22 relations: Amine, Aspartame, Aspartic acid, Calorie, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Clearance (medicine), E number, Ester, Esterase, Food and Drug Administration, Food Standards Agency, Hydrolysis, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Metabolism, Methanol, Methyl group, NutraSweet, Phenylalanine, Phenylketonuria, Protease, Sucrose, Sugar substitute.
Amines (US: or, UK:, or) are organic compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
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Aspartame (APM; or) is an artificial, non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages.
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Aspartic acid (abbreviated as Asp or D).
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The name calorie is used for two units of energy.
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The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit watchdog and consumer advocacy group that advocates for safer and healthier foods.
In medicine, the clearance is a pharmacokinetic measurement of the renal excretion ability, that is, the rate at which waste substances are cleared from the blood.
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E numbers are codes for substances that can be used as food additives for use within the European Union and Switzerland.
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In chemistry, esters are chemical compounds derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one -OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an -O-alkyl (alkoxy) group.
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An esterase is a hydrolase enzyme that splits esters into an acid and an alcohol in a chemical reaction with water called hydrolysis.
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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
The Food Standards Agency is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
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Hydrolysis usually means the cleavage of chemical bonds by the addition of water.
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The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms.
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A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
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The NutraSweet Company makes and sells NutraSweet, their trademarked brand name for the artificial sweeteners aspartame and neotame.
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Phenylalanine (abbreviated as Phe or F) is an α-amino acid with the formula C6H5CH2CH(NH2)COOH.
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Phenylketonuria (PKU) (phenyl + ketone + -uria) is an inborn error of metabolism involving impaired metabolism of phenylalanine, one of the amino acids.
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A protease (also called peptidase or proteinase) is any enzyme that performs proteolysis, that is, begins protein catabolism by hydrolysis of the peptide bonds that link amino acids together in a polypeptide chain.
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Sucrose is a common, naturally occurring carbohydrate found in many plants and plant parts.
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A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.
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