45 relations: Amecameca, Basaltic andesite, CENAPRED, Crevasse, Dacite, Diego de Ordaz, Glaciar Norte (Popocatépetl), Glacier, Holocene, Iztaccihuatl, Jesús Helguera, Lahar, Landslide, List of mountain peaks of Mexico, List of peaks by prominence, List of Ultras of Mexico, List of volcanoes in Mexico, Magma, Mexico, Mexico City, Monasteries on the slopes of Popocatépetl, Morelos, Mountain, Nahuatl, Paso de Cortés, Pico de Orizaba, Pleistocene, Plinian eruption, Pope Gregory I, Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, Puebla, Puebla, Puebla, Pyroclastic flow, Saddle (landform), Spain, Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, State of Mexico, Stratovolcano, The Mountaineers (club), Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Ultra-prominent peak, Volcanic Ash Advisory Center, Volcanic crater, Volcano, World Heritage Site.
Amecameca (formally Amecameca de Juárez) is a town and municipality located in the eastern panhandle of Mexico State between Mexico City and the Iztaccíhuatl and Popocatépetl volcanos of the Sierra Nevada mountain range.
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Basaltic andesite is a black volcanic rock containing about 55% silica.
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Mexico's National Center for Prevention of Disasters (Centro Nacional de Prevención de Desastres, or CENAPRED) is a federal agency, attached to the Secretariat of the Interior.
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A crevasse is a deep crack, or fracture, found in an ice sheet or glacier, as opposed to a crevice that forms in rock.
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Dacite is an igneous, volcanic rock.
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Diego de Ordaz (also Diego de Ordás; 1480 in Castroverde de Campos, Zamora province, Spain – 1532 in Venezuela) was a Spanish explorer and soldier.
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Glaciar Norte is a glacier located on the volcanic peak of Popocatépetl in the Mexican State of Puebla.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
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The Holocene is the geological epoch that began after the Pleistocene at approximately 11,700 years BP and continues to the present.
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Iztaccíhuatl (alternative spellings include Ixtaccíhuatl, or either variant spelled without the accent) (or, as spelled with the x), is a dormant volcanic mountain in Mexico located on the border between the State of Mexico and Puebla.
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Jesús Helguera (May 28, 1910 – December 5, 1971) was a Mexican painter.
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A lahar is a type of mudflow or debris flow composed of a slurry of pyroclastic material, rocky debris, and water.
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A landslide, also known as a landslip, is a geological phenomenon that includes a wide range of ground movements.
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This article comprises three sortable tables of the major mountain peaks of Mexico.
This is a list of mountain peaks ordered by their topographic prominence.
The following sortable table lists the 27 ultra-prominent mountain peaks of Mexico.
This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in Mexico.
Magma (from Greek μάγμα, "thick unguent") is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets.
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Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
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Mexico City (Ciudad de México, officially known as México, D. F., or simply D. F.) is the federal district (distrito federal), capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the union.
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The Monasteries on the slopes of Popocatépetl World Heritage Site are fourteen 16th century monasteries which were built by the Augustinians, the Franciscans and the Dominicans in order to evangelize the areas south and east of the Popocatépetl volcano in central Mexico.
Morelos, officially Free and Sovereign State of Morelos (Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
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A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak.
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Nahuatl (The Classical Nahuatl word nāhuatl (noun stem nāhua, + absolutive -tl) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the Spanish language),() Naoatl, Nauatl, Nahuatl, Nawatl. In a back formation from the name of the language, the ethnic group of Nahuatl speakers are called Nahua.), known informally as Aztec, is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Varieties of Nahuatl are spoken by an estimated Nahua people, most of whom live in Central Mexico. All Nahuan languages are indigenous to Mesoamerica. Nahuatl has been spoken in Central Mexico since at least the 7th century AD. It was the language of the Aztecs who dominated what is now central Mexico during the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican history. During the centuries preceding the Spanish conquest of Mexico, the Aztec Empire had expanded to incorporate a large part of central Mexico, and its influence caused the variety of Nahuatl spoken by the residents of Tenochtitlan to become a prestige language in Mesoamerica. At the conquest, with the introduction of the Latin alphabet, Nahuatl also became a literary language, and many chronicles, grammars, works of poetry, administrative documents and codices were written in it during the 16th and 17th centuries. This early literary language based on the Tenochtitlan variety has been labeled Classical Nahuatl and is among the most studied and best-documented languages of the Americas. Today Nahuatl varietiesSee Mesoamerican languages#Language vs. Dialect for a discussion on the difference between "languages" and "dialects" in Mesoamerica. are spoken in scattered communities, mostly in rural areas throughout central Mexico and along the coastline. There are considerable differences among varieties, and some are mutually unintelligible. Huasteca Nahuatl, with over 1 million speakers, is the most-spoken variety. They have all been subject to varying degrees of influence from Spanish. No modern Nahuatl languages are identical to Classical Nahuatl, but those spoken in and around the Valley of Mexico are generally more closely related to it than those on the periphery. Under Mexico's Ley General de Derechos Lingüísticos de los Pueblos Indígenas ("General Law on the Linguistic Rights of Indigenous Peoples") promulgated in 2003, Nahuatl and the other 63 indigenous languages of Mexico are recognized as lenguas nacionales ("national languages") in the regions where they are spoken, enjoying the same status as Spanish within their region.By the provisions of Article IV: Las lenguas indígenas...y el español son lenguas nacionales...y tienen la misma validez en su territorio, localización y contexto en que se hablen. ("The indigenous languages...and Spanish are national languages...and have the same validity in their territory, location and context in which they are spoken.") Nahuatl languages exhibit a complex morphology characterized by polysynthesis and agglutination. Through centuries of coexistence with the other indigenous Mesoamerican languages, Nahuatl has absorbed many influences, coming to form part of the Mesoamerican Linguistic Area. Many words from Nahuatl have been borrowed into Spanish, and since diffused into hundreds of other languages. Most of these loanwords denote things indigenous to central Mexico which the Spanish heard mentioned for the first time by their Nahuatl names. English words of Nahuatl origin include "avocado", "chayote", "chili", "chocolate", "atlatl", "coyote", "peyote", "axolotl" and "tomato".
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The Paso de Cortés is the mountain pass or saddle between the Popocatépetl and Ixtaccíhuatl volcanoes in central México.
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The Pico de Orizaba or Citlaltépetl (from Nahuatl citlal(in).
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The Pleistocene (symbol PS) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's recent period of repeated glaciations.
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Plinian eruptions, also known as Vesuvian eruptions, are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79.
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Pope Gregory I (Gregorius I; c. 540 – 12 March 604), commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great, Gregory had come to be known as 'the Great' by the late ninth century, a title which is still applied to him.
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"Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl" the volcanoes Popocatépetl ("the Smoking Mountain") and Iztaccíhuatl ("white woman" in Nahuatl, sometimes called the Mujer Dormida "sleeping woman" in Spanish) which overlook the Valley of Mexico.
Puebla, officially Free and Sovereign State of Puebla (Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla) is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
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The city of Puebla, formally Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza, is the seat of Puebla Municipality, the capital and largest city of the state of Puebla, and one of the five most important Spanish colonial cities in Mexico.
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A pyroclastic flow (also known scientifically as a pyroclastic density current) is a fast-moving current of hot gas and rock (collectively known as tephra), which reaches speeds moving away from a volcano of up to 700 km/h (450 mph).
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The saddle between two hills (or mountains) is the area around the highest point of the (optimal) pass between the two massifs, i.e. around the lowest route on which one could pass between the two summits.
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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas, as well as world history.
The State of Mexico (Estado de México), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Mexico (Estado Libre y Soberano de México), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
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A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash.
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The Mountaineers is an outdoor recreation, education, and conservation 501(c)(3) nonprofit based in Seattle, Washington, founded in 1906.
The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (Eje Volcánico Transversal), also known as the Transvolcanic Belt and locally as the Sierra Nevada (Snowy Mountain Range), is a volcanic belt that covers central-southern Mexico.
An ultra-prominent peak, or Ultra for short, is defined as a mountain summit with a topographic prominence of or more.
A Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) is a group of experts responsible for coordinating and disseminating information on atmospheric volcanic ash clouds that may endanger aviation.
A volcanic crater is a circular depression in the ground caused by volcanic activity.
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A volcano is a rupture on the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
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A World Heritage Site is a place (such as a building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, or mountain) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as being of special cultural or physical significance.
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