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Polypropylene

Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labeling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes. [1]

95 relations: Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Addition polymer, Aircraft, Aldehyde, Antioxidant, Antistatic agent, Autoclave, BBC, Biocide, Blow molding, Capacitor, Carbon black, Carbon–carbon bond, Carboxylic acid, Concrete, Converters (industry), Copolymer, Crazing, Crystal, Dielectric, Differential scanning calorimetry, Engineering plastic, Environmental Working Group, EPDM rubber, Epoxy, Ethicon Inc., Ethylene, Extended Cold Weather Clothing System, Extrusion, Fashion, Fatigue (material), Fluidized bed, Giulio Natta, Heat fusion, Helix, Hernia, High-density polyethylene, Injection moulding, International Audio Group, Kettle, La Laguna Cathedral, Living hinge, Low smoke zero halogen, Low-density polyethylene, Machining, Melt flow index, Metallocene, Methyl group, Methylaluminoxane, Micrometre, ..., Molding (process), Monomer, Montecatini (company), New Scientist, Nonwoven fabric, Oleamide, Opacity (optics), Oxygen, Packaging and labeling, Plastic bag, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polyethylene terephthalate, Polymer, Polymer banknote, Polymer degradation, Polypropylene drum, Polystyrene, Polyvinyl chloride, Prolene, Propene, Pulsed power, Quaternary ammonium cation, Radical (chemistry), Radio frequency, Repeat unit, Resin identification code, Roll slitting, Rope, Rubbermaid, Rubik's Cube, Spall, Stationery, Sterilite, Sunlight, Surface finishing, Surgical suture, Tacticity, Tenerife, Textile, Thermoplastic, Tonne, Trading card, Transparency and translucency, Ultraviolet, Ziegler–Natta catalyst. Expand index (45 more) »

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x· (C4H6)y·(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer.

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Addition polymer

An addition polymer is a polymer which is formed by an addition reaction, where many monomers bond together via rearrangement of bonds without the loss of any atom or molecule.

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Aircraft

An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air, or, in general, the atmosphere of a planet.

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Aldehyde

An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a formyl group.

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Antioxidant

An antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules.

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Antistatic agent

An antistatic agent is a compound used for treatment of materials or their surfaces in order to reduce or eliminate buildup of static electricity.

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Autoclave

An autoclave is a pressure chamber used to sterilize equipment and supplies by subjecting them to high pressure saturated steam at 121 °C (249°F) for around 15–20 minutes depending on the size of the load and the contents.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

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Biocide

A biocide is defined in the European legislation as a chemical substance or microorganism intended to destroy, deter, render harmless, or exert a controlling effect on any harmful organism by chemical or biological means.

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Blow molding

Blow molding (BrE moulding) is a manufacturing process by which hollow plastic parts are formed.

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Capacitor

A capacitor (originally known as a condenser) is a passive two-terminal electrical component used to store electrical energy temporarily in an electric field.

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Carbon black

Carbon black (subtypes are acetylene black, channel black, furnace black, lamp black and thermal black) is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC tar, coal tar, ethylene cracking tar, and a small amount from vegetable oil.

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Carbon–carbon bond

A carbon–carbon bond is a covalent bond between two carbon atoms.

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Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(O)OH).

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Concrete

Concrete is a composite material composed of aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement which hardens over time.

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Converters (industry)

Converting companies are companies that specialize in combining raw materials such as polyesters, adhesives, silicone, tapes, foams, plastics, felts, rubbers, liners and metals, as well as other materials, to create new products.

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Copolymer

When two or more different monomers unite together to polymerize, their result is called a copolymer and its process is called copolymerization.

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Crazing

Crazing is the phenomenon that produces a network of fine cracks on the surface of a material, for example in a glaze layer.

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Crystal

A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents, such as atoms, molecules or ions, are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.

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Dielectric

A dielectric material (dielectric for short) is an electrical insulator that can be polarized by an applied electric field.

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Differential scanning calorimetry

Differential scanning calorimetry or DSC is a thermoanalytical technique in which the difference in the amount of heat required to increase the temperature of a sample and reference is measured as a function of temperature.

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Engineering plastic

Engineering plastics are a group of plastic materials that have better mechanical and/or thermal properties than the more widely used commodity plastics (such as polystyrene, PVC, polypropylene and polyethylene).

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Environmental Working Group

The Environmental Working Group (EWG) is an American environmental organization that specializes in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals, agricultural subsidies, public lands, and corporate accountability.

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EPDM rubber

EPDM rubber (ethylene propylene diene monomer (M-class) rubber), a type of synthetic rubber, is an elastomer characterized by a wide range of applications.

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Epoxy

Epoxy is a term used to denote both the basic components and the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.

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Ethicon Inc.

Ethicon, Inc. is a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson.

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Ethylene

Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.

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Extended Cold Weather Clothing System

The Extended Cold Weather Clothing System (ECWCS) is a protective clothing system developed in the 1980s by the United States Army Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center, Natick, Massachusetts.

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Extrusion

Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.

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Fashion

Fashion is a popular style or practice, especially in clothing, footwear, accessories, makeup, body piercing, or furniture.

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Fatigue (material)

In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.

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Fluidized bed

A fluidized bed is formed when a quantity of a solid particulate substance (usually present in a holding vessel) is placed under appropriate conditions to cause a solid/fluid mixture to behave as a fluid.

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Giulio Natta

Giulio Natta (26 February 1903 – 2 May 1979) was an Italian chemist and Nobel laureate.

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Heat fusion

Heat fusion (sometimes called heat welding, butt welding or simply fusion) is a welding process used to join two different pieces of a thermoplastic.

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Helix

A helix (pl: helixes or helices) is a type of smooth space curve, i.e. a curve in three-dimensional space.

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Hernia

A hernia is the exit of an organ, such as the bowel, through the wall of the cavity in which it normally resides.

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High-density polyethylene

High-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polyethylene high-density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum.

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Injection moulding

Injection moulding (injection molding in the USA) is a manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting material into a mould.

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International Audio Group

The International Audio Group (IAG) is a British manufacturer of consumer and professional audio & HiFi components.

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Kettle

A kettle, sometimes called a tea kettle or teakettle, is a type of pot, typically metal, specialized for boiling water, with a lid, spout and handle, or a small kitchen appliance of similar shape that functions in a self-contained manner.

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La Laguna Cathedral

The Cathedral of San Cristóbal de La Laguna or Catedral de Nuestra Señora de los Remedios (Santa Iglesia Catedral de San Cristóbal de La Laguna in Spanish) is a Catholic cathedral in Tenerife, Spain.

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Living hinge

A living hinge is a thin flexible hinge (flexure bearing) made from the same material as the two rigid pieces it connects, rather than cloth, leather, or some other flexible substance.

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Low smoke zero halogen

Low smoke zero halogen or low smoke free of halogen (LSZH or LSOH or LS0H or LSFH or OHLS) is a material classification typically used for cable jacketing in the wire and cable industry.

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Low-density polyethylene

Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a thermoplastic made from the monomer ethylene.

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Machining

Machining is any of various processes in which a piece of raw material is cut into a desired final shape and size by a controlled material-removal process.

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Melt flow index

ISO 1133:1997.

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Metallocene

A metallocene is a compound typically consisting of two cyclopentadienyl anions (Cp, which is C5H5−) bound to a metal center (M) in the oxidation state II, with the resulting general formula (C5H5)2M.

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Methyl group

A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.

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Methylaluminoxane

Methylaluminoxane, commonly called MAO, is a white solid with the general formula (Al(CH3)O)n.

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Micrometre

The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: µm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling 1×10−6 of a metre (SI standard prefix "micro-".

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Molding (process)

Molding or moulding (see spelling differences) is the process of manufacturing by shaping liquid or pliable raw material using a rigid frame called a mold or matrix.

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Monomer

A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that may bind chemically to other molecules to form a polymer.

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Montecatini (company)

Montecatini was an important Italian chemicals company founded in 1888.

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New Scientist

New Scientist is a UK-based weekly non-peer-reviewed English-language international science magazine, founded in 1956.

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Nonwoven fabric

Nonwoven fabric is a fabric-like material made from long fibers, bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment.

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Oleamide

Oleamide is an amide of the fatty acid oleic acid.

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Opacity (optics)

Opacity is the measure of impenetrability to electromagnetic or other kinds of radiation, especially visible light.

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Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

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Packaging and labeling

Packaging is the technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.

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Plastic bag

A plastic bag, polybag, or pouch is a type of container made of thin, flexible, plastic film, nonwoven fabric, or plastic textile.

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Poly(methyl methacrylate)

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.

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Polyethylene terephthalate

Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibers for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fiber for engineering resins.

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Polymer

A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "parts") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Polymer banknote

Polymer banknotes are banknotes made from a polymer such as biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP).

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Polymer degradation

Polymer degradation is a change in the properties—tensile strength, colour, shape, etc.—of a polymer or polymer-based product under the influence of one or more environmental factors such as heat, light or chemicals such as acids, alkalis and some salts.

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Polypropylene drum

The introduction of Polypropylene drums permitted the routine commercial use of a range of highly corrosive chemicals in the tanning industry, for processes such as depilation and bleaching.

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Polystyrene

Polystyrene (PS) is a synthetic aromatic polymer made from the monomer styrene.

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Polyvinyl chloride

Polyvinyl chloride, more correctly but unusually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviated PVC, is the third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.

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Prolene

Prolene is a synthetic, monofilament, nonabsorbable polypropylene suture.

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Propene

Propene, also known as propylene or methylethylene, is an unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6.

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Pulsed power

Pulsed power is the science and technology of accumulating energy over a relatively long period of time and releasing it very quickly, thus increasing the instantaneous power.

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Quaternary ammonium cation

Quaternary ammonium cations, also known as quats, are positively charged polyatomic ions of the structure NR4+, R being an alkyl group or an aryl group.

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Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has unpaired valency electrons.

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Radio frequency

Radio frequency (RF): any of the electromagnetic wave frequencies that lie in the range extending from around to, which include those frequencies used for communications or radar signals.

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Repeat unit

A repeat unit or repeating unit is a part of a polymer whose repetition would produce the complete polymer chain (except for the end-groups) by linking the repeat units together successively along the chain, like the beads of a necklace.

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Resin identification code

The SPI resin identification coding system is a set of symbols placed on plastics to identify the polymer type.

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Roll slitting

Roll slitting is a shearing operation that cuts a large roll of material into narrower rolls.

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Rope

A rope is a group of yarns, plies, or strands which are twisted or braided together in order to combine them into a larger and stronger form.

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Rubbermaid

Rubbermaid is an American manufacturer and distributor of many household items.

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Rubik's Cube

Rubik's Cube is a 3-D combination puzzle invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik.

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Spall

Spall are flakes of a material that are broken off a larger solid body and can be produced by a variety of mechanisms, including as a result of projectile impact, corrosion, weathering, cavitation, or excessive rolling pressure (as in a ball bearing).

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Stationery

Stationery is commercially manufactured writing materials, including cut paper, envelopes, writing implements and other office supplies.

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Sterilite

Sterilite Corporation is an American manufacturer of plastic storage containers.

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Sunlight

Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.

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Surface finishing

Surface finishing is a broad range of industrial processes that alter the surface of a manufactured item to achieve a certain property.

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Surgical suture

Surgical suture (commonly called stitches) is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.

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Tacticity

Tacticity (from Greek τακτικός taktikos "of or relating to arrangement or order") is the relative stereochemistry of adjacent chiral centers within a macromolecule.

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Tenerife

Tenerife is the largest and most populous island of the seven Canary Islands; it is also the most populated island of Spain, with a land area of and 898,680 inhabitants, 43 percent of the total population of the Canary Islands.

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Textile

A textile or cloth is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn.

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Thermoplastic

A Fisch, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

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Tonne

The tonne (British and SI; or metric ton (in the United States) is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to.

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Trading card

A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card, usually made out of paperboard or thick paper, which usually contains an image of a certain person, place or thing (fictional or real) and a short description of the picture, along with other text (attacks, statistics, or trivia).

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Transparency and translucency

In the field of optics, transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through the material without being scattered.

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Ultraviolet

Ultraviolet (UV) light is an electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 400 nm to 100 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Ziegler–Natta catalyst

A Ziegler–Natta catalyst, named after Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta, is a catalyst used in the synthesis of polymers of 1-alkenes (alpha-olefins).

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polypropylene

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