119 relations: Acetaldehyde, Aggregate (composite), Amorphous solid, Antimony, Antimony trioxide, Arene substitution pattern, Base (chemistry), Bioplastic, Bis(2-Hydroxyethyl) terephthalate, Blister pack, Blow molding, Bond cleavage, BoPET, Calico Printers' Association, Carbonation, Catalysis, Celsius, Charpy impact test, Chemical decomposition, Condensation polymer, Copolymer, Cross-link, Crystallite, Crystallization of polymers, Cyclohexanedimethanol, Daily Mail, Desiccant, Diethylene glycol, Diffusion, Dimethyl terephthalate, Disinfectant, Drawing (manufacturing), DuPont, Elastic modulus, Endocrine disruptor, Engineering plastic, Environmental Health Perspectives, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, Ester, Ethylene glycol, Evaporation, Fibre-reinforced plastic, Geocaching, Glass transition, Hydrolysis, Hygroscopy, Incineration, Intellectual Property Office (United Kingdom), International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Intrinsic viscosity, ..., Isophthalic acid, Jar, John Rex Whinfield, Joule, Litre, Magnetic tape, Manchester, Metallised film, Methanol, Micrometre, Mohawk Industries, Monomer, Nanometre, Nathaniel Wyeth (inventor), Nocardia, Nonwoven fabric, Nucleation, Packaging and labeling, Pascal (unit), PET bottle recycling, Phosphite, Phthalate, Plastic, Plastic recycling, Plasticizer, Polycyclohexylenedimethylene terephthalate, Polyester, Polyethylene, Polylactic acid, Polymer, Polyolefin, Polypropylene, Polyvinyl acetate, Polyvinyl alcohol, Polyvinyl chloride, Post-consumer waste, Pressure-sensitive tape, Protein, Purified water, Recrystallization (chemistry), Resin, Resin identification code, Russian Academy of Sciences, Sheet, Single crystal, Soft drink, Solar water disinfection, Space blanket, Spherulite, Staple (wool), Sunlight, Synthetic fiber, Tap water, Terephthalic acid, Thermal expansion, Thermal insulation, Thermoforming, Thermoplastic, Thin film, Tire, Tolerable daily intake, Toughness, Transesterification, TV dinner, Ultimate tensile strength, Vial of Life, Vicat softening point, World Health Organization, Young's modulus. Expand index (69 more) » « Shrink index
Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.
Aggregate is the component of a composite material that resists compressive stress and provides bulk to the composite material.
In condensed matter physics and materials science, an amorphous (from the Greek a, without, morphé, shape, form) or non-crystalline solid is a solid that lacks the long-range order characteristic of a crystal.
Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb (from stibium) and atomic number 51.
Antimony(III) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Sb2O3.
Arene substitution patterns are part of organic chemistry IUPAC nomenclature and pinpoint the position of substituents other than hydrogen in relation to each other on an aromatic hydrocarbon.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, are slippery to the touch, taste bitter, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, or microbiota.
Bis(2-Hydroxyethyl) terephthalate is an organic compound; it is the ester of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid.
Blister pack is a term for several types of pre-formed plastic packaging used for small consumer goods, foods, and for pharmaceuticals.
Blow molding (BrE moulding) is a manufacturing process by which hollow plastic parts are formed.
Bond cleavage or scission is the splitting of chemical bonds..
BoPET (Biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate) is a polyester film made from stretched polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and is used for its high tensile strength, chemical and dimensional stability, transparency, reflectivity, gas and aroma barrier properties, and electrical insulation.
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The Calico Printers' Association Ltd was a British textile company founded in 1899, from the amalgamation of 46 textile printing companies and 13 textile merchants.
Carbonation can refer to two chemical processes involving carbon dioxide.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalyst.
Celsius, historically known as centigrade, is a scale and unit of measurement for temperature.
The Charpy impact test, also known as the Charpy V-notch test, is a standardized high strain-rate test which determines the amount of energy absorbed by a material during fracture.
Chemical decomposition, analysis or breakdown is the separation of a chemical compound into elements or simpler compounds.
Condensation polymers are any kind of polymers formed through a condensation reaction—where molecules join together—losing small molecules as by-products such as water or methanol, as opposed to addition polymers which involve the reaction of unsaturated monomers.
When two or more different monomers unite together to polymerize, their result is called a copolymer and its process is called copolymerization.
A cross-link is a bond that links one polymer chain to another.
Polycrystalline materials or polycrystals are solids that are composed of many crystallites of varying size and orientation.
Crystallization of polymers is a process associated with partial alignment of their molecular chains.
Cyclohexanedimethanol (CHDM) is a mixture of isomeric organic compounds with formula C6H10(CH2OH)2.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust.
A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity.
Diethylene glycol (DEG) is an organic compound with the formula (HOCH2CH2)2O.
Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration.
Dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2CH3)2.
Disinfectants are antimicrobial agents that are applied to non-living objects to destroy microorganisms that are living on the objects.
Drawing is a metalworking process which uses tensile forces to stretch metal.
"Young's modulus" or modulus of elasticity, is a number that measures an object or substance's resistance to being deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a force is applied to it.
Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that, at certain doses, can interfere with the endocrine (or hormone) system in mammals.
Engineering plastics are a group of plastic materials that have better mechanical and/or thermal properties than the more widely used commodity plastics (such as polystyrene, PVC, polypropylene and polyethylene).
Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) is a peer-reviewed journal published monthly with support from the U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS).
Environmental Science: Processes & Impactsis a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of environmental science.
In chemistry, esters are chemical compounds derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one -OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an -O-alkyl (alkoxy) group.
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Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound primarily used as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and fabric industry, and polyethylene terephthalate resins (PET) used in bottling.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase that is not saturated with the evaporating substance.
Fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) (also fibre-reinforced polymer) is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibers.
Geocaching is an outdoor recreational activity, in which participants use a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver or mobile device and other navigational techniques to hide and seek containers, called "geocaches" or "caches", anywhere in the world.
The glass–liquid transition or glass transition for short is the reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials) from a hard and relatively brittle state into a molten or rubber-like state.
Hydrolysis usually means the cleavage of chemical bonds by the addition of water.
Hygroscopy (etymology and pronunciation) is the ability of a substance to attract and hold water molecules from the surrounding environment.
Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.
The Intellectual Property Office of the United Kingdom (often The IPO) is, since 2 April 2007, the operating name of The Patent Office.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
Intrinsic viscosity \left is a measure of a solute's contribution to the viscosity \eta of a solution.
Isophthalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2H)2.
A jar is a rigid, approximately cylindrical container with a wide mouth or opening.
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John Rex Whinfield CBE (16 February 1901; Sutton, Surrey, England – 6 July 1966; Dorking, Surrey) was a British chemist who, together with James Tennant Dickson investigated polyesters and in 1941 produced and patented the first polyester fibre which they named Terylene, also known as Dacron, equal to or surpassing nylon in toughness and resilience.
The joule, symbol J, is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
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The litre (International spelling) or liter (American spelling) (SI symbols L or l, commonly abbreviated as ltr) is an SI accepted metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimetre (dm3), 1,000 cubic centimetres (cm3) or 1/1,000 cubic metre.
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Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 514,417 in 2013.
Metallised films (or metalized films) are polymer films coated with a thin layer of metal, usually aluminium.
The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: µm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling 1×10−6 of a metre (SI standard prefix "micro-".
Mohawk Industries is a flooring manufacturer based in Calhoun, Georgia, USA.
A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that may bind chemically to other molecules to form a polymer.
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth of a metre (m).
Nathaniel C. Wyeth (October 24, 1911 – July 6, 1990) was an American mechanical engineer and inventor.
Nocardia is a genus of weakly staining Gram-positive, catalase-positive, rod-shaped bacteria.
Nonwoven fabric is a fabric-like material made from long fibers, bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment.
Nucleation is the first step in the formation of either a new thermodynamic phase or a new structure via self-assembly or self-organization.
Packaging is the technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure, internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength, defined as one newton per square metre.
Bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET, sometimes PETE) can be "recycled" to reuse the material out of which they are made and to reduce the amount of waste going into landfills.
A phosphite in inorganic chemistry is a salt of phosphorous acid, H3PO3 and following the IUPAC naming recommendations the phosphite ion would be PO33−NOMENCLATURE OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY IUPAC Recommendations 2005 ed.
Phthalates (pronounced or in British English /ˈ(f)θaleɪts/), or phthalate esters, are esters of phthalic acid and are mainly used as plasticizers (substances added to plastics to increase their flexibility, transparency, durability, and longevity).
Plastic is a material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organics that are malleable and can be molded into solid objects of diverse shapes.
Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastic and reprocessing the material into useful products, sometimes completely different in form from their original state.
Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or fluidity of a material.
Polycyclohexylenedimethylene terephthalate (PCT) is a thermoplastic polyester formed from the polycondensation of terephthalic acid and cyclohexylene-dimethanol.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polyethylene (abbreviated PE) or polyethene (IUPAC name polyethene or poly(methylene)) is the most common plastic.
Polylactic acid or polylactide (PLA, Poly) is a biodegradable thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States and Canada), tapioca roots, chips or starch (mostly in Asia), or sugarcane (in the rest of the world).
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "parts") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
A polyolefin is any of a class of polymers produced from a simple olefin (also called an alkene with the general formula CnH2n) as a monomer.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labeling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes.
Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVA, PVAc, poly(ethenyl ethanoate): commonly referred to as wood glue, white glue, carpenter's glue, school glue, Elmer's glue in the US, or PVA glue) is an aliphatic rubbery synthetic polymer with the formula (C4H6O2)n.
Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH, PVA, or PVAl) is a water-soluble synthetic polymer.
Polyvinyl chloride, more correctly but unusually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviated PVC, is the third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
Post-consumer waste is a waste type produced by the end consumer of a material stream; that is, where the waste-producing use did not involve the production of another product.
Pressure-sensitive tape, known also in various countries as PSA tape, adhesive tape, self-stick tape, sticky tape, or just tape, is an adhesive tape that will stick with application pressure, without the need for a solvent (such as water) or heat for activation.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Purified water is water that has been mechanically filtered or processed to remove impurities and make it suitable for use.
In chemistry, recrystallization is a technique used to purify chemicals.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance, usually containing prepolymers with reactive groups." Such viscous substances can be plant derived or synthetic.
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The SPI resin identification coding system is a set of symbols placed on plastics to identify the polymer type.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) (Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
Sheet may refer to.
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A single crystal or monocrystalline solid is a material in which the crystal lattice of the entire sample is continuous and unbroken to the edges of the sample, with no grain boundaries.
A soft drink is a drink that typically contains carbonated water, a sweetener and a natural or artificial flavoring.
Solar water disinfection is a type of portable water purification that uses solar energy to make biologically-contaminated (e.g. bacteria, viruses, protozoa and worms) water safe to drink.
A space blanket (also known as a Mylar blanket, first aid blanket, emergency blanket, thermal blanket or weather blanket) is an especially low-weight, low-bulk blanket made of heat-reflective thin plastic sheeting.
In petrology, spherulites are small, rounded bodies that commonly occur in vitreous igneous rocks.
A wool staple is a naturally formed cluster or lock of wool fibres and not a single fibre.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
Synthetic fibers or fibres are the result of extensive research by scientists to improve on naturally occurring animal and plant fibers.
Tap water (running water, city water, municipal water, etc.) is water supplied to a tap (valve).
Terephthalic acid is the organic compound with formula C6H4(CO2H)2.
Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in volume in response to a change in temperature, when the body is heated its dimension(size) increase.This increase in dimension is called thermal expansion.
Thermal insulation is the reduction of heat transfer (the transfer of thermal energy between objects of differing temperature) between objects in thermal contact or in range of radiative influence.
Thermoforming is a manufacturing process where a plastic sheet is heated to a pliable forming temperature, formed to a specific shape in a mold, and trimmed to create a usable product.
A Fisch, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
A thin film is a layer of material ranging from fractions of a nanometer (monolayer) to several micrometers in thickness.
A tire (American English) or tyre (British English) is a ring-shaped vehicle component that covers the wheel's rim to protect it and enable better vehicle performance.
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Tolerable daily intake (TDI) refers to the daily amount of a chemical that has been assessed safe for human being on long-term basis (usually whole lifetime).
In materials science and metallurgy, toughness is the ability of a material to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing.
In organic chemistry, transesterification is the process of exchanging the organic group R″ of an ester with the organic group R′ of an alcohol.
A TV dinner (also called prepackaged meal, ready-made meal, ready meal, frozen dinner, frozen meal, microwave meal) is a prepackaged frozen or chilled meal that usually comes as an individual portion.
Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS) or ultimate strength, is the maximum stress that a material can withstand while being stretched or pulled before failing or breaking.
The Vial of Life is a program that allows individuals to have their complete medical information ready in their home for emergency personnel to reference during an emergency.
Vicat softening temperature or Vicat hardness is the determination of the softening point for materials that have no definite melting point, such as plastics.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.
Young's modulus, also known as the tensile modulus, is a mechanical property of linear elastic solid materials.
1 (plastic), 1 (resin identification code), 2L bottle, A-PET, APET, Arnite, Dacron, Dakron, Ertalyte, Flexible substrate, Hostaphan, Impet, Lavsan, Melinex, PET bottle, PET bottles, PET plastic, PET-P, PETE, PETE plastic, PETG, PETP, Pete plastic, Poly(ethylene terephthalate), PolyEthylene Terephthalate, Polyethylene Terephthalate, Polyethylene Terepthalate, Polyethylene Terepthalete, Polyethylene tere, Polyethylene terephtalate, Polyethylene terphthalate, Polyethyleneterephthalate, Polyetylene terephthalate, Rynite, SrPET, Terylene, Trevira, Vivak.