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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский;r; often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English. His names are also transliterated "Piotr" or "Petr"; "Ilitsch", "Il'ich" or "Illyich"; and "Tschaikowski", "Tschaikowsky", "Chajkovskij" and "Chaikovsky" (and other versions; the transliteration varies among languages). The Library of Congress standardized the usage Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky. tr. Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky; 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893),Russia was still using old style dates in the 19th century, rendering his lifespan as 25 April 1840 – 25 October 1893. [1]

228 relations: A Life for the Tsar, Académie des Beaux-Arts, Adele aus der Ohe, Adolphe Adam, Aleksey Apukhtin, Alexander Borodin, Alexander Glazunov, Alexander II of Russia, Alexander III of Russia, Alexander Nevsky Lavra, Alexander Ostrovsky, Alexander Serov, Alexandre Benois, Allan Kozinn, Anatoly Lyadov, Anthony Holden, Anton Rubinstein, Antonín Dvořák, Antonina Miliukova, Antonina W. Bouis, Battle of Poltava, Bayreuth, Belyayev circle, Boarding school, Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre, Bolshoi Theatre, Capriccio Italien, Carmen, Carnegie Hall, Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, César Cui, Cello, Cherevichki, Cholera, Christmas Eve (Gogol), Christmas Eve (opera), Civil service, Classical music, Claude Debussy, Coppélia, Cossacks, Counterpoint, Cultural history, Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project, Daniel Zhitomirsky, Das Rheingold, David Brown (musicologist), Désirée Artôt, Death of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Delirium tremens, ..., Depression (mood), Der Ring des Nibelungen, Doctor of Music, Eduard Hanslick, Eduard Nápravník, Eugène Scribe, Eugene Onegin (opera), Exoticism, Exposition Universelle (1878), Felix Mendelssohn, Francesca da Rimini (Tchaikovsky), Franz Lachner, Franz Liszt, French people, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Georges Bizet, Gerald Abraham, Germany, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Giselle, Glazov, Glossophobia, Hamlet (Tchaikovsky), Hans Keller, Hans von Bülow, Harmony, Harold C. Schonberg, Hector Berlioz, Henry Litolff, Herman Laroche, Hermann Kretzschmar, Homophobia, Homosexuality, House of Romanov, Igor Stravinsky, Imperial School of Jurisprudence, Intelligentsia, Italian opera, Ivan Lazhechnikov, Ivan Vsevolozhsky, Jascha Heifetz, Joachim Raff, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Strauss II, Johannes Brahms, Joseph Horowitz, Journalist, Jules Massenet, Key (music), Léo Delibes, Léon Bakst, Lent, Leon Botstein, Leonid Sabaneyev, Leopold Auer, Library of Congress, Libretto, Ludwig van Beethoven, Manfred Symphony, Marche Slave, Mariinsky Theatre, Marius Petipa, Mark Antokolsky, Max Erdmannsdörfer, Melody, Meter (music), Michael Steinberg (music critic), Mikhail Glinka, Mily Balakirev, Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Modest Mussorgsky, Modulation (music), Moscow Conservatory, Music criticism, Music journalism, Music theory, Musical form, Musical nationalism, Nadezhda von Meck, Nathan Milstein, Nationalism, Neoclassicism (music), New York Symphony Orchestra, Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov (painter), Nikolai Gogol, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai Rubinstein, Nikolai Zaremba, Octatonic scale, Ogg, Old Style and New Style dates, Orchestra, Orchestral Suite No. 3 (Tchaikovsky), Orchestration, Orchestrion, Order of St. Vladimir, P. Jurgenson, Paris, Pastiche, Pavlovsk Park, Peter the Great, Piano Concerto No. 1 (Tchaikovsky), Piano Trio (Tchaikovsky), Pitch (music), Polonaise, Princess Charlotte of Württemberg, Pump organ, Repetition (music), Rhythm, Richard Taruskin, Richard Wagner, Robert Schumann, Roland John Wiley, Romanization of Russian, Romantic music, Romeo and Juliet (Tchaikovsky), Russian Empire, Russian Museum, Russian Musical Society, Russian nobility, Russian ruble, Russian Symphony Concerts, Russians, Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg Conservatory, Salon music, Sequence (music), Serenade for Strings (Tchaikovsky), Sergei Diaghilev, Sergei Taneyev, Sonata form, Sound bite, Soviet Union, Stanley Sadie, Subject (music), Suicide, Swan Lake, Sylvia (ballet), Symphony, Symphony No. 1 (Tchaikovsky), Symphony No. 2 (Tchaikovsky), Symphony No. 3 (Tchaikovsky), Symphony No. 4 (Tchaikovsky), Symphony No. 5 (Tchaikovsky), Symphony No. 6 (Tchaikovsky), The Demon (opera), The Five (composers), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, The New York Times, The Nutcracker, The Oprichnik, The Queen of Spades (opera), The Rite of Spring, The Sleeping Beauty (ballet), The Voyevoda (opera), Thomas Edison, Tikhvin Cemetery, Tsar, Udmurtia, Undina (Tchaikovsky), University of California, Santa Barbara, University of Cambridge, Vakula the Smith, Variations on a Rococo Theme, Vasily Safonov, Violin Concerto (Tchaikovsky), Vladimir Davydov, Vladimir Stasov, Votkinsk, Vyatka Governorate, Waltz (music), Whole tone scale, Wilhelm Fitzenhagen, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Writer's block, Yelizaveta Lavrovskaya, 1812 Overture, 20th-century music. Expand index (178 more) »

A Life for the Tsar

A Life for the Tsar (Жизнь за царя, Zhizn' za tsarya), as it is known in English, although in Soviet times its name was Ivan Susanin (Иван Сусанин) is a "patriotic-heroic tragic opera" in four acts with an epilogue by Mikhail Glinka.

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Académie des Beaux-Arts

The Académie des Beaux-Arts (Academy of Fine Arts) is a French learned society.

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Adele aus der Ohe

Adele (Adelheit Johanne Auguste Hermine) aus der Ohe (11 February 18618 December 1937) was a German concert pianist and composer.

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Adolphe Adam

Adolphe Charles Adam (24 July 1803 – 3 May 1856) was a French composer and music critic.

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Aleksey Apukhtin

Aleksey Nikolayevich Apukhtin (a) (in Bolkhov – in St. Petersburg) was a Russian poet, writer and critic.

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Alexander Borodin

Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (a, 12 November 1833 – 27 February 1887) was a Russian Romantic composer of Georgian origin, doctor and chemist.

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Alexander Glazunov

Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov (10 August 1865 – 21 March 1936) was a Russian composer of the late Russian Romantic period, music teacher and conductor.

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Alexander II of Russia

Alexander II (p; in Moscow – in Saint Petersburg) was the Emperor of Russia from 2 March 1855 until his assassination in 1881.

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Alexander III of Russia

Alexander III (p), or Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov (p; 10 March 1845 – 1 November 1894) was the penultimate Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Prince of Finland from until his death on.

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Alexander Nevsky Lavra

Saint Alexander Nevsky Lavra or Saint Alexander Nevsky Monastery was founded by Peter I of Russia in 1710 at the eastern end of the Nevsky Prospekt in Saint Petersburg supposing that that was the site of the Neva Battle in 1240 when Alexander Nevsky, a prince, defeated the Swedes; however, the battle actually took place about away from that site.

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Alexander Ostrovsky

Alexander Nikolayevich Ostrovsky (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Остро́вский;, Moscow, Russian Empire, Shchelykovo, Kostroma, Russian Empire) was a Russian playwright, generally considered the greatest representative of the Russian realistic period.

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Alexander Serov

Alexander Nikolayevich Serov (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Серо́в, Saint Petersburg, – Saint Petersburg) was a Russian composer and music critic.

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Alexandre Benois

Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Бенуа́, also spelled Alexander Benois;,Salmina-Haskell, Larissa. Russian Paintings and Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum. pp. 15, 23-24. Published by Ashmolean Museum, 1989 Saint Petersburg9 February 1960, Paris), was an influential artist, art critic, historian, preservationist, and founding member of Mir iskusstva (World of Art), an art movement and magazine.

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Allan Kozinn

Allan Kozinn (born 28 July 1954) is an American journalist, music critic, and teacher.

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Anatoly Lyadov

Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov or Liadov (Анато́лий Константи́нович Ля́дов) was a Russian composer, teacher and conductor.

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Anthony Holden

Anthony Holden (born 22 May 1947) is an English writer, broadcaster and critic, particularly known as a biographer of artists including Shakespeare, Tchaikovsky, Leigh Hunt, Lorenzo da Ponte and Laurence Olivier, and of members of the British Royal family, notably Charles, Prince of Wales.

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Anton Rubinstein

Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein (r) was a Russian pianist, composer and conductor who became a pivotal figure in Russian culture when he founded the Saint Petersburg Conservatory.

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Antonín Dvořák

Antonín Leopold Dvořák (or;; September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer.

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Antonina Miliukova

Antonina Ivanovna Miliukova (Антонина Ивановна Милюкова) was the wife, and after 1893, the widow, of Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

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Antonina W. Bouis

Antonina W. Bouis is a literary translator from Russian to English.

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Battle of Poltava

The Battle of Poltava (Slaget vid Poltava; Полта́вская би́тва; Полта́вська би́тва) on 27 June 1709 (8 July, N.S.) was the decisive victory of Peter I of Russia, also known as Peter the Great, over the Swedish forces under Field Marshal Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld, in one of the battles of the Great Northern War.

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Bayreuth

Bayreuth is a sizeable town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Franconian Jura and the Fichtelgebirge Mountains.

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Belyayev circle

The Belyayev circle (Беляевский кружок) was a society of Russian musicians who met in Saint Petersburg, Russia between 1885 and 1908, and whose members included Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Alexander Glazunov, Vladimir Stasov, Anatoly Lyadov, Alexander Ossovsky, Witold Maliszewski, Nikolai Tcherepnin, Nikolay Sokolov, Alexander Winkler among others.

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Boarding school

A boarding school is a school where some or all pupils study and live during the school year with their fellow students and possibly teachers or principals.

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Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre

The Saint Petersburg Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre (The Big Stone Theatre of Saint Petersburg, Большой Каменный Театр) was a theatre in Saint Petersburg.

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Bolshoi Theatre

The Bolshoi Theatre (p) is a historic theatre in Moscow, Russia, designed by architect Joseph Bové, which holds performances of ballet and opera.

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Capriccio Italien

The Capriccio Italien, Op.

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Carmen

Carmen is an opera in four acts by the French composer Georges Bizet.

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Carnegie Hall

Carnegie Hall (also frequently or) is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park.

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Cathedral of Christ the Saviour

The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Храм Христа Спасителя, Khram Khrista Spasitelya) is a cathedral in Moscow, Russia, on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin.

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César Cui

César Antonovich Cui (Це́зарь Анто́нович Кюи́; 13 March 1918) was a Russian composer and music critic of French and Lithuanian descent.

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Cello

The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths.

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Cherevichki

Cherevichki (Черевички, Cherevichki, Čerevički, The Slippers) is a comic-fantastic opera in 4 acts, 8 scenes, by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

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Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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Christmas Eve (Gogol)

"Christmas Eve" (Ночь пе́ред Рождество́м, Noch pered Rozhdestvom, which literally translates as "The Night Before Christmas"), is the first story in the second volume of the collection Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka by Nikolai Gogol.

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Christmas Eve (opera)

Christmas Eve (Ночь перед Рождеством, Noch' pered Rozhdestvom), is an opera in four acts with music and libretto by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.

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Civil service

The term civil service can refer to either a branch of governmental service in which individuals are employed (hired) on the basis of professional merit as proven by competitive examinations; or the body of employees in any government agency apart from the military, which is a separate extension of any national government.

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Classical music

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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Claude Debussy

Claude-Achille Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.

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Coppélia

Coppélia is a comic ballet originally choreographed by Arthur Saint-Léon to the music of Léo Delibes, with libretto by Charles Nuitter.

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Cossacks

Cossacks (козаки́, koza'ky; казаки́ or каза́ки), kazaki are a group of predominantly East Slavic people who became known as members of autonomous, semi-military communities, predominantly located in Ukraine, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia.

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Counterpoint

In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are interdependent harmonically (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.

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Cultural history

Cultural history combines the approaches of anthropology and history to look at popular cultural traditions and cultural interpretations of historical experience.

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Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project

The Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project is a free digital collection maintained by the University of California, Santa Barbara Libraries with streaming and downloadable versions of over 10,000 phonograph cylinders manufactured between 1893 and the mid-1920s.

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Daniel Zhitomirsky

Daniel Zhitomirsky (22 Dec 1906 – 27 June 1992) was a Russian musicologist and music critic who specialized in the music of German composer Robert Schumann and the aesthetics of German Romanticism.

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Das Rheingold

Das Rheingold (The Rhinegold), WWV 86A, is the first of the four operas that constitute Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen ('The Ring of the Nibelung').

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David Brown (musicologist)

David Clifford Brown (born Gravesend, 8 July 1929, died 20 June 2014)Peter Le Huray 1980 was an English musicologist, most noteworthy for his major study of Tchaikovsky’s life and works.

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Désirée Artôt

Désirée Artôt (21 July 1835 – 3 April 1907) was a Belgian soprano (initially a mezzo-soprano), who was famed in German and Italian opera and sang mainly in Germany.

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Death of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

On,Russia was still using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style.

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Delirium tremens

Delirium tremens (DTs) is a state of confusion of rapid onset that is usually caused by withdrawal from alcohol.

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Depression (mood)

Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being.

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Der Ring des Nibelungen

(The Ring of the Nibelung), WWV 86, is a cycle of four epic operas by the German composer Richard Wagner.

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Doctor of Music

The Doctor of Music degree (D.Mus., D.M., Mus.D. or Mus.Doc.) is a higher doctorate awarded on the basis of a substantial portfolio of compositions and/or scholarly publications on music.

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Eduard Hanslick

Eduard Hanslick (11 September 18256 August 1904) was a German Bohemian music critic.

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Eduard Nápravník

Eduard Francevič Nápravník (Russian: Эдуа́рд Фра́нцевич Напра́вник; 24 August 1839 – 10 November 1916) was a Czech conductor and composer, who settled in Russia and is best known for his leading role in Russian musical life as the principal conductor of the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg for many decades.

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Eugène Scribe

Augustin Eugène Scribe (24 December 1791 – 20 February 1861) was a French dramatist and librettist.

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Eugene Onegin (opera)

Eugene Onegin, Op.

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Exoticism

Exoticism (from 'exotic') is a trend in European art and design, influenced by some ethnic groups or civilizations from the late 19th-century.

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Exposition Universelle (1878)

The third Paris World's Fair, called an Exposition Universelle in French, was held from 1 May through to 10 November 1878.

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Felix Mendelssohn

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period.

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Francesca da Rimini (Tchaikovsky)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's symphonic poem Francesca da Rimini: Symphonic Fantasy after Dante, Op.

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Franz Lachner

Franz Paul Lachner (2 April 1803 – 20 January 1890) was a German composer and conductor.

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Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt (Hungarian Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. (October 22, 1811July 31, 1886) was a 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, teacher and Franciscan tertiary. Liszt gained renown in Europe during the early nineteenth century for his virtuosic skill as a pianist. He was said by his contemporaries to have been the most technically advanced pianist of his age, and in the 1840s he was considered to be the greatest pianist of all time. Liszt was also a well-known and influential composer, piano teacher and conductor. He was a benefactor to other composers, including Richard Wagner, Hector Berlioz, Camille Saint-Saëns, Edvard Grieg and Alexander Borodin. As a composer, Liszt was one of the most prominent representatives of the New German School (Neudeutsche Schule). He left behind an extensive and diverse body of work in which he influenced his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated some 20th-century ideas and trends. Some of his most notable contributions were the invention of the symphonic poem, developing the concept of thematic transformation as part of his experiments in musical form, and making radical departures in harmony. He also played an important role in popularizing a wide array of music by transcribing it for piano.

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French people

The French (Français) are a nation and ethnic group who are identified with the country of France. This connection may be legal, historical, or cultural. Descending from peoples of Celtic (Gauls) origin, later mixing with Romance (Romans) and Germanic (Franks) origin, and having experienced a high rate of inward migration since the middle of the 19th century, modern French society can be considered a melting pot. France was still a patchwork of local customs and regional differences in the late 19th century, and besides the common speaking of the French language, the definition of some unified French culture is a complex issue. Some French have equated their nationality with citizenship, regardless of ethnicity or country of residence. Successive waves of immigrants during the 19th and 20th centuries were rapidly assimilated into French culture. Seeing itself as an inclusive nation with universal values, France has always valued and strongly advocated assimilation where immigrants were expected to adhere to French traditional values and cultural norms. However, despite the success of such assimilation, the French Government abandoned it in the mid-1980s encouraging immigrants to retain their distinctive cultures and traditions and requiring from them a mere integration. This "integrationist" policy has recently been called into question, for example, following the 2005 French riots in some troubled and impoverished immigrant suburbs. Most French people speak the French language as their mother tongue, but certain languages like Norman, Occitan, Corsican, Basque, French Flemish and Breton remain spoken in certain regions (see Language policy in France). In addition to mainland France, French people and people of French descent can be found internationally, in overseas departments and territories of France such as the French West Indies (French Caribbean), and in foreign countries with significant French-speaking population groups or not, such as Switzerland (French Swiss), the United States (French Americans), Canada (French Canadians), Argentina (French Argentines), Brazil (French Brazilians) or Uruguay (French Uruguayans), and some of them have a French cultural identity.

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Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky (a; 11 November 1821 – 9 February 1881), sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher.

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Georges Bizet

Georges Bizet (25 October 18383 June 1875), registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the romantic era.

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Gerald Abraham

Gerald Ernest Heal Abraham, CBE, FBA (9 March 1904 – 18 March 1988) was an English musicologist; he was President of the Royal Musical Association, 1970–74.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

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Giacomo Meyerbeer

Giacomo Meyerbeer (born Jacob Liebmann Beer; 5 September 1791 – 2 May 1864) was a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century.

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Giselle

Giselle (French: Giselle, ou les Wilis) is a romantic ballet in two acts.

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Glazov

Glazov (p; Глаз, Glaz) is a town in the Udmurt Republic, Russia, located along the Trans-Siberian Railway.

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Glossophobia

Glossophobia or speech anxiety is the fear of public speaking or of speaking in general.

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Hamlet (Tchaikovsky)

Shakespeare's Hamlet was the inspiration for two works by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: the overture-fantasia Hamlet, Op.

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Hans Keller

Hans (Heinrich) Keller (11 March 19196 November 1985) was an Austrian-born British musician and writer who made significant contributions to musicology and music criticism, as well as being an insightful commentator on such disparate fields as psychoanalysis and football.

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Hans von Bülow

Baron Hans Guido von Bülow (January 8, 1830February 12, 1894) was a German conductor, virtuoso pianist, and composer of the Romantic era.

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Harmony

In music, harmony is the use of simultaneous pitches (tones, notes), or chords.

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Harold C. Schonberg

Harold Charles Schonberg (November 29, 1915 – July 26, 2003) was an American music critic and journalist, most notably for The New York Times.

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Hector Berlioz

Hector Berlioz (11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique and Grande messe des morts (Requiem).

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Henry Litolff

Henry Charles Litolff (5 February 18185 or 6 August 1891) was a piano virtuoso, composer of Romantic music and music publisher.

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Herman Laroche

Herman Augustovich Laroche (German Avgustovich Larosh; also German Avgustovič Laroš; 25 May 1845 in Saint Petersburg – 18 October 1904) was a Russian critic of classical music and composer who was renowned throughout Moscow.

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Hermann Kretzschmar

August Ferdinand Hermann Kretzschmar (19 January 1848 – 10 May 1924) was a German musicologist and writer, and is considered a founder of interpretation in musical study.

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Homophobia

Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT).

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Homosexuality

Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

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House of Romanov

The House of Romanov (Рома́нов) was the second imperial dynasty, after the Rurik dynasty, to rule over Russia, which reigned from 1613 until the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, as a result of the February Revolution.

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Igor Stravinsky

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (sometimes spelled Strawinski, Strawinsky, or Stravinskii; ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian (and later, a naturalized French and American) composer, pianist and conductor.

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Imperial School of Jurisprudence

The Imperial School of Jurisprudence (Russian: Императорское училище правоведения) was, along with the Page Corps, the most prestigious school for boys in Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire.

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Intelligentsia

The intelligentsia (intellegentia, inteligencja, p) is a social class of people engaged in complex mental labour aimed at guiding or critiquing, or otherwise playing a leadership role in shaping a society's culture and politics.

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Italian opera

Italian opera is both the art of opera in Italy and opera in the Italian language.

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Ivan Lazhechnikov

Ivan Ivanovich Lazhechnikov (Ива́н Ива́нович Лаже́чников), September 25, 1792 – July 8, 1869, was a Russian writer.

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Ivan Vsevolozhsky

Ivan Alexandrovich Vsevolozhsky (Иван Александрович Всеволожской; 1835–1909) was the Director of the Imperial Theatres in Russia from 1881-98 and director of the Hermitage from 1899 to his death in 1909.

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Jascha Heifetz

Jascha Heifetz (– December 10, 1987) was a violinist, widely considered to be one of the finest violinists of modern times.

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Joachim Raff

Joseph Joachim Raff (May 27, 1822June 24 or June 25, 1882) was a German-Swiss composer, teacher and pianist.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period.

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Johann Strauss II

Johann Strauss II (October 25, 1825 – June 3, 1899), also known as Johann Strauss, Jr., the Younger, the Son (Sohn), Johann Baptist Strauss, was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas.

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Johannes Brahms

Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist.

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Joseph Horowitz

Joseph Horowitz (born 1948, New York City) is an American cultural historian whose seven books mainly deal with the institutional history of classical music in the United States.

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Journalist

A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information.

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Jules Massenet

Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet (12 May 184213 August 1912) was a French composer best known for his operas, of which he wrote more than thirty.

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Key (music)

In music theory, the key of a piece is the tonic note and chord which gives a subjective sense of arrival and rest.

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Léo Delibes

Clément Philibert Léo Delibes (21 February 1836 – 16 January 1891) was a French composer of ballets, operas, and other works for the stage.

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Léon Bakst

Léon Samoilovitch Bakst (Лео́н Никола́евич Бакст; 10 May 1866 – 28 December 1924) was a Russian painter and scene and costume designer.

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Lent

Lent (Latin: Quadragesima - English: Fortieth) is a solemn religious observance in the liturgical calendar of many Christian denominations that begins on Ash Wednesday and covers a period of approximately six weeks before Easter Sunday.

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Leon Botstein

Leon Botstein (born December 14, 1946 in Zürich, Switzerland) is a Swiss-born naturalized American conductor, scholar, and the President of Bard College.

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Leonid Sabaneyev

Leonid Leonidovich Sabaneyev or Sabaneyeff or Sabaneev (Леони́д Леони́дович Сабане́ев) (3 May 1968) was a Russian musicologist, music critic, composer and scientist.

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Leopold Auer

Leopold Auer ('Auer Lipót'; June 7, 1845July 15, 1930) was a Hungarian violinist, academic, conductor and composer.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Libretto

A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.

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Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 177026 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.

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Manfred Symphony

The Manfred Symphony in B minor, Op.

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Marche Slave

The Marche Slave in B-flat minor, Op. 31 (published as Slavonic March) or Serbo-Russian March (Словенски марш / Српско-руски марш, Slovenski marsh / Srpsko-ruski marsh, Славя́нский марш / Сербско-русский марш, Slavyanskiy marsh / Serbsko-russkiy marsh) or Slavic March is an orchestral Tone poem by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky published on October 1876.

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Mariinsky Theatre

The Mariinsky Theatre (Мариинский театр, Mariinskiy Teatr, also spelled Maryinsky, Mariyinsky) is a historic theatre of opera and ballet in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

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Marius Petipa

Marius Ivanovich Petipa (ru. Мариус Иванович Петипа), born Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa (11 March 1818) was a French ballet dancer, teacher and choreographer.

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Mark Antokolsky

Mark Matveyevich Antokolsky (Марк Матве́евич Антоко́льский in Russian; 2 November 184014 July 1902) was a Russian-Jewish sculptor who was admired for psychological complexity of his historical images but criticized for occasional lapses into sentimentalism.

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Max Erdmannsdörfer

Max Erdmannsdörfer (14 June 184814 February 1905) (sometimes seen as Max von Erdmannsdörfer) was a German conductor, pianist and composer.

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Melody

A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.

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Meter (music)

The meter (or metre) of music is its rhythmic structure, the patterns of accents heard in regularly recurring measures of stressed and unstressed beats (''arsis'' and ''thesis'') at the frequency of the music's pulse.

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Michael Steinberg (music critic)

Michael Steinberg (4 October 1928 – 26 July 2009) was an American music critic, musicologist, and writer best known, according to San Francisco Chronicle music critic Joshua Kosman, for "the illuminating, witty and often deeply personal notes he wrote for the San Francisco Symphony's program booklets, beginning in 1979." He contributed several entries to the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, wrote articles for music journals and magazine, notes for CDs, and published a number of books on music, both collected published annotations and new writings.

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Mikhail Glinka

Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Михаи́л Ива́нович Гли́нка) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music.

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Mily Balakirev

Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev (Ми́лий Алексе́евич Бала́кирев,; 2 January 1837 –)Russia was still using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style.

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Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Моде́ст Ильи́ч Чайко́вский; –) was a Russian dramatist, opera librettist and translator.

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Modest Mussorgsky

Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (p; –) was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five".

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Modulation (music)

In music, modulation is most commonly the act or process of changing from one key (tonic, or tonal center) to another.

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Moscow Conservatory

The Moscow Conservatory (Московская Государственная Консерватория им., Moscow State Conservatory P. I. Tchaikovsky) is a higher musical education institution in Moscow, and the second oldest conservatory in Russia after St. Petersburg Conservatory.

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Music criticism

The Oxford Companion to Music defines music criticism as 'the intellectual activity of formulating judgements on the value and degree of excellence of individual works of music, or whole groups or genres'.

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Music journalism

Music journalism (or "music criticism") is media criticism and reporting about popular music topics, including pop music, rock music and related styles.

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Music theory

Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music.

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Musical form

The term musical form (or musical architecture) refers to the overall structure or plan of a piece of music, and it describes the layout of a composition as divided into sections.

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Musical nationalism

Musical nationalism refers to the use of musical ideas or motifs that are identified with a specific country, region, or ethnicity, such as folk tunes and melodies, rhythms, and harmonies inspired by them.

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Nadezhda von Meck

Nadezhda Filaretovna von Meck (Надежда Филаретовна фон Мекк; 13 January 1894) was a Russian business woman who became an influential patron of the arts, especially music.

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Nathan Milstein

Nathan Mironovich Milstein (December 21, 1992) was a Russian Empire-born American virtuoso violinist.

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Nationalism

Nationalism is essentially a shared group feeling in the significance of a geographical and sometimes demographic region seeking independence for its culture and/or ethnicity that holds that group together, this can be expressed as a belief or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with, or becoming attached to, one's nation.

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Neoclassicism (music)

Neoclassicism in music was a twentieth-century trend, particularly current in the period between the two World Wars, in which composers sought to return to aesthetic precepts associated with the broadly defined concept of "classicism", namely order, balance, clarity, economy, and emotional restraint.

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New York Symphony Orchestra

The New York Symphony Orchestra was founded as the New York Symphony Society in New York City by Leopold Damrosch in 1878.

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Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov (painter)

Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov (Ukrainian: Микола Дмитрович Кузнецов; 2 December 1850 in Stepanovka, Kherson Governorate – 2 March 1929 in Sarajevo) was a Ukrainian painter and art professor.

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Nikolai Gogol

Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol (p; Мико́ла Васи́льович Го́голь, Mykola Vasyliovych Hohol; –) was a Russian dramatist, novelist and short story writer of Ukrainian ethnicity.

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Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.

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Nikolai Rubinstein

Nikolai Grigoryevich Rubinstein (Никола́й Григо́рьевич Рубинште́йн; &ndash) was a Russian pianist, conductor and composer.

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Nikolai Zaremba

Nikolai or Nicolaus Ivanovich von Zaremba was a Russian musical theorist, teacher and composer.

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Octatonic scale

An octatonic scale is any eight-note musical scale.

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Ogg

Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.

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Old Style and New Style dates

Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are sometimes used with dates to indicate whether the Julian year has been adjusted to start on 1 January (N.S.), even though documents written at the time use a different start of year (O.S.), or whether a date conforms to the Julian calendar (O.S.), formerly in use in many countries, rather than the Gregorian (N.S.). web page of the.

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Orchestra

An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble that contains sections of string (violin, viola, cello and double bass), brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments.

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Orchestral Suite No. 3 (Tchaikovsky)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky composed his Orchestral Suite No.

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Orchestration

Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for an orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for an orchestra music composed for another medium.

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Orchestrion

Orchestrion is a generic name for a machine that plays music and is designed to sound like an orchestra or band.

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Order of St. Vladimir

The Order of Saint Vladimir (Орден Святого Владимира) was an Imperial Russian Order established in 1782 by Empress Catherine II in memory of the deeds of Saint Vladimir, the Grand Prince and the Baptizer of the Kievan Rus.

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P. Jurgenson

P.

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Paris

Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.

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Pastiche

A pastiche is a work of visual art, literature, theatre, or music that imitates the style or character of the work of one or more other artists.

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Pavlovsk Park

The Pavlovsk Park (Павловский парк) is the park surrounding the Pavlovsk Palace, an 18th-century Russian Imperial residence built by Tsar Paul I of Russia near Saint Petersburg.

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Peter the Great

Peter the Great (ˈpʲɵtr vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪj), Peter I (ˈpʲɵtr ˈpʲɛrvɨj) or Peter Alexeyevich (p; –)Dates indicated by the letters "O.S." are in the Julian calendar with the start of year adjusted to the 1 January.

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Piano Concerto No. 1 (Tchaikovsky)

The Piano Concerto No.

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Piano Trio (Tchaikovsky)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Piano Trio in A minor, Op.

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Pitch (music)

Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.

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Polonaise

The polonaise (polonez) is a dance of Polish origin, in 3/4 time.

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Princess Charlotte of Württemberg

Princess Charlotte of Württemberg (9 January 1807 – 2 February 1873) was, as Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia, the wife of Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia.

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Pump organ

The pump organ or harmonium is a type of reed organ that generates sound with bellows.

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Repetition (music)

Repetition is important in music, where sounds or sequences are often repeated.

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Rhythm

Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any regular recurring motion, symmetry") generally means a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions".

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Richard Taruskin

Richard Taruskin (born 1945, New York) is an American musicologist, music historian, and critic who has written about the theory of performance, Russian music, 15th-century music, 20th-century music, nationalism, the theory of modernism, and analysis.

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Richard Wagner

Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is primarily known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").

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Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic.

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Roland John Wiley

Roland John Wiley is an American musicologist, instructor and consultant whose main area of focus is on 19th-century Russian music and ballet.

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Romanization of Russian

Romanization of the Russian alphabet is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic script into the Latin alphabet.

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Romantic music

Romantic music is a term denoting an era of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century.

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Romeo and Juliet (Tchaikovsky)

Romeo and Juliet, TH 42, ČW 39, is an orchestral work composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian orthography: Россійская Имперія, Modern Russian: Российская империя, translit: Rossiyskaya Imperiya) was a state that existed from 1721 until overthrown by the short-lived liberal February Revolution in 1917.

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Russian Museum

The State Russian Museum (formerly the Russian Museum of His Imperial Majesty Alexander III) is the largest depository of Russian fine art in Saint Petersburg.

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Russian Musical Society

The Russian Musical Society (RMS) (Русское музыкальное общество) was an organisation founded in 1859 by the Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna (a German-born aunt of Tsar Alexander II) and her protégé, pianist and composer Anton Rubinstein, with the intent of raising the standard of music in the country and disseminating musical education.

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Russian nobility

The Russian nobility (Дворянство Dvoryanstvo) arose in the 14th century and made up most of the Russian government until the February Revolution of 1917.

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Russian ruble

The ruble or rouble (рубль,, plural рубли́, rubli; see note on English spelling) (code: RUB) is the currency of Russia and the two partially recognized republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

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Russian Symphony Concerts

The Russian Symphony Concerts were a series of Russian classical music concerts hosted by timber magnate and musical philanthropist Mitrofan Belyayev in St. Petersburg as a forum for young Russian composers to have their orchestral works performed.

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Russians

Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Russia, who speak the Russian language and primarily live in Russia. They are the most numerous ethnic group in Russia constituting more than 80% of the country's population according to the census of 2010, and the most numerous ethnic group in Europe.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is the second largest city in Russia, politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city).

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Saint Petersburg Conservatory

The N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov Saint Petersburg State Conservatory (Санкт-Петербургская государственная консерватория имени Н. А. Римского-Корсакова) is a music school in Saint Petersburg.

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Salon music

Salon music was a popular music genre in Europe during the 19th century.

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Sequence (music)

In music, a sequence is the restatement of a motif or longer melodic (or harmonic) passage at a higher or lower pitch in the same voice.

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Serenade for Strings (Tchaikovsky)

Tchaikovsky's Serenade for Strings in C major, Op. 48, was composed in 1880.

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Sergei Diaghilev

Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (pron; 19 August 1929), usually referred to outside Russia as Serge, was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes, from which many famous dancers and choreographers would arise.

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Sergei Taneyev

Sergei Ivanovich Taneyev (Серге́й Ива́нович Тане́ев, Sergey Ivanovich Taneyev,; –) was a Russian composer, pianist, teacher of composition, music theorist and author.

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Sonata form

Sonata form (also sonata-allegro form or first movement form) is a large-scale musical structure used widely since the middle of the 18th century (the early Classical period).

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Sound bite

A sound bite is a short clip of speech or music extracted from a longer piece of audio, often used to promote or exemplify the full length piece.

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Soviet Union

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.

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Stanley Sadie

Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930, Wembley – 21 March 2005, Cossington, Somerset) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.

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Subject (music)

In music, a theme is the material, usually a recognizable melody, upon which part or all of a composition is based.

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Suicide

Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.

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Swan Lake

Swan Lake (Лебединое озеро/Lebedinoye ozero), Op. 20, is a ballet composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1875–76.

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Sylvia (ballet)

Sylvia, originally Sylvia, ou La nymphe de Diane, is a full-length ballet in two or three acts, first choreographed by Louis Mérante to music by Léo Delibes in 1876.

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Symphony

A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, most often written for orchestra.

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Symphony No. 1 (Tchaikovsky)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky wrote his Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 2 (Tchaikovsky)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 3 (Tchaikovsky)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 4 (Tchaikovsky)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 5 (Tchaikovsky)

The Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 6 (Tchaikovsky)

The Symphony No.

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The Demon (opera)

The Demon (Демон) is an opera in three acts (six scenes) by Russian composer Anton Rubinstein.

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The Five (composers)

The Five, also known as The Mighty Handful (Могучая кучка, Moguchaya kuchka), The Balakirev Circle, and The New Russian School, refers to a circle of composers who met in Saint Petersburg, Russia, in the years 1856–1870: Mily Balakirev (the leader), César Cui, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Borodin.

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The New Grove Dictionary of Opera

The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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The Nutcracker

The Nutcracker (Щелкунчик, Балет-феерия / Shchelkunchik, Balet-feyeriya; Casse-Noisette, ballet-féerie) is a two-act ballet, originally choreographed by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov with a score by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (op. 71).

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The Oprichnik

The Oprichnik or The Guardsman (Опричник, Oprichnik) is an opera in 4 acts, 5 scenes, by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840–1893) to his own libretto after the tragedy The Oprichniks (Опричники) by Ivan Lazhechnikov (1792–1869).

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The Queen of Spades (opera)

The Queen of Spades, Op.

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The Rite of Spring

The Rite of Spring (Le Sacre du printemps, '''«Весна священная»''', ''Vesna svyashchennaya''.) is a ballet and orchestral concert work by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky.

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The Sleeping Beauty (ballet)

The Sleeping Beauty (Спящая красавица / Spyashchaya krasavitsa) is a ballet in a prologue and three acts, first performed in 1890.

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The Voyevoda (opera)

The Voyevoda (Воевода, The Voyevoda), Op. 3, is an opera in 3 acts and 4 scenes, by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky with a libretto written by Alexander Ostrovsky and based on his play The Voyevoda (A Dream on the Volga).

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Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman.

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Tikhvin Cemetery

Tikhvin Cemetery (Тихвинское кладбище) is located at the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

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Tsar

Tsar (Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь (usually written thus with a tilde) or цар, цaрь; also Czar or Tzar in Latin alphabet languages) is a title used to designate certain European Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers.

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Udmurtia

Udmurtia (p; Удмуртия), or the Udmurt Republic (p; Удмурт Элькун) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).

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Undina (Tchaikovsky)

Undina (sometimes Undine or Ondine) (Ундина) is an opera in 3 acts by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

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University of California, Santa Barbara

The University of California, Santa Barbara (commonly referred to as UC Santa Barbara or UCSB) is a public research university and one of the 10 campuses of the University of California system.

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University of Cambridge

The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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Vakula the Smith

Vakula the Smith (Кузнец Вакула, Kuznets Vakula, Smith Vakula), Op.

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Variations on a Rococo Theme

The Variations on a Rococo Theme, Op.

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Vasily Safonov

Vasily Ilyich Safonov (Васи́лий Ильи́ч Сафо́нов, Vasi'lij Ilji'č Safo'nov; 6 February 185227 February 1918), also known as Wassily Safonoff, was a Russian pianist, teacher, conductor and composer.

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Violin Concerto (Tchaikovsky)

The Violin Concerto in D major, Op. 35, was written by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1878.

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Vladimir Davydov

Vladimir Davydov (–) was the second son of Lev and Alexandra Davidov and nephew, as well as lover, of the composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, who called him "Bob".

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Vladimir Stasov

Vladimir Vasilievich Stasov (sometimes transliterated as Stassov; Влади́мир Васи́льевич Ста́сов; 14 January 1824, Saint Petersburg – 23 October 1906, Saint Petersburg), son of Russian architect Vasily Petrovich Stasov (1769–1848), was probably the most respected Russian critic during his lifetime.

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Votkinsk

Votkinsk (Во́ткинск; Вотка, Votka) is an industrial town in the Udmurt Republic, Russia.

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Vyatka Governorate

Vyatka Governorate (Вятская губерния) was a governorate of the Russian Empire and USSR, with its capital in city Vyatka (now known as Kirov), from 1796 to 1929.

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Waltz (music)

A waltz (German: Walzer; French: Valse, Italian: Valzer, Spanish: Vals, Polish: Walc), probably deriving from German Ländler, is dance music in triple meter, often written in time signature 3/4.

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Whole tone scale

In music, a whole tone scale is a scale in which each note is separated from its neighbors by the interval of a whole step.

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Wilhelm Fitzenhagen

Wilhelm Karl Friedrich Fitzenhagen (Sept. 15, 1848 – Feb. 14, 1890), was a German cellist, composer and instructor, best known today as the dedicatee of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Variations on a Rococo Theme.

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (English see fn.; 27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era.

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Writer's block

Writer's block is a condition, primarily associated with writing, in which an author loses the ability to produce new work or experiences a creative slowdown.

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Yelizaveta Lavrovskaya

Yelizaveta Andreyevna Lavrovskaya (Елизавета Андреевна Лавровская; – February 4, 1919) was a Russian mezzo-soprano praised for her dramatic performances of operatic arias and her sensitive interpretations of lieder.

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1812 Overture

The Year 1812, festival overture in flat major, Op.

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20th-century music

20th-century music is defined by the sudden emergence of advanced technology for recording and distributing music as well as dramatic innovations in musical forms and styles.

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Redirects here:

Ilyich Tchaikovsky, P I Tchaikovski, P I Tchaikovsky, P. I Tschaikovsky, P. I. Tchaikovski, P. I. Tchaikovsky, P. I. Tschaikovsky, P.I. Tschaikovsky, Peter I Tchaikovsky, Peter I. Tchaikovski, Peter I. Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, Peter Illich Tchaikovsky, Peter Illich Tschaikowsky, Peter Illyich Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilyich Tchiakovsky, Peter Ilyich Tschaikowsky, Peter Ilyitch Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilyitch Tschaikovsky, Peter Tchaikovski, Peter Tchaikovsky, Peter Tschaikovsky, Peter Tschaikowsky, Petr Il'ic Cajkovskij, Petr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Petr Il’ic Cajkovskij, Petr chaikovskiy, Pietr Tchaikowsky, Piotr Czajkowski, Piotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilich Tschaikowsky, Piotr Ilitsch Tschaikowski, Piotr Iljicz Czajkowskij, Piotr Iljitsch Tchaikowsky, Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilyitch Tchaikovsky, Piotr Tchaikovsky, Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski, Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowsky, Pjotr Ilych Tchaikovsky, Pjotr Tjajkovskij, Pjotr Tšaikovski, Pyotr Chaikovsky, Pyotr Chaykovsky, Pyotr Il'ich Chaykovsky, Pyotr Il'yich Chaikovsky, Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Illich Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Illych Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich, Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikowsky, Pyotr Ilyich Tschaikovsky, Pyotr Il’ich Chaykovsky, Pyotr Il’yich Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Tchaikowsky, Pytor Il'yich Chaykovsky, Pëtr Ilyich Chaikovsky, Pëtr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Pëtr Il’ič Čajkovskij, Tchaichovsky, Tchaicovksy, Tchaicovski, Tchaicovsky, Tchaikofski, Tchaikofsky, Tchaikovasky, Tchaikovksy, Tchaikovski, Tchaikovsky, Tchaikowski, Tchaikowsky, Tchiachovski, Tchicovski, Tjajkovskij, Tschaicowsky, Tschaikovski, Tschaikovsky, Tschaikowski, Tschaikowsky, Tsjaikovskij, Tsjajkovskij, Čajkovskij, Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, Пётр Чайко́вский, Пётр Чайковский, Чайко́вский, Чайковский.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyotr_Ilyich_Tchaikovsky

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