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Nine Lessons and Carols

The Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols is a service of Christian worship celebrating the birth of Jesus that is traditionally followed at Christmas. [1]

162 relations: Adam lay ybounden, Alexander Goehr, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, American Public Media, Angels from the Realms of Glory, Angelus Silesius, Anglican church music, Anglicanism, Ante-chapel, Anthem, Antiphon, Archbishop of Canterbury, Arthur Henry Mann, Arvo Pärt, Away in a Manger, BBC, BBC Four, BBC News, BBC Online, BBC Radio 3, BBC Radio 4, BBC Two, BBC World Service, Bertolt Brecht, Bible, Bidding-prayer, Bishop of Edinburgh, Bishop of Truro, Book of Genesis, Boris Ord, Boy soprano, Brett Dean, Cambridge, Carl Vine, Cecil Frances Alexander, Charles Wesley, Choir (architecture), Choir of King's College, Cambridge, Choral scholar, Christian, Christina Rossetti, Christmas, Christmas carol, Christmas Eve, Church of England, Clement Paman, Collect, Cornwall, David Briggs (English musician), David Willcocks, ..., Dean (Christianity), Descant, Diana Burrell, Diane Meredith Belcher, Dominic Muldowney, Dorothy L. Sayers, E'en So, Lord Jesus, Quickly Come, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edward Benson (bishop), Einojuhani Rautavaara, Eric Milner-White, Es ist ein Ros entsprungen, Eton College, Faber and Faber, Felix Mendelssohn, Francis Pott (composer), Frederick Oakeley, Gabriel Jackson (composer), George Mackay Brown, George Whitefield, George Wither, Giles Swayne, God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen, Gospel of John, Gospel of Luke, Gospel of Matthew, Groton School, Groton, Massachusetts, Hanover, New Hampshire, Hark! The Herald Angels Sing, Harrison Birtwistle, Henry Gauntlett, Henry Vaughan, Henry VI of England, Hieronymus Praetorius, Hymn, I syng of a mayden, In dulci jubilo, In the Bleak Midwinter, Infant Holy, Infant Lowly, Isaiah, James MacMillan, James Montgomery (poet), Jesus, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Casken, John Francis Wade, John Rutter, John Tavener, John Taylor (bishop of Winchester), John Woolrich, Jonathan Dove, Jonathan Harvey (composer), Judith Bingham, Judith Weir, Kevin Crossley-Holland, King James Version, King's College Chapel, Cambridge, King's College, Cambridge, La Nativité du Seigneur, Lancelot Andrewes, Latin, Lay clerk, Lennox Berkeley, List of carols at the Nine Lessons and Carols, King's College Chapel, Magnificat, Mark-Anthony Turnage, Massachusetts, Messiah, Michael Hamburger, Nicholas Maw, O Come, All ye Faithful, Olivier Messiaen, Once in Royal David's City, Organist, Original sin, Oxford University Press, Peter Maxwell Davies, Peter Sculthorpe, Philip Ledger, Piae Cantiones, Porter (college), Processional hymn, Provost (education), Ralph Vaughan Williams, Richard Rodney Bennett, Richard Watson Gilder, Robert Herrick (poet), Robin Holloway, Russian language, Somerset Walpole, Stained glass, Stephen Cleobury, Stephen Paulus, Stephen Plaice, Tansy Davies, The Daily Telegraph, The Guardian, The Lamb (Tavener), The Musical Times, Thea Musgrave, Thomas Adès, Thomas Ravenscroft, Trinity College, Cambridge, Truro Cathedral, Tudor period, Undergraduate education, Unto Us is Born a Son, Walter de la Mare, William Blake, World War II, Worship. Expand index (112 more) »

Adam lay ybounden

"Adam lay ybounden", originally titled Adam lay i-bowndyn is a 15th-century macaronic English text of unknown authorship.

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Alexander Goehr

Alexander Goehr (born 10 August 1932) is an English composer and academic.

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Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson, FRS (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.

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American Public Media

American Public Media (APM) is the second largest producer of public radio programs in the United States of America after NPR.

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Angels from the Realms of Glory

"Angels from the Realms of Glory" is a Christmas carol written by Scottish poet James Montgomery.

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Angelus Silesius

Angelus Silesius (– 9 July 1677), born Johann Scheffler and also known as Johann Angelus Silesius, was a German Catholic priest and physician, known as a mystic and religious poet.

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Anglican church music

Anglican church music is music that is written for liturgical worship in Anglican church services.

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Anglicanism

Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.

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Ante-chapel

Ante-chapel is the term given to that portion of a chapel which lies on the western side of the choir screen.

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Anthem

An anthem is a musical composition of celebration, usually used as a symbol for a distinct group, particularly the national anthems of countries.

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Antiphon

An antiphon (Greek ἀντίφωνον, ἀντί "opposite" and φωνή "voice") in Christian music and ritual is a responsory by a choir or congregation, usually in the form of a Gregorian chant, to a psalm or other text in a religious service or musical work.

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Archbishop of Canterbury

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby. He is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", in the year 597. On 9 November 2012 it was officially announced that Welby, then the Bishop of Durham, had been appointed to succeed Rowan Williams as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury. His enthronement took place in Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. From the time of Augustine until the 16th century, the Archbishops of Canterbury were in full communion with the See of Rome and thus usually received the pallium. During the English Reformation the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily under Henry VIII and Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I. In the Middle Ages there was considerable variation in the methods of nomination of the Archbishop of Canterbury and other bishops. At various times the choice was made by the canons of Canterbury Cathedral, the Pope, or the King of England. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has been more explicitly a state church and the choice is legally that of the Crown; today it is made by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister, who receives a shortlist of two names from an "ad hoc" committee called the Crown Nominations Commission.

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Arthur Henry Mann

Arthur Henry Mann (16 May 1850, Norwich – 19 November 1929, Cambridge) was an English organist and composer of hymn tunes including "Angel's Story" which was originally written for the hymn 'I love to hear the story', but is also sung to the words 'O Jesus, I have promised.' He was most noted for his role as organist and director of music at King's College Chapel, Cambridge from 1876–1929, being the founder director of the world famous tradition of the Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols since its first performance in 1918.

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Arvo Pärt

Arvo Pärt (born 11 September 1935) is an Estonian composer of classical and sacred music.

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Away in a Manger

"Away in a Manger" is a Christmas carol first published in the late nineteenth century and used widely throughout the English-speaking world.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

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BBC Four

BBC Four is a British television channel operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and available to digital television viewers on Freeview, IPTV, satellite, and cable.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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BBC Online

BBC Online is the brand name and home for the BBC's UK online service.

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BBC Radio 3

BBC Radio 3 is a British radio network operated by the BBC.

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BBC Radio 4

BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.

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BBC Two

BBC Two is the second television channel operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands.

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BBC World Service

The BBC World Service is the world's largest international broadcaster, broadcasting news, speech and discussions in 28 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, FM and MW relays.

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Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht (born Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht; 10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956) was a German poet, playwright, and theatre director of the 20th century.

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Bible

The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.

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Bidding-prayer

A Bidding-prayer (O. Eng. biddan, "to pray", cf. Ger. beten) is the formula of prayer or exhortation to prayer said during worship in churches of the Anglican Communion.

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Bishop of Edinburgh

The Bishop of Edinburgh is the ordinary of the Scottish Episcopal Diocese of Edinburgh.

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Bishop of Truro

The Bishop of Truro is the ordinary (diocesan bishop) of the Church of England Diocese of Truro in the Province of Canterbury.

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Book of Genesis

The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek γένεσις, meaning "origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, Bərēšīṯ, "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Christian Old Testament.

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Boris Ord

Boris Ord (born Bernhard Ord) (July 9, 1897 - December 30, 1961) was organist and choirmaster of King's College, Cambridge between 1929 and 1957, save during World War II when he served in the Royal Air Force; Harold Darke deputised during that period.

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Boy soprano

A boy soprano is a young male singer with an unchanged voice in the soprano range.

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Brett Dean

Brett Dean (born 23 October 1961 in Brisbane) is a contemporary Australian composer, violist and conductor.

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Cambridge

The city of Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England.

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Carl Vine

Carl Vine, (born 8 October 1954), is an Australian composer of contemporary classical music.

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Cecil Frances Alexander

Cecil Frances Alexander (April 1818 – 12 October 1895), was a hymn-writer and poet.

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Charles Wesley

Charles Wesley (18 December 1707 – 29 March 1788) was an English leader of the Methodist movement, son of Anglican clergyman and poet Samuel Wesley, the younger brother of Methodist founder John Wesley and Anglican clergyman Samuel Wesley the Younger.

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Choir (architecture)

A choir, also sometimes spelled quire, is the area of a church or cathedral that provides seating for the clergy and church choir.

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Choir of King's College, Cambridge

The King's College Choir is one of today's most accomplished and renowned representatives of the great British choral tradition.

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Choral scholar

A choral scholar is a student either at a university or private school who receives a scholarship in exchange for singing in the school or university's choir.

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Christian

A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.

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Christina Rossetti

Christina Georgina Rossetti (5 December 1830 – 29 December 1894) was an English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children's poems.

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Christmas

Christmas or Christmas Day (Crīstesmæsse, meaning "Christ's Mass") is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas carol

A Christmas carol (also called a noël) is a carol (song or hymn) whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, and which is traditionally sung on Christmas itself or during the surrounding holiday season.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or day before Christmas Day, occurring on December 24 in Western Christianity and the secular world.

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Church of England

The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

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Clement Paman

Clement Paman (d.1664, Macmillian, 1901) was an English poet and clergyman of the 17th century sometimes associated with the Cavalier Poets in the tradition of Ben Jonson and Thomas Carew.

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Collect

The collect is a short general prayer of a particular structure used in Christian liturgy.

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Cornwall

Cornwall (or; Kernow) is a ceremonial county and unitary authority area of England within the United Kingdom.

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David Briggs (English musician)

David John Briggs (born November 1, 1962) is an English organist and composer.

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David Willcocks

Sir David Valentine Willcocks (30 December 1919 – 17 September 2015) was a British choral conductor, organist, composer and music administrator.

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Dean (Christianity)

A dean, in a church context, is a cleric holding certain positions of authority within a religious hierarchy.

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Descant

Descant, discant, or can refer to several different things in music, depending on the period in question; etymologically, the word means a voice (cantus) above or removed from others.

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Diana Burrell

Diana Burrell (born 25 October 1948) is an English composer.

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Diane Meredith Belcher

Diane Meredith Belcher (born 1960) is an American concert organist, teacher, and church musician.

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Dominic Muldowney

Dominic Muldowney (born 19 July 1952, Southampton) is a British composer.

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Dorothy L. Sayers

Dorothy Leigh Sayers (usually pronounced, although Sayers herself preferred and encouraged the use of her middle initial to facilitate this pronunciation; 13 June 1893 – 17 December 1957) was a renowned English crime writer, poet, playwright, essayist, translator, and Christian humanist.

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E'en So, Lord Jesus, Quickly Come

"E'en So, Lord Jesus, Quickly Come" is a 1953 motet composed by Paul Manz with lyrics adapted by Ruth Manz.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents.

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Edward Benson (bishop)

Edward White Benson (14 July 1829 – 11 October 1896) was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1883 until his death.

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Einojuhani Rautavaara

Einojuhani Rautavaara (born 9 October 1928) is a Finnish composer of contemporary classical music, and is one of the most notable Finnish composers after Jean Sibelius.

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Eric Milner-White

Eric Milner Milner-White OGS CBE DSO (23 April 1884 – 15 June 1963) was a Dean of York in the Church of England, holding this post between 1941 and his death in 1963.

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Es ist ein Ros entsprungen

"" ("A rose has sprung up"), most commonly translated to English as "Lo, How a Rose E'er Blooming" or "A Spotless Rose", is a Christmas carol and Marian Hymn of German origin.

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Eton College

Eton College, often informally referred to simply as Eton, is an English boys' independent boarding school located in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.

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Faber and Faber

Faber and Faber Limited, often abbreviated to Faber, is an independent publishing house in the United Kingdom.

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Felix Mendelssohn

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period.

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Francis Pott (composer)

Francis John Dolben Pott (born 25 August 1957) is a British composer, pianist, senior academic and university administrator.

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Frederick Oakeley

Frederick Oakeley (5 September 1802 – 30 January 1880) was an English Roman Catholic convert, priest, and author.

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Gabriel Jackson (composer)

Gabriel Jackson (b. 1962, Hamilton, Bermuda) is an English composer.

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George Mackay Brown

George Mackay Brown (17 October 1921 – 13 April 1996) was a Scottish poet, author and dramatist, whose work has a distinctly Orcadian character.

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George Whitefield

George Whitefield (September 30, 1770), also known as George Whitfield, was an English Anglican cleric who helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain and, especially, in the American colonies.

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George Wither

George Wither (11 June 1588 O.S. (21 June 1588 NS) – 2 May 1667 O.S. (12 May 1667 NS)) was an English poet, pamphleteer, and satirist.

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Giles Swayne

Giles Oliver Cairnes Swayne (born Hertfordshire, 30 June 1946) is a British composer.

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God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen

God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen is an English traditional Christmas carol.

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Gospel of John

The Gospel According to John (also referred to as the Gospel of John, the Fourth Gospel, or simply John; Τὸ κατὰ Ἰωάννην εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Ioannen euangelion) is one of the four canonical gospels in the Christian Bible.

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Gospel of Luke

The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan euangelion), commonly shortened to the Gospel of Luke or simply Luke, is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels.

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Gospel of Matthew

The Gospel According to Matthew (κατὰ Ματθαῖον εὐαγγέλιον, kata Matthaion euangelion, τὸ εὐαγγέλιον κατὰ Ματθαῖον, to euangelion kata Matthaion) (Gospel of Matthew or simply Matthew) is one of the four canonical gospels, one of the three synoptic gospels, and the first book of the New Testament.

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Groton School

Groton School is a private Episcopal college preparatory boarding school located in Groton, Massachusetts, United States.

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Groton, Massachusetts

Groton is a town in northwestern Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.

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Hanover, New Hampshire

Hanover is a town along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States.

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Hark! The Herald Angels Sing

"Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" is a Christmas carol that first appeared in 1739 in the collection Hymns and Sacred Poems, having been written by Charles Wesley.

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Harrison Birtwistle

Sir Harrison Birtwistle (born 15 July 1934) is a British composer.

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Henry Gauntlett

Henry John Gauntlett (9 July 1805, Wellington, Shropshire – 21 February 1876, London) was an English organist and songwriter known in British music circles for his authorship of a large number of hymns and other pieces for the organ.

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Henry Vaughan

Henry Vaughan (17 April 1621 – 23 April 1695) was a Welsh author, physician and metaphysical poet.

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Henry VI of England

Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.

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Hieronymus Praetorius

Hieronymus Praetorius (10 August 1560 – 27 January 1629) was a north German composer and organist of the late Renaissance and very early Baroque eras.

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Hymn

A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praising GOD, adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.

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I syng of a mayden

"I syng of a mayden" (sometimes titled "As Dewe in Aprille") is a Middle English lyric poem or carol of the 15th century celebrating the Annunciation and the Virgin Birth of Jesus.

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In dulci jubilo

In dulci jubilo ("In sweet rejoicing") is a traditional Christmas carol.

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In the Bleak Midwinter

"In the Bleak Midwinter" is a Christmas carol based on a poem by the English poet Christina Rossetti written before 1872 in response to a request from the magazine Scribner's Monthly for a Christmas poem.

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Infant Holy, Infant Lowly

"Infant holy, Infant lowly" is based on a traditional Polish Christmas carol, "W żłobie leży".

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Isaiah

Isaiah (or;; ܐܫܥܝܐ Eshaya; Greek: Ἠσαΐας, Ēsaïās; Arabic: إشعيا Ishiya; "Yah is salvation") was a prophet documented by the Biblical Book of Isaiah to have lived around the time of 8th-century BCE Kingdom of Judah.

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James MacMillan

Sir James Loy MacMillan, CBE (born 16 July 1959) is a Scottish classical composer and conductor.

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James Montgomery (poet)

James Montgomery (4 November 1771 – 30 April 1854) was a British poet, hymnwriter and editor.

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Jesus

Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period.

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John Casken

John Casken (born 1949) is an English composer, born in Barnsley, Yorkshire, England.

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John Francis Wade

John Francis Wade (1711 – 16 August 1786) was an English hymnist who is sometimes credited with writing and composing the hymn "Adeste Fideles" (which was later translated to "O Come All Ye Faithful") even though the actual authorship of the hymn remains uncertain.

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John Rutter

John Milford Rutter (born 24 September 1945) is a British composer, conductor, editor, arranger and record producer, mainly of choral music.

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John Tavener

Sir John Kenneth Tavener (28 January 1944 – 12 November 2013) was a British composer, known for his extensive output of religious works, including The Protecting Veil, Song for Athene and The Lamb.

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John Taylor (bishop of Winchester)

John Vernon Taylor (11 September 1914 – 30 January 2001) was an English bishop and theologian.

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John Woolrich

John Woolrich (born 1954 in Cirencester) is an English composer.

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Jonathan Dove

Jonathan Dove (born 18 July 1959) is an English composer (born in London) of opera, choral works, plays, films, and orchestral and chamber music.

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Jonathan Harvey (composer)

Jonathan Harvey (3 May 1939 – 4 December 2012) was a British composer.

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Judith Bingham

Judith Bingham is a British composer and mezzo-soprano singer.

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Judith Weir

Judith Weir CBE (born 11 May 1954) is a British composer and Master of the Queen's Music.

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Kevin Crossley-Holland

Kevin John William Crossley-Holland (born 7 February 1941) is an English translator, children's author and poet.

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King James Version

The King James Version (KJV), also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or King James Bible (KJB), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.

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King's College Chapel, Cambridge

King's College Chapel is the chapel to King's College of the University of Cambridge, and it is considered one of the finest examples of late Perpendicular Gothic English architecture, The chapel was built in phases by a succession of kings of England from 1446 to 1515, a period which spanned the Wars of the Roses.

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King's College, Cambridge

King's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England.

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La Nativité du Seigneur

La Nativité du Seigneur (The Nativity of the Lord or The Birth of the Saviour) is a work for organ, written by the French composer Olivier Messiaen in 1935.

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Lancelot Andrewes

Lancelot Andrewes (1555 – 25 September 1626) was an English bishop and scholar, who held high positions in the Church of England during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. During the latter's reign, Andrewes served successively as Bishop of Chichester, of Ely and of Winchester and oversaw the translation of the King James Version of the Bible (or Authorized Version).

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lay clerk

A lay clerk, also known as a lay vicar, song man or a vicar choral, is a professional adult singer in an Anglican cathedral or (occasionally) collegiate choir in Britain and Ireland.

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Lennox Berkeley

Sir Lennox Randal Francis Berkeley (12 May 190326 December 1989) was an English composer.

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List of carols at the Nine Lessons and Carols, King's College Chapel

This is a list of carols performed at the Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols at King's College Chapel, Cambridge.

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Magnificat

The Magnificat (Latin for: magnifies) —also known as the Song of Mary, the Canticle of Mary and in Byzantine tradition the Ode of the Theotokos; Greek: Θεοτόκου—is a canticle frequently sung (or spoken) liturgically in Christian church services.

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Mark-Anthony Turnage

Mark-Anthony Turnage CBE (born 10 June 1960) is a prolific English composer of classical music.

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Massachusetts

Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Messiah

A messiah (literally, "anointed one")http://etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame.

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Michael Hamburger

Michael Hamburger OBE (22 March 1924 – 7 June 2007) was a noted British translator, poet, critic, memoirist and academic.

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Nicholas Maw

John Nicholas Maw (5 November 1935 – 19 May 2009) was a British composer.

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O Come, All ye Faithful

"O Come, All Ye Faithful" (originally written in Latin as) is a Christmas carol which has been attributed to various authors, including John Francis Wade (1711–1786), with the earliest copies of the hymn all bearing his signature, John Reading (1645–1692) and King John IV of Portugal (1604–1656).

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Olivier Messiaen

Olivier Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.

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Once in Royal David's City

Once in Royal David's City is a Christmas carol originally written as poem by Cecil Frances Alexander.

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Organist

An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ.

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Original sin

Original sin, also called ancestral sin, is the Christian doctrine of humanity's state of sin resulting from the fall of man, stemming from Adam's rebellion in Eden.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Peter Maxwell Davies

Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, CH, CBE (born 8 September 1934) is an English composer and conductor.

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Peter Sculthorpe

Peter Joshua Sculthorpe AO OBE (29 April 1929 – 8 August 2014) was an Australian composer.

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Philip Ledger

Sir Philip Stevens Ledger, CBE (12 December 193718 November 2012) was a British classical musician and academic, best known for his tenure as director of the Choir of King's College, Cambridge, between 1974 and 1982 and as director of Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama from 1982 until his retirement in 2001.

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Piae Cantiones

Piae Cantiones ecclesiasticae et scholasticae veterum episcoporum (in English Pious ecclesiastical and school songs of the ancient bishops) is a collection of late medieval Latin songs first published in 1582.

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Porter (college)

The majority of colleges at the universities of Cambridge, Durham and Oxford, as well as newer collegiate universities such as York and older universities like University of Bristol and St David's College, have members of staff called porters.

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Processional hymn

A processional hymn is a chant, hymn or other music sung during the Procession, usually at the start of a Christian service although occasionally during the service itself.

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Provost (education)

A provost is the senior academic administrator at many institutions of higher education in the United States and Canada, the equivalent of a pro-vice-chancellor at some institutions in the United Kingdom and Ireland or a Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) at most Australian universities.

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Ralph Vaughan Williams

Ralph Vaughan Williams OM (Vaughan Williams, Ursula. (1964) R.V.W.: A Biography of Ralph Vaughan Williams, Oxford University Press. In the preface, Notes on Names (p. xv), says "Ralph's name was pronounced Rafe, any other pronunciation used to infuriate him." 12 October 1872 – 26 August 1958) was an English composer of symphonies, chamber music, opera, choral music, and film scores.

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Richard Rodney Bennett

Sir Richard Rodney Bennett, CBE (29 March 193624 December 2012) was an English composer of film, TV and concert music, and also a jazz pianist.

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Richard Watson Gilder

Richard Watson Gilder (February 8, 1844 – November 19, 1909) was an American poet and editor.

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Robert Herrick (poet)

Robert Herrick (baptised 24 August 1591 – buried 15 October 1674) was a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric.

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Robin Holloway

Robin Greville Holloway (born 19 October 1943) is an English composer, academic and writer.

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Russian language

Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

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Somerset Walpole

The Right Reverend George Henry Somerset Walpole (9 November 1854 – 4 March 1929), known as Somerset Walpole was an Anglican priest, teacher and author.

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Stained glass

The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.

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Stephen Cleobury

Stephen Cleobury CBE (born Bromley 31 December 1948) is an English organist and conductor.

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Stephen Paulus

Stephen Paulus (August 24, 1949 – October 19, 2014) was a Grammy nominated American composer, best known for his operas and choral music.

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Stephen Plaice

Stephen Plaice (born 9 September 1951) is a UK based dramatist and scriptwriter who has written extensively for theatre, opera and television.

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Tansy Davies

Tansy Davies (born 29 May 1973, Bristol) is an English composer of contemporary classical music.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph is a British daily morning English-language broadsheet newspaper, published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed throughout the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.

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The Lamb (Tavener)

The Lamb is a choral work by British composer John Tavener composed in 1982.

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The Musical Times

The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.

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Thea Musgrave

Thea Musgrave CBE (born 27 May 1928) is a Scottish composer of opera and classical music.

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Thomas Adès

Thomas Adès (born 1 March 1971) is a British composer, pianist and conductor.

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Thomas Ravenscroft

Thomas Ravenscroft (– 1635) was an English musician, theorist and editor, notable as a composer of rounds and catches, and especially for compiling collections of British folk music.

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Trinity College, Cambridge

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.

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Truro Cathedral

The Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Truro is an Anglican cathedral located in the city of Truro, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.

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Tudor period

The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales. It coincides with the rule of the Tudor dynasty in England whose first monarch was Henry VII (14571509).

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Undergraduate education

Undergraduate education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education.

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Unto Us is Born a Son

Puer nobis nascitur, usually translated as Unto Us is Born a Son, is a medieval Christmas carol found in a number of manuscript sources - the 14th-century German Moosburg Gradual and a 15th-century Trier manuscript.

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Walter de la Mare

Walter John de la Mare, OM, CH (25 April 1873 – 22 June 1956) was an English poet, short story writer and novelist.

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William Blake

William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Worship

Worship is an act of religious devotion usually directed towards a deity.

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Redirects here:

9 Lessons and Carols, A Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols, Carols from King's, Festival of 9 lessons and carols, Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols, Nine Lessons & Carols, Nine lessons and carols, The Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nine_Lessons_and_Carols

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