263 relations: "Hello, World!" program, Abstract syntax tree, Abstract type, Adobe Flash, Amazon Web Services, Andi Gutmans, Anonymous function, Apache HTTP Server, Archive file, Array data type, ASP.NET, Backronym, Binary code, Binary data, Bitwise operation, Bloomberg Businessweek, Boolean data type, Branching (version control), BSD licenses, Bytecode, C (programming language), C data types, C file input/output, C string handling, C++, Cache (computing), CakePHP, Callback (computer programming), Class (computer programming), Client (computing), Client-side, Closure (computer programming), Cloud computing, CodeIgniter, Command-line interface, Common Gateway Interface, Common Intermediate Language, Comparison of programming languages, Comparison of web application frameworks, Compiled language, Compiler, Composer (software), Computing platform, Constructor (object-oriented programming), Control flow, Cross-platform, Cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator, CURL, Data structure, Data type, ..., Data validation, Database, De facto, Delimiter, Destructor (computer programming), Digg, Dispatch table, Dollar sign, Drupal, Dynamic dispatch, Dynamic web page, Elephant, Exception handling, Execution (computing), EZ Publish, Facebook, FastCGI, File inclusion vulnerability, File Transfer Protocol, Filter (software), First-class function, Floating point, Foobar, Foreach loop, Form (HTML), Formal specification, Free software, Free-form language, Function prototype, Functional programming, Garbage collection (computer science), General-purpose programming language, Generator (computer programming), Global variable, GNU General Public License, Goto, Graphical user interface, Hack (programming language), Handle (computing), Hardening (computing), Hash function, Hash table, Here document, Hexadecimal, HipHop for PHP, HipHop Virtual Machine, HTML, Imperative programming, Indiana University, Information hiding, Inheritance (object-oriented programming), Integer (computer science), Interface (computing), Intermediate language, International Components for Unicode, International Data Group, Internet, Internet Information Services, Internet Relay Chat, Internet Server Application Programming Interface, Interpreter (computing), IPlanet, Iterator, Java (programming language), JavaServer Pages, Joomla, JSON, Just-in-time compilation, Key derivation function, Known (software), LAMP (software bundle), Language construct, Laravel, Library (computing), Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, Linux, List of Apache–MySQL–PHP packages, List of PHP accelerators, List of PHP editors, List of PHP extensions, Magic quotes, MAMP, MD5, MediaWiki, Member variable, Method (computer programming), Microsoft, Microsoft Azure, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Windows, MIME, Mod perl, Moodle, MySQL, Name binding, Namespace, National Vulnerability Database, Netscape, Newline, Npm (software), Null coalescing operator, Object (computer science), Object-oriented programming, Octal, Opcode, Operating system, OS X, Parrot intermediate representation, Parrot virtual machine, Parsing, PEAR, Perl, Personal web page, Phalanger (compiler), Phalcon (framework), Phoronix, PHP accelerator, PHP License, PHP-GTK, PhpBB, Plug-in (computing), PostgreSQL, PRADO (framework), Primitive data type, Procedural programming, Project Zero, Python (programming language), Ramat Gan, Rapid application development, Rasmus Lerdorf, Recursive acronym, Reference implementation, Reflection (computer programming), Relational database management system, Reserved word, Resin (software), Rewrite (programming), Sam Ruby, Scientific notation, Scripting language, Server Application Programming Interface, Server-side scripting, Shared memory (interprocess communication), Shared web hosting service, Signed number representations, SilverStripe, Simple Machines Forum, Software, Software bug, Software development kit, Software extension, Software framework, Software release life cycle, Software versioning, Source code, Speech synthesis, SQLite, Stack Overflow, Static variable, String (computer science), Strong and weak typing, Stuffed toy, Suhosin, Sun Microsystems, Switch statement, Symfony, Syntax, Taint checking, Tcl, Template processor, Thread (computing), Three-way comparison, Trait (computer programming), Type conversion, Type system, TYPO3, Unicode, University of Alabama, Unix-like, Usenet, UTF-16, Value type, Variable (computer science), Variadic function, Virtual method table, Web application, Web application framework, Web content management system, Web development, Web hosting service, Web page, Web server, Web template system, Website, Website defacement, Whitespace character, Windows API, WordPress, X86, X86-64, XAMPP, XHTML, XML, Yii, Zeev Suraski, Zend, Zend Engine, Zend Framework, Zend Server, Zend Technologies, Zone-H, 32-bit, 64-bit computing. Expand index (213 more) » « Shrink index
A "Hello, World!" program is a computer program that outputs "Hello, World!" (or some variant thereof) on a display device.
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In computer science, an abstract syntax tree (AST), or just syntax tree, is a tree representation of the abstract syntactic structure of source code written in a programming language.
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In programming languages, an abstract type is a type in a nominative type system which cannot be instantiated directly.
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Adobe Flash (formerly called Macromedia Flash and Shockwave Flash) is a multimedia and software platform used for creating vector graphics, animation, browser games, rich Internet applications, desktop applications, mobile applications and mobile games.
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Amazon Web Services (AWS), a collection of remote computing services, also called web services, make up a cloud-computing platform offered by Amazon.com.
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Andi Gutmans (אנדי גוטמנס) is an Israeli programmer and entrepreneur.
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In computer programming, an anonymous function (also function literal or lambda abstraction) is a function definition that is not bound to an identifier.
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The Apache HTTP Server, colloquially called Apache, is the world's most used web server software.
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An archive file is a file that is composed of one or more computer files along with metadata.
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In computer science, an array type is a data type that is meant to describe a collection of elements (values or variables), each selected by one or more indices (identifying keys) that can be computed at run time by the program.
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ASP.NET is an open-source server-side Web application framework designed for Web development to produce dynamic Web pages.
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A backronym or bacronym is a specially constructed phrase that is supposed to be the source of a word that is, or is claimed to be, an acronym.
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A binary code represents text or computer processor instructions using the binary number system's two binary digits, 0 and 1.
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Binary data is data whose unit can take on only two possible states, traditionally termed 0 and +1 in accordance with the binary numeral system and Boolean algebra.
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In digital computer programming, a bitwise operation operates on one or more bit patterns or binary numerals at the level of their individual bits.
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Bloomberg Businessweek, known until 2010 as BusinessWeek, is a weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929, the magazine was created to provide information and interpretation about what was happening in the business world.
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In computer science, the Boolean data type is a data type, having two values (usually denoted true and false), intended to represent the truth values of logic and Boolean algebra.
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Branching, in revision control and software configuration management, is the duplication of an object under revision control (such as a source code file or a directory tree) so that modifications can happen in parallel along both branches.
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BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the redistribution of covered software.
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Bytecode, also known as p-code (portable code), is a form of instruction set designed for efficient execution by a software interpreter.
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C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
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In the C programming language, data types refers to an extensive system for declaring variables of different types.
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The C programming language provides many standard library functions for file input and output.
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C string handling refers to a group of functions implementing operations on strings in the C standard library.
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C++ (pronounced as cee plus plus) is a general-purpose programming language.
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In computing, a cache (or in AuE) is a component that stores data so future requests for that data can be served faster; the data stored in a cache might be the results of an earlier computation, or a duplicate of data stored elsewhere.
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CakePHP is an open source web application framework.
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In computer programming, a callback is a piece of executable code that is passed as an argument to other code, which is expected to call back (execute) the argument at some convenient time.
In object-oriented programming, a class is an extensible program-code-template for creating objects, providing initial values for state (member variables) and implementations of behavior (member functions or methods).
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A client is a piece of computer hardware or software that accesses a service made available by a server.
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Client-side refers to operations that are performed by the client in a client–server relationship in a computer network.
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In programming languages, closures (also lexical closures or function closures) are a technique for implementing lexically scoped name binding in languages with first-class functions.
Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources.
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CodeIgniter is an open source rapid development web application framework, for use in building dynamic web sites with PHP.
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A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface, and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
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Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard environment for web servers to interface with executable programs installed on a server that generate web pages dynamically.
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Common Intermediate Language (CIL, pronounced either "sil" or "kil") (formerly called Microsoft Intermediate Language or MSIL) is the lowest-level human-readable programming language defined by the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) specification and is used by the.NET Framework and Mono.
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Programming languages are used for controlling the behavior of a machine (often a computer).
This is a comparison of notable web application frameworks.
A compiled language is a programming language whose implementations are typically compilers (translators that generate machine code from source code), and not interpreters (step-by-step executors of source code, where no pre-runtime translation takes place).
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A compiler is a computer program (or a set of programs) that transforms source code written in a programming language (the source language) into another computer language (the target language), with the latter often having a binary form known as object code.
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Composer is an application-level package manager for the PHP programming language that provides a standard format for managing dependencies of PHP software and required libraries.
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A computing platform is, in the most general sense, whatever pre-existing environment a piece of computer software or code object is designed to run within, obeying its constraints, and making use of its facilities.
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In class-based object-oriented programming, a constructor (abbreviation: ctor) in a class is a special type of subroutine called to create an object.
In computer science, control flow (or alternatively, flow of control) refers to the specification of the order in which the individual statements, instructions or function calls of an imperative program are executed or evaluated.
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In computing, cross-platform, multi-platform, or platform independent, is an attribute conferred to computer software or computing methods and concepts that are implemented and inter-operate on multiple computer platforms.
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A cryptographically secure pseudo-random number generator (CSPRNG) or cryptographic pseudo-random number generator (CPRNG) is a pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) with properties that make it suitable for use in cryptography.
cURL (/kə:(r)l/.) is a computer software project providing a library and command-line tool for transferring data using various protocols.
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In computer science, a data structure is a particular way of organizing data in a computer so that it can be used efficiently.
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In computer science and computer programming, a data type or simply type is a classification identifying one of various types of data, such as real, integer or Boolean, that determines the possible values for that type; the operations that can be done on values of that type; the meaning of the data; and the way values of that type can be stored.
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In computer science, data validation is the process of ensuring that a program operates on clean, correct and useful data.
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A database is an organized collection of data.
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De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact, in reality, in actual existence, force, or possession, as a matter of fact" (literally "from fact").
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A delimiter is a sequence of one or more characters used to specify the boundary between separate, independent regions in plain text or other data streams.
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In object-oriented programming, a destructor (sometimes shortened to dtor) is a method which is automatically invoked when the object is destroyed.
Digg is a news aggregator with a curated front page, aiming to select stories specifically for the Internet audience such as science, trending political issues, and viral Internet issues.
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In computer science, a dispatch table is a table of pointers to functions or methods.
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The dollar sign or peso sign ($ or) is a symbol primarily used to indicate the various peso and dollar units of currency around the world.
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Drupal is a free and open-source content-management framework written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License.
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In computer science, dynamic dispatch is the process of selecting which implementation of a polymorphic operation (method or function) to call at run time.
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A server-side dynamic web page is a web page whose construction is controlled by an application server processing server-side scripts.
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Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
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Exception handling is the process of responding to the occurrence, during computation, of exceptions – anomalous or exceptional conditions requiring special processing – often changing the normal flow of program execution.
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Execution in computer and software engineering is the process by which a computer or a virtual machine performs the instructions of a computer program.
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eZ Publish (pronounced "easy publish") is an open source enterprise PHP content management system developed by the Norwegian company eZ Systems.
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Facebook is an online social networking service headquartered in Menlo Park, California.
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FastCGI is a binary protocol for interfacing interactive programs with a web server.
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File inclusion vulnerability is a type of vulnerability most often found on websites.
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The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer computer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.
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A filter is a computer program or subroutine to process a stream, producing another stream.
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In computer science, a programming language is said to have first-class functions if it treats functions as first-class citizens.
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In computing, floating point is the formulaic representation which approximates a real number so as to support a trade-off between range and precision.
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The terms foobar, fubar, or foo, bar, baz and qux (alternatively, quux) and sometimes norf and many othershttp://www.dourish.com/goodies/jargon.html are sometimes used as placeholder names (also referred to as metasyntactic variables) in computer programming or computer-related documentation.
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For each (or foreach) is a computer language idiom for traversing items in a collection.
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A webform, web form or HTML form on a web page allows a user to enter data that is sent to a server for processing.
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In computer science, formal specifications are mathematically based techniques whose purpose are to help with the implementation of systems and software.
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Free software, software libre, or libre software is computer software that gives users the freedom to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute the software and the adapted versions.
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In computer programming, a free-form language is a programming language in which the positioning of characters on the page in program text is insignificant.
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In computer programming, a function prototype or function interface is a declaration of a function that specifies the function's name and type signature (arity, parameter types, and return type), but omits the function body.
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In computer science, functional programming is a programming paradigm—a style of building the structure and elements of computer programs—that treats computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions and avoids changing-state and mutable data.
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In computer science, garbage collection (GC) is a form of automatic memory management.
In computer software a general-purpose programming language is a programming language designed to be used for writing software in a wide variety of application domains.
In computer science, a generator is a special routine that can be used to control the iteration behaviour of a loop.
In computer programming, a global variable is a variable with global scope, meaning that it is visible (hence accessible) throughout the program, unless shadowed.
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The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is the most widely used free software license, which guarantees end users (individuals, organizations, companies) the freedoms to run, study, share (copy), and modify the software.
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Goto (goto, GOTO, GO TO or other case combinations, depending on the programming language) is a statement found in many computer programming languages.
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In computer science, a graphical user interface or GUI, pronounced ("gooey") is a type of interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, as opposed to text-based interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
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Hack is a programming language for the HipHop Virtual Machine (HHVM), created by Facebook as a dialect of PHP.
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In computer programming, a handle is an abstract reference to a resource.
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In computing, hardening is usually the process of securing a system by reducing its surface of vulnerability.
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A hash function is any function that can be used to map data of arbitrary size to data of fixed size.
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In computing, a hash table (hash map) is a data structure used to implement an associative array, a structure that can map keys to values.
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In computing, a here document (here-document, heredoc, hereis, here-string or here-script) is a file literal or input stream literal: it is a section of a source code file that is treated as if it were a separate file.
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In mathematics and computing, hexadecimal (also base, or hex) is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16.
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HipHop for PHP (HPHPc) is a PHP transpiler created by Facebook.
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HipHop Virtual Machine (HHVM) is a process virtual machine based on just-in-time (JIT) compilation that serves as an execution engine for the PHP and Hack programming languages.
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HyperText Markup Language, commonly referred to as HTML, is the standard markup language used to create web pages.
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In computer science, imperative programming is a programming paradigm that uses statements that change a program's state.
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Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.
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In computer science, information hiding is the principle of segregation of the design decisions in a computer program that are most likely to change, thus protecting other parts of the program from extensive modification if the design decision is changed.
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Inheritance (OOP) is when an object or class is based on another object (prototypal inheritance) or class (class-based inheritance), using the same implementation (inheriting from an object or class) specifying implementation to maintain the same behavior (realizing an interface; inheriting behavior).
In computer science, an integer is a datum of integral data type, a data type which represents some finite subset of the mathematical integers.
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In computing, an interface is a shared boundary across which two separate components of a computer system exchange information.
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In computer science, an intermediate language is the language of an abstract machine designed to aid in the analysis of computer programs.
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International Components for Unicode (ICU) is an open source project of mature C/C++ and Java libraries for Unicode support, software internationalization, and software globalization.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is an American technology, media, research, event management, and venture capital organization.
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The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide.
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Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly Internet Information Server) is an extensible web server created by Microsoft for use with Windows NT family.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is an application layer protocol that facilitates communication in the form of text.
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The Internet Server Application Programming Interface (ISAPI) is an N-tier API of Internet Information Services (IIS), Microsoft's collection of Windows-based web server services.
In computer science, an interpreter is a computer program that directly executes, i.e. performs, instructions written in a programming or scripting language, without previously compiling them into a machine language program.
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iPlanet was a product brand that was used jointly by Sun Microsystems and Netscape Communications Corporation when delivering software and services as part of a non-exclusive cross marketing deal that was also known as "A Sun|Netscape Alliance".
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In computer programming, an iterator is an object that enables a programmer to traverse a container, particularly lists.
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Java is a general-purpose computer programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
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JavaServer Pages (JSP) is a technology that helps software developers create dynamically generated web pages based on HTML, XML, or other document types.
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Joomla is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) for publishing web content.
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In computing, just-in-time (JIT) compilation, also known as dynamic translation, is compilation done during execution of a program – at run time – rather than prior to execution.
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In cryptography, a key derivation function (or KDF) derives one or more secret keys from a secret value such as a master key, a password, or a passphrase using a pseudo-random function.
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Known is an open source publishing tool designed to provide a way of more easily publishing status updates, blog posts, and photos to a wide range of social media services.
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LAMP is an archetypal model of web service solution stacks, named as an acronym of the names of its original four open-source components: the Linux operating system, the Apache HTTP Server, the MySQL relational database management system (RDBMS), and the PHP programming language.
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A language construct is a syntactically allowable part of a program that may be formed from one or more lexical tokens in accordance with the rules of a programming language.
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Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web application framework, created by Taylor Otwell and intended for the development of web applications following the model–view–controller (MVC) architectural pattern.
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In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often to develop software.
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The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is an open, vendor-neutral, industry standard application protocol for accessing and maintaining distributed directory information services over an Internet Protocol (IP) network.
Linux (pronounced or, less frequently) is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system (OS) assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.
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This is a list of AMP (Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python) solution stacks for all computer platforms; these software bundles are used to run dynamic Web sites or servers.
This is a list of PHP accelerators.
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This article contains a list of text editors with features specific to the PHP scripting language.
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This is the present list of all officially documented extensions for the PHP programming language.
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Magic quotes is a controversial feature of the PHP scripting language, wherein strings are automatically escaped—special characters are prefixed with a backslash—before being passed on.
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MAMP is a solution stack composed of free and open-source and proprietary commercial software used together to run dynamic web sites on Apple Macintosh computers.
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The MD5 message-digest algorithm is a widely used cryptographic hash function producing a 128-bit (16-byte) hash value, typically expressed in text format as a 32 digit hexadecimal number.
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MediaWiki is a free and open-source wiki application.
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In object-oriented programming, a member variable (sometimes called a member field) is a variable that is associated with a specific object, and accessible for all its methods (member functions).
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A method (or message) in object-oriented programming (OOP) is a procedure associated with an object class.
Microsoft Corporation (commonly referred to as Microsoft) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Redmond, Washington, that develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers and services.
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Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing platform and infrastructure, created by Microsoft, for building, deploying and managing applications and services through a global network of Microsoft-managed and Microsoft partner hosted datacenters.
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Microsoft SQL Server is a relational database management system developed by Microsoft.
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Microsoft Windows (or simply Windows) is a metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
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Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support.
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mod_perl is an optional module for the Apache HTTP server.
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Moodle is a free and open-source software learning management system written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License.
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MySQL (officially pronounced as "My S-Q-L", and unofficially as "My Sequel") is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS); in July 2013, it was the world's second most widely used RDBMS, and the most widely used open-source client–server RDBMS.
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In programming languages, name binding is the association of entities (data and/or code) with identifiers.
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In computing, a namespace is a set of symbols that are used to organize objects of various kinds, so that these objects may be referred to by name.
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The National Vulnerability Database is the U.S. government repository of standards-based vulnerability management data represented using the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP).
Netscape Communications (formerly known as Netscape Communications Corporation and commonly known as Netscape) is an American computer services company, best known for Netscape Navigator, its web browser.
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In computing, a newline, also known as a line ending, end of line (EOL), or line break, is a special character or sequence of characters signifying the end of a line of text and the start of a new line.
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The null coalescing operator (called the Logical Defined-Or operator in Perl) is a binary operator that is part of the syntax for a basic conditional expression in several programming languages, including C#, Perl as of version 5.10, and Swift.
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In computer science, an object is a location in memory having a value and possibly referenced by an identifier.
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Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which are data structures that contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A distinguishing feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").
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The octal numeral system, or oct for short, is the base-8 number system, and uses the digits 0 to 7.
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In computing, an opcode (abbreviated from operation code) is the portion of a machine language instruction that specifies the operation to be performed.
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An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
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OS X (pronounced; originally Mac OS X) is a series of Unix-based graphical interface operating systems (OS) developed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is designed to run on Macintosh computers, having been pre-installed on all Macs since 2002.
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The Parrot intermediate representation (PIR), previously called Intermediate code (IMC), is one of the two assembly languages for the Parrot virtual machine.
Parrot is a register-based process virtual machine designed to run dynamic languages efficiently.
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Parsing or syntactic analysis is the process of analysing a string of symbols, either in natural language or in computer languages, conforming to the rules of a formal grammar.
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The PHP Extension and Application Repository, or PEAR, is a repository of PHP software code.
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Perl is a family of high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages.
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Personal web pages are World Wide Web pages created by an individual to contain content of a personal nature rather than on behalf of a company, organization or institution.
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Phalanger is a project which was started at Charles University in Prague and was supported by Microsoft.
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Phalcon is a high-performance web application framework for PHP based on the model–view–controller (MVC) pattern.
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Phoronix is a technology website that offers insights regarding the development of the Linux kernel, product reviews, interviews, and news regarding free and open-source software by monitoring the Linux kernel mailing list or interviews.
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A PHP accelerator is a PHP extension designed to improve the performance of software applications written in the PHP programming language.
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The PHP License is the software license under which the PHP scripting language is released.
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PHP-GTK is a set of language bindings for PHP which allow GTK+ GUI applications to be written in PHP.
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phpBB is an Internet forum package written in the PHP scripting language.
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In computing, a plug-in (or add-in / addin, plugin, extension or add-on / addon) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing software application.
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PostgreSQL, often simply Postgres, is an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) with an emphasis on extensibility and on standards-compliance.
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PRADO is an open source, object-oriented, event-driven, component-based PHP web application framework.
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In computer science, primitive data type is either of the following.
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Procedural programming is a programming paradigm, derived from structured programming, based upon the concept of the procedure call.
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WebSphere sMash is a development and runtime environment from IBM for the creation of dynamic web applications using the scripting languages Groovy and PHP.
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Python is a widely used general-purpose, high-level programming language.
Ramat Gan (רָמַת גַּן) is a city in the Tel Aviv District of Israel, located east of Tel Aviv.
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Rapid application development (RAD) is both a general term used to refer to alternatives to the conventional waterfall model of software development as well as the name for James Martin's approach to rapid development.
Rasmus Lerdorf (born 22 November 1968) is a Greenlandic programmer with Canadian citizenship.
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A recursive acronym is an acronym that refers to itself in the expression for which it stands.
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In the software development process, a reference implementation (or, less frequently, sample implementation or model implementation) is the standard from which all other implementations and corresponding customizations are derived.
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In computer science, reflection is the ability of a computer program to examine (see type introspection) and modify its own structure and behavior (specifically the values, meta-data, properties and functions) at runtime.
A relational database management system (RDBMS) is a database management system (DBMS) that is based on the relational model as invented by E. F. Codd, of IBM's San Jose Research Laboratory.
In a computer language, a reserved word (also known as a reserved identifier) is a word that cannot be used as an identifier, such as the name of a variable, function, or label – it is "reserved from use".
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Resin is a web server and Java application server from Caucho Technology.
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A rewrite in computer programming is the act or result of re-implementing a large portion of existing functionality without re-use of its source code or writing inscription.
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Sam Ruby is a prominent software developer, W3C working group co-chair and Apache Software Foundation director who has made significant contributions to web standards and open source software projects.
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Scientific notation (also referred to as "standard form" or "standard index form") is a way of expressing numbers that are too big or too small to be conveniently written in decimal form and is commonly used by scientists, mathematicians and engineers.
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A scripting language or script language is a programming language that supports scripts, programs written for a special run-time environment that can interpret (rather than compile) and automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.
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In computing, Server Application Programming Interface (SAPI) is the direct module interface to web servers such as the Apache HTTP Server, Microsoft IIS, and Oracle iPlanet Web Server.
Server-side scripting is a technique used in web development which involves employing scripts on a web server which produce a response customized for each user's (client's) request to the website.
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In computing, shared memory is memory that may be simultaneously accessed by multiple programs with an intent to provide communication among them or avoid redundant copies.
Shared web hosting service refers to a web hosting service where many websites reside on one web server connected to the Internet.
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In computing, signed number representations are required to encode negative numbers in binary number systems.
SilverStripe is a free and open source Content Management System (CMS) and Framework for creating and maintaining websites and web applications.
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Simple Machines Forum software, or SMF software, is a open source, Internet forum, message-board program developed by Simple Machines.
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Computer software or simply software is any set of machine-readable instructions that directs a computer's processor to perform specific operations.
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A software bug is an error, flaw, failure, or fault in a computer program or system that causes it to produce an incorrect or unexpected result, or to behave in unintended ways.
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A software development kit (SDK or "devkit") is typically a set of software development tools that allows the creation of applications for a certain software package, software framework, hardware platform, computer system, video game console, operating system, or similar development platform.
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A software extension is software that serves to extend the capabilities of or data available to an existing software application; it becomes included in the program.
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In computer programming, a software framework is an abstraction in which software providing generic functionality can be selectively changed by additional user-written code, thus providing application-specific software.
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A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix bugs still present in the software.
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Software versioning is the process of assigning either unique version names or unique version numbers to unique states of computer software.
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In computing, source code is any collection of computer instructions (possibly with comments) written using some human-readable computer language, usually as text.
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Speech Synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.
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SQLite is a relational database management system contained in a C programming library.
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Stack Overflow is a privately held website, the flagship site of the Stack Exchange Network, created in 2008 by Jeff Atwood and Joel Spolsky, as a more open alternative to earlier Q&A sites such as Experts-Exchange.
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In computer programming, a static variable is a variable that has been allocated statically—whose lifetime or "extent" extends across the entire run of the program.
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In computer programming, a string is traditionally a sequence of characters, either as a literal constant or as some kind of variable.
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In computer programming, programming languages are often colloquially classified as strongly typed or weakly typed.
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A stuffed toy is a toy sewn from a textile, and stuffed with a soft material.
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Suhosin (Korean 수호신, meaning guardian-angel, pronounced 'su-ho-shin') is an open source patch for PHP and also a PHP extension.
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Sun Microsystems, Inc. was a company that sold:computers, computer components,:computer software, and:information technology services and that created the Java programming language, Solaris Unix and the Network File System (NFS).
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In computer programming languages, a switch statement is a type of selection control mechanism used to allow the value of a variable or expression to change the control flow of program execution via a multiway branch.
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Symfony is a PHP web application framework for MVC applications.
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In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language.
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Taint checking is a feature in some computer programming languages, such as Perl and Ruby, designed to increase security by preventing malicious users from executing commands on a host computer.
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Tcl (originally from Tool Command Language, but conventionally spelled "Tcl" rather than "TCL"; pronounced as "tickle" or "tee-see-ell") is a scripting language created by John Ousterhout.
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A template processor (also known as a template engine or template parser) is software designed to combine one or more templates with a data model to produce one or more result documents.
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In computer science, a thread of execution is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler, which is typically a part of the operating system.
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In computer science, a three-way comparison takes two values A and B belonging to a type with a total order and determines whether A B in a single operation, in accordance with the mathematical law of trichotomy.
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In computer programming, a trait is a concept used in object-oriented programming: a trait represents a collection of methods that can be used to extend the functionality of a class.
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In computer science, type conversion, typecasting, and coercion are different ways of, implicitly or explicitly, changing an entity of one data type into another.
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In programming languages, a type system is a collection of rules that assign a property called type to various constructs a computer program consists of, such as variables, expressions, functions or modules.
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TYPO3 is a free and open source web content management system written in PHP.
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Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
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The University of Alabama (Alabama or UA) is a public research university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States, and the flagship of the University of Alabama System.
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A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
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Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system.
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UTF-16 (16-bit Unicode Transformation Format) is a character encoding capable of encoding all 1,112,064 possible characters in Unicode.
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In computer science, the term value type is commonly used to refer to one of two kinds of data types: Types of values or Types of objects with deep copy semantics.
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In computer programming, a variable or scalar is a storage location paired with an associated symbolic name (an identifier), which contains some known or unknown quantity of information referred to as a value.
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In computer programming, a variadic function is a function of indefinite arity, i.e., one which accepts a variable number of arguments.
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A virtual method table, virtual function table, virtual call table, dispatch table, vtable, or vftable is a mechanism used in a programming language to support dynamic dispatch (or run-time method binding).
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In computing, a web application or web app is a client-server software application in which the client (or user interface) runs in a web browser.
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A web application framework (WAF) is a software framework that is designed to support the development of dynamic websites, web applications, web services and web resources.
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A web content management system (WCMS) is a software system that provides website authoring, collaboration, and administration tools designed to allow users with little knowledge of web programming languages or markup languages to create and manage website content with relative ease.
Web development is a broad term for the work involved in developing a web site for the Internet (World Wide Web) or an intranet (a private network).
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A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web.
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A web page (or webpage) is a web document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and the web browser.
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A web server is an information technology that processes requests via HTTP, the basic network protocol used to distribute information on the World Wide Web.
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A web template system uses a template processor to combine web templates to form finished web pages, possibly using some data source to customize the pages or present a large amount of content on similar-looking pages.
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A website, also written as web site, or simply site, is a set of related web pages typically served from a single web domain.
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Website defacement is an attack on a website that changes the visual appearance of the site or a webpage.
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In computer science, whitespace is any character or series of whitespace characters that represent horizontal or vertical space in typography.
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The Windows API, informally WinAPI, is Microsoft's core set of application programming interfaces (APIs) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems.
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WordPress is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL.
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x86 is a family of backward compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
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x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64 and AMD64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
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XAMPP is a free and open source cross-platform web server solution stack package developed by Apache Friends, consisting mainly of the Apache HTTP Server, MySQL database, and interpreters for scripts written in the PHP and Perl programming languages.
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Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) is part of the family of XML markup languages.
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vs.) Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format which is both human-readable and machine-readable. It is defined by the W3C's XML 1.0 Specification and by several other related specifications, all of which are free open standards. The design goals of XML emphasize simplicity, generality and usability across the Internet. It is a textual data format with strong support via Unicode for different human languages. Although the design of XML focuses on documents, it is widely used for the representation of arbitrary data structures such as those used in web services. Several schema systems exist to aid in the definition of XML-based languages, while many application programming interfaces (APIs) have been developed to aid the processing of XML data.
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Yii is an open source, object-oriented, component-based MVC PHP web application framework.
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Zeev Suraski (זאב סורסקי) is an Israeli programmer, PHP developer and co-founder of Zend Technologies.
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Zend or Zand is a Zoroastrian technical term for exegetical glosses, paraphrases, commentaries and translations of the Avesta's texts.
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The Zend Engine is the open source scripting engine that interprets the PHP programming language.
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Zend Framework (ZF) is an open source, object-oriented web application framework implemented in PHP 5 and licensed under the New BSD License.
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Zend Server is a complete and certified PHP distribution stack fully maintained and supported by Zend Technologies.
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Zend Technologies Ltd.
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Zone-H is an archive of defaced websites.
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32-bit is also a term given to a generation of microcomputers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
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In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
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