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Potassium in biology

Potassium is an essential mineral micronutrient and is the main intracellular ion for all types of cells. [1]

52 relations: Action potential, Alkalosis, Apricot, Avocado, Banana, Calcium-activated potassium channel, Cardiac arrhythmia, Cell (biology), Cell membrane, Coconut, Concentration, Diarrhea, Dietary Reference Intake, Electric potential, Electrolyte, Eukaryote, European Union, Fruit, Germany, Glycyrrhizin, Hyperkalemia, Hypertension, Hypokalemia, Ileus, Intracellular, Inward-rectifier potassium ion channel, Ion, Ion transporter, Italy, Kidney stone, Kiwifruit, Membrane potential, Micronutrient, National Academy of Medicine, Nervous tissue, Neurotransmission, Orange juice, Osteoporosis, Parsnip, Potash, Potassium, Potassium channel, Potato, Prokaryote, Renal failure, Sodium, Stroke, Tandem pore domain potassium channel, Turnip, Vegetable, ..., Voltage-gated potassium channel, X-ray crystallography. Expand index (2 more) »

Action potential

In physiology, an action potential is a short-lasting event in which the electrical membrane potential of a cell rapidly rises and falls, following a consistent trajectory.

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Alkalosis

Alkalosis refers to a process reducing hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood plasma (alkalemia).

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Apricot

An apricot is a fruit or the tree that bears the fruit of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).

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Avocado

The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree native to Mexico and Central America, classified in the flowering plant family Lauraceae along with cinnamon, camphor and bay laurel.

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Banana

The banana is an edible fruit, botanically a berry, produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.

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Calcium-activated potassium channel

Calcium-activated potassium channels are potassium channels gated by calcium, or are structurally or phylogenetically related to calcium gated channels.

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Cardiac arrhythmia

Cardiac arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow.

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment.

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Coconut

The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family).

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Concentration

In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture.

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Diarrhea

Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

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Dietary Reference Intake

The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) is a system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies (United States).

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Electric potential

An electric potential (also called the electric field potential or the electrostatic potential) is the amount of electric potential energy that a unitary point electric charge would have if located at any point in space, and is equal to the work done by an electric field in carrying a unit positive charge from infinity to that point.

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Electrolyte

An electrolyte (Etymology: Greek lytós able to be untied or loosened) is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.

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Eukaryote

A eukaryote (or or) is any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organelles enclosed within membranes.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Fruit

In botany, a fruit is a part of a flowering plant that derives from specific tissues of the flower, one or more ovaries, and in some cases accessory tissues.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

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Glycyrrhizin

Glycyrrhizin (or glycyrrhizic acid or glycyrrhizinic acid) is the chief sweet-tasting constituent of Glycyrrhiza glabra (liquorice) root.

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Hyperkalemia

Hyperkalemia (hyperkalaemia in British English, hyper- high; kalium, potassium; -emia, "in the blood") refers to the condition in which the concentration of the electrolyte potassium (K+) in the blood is elevated.

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Hypertension

Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure or arterial hypertension, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.

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Hypokalemia

Hypokalemia (American English) or hypokalaemia (British English), also hypopotassemia or hypopotassaemia (ICD-9), refers to the condition in which the concentration of potassium (K+) in the blood is low.

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Ileus

Ileus (from Greek εἰλεός eileós, "intestinal obstruction") is a disruption of the normal propulsive ability of the gastrointestinal tract.

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Intracellular

In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word intracellular means "inside the cell".

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Inward-rectifier potassium ion channel

Inwardly rectifying potassium channels (Kir, IRK) are a specific subset of potassium selective ion channels.

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Ion

An ion is an atom or a molecule in which the total number of electrons is not equal to the total number of protons, giving the atom or molecule a net positive or negative electrical charge.

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Ion transporter

In biology, an ion transporter, also called an ion pump, is a transmembrane protein that moves ions across a plasma membrane against their concentration gradient, in contrast to ion channels, where ions go through passive transport.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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Kidney stone

A kidney stone, also known as a renal calculus or nephrolith, is a solid piece of material which is formed in the kidneys from minerals in urine.

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Kiwifruit

The kiwifruit or Chinese gooseberry (sometimes shortened to kiwi) is the edible berry of a woody vine in the genus Actinidia.

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Membrane potential

Membrane potential (also transmembrane potential or membrane voltage) is the difference in electric potential between the interior and the exterior of a biological cell.

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Micronutrient

Micronutrients are nutrients required by humans and other organisms throughout life in small quantities to orchestrate a range of physiological functions.

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National Academy of Medicine

The National Academy of Medicine, known as the Institute of Medicine (IOM) until June 30, 2015, is an American non-profit, non-governmental organization founded in 1970, under the congressional charter of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Nervous tissue

Nervous tissue is the main component of the two parts of the nervous system; the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system (CNS), and the branching peripheral nerves of the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which regulates and controls bodily functions and activity.

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Neurotransmission

Neurotransmission (Latin: transmissio.

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Orange juice

Orange juice is the liquid extract of the fruit of the orange tree.

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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone.

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Parsnip

The parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) is a root vegetable closely related to the carrot and parsley.

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Potash

Potash is any of various mined and manufactured salts that contain potassium in water-soluble form.

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Potassium

Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (derived from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

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Potassium channel

In the field of cell biology, potassium channels are the most widely distributed type of ion channel and are found in virtually all living organisms.

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Potato

The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum L. The word "potato" may refer either to the plant itself or to the edible tuber.

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Prokaryote

A prokaryote is a single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus (karyon), mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.

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Renal failure

Renal failure, also known as kidney failure or renal insufficiency, is a medical condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter waste products from the blood.

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Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from New Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

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Stroke

Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cerebrovascular insult (CVI), or brain attack, is when poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

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Tandem pore domain potassium channel

The two-pore-domain potassium channel (not to be confused with the small family of two-pore channels) a family of 15 members form what is known as "leak channels" which possess Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz (open) rectification.

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Turnip

The turnip or white turnip (Brassica rapa subsp. rapa) is a root vegetable commonly grown in temperate climates worldwide for its white, bulbous taproot.

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Vegetable

In everyday usage, a vegetable is any part of a plant that is consumed by humans as food as part of a savoury meal.

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Voltage-gated potassium channel

Voltage-gated potassium channels are transmembrane channels specific for potassium and sensitive to voltage changes in the cell's membrane potential.

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X-ray crystallography

X-ray crystallography is a tool used for identifying the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.

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Redirects here:

K (biology), K ion (physiology).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potassium_in_biology

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