84 relations: African American, African Methodist Episcopal Church, American Civil War, Bar (law), Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Bibb County, Georgia, Captain (United States O-3), Charles Sumner, Cherokee, Cincinnati, Civil and political rights, David Paterson, Deval Patrick, Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era, Douglas A. Blackmon, Douglas Wilder, Eliot Spitzer, Ethnic groups of Africa, Free people of color, Georgia (U.S. state), German American, Governor (United States), Harlem Renaissance, Henry C. Warmoth, Historically black colleges and universities, History of slavery in Georgia (U.S. state), Homer Plessy, Howard University Press, Impeachment, James T. Rapier, Jean Toomer, Jeremiah Haralson, John McEnery (Louisiana), Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana, List of African-American officeholders during Reconstruction, List of Governors of Louisiana, Louisiana State Senate, Louisiana State University Press, Macon, Georgia, Manumission, Massachusetts, Metairie Cemetery, Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War, Mississippi, Mulatto, Multiracial, New Orleans, New York, Nicholas Lemann, Ohio, ..., Oscar Dunn, Otto von Bismarck, Paramilitary, Plantations in the American South, Plessy v. Ferguson, Pro tempore, Reconstruction Acts, Reconstruction Era, Republican Party (United States), Saratoga Springs, New York, Scotch-Irish American, Sidney, Ohio, Slave and free states, Slavery by Another Name, Southern University, Southern University at New Orleans, Straight University, Supreme Court of the United States, Terre Haute, Indiana, The Washington Post, U.S. state, Ulysses S. Grant, United States Colored Troops, United States Customs Service, United States Marshals Service, United States presidential election, 1872, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Welsh American, White League, White people, William Pitt Kellogg, 1st Louisiana Native Guard (United States), 2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry. Expand index (34 more) » « Shrink index
African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the United States.
The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.
Bar in a legal context has three possible meanings: the physical division of a courtroom between its working and public areas; the process of qualifying to practice law; and the legal profession.
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Baton Rouge (French for "Red Stick", French: Bâton-Rouge) is the capital of the U.S. state of Louisiana and its second-largest city.
Bibb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia.
In the United States Army, U.S. Air Force, and U.S. Marine Corps, captain is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.
Charles Sumner (January 6, 1811 – March 11, 1874) was an American politician and senator from Massachusetts.
The Cherokee (Cherokee Ani-Yunwiya (ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ) are a Native American tribe indigenous to the Southeastern United States (principally Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina and South Carolina). They speak Cherokee, an Iroquoian language. In the 19th century, historians and ethnographers recorded their oral tradition that told of the tribe having migrated south in ancient times from the Great Lakes region, where other Iroquoian-speaking peoples were. By the 19th century, European settlers in the United States called the Cherokee one of the "Five Civilized Tribes", because they had adopted numerous cultural and technological practices of the European American settlers. The Cherokee were one of the first, if not the first, major non-European ethnic group to become U.S. citizens. Article 8 in the 1817 treaty with the Cherokee stated Cherokees may wish to become citizens of the United States. Note: Article 8 in the 1817 treaty as quoted, is mostly about certain land use rights (East of the Mississippi), which might be retained by certain "Indians" if they met certain conditions -- namely, if they "wish to become citizens of the United States". However, in so doing, Article 8 implies that such "Indians" (living East of the Mississippi) who "wish to become citizens of the United States", could (would be allowed to) become citizens of the United States. It seems to (be worded so as to) anticipate a future (after 1817) in which lands West of the Mississippi would remain (territories of, or) outside the boundaries of, the United States. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the Cherokee Nation has more than 314,000 members, the largest of the 566 federally recognized Native American tribes in the United States. In addition, numerous groups claiming Cherokee lineage, some of which are state-recognized, have members who are among those 819,000-plus people claiming Cherokee ancestry on the US census. Of the three federally recognized Cherokee tribes, the Cherokee Nation and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians (UKB) have headquarters in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. The UKB are mostly descendants of "Old Settlers," Cherokee who migrated to Arkansas and Oklahoma about 1817. They are related to the Cherokee who were forcibly relocated there in the 1830s under the Indian Removal Act. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is on the Qualla Boundary in western North Carolina, and are descendants of those who resisted or avoided relocation. In addition, there are numerous Cherokee heritage groups throughout the United states, such as the satellite communities sponsored by the Cherokee Nation.
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Cincinnati is a city in and the county seat of Hamilton County, Ohio, United States.
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Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations and private individuals, and which ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the society and state without discrimination or repression.
David Alexander Paterson (born May 20, 1954) is an American politician.
Deval Laurdine Patrick (born July 31, 1956) is an American politician and civil rights lawyer who served as the 71st Governor of Massachusetts from 2007 to 2015.
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Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era deals with the efforts made by Southern states of the former Confederacy at the turn of the 20th century in the United States to prevent their black citizens from registering to vote and voting.
Douglas A. Blackmon (born 1964) is an American writer, journalist who won a Pulitzer Prize in 2009 for his book, Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II.
Lawrence Douglas Wilder (born January 17, 1931) is an American politician, who served as the first African American to be elected as governor of Virginia and first African-American governor of any state since Reconstruction.
Eliot Laurence Spitzer (born June 10, 1959) is an American politician who served as the 54th Governor of New York from 2007 until his resignation on March 17, 2008.
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The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, each generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.
The term free people of color (French: gens de couleur libres), in the context of the history of slavery in the Americas, at first specifically referred to persons of mixed African and European descent who were not enslaved.
Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States.
German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who are of German descent.
In the United States, the title governor refers to the chief executive of each state or insular territory, not directly subordinate to the federal authorities, but the political and ceremonial head of the state.
The Harlem Renaissance was a movement that spanned the 1920s.
Henry Clay Warmoth (May 9, 1842 – September 30, 1931) was an attorney, Union Civil War officer, and Louisiana elected official, serving as Republican governor and state representative.
Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the black community.
Slavery in Georgia is known to have been practiced by the original or earliest-known inhabitants of the future colony and state of Georgia, for centuries prior to European colonization.
Homer Adolph Plessy (March 17, 1862 – March 1, 1925) was the American Louisiana Creole of Color plaintiff in the United States Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson.
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Howard University Press was a publisher that was part of Howard University, founded in 1972.
Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity, the outcome of which, depending on the country, may include the removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment.
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James Thomas Rapier (November 13, 1837 – May 31, 1883) was an attorney, a planter and a politician; elected as a United States Representative from Alabama, he served from 1873 until 1875.
Jean Toomer (December 26, 1894 – March 30, 1967) was an American poet and novelist and an important figure of the Harlem Renaissance and modernism.
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Jeremiah Haralson (April 1, 1846 – 1916), was among the first ten African-American Congressmen in the United States.
John McEnery (March 31, 1833, Petersburg, Virginia – March 28, 1891) was a Louisiana Democratic politician and lawyer who was considered by Democrats to be the winner of the highly contested 1872 election for Governor of Louisiana.
The Office of Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana is the second highest state office in Louisiana.
Many scholars have identified more than 1,500 African American officeholders during the Reconstruction period (1865–1876).
This is a list of the governors of Louisiana, from acquisition by the United States in 1803 to the present day; for earlier governors of Louisiana see List of colonial governors of Louisiana.
The Louisiana State Senate (French: Sénat de Louisiane) is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana.
The Louisiana State University Press (LSU Press) is a university press that was founded in 1935.
Macon is a city located in central Georgia, United States.
Manumission, from manumit, is the act of a slave owner freeing his or her slaves.
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Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
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Metairie Cemetery is a cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
The history of African Americans in the American Civil War is marked by 186,097 (7,122 officers, 178,975 enlisted/soldiers & sailors)Herbert Aptheker, "Negro Casualties in the Civil War", "The Journal of Negro History", Vol.
Mississippi is a state located in the Southern United States.
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Mulatto is a term originally used to refer to a person who is born from one black parent and one white parent; or to persons of two Mulatto parents.
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Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.
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New Orleans (or; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
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New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
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Nicholas Berthelot Lemann is the Joseph Pulitzer II and Edith Pulitzer Moore Professor of Journalism and Dean Emeritus of the Faculty of Journalism at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.
Ohio is a state in the Midwestern United States.
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Oscar James Dunn (1826 – November 22, 1871) was one of three African Americans who served as a Republican Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana during the era of Reconstruction.
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Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890.
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, and which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.
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Plantations were an important aspect of the history of the American South, particularly the antebellum (pre-American Civil War) South.
Plessy v. Ferguson,, was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
Pro tempore, abbreviated pro tem or p.t., is a Latin phrase which best translates to "for the time being" in English.
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After the end of the American Civil War, as part of the on-going process of Reconstruction, the United States Congress passed four statutes known as Reconstruction Acts.
The term Reconstruction Era, in the context of the history of the United States, has two senses: the first covers the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress, with the reconstruction of state and society.
The Republican Party, commonly referred to as GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Saratoga Springs is an affluent city in Saratoga County, New York, United States, that is also widely known as simply Saratoga (though not to be confused with the nearby town of that name).
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from the Irish province of Ulster who migrated to North America during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Sidney is a city in Shelby County, Ohio, United States.
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In the history of the United States of America, a slave state was a U.S. state in which the practice of slavery was legal at a particular point of time, and a free state was one in which slavery was prohibited or being legally phased out at that point of time.
Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II is a book by American writer Douglas A. Blackmon, published by Anchor Books in 2008.
Southern University and A&M College is a historically black college in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Southern University at New Orleans (often referred to by its initials SUNO) is a historically African American university located in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
Straight University, after 1915 Straight College, was a historically black college that operated between 1868 and 1934 in New Orleans, Louisiana.
The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Terre Haute is a city in and the county seat of Vigo County, Indiana, United States, near the state's western border with Illinois.
The Washington Post is an American daily newspaper.
A state of the United States of America is one of the 50 constituent political entities that shares its sovereignty with the United States federal government.
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Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–77).
The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments in the United States Army composed of mainly African-American (colored) soldiers, although non-African Americans people of color such as Pacific Islanders, Asian Americans and Native Americans also fought under USCT regiments.
The United States Customs Service was an agency of the U.S. federal government that collected import tariffs and performed other selected border security duties.
The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a U.S. federal law enforcement agency within the U.S. Department of Justice (see). The office of U.S. Marshals is the oldest American federal law enforcement agency.
The United States presidential election of 1872 was the 22nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1872.
Virginia (U.S.:, U.K.), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state located in the South Atlantic region of the United States.
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Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
Welsh Americans are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Wales.
The White League, also known as the White Man's League, was an American white supremacist paramilitary terrorist organization started in 1874 to turn Republicans out of office and intimidate freedmen from voting and political organizing.
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White people is a racial classification specifier, depending on context used for people of Caucasian ancestry.
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William Pitt Kellogg (December 8, 1830 – August 10, 1918) was an American lawyer and Republican Party politician who served as a United States Senator from 1868 to 1872 and from 1877 to 1883 and as the Governor of Louisiana from 1873 to 1877 during the Reconstruction Era.
The 1st Louisiana Native Guard (later became the 73rd Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops) was one of the first all-black regiments to fight in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The 2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry was a regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.