62 relations: Aesthetics, Ambassador, Anhui, Art name, Calligraphy, China, Chuzhou, Ci (poetry), Classical Chinese poetry, Classical Prose Movement, Confucius, Courtesy name, Epigraphy, Fan Zhongyan, Filial piety, Fuyang, Han dynasty, Han Yu, Hangzhou, Hanlin Academy, Harvard University Press, Historian, Huang Zhen, Imperial China: 900–1800, Imperial examination, Incest, Jiangxi, Jin dynasty (265–420), Jishui County, Kaifeng, Kinship, Li Dongyang, Liao dynasty, List of essayists, Luoyang, Ming dynasty, National Palace Museum, New Book of Tang, New History of the Five Dynasties, Ouyang, Poet, Political faction, Politician, Posthumous name, Prefect, Qing dynasty, Qingli Reforms, Shandong, Shi (poetry), Sima Qian, ..., Song dynasty, Song poetry, Tang dynasty, Tao, Tutor, Twenty-Four Histories, Wang Anshi, West Lake, Western Xia, World Digital Library, Zuiweng Pavilion, Zuiweng Tingji. Expand index (12 more) » « Shrink index
Aesthetics (also spelled æsthetics and esthetics also known in Greek as Αισθητική, or "Aisthētiké") is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
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An ambassador is an official envoy, especially a highest ranking diplomat who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state, or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.
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Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
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A pseudonym or pen name, also known by its native names hao (in China), gō (in Japan) and ho (in Korea), is a professional name used by East Asian artists.
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Calligraphy is a visual art related to writing.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Chuzhou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Anhui Province, China.
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Ci (tzu;, and, interchangeably –– to a point –– with 辭/辞) are a poetic form, a type of lyric poetry, done in the tradition of Classical Chinese poetry.
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Attributed to Han Gan, ''Huiyebai (Night-Shining White Steed)'', about 750 CE (Tang Dynasty). Classical Chinese poetry is traditional Chinese poetry written in Classical Chinese: typified by certain traditional forms, or modes, and certain traditional genres, as well as being considered in terms associations with particular historical periods, such as the poetry of the Tang Dynasty.
The Classical Prose Movement (Chinese 古文運動 pinyin guwen yundong) of the late Tang dynasty and the Song dynasty in China advocated clarity and precision rather than the florid piantiwen (駢體文) or parallel prose style that had been popular since the Han dynasty.
Confucius (September 28, 551 – 479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
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A courtesy name (zi), also known as style name, is a name bestowed upon a person at adulthood in addition to one's given name.
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Epigraphy (from the ἐπιγραφή epi-graphē, literally "on-writing", is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.
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Fan Zhongyan (范仲淹) (989-1052) was a prominent politician and literary figure in Song dynasty China.
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In Confucian philosophy, filial piety (xiào) is a virtue of respect for one's father, elders, and ancestors.
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() is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Anhui province, People's Republic of China.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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Han Yu (768–824), born in Nanyang, Henan, China, was a precursor of Neo-Confucianism as well as an essayist and poet from the Tang dynasty.
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Hangzhou, formerly romanised as Hangchow, is the capital and largest city of Zhejiang Province in Eastern China.
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The Hanlin Academy was an academic and administrative institution founded in the eighth-century Tang China by Emperor Xuanzong.
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Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
A historian is a person who researches, studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.
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For the Song/Yuan philosopher and textual scholar, see Huang Zhen (philosopher) (1213–1281) Huang Zhen (8 January 1909 – 10 December 1989) was a politician of the People's Republic of China.
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Imperial China: 900–1800 is a book of history written by F. W. Mote, Professor of Chinese History and Civilization, Emeritus, at Princeton University.
The imperial examination was a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.
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Incest is sexual activity between family members or close relatives.
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Jiangxi (Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country.
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The Jin dynasty was a dynasty in Chinese history, lasting between the years 265 and 420 AD.
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Jishui County (Chinese: 吉水县; Pinyin: Jíshǔi Xiàn) is a county located on the Gan River Ji'an city, Jiangxi province, China.
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Kaifeng, known previously by several names (see below), is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan, China.
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In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of most humans in most societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated.
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Li Dongyang (1447-1516 AD) was a Ming dynasty scholar born in Chaling city, Hunan Province.
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The Liao dynasty (Khitan: Mos Jælud), officially the Great Liao, also known as the Khitan Empire (Khitan: Mos diau-d kitai huldʒi gur), was an empire in East Asia that ruled over Mongolia and portions of the Russian Far East, northern Korea, and northern China proper from 907 to 1125.
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This article is an abbreviated list of essayists, individuals notable for writing essays on various topics.
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Luoyang is a prefecture-level city in western Henan province of Central China.
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The Ming dynasty, or the Great Ming, also called the Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
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The National Palace Museum is an antique museum in Shilin, Taipei, Taiwan.
The New Book of Tang, generally translated as “New History of the Tang,” or “New Tang History,” is a work of official history covering the Tang dynasty in ten volumes and 225 chapters.
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The Historical Records of the Five Dynasties (五代史記, Wudai Shiji) is a Chinese historiography book on the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (roughly 907–960) of ancient China, written by the Song Dynasty official Ouyang Xiu (1007–1072) in private.
Ouyang (also spelled Oyang, O. Yang, O'Yang, Owyang, Au Yong, Auyong, Ah Yong, Auyang, Au Yeung, Au Yeang, Au Yeong, Au Ieong, Ao Ieong, Eoyang, Oyong, O'Young, Auwjong, Ojong, Owyong, Au Duong, Ou Young, Ow Young) is one of the most common two-character Chinese compound surnames in the world.
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A poet is a person who writes poetry.
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A political faction is a group of individuals, such as a political party, a trade union, or other group with a common political purpose.
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A politician (from Classical Greek πόλις, "polis") is a person holding or seeking an office within a government, usually by means of an election, voted for either by people or by a definitive group in the government.
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A posthumous name is an honorary name given to royalty, nobles, and sometimes others, in East Asia after the person's death, and is used almost exclusively instead of one's personal name or other official titles during his life.
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Prefect (from the Latin praefectus, substantive adjectival form of praeficere: "put in front", i.e., in charge) is a magisterial title of varying definition, but which, basically, refers to the leader of an administrative area.
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The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, also called the Empire of the Great Qing, or the Manchu dynasty, was the last imperial dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917.
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The Qingli Reforms also called Minor Reforms, took place in China’s Song dynasty under the leadership of Fan Zhongyan and Ouyang Xiu.
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Shandong, is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
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Shi and shih are romanizations of the character 詩 or 诗, the Chinese word for all poetry generally and across all languages.
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Sima Qian (pronounced; c. 145 or 13586 BC), formerly romanized Ssu-ma Chien, was a Chinese historian of the Han dynasty.
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The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
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Song poetry refers to Classical Chinese poetry of or typical of the Song dynasty of China (960-1279).
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The Tang dynasty, was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
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Tao or Dao is a Chinese concept signifying 'way', 'path', 'route', or sometimes more loosely, 'doctrine' or 'principle'.
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A tutor is an instructor who gives private lessons.
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The Twenty-Four Histories, also known as the Standard Histories (zhengshi 正史) are the Chinese official historical books covering a period from 3000 BC to the Ming dynasty in the 17th century.
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Wang Anshi (December 8, 1021 – May 21, 1086) was a Chinese economist, statesman, chancellor and poet of the Song Dynasty who attempted controversial, major socioeconomic reforms.
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West Lake (Xī Hú) is a freshwater lake in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province in eastern China.
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The Western Xia, also known as the Tangut Empire and to the Tangut people and the Tibetans as Minyak,Stein (1972), pp.
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The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.
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The Zuiweng Pavilion (is a pavilion lying to the south east of Chuzhou City, Anhui Province, People's Republic of China. Located in the Mount Langya Scenic Area (琅琊山风景名胜区), the structure is also known as the "Number one pavilion under heaven" (天下第一亭). It was originally constructed in 1046 CE during the Northern Song Dynasty whilst the structure that exists today dates to the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). The pavilion takes its name from the Northern Song poet Ouyang Xiu, who called himself the "Old Toper" and wrote a poem entitled Zuiweng Tingji or An Account of the Old Toper's Pavilion.
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Zuiweng Tingji is a semi-autobiographical poem by Ouyang Xiu (1007–1072 CE).
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