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P. B. S. Pinchback

Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (born Pinckney Benton Stewart May 10, 1837 – December 21, 1921) was an American publisher and politician, a Union Army officer, and the first person of African descent to become governor of a U.S. state. [1]

84 relations: African American, African Methodist Episcopal Church, American Civil War, Bar (law), Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Bibb County, Georgia, Captain (United States O-3), Charles Sumner, Cherokee, Cincinnati, Civil and political rights, David Paterson, Deval Patrick, Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era, Douglas A. Blackmon, Douglas Wilder, Eliot Spitzer, Ethnic groups of Africa, Free people of color, Georgia (U.S. state), German American, Governor (United States), Harlem Renaissance, Henry C. Warmoth, Historically black colleges and universities, History of slavery in Georgia (U.S. state), Homer Plessy, Howard University Press, Impeachment, James T. Rapier, Jean Toomer, Jeremiah Haralson, John McEnery (Louisiana), Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana, List of African-American officeholders during Reconstruction, List of Governors of Louisiana, Louisiana State Senate, Louisiana State University Press, Macon, Georgia, Manumission, Massachusetts, Metairie Cemetery, Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War, Mississippi, Mulatto, Multiracial, New Orleans, New York, Nicholas Lemann, Ohio, ..., Oscar Dunn, Otto von Bismarck, Paramilitary, Plantations in the American South, Plessy v. Ferguson, Pro tempore, Reconstruction Acts, Reconstruction Era, Republican Party (United States), Saratoga Springs, New York, Scotch-Irish American, Sidney, Ohio, Slave and free states, Slavery by Another Name, Southern University, Southern University at New Orleans, Straight University, Supreme Court of the United States, Terre Haute, Indiana, The Washington Post, U.S. state, Ulysses S. Grant, United States Colored Troops, United States Customs Service, United States Marshals Service, United States presidential election, 1872, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Welsh American, White League, White people, William Pitt Kellogg, 1st Louisiana Native Guard (United States), 2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry. Expand index (34 more) »

African American

African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.

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African Methodist Episcopal Church

The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the United States.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.

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Bar (law)

Bar in a legal context has three possible meanings: the physical division of a courtroom between its working and public areas; the process of qualifying to practice law; and the legal profession.

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Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Baton Rouge (French for "Red Stick", French: Bâton-Rouge) is the capital of the U.S. state of Louisiana and its second-largest city.

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Bibb County, Georgia

Bibb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia.

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Captain (United States O-3)

In the United States Army, U.S. Air Force, and U.S. Marine Corps, captain is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.

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Charles Sumner

Charles Sumner (January 6, 1811 – March 11, 1874) was an American politician and senator from Massachusetts.

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Cherokee

The Cherokee (Cherokee Ani-Yunwiya (ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ) are a Native American tribe indigenous to the Southeastern United States (principally Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina and South Carolina). They speak Cherokee, an Iroquoian language. In the 19th century, historians and ethnographers recorded their oral tradition that told of the tribe having migrated south in ancient times from the Great Lakes region, where other Iroquoian-speaking peoples were. By the 19th century, European settlers in the United States called the Cherokee one of the "Five Civilized Tribes", because they had adopted numerous cultural and technological practices of the European American settlers. The Cherokee were one of the first, if not the first, major non-European ethnic group to become U.S. citizens. Article 8 in the 1817 treaty with the Cherokee stated Cherokees may wish to become citizens of the United States. Note: Article 8 in the 1817 treaty as quoted, is mostly about certain land use rights (East of the Mississippi), which might be retained by certain "Indians" if they met certain conditions -- namely, if they "wish to become citizens of the United States". However, in so doing, Article 8 implies that such "Indians" (living East of the Mississippi) who "wish to become citizens of the United States", could (would be allowed to) become citizens of the United States. It seems to (be worded so as to) anticipate a future (after 1817) in which lands West of the Mississippi would remain (territories of, or) outside the boundaries of, the United States. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the Cherokee Nation has more than 314,000 members, the largest of the 566 federally recognized Native American tribes in the United States. In addition, numerous groups claiming Cherokee lineage, some of which are state-recognized, have members who are among those 819,000-plus people claiming Cherokee ancestry on the US census. Of the three federally recognized Cherokee tribes, the Cherokee Nation and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians (UKB) have headquarters in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. The UKB are mostly descendants of "Old Settlers," Cherokee who migrated to Arkansas and Oklahoma about 1817. They are related to the Cherokee who were forcibly relocated there in the 1830s under the Indian Removal Act. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is on the Qualla Boundary in western North Carolina, and are descendants of those who resisted or avoided relocation. In addition, there are numerous Cherokee heritage groups throughout the United states, such as the satellite communities sponsored by the Cherokee Nation.

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Cincinnati

Cincinnati is a city in and the county seat of Hamilton County, Ohio, United States.

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Civil and political rights

Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations and private individuals, and which ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the society and state without discrimination or repression.

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David Paterson

David Alexander Paterson (born May 20, 1954) is an American politician.

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Deval Patrick

Deval Laurdine Patrick (born July 31, 1956) is an American politician and civil rights lawyer who served as the 71st Governor of Massachusetts from 2007 to 2015.

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Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era

Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era deals with the efforts made by Southern states of the former Confederacy at the turn of the 20th century in the United States to prevent their black citizens from registering to vote and voting.

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Douglas A. Blackmon

Douglas A. Blackmon (born 1964) is an American writer, journalist who won a Pulitzer Prize in 2009 for his book, Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II.

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Douglas Wilder

Lawrence Douglas Wilder (born January 17, 1931) is an American politician, who served as the first African American to be elected as governor of Virginia and first African-American governor of any state since Reconstruction.

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Eliot Spitzer

Eliot Laurence Spitzer (born June 10, 1959) is an American politician who served as the 54th Governor of New York from 2007 until his resignation on March 17, 2008.

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Ethnic groups of Africa

The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, each generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.

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Free people of color

The term free people of color (French: gens de couleur libres), in the context of the history of slavery in the Americas, at first specifically referred to persons of mixed African and European descent who were not enslaved.

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Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States.

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German American

German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who are of German descent.

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Governor (United States)

In the United States, the title governor refers to the chief executive of each state or insular territory, not directly subordinate to the federal authorities, but the political and ceremonial head of the state.

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Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was a movement that spanned the 1920s.

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Henry C. Warmoth

Henry Clay Warmoth (May 9, 1842 – September 30, 1931) was an attorney, Union Civil War officer, and Louisiana elected official, serving as Republican governor and state representative.

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Historically black colleges and universities

Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the black community.

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History of slavery in Georgia (U.S. state)

Slavery in Georgia is known to have been practiced by the original or earliest-known inhabitants of the future colony and state of Georgia, for centuries prior to European colonization.

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Homer Plessy

Homer Adolph Plessy (March 17, 1862 – March 1, 1925) was the American Louisiana Creole of Color plaintiff in the United States Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson.

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Howard University Press

Howard University Press was a publisher that was part of Howard University, founded in 1972.

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Impeachment

Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity, the outcome of which, depending on the country, may include the removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment.

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James T. Rapier

James Thomas Rapier (November 13, 1837 – May 31, 1883) was an attorney, a planter and a politician; elected as a United States Representative from Alabama, he served from 1873 until 1875.

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Jean Toomer

Jean Toomer (December 26, 1894 – March 30, 1967) was an American poet and novelist and an important figure of the Harlem Renaissance and modernism.

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Jeremiah Haralson

Jeremiah Haralson (April 1, 1846 – 1916), was among the first ten African-American Congressmen in the United States.

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John McEnery (Louisiana)

John McEnery (March 31, 1833, Petersburg, Virginia – March 28, 1891) was a Louisiana Democratic politician and lawyer who was considered by Democrats to be the winner of the highly contested 1872 election for Governor of Louisiana.

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Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana

The Office of Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana is the second highest state office in Louisiana.

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List of African-American officeholders during Reconstruction

Many scholars have identified more than 1,500 African American officeholders during the Reconstruction period (1865–1876).

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List of Governors of Louisiana

This is a list of the governors of Louisiana, from acquisition by the United States in 1803 to the present day; for earlier governors of Louisiana see List of colonial governors of Louisiana.

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Louisiana State Senate

The Louisiana State Senate (French: Sénat de Louisiane) is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana.

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Louisiana State University Press

The Louisiana State University Press (LSU Press) is a university press that was founded in 1935.

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Macon, Georgia

Macon is a city located in central Georgia, United States.

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Manumission

Manumission, from manumit, is the act of a slave owner freeing his or her slaves.

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Massachusetts

Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Metairie Cemetery

Metairie Cemetery is a cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.

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Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War

The history of African Americans in the American Civil War is marked by 186,097 (7,122 officers, 178,975 enlisted/soldiers & sailors)Herbert Aptheker, "Negro Casualties in the Civil War", "The Journal of Negro History", Vol.

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Mississippi

Mississippi is a state located in the Southern United States.

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Mulatto

Mulatto is a term originally used to refer to a person who is born from one black parent and one white parent; or to persons of two Mulatto parents.

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Multiracial

Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.

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New Orleans

New Orleans (or; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

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New York

New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.

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Nicholas Lemann

Nicholas Berthelot Lemann is the Joseph Pulitzer II and Edith Pulitzer Moore Professor of Journalism and Dean Emeritus of the Faculty of Journalism at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.

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Ohio

Ohio is a state in the Midwestern United States.

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Oscar Dunn

Oscar James Dunn (1826 – November 22, 1871) was one of three African Americans who served as a Republican Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana during the era of Reconstruction.

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Otto von Bismarck

Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890.

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Paramilitary

A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, and which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.

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Plantations in the American South

Plantations were an important aspect of the history of the American South, particularly the antebellum (pre-American Civil War) South.

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Plessy v. Ferguson

Plessy v. Ferguson,, was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".

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Pro tempore

Pro tempore, abbreviated pro tem or p.t., is a Latin phrase which best translates to "for the time being" in English.

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Reconstruction Acts

After the end of the American Civil War, as part of the on-going process of Reconstruction, the United States Congress passed four statutes known as Reconstruction Acts.

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Reconstruction Era

The term Reconstruction Era, in the context of the history of the United States, has two senses: the first covers the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress, with the reconstruction of state and society.

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Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, commonly referred to as GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

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Saratoga Springs, New York

Saratoga Springs is an affluent city in Saratoga County, New York, United States, that is also widely known as simply Saratoga (though not to be confused with the nearby town of that name).

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Scotch-Irish American

Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from the Irish province of Ulster who migrated to North America during the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Sidney, Ohio

Sidney is a city in Shelby County, Ohio, United States.

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Slave and free states

In the history of the United States of America, a slave state was a U.S. state in which the practice of slavery was legal at a particular point of time, and a free state was one in which slavery was prohibited or being legally phased out at that point of time.

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Slavery by Another Name

Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II is a book by American writer Douglas A. Blackmon, published by Anchor Books in 2008.

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Southern University

Southern University and A&M College is a historically black college in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

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Southern University at New Orleans

Southern University at New Orleans (often referred to by its initials SUNO) is a historically African American university located in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.

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Straight University

Straight University, after 1915 Straight College, was a historically black college that operated between 1868 and 1934 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Terre Haute, Indiana

Terre Haute is a city in and the county seat of Vigo County, Indiana, United States, near the state's western border with Illinois.

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The Washington Post

The Washington Post is an American daily newspaper.

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U.S. state

A state of the United States of America is one of the 50 constituent political entities that shares its sovereignty with the United States federal government.

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Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–77).

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United States Colored Troops

The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments in the United States Army composed of mainly African-American (colored) soldiers, although non-African Americans people of color such as Pacific Islanders, Asian Americans and Native Americans also fought under USCT regiments.

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United States Customs Service

The United States Customs Service was an agency of the U.S. federal government that collected import tariffs and performed other selected border security duties.

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United States Marshals Service

The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a U.S. federal law enforcement agency within the U.S. Department of Justice (see). The office of U.S. Marshals is the oldest American federal law enforcement agency.

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United States presidential election, 1872

The United States presidential election of 1872 was the 22nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1872.

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Virginia

Virginia (U.S.:, U.K.), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state located in the South Atlantic region of the United States.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.

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Welsh American

Welsh Americans are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Wales.

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White League

The White League, also known as the White Man's League, was an American white supremacist paramilitary terrorist organization started in 1874 to turn Republicans out of office and intimidate freedmen from voting and political organizing.

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White people

White people is a racial classification specifier, depending on context used for people of Caucasian ancestry.

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William Pitt Kellogg

William Pitt Kellogg (December 8, 1830 – August 10, 1918) was an American lawyer and Republican Party politician who served as a United States Senator from 1868 to 1872 and from 1877 to 1883 and as the Governor of Louisiana from 1873 to 1877 during the Reconstruction Era.

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1st Louisiana Native Guard (United States)

The 1st Louisiana Native Guard (later became the 73rd Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops) was one of the first all-black regiments to fight in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry

The 2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry was a regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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P B S Pinchback, P. B.S. Pinchback, P. Pinchback, P.B.S. Pinchback, PBS Pinchback, Pickney Benton Stewart Pinchback, Pinchback, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, Pinckney Pinchback.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._B._S._Pinchback

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