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Railways Act 1921

The Railways Act 1921 (c. 55), also known as the Grouping Act, was an Act of Parliament enacted by the British government of David Lloyd George intended to stem the losses being made by many of the country's 120 railway companies, move the railways away from internal competition, and to retain some of the benefits which the country had derived from a Government-controlled railway during and after the Great War of 1914-1918. [1]

47 relations: Act of Parliament, Big Four (British railway companies), Cheshire, Cheshire Lines Committee, Command paper, David Lloyd George, Department for Transport, East Coast Main Line, Eric Campbell Geddes, Great Western Railway, H. F. Stephens, Hansard, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, Joint railway, Labour Party (UK), Lancashire, Light railway, Light Railways Act 1896, List of railway companies involved in the 1923 grouping, List of transport undertakings transferred to the London Passenger Transport Board, London and North Eastern Railway, London Passenger Transport Board, London, Brighton and South Coast Railway, London, Midland and Scottish Railway, Metropolitan Railway, Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway, Midland Main Line, Ministry of Transport, Nationalization, North Eastern Railway (United Kingdom), Rail transport in the United Kingdom, Railway Companies' Association, Reading (legislature), Royal assent, Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway, South Eastern Railway, UK, Southern Railway (UK), The Engineer (magazine), The Railway Magazine, Transport Act 1947, Underground Electric Railways Company of London, United Kingdom labour law, West Coast Main Line, White paper, World War I, World War II.

Act of Parliament

An Act of Parliament is a statute enacted as primary legislation by a national or sub-national parliament.

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Big Four (British railway companies)

The Big Four was a name used to describe the four largest railway companies in the United Kingdom in the period 1923–47.

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Cheshire

Cheshire (or; archaically the County Palatine of Chester; abbreviated Ches.) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Wales to the west (bordering Wrexham and Flintshire).

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Cheshire Lines Committee

The Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) was the second-largest joint railway in Great Britain, with 143 route miles.

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Command paper

A command paper is a document issued by the British government and presented to Parliament.

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David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman.

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Department for Transport

The Department for Transport (DfT) is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved.

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East Coast Main Line

The East Coast Main Line (ECML) is a railway link between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, Doncaster, Wakefield, Leeds, York, Darlington and Newcastle, electrified along the whole route.

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Eric Campbell Geddes

Sir Eric Campbell-Geddes GCB, GBE, PC (26 September 1875 – 22 June 1937) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.

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Great Western Railway

The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the midlands, the south-west and west of England and most of Wales.

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H. F. Stephens

Colonel Holman Fred Stephens (1868 – 23 October 1931) was a British light railway civil engineer and manager.

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Hansard

Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.

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House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which, like the House of Lords (the upper house), meets in the Palace of Westminster.

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House of Lords

The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Joint railway

A joint railway is a railway operating under the control of more than one railway company: those companies very often supplying the traction over the railway.

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Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.

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Lancashire

Lancashire (archaically the County Palatine of Lancaster; abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.

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Light railway

Light railway is a railway built at lower costs and to lower standards than typical "heavy rail"; it uses lighter-weight track, and is more steeply graded and tightly curved to avoid civil engineering costs.

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Light Railways Act 1896

The Light Railways Act 1896 (59 & 60 Vict. c.48) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (as it then was).

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List of railway companies involved in the 1923 grouping

Under the Railways Act 1921 the majority of the railway companies in Great Britain (along with a few in Northern Ireland) were grouped into four main companies, often termed the Big Four.

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List of transport undertakings transferred to the London Passenger Transport Board

The following is a list of the transport undertakings transferred to the London Passenger Transport Board under the terms of the London Passenger Transport Act 1933.

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London and North Eastern Railway

The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was the second largest of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the Railways Act 1921 in Britain.

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London Passenger Transport Board

The London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) was the organisation responsible for local public transport in London, UK, and its environs from 1933 to 1948.

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London, Brighton and South Coast Railway

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR; known also as "the Brighton line", "the Brighton Railway" or the Brighton) was a railway company in the United Kingdom from 1846 to 1922.

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London, Midland and Scottish Railway

The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)It has been argued that the initials LMSR should be used to be consistent with LNER, GWR and SR.

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Metropolitan Railway

The Metropolitan Railway (also known as the Met) was a passenger and goods railway that served London from 1863 to 1933, its main line heading north-west from the capital's financial heart in the City to what were to become the Middlesex suburbs.

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Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway

The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway, (M&GN) was a joint railway owned by the Midland Railway (MR) and the Great Northern Railway (GNR) in eastern England, affectionately known as the 'Muddle and Get Nowhere' to generations of passengers, enthusiasts, and other users.

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Midland Main Line

The Midland Main Line is a major railway in England from London's St. Pancras station to Sheffield, via Luton and Bedford in the East of England, and Kettering, Leicester, Loughborough, East Midlands Parkway, Derby/Nottingham and Chesterfield in the East Midlands.

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Ministry of Transport

A Ministry of Transport or Transportation is a ministry responsible for transportation within a country.

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Nationalization

Nationalisation (an alternative spelling is nationalization) is the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.

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North Eastern Railway (United Kingdom)

The North Eastern Railway (NER) was an English railway company.

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Rail transport in the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and previously consisted of Great Britain and the whole of Ireland.

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Railway Companies' Association

The Railway Companies' Association was a co-ordinating body for British railway companies from 1867 until nationalisation in 1948.

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Reading (legislature)

A reading of a bill is a debate on the bill held before the general body of a legislature, as opposed to before a committee or other group.

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Royal assent

Royal assent is the method by which a country's constitutional monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament, thus making it a law or letting it be promulgated as law.

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Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway

The Somerset & Dorset Joint Railway – almost always referred to as "the S&D" – was an English railway line connecting Bath in north east Somerset and Bournemouth now in south east Dorset but then in Hampshire, with a branch from Evercreech Junction to Burnham-on-Sea and Bridgwater.

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South Eastern Railway, UK

The South Eastern Railway (SER) was a railway company in south-eastern England from 1836 until 1922.

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Southern Railway (UK)

The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.

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The Engineer (magazine)

The Engineer is a London-based monthly magazine covering the latest developments and business news in engineering and technology in the UK and internationally.

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The Railway Magazine

The Railway Magazine is a monthly British railway magazine, aimed at the railway enthusiast market, that has been published in London since July 1897.

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Transport Act 1947

The Transport Act 1947 (c. 49) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Underground Electric Railways Company of London

The Underground Electric Railways Company of London Limited (UERL), known operationally as the Underground for much of its existence, was established in 1902.

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United Kingdom labour law

United Kingdom labour law regulates the relations between workers, employers and trade unions.

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West Coast Main Line

The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is a major inter-city railway route in the United Kingdom.

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White paper

A white paper is an authoritative report or guide informing readers in a concise manner about a complex issue and presenting the issuing body's philosophy on the matter.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Redirects here:

1923 Grouping, Grouping Act, Railway Act 1921, Railways Act 1922, The Grouping.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railways_Act_1921

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