274 relations: Adolf Hitler, Air supremacy, Airborne forces, Alan Goodrich Kirk, Allied invasion of Italy, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Anti-aircraft warfare, Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers, Army Group B, Arromanches-les-Bains, Arthur Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, Article XV squadrons, Assault gun, Atlantic Wall, Australian contribution to the Battle of Normandy, Avranches, Bagpipes, Barrage balloon, Battle of Merville Gun Battery, Battle of Port-en-Bessin, Battle of Stalingrad, Bayeux, Bény-sur-Mer, BBC, Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Bernières-sur-Mer, Bertram Ramsay, Bill Millin, Bocage, Booby trap, Boulogne-sur-Mer, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Brittany, Caen, Caen – Carpiquet Airport, Canal de Caen à la Mer, Carentan, Casemate, CBS Radio News, Chaff (countermeasure), Charles H. Gerhardt, Cherbourg-Octeville, Clarence R. Huebner, Colleville-sur-Mer, Colonel general, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Company sergeant major, Continental Europe, ..., Correlli Barnett, Cotentin Peninsula, Courseulles-sur-Mer, Czechoslovak government-in-exile, D-Day (disambiguation), D-Day (military term), D-Day Daily Telegraph crossword security alarm, D-Day naval deceptions, DD tank, Defence of the Reich, Denmark, Dieppe Raid, Dietrich Kraiß, Dives (river), Division (military), Douglas Alexander Graham, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Douve, Dover, Dunkirk evacuation, Dutch government-in-exile, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum and Boyhood Home, Eastern Front (World War II), Edgar Feuchtinger, Embrasure, Enfilade and defilade, Erich Marcks, Erwin Rommel, Falaise, Calvados, Fascine, Fast attack craft, First United States Army, First United States Army Group, Flag officer, Free Belgian Forces, Free France, French Army, French Forces of the Interior, French Resistance, Friedrich Dollmann, General of the Artillery (Germany), George S. Patton, Gerard Bucknall, Gerd von Rundstedt, German torpedo boats of World War II, Gold Beach, Greek government-in-exile, Hans von Salmuth, Headland, High water mark, HMS Ramillies (07), HMS Roberts (F40), HMS Warspite (03), HNoMS Svenner (G03), Hobart's Funnies, Horsa Bridge, I Corps (United Kingdom), Invasion of Normandy, Isigny-sur-Mer, Italian Campaign (World War II), IX Troop Carrier Command, J. Lawton Collins, James Earl Rudder, James Stagg, Jay W. MacKelvie, John Crocker, Joseph Stalin, Juno Beach, Juno Beach Centre, Karl-Wilhelm von Schlieben, Kent, King's Shropshire Light Infantry, Landing operation, Le Havre, Leo Geyr von Schweppenburg, Leonard T. Gerow, List of Allied warships in the Normandy landings, Lodgement, Longues-sur-Mer battery, Luftwaffe, Martha Gellhorn, Matthew Ridgway, Maxwell D. Taylor, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, Merderet, Merville Gun Battery, Miles Dempsey, Military deception, Military glider, Military simulation, Mission Chicago, Mission Detroit, Mission Elmira, Mulberry harbour, National D-Day Memorial, National Guard of the United States, Nazi Germany, No. 218 (Gold Coast) Squadron RAF, No. 4 Commando, No. 47 (Royal Marine) Commando, No. 617 Squadron RAF, Normandy, Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, North African Campaign, Nygaardsvold's Cabinet, OB West, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Omaha Beach, Omar Bradley, Operation Barbarossa, Operation Bodyguard, Operation Cooney, Operation Deadstick, Operation Dingson, Operation Fortitude, Operation Mallard, Operation Overlord, Operation Samwest, Operation Torch, Orne (river), Ostlegionen, Ouistreham, Panzer, Panzer division, Pas-de-Calais, Pathfinder (military), Pegasus Bridge, Percy Hobart, Philip Vian, Philippe Kieffer, Pointblank directive, Pointe du Hoc, Polish Armed Forces in the West, Port-en-Bessin-Huppain, Quebec Conference, 1943, R boat, Radio Londres, Ranville, Raymond O. 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Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
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Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
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Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
Admiral Alan Goodrich Kirk (October 30, 1888 – October 15, 1963) was a senior officer in the United States Navy and a diplomat.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied landing on mainland Italy on 3 September 1943 during the Second World War, by British General Harold Alexander's 15th Army Group (comprising Lieutenant General Mark Clark's United States Fifth Army and General Bernard Montgomery's British Eighth Army).
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major World War II campaign, in which the Allies took Sicily from the Axis Powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers (AVRE) is the title given to a series of armoured Military engineering vehicles operated by the Royal Engineers (RE) for the purpose of battlefield engineer support.
Army Group B was the name of three different German Army Groups that saw action during World War II.
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Arromanches-les-Bains (or, simply Arromanches) is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of north-western France.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Arthur William Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, (11 July 1890 – 3 June 1967), was a senior British air force commander.
Article XV squadrons were Australian, Canadian, and New Zealand air force squadrons formed from graduates of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (1939) during World War II.
An assault gun is a gun or howitzer mounted on a motor vehicle or armoured chassis, designed for use in the direct fire role in support of infantry when attacking other infantry or fortified positions.
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The Atlantic Wall (Atlantikwall) was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944 along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia as a defense against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from Great Britain during World War II.
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The Australian contribution to the Battle of Normandy involved more than 3,000 military personnel serving under British command.
Avranches is a commune in the Manche department in the Lower Normandy region in northwestern France.
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Bagpipes are a class of musical instrument, aerophones, using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.
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A barrage balloon, sometimes called a "blimp", is a large balloon tethered with metal cables, used to defend against aircraft attack by damaging the aircraft on collision with the cables, or at least making the attacker's approach more difficult.
The Battle of Merville Gun Battery occurred on 6 June 1944, as part of the Normandy landings during the Second World War.
The Battle of Port-en-Bessin took place from 1944, at a small fishing harbour west of Arromanches in Normandy.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was a major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia, on the eastern boundary of Europe.
Bayeux is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy in northwestern France.
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Bény-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.
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Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and the "Spartan General", was a senior officer of the British Army.
Bernières-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
Admiral Sir Bertram Home Ramsay KCB, KBE, MVO (20 January 1883 – 2 January 1945) was a British admiral during the Second World War.
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William "Bill" Millin (14 July 1922 – 17 August 2010, Telegraph), commonly known as Piper Bill, was personal piper to Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, commander of 1 Special Service Brigade at D-Day.
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Bocage is a terrain of mixed woodland and pasture.
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A booby trap is a device or setup that is intended to kill, harm or surprise a person, unknowingly triggered by the presence or actions of the victim.
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Boulogne-sur-Mer (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Bonen) is a city in Northern France.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army in Europe from 1939 to 1940 during the Second World War.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the north-west of France.
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Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
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Caen la Mer Airport or Aéroport de Caen la Mer is a civil airport located in Carpiquet and 6 km west of Caen, both communes of the Calvados département in the Lower Normandy region of France.
Canal de Caen à la Mer (Canal from Caen to the sea) also called the "Caen Canal") is a short canal in the department (préfecture) of Calvados, France, connecting the Port of Caen, in the city of Caen, downstream to the town of Ouistreham and the English Channel. Running from north north-east to south south-west, the canal runs parallel to the Orne River which feeds it, it is long, and comprises two locks. Digging began in 1837, and when it was opened on August 23, 1857 it was only deep. It was deepened in 1920. The canal began with the dock at St. Peter's Basin (Bassin Saint-Pierre), in the downtown area of Caen. The canal is made up of a group of quays and docks. The current depth is, and the width can reach in the dock of Calix). The quay at Blainville-sur-Orne measures more than. It acts as the fourth commercial French port for the importation of exotic wood, generally coming from the Gulf of Guinea. It also loads and unloads iron, fertilizer, coal, and construction material. The port exports cereals that are produced in the area and has a silo capacity of 33,000 tons. One of the two locks at the port of Ouistreham, at the mouth of the canal, can accommodate ships of more than length. Also at Blainville is a Renault Trucks manufacturing plant. The plant is across the canal from the town, to the southeast, between the canal and the Orne River. Just across the river from the plant is the community of Colombelles. The channel passes the side of the Château de Bénouville. The famous Pegasus Bridge (aka "Ham"), from D-Day, June 6, 1944, crossed the canal near the village of Bénouville. The canal was considered both tactically and strategically important during the opening phases of the Battle of Normandy, as it was located on the eastern flank of the Allied beachhead area. The bridge was replaced in 1994.
Carentan is a small rural town near the north-eastern base of the French Cotentin Peninsula in Normandy in north-western France near the port city of Cherbourg-Octeville.
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A casemate, sometimes erroneously rendered casement, is a fortified gun emplacement or armored structure from which guns are fired.
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CBS Radio News, historically known as the CBS Radio Network, provides news to more than 1,000 radio stations throughout the United States.
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Chaff, originally called Window by the British, and Düppel by the Second World War era German Luftwaffe (from the Berlin suburb where it was first developed), is a radar countermeasure in which aircraft or other targets spread a cloud of small, thin pieces of aluminium, metallized glass fibre or plastic, which either appears as a cluster of primary targets on radar screens or swamps the screen with multiple returns.
Major General Charles Hunter Gerhardt (June 6, 1895 – October 9, 1976) commanded the U.S. 29th Infantry Division from 1943 until the end of World War II and during part of the occupation of Germany.
Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.
Clarence Ralph Huebner (November 24, 1888 – September 23, 1972) was a highly decorated Lieutenant general of the United States Army during the World War II.
Colleville-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
Colonel general is a specific rank of the senior rank of general.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.
The company sergeant major (CSM) is the senior non-commissioned soldier of a company in the armies of many Commonwealth countries, responsible for administration, standards and discipline.
Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent (particularly by Britons, Azores and Madeira Portuguese, Balearic and Canary Spaniards, Icelanders and other European island nations, and peninsular Scandinavians), is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding the islands of Europe.
Correlli Douglas Barnett CBE FRHistS FRSL (born 28 June 1927) is an English military historian, who has also written works of economic history, particularly on the United Kingdom's post-war "industrial decline".
The Cotentin Peninsula, also known as the Cherbourg Peninsula, is a peninsula in Normandy that forms part of the northwest coast of France.
Courseulles-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
The Czechoslovak government-in-exile (sometimes styled officially as the Provisional Government of Czechoslovakia) was an informal title conferred upon the Czechoslovak National Liberation Committee, initially by British diplomatic recognition.
D-Day may refer to.
In the military, D-Day is the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated.
The D-Day Daily Telegraph crossword security alarm arose in 1944 when codenames related to the D-Day plans appeared as solutions in crosswords in the popular British newspaper, The Daily Telegraph.
Operations Taxable, Glimmer and Big Drum were tactical military deceptions conducted on 6 June 1944 in support of the Allied landings in Normandy.
DD or Duplex Drive tanks, nicknamed "Donald Duck tanks", were a type of amphibious swimming tank developed by the British during the Second World War.
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The Defence of the Reich (Reichsverteidigung) is the name given to the strategic defensive aerial campaign fought by the Luftwaffe over German-occupied Europe and Germany itself during World War II.
Denmark (Danmark) is a country in Northern Europe.
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The Dieppe Raid, also known as the Battle of Dieppe, Operation Rutter and, later, Operation Jubilee, was an Allied attack on the German-occupied port of Dieppe during the Second World War.
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Dietrich Kraiß (16 November 1889 – 6 August 1944) was a German Generalleutnant during World War II, awarded the German Cross in Gold and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub).
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The Dives is a 105 km long river in the Pays d'Auge, Normandie, France.
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A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Major-General Douglas Alexander Henry Graham CB, CBE, DSO & Bar, MC, DL (26 March 1893 – 28 September 1971) was a senior officer of the British Army who fought with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.
The Douve or Ouve is a river, 79 kilometres in length, which rises in the commune of Tollevast, near Cherbourg in the department of Manche.
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Dover (Douvres) is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
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The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, France, between 27 May and 4 June 1940, during World War II.
The Dutch government in exile (Nederlandse regering in ballingschap), also known as the London Cabinet (Londens cabinet) was the government in exile of the Netherlands, headed by Queen Wilhelmina, that evacuated to London after the German invasion of the country during World War II.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (pronounced,; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961, and the last U.S. President to have been born in the 19th century.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum and Boyhood Home is the presidential library, museum, and resting place of Dwight David Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961), located in his hometown of Abilene, Kansas.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other allies, which encompassed Northern, Southern and Central and Eastern Europe from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Edgar Feuchtinger (9 November 1894 – 21 January 1960) was a German General (Generalleutnant) during the Second World War.
In military architecture, an embrasure is the opening in a crenellation or battlement between the two raised solid portions or merlons, sometimes called a crenel or crenelle.
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Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire.
Erich Marcks (6 June 1891 – 12 June 1944) was a German general of artillery in the Second World War.
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Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944), popularly known as the Desert Fox (Wüstenfuchs), was a German field marshal of World War II.
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Falaise is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
A fascine is a rough bundle of brushwood or other material used for strengthening an earthen structure, or making a path across uneven or wet terrain.
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A fast attack craft (FAC) is a small, fast, agile and offensive warship armed with anti-ship missiles, gun and/or torpedoes.
The First Army is the oldest and longest established field army of the United States Army, having seen service in both World War I and World War II, under some of the most famous and distinguished officers of the U.S. Army.
First United States Army Group was a fictitious paper command Allied Army Group in World War II prior to D-Day, part of Operation Quicksilver, created to deceive the Germans about where the Allies would land in France.
A flag officer is a commissioned officer in a nation's armed forces senior enough to be entitled to fly a flag to mark the position from which the officer exercises command.
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The Free Belgian forces (Forces belges libres, Vrije Belgische Strijdkrachten) were soldiers from Belgium and its colonies who fought as part of the Allied armies after the official Belgian surrender to Nazi Germany during World War II, between 1940 and 1944.
Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces that continued to fight against the Axis powers as an Ally after the fall of France.
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The French Army (Armée de terre, "land army") is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
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The French Forces of the Interior (Forces Françaises de l'Intérieur) refers to French resistance fighters in the later stages of World War II.
The French Resistance (La Résistance française) is the name used to denote the collection of French resistance movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during World War II.
Friedrich Dollmann (2 February 188228 JuneReynolds, M: Steel Inferno, p. 163. Dell Publishing, 1997.D'Este, C: Decision in Normandy, pp. 241–242. Penguin Books, 2004. 1944) was a German general during World War II, most notably serving during the early phases of the D-Day Invasion.
General der Artillerie (en: General of the artillery) may mean: 1. A rank of three-star general, comparable to modern armed forces OF-8 grade, in the Imperial Army, Reichswehr or Wehrmacht - the second-highest regular rank below Generaloberst.
George Smith Patton, Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a United States Army general, who commanded the Seventh United States Army in the Mediterranean and European Theaters of World War II, but is best known for his leadership of the Third United States Army in France and Germany following the Allied invasion of Normandy.
Lieutenant-General Gerard Corfield Bucknall CB, MC, DL (14 September 1894 – 7 December 1980) was a senior officer of the British Army and corps commander during World War II.
Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (12 December 1875 – 24 February 1953) was a German Field Marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) during World War II.
The German torpedo boats of World War II were armed principally, if not exclusively, with torpedoes and varied widely in size.
Gold, commonly known as Gold Beach, was the code name for one of the five areas of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during the Second World War.
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The Greek government-in-exile was the government in exile of Greece formed in the aftermath of the Battle of Greece, and the subsequent occupation of Greece by Nazi Germany and the Fascist Italy.
Hans Eberhard Kurt von Salmuth (11 November 1888 – 1 January 1962) was a German general during World War II.
A headland (or simply head) is a coastal landform, a point of land usually high and often with a sheer drop, that extends out into a body of water.
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A high water mark is a point that represents the maximum rise of a body of water over land.
HMS Ramillies (pennant number: 07) was one of five s built for the Royal Navy during World War I. She was completed after the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and saw no combat during the war.
HMS Roberts was a Royal Navy of the Second World War.
HMS Warspite was a, the sixth warship of the Royal Navy to carry the name.
HNoMS Svenner was a S-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy during the Second World War and loaned to exiled Royal Norwegian Navy.
Hobart's Funnies were a number of unusually modified tanks operated during the Second World War by the United Kingdom's 79th Armoured Division or by specialists from the Royal Engineers.
Horsa Bridge, also known as Ranville bridge, over the Orne River, was, with Pegasus Bridge, captured during Operation Deadstick by gliderborne troops of the 2nd Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (the 52nd) in a coup de main operation in the opening minutes of D Day, 6 June 1944.
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I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.
The Invasion of Normandy was the invasion by and establishment of Western Allied forces in Normandy, during Operation Overlord in 1944 during World War II; the largest amphibious invasion to ever take place.
Isigny-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
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The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
The IX Troop Carrier Command was a United States Army Air Forces unit.
Joseph "Lightning Joe" Lawton Collins (May 1, 1896 – September 12, 1987) was Army Chief of Staff during the Korean War.
James Earl Rudder (May 6, 1910 – March 23, 1970) was the United States Army major general who as a lieutenant colonel was the commander of the historic Pointe du Hoc battle which was part of the Invasion of Normandy.
Group Captain James Martin Stagg, CB, OBE, FRSE (30 June 1900 – 23 June 1975) was a British Royal Air Force meteorologist who notably persuaded General Dwight D. Eisenhower to change the date of the Allied invasion of Europe in World War II, from the 5th of June to the 6th of June 1944.
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Jay W. MacKelvie (September 23, 1890 -– December 5, 1985) was a career United States Army officer who attained the rank of Brigadier General.
General Sir John Tredinnick Crocker GCB, KBE, DSO, MC (4 January 1896 – 9 March 1963) was a senior officer of the British Army who served in the First World War and as a corps commander during the Second World War.
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Joseph Stalin (birth surname: Jughashvili; 18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.
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Juno or Juno Beach was one of five beaches of the Allied invasion of German occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during the Second World War.
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The Juno Beach Centre or, in French, Centre Juno Beach, is a museum located in Courseulles-sur-Mer in the Calvados region of Normandy, France.
Karl-Wilhelm von Schlieben (30 October 1894 – 18 June 1964) was a German officer in World War I and World War II.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
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The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1881, but with antecedents dating back to 1755.
A landing operation is a military action aimed at a bringing the landing force usually via landing craft to a shore or to land with the purpose of power projection ashore by forces coming usually from ships and also aircraft and able to fight.
Le Havre is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Upper Normandy region of north-western France.
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Leo Dietrich Franz Freiherr Geyr von Schweppenburg (2 March 1886 – 27 January 1974) was a German cavalry officer in World War I and a general during World War II.
Leonard Townsend Gerow (July 13, 1888 – October 12, 1972) was a highly decorated United States Army general during the World War II.
This is a list of warships which took part in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944.
A lodgement is an enclave taken by and defended by force of arms against determined opposition made by increasing the size of a bridgehead, beachhead or airhead into a substantial defended area, the rear parts of whichat the least are out of direct line of fire.
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The Longues-sur-Mer battery was a World War II artillery battery constructed by the Wehrmacht near the French village of Longues-sur-Mer in Normandy.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
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Martha Ellis Gellhorn (November 8, 1908 – February 15, 1998) was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist, who is now considered one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century.
Matthew Bunker Ridgway (March 3, 1895 – July 26, 1993) was a United States Army general.
General Maxwell Davenport "Max" Taylor (August 26, 1901 – April 19, 1987) was a United States Army four star general and diplomat of the mid-20th century, who served as the fifth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after having been appointed by President John F. Kennedy.
The Mediterranean Theater of Operations, United States Army (MTOUSA), originally called the North African Theater of Operations (NATOUSA), was the American term for the theater of operations covering North Africa and Italy during World War II.
The Merderet is a 36 km long river in Normandy, France which is tributary to the Douve River.
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The Merville Gun Battery was a coastal fortification in Normandy, France, in use as part of the Nazis' Atlantic Wall built to defend continental Europe from Allied invasion.
General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, GBE, KCB, DSO, MC (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior officer of the British Army who served in both the First World War and Second World War.
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Military deception refers to attempts to mislead enemy forces during warfare.
Military gliders (an offshoot of common gliders) have been used by the military of various countries for carrying troops and heavy equipment (see Glider infantry) to a combat zone, mainly during the Second World War.
Military simulations, also known informally as war games, are simulations in which theories of warfare can be tested and refined without the need for actual hostilities.
Mission Chicago was a pre-dawn glider-borne combat assault in the American airborne landings in Normandy, made by elements of the U.S. 101st Airborne Division on the early morning of June 6, 1944.
Mission Detroit was a pre-dawn glider-borne combat assault in the American airborne landings in Normandy, made by elements of the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division on the early morning of June 6, 1944.
During World War II, mission Elmira was the landing of a significant part of the 82nd Airborne Division’s glider train in Normandy on the evening before 6 June 1944 as part of Operation Neptune, the assault phase of Operation Overlord.
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A Mulberry harbour was a portable temporary harbour developed by the British in World War II to facilitate rapid offloading of cargo onto the beaches during the Allied invasion of Normandy.
The National D-Day Memorial is a war memorial located in Bedford, Virginia.
The National Guard of the United States, part of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, is a reserve military force, composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, of the Virgin Islands, and of Puerto Rico, as well as of the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.
Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
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Normandy (Normandie, pronounced, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is a geographical region of France corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy.
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The Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial is a World War II cemetery and memorial in Colleville-sur-Mer, Normandy, France, that honours American troops who died in Europe during World War II.
During the Second World War, the North African Campaign took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
Nygaardsvold's Cabinet was appointed on 20 March 1935, the second Labour cabinet in Norway.
The German Army Command in the West (Oberbefehlshaber West (German: initials OB West) was the overall command of the Westheer, the German Armed Forces on the Western Front during World War II. It was directly subordinate to German Armed Forces High Command. The area under the command of the OB West varied as the war progressed. At its farthest extent it reached the French Atlantic coast. By the end of World War II in Europe it was reduced to commanding troops in Bavaria.
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The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "Supreme Command of the Armed Forces") was part of the command structure of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Omaha Beach was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during World War II.
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Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981), nicknamed Brad, was a field commander of the United States Army who saw distinguished service in North Africa and Europe during World War II, and later became General of the Army.
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Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II, which began on 22 June 1941.
Operation Bodyguard was the code name for a World War II deception plan employed by the Allied states before the 1944 invasion of north-west Europe.
Operation Cooney was the deployment of elements of the 4ème Bataillon d'Infanterie de l'Air - the 4th Free French Parachute Battalion (later renamed 2ème Régiment de Chasseurs Parachutistes) - also known as 4th Special Air Service.
Operation Deadstick was the codename for an airborne forces operation by the British Army that took place on 6 June 1944Fowler, p.62 as part of the Normandy landings.
Operation Dingson (5–18 June 1944) was an operation in the Second World War, conducted by 178 Free French paratroops of the 4th Special Air Service (SAS), commanded by Colonel Pierre-Louis Bourgoin, who jumped into German occupied France near Vannes, Morbihan, Southern Brittany, in Plumelec, on the night of 5 June 1944 (11 h 30) with Captain Pierre Marienne and 17 men, then advanced to Saint-Marcel (8–18 June).
Operation Fortitude was the code name for a World War II military deception employed by the Allied nations as part of an overall deception strategy (code named Bodyguard) during the build-up to the 1944 Normandy landings.
Operation Mallard was the codename for an airborne forces operation which was conducted by the British Army on 6 June 1944, as part of the Normandy landings.
Operation Overlord was the code name for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II.
During World War II, Operation Samwest (5–12 June 1944) was a large raid conducted by 116 Free French paratroops of the 4th Special Air Service Regiment.
Operation Torch (initially called Operation Gymnast) was the British-American invasion of French North Africa during the North African Campaign of the Second World War which started on 8 November 1942.
The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.
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Ostlegionen (literally "Eastern Legions") or Osttruppen ("Eastern Troops") were conscripts and volunteers from the occupied eastern territories recruited into the military of the Third Reich during the Second World War.
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Ouistreham is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
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Panzer is a German language word that means armour.
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The term panzer division (Panzerdivision) as commonly used in English language refers almost exclusively to the armored (tank) division in the army branch of the Wehrmacht and of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France.
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In military organizations, a pathfinder is a specialized soldier inserted or dropped into place in order to set up and operate drop zones, pickup zones, and helicopter landing sites for airborne operations, air resupply operations, or other air operations in support of the ground unit commander.
Pegasus Bridge is a bascule bridge (a type of movable bridge), that was built in 1934, that crossed the Caen Canal, between Caen and Ouistreham, in Normandy, France.
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Major General Sir Percy Cleghorn Stanley Hobart (14 June 1885 – 19 February 1957), also known as "Hobo", was a British military engineer noted for his command of the 79th Armoured Division during World War II.
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Admiral of the Fleet Sir Philip Louis Vian & Two Bars (15 July 1894 – 27 May 1968) was a Royal Navy officer who served in both World Wars.
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Philippe Kieffer MBE MC (24 October 1899 – 20 November 1962), capitaine de frégate in the French Navy, was a French officer and political personality, and a hero of the Free French Forces.
The Pointblank directive authorised the initiation of Operation Pointblank, the code name for the primary portion of the Allied Combined Bomber Offensive intended to cripple or destroy the German aircraft fighter strength, thus drawing it away from frontline operations and ensuring it would not be an obstacle to the invasion of Northwest Europe.
Pointe du Hoc is a promontory with a cliff overlooking the English Channel on the coast of Normandy in northern France.
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The Polish Armed Forces in the West refers to the Polish military formations formed to fight alongside the Western Allies against Nazi Germany and its allies.
Port-en-Bessin-Huppain is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
The First Quebec Conference (codenamed "QUADRANT") was a highly secret military conference held during World War II between the British, Canadian and United States governments.
The R boats (Räumboote in German) were a group of small naval vessels built as minesweepers for the Kriegsmarine (German navy) before and during the Second World War.
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Radio Londres (French for Radio London) was a radio broadcast from 1940 to 1944 from the BBC in London to Nazi occupied France.
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Ranville is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
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Raymond Oscar "Tubby" Barton (August 22, 1889 - February 27, 1963) was a career officer in the United States Army and combat commander in World War I and World War II, rising to the rank of Major General.
Rennes (Rennes, Gallo: Resnn) is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine.
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General Sir Richard Nelson "Windy" Gale GCB, KBE, DSO, MC (1896 – 1982) was a senior officer in the British Army who served in both world wars.
Major General Rodney Frederick Leopold Keller CBE (2 October 1900 – 1954) was a notable Canadian Army officer who rose to divisional-level command in the Second World War.
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Rommel's asparagus (German: Rommelspargel) were logs that were placed in the fields and meadows of Normandy to cause damage to the expected invasion of Allied military gliders and paratroopers.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Hampshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, created as part of the Childers Reforms in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot and the 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot.
Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity or corporation through subversion, obstruction, disruption, or destruction.
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Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
Saint-Lô is a commune in north-western France, the capital of the Manche department in the region of Lower Normandy.
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Saint-Malo (Gallo: Saent-Malô) is a walled port city in Brittany in northwestern France on the English Channel.
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Sainte-Marie-du-Mont is a commune in the Manche department and in the region of Lower Normandy in north-western France.
Sainte-Mère-Église is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in northwestern France.
Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 American epic war drama film set during the Invasion of Normandy in World War II.
The British Second Army was a field army of the British Army active during both World War I and World War II.
The Seine (La Seine) is a long river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
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A signal lamp (sometimes called an Aldis lamp, named after Arthur Cyril Webb Aldis who invented a widely used design) is a visual signaling device for optical communication (typically using Morse code).
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Brigadier Simon Christopher Joseph Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat and 4th Baron Lovat, JP, DL, DSO, MC, TD (9 July 1911 in Beaufort Castle, Inverness, Scotland – 16 March 1995 in Beauly, Inverness-shire, Scotland) was the 25th Chief of the Clan Fraser of Lovat and a prominent British Commando during the Second World War.
A smoke screen is smoke released to mask the movement or location of military units such as infantry, tanks, aircraft or ships.
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The Special Air Service (SAS) is a unit of the British Army founded in 1941 as a regiment, and later reconstituted as a corps in 1950.
The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation.
The St Nazaire Raid or Operation Chariot was a successful British amphibious attack on the heavily defended Normandie dry dock at St Nazaire in German-occupied France during the Second World War.
Stanley Elton Hollis VC (21 September 1912 – 8 February 1972) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
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Steganography is the practice of concealing a file, message, image, or video within another file, message, image, or video.
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Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), was the headquarters of the Commander of Allied forces in north west Europe, from late 1943 until the end of World War II.
Sussex (abbreviated Sx), from the Old English Sūþsēaxe ('South Saxons'), is an historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
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Sword, commonly known as Sword Beach, was the code name given to one of the five main landing areas along the Normandy coast during the initial assault phase, Operation Neptune, of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of German-occupied France that commenced on 6 June 1944.
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The Tehran Conference (codenamed Eureka) was a strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943.
Lieutenant Colonel Terence Brandram Hastings Otway DSO, (15 June 1914 – 23 July 2006) was an officer in the British Army, best known for his role as commander of the paratroop assault on the Merville Battery on D-Day.
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The Longest Day is a book by Cornelius Ryan published in 1959, telling the story of D-Day, the first day of the World War II invasion of Normandy.
The Longest Day is a 1962 war film based on Cornelius Ryan's book The Longest Day (1959), about the D-Day landings at Normandy on June 6, 1944, during World War II.
Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt III (generally known as Theodore, Jr.) (September 13, 1887 – July 12, 1944) was an American government, business and military leader.
Major General Thomas Gordon Rennie CB DSO MBE (3 January 1900 – 24 March 1945) was a British Army officer who commanded 3rd Infantry Division and was later killed-in-action.
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Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, KCB, DSO & Bar (11 July 1892 – 14 November 1944) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.
U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
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The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.
USS Corry (DD-463), a ''Gleaves''-class destroyer, (also known as Bristol-class), was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Lieutenant Commander William M. Corry, Jr., an officer in the Navy during World War I and a recipient of the Medal of Honor.
USS PC-1261 was a built for the United States Navy during World War II.
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Utah Beach was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II.
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V Corps was a regular corps of the United States Army during World War I, World War II, Cold War, Kosovo, and War on Terrorism.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of the armed forces of various Commonwealth countries, and previous British Empire territories.
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The VII Corps of the United States Army was one of the two principal corps of the United States Army Europe during the Cold War.
The Third Washington Conference (codenamed Trident) was held in Washington, D.C. was a World War II strategic meeting from May 12 to May 27, 1943, between the heads of government of the United Kingdom and the United States.
The Western Bloc or Capitalist Bloc during the Cold War refers to the countries allied with the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and its allies.
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The Western Front of the European theatre of World War II encompassed Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Western Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat, which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945. Although the majority of German military deaths occurred on the Eastern Front, German losses on the Western Front were almost irreplaceable, because most of Germany's resources were being allocated to the Eastern Front. This meant that, while losses there could be replaced to some extent, very few replacements or reinforcements were being sent to the west to stop the advance of the Western Allies. The Normandy landings were a psychological blow to the German military and its leaders, who had feared a repetition of the two-front war of World War I.
Western Naval Task Force was the name used for several groups of warships during amphibious landings in World War II.
Wilhelm Falley (1897–1944) was the first German general to be killed during the Normandy Landings in France.
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The Willys MB (commonly known as a Jeep, formally as the U.S. Army Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4) is a four-wheel drive utility vehicle that was manufactured during World War II.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles")—is a modular light infantry division of the United States Army trained for air assault operations.
The 116th Panzer Division, also known as the "Windhund (Greyhound) Division", was a German armoured formation that saw combat during World War II.
The 15th Army (German: 15. Armee) was a World War II field army.
The 19th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 1st Infantry Division of the United States Army is the oldest continuously serving division in the regular United States Army.
The 1st Special Service Brigade was a commando brigade of the British Army.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).
The 29th Infantry Division (29th I.D.), also known as the "Blue and Gray", is an infantry division of the United States Army based in Fort Belvoir, Virginia.
The 2nd Ranger Battalion, currently based at Joint Base Lewis-McChord south of Seattle, Washington, United States, is the second of three ranger battalions belonging to the United States Army's 75th Ranger Regiment.
The 352nd Infantry Division (352. Infanterie-Division) was a formation of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 3rd Parachute Brigade was an airborne forces brigade raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 4th Infantry Division is a division of the United States Army based at Fort Carson, Colorado.
The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in World War II.
The 5th Panzer Army, also known as Panzer Group West and Panzer Group Eberbach (German: 5.Panzer-Armee, Panzergruppe West, Panzergruppe Eberbach) was a panzer army which saw action in the Western Front and North Africa.
The 5th Parachute Brigade was an airborne forces formation of brigade strength, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army.
The 6th Airlanding Brigade was a airborne infantry brigade of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 709th Static Infantry Division was a German Army static division in World War II.
The 716th Static Infantry Division (German: 716. Infanterie-Division) was a World War II, German Army Division.
The 741st Tank Battalion was an independent tank battalion that participated in the European Theater of Operations with the United States Army in World War II.
The 743rd Tank Battalion was an independent tank battalion that participated in the European Theater of Operations with the United States Army in World War II.
The 79th Armoured Division was a specialist armoured division of the British Army created during World War II.
The 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, formed by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 7th Army was a World War II field army of the German land forces.
The 82nd Airborne Division is an active duty airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areas.
The 8th Infantry Regiment of the United States, also known as the "Fighting Eagles," is an infantry regiment in the United States Army.
The 90th Infantry Division ("Tough 'Ombres") was a unit of the United States Army that served in World War I and World War II.
The 91st Air Landing Division (German 91. Luftlande-Infanterie-Division) was a German Army infantry division in World War II.
The 9th (Eastern and Home Counties) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.