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November 2003

The following events occurred in November 2003. [1]

741 relations: ABC News, Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, Acronyms in the Philippines, Action film, Aden, Adolf Hitler, Adolfo Aguilar Zínser, Afghanistan, African National Congress, Ahmed Qurei, Airbus, Airbus A380, Airbus Group, Akhmed Zakayev, Al Arabiya, Al Jazeera, Al-Qaeda, Alabama, Alaska, Alberto Fujimori, Alejandro Toledo, Alessandra Mussolini, Aleutian Islands, Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, AllianceBernstein, Ambassador, American Civil Liberties Union, American football, Anal sex, Andre Agassi, Anglican Communion, Annenberg Public Policy Center, Anti-globalization movement, Antisemitism, Ariel Sharon, Arizona, Arlington National Cemetery, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Arthritis, Association football, Atoll, ATP World Tour Finals, Attorney general, Australian Labor Party, Autopsy, AXA, Axis of evil, Álvaro Colom, Óscar Berger, Ba'ath Party, ..., Baghdad, Baghdad International Airport, Bagram, Bank of England, Baqubah, Barclays, Barry Bonds, Basra, Baton (law enforcement), BBC, BC Rail, Benito Mussolini, Berlin, Bermuda Bowl, Bet Israel Synagogue (Istanbul), Bettina Goislard, Birmingham, Alabama, BitKeeper, Blood, Bobby Jindal, Boeing CH-47 Chinook, Bolivia, Bolivian gas conflict, Bomb, Boris Yeltsin, Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Boycott, Brisbane, British Columbia, Buckingham Palace, Bundesrat of Germany, Bundestag, Cabinet of Canada, California, California gubernatorial recall election, CalPERS, Canadian Alliance, Canadian federal election, 2004, Canadian National Railway, Cancer, Cannabis (drug), Capital punishment, Car, Car bomb, Carlos Mesa, Caucus, Ceasefire, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Central Intelligence Agency, Chandrika Kumaratunga, Charles, Prince of Wales, Chechnya, Chen Shui-bian, Chess, Chief executive officer, Chinese Unification, Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Chrono Crusade, Cincinnati, Civilian, Clark T. Randt, Jr., Clear and present danger, Clinical trial, CNN, Coca eradication, Coca-Cola, Cocaine, College football, College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University, Colombia, Commando, Commonwealth of Nations, Communism, Computer virus, Computer worm, Computer-generated imagery, Concorde, Conrad Black, Conservatism, Conservative Party (UK), Constitutionality, Consul (representative), Contract bridge, Convoy, Coordinated Universal Time, Copyright, Coroner, Coup d'état, Court, Croatia, Cycloserine, Daily Mirror, Dallas Stars, Database, David Miller (Canadian politician), Davis Cup, Democracy, Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong, Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Unionist Party, Deputy Governor, Deputy Prime Minister of Canada, DHL Aviation, Dial-up Internet access, Dictatorship, District Councils of Hong Kong, Diyala Governorate, Dmitry Medvedev, Donald Rumsfeld, Dragoljub Mićunović, Dubai, Dublin, Earth, Earthquake, Economics, Economy of Japan, Ecuador, Eddie Robinson (American football coach), Edmonton, Eduard Shevardnadze, Efraín Ríos Montt, Egypt, Elections in Serbia, Electoral district, Electric power, Eliot Spitzer, Email, Embargo, Energy, Enron, Epidemic, Episcopal Church (United States), Euro, Eurobarometer, European Commission, European Convention on Human Rights, European Social Forum, European Union, Eurozone, Evil empire, Extradition, Famous for being famous, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Communications Commission, Federal government of the United States, Fermilab, Fernando Poe, Jr., Fine art, FirstEnergy, Flags of the Confederate States of America, Ford Motor Company, Foreign exchange market, Foreign minister, Foreign policy, Foreign relations of Taiwan, Free software, Free trade, Free Trade Area of the Americas, Garry Kasparov, Gary Ridgway, Gay bishops, Gay Games, Gazprom Neft, GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast, Gel, Gene Robinson, General Motors, General officer, Geneva Conventions, Geneva Initiative (2003), Genocide, Geoff Hoon, George Smith (royal servant), George Soros, George W. Bush, Georgia (country), Gerhard Schröder, Gianfranco Fini, Glacier, Glasgow, Global Environment Facility, Global warming, Gloucester, Good Friday Agreement, Goodridge v. Department of Public Health, Gordie Howe, Governor of California, Graham Harrell, Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front, Great Lakes, Green Line (Israel), Greenpeace, Gross domestic product, Guantanamo Bay detention camp, Guatemalan general election, 2003, Guerrilla warfare, Hacker (computer security), Hamilton County, Ohio, Hawaii, Head of state, Heart, Heathrow Airport, Hebei, Helicopter, Highland Park High School (University Park, Texas), History of Iraq (2003–11), HIV/AIDS, Homosexuality, Hong Kong, Hosni Mubarak, House of Commons of Canada, Howard Dean, HSBC Bank (Turkey), Human rights, Humanitarian aid, Hypersonic speed, Ian Paisley, Ice hockey, ICM Research, Identity document, Illegal immigration, Immigration, India, Indian Ocean, Influenza, Information Centre for Human Rights and Democracy, Initiative, Injunction, Insurgency, Intact dilation and extraction, Intellectual property, Intelligence assessment, International Committee of the Red Cross, International Criminal Court, Internet, Internet pornography, Interpol, Iran, Iraq, Iraq War, Iraqi Governing Council, Iraqi insurgency (2003–11), Islamism, Israel, Israeli West Bank barrier, Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Istanbul, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, J. Edgar Hoover, Jalal Talabani, James Forlong, Japanese Communist Party, Japanese general election, 2003, Jasper Tsang Yok-sing, Javier Solana, Jean Chrétien, Jessica Lynch, Joan Kroc, Jody Morris, Johan Steyn, Baron Steyn, John Abizaid, John Allen Muhammad, John Connally, John F. Kennedy, John Gagliardi, John Howard, John Manley, John McCain, John Negroponte, John Prescott, Journalism, Journalist, Juan Carlos Ferrero, Junichirō Koizumi, Kami (Takalani Sesame), Karbala, Kashmir, Kathleen Blanco, Kauai, Kevin Rudd, Kevin Shelley, Kim Beazley, Kiribati, Kirkuk, Kofi Annan, Kuomintang, Larry Flynt, Latin America, Latvia, Lebanon, Leech, Leeds United F.C., Legislative assembly, Legislative Yuan, Liberal Party of Canada, Likud, Limited liability company, Linus Torvalds, Linux, Linux distribution, Linux kernel, List of districts of Pakistan, List of ethnic riots, List of Governors of Louisiana, Local number portability, Lockerbie, Locust, London, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Lorenzo Lauria, Lorne Calvert, Los Angeles, Louisiana, Lunar eclipse, M. G. Vassanji, Mahogany, Mainland China, Manhunt (video game), Mark Latham, Mark Messier, Mark Philippoussis, Marshall Islands, Martial law, Martin Hohmann, Mass grave, Mass media, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, Matthew Stafford, Maynooth University, McDonald's, Mecca, Medical cannabis, Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act, Melbourne, Mexico, Miami, Michael Howard, Michael Jackson, Michael Peat, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Midcontinent Independent System Operator, Middle East, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Mikheil Saakashvili, Military, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Monaco, Montreal, Moon, Moratorium (law), Mortar (weapon), Moscow, Moshe Ya'alon, Most Valuable Player, Mosul, Multiple sclerosis, Multnomah County, Oregon, Munich, Mutual fund, Myron Thompson, Najaf, Nasiriyah, National Abortion Federation, National Cancer Institute, National Diet, National Guard of the United States, National Hockey League, National League, Nazism, Nebraska, Netherlands, New York, New York Rangers, New Zealand, New Zealand national rugby union team, Nickel (United States coin), Nino Burjanadze, Norfolk, Virginia, North American Aerospace Defense Command, North Korea, North Korea and weapons of mass destruction, Northeast blackout of 2003, Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Assembly, Northern Ireland Assembly election, 2003, Northern Ireland Women's Coalition, Northwest Territories general election, 2003, Novell, NPR, Oncogene, Open source, Operating system, Opinion poll, Osama bin Laden, Ottawa, Pakistan, Palestinian territories, Palestinians, Pan Am Flight 103, Pan-Blue Coalition, Paris, Paris Hilton, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, Party of Democratic Socialism (Germany), Paul Bremer, Paul Martin, Pauline Hanson, Peasant, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Personal ordinariate, Peru, Pervez Musharraf, Phencyclidine, Philippines, Phobia, Physician, Pickup truck, Planned Parenthood, Poland, Police, Police brutality, Political freedom, Politics, Politics of Canada, Politics of Germany, Politics of Italy, Politics of Japan, Politics of the Republic of China, Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, Populus Ltd, Pornographic film, Pornography, Portland General Electric, Portland, Oregon, Portugal, Premier of the People's Republic of China, President, President of Pakistan, President of the Republic of China, President of the United States, Pride parade, Prime minister, Prime Minister of Canada, Prime Minister of Israel, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, Prince of Wales, Private Secretary, Privatization, Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Progressive Unionist Party, Propaganda, Public utility district, Putnam Investments, Qatar, Queen's University Belfast, Ramadan, Ranil Wickremesinghe, Rape, Ray Kroc, Red Sea, Referendum, Regional bank, Rend al-Rahim Francke, Reoviridae, Republic of China presidential election, 2004, Republican Party (United States), Reserve Bank of Australia, Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, Richard Perle, Richard Stallman, Rick Salomon, Right-wing politics, Riyadh, RMS Queen Mary 2, Robert Mugabe, Robin Cook, Rocket-propelled grenade, Roger Federer, Roger Short, Roh Moo-hyun, Ronald Reagan, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Royal Household, Royal Mail, Rubber bullet, Rugby World Cup, Rwanda, Sacramento, California, Saddam Hussein, Sadr City, Saenuri Party, Sailormongering, Saint-Nazaire, Sales tax, Samarra, Same-sex marriage, Same-sex marriage in the United States, Santa Barbara County Sheriff's Office, Santa Barbara County, California, Saskatchewan general election, 2003, Saskatchewan New Democratic Party, Saudi Arabia, Science, Science (journal), SCO Group, SCO Group, Inc. v. International Business Machines Corp., Scotiabank Giller Prize, Scotland, Scott Ritter, Seattle, Secretary-General of the United Nations, September 11 attacks, Severe acute respiratory syndrome, Sexual abuse, Shadow Cabinet, Shanghai, Shanghai Maglev Train, Shia Islam, Shin Bet, Shining Path, Showtime (TV network), Shrine, Sichan Siv, Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, Silovik, Simon Crean, Single transferable vote, Single-bullet theory, Sinn Féin, Situation awareness, Sky News, Slate (magazine), Social Democratic and Labour Party, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Solar flare, Solar power, Somalia, Sophia Loren, Sophie, Countess of Wessex, Source code, South Africa, South Korea, Soviet Union, Spain, Special forces, Srebrenica, State of emergency, State visit, Status quo, Steel, Stephen Harper, Steve Waugh, Street Legal Racing: Redline, Strike action, Subatomic particle, Subpoena, Sudan, Suicide, Suicide attack, Sun, Supreme Court of the United States, Surface-to-air missile, SUSE Linux distributions, Synagogue, Syria, Tabloid (newspaper format), Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan independence movement, Taiwanese referendum, 2004, Tally marks, Tariff, Task Force 121, Task Force 20, Tax, Tax cut, Taylor Nelson Sofres, Tbilisi, Television, Ten Commandments, Tennis, Terrorism, Test cricket, Texas, Texas Stadium, Thabo Mbeki, Thanksgiving (United States), The Guardian, The Matrix Revolutions, The Muppets, The New York Times, The Observer, The Pentagon, The Shard, The Times, Theocracy, Tikrit, Time zone, Tomislav Nikolić, Tony Blair, Toronto, Toronto Maple Leafs, Toronto municipal election, 2003, Toyota, Trafalgar Square, Trinity College, Dublin, Trojan horse (computing), TruTV, Tsunami, Tuberculosis, Tuition payments, Turkey, Two-party system, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, UEFA, UEFA Euro 2004, UK Unionist Party, Ulster Unionist Party, Unionism in Ireland, United Nations, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Special Commission, United Press International, United States Army, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of Justice, United States dollar, United States House of Representatives, United States Marine Corps, United States National Security Council, United States presidential election, 2004, United States Secret Service, United States Secretary of Defense, United States Senate, United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, University, University College Dublin, Unlawful combatant, USA Today, USS Cole (DDG-67), USS Cole bombing, Vaccination, Value theory, Vancouver Canucks, Velimir Ilić, Venice Commission, Vicente Fox, Video, Videotape, Vietnam War, Violence, Virus, Visa (document), Vladimir Putin, Voyager 1, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), War on Drugs, War on Terror, Warren Commission, Washington, D.C., Weapon, Webb Ellis Cup, Wen Jiabao, West Bank, Western Europe, Western world, White House, Wildfire, William Donaldson, World Health Organization, World peace, World Trade Organization, World War II, World Wide Fund for Nature, X3D Fritz, Yasser Arafat, Yemen, Yukos, Zapruder film, Zell Miller, Zimbabwe, 101st Airborne Division, 2003 Heritage Classic, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2003 Rugby World Cup, 3rd Summit of the Americas. Expand index (691 more) »

ABC News

ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of the Walt Disney Company.

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Abdelbaset al-Megrahi

Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi (عبد الباسط محمد علي المقرحي,; 1 April 1952 – 20 May 2012) was head of security for Libyan Arab Airlines, director of the Centre for Strategic Studies in Tripoli, Libya, and an alleged Libyan intelligence officer.

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Acronyms in the Philippines

Acronyms are popular in the Philippines.

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Action film

Action film is a film genre in which one or more heroes are thrust into a series of challenges that typically include physical feats, extended fight scenes, violence, and frantic chases.

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Aden

Aden (عدن Yemeni pronunciation) is a seaport city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of Bab-el-Mandeb.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Adolfo Aguilar Zínser

Adolfo Aguilar Zínser (&ndash) was a Mexican scholar, diplomat and politician who served as a National Security Advisor to President Vicente Fox and as a UN Security Council Ambassador in the midst of the US invasion of Iraq.

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Afghanistan

Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

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African National Congress

The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing social democratic political party.

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Ahmed Qurei

Ahmed Ali Mohammed Qurei (or Qureia; أحمد علي محمد قريع), also known by his Arabic ''Kunya'' Abu Alaa (أبو علاء) (born March 26, 1937) is a former prime minister of the Palestinian Authority.

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Airbus

Airbus SAS is a division of Airbus Group SE that manufactures civil aircraft.

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Airbus A380

The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by the European aircraft company Airbus.

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Airbus Group

Airbus Group SE is a European multinational aerospace and defence corporation.

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Akhmed Zakayev

Akhmed Khalidovich Zakayev (Заки Хьалид кант Ахьмад, Zaki Khaalid kant Akhmad, Ахмед Халидович Закаев; born 26 April 1959) is a former Deputy Prime Minister and Prime Minister of the unrecognised Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (ChRI).

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Al Arabiya

Al Arabiya (العربية, transliterated: or; the name means: "The Arabic One" or "The Arab One") is a Saudi-owned pan-Arab television news channel broadcast in Modern Standard Arabic.

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Al Jazeera

Al Jazeera (الجزيرة, literally "The Peninsula", referring to the Arabian Peninsula), also known as Aljazeera and JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a Doha-based state-funded broadcaster owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network, which is partly funded by the House of Thani, the ruling family of Qatar.

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Al-Qaeda

Al-Qæda (or; القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a global militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam, and several others, at some point between August 1988.

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Alabama

Alabama is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Alaska

Alaska is a U.S. state situated in the northwest extremity of the North American continent.

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Alberto Fujimori

Alberto Fujimori (or;; 藤森アルベルト Fujimori Aruberuto; born 28 July 1938) is a former Peruvian politician.

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Alejandro Toledo

Alejandro Toledo (born 28 March 1946) is a Peruvian politician who was president of Peru, from 2001 to 2006.

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Alessandra Mussolini

Alessandra Mussolini (born 30 December 1962) is an Italian politician, the granddaughter of Benito Mussolini, and a former actress and model.

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Aleutian Islands

The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the United States and Russia.

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Alliance Party of Northern Ireland

The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) is a political party in Northern Ireland.

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AllianceBernstein

AllianceBernstein L.P. (AB) is a global asset management firm providing investment management and research services worldwide to institutional, high-net-worth and retail investors.

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Ambassador

An ambassador is an official envoy, especially a highest ranking diplomat who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state, or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.

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American Civil Liberties Union

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a nonpartisan, non-profit organization whose stated mission is "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States." It works through litigation, lobbying, and community empowerment.

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American football

American football (referred to as football in the United States and Canada, also known as gridiron elsewhere) is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.

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Anal sex

Anal sex or anal intercourse is generally the insertion and thrusting of the erect penis into a person's anus, or anus and rectum, for sexual pleasure.

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Andre Agassi

Andre Kirk Agassi (born April 29, 1970) is an American retired professional tennis player and former World No. 1, who was one of the game's most dominant players from the early 1990s to the mid-2000s.

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Anglican Communion

The Anglican Communion is an international association of churches consisting of the Church of England and of national and regional Anglican churches in full communion with it.

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Annenberg Public Policy Center

The Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC) is a center for the study of public policy at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania.

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Anti-globalization movement

The anti-globalization movement, or counter-globalisation movement, is a social movement critical of the globalization of corporate capitalism.

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Antisemitism

Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is prejudice against, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews as an ethnic, religious, or racial group.

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Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon (אריאל שרון;,, also known by his diminutive Arik, אַריק, born Ariel Scheinermann, אריאל שיינרמן‎; February 26, 1928 – January 11, 2014) was an Israeli politician and general who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Israel until he was incapacitated by a stroke.

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Arizona

Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States.

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Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., in whose have been buried the dead of the nation's conflicts beginning with the American Civil War, as well as reinterred dead from earlier wars.

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Arnold Schwarzenegger

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, model, producer, director, activist, businessman, investor, writer, philanthropist, former professional bodybuilder, and politician.

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Arthritis

Arthritis (from Greek arthro-, joint + -itis, inflammation; plural: arthritides) is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Atoll

An atoll, sometimes called a coral atoll, is a ring-shaped coral reef including a coral rim that encircles a lagoon partially or completely.

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ATP World Tour Finals

The ATP World Tour Finals (also known as the Barclays ATP World Tour Finals for sponsorship reasons) is a professional men's tennis tournament played on indoor hard courts and is held annually in November at the O2 Arena in London, United Kingdom.

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Attorney general

In most common law jurisdictions, the attorney general or attorney-general is the main legal advisor to the government, and in some jurisdictions he or she may also have executive responsibility for law enforcement, prosecutions or even responsibility for legal affairs generally.

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Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.

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Autopsy

An autopsy—also known as a post-mortem examination, necropsy, autopsia cadaverum, or obduction—is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse to determine the cause and manner of death and to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present.

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AXA

AXA is a French, multinational, investment banking firm headquartered in the 8th arrondissement of Paris that engages in global investment banking, securities, investment management, insurance, and other financial services.

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Axis of evil

U.S. President George W. Bush used the term "axis of evil" in his State of the Union Address on January 29, 2002, and often repeated it throughout his presidency, to describe governments that he accused of helping terrorism and seeking weapons of mass destruction.

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Álvaro Colom

Álvaro Colom Caballeros (June 15, 1951) is a Guatemalan politician who was the President of Guatemala from 2008 to 2012, as well as leader of the social-democratic National Unity of Hope (UNE).

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Óscar Berger

Óscar José Rafael Berger Perdomo (born 11 August 1946 in Guatemala City) is a former President of Guatemala.

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Ba'ath Party

The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي) was a political party founded in Syria by Michel Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar and associates of Zaki al-Arsuzi.

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Baghdad

Baghdad (بغداد, Iraqi pronunciation) is the capital of the Republic of Iraq, as well as the coterminous Baghdad Province.

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Baghdad International Airport

Baghdad International Airport (مطار بغداد الدولي) is Iraq's largest airport, located in a suburb about west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate.

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Bagram

Bagram (بگرام), founded as Alexandria on the Caucasus and known in medieval times as Kapisa, is a small town and seat in Bagram District in Parwan Province of Afghanistan, about 60 kilometers north of the capital Kabul.

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Bank of England

The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.

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Baqubah

Baqubah (ܒܰܩܽܘܒܰܐ, بعقوبة; BGN: Ba‘qūbah; also spelled Baquba and Baqouba) is the capital of Iraq's Diyala Governorate.

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Barclays

Barclays is a British multinational banking & financial services company headquartered in London.

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Barry Bonds

Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964) is an American former professional baseball left fielder who played 22 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the Pittsburgh Pirates and San Francisco Giants.

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Basra

Basra, also written Basrah (البصرة; BGN: Al Başrah), is the capital of Basra Governorate, located on the Shatt al-Arab river in southern Iraq between Kuwait and Iran.

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Baton (law enforcement)

A baton or truncheon (also called a cosh, billystick, billy club, nightstick, sap, blackjack, stick) is essentially a club of less than arm's length made of wood, rubber, plastic or metal.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

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BC Rail

BC Rail, known as the British Columbia Railway between 1972 and 1984 and as the Pacific Great Eastern Railway (PGE) before 1972, was a railway that operated in the Canadian province of British Columbia between 1912 and 2004.

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Benito Mussolini

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943.

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Berlin

Berlin is the capital of Germany and one of the 16 states of Germany.

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Bermuda Bowl

The Bermuda Bowl is a biennial world championship contract bridge tournament for national.

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Bet Israel Synagogue (Istanbul)

Bet Israel Synagogue is located in Şişli, Istanbul, Turkey.

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Bettina Goislard

Bettina Goislard (11 November 1974 – 16 November 2003) was a French employee of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), assigned to its mission in Afghanistan.

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Birmingham, Alabama

Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama.

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BitKeeper

BitKeeper is a proprietary software tool for distributed revision control (configuration management, SCM, etc.) of computer source code.

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Blood

Blood is a bodily fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

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Bobby Jindal

Piyush "Bobby" Jindal (born June 10, 1971) is an American politician who is the 55th governor of Louisiana, a former US Congressman, and former vice chairman of the Republican Governors Association.

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Boeing CH-47 Chinook

The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is an American twin-engine, tandem rotor heavy-lift helicopter.

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Bolivia

Bolivia (Buliwya; Wuliwya; Volívia), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.

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Bolivian gas conflict

The Bolivian gas conflict was a social confrontation in Bolivia reaching its peak in 2003, centering on the exploitation of the country's vast natural gas reserves.

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Bomb

A bomb is one of a range of explosive weapons that rely on only the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy (an explosive device).

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Boris Yeltsin

Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (p; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.

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Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disease (encephalopathy) in cattle that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord.

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Boycott

A boycott is an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons.

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Brisbane

Brisbane is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.

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British Columbia

British Columbia, also commonly referred to by its initials BC, is a province located on the west coast of Canada.

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Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is the London residence and principal workplace of the monarch of the United Kingdom.

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Bundesrat of Germany

The German Bundesrat (literally "Federal Council") is a legislative body that represents the sixteen Länder (federal states) of Germany at the national level.

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Bundestag

The Bundestag ("Federal Diet") is a constitutional and legislative body at the federal level in Germany.

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Cabinet of Canada

The Cabinet of Canada (Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.

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California

California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States.

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California gubernatorial recall election

The 2003 California gubernatorial recall election was a special election permitted under California state law.

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CalPERS

The California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS) is an agency in the California executive branch that "manages pension and health benefits for more than 1.6 million California public employees, retirees, and their families".

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Canadian Alliance

The Canadian Alliance (Alliance canadienne), formally the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance (Alliance réformiste-conservatrice canadienne), was a conservative and right-wing populist federal political party in Canada that existed from 2000 to 2003.

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Canadian federal election, 2004

The Canadian federal election, 2004 (more formally, the 38th General Election), was held on June 28, 2004 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 38th Parliament of Canada.

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Canadian National Railway

The Canadian National Railway Company is a Canadian Class I railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.

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Cancer

Cancer, also known as a malignant tumor or malignant neoplasm, is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Cannabis (drug)

Cannabis, also known as marijuana and by numerous other names, is a preparation of the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug or medicine.

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Capital punishment

Capital punishment, death penalty or execution is punishment by death.

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Car

A car is a wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Car bomb

A car bomb, or truck bomb, also known as a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED), is an improvised explosive device placed inside a car or other vehicle and detonated.

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Carlos Mesa

Carlos Diego Mesa Gisbert (born August 12, 1953) is a Bolivian historian and former politician.

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Caucus

A caucus is a meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement.

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Ceasefire

A ceasefire (or truce) is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions.

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Chandrika Kumaratunga

Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga (චන්ද්‍රිකා බණ්ඩාරනායක කුමාරතුංග,சந்திரிகா பண்டாரநாயக்கே குமாரதுங்கா; born 29 June 1945) is a Sri Lankan politician who served as the fifth President of Sri Lanka, from 12 November 1994 to 19 November 2005.

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Charles, Prince of Wales

Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948), is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II.

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Chechnya

The Chechen Republic (tɕɪˈtɕɛnskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə; Нохчийн Республика, Noxçiyn Respublika), commonly referred to as Chechnya (p; Нохчийчоь, Noxçiyçö), also spelled Chechnia or Chechenia, sometimes referred to as Ichkeria (lit land of minerals), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia.

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Chen Shui-bian

Chen Shui-bian (born October 12, 1950) is a retired Taiwanese politician and lawyer who served as President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 2000 to 2008.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.

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Chief executive officer

A chief executive officer (CEO in American English) or managing director (MD in British English) describes the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, or administrator in charge of managing a non-profit or for-profit organization.

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Chinese Unification

Unification of China, Chinese unification, or Cross-Strait (Re)unification, refers to the potential political unification of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC), into a single sovereign state.

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Christian Democratic Union of Germany

The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.

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Chrono Crusade

, originally released as Chrno Crusade due to a typo in the original logo, is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Daisuke Moriyama.

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Cincinnati

Cincinnati is a city in and the county seat of Hamilton County, Ohio, United States.

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Civilian

A civilian under the laws of war (also known as international humanitarian law) is a person who is not a legitimate member of the armed forces to a conflict.

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Clark T. Randt, Jr.

Clark T. Randt, Jr. (Pinyin: Léi Dé; born 1945) was the United States Ambassador to the People's Republic of China from July 23, 2001 to January 20, 2009, making him the longest-serving U.S. Ambassador to China.

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Clear and present danger

Clear and present danger was a doctrine adopted by the Supreme Court of the United States to determine under what circumstances limits can be placed on First Amendment freedoms of speech, press or assembly.

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Clinical trial

Clinical trials are experiments done in clinical research.

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CNN

The Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner.

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Coca eradication

Coca eradication is a controversial strategy strongly promoted by the United States government starting in 1961 as part of its "War on Drugs" to eliminate the cultivation of coca, a plant whose leaves are not only traditionally used by indigenous cultures but also, in modern society, in the manufacture of cocaine.

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Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink.

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Cocaine

Cocaine, also known as benzoylmethylecgonine or coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.

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College football

College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities.

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College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University

The College of Saint Benedict (CSB), for women, and Saint John's University (SJU), for men, are partnered liberal arts colleges respectively located in St. Joseph and Collegeville, Minnesota, USA, within the Diocese of Saint Cloud.

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Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and it shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.

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Commando

Commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.

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Communism

In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis – common, universal) is a social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.

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Computer virus

A computer virus is a malware program that, when executed, replicates by inserting copies of itself (possibly modified) into other computer programs, data files, or the boot sector of the hard drive; when this replication succeeds, the affected areas are then said to be "infected".

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Computer worm

A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers.

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Computer-generated imagery

Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, commercials, videos, and simulators.

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Concorde

Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde is a turbojet-powered supersonic passenger jet airliner.

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Conrad Black

Conrad Moffat Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour, (born 25 August 1944) is a Canadian-born British former newspaper publisher and author.

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Conservatism

Conservatism as a political and social philosophy promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.

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Conservative Party (UK)

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

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Constitutionality

Constitutionality is the condition of acting in accordance with an applicable constitution; the status of a law, a procedure, or an act's accordance with the laws or guidelines set forth in the applicable constitution.

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Consul (representative)

A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the peoples of the two countries.

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Contract bridge

Contract bridge, or simply bridge, is a trick-taking game using a standard 52-card deck.

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Convoy

A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection.

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Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time (temps universel coordonné), abbreviated as UTC, is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time.

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Copyright

Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution.

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Coroner

A coroner is a government official who confirms and certifies the death of an individual within a jurisdiction.

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Coup d'état

A coup d'état (literally "blow of state"; plural: coups d'état, pronounced like the singular form), also known simply as a coup, or an overthrow, is the sudden and (usually) illegal seizure of a state, usually instigated by a small group of the existing government establishment to depose the established regime and replace it with a new ruling body.

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Court

A court is a tribunal, often as governmental institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.

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Croatia

Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.

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Cycloserine

Cycloserine (4-amino-3-isoxazolidinone) is an amino acid with an unusual structure.

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Daily Mirror

The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.

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Dallas Stars

The Dallas Stars are an American professional ice hockey team based in Dallas, Texas.

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Database

A database is an organized collection of data.

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David Miller (Canadian politician)

David Raymond Miller (born December 26, 1958) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada.

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Davis Cup

The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis.

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Democracy

Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...

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Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong

The Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (民主建港協進聯盟, DAB) is the largest political party in Hong Kong, having 13 seats in the Legislative Council and 132 seats in the District Councils.

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Democratic Party (United States)

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party to its right.

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Democratic Unionist Party

The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is the largest unionist political party in Northern Ireland.

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Deputy Governor

A Deputy governor is a gubernatorial official who is subordinated to a governor, rather like a Lieutenant governor.

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Deputy Prime Minister of Canada

The Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (Vice-premier ministre du Canada) is an honorary position in the cabinet, conferred at the discretion of the prime minister.

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DHL Aviation

DHL Aviation is a division of DHL Express (owned by Deutsche Post DHL) responsible for providing air transport capacity.

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Dial-up Internet access

Dial-up Internet access is an early form of Internet access that uses the facilities of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) to establish a connection to an Internet service provider (ISP) by dialing a telephone number on a conventional telephone line.

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Dictatorship

Dictatorship is a form of government where political authority is monopolized by a person (dictator) or political entity, and exercised through various mechanisms to ensure the entity's power remains strong.

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District Councils of Hong Kong

The District Councils, formerly District Boards until 1999, are the local councils for the 18 Districts of Hong Kong.

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Diyala Governorate

Diyala Governorate (محافظة ديالى Muḥāfażah Diyālā and Parezgay Diyala) or Diyala Province is a governorate in eastern Iraq.

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Dmitry Medvedev

Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (p; born 14 September 1965) is the tenth Prime Minister of Russia, incumbent since 2012.

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Donald Rumsfeld

Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is an American politician and businessman.

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Dragoljub Mićunović

Dragoljub Mićunović (Драгољуб Мићуновић; born 14 June 1930) is a Serbian politician, philosopher, and MP for the Democratic Party.

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Dubai

Dubai (دبي, Gulf pronunciation) is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

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Dublin

Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland.

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Earth

Earth (also the world, in Greek: Gaia, or in Latin: Terra), is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and the only astronomical object known to accommodate life.

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Earthquake

An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, which can be violent enough to destroy major buildings and kill thousands of people.

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Economics

Economics is the social science that seeks to describe the factors which determine the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

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Economy of Japan

The economy of Japan is the third largest in the world by nominal GDP, the fourth largest by purchasing power parity and is the world's second largest developed economy.

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Ecuador

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Eddie Robinson (American football coach)

Edward Gay Robinson, Sr. (February 13, 1919 – April 3, 2007) was an American football coach: the winningest coach in NCAA Division I history and second winningest coach overall.

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Edmonton

Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta.

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Eduard Shevardnadze

Eduard Shevardnadze (ედუარდ შევარდნაძე,; Эдуа́рд Амвро́сиевич Шевардна́дзе, tr. Eduard Amvrosiyevich Shevardnadze; 25 January 1928 – 7 July 2014) was a Georgian politician and diplomat.

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Efraín Ríos Montt

José Efraín Ríos Montt (born June 16, 1926) is a Guatemalan politician who was President of Guatemala from 1982 to 1983.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Elections in Serbia

Serbia elects a legislature and a president on a national level.

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Electoral district

An electoral district (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.

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Electric power

Electric power is the rate at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.

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Eliot Spitzer

Eliot Laurence Spitzer (born June 10, 1959) is an American politician who served as the 54th Governor of New York from 2007 until his resignation on March 17, 2008.

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Email

Electronic mail, most commonly referred to as email or e-mail since around 1993, is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients.

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Embargo

An embargo (from the Spanish embargo, meaning hindrance, obstruction, etc. in a general sense, a trading ban in trade terminology and literally "distraint" in juridic parlance) is the partial or complete prohibition of commerce and trade with a particular country or a group of countries.

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Energy

In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms, but cannot be created or destroyed.

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Enron

Enron Corporation (former New York Stock Exchange ticker symbol ENE) was an American energy, commodities, and services company based in Houston, Texas.

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Epidemic

An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.

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Episcopal Church (United States)

The Episcopal Church (TEC), less commonly known by its other official title, the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America (PECUSA or ECUSA), is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

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Euro

The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the eurozone, which consists of 19 of the 28 member states of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.

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Eurobarometer

Eurobarometer is a series of public opinion surveys conducted regularly on behalf of the European Commission since 1973.

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European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.

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European Convention on Human Rights

The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe.

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European Social Forum

The European Social Forum (ESF) is a recurring conference held by members of the alter-globalization movement (also known as the Global Justice Movement).

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Eurozone

Eurozone (euro area).

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Evil empire

The phrase evil empire was first applied to the Soviet Union in 1983 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who took an aggressive, hard-line stance that favored matching and exceeding the Soviet Union's strategic and global military capabilities, in calling for a rollback strategy that would, in his words, "write the final pages of the history of the Soviet Union." The characterization demeaned the Soviet Union and angered Soviet leaders.

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Extradition

Extradition is the official process whereby one country transfers a suspected or convicted criminal to another country.

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Famous for being famous

Famous for being famous, or famous for nothing, is a pejorative popular culture term that refers to someone who attains celebrity status for no particular identifiable reason (as opposed to fame based on achievements, skill, and/or talent) and just appears to generate their own fame, or someone who achieves fame through association with an actual celebrity (such as being the spouse, child, etc. of one).

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, which simultaneously serves as the nation's prime Federal law enforcement organization.

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Federal Communications Commission

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government, created by Congressional statute (see and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories.

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Federal government of the United States

The government of the United States of America is the federal government of the republic of fifty states that constitute the United States, as well as one capital district, and several other territories.

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Fermilab

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics.

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Fernando Poe, Jr.

Ronald Allan Kelley Poehttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm0688093/bio (August 20, 1939 – December 14, 2004), better known as Fernando Poe, Jr. and colloquially known as FPJ and Da King, was a Filipino actor.

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Fine art

In Western European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics, distinguishing it from applied art that also has to serve some practical function.

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FirstEnergy

FirstEnergy Corporation is a diversified energy company headquartered in Akron, Ohio.

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Flags of the Confederate States of America

There were three successive designs that served as the official national "flags of the Confederate States of America" (the "Confederate States" or the "Confederacy") during its existence from 1861 to 1865.

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Ford Motor Company

The Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to as simply Ford) is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Foreign exchange market

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global decentralized market for the trading of currencies.

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Foreign minister

A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a nation's foreign affairs.

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Foreign policy

A country's foreign policy, also called foreign relations policy, consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu.

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Foreign relations of Taiwan

The foreign relations of Taiwan, constitutionally and officially the Republic of China (ROC), are the relations between the Republic of China and other countries.

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Free software

Free software, software libre, or libre software is computer software that gives users the freedom to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute the software and the adapted versions.

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Free trade

Free trade is a policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.

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Free Trade Area of the Americas

The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) (Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas, Zone de libre-échange des Amériques, Área de Livre Comércio das Américas, Vrijhandelszone van Amerika) was a proposed agreement to eliminate or reduce the trade barriers among all countries in the Americas, excluding Cuba.

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Garry Kasparov

Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) chess Grandmaster, former World Chess Champion, writer, and political activist, considered by many to be the greatest chess player of all time.

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Gary Ridgway

Gary Leon Ridgway (born February 18, 1949) is the American serial killer known as the Green River Killer.

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Gay bishops

This article largely discusses presence of openly gay, lesbian or bisexual bishops in churches governed under episcopal polities.

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Gay Games

The Gay Games is the world's largest sporting and cultural event organized by, and specifically for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) athletes, artists and musicians.

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Gazprom Neft

Gazprom Neft (Газпром нефть, formerly: Sibneft), is the fourth largest oil producer in Russia and ranked third according to refining throughput.

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GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast

The GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB pronounced, commonly known as the Mother of All Bombs) is a large-yield conventional (non-nuclear) bomb, developed for the United States military by Albert L. Weimorts, Jr.

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Gel

A gel (coined by 19th-century Scottish chemist Thomas Graham, by clipping from gelatine) is a solid, jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.

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Gene Robinson

Vicky Gene Robinson (born May 29, 1947 in Fayette County, Kentucky) is an American retired bishop of the Diocese of New Hampshire in the Episcopal Church in the United States of America.

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General Motors

General Motors Company, commonly known as GM, is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, that designs, manufactures, markets and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts and sells financial services.

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General officer

A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.

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Geneva Conventions

Original document, single pages as PDF, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for the humanitarian treatment of war.

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Geneva Initiative (2003)

The Geneva Initiative, also known as the Geneva Accord, is a draft Permanent Status Agreement to end the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, based on previous official negotiations, international resolutions, the Quartet Roadmap, the Clinton Parameters, and the Arab Peace Initiative.

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Genocide

Genocide is the systematic elimination of all or a significant part of a racial, ethnic, religious, cultural or national group.

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Geoff Hoon

Geoffrey William Hoon (born 6 December 1953) is a British politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Ashfield from 1992 to 2010.

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George Smith (royal servant)

George Anthony Smith (13 September 1960 – 24 August 2005) was a former footman and valet in the Royal Household of Prince Charles.

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George Soros

George Soros (or; Soros György;; born August 12, 1930, as Schwartz György) is a Hungarian-born American business magnate, investor, author, and philanthropist.

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George W. Bush

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, and the 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.

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Georgia (country)

Georgia (საქართველო, tr. Sakartvelo) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.

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Gerhard Schröder

Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder (born 7 April 1944) is a German politician, and was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005.

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Gianfranco Fini

Gianfranco Fini (born January 3, 1952) is an Italian politician, former President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, former leader of the conservative National Alliance, the post-fascist Italian Social Movement and the center-right Future and Freedom party.

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Glacier

A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.

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Glasgow

Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and the third largest in the United Kingdom (after London and Birmingham).

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Global Environment Facility

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) unites 183 countries in partnership with international institutions, civil society organizations (CSOs), and the private sector to address global environmental issues while supporting national sustainable development initiatives.

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Global warming

Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.

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Gloucester

Gloucester is a city, district and county town of Gloucestershire in the South West region of England.

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Good Friday Agreement

The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste or Comhaontú Aoine an Chéasta; Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst Greeance or Guid Friday Greeance) was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s.

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Goodridge v. Department of Public Health

Goodridge v. Dept.

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Gordie Howe

Gordon "Gordie" Howe, OC (born March 31, 1928) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey player.

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Governor of California

The Governor of California is the chief executive of the California state government, commander-in-chief of the California National Guard and the California State Military Reserve, whose responsibilities also include making annual State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced.

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Graham Harrell

Graham Stanton Harrell (born May 22, 1985) is an American Football assistant coach for the Washington State Cougars and former American football and Canadian Football quarterback.

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Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front

The Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front (İslami Büyükdoğu Akıncılar Cephesi in Turkish, abbreviated İBDA-C) is an Islamic militant organization which follows the Büyük Doğu ("Great East") ideology of Necip Fazıl Kısakürek (1904–1983), a well-known Turkish author, poet and Islamist ideologue.

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Great Lakes

The Great Lakes (also called the Laurentian Great Lakes, or the Great Lakes of North America) are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located in northeastern North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.

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Green Line (Israel)

Green Line refers to the demarcation lines set out in the 1949 Armistice Agreements between the armies of Israel and those of its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria) after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

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Greenpeace

Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over forty countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

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Gross domestic product

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.

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Guantanamo Bay detention camp

The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a United States military prison located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base,, The Independent, 29 April 2006 also referred to as Guantánamo, G-bay or GTMO (pronounced 'gitmo'), which fronts on Guantánamo Bay in Cuba.

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Guatemalan general election, 2003

General elections were held in Guatemala on 9 November 2003, with a second round of the presidential election held on 28 December.

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Guerrilla warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

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Hacker (computer security)

In the computer security context, a hacker is someone who seeks and exploits weaknesses in a computer system or computer network.

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Hamilton County, Ohio

Hamilton County is a county located in the southwest corner of the U.S. state of Ohio.

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Hawaii

Hawaii (locally,; Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent U.S. state to join the United States, having joined on August 21, 1959.

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Head of state

A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.

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Heart

The heart is a muscular organ in humans and other animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.

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Heathrow Airport

Heathrow Airport is a major international airport in west London, England.

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Hebei

Hebei (Postal map spelling: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.

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Helicopter

A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.

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Highland Park High School (University Park, Texas)

Highland Park High School is located in University Park, Dallas County, Texas.

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History of Iraq (2003–11)

The history of Iraq from 2003 to 2011 is a period in Iraqi history characterized by a large American troop deployment in Iraqi territory, beginning with the U.S.-led invasion of the country in March 2003 which overthrew the Ba'ath Party government of Saddam Hussein and ending with the departure of US troops from the country in 2011 (though the Iraq War that commenced in 2003 continued and subsequently intensified during 2013).

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HIV/AIDS

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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Homosexuality

Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong, traditionally Hongkong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.

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Hosni Mubarak

Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak (محمد حسني السيد مبارك,,; born 4 May 1928) is a former Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth President of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.

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House of Commons of Canada

The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.

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Howard Dean

Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician who served as the 79th Governor of Vermont from 1991 to 2003 and Chairman of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) from 2005 to 2009.

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HSBC Bank (Turkey)

HSBC Bank A.Ş., the Turkey subsidiary of the HSBC Group, is a bank with its head office in Istanbul.

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Human rights

Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, Dec 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved Aug.

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Humanitarian aid

Humanitarian aid is material and logistic assistance to people in need.

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Hypersonic speed

In aerodynamics, a hypersonic speed is one that is highly supersonic.

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Ian Paisley

Ian Richard Kyle Paisley, Baron Bannside, PC (6 April 1926 – 12 September 2014) was a loyalist politician and Protestant religious leader from Northern Ireland.

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Ice hockey

Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.

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ICM Research

ICM Research is a public opinion researcher that was founded in 1989.

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Identity document

An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as one's 'papers') is any document which may be used to verify aspects of a person's personal identity.

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Illegal immigration

Illegal immigration is the migration of people across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country.

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Immigration

Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.

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Influenza

Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus.

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Information Centre for Human Rights and Democracy

The Information Centre for Human Rights and Democracy is a human rights organization based in Hong Kong that provides information human rights abuses in mainland China for news outlets.

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Initiative

In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens' initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite).

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Injunction

An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts.

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Insurgency

An insurgency is a violent rebellion against a constituted authority (for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations) when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents.

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Intact dilation and extraction

Intact dilation and extraction (IDX) is an extraction procedure used for a fetus where dilation is done so it can be removed intact.

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Intellectual property

Intellectual property (IP) is a term referring to creations of the intellect for which a monopoly is assigned to designated owners by law.

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Intelligence assessment

Intelligence assessment is the development of forecasts of behavior or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organisation, based on a wide range of available information sources both overt and covert.

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International Committee of the Red Cross

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.

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International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.

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Internet

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide.

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Internet pornography

Internet pornography is any pornography that is accessible over the Internet, primarily via websites, peer-to-peer file sharing, or Usenet newsgroups.

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Interpol

The International Criminal Police Organization (Organisation internationale de police criminelle, OIPC - ICPO), or INTERPOL, is an intergovernmental organization facilitating international police cooperation.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Iraq

Iraq (or; العراق, Kurdish: Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العراق; كۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia.

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Iraq War

The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, Gulf War II, and Gulf War 2.

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Iraqi Governing Council

The Iraqi Governing Council (IGC) was the provisional government of Iraq from July 13, 2003 to June 1, 2004.

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Iraqi insurgency (2003–11)

An insurgency began in Iraq after the 2003 invasion, and lasted throughout the ensuing Iraq War (2003–2011).

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Islamism

Islamism (اسلام پرستی; إسلاموية), also known as Political Islam, is a set of ideologies holding that "Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life." Islamism is a controversial concept not just because it posits a political role for Islam but also because its most extreme advocates believe their Islamic views are superior to all others', and that the contrary idea that Islam is, or can be, apolitical is an error.

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Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.

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Israeli West Bank barrier

The Israeli West Bank barrier (or wall, see also: Names) is a separation barrier built by the Israeli government in the West Bank or along the 1949 Armistice Line ("Green Line").

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Israeli–Palestinian conflict

The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (النزاع الفلسطيني - الإسرائيلي al-Niza'a al'Filastini al 'Israili; הסכסוך הישראלי-פלסטיני Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Falestini) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.

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Istanbul

Istanbul (İstanbul), once known as Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical center.

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Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri

Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri (عزت ابراهيم الدوري ‘Izzat Ibrāhīm ad-Dūrī; born 1 July 1942) is an Iraqi general and a commander of the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order.

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J. Edgar Hoover

John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States, appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation—predecessor to the FBI—in 1924.

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Jalal Talabani

Jalal Talabani (Kurdish: جەلال تاڵەبانی Celal Tallebanî, جلال طالباني; born 12 November 1933) is a leading Iraqi Kurdish politician who served as the sixth President of Iraq from 2005 to 2014.

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James Forlong

James George Roche Forlong (6 November 1824 – 29 March 1904) was a Major General of the Indian Army who trained as an engineer in Scotland and England.

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Japanese Communist Party

The Japanese Communist Party (JCP, 日本共産党, Nihon Kyōsan-tō) is a communist political party in Japan and is one of the largest non-governing communist parties in the world.

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Japanese general election, 2003

A general election took place in Japan on November 9, 2003.

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Jasper Tsang Yok-sing

Jasper Tsang Yok-sing, GBM, JP (born 17 May 1947) is the 2nd and the current President of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.

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Javier Solana

Francisco Javier Solana de Madariaga, KOGF (born 14 July 1942) is a Spanish physicist and Socialist politician.

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Jean Chrétien

Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien (born January 11, 1934) known commonly as Jean Chrétien is a Canadian politician and statesman who served as the 20th Prime Minister of Canada.

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Jessica Lynch

Jessica Dawn Lynch (born April 26, 1983) is a former United States Army soldier who served in the 2003 invasion of Iraq by U.S. and allied forces.

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Joan Kroc

Joan Beverly Kroc (née Mansfield; August 27, 1928 – October 12, 2003) was the third wife of McDonald's CEO Ray Kroc and a philanthropist.

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Jody Morris

Jody Steven Morris (born 22 December 1978) is an English former football midfielder.

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Johan Steyn, Baron Steyn

Johan van Zyl Steyn, Baron Steyn, PC (born 15 August 1932) is a South African/British jurist, and until September 2005 a Law Lord.

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John Abizaid

John Philip Abizaid (born April 1, 1951) is a retired United States Army general and former U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) commander, overseeing American military operations in a 27-country region, from the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, to South and Central Asia, covering much of the Middle East.

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John Allen Muhammad

John Allen Muhammad (December 31, 1960 – November 10, 2009) was an American convicted murderer from Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

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John Connally

John Bowden Connally, Jr. (February 27, 1917June 15, 1993), was an American politician.

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John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (JFK), (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.

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John Gagliardi

John Gagliardi (born November 1, 1926) is a former American football coach.

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John Howard

John Winston Howard,, (born 26 July 1939) was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, from 11 March 1996 to 3 December 2007.

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John Manley

John Paul Manley, PC, OC (born January 5, 1950) is a Canadian lawyer, businessman, and politician.

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John McCain

John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is the senior United States Senator from Arizona.

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John Negroponte

John Dimitri Negroponte (born July 21, 1939) is a British-born American diplomat of Greek descent.

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John Prescott

John Leslie Prescott, Baron Prescott, (born 31 May 1938) is a British politician who was the Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007.

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Journalism

Journalism is gathering, processing, and dissemination of news, and information related to news, to an audience.

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Journalist

A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information.

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Juan Carlos Ferrero

Juan Carlos Ferrero Donat (born 12 February 1980) is a retired professional tennis player, and a former World No. 1 player, from Spain.

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Junichirō Koizumi

Junichiro Koizumi, born January 8, 1942, is a Japanese politician who was the 87th Prime Minister of Japan from 2001 to 2006.

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Kami (Takalani Sesame)

Kami is a character on Takalani Sesame ("be happy Sesame" in Venda) and Sesame Square, the South African and Nigerian versions respectively of the children's television program Sesame Street.

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Karbala

Karbala (كربلاء; Karbalā’; also referred to as Karbalā' al-Muqaddasah) is a city in Iraq, located about southwest of Baghdad.

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Kashmir

Kashmir (Kashmiri:كشهير; کشمیر; کشمیر), archaically spelled Cashmere, is in the northwestern region of South Asia.

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Kathleen Blanco

Kathleen Babineaux Blanco (born December 15, 1942) served from January 2004 to January 2008 as the 54th governor of the U.S. state of Louisiana.

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Kauai

Kauaʻi or Kauai (Hawaiian) is geologically the oldest of the main Hawaiian Islands.

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Kevin Rudd

Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957) is a former Australian politician who was twice Prime Minister of Australia, from 2007 to 2010, and again in 2013.

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Kevin Shelley

Kevin Francis Shelley (born November 16, 1955) is a California politician, who was the 28th California Secretary of State from January 6, 2003, until his resignation on March 4, 2005.

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Kim Beazley

Kim Christian Beazley, AC (born 14 December 1948), is an Australian diplomat and former politician who was the Deputy Prime Minister of Australia from 1995 to 1996.

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Kiribati

Kiribati, officially the Republic of Kiribati, is an island nation in the central Pacific Ocean.

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Kirkuk

Kirkuk (كركوك; که‌رکووک, Turkish: Kerkük), Azerbaijani: Kərkük) is a city in the north of Iraq, north of, Baghdad, and south of Erbil. It is the capital of Kirkuk Governorate. Kirkuk lies in a wide zone with an enormously diverse population, which has moreover experienced dramatic demographic changes in the course of the twentieth century. The city has been multilingual for centuries, and the development of distinct ethnic groups was a process that took place over the course of Kirkuk's urbanization in the twentieth century.Bet-Shlimon, Arbella. 2012.. Journal of Urban History 38, no. 5. Kurds, Turkmen, Assyrians and Arabs lay conflicting claims to this zone, and all have their historical accounts and memories to buttress their claims. The city sits on the site of the ancient Hurrian southern capital of Arrapha, which sits near the Khasa River on the ruins of a 5,000-year-old settlement (Kirkuk Citadel). It became known as Arrapha under the domination of the Hurrians. The city reached great importance again under the later, but short-lived Assyrians in the 10th and 11th centuries BC. Because of the strategic geographical location of the city, Kirkuk was the battle ground for three empires—the Neo-Assyrian Empire, Babylonia, and Media—which controlled the city at various times. Kurds and Turkmens have claimed the city as a cultural capital. It was named the "capital of Iraqi culture" by the Iraqi ministry of culture in 2010. The city currently consists mainly of people who self-identify as Iraqi Turkmens, Assyrians, Arabs, and Kurds.

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Kofi Annan

Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.

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Kuomintang

The Kuomintang of China (or; KMT), or sometimes spelled as Guomindang (GMD) by its Pinyin transliteration, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC).

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Larry Flynt

Larry Claxton Flynt, Jr. (born November 1, 1942) is an American publisher and the president of Larry Flynt Publications (LFP).

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Latin America

Latin America is a region of the Americas that comprises countries where Romance languages are predominant; primarily Spanish and Portuguese, but also French.

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Latvia

Latvia (Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, one of the three Baltic states.

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Lebanon

Lebanon (or; لبنان or; Lebanese Arabic:; Aramaic: לבנאן; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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Leech

Leeches are segmented worms that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea.

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Leeds United F.C.

Leeds United Football Club is an English football club in Leeds, West Yorkshire.

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Legislative assembly

Legislative assembly is the name given in some countries to either a legislature, or to one of its branch.

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Legislative Yuan

The Legislative Yuan is the unicameral legislature of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC) (originally based in mainland China, now controlling Taiwan).

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Liberal Party of Canada

The Liberal Party of Canada (Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in Canada.

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Likud

Likud (הַלִּיכּוּד, translit. HaLikud, lit. The Consolidation), officially the Likud–National Liberal Movement, is the major center-right political party in Israel.

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Limited liability company

A limited liability company (LLC) is the United States-specific form of a private limited company.

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Linus Torvalds

Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish American software engineer, who was the principal force behind the development of the Linux kernel that became the most popular kernel for operating systems, like GNU and Android.

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Linux

Linux (pronounced or, less frequently) is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system (OS) assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.

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Linux distribution

A Linux distribution (often called a distro for short) is an operating system made as a software collection based on the Linux kernel and, often, on a package management system.

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Linux kernel

The Linux kernel is a Unix-like computer operating system kernel.

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List of districts of Pakistan

The Districts of Pakistan (اِضلاعِ پاكِستان), are the third order administrative divisions of Pakistan.

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List of ethnic riots

This is a list of ethnic riots, sectarian riots, and race riots, by country.

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List of Governors of Louisiana

This is a list of the governors of Louisiana, from acquisition by the United States in 1803 to the present day; for earlier governors of Louisiana see List of colonial governors of Louisiana.

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Local number portability

LNP was invented by Edward Sonnenberg while working for Siemens.

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Lockerbie

Lockerbie (Locarbaidh) is a town in Dumfries and Galloway, south-western Scotland.

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Locust

Locusts are the swarming phase of certain species of short-horned grasshoppers in the family Acrididae.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Lords of Appeal in Ordinary

Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, commonly known as Law Lords, were appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 to the House of Lords of the United Kingdom in order to exercise its judicial functions, which included acting as the highest court of appeal for most domestic matters.

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Lorenzo Lauria

Lorenzo Lauria (born July 17, 1947) is an Italian international bridge player.

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Lorne Calvert

Lorne Albert Calvert, (born December 24, 1952) was the 13th Premier of Saskatchewan, from 2001 to 2007.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.

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Louisiana

Louisiana (or; État de Louisiane,; Louisiana Creole: Léta de la Lwizyàn) is a state located in the southern region of the United States.

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Lunar eclipse

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes directly behind the Earth into its umbra (shadow).

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M. G. Vassanji

Moyez G. Vassanji, CM (born 30 May 1950) is a novelist and editor, who writes under the name M. G. Vassanji.

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Mahogany

Mahogany is a kind of wood—the straight-grained, reddish-brown timber of three tropical hardwood species of the genus Swietenia, indigenous to the Americas,Bridgewater, Samuel.

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Mainland China

Mainland China, Chinese mainland or simply the mainland, is a geographical and political term to describe the geopolitical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Manhunt (video game)

Manhunt is a stealth-based survival horror video game developed by Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games.

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Mark Latham

Mark William Latham (born 28 February 1961), an Australian author and former politician, was leader of the Federal Parliamentary Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition for thirteen months, from December 2003 to January 2005.

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Mark Messier

Mark Douglas Messier (born January 18, 1961) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey centre of the National Hockey League and former special assistant to the president and general manager of the New York Rangers.

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Mark Philippoussis

Mark Anthony Philippoussis (born 7 November 1976) is an Australian tennis player of Greek and Italian descent.

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Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ),Pronunciations:* English: Republic of the Marshall Islands * Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line.

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Martial law

Martial law is the imposition of the highest-ranking military officer as the military governor or as the head of the government, thus removing all power from the previous executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.

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Martin Hohmann

Martin Hohmann (born February 4, 1948 in Fulda, Hessen) is a German lawyer and politician without party affiliation.

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Mass grave

A mass grave is a grave containing multiple number of human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial.

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Mass media

The mass media are diversified media technologies that are intended to reach a large audience via mass communication.

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Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court

The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) is the highest court in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

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Matthew Stafford

John Matthew Stafford (born February 7, 1988) is an American football quarterback for the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL).

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Maynooth University

The National University of Ireland Maynooth (Ollscoil na hÉireann Má Nuad; Universitas Hiberniae Nationalis apud Manutium), known as Maynooth University (Ollscoil Mhá Nuad; Universitas Manutium) since August 2014, is a university in the town of Maynooth, Ireland.

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McDonald's

McDonald's is the world's largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurants, serving around 68 million customers daily in 119 countries across 35,000 outlets.

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Mecca

Mecca (مكة), also transliterated Makkah, is a city in the Hejaz in Saudi Arabia.

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Medical cannabis

Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, refers to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms.

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Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act

The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (also called the Medicare Modernization Act or MMA) is a federal law of the United States, enacted in 2003.

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Melbourne

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Mexico

Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.

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Miami

Miami is a city located on the Atlantic coast in southeastern Florida and the county seat of Miami-Dade County.

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Michael Howard

Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne, CH, PC, QC (born 7 July 1941) is a British politician who served as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from November 2003 to December 2005.

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Michael Jackson

Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor.

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Michael Peat

Sir Michael Charles Gerrard Peat, (born 16 November 1949) was the Principal Private Secretary to Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall between 2002 and 2011.

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Microsoft

Microsoft Corporation (commonly referred to as Microsoft) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Redmond, Washington, that develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers and services.

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Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows (or simply Windows) is a metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

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Midcontinent Independent System Operator

MISO provides open-access transmission service and monitors the high voltage transmission system throughout the Midwest, and South, United States, and in Manitoba, Canada.

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Middle East

The Middle EastArabic: الشرق الأوسط,; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgian: ახლო აღმოსავლეთი, akhlo aghmosavleti; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון, Ha'Mizrah Ha'Tihon; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khāvar-miyāneh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hashrq vsty (also called the Mid East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt.

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Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (a; born 2 March 1931) is a former Soviet statesman.

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Mikhail Khodorkovsky

Mikhail Borisovich Khodorkovsky (Михаи́л Бори́сович Ходорко́вский,; born 26 June 1963) is a Switzerland-based Russian exile, former Russian businessman and oligarch.

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Mikheil Saakashvili

Mikheil Saakashvili (მიხეილ სააკაშვილი,; Міхеїл Саакашвілі; born 21 December 1967) is a Georgian and Ukrainian politician.

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Military

The military, also called the armed forces, are forces authorized to use deadly force, and weapons, to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens.

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Ministry of International Trade and Industry

The Ministry of International Trade and Industry (通商産業省 Tsūshō-sangyō-shō or MITI) was one of the most powerful agencies of the Government of Japan.

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Monaco

Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco (Principauté de Monaco), is a sovereign city-state and microstate, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe.

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Montreal

Montreal (Montréal) is a city in the Canadian province of Quebec.

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Moon

The Moon (in Greek: Selene, in Latin: Luna) is Earth's only natural satellite.

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Moratorium (law)

A moratorium is a delay or suspension of an activity or a law.

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Mortar (weapon)

A mortar is a weapon that fires explosive projectiles known as (mortar) bombs at low velocities, short ranges, and high-arcing ballistic trajectories.

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Moscow

Moscow (or; a) is the capital and the largest city of Russia with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area.

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Moshe Ya'alon

Moshe Ya'alon (משה יעלון; born Moshe Smilansky on 24 June 1950) is an Israeli politician and former Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.

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Most Valuable Player

In sports, a Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is an honor typically bestowed upon the best-performing player (or players) in an entire league, for a particular competition, or on a specific team.

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Mosul

Mosul (الموصل; مووسڵ. Mûsil; North Mesopotamian Arabic:; ܢܝܢܘܐ; Musul), is a city of over a million people in northern Iraq, some 400 km north of Baghdad.

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Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS), also known as disseminated sclerosis or encephalomyelitis disseminata, is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.

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Multnomah County, Oregon

Multnomah County is one of 36 counties in the U.S. state of Oregon.

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Munich

Munich (also in UK English; München,, Minga) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.

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Mutual fund

A mutual fund is a type of professionally managed investment fund that pools money from many investors to purchase securities.

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Myron Thompson

Myron Thompson (born 23 April 1936) is a former Conservative Member of Parliament in the Canadian House of Commons.

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Najaf

Najaf (النجف; BGN: An Najaf) is a city in Iraq about 160 km (roughly 100 miles) south of Baghdad.

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Nasiriyah

Nasiriyah (الناصرية; BGN: An Nāşirīyah; also spelled Nassiriya or Nasiriya) is a city in Iraq.

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National Abortion Federation

The National Abortion Federation (NAF) is an organization of abortion providers.

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National Cancer Institute

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of eleven agencies that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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National Diet

The is Japan's bicameral legislature.

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National Guard of the United States

The National Guard of the United States, part of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, is a reserve military force, composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, of the Virgin Islands, and of Puerto Rico, as well as of the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.

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National Hockey League

The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league composed of 30 member clubs: 23 in the United States and 7 in Canada.

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National League

The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league.

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Nazism

National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and Nazi state as well as other far-right groups.

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Nebraska

Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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New York

New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.

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New York Rangers

The New York Rangers are a professional ice hockey team based in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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New Zealand national rugby union team

The New Zealand national men's rugby union team, officially nicknamed the All Blacks, represents New Zealand in men's rugby union, which is regarded as the country's national sport.

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Nickel (United States coin)

A nickel, in American usage, is a five-cent coin struck by the United States Mint.

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Nino Burjanadze

Nino Burjanadze (Georgian: ნინო ბურჯანაძე, also romanized Burdzhanadze or Burdjanadze, born 16 July 1964) is a Georgian politician and lawyer who served as Chairperson of the Parliament of Georgia from November 2001 to June 2008.

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Norfolk, Virginia

Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States of America.

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North American Aerospace Defense Command

Not to be confused with the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, also abbreviated NORAD. North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) is a combined organization of the United States and Canada that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and defense for Northern America.

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North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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North Korea and weapons of mass destruction

North Korea (officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea or DPRK) declared in 2009 that it had developed a nuclear weapon, and probably possesses a small stockpile of relatively simple nuclear weapons.

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Northeast blackout of 2003

The Northeast blackout of 2003 was a widespread power outage that occurred throughout parts of the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and the Canadian province of Ontario on Thursday, August 14, 2003, just after 4:10 p.m. EDT.

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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann.; or Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.

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Northern Ireland Assembly

The Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlan Assemblie) is the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland.

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Northern Ireland Assembly election, 2003

The second elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly, which at the time of the elections had been suspended for just over a year, were held on Wednesday 26 November 2003.

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Northern Ireland Women's Coalition

The Northern Ireland Women's Coalition (NIWC) was a minor political party in Northern Ireland.

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Northwest Territories general election, 2003

The Northwest Territories general election, 2003 was the 20th general election in the Canadian territory's history, conducted on November 24, 2003, to elect the 19 members of the Legislative Assembly.

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Novell

Novell, Inc. was an American multinational software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah.

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NPR

National Public Radio (NPR) is a privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization that serves as a national syndicator to a network of 900 public radio stations in the United States.

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Oncogene

An oncogene is a gene that has the potential to cause cancer.

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Open source

In production and development, open source as a development model promotes a universal access via a free license to a product's design or blueprint, and universal redistribution of that design or blueprint, including subsequent improvements to it by anyone.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Opinion poll

An opinion poll, sometimes simply referred to as a poll, is a survey of public opinion from a particular sample.

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Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن,; March 10, 1957 May 2, 2011) was the founder of al-Qaeda, the organization that claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets.

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Ottawa

Ottawa is the capital of Canada.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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Palestinian territories

"Palestinian territories" and "occupied Palestinian territories" (OPT or oPt) are descriptions often used to describe the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip.

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Palestinians

The Palestinian people (الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha‘b al-Filasṭīnī), also referred to as Palestinians (الفلسطينيون, al-Filasṭīniyyūn, פָלַסְטִינִים), are an ethnic group representing the modern descendants of the peoples who have lived in Palestine over the centuries, and who today are largely culturally and linguistically Palestinian Arab due to Arabization of the region.

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Pan Am Flight 103

Pan Am Flight 103 was a regularly scheduled Pan Am transatlantic flight from Frankfurt to Detroit, via London and New York.

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Pan-Blue Coalition

The Pan-Blue Coalition or Pan-Blue Force is a political alliance in Taiwan (Republic of China), consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), New Party (CNP), and Minkuotang.

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Paris

Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.

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Paris Hilton

Paris Whitney Hilton (born February 17, 1981) is an American socialite, television personality, model, actress, singer, DJ, businesswoman, and author.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the UK Parliament or the British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, British Crown dependencies and British overseas territories.

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Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 ((HTML); *, from the U.S. Government Printing Office (PDF) PBA Ban) is a United States law prohibiting a form of late-term abortion that the Act calls "partial-birth abortion", referred to in medical literature as intact dilation and extraction.

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Party of Democratic Socialism (Germany)

The Party of Democratic Socialism (Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus, PDS) was a democratic socialist political party in Germany active between 1989 and 2007.

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Paul Bremer

Lewis Paul Bremer III (born September 30, 1941) is an American diplomat.

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Paul Martin

Paul Edgar Philippe Martin (born August 28, 1938), also known as Paul Martin Jr., is a Canadian politician who was the 21st Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada after being the Canadian Minister of Finance.

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Pauline Hanson

Pauline Lee Hanson (née Seccombe, formerly Zagorski; born 27 May 1954) is an Australian politician and the leader of One Nation, a far right political party with a populist, conservative, and anti-multiculturalism platform.

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Peasant

A peasant is a member of a traditional class of farmers, either laborers or owners of small farms, especially in the Middle Ages under feudalism, or more generally, in any pre-industrial society.

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Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (Russian: Российский университет дружбы народов, РУДН) is an educational and research institution located in southern Moscow.

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Personal ordinariate

A personal ordinariate, often called a "personal ordinariate for former Anglicans" or more informally an "Anglican ordinariate", is a canonical structure within the Catholic Church established in accordance with the apostolic constitution Anglicanorum Coetibus of 4 November 2009 and its complementary norms.

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw; Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Pervez Musharraf

Pervez Musharraf (پرویز مشرف; born 11 August 1943), is a Pakistani politician and a retired four-star rank army general who tenured as the tenth President of Pakistan from 2001 until tendering resignation to avoid impeachment in 2008.

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Phencyclidine

Phencyclidine (a complex clip of the chemical name 1-(1-phenyl cyclohexyl)piperidine), commonly initialized as PCP and known colloquially as Angel Dust, pharmaceutically as Sernyl, and by many other names, is a dissociative drug.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Phobia

A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder, usually defined as a persistent fear of an object or situation in which the sufferer commits to great lengths in avoiding, typically disproportional to the actual danger posed, often being recognized as irrational.

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Physician

A physician is a professional who practices medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

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Pickup truck

A pickup truck is a light duty truck having an enclosed cab and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.

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Planned Parenthood

Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA), usually referred to simply as Planned Parenthood, is a non-profit organization that provides reproductive health as well as maternal and child health services.

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Poland

Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.

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Police

A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder.

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Police brutality

'Police brutality' is the wanton use of excessive force, usually physical, but also common in forms of verbal attacks and psychological intimidation, by a police officer.

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Political freedom

Political freedom (also known as political autonomy or political agency) is a central concept in history and political thought and one of the most important (real or ideal) features of democratic societies.

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Politics

Politics (from πολιτικός politikos, definition "of, for, or relating to citizens") is the practice and theory of influencing other people.

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Politics of Canada

The politics of Canada function within a framework of parliamentary democracy and a federal system of parliamentary government with strong democratic traditions.

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Politics of Germany

Germany is a democratic, federal parliamentary republic, and federal legislative power is vested in the Bundestag (the parliament of Germany) and the Bundesrat (the representative body of the Länder, Germany's regional states).

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Politics of Italy

The politics of Italy is conducted through a constitutional republic with a multi-party system.

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Politics of Japan

The politics of Japan is conducted in a framework of a multi-party parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy where the Emperor acts as the ceremonial head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government, and the head of the Cabinet which directs the executive branch.

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Politics of the Republic of China

The politics of the Republic of China or Taiwan take place in a framework of a representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Premier (President of the Executive Yuan) is head of government, and of a dominant party system.

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Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins

Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), or simply dioxins, are a group of polyhalogenated organic compounds that are significant environmental pollutants.

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Populus Ltd

Populus is a market research company in the United Kingdom formed in 2003.

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Pornographic film

Pornographic films or sex films are films that present sexually explicit subject matter for the purpose of sexual arousal and erotic satisfaction of the viewer.

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Pornography

Pornography (often abbreviated as "porn" or "porno" in informal usage) is the portrayal of sexual subject matter for the purpose of sexual arousal.

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Portland General Electric

Portland General Electric (PGE) is an electrical utility based in Portland in the U.S. state of Oregon.

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Portland, Oregon

Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the county seat of Multnomah County, located at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers.

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Portugal

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.

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Premier of the People's Republic of China

The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (the "Central People's Government" after 1954), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service.

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President

A president is the leader of a country or a division or part of a country, typically a republic, a democracy, or a dictatorship.

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President of Pakistan

The President of Pakistan (صدر مملکت پاکستان —), the ceremonial head of state of Pakistan and a figurehead who represent the "unity of the Republic." in Chapter 1: The President, Part III: The Federation of Pakistan in the Constitution of Pakistan.

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President of the Republic of China

The President of the Republic of China is the head of state of the Republic of China and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China Armed Forces, now commonly known as Taiwan.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.

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Pride parade

Pride parades (also known as pride marches, pride events, and pride festivals) for the LGBT community are events celebrating lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) culture and pride.

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Prime minister

A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

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Prime Minister of Canada

The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus head of government for Canada, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or federal viceroy on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.

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Prime Minister of Israel

The Prime Minister of Israel (רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym: רה"מ) is the head of the Israeli government and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics.

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Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

The Prime Minister of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකා අග්‍රාමාත්‍ය; இலங்கை பிரதமர்) is a member of the Cabinet of Sri Lanka.

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Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest of four children and the third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

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Prince of Wales

Prince of Wales (Tywysog Cymru) is a title traditionally granted to the heir apparent of the British or English monarch.

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Private Secretary

A Private Secretary (with capital letters) is a civil servant in a governmental department or ministry, responsible to a Secretary of State or Minister.

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Privatization

Privatization, also spelled privatisation, may have several meanings.

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Progressive Conservative Party of Canada

The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada) (PC) (1942–2003) was a Canadian federal political party with a centre-right stance on economic issues and, after the 1970s, a centrist stance on social issues.

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Progressive Unionist Party

The Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) is a small unionist political party in Northern Ireland.

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Propaganda

Propaganda is a form of communication aimed towards influencing the attitude of a population toward some cause or position.

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Public utility district

In the United States, a public utility district (PUD) is a special-purpose district or other governmental jurisdiction that provides public utilities (such as electricity, natural gas, sewage treatment, waste collection/management, wholesale telecommunications, water) to the residents of that district.

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Putnam Investments

Putnam Investments is a privately owned investment management firm founded in 1937 by George Putnam, who established one of the first balanced mutual funds, The George Putnam Fund of Boston.

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Qatar

Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Southwest Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Queen's University Belfast

Queen's University Belfast is a public research university in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

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Ramadan

Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also transliterated Ramazan, Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.

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Ranil Wickremesinghe

Ranil Shriyan Wickremesinghe, MP (රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ,ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க; born 24 March 1949) is a Sri Lankan politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka since 9 January 2015, as Leader of the United National Party since 1994 and the Member of Parliament for Colombo District since 1977.

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Rape

Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration perpetrated against a person without that person's consent.

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Ray Kroc

Raymond Albert "Ray" Kroc (October 5, 1902 – January 14, 1984) was an American businessman, autodidact and philanthropist.

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Red Sea

The Red Sea, (also the Erythraean Sea), is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.

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Referendum

A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.

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Regional bank

A regional bank is a depository institution, i.e. a bank, savings and loan, or credit union, which is larger than a community bank, which operates below the state level, but smaller than a money center bank, which operates either nationally or internationally.

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Rend al-Rahim Francke

Rend al-Rahim Francke (born 1949) is an Iraqi political activist who often appears on various current affairs programs.

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Reoviridae

Reoviridae is a family of viruses.

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Republic of China presidential election, 2004

The Election for the 11th-term President and Vice-President of the Republic of China, the third direct presidential election in Taiwan's history and the 11th presidential election overall under the 1947 Chinese Constitution, was held on March 20, 2004 in Taiwan.

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Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, commonly referred to as GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

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Reserve Bank of Australia

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) came into being on 14 January 1960 as Australia's central bank and banknote issuing authority, when the Reserve Bank Act 1959 removed the central banking functions from the Commonwealth Bank.

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Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence

The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) was a statement adopted by the Cabinet of Rhodesia on 11 November 1965, announcing that Rhodesia, a British territory in southern Africa that had governed itself since 1923, now regarded itself as an independent sovereign state.

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Richard Perle

Richard Norman Perle (born September 16, 1941) is an American political advisor, consultant, and lobbyist who began his career in government as a senior staff member to Senator Henry “Scoop” Jackson on the Senate Armed Services Committee in the 1970s.

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Richard Stallman

Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms, is a software freedom activist and computer programmer.

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Rick Salomon

Rick Salomon (born c. 1968) is an American poker player and celebutant mostly known for his relationships with various female celebrities, including E.G. Daily, Shannen Doherty, Paris Hilton, and Pamela Anderson.

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Right-wing politics

Right-wing politics are political positions or activities that view some forms of social stratification or social inequality as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable,J.

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Riyadh

Riyadh (الرياض Najdi pronunciation:, "The Gardens") is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia.

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RMS Queen Mary 2

RMS Queen Mary 2 (also referred to as the QM2) is a transatlantic ocean liner.

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Robert Mugabe

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is the current President of Zimbabwe, serving since 31 December 1987.

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Robin Cook

· Robert Finlayson Cook (28 February 1946 – 6 August 2005) was a British Labour Party politician, who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Livingston from 1983 until his death, and served in the Cabinet as Foreign Secretary from 1997 to 2001.

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Rocket-propelled grenade

A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired, anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.

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Roger Federer

Roger Federer (born 8 August 1981) is a Swiss professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No.

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Roger Short

Roger Short MVO (9 December 1944 – 20 November 2003) was a British diplomat who was killed on 20 November 2003 in a truck bombing in Istanbul while serving as the British Consul-General in Turkey.

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Roh Moo-hyun

Roh Moo-hyun GOM (1 September 1946 – 23 May 2009) was the ninth President of the Republic of Korea (2003–2008).

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Ronald Reagan

Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician, commentator, and actor, who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.

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Royal Canadian Mounted Police

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP; Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC), literally 'Royal Gendarmerie of Canada'; colloquially known as the Mounties, and internally as 'the Force') is both a federal and a national police force of Canada.

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Royal Household

A Royal Household or Imperial Household in ancient and medieval monarchies formed the basis for the general government of the country as well as providing for the needs of the sovereign and his relations.

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Royal Mail

Royal Mail plc (a' Phuist Rìoghail, Post Brenhinol) is a postal service company in the United Kingdom.

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Rubber bullet

Rubber bullets (also called rubber baton rounds) are rubber or rubber-coated projectiles that can be fired from either standard firearms or dedicated riot guns.

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Rugby World Cup

The Rugby World Cup is a men's rugby union tournament contested every four years between the top international teams.

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Rwanda

Rwanda (or; U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in central and east Africa.

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Sacramento, California

Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of government of Sacramento County.

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Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.

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Sadr City

Sadr City (مدينة الصدر - Madinat aṣ-Ṣadr) formerly known as الثورة and Saddam City, is a suburb district of the city of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Saenuri Party

The Saenuri Party (새누리당, Saenuri-dang) is a centre-right, conservative political party in South Korea.

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Sailormongering

Sailormongering is the practice of boarding a ship approaching or newly arrived in port without the permission of its master, and inciting members of its crew to desert their posts and come ashore by tempting them with prostitutes and alcohol.

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Saint-Nazaire

Saint-Nazaire (Gallo) is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France, in traditional Brittany.

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Sales tax

A sales tax is a tax paid to a governing body for the sales of certain goods and services.

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Samarra

Sāmarrā (سامَرّاء) is a city in Iraq.

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Same-sex marriage

Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is marriage between people of the same sex, either as a secular civil ceremony or in a religious setting.

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Same-sex marriage in the United States

In the United States, same-sex marriage has been legal nationwide since June 26, 2015, when the United States Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that state-level bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional.

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Santa Barbara County Sheriff's Office

The Santa Barbara County Sheriff's Office (SBSO) provides law enforcement for the unincorporated areas of Santa Barbara County, California, USA, as well as several cities within the county.

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Santa Barbara County, California

Santa Barbara County, California, officially the County of Santa Barbara, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California.

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Saskatchewan general election, 2003

The Saskatchewan general election of 2003 was the twenty-fifth provincial election held in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.

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Saskatchewan New Democratic Party

The Saskatchewan New Democratic Party (NDP) is a social-democratic political party in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.

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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Science

ScienceFrom Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge".

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and is one of the world's top scientific journals.

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SCO Group

SCO, The SCO Group, The TSG Group, Caldera Systems, and Caldera International are the various names of an American software company that became known for acquiring the Santa Cruz Operation's Server Software and Services divisions, and UnixWare and OpenServer technologies, and then pursuing a series of legal battles known as the SCO-Linux controversies.

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SCO Group, Inc. v. International Business Machines Corp.

SCO v. IBM is a civil lawsuit in the United States District Court of Utah.

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Scotiabank Giller Prize

The Scotiabank Giller Prize, or Giller Prize, is a literary award given to a Canadian author of a novel or short story collection published in English (including translation) the previous year, after an annual juried competition between publishers who submit entries.

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Scotland

Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scott Ritter

William Scott Ritter Jr. (born July 15, 1961) was a United Nations weapons inspector in Iraq from 1991 to 1998, and later a critic of United States foreign policy in the Middle East.

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Seattle

Seattle is a coastal seaport city and the seat of King County.

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Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations.

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September 11 attacks

The September 11 attacks (also referred to as September 11, September 11th, or 9/11)9/11 is pronounced "nine eleven".

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Severe acute respiratory syndrome

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV).

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Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse, also referred to as molestation, is forcing undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another.

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Shadow Cabinet

The Shadow Cabinet is a feature of the Westminster system of government.

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Shanghai

Shanghai is the largest Chinese city by population, p. 395.

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Shanghai Maglev Train

The Shanghai Maglev Train or Shanghai Transrapid is a magnetic levitation train, or maglev line that operates in Shanghai, China.

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Shia Islam

Shia (شيعة Shīʿah), an abbreviation of Shīʻatu ʻAlī (شيعة علي, "followers/party of Ali"), is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his son-in-law and cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib.

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Shin Bet

The Israel Security Agency (ISA, שירות הביטחון הכללי Sherut haBitaẖon haKlali "General Security Service"; جهاز الأمن العام), better known by the acronym Shabak (שב״כ,, شاباك) or the Shin Bet (a two-letter Hebrew abbreviation of the name), is Israel's internal security service (similar to the British MI5 or the American FBI).

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Shining Path

The Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso), also sometimes known as Communist Party of Peru (Spanish: Partido Comunista del Perú), is a Maoist guerrilla insurgent organization in Peru.

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Showtime (TV network)

Showtime (occasionally abbreviated as "SHO") is an American premium cable and satellite television network that serves as the flagship service of the Showtime Networks subsidiary of CBS Corporation, which also owns sister services The Movie Channel and Flix.

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Shrine

A shrine (scrinium "case or chest for books or papers"; Old French: escrin "box or case") is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.

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Sichan Siv

Sichan Siv is the international bestselling author of Golden Bones, an American dream story, published by HarperCollins.

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Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk

The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft.

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Silovik

Silovik (p; plural: siloviki, p) is a Russian word for politicians from the security or military services, often the officers of the former KGB, GRU, FSB, SVR the Federal Drug Control or other security services who came into power.

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Simon Crean

Simon Findlay Crean (born 26 February 1949) is an Australian politician and trade unionist.

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Single transferable vote

The single transferable vote (STV) is a voting system designed to achieve proportional representation through ranked voting in multi-seat constituencies (voting districts).

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Single-bullet theory

The single-bullet theory (or magic-bullet theory, as it is commonly called by its critics) was introduced by the Warren Commission in its investigation of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy to explain what happened to the bullet that struck Kennedy in the back and exited through his throat.

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Sinn Féin

Sinn Féin is an Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

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Situation awareness

Situational awareness or situation awareness (SA) is the perception of environmental elements with respect to time or space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status after some variable has changed, such as time, or some other variable, such as a predetermined event.

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Sky News

Sky News is a 24-hour international, multi-media news operation based in Britain.

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Slate (magazine)

Slate is an English-language online current affairs and culture magazine in the United States created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley, initially under the ownership of Microsoft as part of MSN.

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Social Democratic and Labour Party

The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP; Páirtí Sóisialta Daonlathach an Lucht Oibre) is a social-democratic and Irish nationalist political party in Northern Ireland.

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Social Democratic Party of Germany

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.

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Solar flare

A solar flare is a sudden flash of brightness observed near the Sun's surface.

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Solar power

Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP).

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Somalia

Somalia (Soomaaliya; الصومال), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.

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Sophia Loren

Sophia Loren (born Sofia Villani Scicolone, 20 September 1934) is an Italian film actress.

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Sophie, Countess of Wessex

Sophie, Countess of Wessex, (Sophie Helen; née Rhys-Jones; born 20 January 1965) is the wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

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Source code

In computing, source code is any collection of computer instructions (possibly with comments) written using some human-readable computer language, usually as text.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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Soviet Union

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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Special forces

Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to perform unconventional missions.

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Srebrenica

Srebrenica is a town and municipality in easternmost Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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State of emergency

A government or division of government (i.e. on a municipal, provincial/state level) may declare that their area is in a state of emergency.

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State visit

A state visit is a formal visit by a head of state to a foreign country, at the invitation of that country's head of state, with the latter also acting as the official host for the duration of the state visit.

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Status quo

Status quo is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regards to social or political issues.

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Steel

Steels are alloys of iron and other elements, primarily carbon, widely used in construction and other applications because of their high tensile strengths and low costs.

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Stephen Harper

Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is a Canadian politician who is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and the Leader of the Conservative Party.

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Steve Waugh

Stephen Rodger Waugh, AO (born 2 June 1965) is a former Australian cricketer and twin brother of cricketer Mark Waugh.

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Street Legal Racing: Redline

Street Legal Racing Redline (also known as Street Legal 2) is a racing game developed by Invictus and published by Activision Value.

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Strike action

Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, on strike, greve (of French: grève), or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.

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Subatomic particle

In the physical sciences, subatomic particles are particles much smaller than atoms.

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Subpoena

A subpoena (also subpœna) is a writ issued by a government agency, most often a court, to compel testimony by a witness or production of evidence under a penalty for failure.

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Sudan

Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān), is a country in the Nile Valley of North Africa, bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia, to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.

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Suicide

Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.

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Suicide attack

A suicide attack is a violent attack in which the attacker intends to destroy property or kill other people and expects to die in the process.

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Sun

The Sun (in Greek: Helios, in Latin: Sol) is the star at the center of the Solar System and is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Surface-to-air missile

A surface-to-air missile (SAM), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.

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SUSE Linux distributions

SUSE Linux is a computer operating system.

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Synagogue

A synagogue, also spelled synagog (from Greek συναγωγή, transliterated synagogē, meaning "assembly"; בית כנסת beth knesset, meaning "house of assembly"; בית תפילה beth t'fila, meaning "house of prayer"; שול shul; אסנוגה esnoga; קהל kahal), is a Jewish house of prayer.

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Syria

Syria (سوريا or سورية, Sūriyā or Sūrīyah), officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia.

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Tabloid (newspaper format)

A tabloid is a newspaper with compact page size smaller than broadsheet, although there is no standard for the precise dimensions of the tabloid newspaper format.

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Taipei

Taipei (literally means "North of Tai(wan)"), officially known as Taipei City, is the capital city and a special municipality of Taiwan.

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Taiwan

Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Taiwan independence movement

Taiwan Independence movement is a political movement whose goals are primarily to formally establish the Republic of Taiwan or the State of Taiwan by renaming the Republic of China (ROC) (commonly known as Taiwan), strengthening Taiwanese identity, rejecting unification and One country, two systems with the People's Republic of China (PRC) (commonly known as China) and removing a politically Chinese identity, and obtain international recognition as a sovereign state by referring to Article 11, Article 12, Article 32 and Article 35 of the UN Charter based on the international rule of law of The Spirit of the Laws.

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Taiwanese referendum, 2004

A nationwide consultative referendum (全國性公民投票) was held in the Republic of China (ROC/Taiwan) on March 20, 2004 to coincide with the 2004 presidential election.

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Tally marks

Tally marks, also called hash marks, are a unary numeral system.

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Tariff

A tariff is a tax on imports or exports (an international trade tariff).

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Task Force 121

Task Force 121 was a United States Department of Defense special operations task force.

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Task Force 20

Task Force 20 was a task force for the now-deactivated United States Second Fleet, as well as a now-inactive task force for the United States Fleet Forces Command.

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Tax

A tax (from the Latin taxo; "rate") is a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by a state or the functional equivalent of a state to fund various public expenditures.

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Tax cut

A tax cut is a reduction in taxes.

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Taylor Nelson Sofres

TNS (formerly known as Taylor Nelson Sofres) is a leading market research and market information group.

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Tbilisi

Tbilisi (თბილისი), formerly known as Tpilisi and Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Mtkvari River with a population of roughly 1.5 million inhabitants.

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Television

A television, commonly referred to as TV, telly or the tube, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting sound with moving images in monochrome (black-and-white), colour, or in three dimensions.

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Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue, are a set of commandments which the Bible describes as being given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

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Tennis

Tennis is a racquet sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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Terrorism

Terrorism is any act designed to cause terror.

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Test cricket

Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket.

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Texas

Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second most populous and second largest state of the United States of America.

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Texas Stadium

Texas Stadium was an American football stadium located in Irving, Texas, a suburb of Dallas.

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Thabo Mbeki

Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born 18 June 1942) is a South African politician who served nine years as the second post-apartheid President of South Africa from 14 June 1999 to 24 September 2008.

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Thanksgiving (United States)

Thanksgiving, or Thanksgiving Day, is a holiday celebrated in the United States on the fourth Thursday in November.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.

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The Matrix Revolutions

The Matrix Revolutions is a 2003 American science fiction action film and the third installment of ''The Matrix'' trilogy.

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The Muppets

The Muppets are a group of puppet characters known for an absurdist, burlesque and self-referential style of variety-sketch comedy.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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The Observer

The Observer is a British newspaper, published on Sundays.

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The Pentagon

The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia.

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The Shard

The Shard, also referred to as the Shard of Glass, Shard London Bridge and formerly London Bridge Tower, is an 87-storey skyscraper in Southwark, London, that forms part of the London Bridge Quarter development.

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The Times

The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London.

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Theocracy

Theocracy, according to the dictionary, is the "government of a state by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided." The Oxford English Dictionary has this definition.

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Tikrit

Tikrit (تكريت Tikrīt, ܬܓܪܝܬ) sometimes transliterated as Takrit or Tekrit, is a city in Iraq, located northwest of Baghdad and southeast of Mosul on the Tigris River.

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Time zone

A time zone is a region that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.

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Tomislav Nikolić

Tomislav Nikolić (Томислав Николић,; born 15 February 1952) is a Serbian politician who has been the President of Serbia since 31 May 2012.

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Tony Blair

Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British Labour Party politician, who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007.

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Toronto

Toronto is the most populous city in Canada, and the capital of the province of Ontario.

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Toronto Maple Leafs

The Toronto Maple Leafs (officially the Toronto Maple Leaf Hockey Club) are a professional ice hockey team based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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Toronto municipal election, 2003

The Toronto municipal election of 2003 was held on 10 November 2003, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, to elect the Mayor of Toronto, 44 city councillors, and school board trustees.

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Toyota

is a Japanese automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.

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Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square is a public space and tourist attraction in central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.

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Trinity College, Dublin

Trinity College (Coláiste na Tríonóide), known in full as the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, is a research university and the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin in Ireland.

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Trojan horse (computing)

A Trojan horse, or Trojan, in computing is any malicious computer program which misrepresents itself as useful, routine, or interesting in order to persuade a victim to install it.

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TruTV

truTV is an American cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner.

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Tsunami

A tsunami (plural: tsunamis or tsunami; from 津波, lit. "harbor wave"; English pronunciation), also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis, MTB, or TB (short for tubercle bacillus), in the past also called phthisis, phthisis pulmonalis, or consumption, is a widespread, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

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Tuition payments

Tuition payments, usually known as tuition in American English and as tuition fees in Commonwealth English, are fees charged for instruction during higher education.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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Two-party system

A two-party system is a system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government.

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U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an agency of the United States federal government.

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UEFA

The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA,; Union des Associations Européennes de Football; Vereinigung Europäischer Fußballverbände) is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several members have territory which is all or partially in Africa or Asia.

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UEFA Euro 2004

The 2004 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2004 or Euro 2004, was the 12th edition of the UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football competition contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of UEFA.

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UK Unionist Party

The UK Unionist Party (UKUP) was a small unionist political party operating in Northern Ireland from 1995 to 2008 which was opposed to the Good Friday Agreement.

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Ulster Unionist Party

The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is one of the two main unionist political parties in Northern Ireland.

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Unionism in Ireland

In Ireland, unionism is an ideology which favours the continuation of some form of political union between Ireland and Great Britain.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations agency mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United Nations Special Commission

United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) was an inspection regime created by the United Nations to ensure Iraq's compliance with policies concerning Iraqi production and use of weapons of mass destruction after the Gulf War.

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United Press International

United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency, whose newswires, photo, news film and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines and radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.

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United States Department of Defense

The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Department of Justice

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The Department is headed by the Attorney General of the United States, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Loretta Lynch.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, US dollar or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its overseas territories.

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United States House of Representatives

The House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress (a bicameral legislature).

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United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces.

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United States National Security Council

The White House National Security Council (NSC) is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for a peaceful consideration of national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and Cabinet officials and is part of the Executive Office of the President of the United States.

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United States presidential election, 2004

The United States presidential election of 2004 was the 55th quadrennial presidential election.

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United States Secret Service

The United States Secret Service (USSS) is a federal law enforcement agency under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

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United States Secretary of Defense

The Secretary of Defense (SecDef) is the leader and chief executive officer of the Department of Defense, an Executive Department of the Government of the United States of America.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the U.S. House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.

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United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence

The United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (sometimes referred to as the Intelligence Committee or SSCI) is dedicated to overseeing the United States Intelligence Community—the agencies and bureaus of the federal government of the United States who provide information and analysis for leaders of the executive and legislative branches.

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University

A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which grants academic degrees in various subjects and typically provides undergraduate education and postgraduate education.

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University College Dublin

University College Dublin (also known as UCD) (An Coláiste Ollscoile, Baile Átha Cliath (COBÁC)), formally known as University College Dublin – National University of Ireland, Dublin (An Coláiste Ollscoile, Baile Átha Cliath - Ollscoil na hÉireann, Baile Átha Cliath) is Ireland's largest university, with over 1,480 faculty and 32,000 students.

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Unlawful combatant

An unlawful combatant, illegal combatant or unprivileged combatant/belligerent is a combatant who directly engages in armed conflict in violation of the laws of war.

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USA Today

USA Today is a national American daily middle-market newspaper published by the Gannett Company.

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USS Cole (DDG-67)

USS Cole (DDG-67) is an Aegis-equipped guided missile destroyer homeported in Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia.

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USS Cole bombing

The USS Cole bombing was a terrorist attack against the United States Navy guided-missile destroyer on 12 October 2000, while it was harbored and being refueled in the Yemeni port of Aden.

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Vaccination

Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.

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Value theory

Value theory encompasses a range of approaches to understanding how, why, and to what degree persons value things; whether the object of valuing is a person, idea, object, or anything else.

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Vancouver Canucks

The Vancouver Canucks are a Canadian professional ice hockey team based in Vancouver,:British Columbia.

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Velimir Ilić

Velimir "Velja" Ilić (Велимир "Веља" Илић,, born on May 28, 1951 in Čačak) is Serbian politician and Minister without portfolio in the Government of Serbia.

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Venice Commission

The Venice Commission is an advisory body of the Council of Europe, composed of independent experts in the field of constitutional law.

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Vicente Fox

Vicente Fox Quesada (born 2 July, 1942) is a Mexican businessman who was President of Mexico from 1 December 2000, to 30 November 2006 under the National Action Party (PAN).

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Video

Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.

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Videotape

Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing motion images and usually sound, as opposed to film or random-access digital media.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and also known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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Violence

Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation", although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional meaning of the word.

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Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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Visa (document)

A visa (from the Latin charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen"), is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a noncitizen to enter and temporarily remain within that country.

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Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a, born 7 October 1952) has been the President of Russia since 7 May 2012, succeeding Dmitry Medvedev.

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Voyager 1

Voyager 1 is a space probe launched by NASA on September 5, 1977.

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War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

The War in Afghanistan is the period in which the United States invaded Afghanistan after the September 11 attacks.

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War on Drugs

War on Drugs is an American term commonly applied to a campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade.

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War on Terror

The War on Terror (WoT), also known as the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT), refers to the international military campaign that started after the September 11 attacks on the United States.

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Warren Commission

The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as the Warren Commission, was established by President Lyndon B. Johnson on November 29, 1963 to investigate the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy that had taken place on November 22, 1963.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.

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Weapon

A weapon, arm, or armament is any device used in order to inflict damage or harm to living beings, structures, or systems.

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Webb Ellis Cup

The Webb Ellis Cup is the trophy awarded to the winner of the Rugby World Cup, the premier competition in men's international rugby union.

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Wen Jiabao

Wen Jiabao (born 15 September 1942) was the sixth Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, serving as China's head of government for a decade.

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West Bank

The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit or Cisjordan is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, forming the bulk of the Palestinian territories. The West Bank shares boundaries (demarcated by the Jordanian-Israeli armistice of 1949) to the west, north, and south with the state of Israel, and to the east, across the Jordan River, with Jordan. The West Bank also contains a significant coastline along the western bank of the Dead Sea. The West Bank, including East Jerusalem, has a land area of 5,640 km2 plus a water area of 220 km2, consisting of the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea. It has an estimated population of 2,676,740 (July 2013). More than 80%, about 2,100,000, are Palestinian Arabs, and approximately 500,000 are Jewish Israelis living in the West Bank, including about 192,000 in East Jerusalem, in Israeli settlements. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this. The International Court of Justice advisory ruling (2004) concluded that events that came after the 1967 occupation of the West Bank by Israel, including the Jerusalem Law, Israel's peace treaty with Jordan and the Oslo Accords, did not change the status of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) as occupied territory with Israel as the occupying power.

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Western Europe

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

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Western world

The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, West"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term referring to different nations depending on the context.

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White House

The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States, located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800.

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Wildfire

A wildfire or wildland fire is an uncontrolled fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside area.

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William Donaldson

Charles William Donaldson (4 January 1935 – 22 June 2005) was an English satirist, writer, playboy and, under the pseudonym of Henry Root, author of The Henry Root Letters.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.

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World peace

World peace is an ideal of freedom, peace, and happiness among and within all nations and/or people.

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World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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World Wide Fund for Nature

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded on April 29, 1961, working in the field of the biodiversity conservation, and the reduction of humanity's footprint on the environment.

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X3D Fritz

X3D Fritz was a version of the Fritz chess program, which in November 2003 played a four-game Human–computer chess match against world number one Grandmaster Garry Kasparov.

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Yasser Arafat

Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa (محمد ياسر عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات; 24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004), popularly known as Yasser Arafat (ياسر عرفات) or by his kunya Abu Ammar (أبو عمار), was a Palestinian leader.

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Yemen

Yemen (اليَمَن), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (الجمهورية اليمنية), is an Arab country in Southwest Asia, occupying the southwestern to southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Yukos

OJSC "Yukos Oil Company" (ОАО Нефтяна́я Компа́ния Ю́КОС) was an oil and gas company based in Moscow, Russia.

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Zapruder film

The Zapruder film is a silent, color motion picture sequence shot by private citizen Abraham Zapruder with a home-movie camera, as U.S. President John F. Kennedy's motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963, thereby unexpectedly capturing the President's assassination.

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Zell Miller

Zell Bryan Miller (born February 24, 1932) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Georgia.

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Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers.

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101st Airborne Division

The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles")—is a modular light infantry division of the United States Army trained for air assault operations.

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2003 Heritage Classic

The Heritage Classic was an outdoor ice hockey game played on November 22, 2003, in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, between the Edmonton Oilers and the Montreal Canadiens.

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2003 invasion of Iraq

The 2003 Invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States (prior to 19 March, the mission in Iraq was called Operation Enduring Freedom, a carryover from the War in Afghanistan).

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2003 Rugby World Cup

The 2003 Rugby World Cup was the fifth Rugby World Cup and was won by England.

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3rd Summit of the Americas

The 3rd Summit of the Americas was a summit held in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on April 20–22, 2001.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_2003

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