Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
And Ads-free!

Retinol

Retinol is one of the animal forms of vitamin A. It is a diterpenoid and an alcohol. [1]

112 relations: Acne vulgaris, Acute myeloid leukemia, Acute promyelocytic leukemia, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Antarctica, B cell, Bioavailability, Biochemist, Bone, Butter, Butterfat, Carboxylic acid, Carotene, Carotenoid, Carotenosis, Carrot, Cellular differentiation, Cheese, Chemical synthesis, Chromophore, Chylomicron, Cis–trans isomerism, Cochrane Collaboration, Cod liver oil, Color vision, Cornea, Dairy product, David Adriaan van Dorp, Dendritic cell, Developing country, Dietary Reference Intake, Diterpene, Double bond, Egg (food), Elmer McCollum, Embryonic stem cell, Epithelium, Ester, Food Standards Agency, Fruit, Genetically modified organism, George Wald, Glycoprotein, Golden rice, Growth hormone, Haematopoiesis, Hepatocyte, Human gastrointestinal tract, Human iron metabolism, ..., Hydrolysis, Hypervitaminosis A, International unit, Intracellular, Isotretinoin, JAMA (journal), Keratin, Keratomalacia, Keratosis pilaris, Lafayette Mendel, Leaf vegetable, Liver, Liver (food), Lung cancer, Lymphocyte, Macrophage, Margarine, Marguerite Davis, Microgram, Milk, Motor neuron, Natural killer cell, Neutrophil granulocyte, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nutrition, Nyctalopia, Ommochrome, Opsin, Osteoporosis, Photopsin, Photoreceptor protein, Plant, Polyene, Postpartum depression, Protein precursor, Provitamin, Retina, Retinal, Retinoic acid, Retinoic acid receptor, Retinoid, Retinol binding protein, Retinyl acetate, Retinyl palmitate, Rhodopsin, Saturation (chemistry), Schiff base, Solubility, Spinach, Switzerland, T cell, Teratology, Terpenoid, Tooth, Tretinoin, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Vertebrate, Visual system, Vitamin A, Xavier Mertz, Xeroderma, Yale University. Expand index (62 more) »

Acne vulgaris

Acne vulgaris (or simply acne) is a long-term skin condition characterized by areas of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, greasy skin, and possibly scarring.

New!!: Retinol and Acne vulgaris · See more »

Acute myeloid leukemia

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), also known as acute myelogenous leukemia or acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL), is a cancer of the myeloid line of blood cells, characterized by the rapid growth of abnormal white blood cells that accumulate in the bone marrow and interfere with the production of normal blood cells.

New!!: Retinol and Acute myeloid leukemia · See more »

Acute promyelocytic leukemia

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APML, APL) is the M3 subtype of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), a cancer of the white blood cells.

New!!: Retinol and Acute promyelocytic leukemia · See more »

Alcohol

In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a saturated carbon atom.

New!!: Retinol and Alcohol · See more »

Aldehyde

An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a formyl group.

New!!: Retinol and Aldehyde · See more »

Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole.

New!!: Retinol and Antarctica · See more »

B cell

B cells, also known as B lymphocytes, are a type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype.

New!!: Retinol and B cell · See more »

Bioavailability

In pharmacology, bioavailability (BA) is a subcategory of absorption and is the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation, one of the principal pharmacokinetic properties of drugs.

New!!: Retinol and Bioavailability · See more »

Biochemist

Biochemists are scientists that are trained in biochemistry.

New!!: Retinol and Biochemist · See more »

Bone

A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebral skeleton.

New!!: Retinol and Bone · See more »

Butter

Butter is a solid dairy product made by churning fresh or fermented cream or milk, to separate the butterfat from the buttermilk.

New!!: Retinol and Butter · See more »

Butterfat

Butterfat or milkfat is the fatty portion of milk.

New!!: Retinol and Butterfat · See more »

Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(O)OH).

New!!: Retinol and Carboxylic acid · See more »

Carotene

The term carotene (also carotin, from the Latin carota, "carrot") is used for many related unsaturated hydrocarbon substances having the formula C40Hx, which are synthesized by plants but in general cannot be made by animals (with the sole known exception of some aphids and spider mites which acquired the synthetic genes from fungi).

New!!: Retinol and Carotene · See more »

Carotenoid

Carotenoids are organic pigments that are found in the chloroplasts and chromoplasts of plants and some other photosynthetic organisms, including some bacteria and some fungi.

New!!: Retinol and Carotenoid · See more »

Carotenosis

Carotenemia or carotenaemia (xanthaemia) is the presence of the orange pigment carotene in blood from excessive intake of carrots or other vegetables containing the pigment resulting in increased serum carotenoids.

New!!: Retinol and Carotenosis · See more »

Carrot

The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour, though purple, red, white, and yellow varieties exist.

New!!: Retinol and Carrot · See more »

Cellular differentiation

In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is Most commonly this is a less specialized type becoming a more specialized type, such as during cell growth.

New!!: Retinol and Cellular differentiation · See more »

Cheese

Cheese is a food derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.

New!!: Retinol and Cheese · See more »

Chemical synthesis

In chemistry, chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.

New!!: Retinol and Chemical synthesis · See more »

Chromophore

A chromophore is the part of a molecule responsible for its color.

New!!: Retinol and Chromophore · See more »

Chylomicron

Chylomicrons (from the Greek chylø, meaning juice or milky fluid, and micron, meaning small particle) are lipoprotein particles that consist of triglycerides (85–92%), phospholipids (6–12%), cholesterol (1–3%), and proteins (1–2%).

New!!: Retinol and Chylomicron · See more »

Cis–trans isomerism

Cis/trans isomerism (geometric isomerism, configurational isomerism) is a term used in organic chemistry to refer to the stereoisomerism engendered in the relative orientation of functional groups within a molecule.

New!!: Retinol and Cis–trans isomerism · See more »

Cochrane Collaboration

The Cochrane Collaboration is an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organization consisting of a group of more than 37,000 volunteers in more than 130 countries.

New!!: Retinol and Cochrane Collaboration · See more »

Cod liver oil

Cod liver oil is a nutritional supplement derived from liver of cod fish.

New!!: Retinol and Cod liver oil · See more »

Color vision

Color vision is the ability of an organism or machine to distinguish objects based on the wavelengths (or frequencies) of the light they reflect, emit, or transmit.

New!!: Retinol and Color vision · See more »

Cornea

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.

New!!: Retinol and Cornea · See more »

Dairy product

A dairy product or milk product is food produced from the milk of mammals.

New!!: Retinol and Dairy product · See more »

David Adriaan van Dorp

David 'Davy' Adriaan van Dorp (April 27, 1915 in Amsterdam – February 19, 1995 in Vlaardingen) was a Dutch chemist.

New!!: Retinol and David Adriaan van Dorp · See more »

Dendritic cell

Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen-presenting cells (also known as accessory cells) of the mammalian immune system.

New!!: Retinol and Dendritic cell · See more »

Developing country

A developing country, also called a less developed country or underdeveloped country, is a nation with an underdeveloped industrial base, and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

New!!: Retinol and Developing country · See more »

Dietary Reference Intake

The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) is a system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies (United States).

New!!: Retinol and Dietary Reference Intake · See more »

Diterpene

Diterpene, a type of terpene, is an organic compound composed of four isoprene units and has the molecular formula C20H32.

New!!: Retinol and Diterpene · See more »

Double bond

A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.

New!!: Retinol and Double bond · See more »

Egg (food)

Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.

New!!: Retinol and Egg (food) · See more »

Elmer McCollum

Elmer Verner McCollum ForMemRS (March 3, 1879 – November 15, 1967) was an American biochemist known for his work on the influence of diet on health.

New!!: Retinol and Elmer McCollum · See more »

Embryonic stem cell

Embryonic stem cells (ES cells) are pluripotent stem cells derived from the inner cell mass of a blastocyst, an early-stage preimplantation embryo.

New!!: Retinol and Embryonic stem cell · See more »

Epithelium

Epithelium (''epi-'' + ''thele'' + ''-ium'') is one of the four basic types of animal tissue.

New!!: Retinol and Epithelium · See more »

Ester

In chemistry, esters are chemical compounds derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one -OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an -O-alkyl (alkoxy) group.

New!!: Retinol and Ester · See more »

Food Standards Agency

The Food Standards Agency is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom.

New!!: Retinol and Food Standards Agency · See more »

Fruit

In botany, a fruit is a part of a flowering plant that derives from specific tissues of the flower, one or more ovaries, and in some cases accessory tissues.

New!!: Retinol and Fruit · See more »

Genetically modified organism

A genetically modified organism (GMO), also known as a transgenic organism, is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.

New!!: Retinol and Genetically modified organism · See more »

George Wald

George Wald (November 18, 1906 – April 12, 1997) was an American scientist who is best known for his work with pigments in the retina.

New!!: Retinol and George Wald · See more »

Glycoprotein

Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) covalently attached to polypeptide side-chains.

New!!: Retinol and Glycoprotein · See more »

Golden rice

"cultivar"/"strain".

New!!: Retinol and Golden rice · See more »

Growth hormone

Growth hormone (GH or HGH), also known as somatotropin or somatropin, is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction and regeneration in humans and other animals.

New!!: Retinol and Growth hormone · See more »

Haematopoiesis

Haematopoiesis (from Greek αἷμα, "blood" and ποιεῖν "to make"; also hematopoiesis in American English; sometimes also haemopoiesis or hemopoiesis) is the formation of blood cellular components.

New!!: Retinol and Haematopoiesis · See more »

Hepatocyte

A hepatocyte is a cell of the main parenchymal tissue of the liver.

New!!: Retinol and Hepatocyte · See more »

Human gastrointestinal tract

The human gastrointestinal tract, or GI tract, or GIT is an organ system responsible for consuming and digesting foodstuffs, absorbing nutrients, and expelling waste.

New!!: Retinol and Human gastrointestinal tract · See more »

Human iron metabolism

Human iron metabolism is the set of chemical reactions maintaining human homeostasis of iron at both the systemic and cellular level.

New!!: Retinol and Human iron metabolism · See more »

Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis usually means the cleavage of chemical bonds by the addition of water.

New!!: Retinol and Hydrolysis · See more »

Hypervitaminosis A

Hypervitaminosis A refers to the toxic effects of ingesting too much preformed vitamin A. Symptoms arise as a result of altered bone metabolism and altered metabolism of other fat-soluble vitamins.

New!!: Retinol and Hypervitaminosis A · See more »

International unit

In pharmacology, the international unit is a unit of measurement for the amount of a substance; the mass or volume that constitutes one international unit varies based on which substance is being measured, and the variance is based on the biological activity or effect, for the purpose of easier comparison across substances.

New!!: Retinol and International unit · See more »

Intracellular

In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word intracellular means "inside the cell".

New!!: Retinol and Intracellular · See more »

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin (INN) (etymology and pronunciation), also known as 13-cis retinoic acid and first marketed as Accutane by Hoffmann-La Roche, is an oral pharmaceutical drug primarily used to treat cystic acne.

New!!: Retinol and Isotretinoin · See more »

JAMA (journal)

JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.

New!!: Retinol and JAMA (journal) · See more »

Keratin

Keratin is a family of fibrous structural proteins.

New!!: Retinol and Keratin · See more »

Keratomalacia

Keratomalacia is an eye disorder that results from vitamin A deficiency.

New!!: Retinol and Keratomalacia · See more »

Keratosis pilaris

Keratosis pilaris (KP) (also follicular keratosis, lichen pilaris, or colloquially "chicken skin") is a common, autosomal dominant, genetic follicular condition characterized by the appearance of rough, slightly red, bumps on the skin.

New!!: Retinol and Keratosis pilaris · See more »

Lafayette Mendel

Lafayette Benedict Mendel (February 5, 1872 – December 9, 1935) was an American biochemist known for his work in nutrition including the study of Vitamin A, Vitamin B, lysine and tryptophan.

New!!: Retinol and Lafayette Mendel · See more »

Leaf vegetable

Leaf vegetables, also called potherbs, greens, vegetable greens, leafy greens or salad greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots.

New!!: Retinol and Leaf vegetable · See more »

Liver

The liver is a vital organ of vertebrates and some other animals.

New!!: Retinol and Liver · See more »

Liver (food)

The liver of mammals, fowl, and fish is commonly eaten as food by humans.

New!!: Retinol and Liver (food) · See more »

Lung cancer

Lung cancer, also known as carcinoma of the lung or pulmonary carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.

New!!: Retinol and Lung cancer · See more »

Lymphocyte

A lymphocyte is one of the three subtypes of white blood cell in a vertebrate's immune system.

New!!: Retinol and Lymphocyte · See more »

Macrophage

Macrophages (big eaters, from makros "large" + phagein "eat"; abbr. MΦ) are a type of white blood cell that engulfs and digests cellular debris, foreign substances, microbes, cancer cells, and anything else that does not have the types of proteins specific to the surface of healthy body cells on its surface in a process called phagocytosis.

New!!: Retinol and Macrophage · See more »

Margarine

Margarine is an imitation butter spread used for spreading, baking, and cooking.

New!!: Retinol and Margarine · See more »

Marguerite Davis

Marguerite Davis (September 16, 1887, Racine, Wisconsin - September 19, 1967, Racine, Wisconsin) was the co-discoverer of vitamins A and B with Elmer Verner McCollum in 1913.

New!!: Retinol and Marguerite Davis · See more »

Microgram

In the metric system, a microgram (µg; in the U.S. recommended when communicating medical information: mcg) is a unit of mass equal to one billionth of a kilogram, one millionth of a gram, or one thousandth of a milligram.

New!!: Retinol and Microgram · See more »

Milk

Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.

New!!: Retinol and Milk · See more »

Motor neuron

A motor neuron (or motoneuron) is a nerve cell (neuron) whose cell body is located in the spinal cord and whose fiber (axon) projects outside the spinal cord to directly or indirectly control muscles.

New!!: Retinol and Motor neuron · See more »

Natural killer cell

Natural killer cells or NK cells are a type of cytotoxic lymphocyte critical to the innate immune system.

New!!: Retinol and Natural killer cell · See more »

Neutrophil granulocyte

Neutrophil granulocytes (also known as neutrophils) are the most abundant (40% to 75%) type of white blood cells in most mammals and form an essential part of the innate immune system.

New!!: Retinol and Neutrophil granulocyte · See more »

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin) administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

New!!: Retinol and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine · See more »

Nutrition

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food (e.g. phytonutrients, anthocyanins, tannins, etc.) in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.

New!!: Retinol and Nutrition · See more »

Nyctalopia

Nyctalopia (from Greek νύκτ-, nykt- "night"; αλαός, alaos "blind, not seeing", and ὄψ, ops "eye"), also called night-blindness, is a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in relatively low light.

New!!: Retinol and Nyctalopia · See more »

Ommochrome

Ommochrome (or visual pigment) refers to several biological pigments that occur in the eyes of crustaceans and insects.

New!!: Retinol and Ommochrome · See more »

Opsin

Opsins are a group of light-sensitive proteins found in photoreceptor cells of the retina.

New!!: Retinol and Opsin · See more »

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone.

New!!: Retinol and Osteoporosis · See more »

Photopsin

Photopsins (also known as Cone opsins) are the photoreceptor proteins found in the cone cells of the retina that are the basis of color vision.

New!!: Retinol and Photopsin · See more »

Photoreceptor protein

Photoreceptor proteins are light-sensitive proteins involved in the sensing and response to light in a variety of organisms.

New!!: Retinol and Photoreceptor protein · See more »

Plant

Plants, also called green plants, are multicellular eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

New!!: Retinol and Plant · See more »

Polyene

Polyenes are poly-unsaturated organic compounds that contain one or more sequences of alternating double and single carbon–carbon bonds.

New!!: Retinol and Polyene · See more »

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression (PPD), also called postnatal depression, is a type of clinical depression which can affect both sexes after childbirth.

New!!: Retinol and Postpartum depression · See more »

Protein precursor

A protein precursor, also called a pro-protein or pro-peptide, is an inactive protein (or peptide) that can be turned into an active form by posttranslational modification.

New!!: Retinol and Protein precursor · See more »

Provitamin

A provitamin is a substance that may be converted within the body to a vitamin.

New!!: Retinol and Provitamin · See more »

Retina

The retina (pl. retinae,; from Latin rēte, meaning "net") is the third and inner coat of the eye which is a light-sensitive layer of tissue.

New!!: Retinol and Retina · See more »

Retinal

Retinal, also called retinaldehyde or vitamin A aldehyde, is one of the many forms of vitamin A (the number of which varies from species to species).

New!!: Retinol and Retinal · See more »

Retinoic acid

Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A (retinol) that mediates the functions of vitamin A required for growth and development.

New!!: Retinol and Retinoic acid · See more »

Retinoic acid receptor

The retinoic acid receptor (RAR) is a type of nuclear receptor which can also act as a transcription factor that is activated by both all-trans retinoic acid and 9-cis retinoic acid.

New!!: Retinol and Retinoic acid receptor · See more »

Retinoid

The retinoids are a class of chemical compounds that are vitamers of vitamin A or are chemically related to it.

New!!: Retinol and Retinoid · See more »

Retinol binding protein

Retinol-binding proteins (RBP) are a family of proteins with diverse functions.

New!!: Retinol and Retinol binding protein · See more »

Retinyl acetate

Retinyl acetate (retinol acetate, vitamin A acetate) is a natural form of vitamin A which is the acetate ester of retinol.

New!!: Retinol and Retinyl acetate · See more »

Retinyl palmitate

Retinyl palmitate, or vitamin A palmitate, is the ester of retinol (vitamin A) and palmitic acid, with formula C36H60O2.

New!!: Retinol and Retinyl palmitate · See more »

Rhodopsin

Rhodopsin, also known as visual purple, from Ancient Greek ῥόδον (rhódon, “rose”), due to its pinkish color, and ὄψις (ópsis, “sight”), is a light-sensitive receptor protein.

New!!: Retinol and Rhodopsin · See more »

Saturation (chemistry)

In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, meaning to fill) has diverse meanings, all based on reaching a maximum capacity.

New!!: Retinol and Saturation (chemistry) · See more »

Schiff base

A Schiff base, named after Hugo Schiff, is a compound with the general structure R2C.

New!!: Retinol and Schiff base · See more »

Solubility

Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent to form a solution of the solute in the solvent.

New!!: Retinol and Solubility · See more »

Spinach

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an edible flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae native to central and western Asia.

New!!: Retinol and Spinach · See more »

Switzerland

Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.

New!!: Retinol and Switzerland · See more »

T cell

T cells or T lymphocytes are a type of lymphocyte (in turn, a type of white blood cell) that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity.

New!!: Retinol and T cell · See more »

Teratology

Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.

New!!: Retinol and Teratology · See more »

Terpenoid

The terpenoids, sometimes called isoprenoids, are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic chemicals similar to terpenes, derived from five-carbon isoprene units assembled and modified in thousands of ways.

New!!: Retinol and Terpenoid · See more »

Tooth

A tooth (plural teeth) is a small, calcified, whitish structure found in the jaws (or mouths) of many vertebrates and used to break down food.

New!!: Retinol and Tooth · See more »

Tretinoin

Tretinoin (etymology and pronunciation) is retinoic acid in pharmaceutical form.

New!!: Retinol and Tretinoin · See more »

University of Wisconsin–Madison

The University of Wisconsin–Madison (also known as University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, "UW", or regionally as, UW–Madison, or simply Madison) is a public research university located in Madison, Wisconsin, United States.

New!!: Retinol and University of Wisconsin–Madison · See more »

Vertebrate

Vertebrates comprise any species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

New!!: Retinol and Vertebrate · See more »

Visual system

The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions.

New!!: Retinol and Visual system · See more »

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds, that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids, and beta-carotene.

New!!: Retinol and Vitamin A · See more »

Xavier Mertz

Xavier Mertz (6 October 1882 – 8 January 1913) was a Swiss explorer, mountaineer and skier, from Basel.

New!!: Retinol and Xavier Mertz · See more »

Xeroderma

Xeroderma or xerodermia (also known as xerosis cutis), derived from the Greek words for "dry skin", is a condition involving the integumentary system, which in most cases can safely be treated with emollients or moisturizers.

New!!: Retinol and Xeroderma · See more »

Yale University

Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

New!!: Retinol and Yale University · See more »

Redirects here:

ATC code A11CA01, ATC code D10AD02, ATC code R01AX02, ATC code S01XA02, ATCvet code QA11CA01, ATCvet code QD10AD02, ATCvet code QR01AX02, ATCvet code QS01XA02, Afaxin, Alphalin, Polar bear liver, Retinol equivalent, Retinol metabolism, Retinol-binding proteins, Trans retinol, Vi-dom-a, Vitamin A1, Vitamin a solubilized.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retinol

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »