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Piltdown Man

The Piltdown Man was a paleoanthropological hoax in which bone fragments were presented as the fossilised remains of a previously unknown early human. [1]

88 relations: American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Museum of Natural History, Anatomically modern human, Archaeoraptor, Arthur Conan Doyle, Arthur Keith, Arthur Smith Woodward, Australopithecine, Batavus genuinus, BBC, Beauport Park, Bexhill-on-Sea, Binomial nomenclature, Bone Wars, Bournemouth University, Brain size, British Museum, Bulverhythe, Calaveras Skull, Canine tooth, Cardiff Giant, Charles Dawson, Chimpanzee, Chromic acid, Clarence Darrow, Clark University, Coconut, Creationism, Entombed animal, Eolith, Eurasia, Evolution, Fluorine absorption dating, Fossil, Franz Weidenreich, Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries, Geological Society of London, Gerrit Smith Miller, Grafton Elliot Smith, Hastings Castle, Henry Fairfield Osborn, Homo heidelbergensis, Horace de Vere Cole, Human evolution, Human mandible, Human skull, Joseph Weiner, Kenneth Oakley, King's College London, Lavant, West Sussex, ..., Lewes, Marcellin Boule, Martin Hinton, Miles Russell, Molar (tooth), Natural History Museum, London, Nature (journal), Nebraska Man, Occiput, Orangutan, Otto Schoetensack, Paleontology, Peking Man, Pevensey, Phillip V. Tobias, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, Piltdown, East Sussex, Quirk Books, Ray Lankester, Raymond Dart, Royal College of Surgeons of England, Science (journal), Scopes Trial, Skull, Suffragette, Talgai Skull, Taung Child, The Evil Empire: 101 Ways That England Ruined the World, The Piltdown Men, Thinker's Library, Time (magazine), Type (biology), Uckfield, Vertebral column, Wealden, Wilfrid Le Gros Clark, William Plane Pycraft, Zoology. Expand index (38 more) »

American Association for the Advancement of Science

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.

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American Museum of Natural History

The American Museum of Natural History (abbreviated as AMNH), located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.

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Anatomically modern human

The term anatomically modern humans (AMH) or anatomically modern Homo sapiens (AMHS) refers in paleoanthropology to individual members of the species Homo sapiens with an appearance consistent with the range of phenotypes in modern humans.

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Archaeoraptor

"Archaeoraptor" is the informal generic name for a fossil from China in an article published in ''National Geographic'' magazine in 1999.

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Arthur Conan Doyle

Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KStJ, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer and physician, most noted for his fictional stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction.

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Arthur Keith

Sir Arthur Keith FRS (5 February 1866 – 7 January 1955) was a Scottish anatomist and anthropologist, who became a fellow and later Hunterian Professor and conservator of the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

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Arthur Smith Woodward

Sir Arthur Smith Woodward, FRS (23 May 1864 – 2 September 1944) was an English palaeontologist, known as a world expert in fossil fish.

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Australopithecine

The term australopithecines refers generally to all species in the related genera of Australopithecus and Paranthropus, and it is typically intended to include members of Kenyanthropus, Ardipithecus, and Praeanthropus.

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Batavus genuinus

Batavus genuinus (Latin for "native" or "authentic Batavian") was the name given in 1828 by the Göttinger professor J.F. Blumenbach to a human skull from the island of Marken in the Netherlands.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

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Beauport Park

Beauport Park is a house near Hastings, East Sussex, England.

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Bexhill-on-Sea

Bexhill-on-Sea (often simply Bexhill) is a seaside town situated in the historical county of East Sussex in South East England.

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Binomial nomenclature

Binomial nomenclature (also called binominal nomenclature or binary nomenclature) is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.

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Bone Wars

The Bone Wars, also known as the "Great Dinosaur Rush", refers to a period of intense fossil speculation and discovery during the Gilded Age of American history, marked by a heated rivalry between Edward Drinker Cope (of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia) and Othniel Charles Marsh (of the Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale).

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Bournemouth University

Bournemouth University (abbreviated BU) is a public university in Bournemouth, Dorset, England, with its main campus situated in neighbouring Poole.

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Brain size

The size of the brain is a frequent topic of study within the fields of anatomy and evolution.

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British Museum

The British Museum is a museum dedicated to human history, art, and culture, located in the Bloomsbury area of London.

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Bulverhythe

West Marina Redirects here.

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Calaveras Skull

The Calaveras Skull was a human skull found by miners in Calaveras County, California, which was purported to prove that humans, mastodons, and elephants had coexisted in California.

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Canine tooth

In mammalian oral anatomy, the canine teeth, also called cuspids, dog teeth, fangs, or (in the case of those of the upper jaw) eye teeth, are relatively long, pointed teeth.

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Cardiff Giant

The Cardiff Giant was one of the most famous hoaxes in United States history.

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Charles Dawson

Charles Dawson (11 July 1864 – 10 August 1916) was a British amateur archaeologist who was credited with and now blamed for discoveries that turned out to be imaginative frauds, climaxing with that of the Piltdown Man (Eoanthropus dawsoni), which he presented in 1912.

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Chimpanzee

Chimpanzees, colloquially called chimps, are two extant hominid species of apes in the genus Pan.

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Chromic acid

The term chromic acid is usually used for a mixture made by adding concentrated sulfuric acid to a dichromate, which may contain a variety of compounds, including solid chromium trioxide.

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Clarence Darrow

Clarence Seward Darrow (April 18, 1857 – March 13, 1938) was an American lawyer, leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform.

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Clark University

Clark University is an American private university and liberal arts college in Worcester, Massachusetts.

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Coconut

The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family).

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Creationism

Creationism is the religious belief that the Universe and life originated "from specific acts of divine creation."Gunn 2004, p. 9, "The Concise Oxford Dictionary says that creationism is 'the belief that the universe and living organisms originated from specific acts of divine creation.'" For young Earth creationists, this includes a biblical literalist interpretation of the Genesis creation narrative and the rejection of the scientific theory of evolution.

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Entombed animal

Entombed animals are animals reportedly found alive after being encased in solid rock (and sometimes coal or wood) for an indeterminate amount of time.

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Eolith

An eolith (from Greek "eos", dawn, and "lithos", stone) is a chipped flint nodule.

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Eurasia

Eurasia is the combined continental landmass of Asia and Europe.

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Evolution

Evolution is change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations.

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Fluorine absorption dating

Fluorine absorption dating is a method used to determine the amount of time an object has been underground.

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Fossil

Fossils (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") are the preserved remains or traces of animals, plants, and other organisms from the remote past.

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Franz Weidenreich

Franz Weidenreich (7 June 1873, Edenkoben – 11 July 1948, New York City) was a Jewish German anatomist and physical anthropologist who studied evolution.

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Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries

Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology (1990) is a book by Kenneth L. Feder on the topic of pseudoarcheology.

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Geological Society of London

The Geological Society of London (also known as the Geological Society) is a learned society based in the United Kingdom.

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Gerrit Smith Miller

Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr. (December 6, 1869 – February 24, 1956) was an American zoologist and botanist.

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Grafton Elliot Smith

Sir Grafton Elliot Smith, FRS FRCP (15 August 1871 – 1 January 1937) was an Australian-British anatomist and a proponent of the hyperdiffusionist view of prehistory.

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Hastings Castle

Hastings Castle is a keep and bailey castle ruin situated in the town of Hastings, East Sussex.

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Henry Fairfield Osborn

Henry Fairfield Osborn, Sr. ForMemRS (August 8, 1857 – November 6, 1935) was an American geologist, paleontologist, and eugenist, and the president of the American Museum of Natural History for 25 years.

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Homo heidelbergensis

Homo heidelbergensis – sometimes called Homo rhodesiensis – is an extinct species of the genus Homo which lived in Africa, Europe and western Asia between 600 and 200 thousand years ago.

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Horace de Vere Cole

William Horace de Vere Cole (5 May 1881, Ballincurrig, Co. Cork, Ireland – 25 February 1936, Paris, France) was an eccentric prankster and poet, born in Ireland, then part of the United Kingdom.

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Human evolution

Human evolution is the evolutionary process leading to the appearance of anatomically modern humans.

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Human mandible

The mandible (from Latin mandibula, "jawbone") or inferior maxillary bone is the largest, strongest and lowest bone in the face.

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Human skull

The human skull is the bony structure that forms the head in the human skeleton.

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Joseph Weiner

Joseph Sidney Weiner FRCP (29 June 1915 – 13 June 1982), was a South African-born British human biologist and environmental physiologist.

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Kenneth Oakley

Kenneth Page Oakley (7 April 1911 – 2 November 1981) was an English physical anthropologist, palaeontologist and geologist.

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King's College London

King's College London (informally King's or KCL; formerly styled King's College, London) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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Lavant, West Sussex

Lavant is a civil parish in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England, just north of Chichester.

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Lewes

Lewes is the county town of the administrative county of East Sussex, in England, and historically of all of Sussex.

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Marcellin Boule

Marcellin Boule (1 January 1861 – 4 July 1942) was a French palaeontologist.

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Martin Hinton

Martin Alister Campbell Hinton FRS (29 June 1883 – 3 October 1961) was a British zoologist.

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Miles Russell

Dr Miles Russell (born 8 April 1967) is a British archaeologist best known for his work and publications on the prehistoric and Roman periods and for his television appearances.

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Molar (tooth)

The molars or molar teeth are large, flat teeth at the back of the mouth.

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Natural History Museum, London

The Natural History Museum in London is a museum exhibiting a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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Nebraska Man

Nebraska Man was a name applied to Hesperopithecus haroldcookii, a putative species of ape.

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Occiput

The occiput is the anatomical term for the posterior (back) portion of the head or skull.

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Orangutan

The orangutans (also spelled orang-utan, orangutang, or orang-utang) are the two exclusively Asian species of extant great apes.

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Otto Schoetensack

Otto Schoetensack (July 12, 1850 in Stendal – December 23, 1912 in Ospidaletto) was a German industrialist and later professor of anthropology, born of financial means.

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Paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life existent prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch roughly 11,700 years before present.

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Peking Man

Peking Man, Homo erectus pekinensis, is an example of Homo erectus.

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Pevensey

Pevensey is a village and civil parish in the Wealden district of East Sussex, England.

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Phillip V. Tobias

Phillip Vallentine Tobias FRS (14 October 1925 – 7 June 2012) was a South African palaeoanthropologist and Professor Emeritus at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg.

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Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin SJ (1 May 1881 – 10 April 1955 was a French philosopher and Jesuit priest who trained as a paleontologist and geologist and took part in the discovery of Peking Man. He conceived the idea of the Omega Point (a maximum level of complexity and consciousness towards which he believed the universe was evolving) and developed Vladimir Vernadsky's concept of noosphere. During his lifetime, many of Teilhard's writings were censored by the Catholic Church because of his views on original sin. However, Teilhard was praised by Pope Benedict XVI, and he was also noted for his contributions to theology in Pope Francis' 2015 encyclical Laudato si'.

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Piltdown, East Sussex

Piltdown is a series of hamlets in East Sussex, England.

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Quirk Books

Quirk Books is an American independent book publisher based in Philadelphia.

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Ray Lankester

Sir E. Ray Lankester KCB, FRS (15 May 1847 – 13 August 1929) was a British zoologist, born in London.

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Raymond Dart

Raymond Arthur Dart (4 February 1893 – 22 November 1988) was an Australian anatomist and anthropologist, best known for his involvement in the 1924 discovery of the first fossil ever found of Australopithecus africanus, an extinct hominin closely related to humans, at Taung in the North of South Africa in the province Northwest.

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Royal College of Surgeons of England

The Royal College of Surgeons of England, often referred to simply as the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS), is an independent professional body and registered charity committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients, regulating surgery, including dentistry, in England and Wales.

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and is one of the world's top scientific journals.

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Scopes Trial

The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.

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Skull

The skull is a bony structure in the head of most vertebrates (in particular, craniates) that supports the structures of the face and forms a protective cavity for the brain.

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Suffragette

Suffragettes were members of women's organisation (right to vote) movements in the late 19th and early 20th century, particularly militants in Great Britain such as members of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU).

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Talgai Skull

The Talgai Skull is a fossil found on the Talgai Station, Queensland, Australia.

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Taung Child

The Taung Child (or Taung Baby) is the fossilised skull of a young Australopithecus africanus.

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The Evil Empire: 101 Ways That England Ruined the World

The Evil Empire: 101 Ways That England Ruined the World is a book written by Steven A. Grasse, the chief executive officer of Philadelphia marketing agency Gyro.

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The Piltdown Men

The Piltdown Men were a rock and roll instrumental studio group from Hollywood, California, featuring two lead saxophones.

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Thinker's Library

The Thinker's Library was a series of 140 small hardcover books published between 1929 and 1951 for the Rationalist Press Association by Watts & Co., London, a company founded by Charles Albert Watts.

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Time (magazine)

Time (styled within the magazine as TIME) is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City.

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Type (biology)

In biology, a type is one particular specimen (or in some cases a group of specimens) of an organism to which the scientific name of that organism is formally attached.

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Uckfield

Uckfield is a town in the Wealden District of East Sussex in South East England.

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Vertebral column

The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is a bony skeletal structure found in vertebrates.

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Wealden

Wealden is a local government district in East Sussex, England: its name comes from the Weald, the remnant Sussex and Surrey forest which was once unbroken and occupies much of the centre and north of this area.

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Wilfrid Le Gros Clark

Sir Wilfrid Edward Le Gros Clark (June 1895 – 28 June 1971) was a British anatomist surgeon, primatologist and palaeoanthropologist, today best remembered for his contribution to the study of human evolution.

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William Plane Pycraft

William Plane Pycraft (13 January 1868 – 1 May 1942) was an English osteologist and zoologist.

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Zoology

Zoology (zoh-OL-luh-jee) or animal biology is the branch of biology that relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piltdown_Man

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