84 relations: Amsterdam, Andalusian Spanish, Arabic, Arabic alphabet, Arabic phonology, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Balearic dialect, Bernese German, Bernese German phonology, Bulgarian language, California English, Canadian English, Canadian Shift, Catalan language, Catalan orthography, Catalan phonology, Cockney, Cyrillic script, Danish language, Danish orthography, Danish phonology, Dutch language, Dutch orthography, Dutch phonology, English language, English orthography, English phonology, French language, French orthography, French phonology, German language, German orthography, Groningen, Gujarati alphabet, Gujarati language, Gujarati phonology, Hamont dialect, Inland Northern American English, International Phonetic Alphabet, International Phonetic Association, Jilu, Johannesburg, Kabardian language, Language, Latin alphabet, Limburgish language, Luxembourgish language, Maastrichtian dialect, Midland American English, Murcian Spanish, ..., Near-open front unrounded vowel, North Frisian language, Northern Cities Vowel Shift, Norwegian dialects, Norwegian language, Norwegian orthography, Norwegian phonology, Open back unrounded vowel, Open central unrounded vowel, Polish language, Polish orthography, Polish phonology, Received Pronunciation, Relative articulation, Spanish language, Spanish orthography, Spanish phonology, Speech, Stavangersk, Swedish language, Swedish orthography, Swedish phonology, Syriac alphabet, Texan English, Tilquiapan Zapotec, Trondheimsk, Tyari, Urmia, Utrecht, Vowel, Welsh language, Welsh orthography, Welsh phonology, Zapotec languages. Expand index (34 more) » « Shrink index
Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Andalusian varieties of Spanish (Spanish: andaluz). are spoken in Andalusia, Ceuta, Melilla, and Gibraltar.
Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.
The Arabic alphabet (الأَبْجَدِيَّة العَرَبِيَّة or الحُرُوف العَرَبِيَّة) or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing the Arabic language.
While many languages have numerous dialects that differ in phonology, the contemporary spoken Arabic language is more properly described as a continuum of varieties.
Balearic (balear) is the collective name for the dialects of Catalan spoken in the Balearic Islands: mallorquí in Majorca, eivissenc in Ibiza, and menorquí in Minorca.
Bernese German (Standard German: Berndeutsch, Bärndütsch) is the dialect of High Alemannic German spoken in the Swiss plateau (Mittelland) part of the canton of Bern and in some neighbouring regions.
This article is about the phonology of Bernese German.
California English (or Californian English) is a variety of Western American English, mostly documented in Southern California and the San Francisco Bay area of Northern California.
Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the variety of English spoken in Canada.
The Canadian Shift is a chain shift of vowel sounds found primarily in Canadian English, but also possibly in some other dialects (for example, younger Pacific Northwest English).
Catalan (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh; also or autonym: català or) is a Romance language named for its origins in Catalonia, in what is northeastern Spain and adjoining parts of France.
Like those of many other Romance languages, the Catalan alphabet derives from the Latin alphabet and is largely based on the language’s phonology.
The phonology of Catalan, a Romance language, has a certain degree of dialectal variation.
The term Cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.
The Cyrillic script is an alphabetic writing system employed across Eastern Europe and north and central Asia.
Danish (dansk; dansk sprog) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status.
Danish orthography is the system used to write the Danish language.
Danish is a Scandinavian language related closely to Swedish and Norwegian, and more distantly to Icelandic and Faroese as well as to the other Germanic languages.
Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.
Dutch orthography uses the Latin alphabet according to a system which has evolved to suit the needs of the Dutch language.
Dutch has a similar phonology or pronunciation to other West Germanic languages.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English orthography is the orthography used in writing the English language, including English spelling, hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation.
Like many languages, English has wide variation in pronunciation, both historically and from dialect to dialect.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.
French orthography encompasses the spelling and punctuation of the French language.
This article mainly discusses the phonological system of standard French based on the Parisian dialect.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
German orthography is the orthography used in writing the German language.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen; West Frisian: Grins) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands.
The Gujarati script (ગુજરાતી લિપિ Gujǎrātī Lipi), which like all Nāgarī writing systems is an abugida, a type of alphabet, is used to write the Gujarati and Kutchi languages.
Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.
Hamont dialect or Hamont Limburgish is the city dialect and variant of Limburgish spoken in the Belgian city of Hamont (a part of Hamont-Achel) alongside the Dutch language (with which it is not mutually intelligible).
Inland Northern (American) English, also known in the United States as Inland North English or Great Lakes English, is an American English dialect spoken in a geographic band reaching approximately, east-to-west, from Herkimer, New York to Cedar Rapids, Iowa, including most of the cities along the Erie Canal and on the U.S. side of the Great Lakes region, and also including a geographic corridor that extends across a section of Illinois, ending around St. Louis, Missouri.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (unofficially—though commonly—abbreviated IPA)"The acronym 'IPA' strictly refers to the 'International Phonetic Association'.
The International Phonetic Association (IPA; in French, Association phonétique internationale, API) is an organization that promotes the scientific study of phonetics and the various practical applications of that science.
Jīlū was a district located in the Hakkari region of upper Mesopotamia in modern day Turkey.
New!!: Open front unrounded vowel and Jilu ·
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Jo'burg, eGoli, and Joeys, and abbreviated as JHB) is the largest city in South Africa.
Kabardian (Kabardian: адыгэбзэ or къэбэрдей адыгэбзэ or къэбэрдейбзэ; Adyghe: адыгэбзэ or къэбэртай адыгабзэ or къэбэртайбзэ), also known as Kabardino-Cherkess (къэбэрдей-черкесыбзэ) or, is a Northwest Caucasian language, closely related to the Adyghe language.
Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so, and a language is any specific example of such a system.
The classical Latin alphabet, also known as the Roman alphabet, is a writing system that evolved from the visually similar Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet.
Limburgish, also called Limburgian or Limburgic (Limburgish: Limburgs Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois), is a group of East Low Franconian language varieties spoken in the Limburg and Rhineland regions, along the Dutch–Belgian–German border.
Luxembourgish, Luxemburgish or Letzeburgesch (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuergesch) is a Moselle Franconian variety of West Central German that is spoken mainly in Luxembourg.
Maastrichtian or Maastrichtian Limburgish (respectively Mestreechs or Mestreechs-Limburgs) is the city dialect and variant of Limburgish spoken in the Dutch city of Maastricht alongside the Dutch language (with which it is not mutually intelligible).
Midland American English refers to an American English dialect found in a broad swath of the central United States.
Murciano is a variant of the Peninsular Spanish, spoken mainly in autonomous region of Murcia and the adjacent Comarca of Vega Baja del Segura in the province of Alicante (especially in the rural areas) on the Mediterranean coast.
North Frisian is a minority language of Germany, spoken by about 30,000 people in North Frisia.
The Northern Cities Vowel Shift (or simply Northern Cities Shift) is a chain shift in the sounds of some vowels of the Inland North, Upper Midwest, and traditional southwestern New England dialects of American English, most heavily centering around the Great Lakes region.
The Norwegian dialects are commonly divided into 4 main groups, Northern Norwegian (nordnorsk), Central Norwegian (trøndersk), Western Norwegian (vestlandsk), and Eastern Norwegian (østnorsk).
Norwegian (norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the sole official language.
Norwegian orthography is the method of writing the Norwegian language, of which there are two written standards: Bokmål and Nynorsk.
The sound system of Norwegian resembles that of Swedish.
The open back unrounded vowel, or low back unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
The open central unrounded vowel, or low central unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in many spoken languages.
Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and the native language of the Poles.
Polish orthography is the system of writing the Polish language.
The phonological system of the Polish language is similar in many ways to those of other Slavic languages, although there are some characteristic features found in only a few other languages of the family, such as contrasting retroflex and palatal fricatives and affricates, and nasal vowels.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is regarded as the standard accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom, with a relationship to regional accents similar to the relationship in other European languages between their standard varieties and their regional forms.
In phonetics and phonology, relative articulation is description of the manner and place of articulation of a speech sound relative to some reference point.
Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
Spanish orthography is the orthography used in the Spanish language.
This article is about the phonology and phonetics of the Spanish language.
Speech is the vocalized form of human communication.
Stavangersk, Stavanger dialect or Stavanger Norwegian (Stavangersk, Stavanger-dialekt (Bokmål) or Stavangerdialekt (Nynorsk)) is a dialect of Norwegian used in Stavanger.
Swedish is a North Germanic language, spoken natively by about 9 million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
Swedish orthography is the system used to write the Swedish language.
Swedish has a large vowel inventory, with nine vowels distinguished in quality and to some degree quantity, making 17 vowel phonemes in most dialects.
The Syriac alphabet is a writing system primarily used to write the Syriac language from the 1st century AD.
Texan English is a dialect of Southern American English.
Tilquiapan Zapotec (Zapoteco de San Miguel Tilquiápam) is an Oto-Manguean language of the Zapotecan branch, spoken in southern Oaxaca, Mexico.
Trondheimsk, Trondheim dialect or Trondheim Norwegian is a dialect of Norwegian used in Trondheim.
Ţyāré (ܛܝܪܐ, Kurdish: Tîyar) is an Assyrian tribe of ancient origins, and a historical district within Hakkari, Turkey.
New!!: Open front unrounded vowel and Tyari ·
UrmiaVariously transliterated as Oroumieh, Oroumiyeh, Orūmīyeh and Urūmiyeh (Urmu, Urmiyə, ارومیه, Ûrmiye, Ուրմիա, ܐܘܪܡܝܐ) is the second largest city in the north-west of Iran, is a city in and the capital of West Azerbaijan Province, Iran.
New!!: Open front unrounded vowel and Urmia ·
Utrecht is the capital and most populous city in the Dutch province of Utrecht.
In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language, such as an English "ah!" or "oh!", pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure at any point above the glottis.
New!!: Open front unrounded vowel and Vowel ·
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg, pronounced) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales, by some along the Welsh border in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina).
Welsh orthography uses 29 letters (including eight digraphs) of the Latin script to write native Welsh words as well as established loanwords.
The phonology of Welsh is characterised by a number of sounds that do not occur in English and are typologically rare in European languages, such as the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative and several voiceless sonorants (nasals and liquids), some of which result from consonant mutation.
The Zapotec languages are a group of closely related indigenous Mesoamerican languages that constitute a main branch of the Oto-Manguean language family and which is spoken by the Zapotec people from the southwestern-central highlands of Mexico.