symplectic group can refer to two different, but closely related, collections of mathematical groups, denoted and.
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In mathematics, topology (from the Greek τόπος, place, and λόγος, study), is the study of topological spaces.
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In probability theory and statistics, the continuous uniform distribution or rectangular distribution is a family of symmetric probability distributions such that for each member of the family, all intervals of the same length on the distribution's support are equally probable.
In mathematics, a volume element provides a means for integrating a function with respect to volume in various coordinate systems such as spherical coordinates and cylindrical coordinates.
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In mathematics, a volume form on a differentiable manifold is a nowhere-vanishing top-dimensionial form (i.e., a differential form of top degree).
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In geometry, a ball is a region in space consisting of all points within a fixed distance from a fixed point.
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In geometric probability theory, Wendel's theorem, named after James G. Wendel, gives the probability that N points distributed uniformly at random on an ''n''-dimensional hypersphere all lie on the same "half" of the hypersphere.
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In mathematics, a 3-sphere (also called a glome) is a higher-dimensional analogue of a sphere.
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0-sphere, 10-sphere, 4-sphere, 5-sphere, 6-sphere, 7-sphere, 8-sphere, 9-sphere, Area of the n-sphere, Circle (topology), Four-dimensional sphere, Hyper sphere, Hyperspheres, Hyperspherical coordinates, N sphere, N-Sphere, N-spheres, N‑sphere, Volume of the n-sphere.