487 relations: Acts of Union 1800, Adam Roberts (scholar), Administration of Justice (Language) Act (Ireland) 1737, Alan Dunbar, Alex Higgins, All-Ireland, All-Ireland Senior Football Championship, All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, Allies of World War II, Alternative names for Northern Ireland, American Sign Language, Amhrán na bhFiann, Anglicanism, Anglicisation, Anglo-Irish Treaty, Antrim, County Antrim, Apprentice Boys of Derry, Arable land, Aristocracy, Arlene Foster, Armagh, Armagh GAA, Arsenal, Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland, Asian people, Association football, Auslan, Éamon de Valera, Ballymena, Baltic states, Bangor, County Down, Barrister, Basalt, Battle of the Boyne, Battle of the Diamond, BBC, BBC News, BBC Newsline, BBC Northern Ireland, BBC Radio Foyle, BBC Radio Ulster, Belfast, Belfast Central railway station, Belfast CityBeat, Belfast Great Victoria Street railway station, Belfast Harbour, Belfast International Airport, Belfast Lough, Belfast Metropolitan Area, Belfast Telegraph, ..., Belfast–Derry railway line, Black people, Bonar Law, British Army, British English, British Isles, British nationality law, British Sign Language, British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference, Cabinet of the United Kingdom, Caledonian orogeny, Camogie, Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge, Castlederg, Castlereagh (borough), Catholic Church, Catholic emancipation, Cavehill, Cú Chulainn, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Channel 4, Channel 5 (UK), Church of Ireland, City of Derry Airport, Civil aviation, Civil resistance, Combatant, Common law, Commonwealth Games, Conchobar mac Nessa, Conflict Archive on the Internet, Conservative Party (UK), Consociationalism, Constituent country, Constitution of Ireland, Constitutional monarchy, Cool FM, Council of Ireland, Counties of Ireland, Countries of the United Kingdom, Country, County Antrim, County Armagh, County Down, County Fermanagh, County Londonderry, County Tyrone, Craigavon, Culture of Ireland, Culture of Northern Ireland, Culture of the United Kingdom, Curb, Daily Express, Danny Boy, Darren Clarke, David Feherty, David Jones (golfer), David Lloyd George, David Trimble, Defenders (Ireland), Democratic socialism, Democratic Unionist Party, Demography of the United Kingdom, Dennis Taylor, Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland), Derry, Derry GAA, Derry/Londonderry name dispute, Devolution, Devolution in the United Kingdom, Diocese of Derry and Raphoe, Direct rule, Disarmament, Drumlin, Dublin, Dublin Connolly railway station, Dungannon, Easter Rising, Eastern Europe, Economy of Northern Ireland, Eddie Irvine, Edward Carson, Eleventh Night, Elizabeth II, English language, English law, Enterprise (train service), European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, European Parliament, European route E01, Fergus mac Róich, FIFA World Cup, First Dáil, First Minister and deputy First Minister, First-past-the-post voting, Flag of Ireland, Flag of Northern Ireland, Flag of the United Kingdom, Flight of the Earls, Foras na Gaeilge, Formula One, Four Green Fields, Fraternity, Fred Daly (golfer), French Revolution, Gaelic Athletic Association, Gaelic Athletic Association county, Gaelic football, Gaelic handball, Gaelic revival, Gaels, Gaelscoil, Gareth Maybin, Garrison, County Fermanagh, George Best, George Best Belfast City Airport, George Osborne, George V, German Empire, Giant's Causeway, Glendermott Cricket Club, Glens of Antrim, God Save the Queen, Golf Digest, Golfing Union of Ireland, Good Friday Agreement, Government of Ireland, Government of Ireland Act 1914, Government of Ireland Act 1920, Government of Northern Ireland, Government of the United Kingdom, Graeme McDowell, Grammar school, Grand Slam (rugby union), Granite, Great Britain at the Olympics, Heineken Cup, Henry VIII of England, Hiberno-English, History of Northern Ireland, HM Treasury, Home rule, Home Rule Crisis, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, Huguenot, Human 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National anthem, National conservatism, National parks of the United Kingdom, Navan Fort, Newry, Newtownabbey, Newtownards, NI Railways, NIFL Championship 1, NIFL Premiership, Nine Years' War (Ireland), Nomenclature, Non-resident Indian and person of Indian origin, North/South Ministerial Council, Northern Ireland (European Parliament constituency), Northern Ireland Act 1974, Northern Ireland Act 1998, Northern Ireland Assembly, Northern Ireland Assembly election, 2003, Northern Ireland Assembly election, 2007, Northern Ireland at the Commonwealth Games, Northern Ireland Billiards and Snooker Association, Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association, Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973, Northern Ireland Executive, Northern Ireland flags issue, Northern Ireland Football League, Northern Ireland Football League Cup, Northern Ireland law, Northern Ireland national football team, Northern Ireland Office, Northern Ireland peace process, Northern Ireland Sign Language, Northern Ireland sovereignty referendum, 1973, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, Northern Ireland Tourist Board, Oceanic climate, Olympic Games, Orange Order, Order in Council, Outline of Northern Ireland, Overseas Chinese, Palestinian territories, Parades in Northern Ireland, Parliament Act 1911, Parliament Buildings (Northern Ireland), Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, Parliament of Ireland, Parliament of Northern Ireland, Partition of Ireland, Paul Bew, Peep o' Day Boys, Penal Laws (Ireland), People of Northern Ireland, Plantation of Ulster, Plantations of Ireland, Poland, Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland, Police Service of Northern Ireland, Politics of Northern Ireland, Portadown, Portadown railway station, Poynings' Law, Presbyterian Church in Ireland, Presbyterianism, Principality, Pro12, Protestant Ascendancy, Protestantism, Protestants of Ulster, Province, Provinces of Ireland, Provisional Irish Republican Army campaign, Pub, Q102.9, Quaternary glaciation, 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Championship, Ulster Unionist Party, Ulster University, Ulster Volunteer Force, Ulster Volunteers, Ulster-Scots Agency, Union Jack, Unionism in Ireland, Unitary state, United Ireland, United Kingdom, United Kingdom Census 2011, United Kingdom general election, 1918, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names, Units of measurement, UTV (TV channel), Van Morrison, Vehicle registration plates of the United Kingdom, Crown dependencies and overseas territories, Walker Cup, Wars of the Three Kingdoms, White people, Williamite War in Ireland, Winston Churchill, World War I, 1958 FIFA World Cup, 1982 FIFA World Cup, 1982 Formula One season, 1986 FIFA World Cup, 1999 Formula One season, 2007 Cricket World Cup, 2009 ICC World Twenty20. 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The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes falsely referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland with effect from 1 January 1801.
Sir Adam Roberts, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, FBA (born 29 August 1940 in Penrith, England) is Emeritus Professor of International Relations at Oxford University, a Senior Research Fellow in Oxford University's Department of Politics and International Relations, and an Emeritus Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford.
The Administration of Justice (Language) Act (Ireland) 1737 was passed by the Parliament of Ireland in 1737.
Alan Dunbar (born 30 April 1990) is a Northern Irish professional golfer who won the 2012 Amateur Championship at Royal Troon.
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Alexander Gordon "Alex" Higgins (18 March 1949 – 24 July 2010) was a Northern Irish professional snooker player, who is remembered as one of the most iconic figures in the game.
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All-Ireland is an attributive which emphasises the island of Ireland.
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The All-Ireland Senior Football Championship (SFC), the premier competition in Gaelic football, is an annual series of games usually played in Ireland during the summer and early autumn, and organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).
The All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, the premier competition in hurling, is an annual series of games played in Ireland during the summer and early autumn, and organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
There are a number of alternative names for Northern Ireland.
American Sign Language (ASL) is the predominant sign language of deaf communities in the United States and most of anglophone Canada.
"Amhrán na bhFiann" originally composed in English as "The Soldiers' Song", is the Irish national anthem.
Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.
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Anglicisation or anglicization, also Englishing, is the process of converting anything to more "English" norms.
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The Anglo-Irish Treaty (An Conradh Angla-Éireannach), commonly known as The Treaty and officially the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was an agreement between the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Irish representatives that concluded the Irish War of Independence.
Antrim is a town and civil parish in County Antrim in the northeast of Northern Ireland, on the banks of the Six Mile Water, half a mile northeast of Lough Neagh.
The Apprentice Boys of Derry is a Protestant fraternal society with a worldwide membership of over 10,000, founded in 1814 and based in the city of Derry, Northern Ireland.
Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.
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Aristocracy (Greek ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos "excellent," and κράτος kratos "power") is a form of government that places power in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.
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Arlene Isabel Foster (née Kelly) (b. 3 July 1970) is a British politician who has been the Member of the Legislative Assembly for Fermanagh and South Tyrone since 2003.
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Armagh is the county town of County Armagh in Northern Ireland, as well as a civil parish.
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The Armagh County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael Coiste Chontae Ard Mhacha) or Armagh GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in County Armagh.
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An arsenal is a place where arms and ammunition are made, maintained and repaired, stored, or issued, in any combination, whether privately or publicly owned.
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Article 2 and Article 3 of the Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann) were adopted with the constitution as a whole on 29 December 1937, but completely revised by means of the Nineteenth Amendment which took effect on 2 December 1999.
Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.
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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Auslan is the sign language of the Australian deaf community.
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Éamon de Valera (born George de Valero; 14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was one of the dominant political figures in twentieth century Ireland.
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Ballymena is a large town in County Antrim, and the eighth largest in Northern Ireland.
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The Baltic states, also known as the Baltics, Baltic nations or Baltic countries (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), are the three countries in northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
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Bangor is a large town in County Down, Northern Ireland.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or Bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions with a split legal profession.
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Basalt (pronounced,,, or) is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
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The Battle of the Boyne (Cath na Bóinne) was a battle in 1690 between the Catholic James II and the Protestant William III of England and II of Scotland, who, with his wife, Mary II (his cousin and James' daughter), had overthrown James in England in 1688.
The Battle of the Diamond was a planned confrontation between the Catholic Defenders and the Protestant Peep o' Day Boys that took place on 21 September 1795 near Loughgall, County Armagh, Ireland.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.
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BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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BBC Newsline is the BBC's regional television news service for Northern Ireland.
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BBC Northern Ireland (BBC Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: BBC Norlin Airlan) is the main public service broadcaster in Northern Ireland.
BBC Radio Foyle (BBC Raidió Feabhail) is a BBC Northern Ireland local radio station, serving County Londonderry in Northern Ireland.
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BBC Radio Ulster (BBC Raidió Uladh) is one of two Northern Irish BBC radio stations, the other being BBC Radio Foyle located in the city of Derry.
Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland (United Kingdom).
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Belfast Central is a railway station serving the city of Belfast in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Q on Air, (formerly known as Citybeat and Belfast CityBeat) is an Northern Irish radio station.
Belfast Great Victoria Street is a major railway station serving the city centre of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Belfast Harbour is a major maritime hub in Northern Ireland, handling 67% of Northern Ireland’s seaborne trade and about 25% of the maritime trade of the entire island of Ireland.
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Belfast International Airport is a major airport located northwest of Belfast in Northern Ireland.
Belfast Lough is a large, intertidal sea inlet on the east coast of Northern Ireland.
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The Belfast Metropolitan Area is a grouping of council areas which include commuter towns and overspill from Belfast, Northern Ireland with a population of 579,276 and 670,447 in 2011, this is combining the Belfast, Carrickfergus, North Down, Lisburn and Castlereagh districts along with the town of Newtownabbey.
The Belfast Telegraph is a daily newspaper published in Belfast, Northern Ireland, by Independent News & Media.
| The Belfast–Derry railway line (referred to as the Derry~Londonderry Line by NI Railways) runs from Belfast to Derry in Northern Ireland.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other given populations.
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Andrew Bonar Law (16 September 1858 – 30 October 1923), commonly called Bonar Law, was a British Conservative Party statesman and Prime Minister.
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The British Army is the United Kingdom's principal land warfare force.
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British English is the English language as spoken and written in Great Britain or, more broadly, throughout the British Isles.
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The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland and over six thousand smaller isles.
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British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom which concerns citizenship and other categories of British nationality.
British Sign Language (BSL) is the sign language used in the United Kingdom (UK), and is the first or preferred language of some deaf people in the UK; there are 125,000 deaf adults in the UK who use BSL plus an estimated 20,000 children.
The British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference (BIIGC) was established under an Agreement between the Governments of Ireland and the United Kingdom made on 8 March 1998.
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and some 21 Cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.
The Caledonian orogeny was a mountain building era recorded in the northern parts of Ireland and Britain, the Scandinavian Mountains, Svalbard, eastern Greenland and parts of north-central Europe.
Camogie (camógaíocht; formerly spelt camoguidheacht) is an Irish stick-and-ball team sport played by women; it is almost identical to the game of hurling played by men.
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Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge (locally pronounced carrick-a-reedy) is a famous rope bridge near Ballintoy in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Castlederg (earlier Caslanadergy) is a village in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
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Castlereagh was a local government district with the status of borough in Northern Ireland.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
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Catholic emancipation or Catholic relief was a process in the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century that involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics introduced by the Act of Uniformity, the Test Acts and the penal laws.
Cave Hill, sometimes spelt as Cavehill, is a basaltic hill overlooking the city of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
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Cú Chulainn, also spelt Cú Chulaind or Cúchulainn (Irish for "Culann's Hound") and sometimes known in English as Cuhullin, is an Irish mythological hero who appears in the stories of the Ulster Cycle, as well as in Scottish and Manx folklore.
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The Chancellor of the Exchequer is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster which began transmission on 2 November 1982.
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Channel 5 is a British commercial television network.
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The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.
City of Derry Airport is an airport located northeast of Derry, Northern Ireland.
Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-military aviation, both private and commercial.
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Civil resistance is political action that relies on the use of nonviolent resistance by civil groups to challenge a particular power, force, policy or regime.
A combatant is a person who takes a direct part in the hostilities of an armed conflict.
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Common law (also known as case law or precedent) is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the legislative process or regulations issued by the executive branch.
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The Commonwealth Games (known as the British Empire Games from 1930–1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954–1966, and British Commonwealth Games from 1970–1974) is an international, multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.
Conchobar mac Nessa (son of Ness) was the king of Ulster in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology.
CAIN (Conflict Archive on the Internet) is a database containing information about Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland from 1968 to the present.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Consociationalism is often viewed as synonymous with power-sharing, although it is technically only one form of power-sharing.
Constituent country is a term sometimes used in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger political entity, such as a sovereign state.
The Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann) is the fundamental law of Ireland.
A constitutional monarchy, limited monarchy or parliamentary monarchy (also called a crowned republic) is a form of government in which governing powers of the monarch are restricted by a constitution.
97.4 Cool FM is a commercial radio station, based in Newtownards, Northern Ireland.
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The Council of Ireland (Comhairle na hÉireann) was a statutory body established under the Government of Ireland Act 1920 as an all-Ireland law-making authority with limited jurisdiction, initially over both Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland, and later solely over Northern Ireland.
The counties of Ireland (contaetha na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: coonties o Airlann) are sub-national divisions that have been, and in some cases continue to be, used to geographically demarcate areas of local government.
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct entity in political geography.
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County Antrim (named after the town of Antrim) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland, situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland.
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County Armagh (named after its county town, Armagh) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland and one of the 32 traditional counties of Ireland, situated in the northeast of the island.
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County Down (named after its county town, Downpatrick) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland, situated in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
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County Fermanagh is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Londonderry, also known as County Derry (Irish: Contae Dhoire, Ulster Scots: Coontie Lunnonderrie), is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Tyrone is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
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Craigavon is a settlement in north County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
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The culture of Ireland includes customs and traditions, language, music, art, literature, folklore, cuisine and sports associated with Ireland and the Irish people.
The culture of Northern Ireland relates to the traditions of Northern Ireland.
The culture of the United Kingdom is the pattern of human activity and symbolism associated with the United Kingdom and its people.
A curb (North American English), or kerb (British English), is the edge where a raised sidewalk (pavement in British English) or road median/central reservation meets a street or other roadway.
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The Daily Express is a daily national middle market tabloid newspaper in the United Kingdom.
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"Danny Boy" is a ballad written by English songwriter Frederic Weatherly and usually set to the Irish tune of the "Londonderry Air".
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Darren Christopher Clarke, OBE (born 14 August 1968) is a professional golfer from Northern Ireland who currently plays on the European Tour and has previously played on the PGA Tour.
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David Feherty (born 13 August 1958) is a former professional golfer on the European Tour and PGA Tour.
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David Jones (born 22 June 1947) is a former European Tour golfer from Bangor, Northern Ireland.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman.
William David Trimble, Baron Trimble, PC (born 15 October 1944), is a British politician who was the first First Minister of Northern Ireland from 1998 to 2002, and the Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party from 1995 to 2005.
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The Defenders were a Roman Catholic agrarian secret society in 18th-century Ireland, founded in County Armagh.
Democratic socialism is a political ideology advocating a democratic political system alongside a socialist economic system, involving a combination of political democracy with social ownership of the means of production.
The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is the largest unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The UK population is considered an example of a population which has undergone the 'demographic transition' - that is, the transition from a (typically) pre-industrial population with high birth and mortality rates and only slow population growth, through a stage of falling mortality and faster rates of population growth, to a stage of low birth and mortality rates with, again, lower rates of population growth.
Dennis Taylor (born Denis Taylor, 19 January 1949 in Coalisland, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland) is a retired snooker player, and current BBC snooker commentator.
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The Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (DCAL), translated in Irish as An Roinn Cultúir, Ealaíon agus Fóillíochta and in Ulster-Scots as Männystrie o Fowkgates, Airts an Aisedom, is a devolved Northern Irish government department in the Northern Ireland Executive.
Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland.
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The Derry County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael Coiste Chontae Dhoire) or Derry GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland.
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The names of the city and county of Derry or Londonderry in Northern Ireland are the subject of a naming dispute between Irish nationalists and unionists.
Devolution is the statutory granting of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional, local, or state level.
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In the United Kingdom, devolution (fèin-riaghlaidh, datganoli) refers to the statutory granting of powers from the Parliament of the United Kingdom to the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the London Assembly and to their associated executive bodies the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government, the Northern Ireland Executive and the Greater London Authority.
The Diocese of Derry and Raphoe is a diocese of the Church of Ireland in Ulster located in the north of Ireland.
Direct rule was the term given, during the late 20th and early 21st centuries, to the administration of Northern Ireland directly from Westminster, seat of United Kingdom government.
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Disarmament is the act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons.
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A drumlin, from the Irish word droimnín ("littlest ridge"), first recorded in 1833, and in the classical sense is an elongated hill in the shape of an inverted spoon or half-buried egg formed by glacial ice acting on underlying unconsolidated till or ground moraine.
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Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland.
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Dublin Connolly (Stáisiún Uí Chonghaile) is one of the main railway stations in Dublin, Ireland, and is a focal point in the Irish route network.
Dungannon is a town in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
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The Easter Rising (Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, 1916.
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Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
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The economy of Northern Ireland is the smallest of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
Edmund "Eddie" Irvine, Jr. (born 10 November 1965) is a retired British racing driver from Northern Ireland.
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Edward Henry Carson, Baron Carson, PC, PC (Ire), KC (9 February 1854 – 22 October 1935), from 1900 to 1921 known as Sir Edward Carson, was an Irish unionist politician, barrister and judge.
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In Northern Ireland, the Eleventh Night or 11th Night refers to the night before the Twelfth of July, a yearly Ulster Protestant celebration.
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Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English law means the legal system of England and Wales.
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| Enterprise is the cross-border inter-city train service between in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland, jointly operated by Iarnród Éireann (IE) and NI Railways (NIR).
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
The European route E 01 is a series of roads in Europe, part of the United Nations International E-road network, running from Larne, United Kingdom to Seville, Spain.
Fergus mac Róich (son of Ró-ech or "great horse"; also mac Róig, mac Rossa) is a character of the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
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The First Dáil (An Chéad Dáil) was Dáil Éireann as it convened from 1919–1921.
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The First Minister and deputy First Minister are the joint heads of the Northern Ireland Executive and have overall responsibility for the running of the Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister (OFMDFM).
A first-past-the-post (abbreviated FPTP, 1stP, or FPP), or winner-takes-all, election is one that is won by the candidate receiving more votes than any others.
The national flag of Ireland (bratach na hÉireann) – frequently referred to as the Irish tricolour (trídhathach na hÉireann) – is a vertical tricolour of green (at the hoist), white, and orange.
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Northern Ireland has not had its own unique, government-sanctioned flag since the Northern Ireland parliament and government were prorogued in 1972, and abolished in 1973.
The flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the Union Jack or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.
The Flight of the Earls (Imeacht na nIarlaí / Teitheadh na nIarlaí) took place on 14 September 1607, when Hugh Ó Neill of Tír Eóghain (Tyrone), Rory Ó Donnell of Tír Chonaill (Tyrconnell) and about ninety followers left Ireland for mainland Europe.
Foras na Gaeilge ("Irish Institute"; often abbreviated to FnaG) is a public body responsible for the promotion of the Irish language throughout the island of Ireland.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seat auto racing that is sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
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Four Green Fields is a 1967 folk song by Irish musician Tommy Makem, described in the New York Times as a "hallowed Irish leave-us-alone-with-our-beauty ballad." Of Makem's many compositions, it has become the most familiar, and is part of the common repertoire of Irish folk musicians.
A fraternity (Latin frater: "brother") is a brotherhood, although the term sometimes connotes a distinct or formal organization and sometimes a secret society.
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Frederick J. Daly, MBE (11 October 1911 – 18 November 1990) was a Northern Irish professional golfer, best known for winning The Open Championship in 1947 at the Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was an influential period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.
The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael, (CLG)) is an Irish and international amateur sporting and cultural organisation, focused primarily on promoting Gaelic games, which include the traditional Irish sports of hurling, camogie, Gaelic football, handball and rounders.
A Gaelic Athletic Association county is a geographic region within the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA), controlled by a county board and originally based on the 32 counties of Ireland as they were in 1884.
Gaelic football (Irish: Peil Ghaelach; short name Peil or Caid), commonly referred to as football or Gaelic, is an Irish team sport.
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Gaelic handball (known in Ireland simply as handball; liathróid láimhe) is a sport played in Ireland where players hit a ball with a hand or fist against a wall in such a way as to make a shot the opposition cannot return, and that may be played with two (singles) or four players (doubles).
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The Gaelic revival (Athbheochan na Gaeilge) was the late-nineteenth-century national revival of interest in the Irish language (known as Gaelic) and Irish Gaelic culture (including folklore, sports, music, arts, etc.). Irish had diminished as a spoken tongue, remaining the main daily language only in isolated rural areas, with English as the dominant language of the majority of Ireland.
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The Gaels (Na Gaeil; Na Gàidheil), also known as Goidels, are an ethnolinguistic group indigenous to northwestern Europe.
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A Gaelscoil (plural: Gaelscoileanna) is an Irish-medium school (particularly primary school) in Ireland: the term refers especially to Irish-medium schools outside the Irish-speaking regions.
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Gareth Maybin (born 14 September 1980) is a Northern Irish professional golfer.
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Garrison is a small village near Lough Melvin in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
George Best (22 May 1946 – 25 November 2005) was a Northern Irish professional footballer who played as a winger for Manchester United and the Northern Ireland national team.
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George Best Belfast City Airport is a single-runway airport in Belfast, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
George Osborne (born Gideon Oliver Osborne; 23 May 1971) is a British politician and member of the Conservative Party who has been First Secretary of State since 2015, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Second Lord of the Treasury since 2010 and Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton since 2001.
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George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
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The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich), variously referred to as the German Reich or Realm, or Imperial Germany, was the historical German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 to the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in November 1918, when Germany became a federal republic.
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The Giant's Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption.
Glendermott Cricket Club is a cricket club in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, playing in the North West Championship.
The Glens of Antrim, (Placenames Database of Ireland) known locally as simply The Glens, is a region of County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
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"God Save the Queen" (alternatively "God Save the King") is the national and/or royal anthem in a number of Commonwealth realms, their territories, and the British Crown Dependencies.
Golf Digest is a monthly golf magazine published by Condé Nast Publications in the United States.
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The Golfing Union of Ireland (GUI) is the governing body for men's and boy's amateur golf in Ireland.
The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste or Comhaontú Aoine an Chéasta; Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst Greeance or Guid Friday Greeance) was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s.
The Government of Ireland (Rialtas na hÉireann) is the cabinet that exercises executive authority in Ireland.
The Government of Ireland Act 1914 (4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 90), also known as the Home Rule Act, and before enactment as the Third Home Rule Bill, was an Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom intended to provide home rule (self-government within the United Kingdom) for Ireland.
The Government of Ireland Act 1920 (10 & 11 Geo. 5 c. 67) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The government of Northern Ireland is, generally speaking, whatever political body exercises political authority over Northern Ireland.
Her Majesty's Government (HMG), commonly referred to as the British government, Welsh: Llywodraeth Ei Mawrhydi, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Graeme McDowell (born 30 July 1979) is a professional golfer from Northern Ireland who plays on both the PGA Tour and European Tour.
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A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries, originally a school teaching classical languages but more recently an academically oriented secondary school.
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In rugby union, a Grand Slam (Irish: Caithréim Mhór. Welsh: Y Gamp Lawn. French: Le Grand Chelem) occurs when one team in the Six Nations Championship (or its Five Nations predecessor) manages to beat all the others during one year's competition.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
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Great Britain is the team that sends athletes from the United Kingdom (UK), all but three of its overseas territories and the three Crown dependencies, to the Olympic Games.
The Heineken Cup (known as the H Cup in France due to restrictions on alcohol sponsorship) was one of two annual rugby union competitions organised annually by European Rugby Cup from 1995 to 2014.
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Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death.
Hiberno‐English or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the Republic of Ireland as well as Northern Ireland.
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Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom (although it is also described by official sources as a province or a region), situated in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
Her Majesty's Treasury (HM Treasury), sometimes referred to as the Exchequer, or more informally the Treasury, is the United Kingdom government department responsible for developing and executing the British government's public finance policy and economic policy.
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Home rule is the power of a constituent part (administrative division) of a state to exercise such of the state's powers of governance within its own administrative area that have been decentralized to it by the central government.
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The Home Rule Crisis was a political and military crisis in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland that followed the introduction of the Third Home Rule Bill in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in 1912.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which, like the House of Lords (the upper house), meets in the Palace of Westminster.
The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
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A Huguenot is a member of a French Protestant denomination with origins in the 16th or 17th centuries.
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Human genetics is the study of inheritance as it occurs in human beings.
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Hurling (Iománaíocht/Iomáint) is an outdoor team game of ancient Gaelic and Irish origin, administered by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).
New!!: Northern Ireland and Hurling ·
Ian Richard Kyle Paisley, Baron Bannside, PC (6 April 1926 – 12 September 2014) was a loyalist politician and Protestant religious leader from Northern Ireland.
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Iarnród Éireann or Irish Rail is the national railway system operator of Ireland.
New!!: Northern Ireland and Iarnród Éireann ·
The ICC Intercontinental Cup is a cricket tournament organised by the International Cricket Council as part of its cricket development programme.
An ice sheet is a mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than, thus also known as continental glacier.
New!!: Northern Ireland and Ice sheet ·
The Independent International Commission on Decommissioning (IICD) was established to oversee the decommissioning of paramilitary weapons in Northern Ireland, as part of the peace process.
The Integrated education movement in Northern Ireland is an attempt to bring together children, parents and teachers from both Roman Catholic and Protestant traditions: the aim being to provide a balanced education, while allowing the opportunity to understand and respect all cultural and religious backgrounds.
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket.
International relations (IR) or international affairs, depending on academic institution, is either a field of political science or an interdisciplinary academic field similar to global studies, in which students take a variety of internationally focused courses in social science and humanities disciplines.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.
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The Ireland Act 1949 is a British Act of Parliament that was intended to deal with the consequences of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 as passed by the Irish parliament (Oireachtas).
A team representing Ireland has competed at the Summer Olympic Games since 1924, and at the Winter Olympic Games since 1992.
The Ireland cricket team is the cricket team representing all of Ireland.
The Ireland national rugby league team, known as the Wolfhounds, represents the entire island of Ireland in rugby league football.
The Ireland national rugby union team represents the island of Ireland (both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland) in rugby union.
"Ireland's Call" is a song commissioned by the Irish Rugby Football Union for use at international Rugby Union fixtures.
New!!: Northern Ireland and Ireland's Call ·
The Irish Boundary Commission (Coimisiún na Teorainne) was a commission which met in 1924–25 to decide on the precise delineation of the border between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland.
Irish Catholics are people who are Roman Catholic and Irish.
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The Irish Civil War (Cogadh Cathartha na hÉireann; 28 June 1922 – 24 May 1923) followed the Irish War of Independence and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State, an entity independent from the United Kingdom but within the British Empire.
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The Irish Football Association (IFA) is the organising body for association football in Northern Ireland.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was the state established in 1922 as a Dominion of the British Commonwealth of Nations under the Anglo-Irish Treaty signed by British and Irish representatives exactly twelve months beforehand.
The Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922 (Session 2) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, passed in 1922 to enact in UK law the Constitution of the Irish Free State, and to formally ratify the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty of 6 December 1921.
Irish (Gaeilge), sometimes referred to as Gaelic or Irish Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
New!!: Northern Ireland and Irish language ·
The mythology of pre-Christian Ireland did not entirely survive the conversion to Christianity.
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Irish nationalism asserts that the Irish people are a nation.
Irish nationality law is contained in the provisions of the Irish Nationality and Citizenship Acts 1956 to 2004 and in the relevant provisions of the Irish Constitution.
Irish passports are issued by the Consular and Passport Division of the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin, Ireland to Irish citizens.
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The Irish Rebellion of 1641 (Éirí Amach 1641) began as an attempted coup d'état by Irish Catholic gentry, who tried to seize control of the English administration in Ireland to force concessions for the Catholics living under English rule.
The Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798), also known as the United Irishmen Rebellion (Éirí Amach na nÉireannach Aontaithe), was an uprising against British rule in Ireland lasting from May to September 1798.
Irish republicanism (Poblachtánachas Éireannach) is an ideology based on the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
The Irish Rugby Football Union (IRFU) (Cumann Rugbaí na hÉireann) is the body managing rugby union in the island of Ireland (both Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland).
Irish Sign Language (ISL, Teanga Chomharthaíochta na hÉireann) is the sign language of Ireland, used primarily in the Republic of Ireland.
The Irish War of Independence (Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (the army of the Irish Republic) and the British security forces in Ireland.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence of religion, an indifference towards religion, a rejection of religion, or hostility towards religion.
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Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.
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ITV is a commercial TV network in the United Kingdom.
William Joseph Dunlop, OBE (25 February 1952 – 2 July 2000), was a world champion motorcyclist from Ballymoney in Northern Ireland.
New!!: Northern Ireland and Joey Dunlop ·
John Benjamins Publishing Company is an independent academic publisher in social sciences and humanities with its head office in Amsterdam.
John Marshall Watson, (born 4 May 1946) is a British former racing driver and commentator from Northern Ireland.
Jonathan Bardon (born in Dublin, 1941), OBE, is an Irish historian and author.
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Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority to interpret and apply the law, or to govern and legislate.
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The Kingdom of England was a state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially Great Britain,"After the political union of England and Scotland in 1707, the nation's official name became 'Great Britain'", The American Pageant, Volume 1, Cengage Learning (2012)"From 1707 until 1801 Great Britain was the official designation of the kingdoms of England and Scotland".
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a state in Ireland from the proclamation of King Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland by the Crown of Ireland Act 1542 until the Acts of Union 1800.
Kirkistown Motor Racing Circuit is a permanent motorsport circuit located between the villages of Kirkistown and Portavogie, on the Ards Peninsula of County Down in Northern Ireland.
English is the most spoken language in Northern Ireland.
Larne or Lairne (the name of a Gaelic territory) is a seaport and industrial market town, as well as a civil parish, on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland with a population of 18,323 people in the 2008 Estimate.
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The Larne gun-running was a major gun smuggling operation organised in April 1914 in Ireland by Major Frederick H. Crawford and Captain Wilfrid Spender for the Ulster Unionist Council to equip the Ulster Volunteer Force.
The League of Ireland Premier Division (Príomhroinn Sraith na hÉireann) is the top level division in the Republic of Ireland football league system.
A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.
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A lexicon is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
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Liam John Neeson, OBE (born 7 June 1952) is an Irish-American actor.
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Lisburn is a city in Northern Ireland, UK.
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This is a list of settlements in Northern Ireland by population.
This is a list of Members of the United Kingdom House of Lords who were born, live or lived in Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland is divided into 18 Parliamentary constituencies - 4 borough constituencies in Belfast and 14 county constituencies elsewhere.
Northern Ireland has had many people who have influenced society in many ways.
This is an alphabetical list of towns and villages in Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland is divided into 11 districts for local government purposes.
The Londonderry Air is an air that originated from County Londonderry in Ireland (now Northern Ireland).
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The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was the British monarch's official representative and head of the Irish executive during the Lordship of Ireland (1171–1541), the Kingdom of Ireland (1541–1800) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922).
Lough Erne or Loch Erne (pronounced) is the name of two connected lakes in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
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Lough Neagh, sometimes Loch Neagh, (pronounced) is a freshwater lake in Northern Ireland.
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Lyrics are words that make up a song usually consisting of verses and choruses.
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The M1 is a motorway in Northern Ireland.
The M12 is a length of spur motorway in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
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The M2 is a motorway in Belfast and County Antrim in Northern Ireland.
The M22 is a motorway in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
The M3 is an urban motorway 0.8 miles (1.3 km) in length owned by Siac Construction and Cintra, S.A. that connects the M2 in north Belfast, Northern Ireland to the A2 Sydenham Bypass in east Belfast.
The M5 is a spur motorway of 1.4 miles (2.3 km) length in north Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Mark Allen (born 22 February 1986) is a Northern Irish professional snooker player.
James Martin Pacelli McGuinness (Séamus Máirtín Pacelli Mag Aonghusa; born 23 May 1950) is an Irish republican Sinn Féin politician who has been the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland since 2007.
Medb (Old Irish spelling,; Middle Irish: Meḋḃ, Meaḋḃ; early modern Irish: Meadhbh,; Modern Irish: Méabh, Medbh or Maebh; sometimes Anglicised Maeve, Maev or Maive) is queen of Connacht in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology.
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A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected by the voters to the Northern Ireland Assembly in Northern Ireland.
The men's major golf championships, commonly known as the Major Championships, and often referred to simply as the majors, are the four most prestigious annual tournaments in professional golf.
The Met Office (officially the Meteorological Office until 2000) is the United Kingdom's national weather service.
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The Methodist Church in Ireland (Ulster-Scots: Methody Kirk in Airlann) is a Wesleyan Methodist church that operates across both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on an all-Ireland basis.
Michael George Hoey (born 13 February 1979) is a Northern Irish professional golfer who plays on the European Tour.
A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a territory.
The Motor Sports Association (MSA, formerly known as RAC MSA), is the official governing body of motorsport in the United Kingdom.
The Mourne Mountains (Irish: na Beanna Boirche), also called the Mournes or Mountains of Mourne, are a granite mountain range in County Down in the south-east of Northern Ireland.
Murals in Northern Ireland have become symbols of Northern Ireland, depicting the region's past and present political and religious divisions.
Mussenden Temple is a small circular building located on cliffs near Castlerock in County Londonderry, high above the Atlantic Ocean on the north-western coast of Northern Ireland.
A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song etc.) is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.
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National conservatism is a political term used primarily in Europe to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests than standard conservatism as well as upholding cultural and ethnic identity, while not being outspokenly nationalist or supporting a far-right approach.
The United Kingdom has 15 National Parks.
Navan Fort (Old Irish: Emaın Macha, Modern Irish: Eamhain Mhacha is an ancient monument in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. According to Irish mythology, it was one of the great royal sites of pre-Christian Gaelic Ireland and the capital of the Ulaidh. It is a large circular enclosure—marked by a bank and ditch—with a circular mound and the remains of a ring barrow in the middle. Archeological investigations show that there were once buildings on the site, including a huge roundhouse-like structure. The site is believed to have had a pagan ceremonial purpose. According to the Oxford Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, "the of myth and legend is a far grander and mysterious place than archeological excavation supports". The name Eamhain Mhacha is thought to mean "the pair of Macha" or "the twins of Macha". 'Navan' is an anglicisation of the Irish An Eamhain.
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Newry is a city in Northern Ireland, from Belfast and from Dublin.
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Newtownabbey is a major urban area on the outskirts of north Belfast in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
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Newtownards is a large town, townland and civil parish in County Down, Northern Ireland.
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NI Railways, also known as Northern Ireland Railways (NIR) and for a brief period Ulster Transport Railways (UTR), is the railway operator in Northern Ireland.
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NIFL Championship 1 is the second division of the Northern Ireland Football League, the national football league in Northern Ireland, and the highest intermediate division in Northern Ireland.
The NIFL Premiership (known as the Danske Bank Premiership for sponsorship purposes) is a semi-professional association football league which operates as the highest division of the Northern Ireland Football League – the national league in Northern Ireland.
The Nine Years' War (Cogadh na Naoi mBliana or Cogadh Naoi mBlian) or Tyrone's Rebellion took place in Ireland from 1594 to 1603.
Nomenclature is a system of names or terms, or the rules for forming these terms in a particular field of arts or sciences.
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A Non-Resident Indian (NRI) is a citizen of India who holds an Indian passport and has temporarily emigrated to another country for six months or more for employment, residence, education or any other purpose.
The North/South Ministerial Council (NSMC) (An Chomhairle Aireachta Thuaidh-Theas, Ulster-Scots: North South Meinisterlie Council) is a body established under the Good Friday Agreement to co-ordinate activity and exercise certain governmental powers across the whole island of Ireland.
Northern Ireland is a constituency of the European Parliament.
The Northern Ireland Act 1974 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that made provision for the government of Northern Ireland following the collapse of the Sunningdale Agreement.
The Northern Ireland Act 1998 (c.47) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which established a devolved legislature for Northern Ireland, the Northern Ireland Assembly, after decades of direct rule from Westminster.
The Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlan Assemblie) is the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland.
The second elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly, which at the time of the elections had been suspended for just over a year, were held on Wednesday 26 November 2003.
The third elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly were held on 7 March 2007 when 108 members were elected.
Northern Ireland has competed in eighteen of the twenty Commonwealth Games beginning with the second games, held in 1934.
Northern Ireland Billiards and Snooker Association or NIBSA is the national governing body for Snooker and Billiards in Northern Ireland, appointed by the Sports Council for Northern Ireland, Sport NI.
The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (Cumann Chearta Sibhialta Thuaisceart Éireann) was an organisation which campaigned for civil rights for the Catholic minority in Northern Ireland during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973 (c. 36) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which received the royal assent on 18 July 1973.
The Northern Ireland Executive is the administrative branch of the Northern Ireland Assembly, the devolved legislature for Northern Ireland.
The Northern Ireland flags issue is one that divides the population along sectarian lines.
The Northern Ireland Football League (commonly abbreviated to NIFL) is the national football league of Northern Ireland.
The Northern Ireland Football League Cup (known as the JBE League Cup for sponsorship purposes) and previously the Irish League Cup, is a national football knock-out cup competition in Northern Ireland open to the 40 Northern Ireland Football League clubs.
Northern Irish law or Northern Ireland law refers to the legal system of statute and common law operating in Northern Ireland since the partition of Ireland established Northern Ireland as a separate jurisdiction within the United Kingdom in 1921.
The Northern Ireland national football team represents Northern Ireland in international association football.
The Northern Ireland Office (NIO; Oifig Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann Oaffis) is a British government department responsible for Northern Irish affairs. The NIO is led by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland and is based at Stormont House in Belfast and 1 Horse Guards Road in London.
The Northern Ireland peace process is often considered to cover the events leading up to the 1994 Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) ceasefire, the end of most of the violence of the Troubles, the Good Friday (or Belfast) Agreement, and subsequent political developments.
Northern Ireland Sign language (NISL) is a sign language used mainly by Deaf people in Northern Ireland.
The Northern Ireland sovereignty referendum of 1973 (also known as the Border Poll) was a referendum held in Northern Ireland on 8 March 1973 on whether Northern Ireland should remain part of the United Kingdom or join with the Republic of Ireland to form a united Ireland.
The Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) is an executive agency within the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.
The Northern Ireland Tourist Board (NITB) (Bord Turasóireachta Thuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann Reengin Boord) is a non-departmental public body of the Department of Enterprise Trade and Investment.
An oceanic climate (also known as marine, west coast and maritime) is the climate typical of the west coasts at the middle latitudes of most continents, and generally features warm (but not hot) summers and cool (but not cold) winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range.
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The modern Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting event featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
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The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal organisation based primarily in Northern Ireland.
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An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Northern Ireland.
Overseas Chinese are people of Chinese birth or descent who live outside the People's Republic of China and Republic of China (Taiwan).
"Palestinian territories" and "occupied Palestinian territories" (OPT or oPt) are descriptions often used to describe the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip.
Parades are an important part of the culture of Northern Ireland.
The Parliament Act 1911 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Parliament Buildings, commonly known as Stormont because of its location in the Stormont Estate area of Belfast, is the seat of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England.
The Parliament of Great Britain was formed in 1707 following the ratification of the Acts of Union by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland.
The Parliament of Ireland was a legislature that existed in Dublin from 1297 until 1800.
The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the Home Rule legislature of Northern Ireland, created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which sat from 7 June 1921 to 30 March 1972, when it was suspended with the introduction of Direct Rule.
The partition of Ireland (críochdheighilt na hÉireann) was the division of the island of Ireland into two distinct territories, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland.
Paul Anthony Elliott Bew, Baron Bew (born 22 January 1950) is a Northern Irish historian.
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The Peep o' Day Boys was an agrarian Protestant association in 18th century Ireland.
In Ireland, Penal Laws (Na Péindlíthe) are a series of laws imposed in an attempt to force Irish Roman Catholics and Protestant dissenters (such as Presbyterians) to accept the reformed denomination as defined by the English state established Anglican Church and practised by members of the Irish state established Church of Ireland.
The people of Northern Ireland are "all persons born in Northern Ireland and having, at the time of their birth, at least one parent who is a British citizen, an Irish citizen or is otherwise entitled to reside in Northern Ireland without any restriction on their period of residence,"The Good Friday Agreement guarantees the "recognition of the birthright of all the people of Northern Ireland to identify themselves and be accepted as Irish or British, or both, as they may so choose." under the Belfast Agreement.
The Plantation of Ulster (Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr) was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulstera province of Irelandby people from Great Britain during the reign of King James I. Most of the colonists came from Scotland and England.
Plantations in 16th and 17th century Ireland were the confiscation of land by the English crown and the colonisation of this land with settlers from England (particularly the Border Counties) and the Scottish Lowlands.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.
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The Office of the Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland (OPONI; Ombudsman Póilíní do Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Owersman fur tha Polis o Norlin Airlann) is a non-departmental public body intended to provide an independent, impartial police complaints system for the people and police under the Police (Northern Ireland) Acts of 1998 and 2000.
The Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) (Seirbhís Póilíneachta Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster Scots: Polis Servis o Norlin Airlan) is the police force that serves Northern Ireland.
Since 1998, Northern Ireland has devolved government within the United Kingdom.
Portadown is a town in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
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Portadown Railway Station serves Portadown in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
Poynings' Law or the Statute of Drogheda (10 Hen.7 c.4 or 10 Hen.7 c.9; later titled "An Act that no Parliament be holden in this Land until the Acts be certified into England") was a 1494 Act of the Parliament of Ireland which provided that the parliament could not meet until its proposed legislation had been approved both by Ireland's Lord Deputy and Privy Council and by England's monarch and Privy Council.
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The Presbyterian Church in Ireland (PCI) (Eaglais Phreispitéireach in Éirinn, Ulster-Scots: Prisbytairin Kirk in Airlann) is the largest Presbyterian denomination in Ireland, and the largest Protestant denomination in Northern Ireland.
Presbyterianism is a part of the Reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to the British Isles.
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A principality (or princedom) can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or by a monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince.
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The Pro12 (known as the Guinness Pro12 for sponsorship reasons) (formerly known as the Celtic League, Magners League and RaboDirect Pro12) is an annual rugby union competition involving twelve professional sides from Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales.
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The Protestant Ascendancy, usually known simply as the Ascendancy, was the political, economic and social domination of Ireland by a minority of landowners, Protestant clergy and members of the professions, all members of the Established Church (the Church of Ireland and Church of England) between the 17th century and the early 20th century.
Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.
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The Protestants of Ulster are an ethnoreligious group in the province of Ulster, Ireland.
A province is almost always an administrative division, within a country or state.
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Ireland has historically been divided into four provinces: Connacht, Leinster, Munster and Ulster.
From 1969 until 1997,Moloney, p. 472 the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) conducted an armed paramilitary campaign primarily in Northern Ireland and England, aimed at ending British rule in Northern Ireland in order to create a united Ireland.
A pub, formally public house (a house "open to the public", as opposed to a private house), is a drinking establishment in the culture of Britain, Britannica.com; Subscription Required.
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Q102.9 "Northwest's Best Music" is a radio station based in Derry, County Londonderry.
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Quaternary glaciation, also known as the Pleistocene glaciation or the current ice age, refers to a series of glacial events separated by interglacial events during the Quaternary period from 2.58 Ma (million years ago) to present.
Queen's University Belfast is a public research university in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Raidió Teilifís Éireann (Radio Television of Ireland; abbreviated as RTÉ) is a semi-state company and the national public service broadcaster of Ireland.
Randalstown is a townland and small town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, located between the towns of Antrim and Toome.
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Rathlin Island is an island (and civil parish) off the coast of County Antrim and the northernmost point of Northern Ireland.
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In geography, regions are areas broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography).
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Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland.
The Republic of Ireland–United Kingdom border is the boundary between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
In the United Kingdom reserved matters and excepted matters are the areas of government policy where the UK Parliament had kept the power (jurisdiction) to make laws (legislate) in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.
The River Bann (an Bhanna, from ban-dea, meaning "goddess") is the longest river in Ulster, its length, Upper and Lower Bann combined, being 129 km (80 mi).
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The River Blackwater or Ulster Blackwater is a river in County Armagh and County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
The River Foyle is a river in west Ulster in the northwest of the island of Ireland, which flows from the confluence of the rivers Finn and Mourne at the towns of Lifford in County Donegal, Republic of Ireland, and Strabane in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
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The River Lagan (Ulster Scots: Lagan Wattèr) is a major river in Northern Ireland which runs 53.5 miles (86 km) from the Slieve Croob mountain in County Down to Belfast where it enters Belfast Lough, an inlet of the Irish Sea.
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Robert Kee, CBE (5 October 1919 – 11 January 2013) was a British broadcaster, journalist and writer, known for his historical works on World War II and Ireland.
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Robin Henry Alexander Eames, Baron Eames OM (born 27 April 1937) was the Anglican Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh from 1986 to 2006.
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The Diocese of Derry (Deoise Dhoire) is a diocese in the north of Ireland.
The Roman Catholic Church in Ireland is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church.
Ronan Patrick Rafferty (born 13 January 1964) is a Northern Irish professional golfer, who formerly played on the European Tour.
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Rory McIlroy, (born 4 May 1989) is a Northern Irish professional golfer from Holywood in County Down who is a member of both the European and PGA Tours.
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The village of Rosslare Harbour (Yola: Rosslaarè) grew up to serve the needs of the harbour of the same name (now called Rosslare Europort), first developed in 1906 by the Great Western Railway and the Great Southern and Western Railway to accommodate steamferry traffic between Great Britain and Ireland.
Rounders (cluiche corr) is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams.
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Royal assent is the method by which a country's constitutional monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament, thus making it a law or letting it be promulgated as law.
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A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
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Royal County Down Golf Club |lat.
Royal Portrush Golf Club is a private golf club in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
The Royal Ulster Constabulary was the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001.
In 1995 and 2000, the Rugby League International Federation held an Emerging Nations Tournament alongside the Rugby League World Cup.
Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
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Saint Patrick's Saltire or Saint Patrick's Cross is a red saltire (X-shaped cross) on a white field, used to represent the island of Ireland or Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.
A saltire is a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross, like the shape of the letter X in Roman type.
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Save Ulster from Sodomy was a political campaign launched in 1977 by the Reverend Ian Paisley, MP, then leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) and Free Presbyterian Church, to prevent the decriminalisation of homosexuality in Northern Ireland.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from the Irish province of Ulster who migrated to North America during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
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Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
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Scottish Gaelic, sometimes also referred to as Gaelic (Gàidhlig), is a Celtic language native to Scotland.
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Seamus Justin Heaney, MRIA (13 April 1939 – 30 August 2013) was an Irish poet, playwright, translator and lecturer, and the recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Literature.
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Seamus Mallon, MP first Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland (1999–2001).
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A secret society is a club or organization whose activities, events, and inner functioning are concealed from non-members.
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Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, informally known as the Northern Ireland Secretary, is the principal secretary of state in Her Majesty's Government with responsibilities for Northern Ireland.
Sectarianism is a form of bigotry, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching importance to perceived differences between subdivisions within a group, such as between different denominations of a religion, nationalism, class, regional or factions of a political movement.
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A semi-professional athlete is one who is not normally paid, and for whom the sport is not a full-time occupation.
The Setanta Sports Cup, commonly known as just the Setanta Cup, is a club football competition featuring teams from both football associations on the island of Ireland.
Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.
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The Siege of Derry (Léigear Dhoire) involved a pre-emptive lockdown of the gates of Derry in December 1688Macaulay, T. B..
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The Siege or Battle of Kinsale (Léigear/Cath Chionn tSáile) was the ultimate battle in England's conquest of Gaelic Ireland.
A sign language (also signed language or simply signing) is a language which uses manual communication and body language to convey meaning, as opposed to acoustically conveyed sound patterns.
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The single transferable vote (STV) is a voting system designed to achieve proportional representation through ranked voting in multi-seat constituencies (voting districts).
Sinn Féin is an Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
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The Six Nations Championship is an annual international rugby union competition involving six European sides: England, France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales.
Slieve Donard is an mountain in County Down, Northern Ireland.
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Snooker is a cue sport played on a table covered with a green cloth or baize, with pockets at each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions.
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Social democracy is a political ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a capitalist economy, and a policy regime involving welfare state provisions, collective bargaining arrangements, regulation of the economy in the general interest, redistribution of income and wealth, and a commitment to representative democracy.
The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP; Páirtí Sóisialta Daonlathach an Lucht Oibre) is a social-democratic and Irish nationalist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Society of United Irishmen was founded as a liberal political organisation in eighteenth century Ireland that initially sought Parliamentary reform.
Southern Ireland was the name given to the larger of the two parts of Ireland that were created when Ireland was partitioned under the Government of Ireland Act 1920.
The Sperrins or Sperrin Mountains are a range of mountains in Northern Ireland and one of the largest upland areas in Ireland.
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The St Andrews Agreement (Comhaontú Chill Rímhinn; Ulster Scots: St Andra's 'Greement, St Andrew's Greeance or St Andrae's Greeance) was an agreement between the British and Irish governments and Northern Ireland's political parties in relation to the devolution of power in the region.
Statutory law or statute law is written law (as opposed to oral or customary law) set down by a legislature (as opposed to regulatory law promulgated by the executive or common law of the judiciary) or by a legislator (in the case of an absolute monarchy).
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Stormont is a first-class cricket ground in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Stormontgate is the name given to the controversy surrounding an alleged Provisional Irish Republican Army spy ring and intelligence-gathering operation based in Stormont, the parliament building of Northern Ireland.
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Strangford Lough or Strangford Loch (Loch Cuan) is a large sea loch or inlet in County Down, in the east of Northern Ireland.
Sydenham railway station is located in the townland of Ballymisert in east Belfast, and is within walking distance of Belfast City Airport and Victoria Park.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language.
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The Taoiseach is the head of government or prime minister of Ireland.
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Numbers on the Irish Telephone Numbering Plan are regulated and assigned to operators by ComReg.
Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom are administered by the UK government's Office of Communications (Ofcom).
TG4 (TG Ceathair; or) is an Irish public service broadcaster for Irish-language speakers.
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The Daily Telegraph is a British daily morning English-language broadsheet newspaper, published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed throughout the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.
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The Irish News is a compact-sized daily newspaper based in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
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The News Letter is one of Northern Ireland's main daily newspapers, published Monday to Saturday.
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The North/South Language Body (An Foras Teanga Thuaidh/Theas; Ulster-Scots: Tha Noarth/Sooth Boord o Leid or The Langage Curn) is an implementation body, provided for by the Belfast Agreement, that exists to implement policies agreed by Ministers in the North/South Ministerial Council (NSMC) in Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland with regard to the Irish and Ulster-Scots (or "Ullans") languages on a cross border all Island basis.
The Open Championship, or simply The Open (often referred to as the British Open), is the oldest of the four major championships in professional golf.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) is the common name for the ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland that spilled over at various times into parts of the Republic of Ireland, England and mainland Europe.
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The Twelfth (also called Orangemen's Day) is a celebration held on 12 July by the Orange Order, a Protestant fraternal organisation originating in late 18th century Ulster.
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Timothy Garton Ash CMG FRSA (born 12 July 1955) is a British historian, author and commentator.
Thomas "Tommy" Makem (4 November 1932 – 1 August 2007) was an internationally celebrated Irish folk musician, artist, poet and storyteller.
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Most of the transport system in Ireland is in public hands, either side of the Irish border.
The Treaty of Limerick (Conradh Luimnigh) ended the Williamite War in Ireland between the Jacobites and the supporters of William of Orange and concluded the Siege of Limerick.
In rugby union, the Triple Crown is an honour contested annually by the so-called "Home Nations" - i.e. England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales who compete within the larger Six Nations Championship.
The Twenty-seventh Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland provided that children born on the island of Ireland to parents who were both foreign nationals would no longer have a constitutional right to citizenship of the Republic of Ireland.
The Tyrone County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael, Coiste Chontae Tír Eoghain), or Tyrone GAA, is one of the 32 county boards of the Gaelic Athletic Association in Ireland.
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The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open golf tournament of the United States.
The UK Statistics Authority (UKSA, Awdurdod Ystadegau'r DU) is an independent body operating at arm's length from Government as a non-ministerial department, directly accountable to Parliament.
The Ulaid (Old Irish) or Ulaidh (modern Irish) were a people and dynastic group of early Ireland who gave their name to the province of Ulster.
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Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
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The Ulster Banner was the flag of the Government of Northern Ireland, and de facto flag of Northern Ireland, from 1953 to 1972.
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The Ulster Cycle (an Rúraíocht), formerly known as the Red Branch Cycle, one of the four great cycles of Irish mythology, is a body of medieval Irish heroic legends and sagas of the traditional heroes of the Ulaid in what is now eastern Ulster and northern Leinster, particularly counties Armagh, Down and Louth, and taking place around or before the 1st century AD.
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The Ulster Defence Association (UDA) is the largest Ulster loyalist paramilitary and vigilante group in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Council (Comhairle Uladh) is a Provincial council of the Gaelic Athletic Association sports of hurling, Gaelic football, camogie, and handball in the province of Ulster.
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Ulster loyalism is a political ideology found primarily among working class Ulster Protestants in Northern Ireland.
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The Ulster Museum, located in the Botanic Gardens in Belfast, has around 8,000 square metres of public display space, featuring material from the collections of fine art and applied art, archaeology, ethnography, treasures from the Spanish Armada, local history, numismatics, industrial archaeology, botany, zoology and geology.
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Ulster nationalism is a school of thought in Northern Irish politics that seeks the independence of Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom without joining the Republic of Ireland, thereby becoming an independent sovereign state separate from both.
The Ulster Orchestra is a symphony orchestra based in Belfast, the only full-time professional orchestra in Northern Ireland.
Ulster Rugby (Rugbaí Ulaidh) is one of the four professional provincial rugby teams from the island of Ireland.
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Ulster Says No was the name and slogan of a unionist mass protest campaign against the provisions of the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement which gave the government of the Republic of Ireland an advisory role in the governance of Northern Ireland.
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Ulster Scots or Ulster-Scots (Ulstèr-Scotch) generally refers to the dialects of Scots spoken in parts of Ulster in Ireland.
The Ulster Senior Football Championship is a GAA competition for Gaelic football teams at inter-county level within the Irish province of Ulster.
The Ulster Senior Hurling Championship is the premier inter-county "knockout" competition in the game of hurling played in the province of Ulster.
The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is one of the two main unionist political parties in Northern Ireland.
Ulster University (Ollscoil Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr Universitie or Ulstèr Varsitie) is a multi-campus, co-educational university located in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Volunteers were a unionist militia founded in 1912 to block self-government (or Home Rule) for Ireland, which was then part of the United Kingdom.
The Ulster-Scots Agency (Tha Boord o Ulstèr-Scotch) is a cross-border body in Ireland which seeks to "promote the study, conservation and development of Ulster-Scots as a living language; to encourage and develop the full range of its attendant culture; and to promote an understanding of the history of the Ulster-Scots.".
The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.
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In Ireland, unionism is an ideology which favours the continuation of some form of political union between Ireland and Great Britain.
A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.
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A united Ireland is a movement for a sovereign state covering all of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The United Kingdom general election of 1918 was called immediately after the Armistice with Germany which ended World War I, and held on Saturday 14 December 1918.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established on 1 January 1801 under the terms of the Acts of Union 1800, by which the nominally separate kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were united.
The United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names is a periodic international conference organised by the United Nations Statistical Commission, the central purpose of which is to facilitate the standardization of national geographical names.
A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a physical quantity, defined and adopted by convention or by law, that is used as a standard for measurement of the same physical quantity.
UTV (formerly Ulster Television) is a commercial television broadcaster in Northern Ireland owned and operated by UTV Media plc as part of the UK-wide ITV Network.
Sir George Ivan Morrison, OBE (born 31 August 1945) is a Northern Irish singer, songwriter and musician.
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Vehicle registration plates are the mandatory number plates used to display the registration mark of a vehicle, and have existed in the United Kingdom since 1903.
The Walker Cup is a golf trophy contested in odd numbered years by leading amateur golfers in two teams: United States, and Great Britain and Ireland.
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The Wars of the Three Kingdoms formed an intertwined series of conflicts that took place in England, Ireland and Scotland between 1639 and 1651.
White people is a racial classification specifier, depending on context used for people of Caucasian ancestry.
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The Williamite War in Ireland (1688–1691)—Cogadh an Dá Rí, meaning "war of the two kings"—was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of the English Catholic King James II) and Williamites (supporters of the Dutch Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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The 1958 FIFA World Cup, the sixth staging of the World Cup, was hosted by Sweden from 8 to 29 June.
The 1982 FIFA World Cup, the 12th FIFA World Cup, was held in Spain from 13 June to 11 July 1982.
The 1982 Formula One season was the 33rd season of FIA Formula One motor racing.
The 1986 FIFA World Cup, the 13th FIFA World Cup, was held in Mexico from 31 May to 29 June 1986.
The 1999 Formula One season was the 50th FIA Formula One World Championship season.
The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup was the 9th edition of the Cricket World Cup tournament that took place in the West Indies from 13 March to 28 April 2007, using the sport's One Day International format.
The 2009 ICC World Twenty20 was an international Twenty20 cricket tournament which took place in England in June 2009.