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Pyramid scheme

A pyramid scheme is an unsustainable and often illegal business model that involves promising participants payment or services, primarily for enrolling other people into the scheme, rather than supplying any real investment or sale of products or services to the public. [1]

106 relations: Airplane game, Alan Harper (Two and a Half Men), Albania, Albanian Rebellion of 1997, Aman Futures Group, Australia, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Austria, Autosurf, Bank of Namibia, Belgium, Brazil, Brooklyn, BurnLounge, Business model, Bustin' Loose (film), Canada, Central Bank of Lesotho, Channel 4, Children of Invention, China, Colombia, Cork (city), Deandra Reynolds, Denmark, Dicky Eklund, Dominican Republic, Doug Heffernan, Estonia, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Trade Commission, France, Franchise fraud, Frank Reynolds (It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia), Galway, Gemology, Germany, High-yield investment program, Holiday Magic, Hong Kong, Hungary, I Married Marge, Iceland, Interfax-Ukraine, Iran, Ireland, It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, Italy, Japan, Kath & Kim, ..., King of the Hill, Kyiv Post, List of Peep Show characters, Lyoness, Madoff investment scandal, Make Money Fast, Malaysia, Melmoth the Wanderer, Mexico, Michael Scott (The Office), Money, Multi-level marketing, Munich, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Nouveau Riche (college), Pasto, Colombia, Peep Show (TV series), Philippines, Poland, Ponzi scheme, Popayán, Portugal, Product (business), Qnet, Republic of Ireland, Richard Prior, Romania, Russia, Santander de Quilichao, Service (economics), Shill, Sitcom, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Success University, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, The Cobra Group, The Fighter, The King of Queens, The Office (U.S. TV series), The Simpsons, Tumaco, Turkey, Two and a Half Men (season 8), Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Welcome to the N.H.K., WinCapita. Expand index (56 more) »

Airplane game

The Airplane game was a pyramid scheme active in the late 1980s in North America and Europe.

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Alan Harper (Two and a Half Men)

Alan Jerome Harper, and later Harper-Schmidt, DC, is a fictional character from the CBS situation comedy Two and a Half Men.

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Albania (or sometimes,; Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia, Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.

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Albanian Rebellion of 1997

The Albanian Rebellion of 1997, also known as the Albanian Unrest of 1997 (Rebelimi i vitit 1997), the Pyramid Crisis or (improperly) the Albanian Anarchy of 1997, was an uprising sparked by Ponzi scheme failures.

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Aman Futures Group

Aman Futures Group (simply referred as Aman Futures) was an investment and privately held company based in Malaysia with branches in the Philippines.

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Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

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Australian Competition and Consumer Commission

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) is an independent authority of the Australian government.

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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe.

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In the realm of Internet marketing, autosurfs are traffic exchanges that automatically rotate advertised websites in one's web browser.

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Bank of Namibia

The Bank of Namibia is the central bank of the Republic of Namibia, whose establishment is enshrined in Article 128 of the Namibian Constitution.

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Belgium (België; Belgique; Belgien), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe.

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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.

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Brooklyn is the most populous of New York City's five boroughs, with a Census-estimated 2,621,793 people in 2014.

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BurnLounge, Inc. was a multi-level marketing online music store founded in 2004 and based in New York City.

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Business model

A business model is an "abstract representation of an organization, be it conceptual, textual, and/or graphical, of all core interrelated architectural, co-operational, and financial arrangements designed and developed by an organization presently and in the future, as well as all core products and/or services the organization offers, or will offer, based on these arrangements that are needed to achieve its strategic goals and objectives."Al-Debei, M. M., El-Haddadeh, R., & Avison, D. (2008).

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Bustin' Loose (film)

Bustin' Loose is a film released by Universal Pictures in 1981 starring Richard Pryor as an ex-con who gets a second chance after violating his probation.

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Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

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Central Bank of Lesotho

The Central Bank of Lesotho is the central bank of Lesotho, in southern Africa.

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Channel 4

Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster which began transmission on 2 November 1982.

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Children of Invention

Children of Invention is an American independent feature film written and directed by Tze Chun.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and it shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.

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Cork (city)

Cork (from corcach, meaning "marsh") is a city in Ireland.

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Deandra Reynolds

Deandra "Sweet Dee" Reynolds, or "Dee", is a fictional character on the FX television series It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, She was played by Jordan Reid in the unaired pilot episode, and portrayed by Kaitlin Olson for the actual series.

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Denmark (Danmark) is a country in Northern Europe.

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Dicky Eklund

Richard "Dicky" Eklund, Jr. (born May 3, 1957) is an American former professional boxer in the Welterweight division.

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Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a country on the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region.

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Doug Heffernan

Douglas Steven "Doug" Heffernan is a fictional character in the American situation comedy The King of Queens.

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Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, which simultaneously serves as the nation's prime Federal law enforcement organization.

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Federal Trade Commission

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Franchise fraud

Franchise fraud is defined by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation as a pyramid scheme.

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Frank Reynolds (It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia)

Franklin "Frank" Reynolds is a fictional character on the FX television series It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia. Frank is the legal father of twins Dennis and Dee and the roommate as well as alleged biological father of Charlie.

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Galway (Gaillimh) is a city in the West of Ireland in the province of Connacht.

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Gemology or gemmology is the science dealing with natural and artificial gems and gemstones.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

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High-yield investment program

A high-yield investment program (HYIP) is a type of Ponzi scheme, an investment scam that promises unsustainably high return on investment by paying previous investors with the money invested by new investors.

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Holiday Magic

Holiday Magic was a multi-level marketing organization, founded in 1964, by William Penn Patrick (1930–1973) in the United States.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong, traditionally Hongkong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.

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Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

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I Married Marge

"I Married Marge" is the twelfth episode of The Simpsons' third season.

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Iceland is a Nordic island country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.

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The Interfax-Ukraine News Agency (Інтерфакс-Україна) is a Kiev-based Ukrainian news agency founded in 1992, the company belongs to the Russian news group Interfax Information Services.

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Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.

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It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia

It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia is an American television sitcom that premiered on FX on August 4, 2005, and moved to FXX beginning with the ninth season.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

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Kath & Kim

Kath & Kim is a character-driven Australian television situation comedy series created by Jane Turner and Gina Riley.

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King of the Hill

King of the Hill is an American adult animated sitcom created by Mike Judge and Greg Daniels that ran from January 12, 1997, to May 6, 2010 on Fox.

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Kyiv Post

The Kyiv Post is Ukraine's English-language newspaper.

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List of Peep Show characters

Peep Show is a British sitcom starring David Mitchell and Robert Webb.

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Since 2003, Lyoness has been the registered trademark name for a group of globally distributed (mostly privately owned, limited-liability) corporate structures, which originated in Austria.

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Madoff investment scandal

The Madoff Investment Scandal broke in December 2008, when former NASDAQ Chairman Bernard Madoff and founder of the Wall Street firm Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities LLC, admitted that the wealth management arm of his business was an elaborate Ponzi scheme.

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Make Money Fast

Make Money Fast (stylised as MAKE.MONEY.FAST) is a title of an electronically forwarded chain letter which became so infamous that the term is now used to describe all sorts of chain letters forwarded over the Internet, by e-mail spam or Usenet newsgroups.

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Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia.

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Melmoth the Wanderer

Melmoth the Wanderer is an 1820 Gothic novel by Irish playwright, novelist and clergyman Charles Maturin.

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Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.

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Michael Scott (The Office)

Michael Gary Scott is a fictional character in NBC's The Office, portrayed by Steve Carell and based on David Brent from the original British version of the program.

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Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context, or is easily converted to such a form.

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Multi-level marketing

Multi-Level Marketing (MLM) is a marketing strategy in which the sales force is compensated not only for sales they generate, but also for the sales of the other salespeople that they recruit.

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Munich (also in UK English; München,, Minga) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.

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Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country located in South Asia.

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The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.

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Nouveau Riche (college)

Nouveau Riche was a multi-level marketing company and a non-accredited vocational school specializing in real estate investing.

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Pasto, Colombia

Pasto (Colombia), officially San Juan de Pasto, is the capital of the department of Nariño, located in southern Colombia.

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Peep Show (TV series)

Peep Show is a British sitcom starring David Mitchell and Robert Webb.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.

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Ponzi scheme

A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investment operation where the operator, an individual or organization, pays returns to its investors from new capital paid to the operators by new investors, rather than from profit earned by the operator.

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Popayán is the capital of the Colombian department of Cauca.

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Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.

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Product (business)

In marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need.

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QNet ltd and QN Europe, formerly known as QuestNet, GoldQuest, and QI Limited, is a Hong Kong based direct selling company owned by the QI Group.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland.

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Richard Prior

Richard Prior is an English conductor, composer and professor of music.

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RomaniaIn English, Romania was formerly often spelled Rumania or sometimes Roumania.

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Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.

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Santander de Quilichao

Santander de Quilichao is a town and municipality in the Cauca Department, Colombia.

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Service (economics)

In economics, a service is an intangible commodity.

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A shill, also called a plant or a stooge, is a person who publicly helps a person or organization without disclosing that they have a close relationship with the person or organization.

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A situation comedy, often shortened to the portmanteau sitcom, is a genre of comedy that features characters sharing the same common environment, such as a home or workplace, with often humorous dialogue.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.

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Success University

Success University, founded in January 2005 by Matt Morris, is a privately held company based in Dallas, Texas.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.

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Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Thailand (or; ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (ราชอาณาจักรไทย), formerly known as Siam (สยาม), is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Mainland Southeast Asia.

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The Cobra Group

The Cobra Group is a door-to-door selling and marketing company headquartered in Hong Kong.

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The Fighter

The Fighter is a 2010 biographical sports drama film directed by David O. Russell, and starring Mark Wahlberg, Christian Bale, Amy Adams and Melissa Leo.

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The King of Queens

The King of Queens is an American sitcom that originally ran on CBS from September 21, 1998, to May 14, 2007.

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The Office (U.S. TV series)

The Office is an American television comedy series that aired on NBC from March 24, 2005 to May 16, 2013.

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The Simpsons

The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.

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Tumaco is a port city and municipality in the Nariño Department, Colombia, by the Pacific Ocean.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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Two and a Half Men (season 8)

The eighth season of Two and a Half Men premiered on September 20, 2010 in the United States & Canada; October 18, 2010 in Australia and on February 7, 2011 in the UK.

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Ukraine (Україна, tr. Ukraina) is a country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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Welcome to the N.H.K.

is a Japanese novel written by Tatsuhiko Takimoto, with a cover illustration by Yoshitoshi ABe, and was published by Kadokawa Shoten in Japan on January 28, 2002.

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WinCapita, previously WinClub and GiiClub, was a Finnish Internet-based Ponzi scheme, that advertised itself as a private investment club engaged in currency trading.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramid_scheme

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