235 relations: African American, African-American music, Ain't Nobody's Business, Ain't That a Shame, Al Hibbler, Alan Freed, Alexis Korner, All Shook Up, AllMusic, Atlantic Records, Bandleader, Bass guitar, Beat (music), Beat music, Belfast, Bell pattern, Berry Gordy, Big Bill Broonzy, Big Joe Turner, Big Mama Thornton, Bill Black, Billboard (magazine), Billy Wright (musician), Birmingham, Blue Suede Shoes, Blue-eyed soul, Blues, Bo Diddley, Bobby Womack, Bongo drum, Boogie-woogie, British Invasion, British rhythm and blues, Brook Benton, Cab Calloway, Cakewalk, Carl Perkins, Carla Thomas, Cell (music), Chain Gang (song), Chess Records, Chicago, Chitlin' circuit, Chubby Checker, Chuck Berry, Classical music, Clave (rhythm), Claves, Cleveland, Cold War, ..., Condé Nast, Conga, Contemporary R&B, Contradanza, Count Basie, Country music, Crying in the Chapel, Dance music, Dave Bartholomew, Della Reese, Detroit, Disco, Don't Knock the Rock, Doo-wop, Drum kit, Electric blues, Electric guitar, Elvis Presley, Eric Clapton, Fats Domino, Faye Adams, Folk club, Frank Sinatra, Frankie Lymon, French horn, Funk, Garage rock, Georgie Fame, Gerhard Kubik, Good Rocking Tonight, Gospel music, Great Migration (African American), Guajeo, Hammond organ, Hard rock, Harlem Hamfats, Hearts of Stone, Hip hop music, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Hound Dog (song), Human voice, I Got a Woman, Ida Red, Illinois Jacquet, Imperial Records, It's All Over Now, Jailhouse Rock (song), James Brown, Jazz, Jeff Beck, Jelly Roll Morton, Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, Jerry Wexler, Jimmy Page, Jimmy Witherspoon, Johnny Otis, Jump blues, King Records (United States), Last Night (Mar-Keys composition), Lawdy Miss Clawdy, Leonard Chess, Leroy Carr, List of artists who reached number one on the Billboard R&B chart, List of Billboard number-one rhythm and blues hits, List of R&B musicians, Little Richard, Liverpool, Lloyd Price, London, Long Tall Sally, Lonnie Johnson (musician), Los Angeles, Louis Jordan, Mambo (music), Manfred Mann, Maraca, Mariah Carey, Maybellene, Memphis soul, Michael Jackson, Mod (subculture), Mod revival, Mona Lisa (Nat King Cole song), Motown, Music genre, Music of the United States, Nat King Cole, Ned Sublette, Neo soul, New Orleans, New Orleans rhythm and blues, New York, New York City, Newark, New Jersey, Newcastle upon Tyne, Otis Redding, Paul Gayten, Paul Williams (saxophonist), Peter Green (musician), Piano, Pop music, Popular music, Professor Longhair, Progressive rock, Psychedelic rock, Pub rock (United Kingdom), R. Kelly, Ragtime, Ray Charles, RCA Records, Reggae, Religious music, Rhythm and Blues Foundation, Ring shout, Robert Palmer (writer), Rock and roll, Rock Around the Clock (film), Rock music, Rockabilly, Rolling Stone, Roy Brown (blues musician), Ruth Brown, Sam Cooke, Saturday Night Fish Fry, Savoy Records, Saxophone, Second line (parades), Sh-Boom, Shirley Goodman, Shop Around, Ska, Skiffle, Small Faces, Smooth jazz, Son (music), Sonny Thompson, Soul music, Spanish Tinge, Specialty Records, Stagger Lee, Stax Records, Stevie Wonder, Sub-Saharan African music traditions, T-Bone Walker, Teardrops from My Eyes, The Animals, The Beatles, The Chords (American band), The Clovers, The Creation (band), The Graham Bond Organisation, The Kinks, The Mar-Keys, The Miracles, The Moody Blues, The New Yorker, The Orioles, The Pretty Things, The Rolling Stones, The Rolling Stones (album), The Spaniels, The Spencer Davis Group, The Twist (song), The Village Voice, The Who, The Yardbirds, Them (band), Tony Bennett, Too Young (Sidney Lippman and Sylvia Dee song), Trad jazz, Tresillo (rhythm), Tutti Frutti (song), Tympany Five, Umbrella term, United States, Urban contemporary gospel, Vocal harmony, What a Dream, White people, Whitney Houston, WKNR, Wynonie Harris, Wynton Marsalis, Zoot Money, (The) Rock and Roll Waltz. Expand index (185 more) » « Shrink index
African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.
African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of musics and musical genres largely developed by African Americans.
"Ain't Nobody's Business" (originally "Tain't Nobody's Biz-ness if I Do") is a 1920s blues song that became one of the first blues standards.
"Ain't That a Shame" is a song written by Fats Domino and Dave Bartholomew.
Albert George "Al" Hibbler (August 16, 1915 – April 24, 2001) was an American baritone vocalist, who sang with Duke Ellington's orchestra before having several pop hits as a solo artist.
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Albert James "Alan" Freed (December 15, 1921 – January 20, 1965), also known as Moondog, was an American disc jockey.
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Alexis Korner (19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984) was a British blues musician and radio broadcaster, who has sometimes been referred to as "a founding father of British blues".
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"All Shook Up" is a song recorded by Elvis Presley and published by Elvis Presley Music and composed by Otis Blackwell.
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AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide or AMG) is an online music guide service website.
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Atlantic Records (also still historically known as Atlantic Recording Corporation) is a major American record label best known for its numerous recordings of rhythm and blues, rock and roll, jazz, and hip hop.
A bandleader is the leader of a band of musicians.
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The bass guitar (also called electric bass, or simply bass) is a stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers or thumb, by plucking, slapping, popping, (rarely) strumming, tapping, thumping, or picking with a plectrum, often known as a pick.
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In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).
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Beat music, British beat, or Merseybeat (after bands from Liverpool and nearby areas beside the River Mersey) is a pop and rock music genre that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s.
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Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland (United Kingdom).
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A bell pattern is a rhythmic pattern, often a ''key pattern'' (also known as a guide pattern, phrasing referent, timeline, or asymmetrical timelineKubik, Gerhard (1999: 54) Africa and the Blues. Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1-57806-145-8.), struck on an Idiophone, in most cases, a metal bell, such as an agogô, gankoqui, or cowbell, or a hollowed piece of wood, or wooden claves.
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Berry Gordy, Jr. (born November 28, 1929) is an American record producer and songwriter.
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Big Bill Broonzy (June 26, 1893 – August 14 or 15, 1958) was a prolific American blues singer, songwriter and guitarist.
Joseph Vernon "Joe" Turner, Jr. (May 18, 1911 – November 24, 1985), best known as Big Joe Turner, was an American blues shouter from Kansas City, Missouri, United States.
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Willie Mae "Big Mama" Thornton (December 11, 1926 – July 25, 1984) was an American rhythm and blues singer and songwriter.
William Patton "Bill" Black, Jr. (September 17, 1926 – October 21, 1965) was an American musician and bandleader who is noted as one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.
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Billboard (stylized as billboard) is an American music magazine, originally headquartered in New York City, New York and now owned by Prometheus Global Media.
Billy Wright (May 21, 1932 – October 28, 1991) was an American jump blues singer.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
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"Blue Suede Shoes" is a rock and roll standard written and first recorded by Carl Perkins in 1955 and is considered one of the first rockabilly (rock and roll) records and incorporated elements of blues, country and pop music of the time.
Blue-eyed soul (also known as white soul) is a term sometimes used for rhythm and blues and soul music performed by white artists.
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Blues is a genre and musical form that originated in African-American communities in the "Deep South" of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
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Bo Diddley (December 30, 1928 – June 2, 2008), born Ellas Otha Bates but changed to Ellas McDaniel, was an American R&B and Chicago Blues vocalist and guitarist.
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Robert Dwayne "Bobby" Womack (March 4, 1944 – June 27, 2014) was an American singer-songwriter and musician, and producer.
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Bongos (Spanish: bongó) are an Afro-Cuban percussion instrument consisting of a pair of small open bottomed drums of different sizes.
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Boogie-woogie is a musical genre that became popular during the late 1920s, but developed in African American communities in the 1870s.
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The British Invasion was a phenomenon that occurred in the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom, as well as other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States, and significant to the rising "counterculture" on both sides of the Atlantic.
British rhythm and blues (or R&B) was a musical movement that developed in the United Kingdom between the late 1950s and the early 1960s, and reached a peak in the mid-1960s.
Brook Benton, born Benjamin Franklin Peay, (September 19, 1931 – April 9, 1988) was an American singer and songwriter who was popular with rock and roll, rhythm and blues, and pop music audiences during the late 1950s and early 1960s, when he scored hits such as "It's Just A Matter of Time" and "Endlessly", many of which he co-wrote.
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Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (December 25, 1907 – November 18, 1994) was an American jazz singer and bandleader.
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The Cake-Walk or Cakewalk was a dance developed from the "Prize Walks" held in the late 19th century, generally at get-togethers on slave plantations in the Southern United States.
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Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998)Pareles. was an American singer-songwriter who recorded most notably at Sun Records Studio in Memphis, Tennessee, beginning in 1954.
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Carla Venita Thomas (born December 21, 1942, Memphis, Tennessee, United States) is an American singer, who is often referred to as the Queen of Memphis Soul.
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The 1957 Encyclopédie Laroussequoted in Nattiez, Jean-Jacques (1990).
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"Chain Gang" is a song by American singer-songwriter Sam Cooke, released on July 26, 1960.
Chess Records was an American record company based in Chicago, Illinois, whose catalogue is owned currently by parent company Universal Music Group, with the catalogue managed by Geffen Records.
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Chicago is the third most populous city in the United States.
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The "Chitlin' Circuit" is the collective name given to the string of performance venues throughout the eastern, southern, and upper mid-west areas of the United States that were safe and acceptable for African American musicians, comedians, and other entertainers to perform in during the age of racial segregation in the United States (from at least the early 19th century through the 1960s).
Chubby Checker (born Ernest Evans, October 3, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter.
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Charles Edward Anderson "Chuck" Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.
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Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
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The clave rhythmic pattern is used as a tool for temporal organization in Afro-Cuban music, such as abakúa, rumba, conga de comparsa, son, son montuno, mambo, salsa, Latin jazz, songo and timba.
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Claves (Anglicized pronunciation) are a percussion instrument (idiophone), consisting of a pair of short (about, thick dowels. Traditionally they are made of wood, typically rosewood, ebony or grenadilla. In modern times they are also made of fibreglass or plastics. When struck they produce a bright clicking noise. Claves are sometimes hollow and carved in the middle to amplify the sound. Claves are very important in Cuban music, such as the son and guaguancó. They are often used to play a repeating rhythmic figure throughout a piece, known as ''clave'', a key pattern (or guide-pattern, timeline patter, phrasing referent, bell pattern) that is also found in African music and Brazilian music. Among the better known rock recordings featuring claves are the Beatles' recording "And I Love Her," and "Magic Bus" by the Who. Steve Reich's Music for Pieces of Wood is written for five pairs of claves. The Cuban Overture of George Gershwin includes claves.
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Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state.
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The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact).
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Condé Nast, a division of Advance Publications, is a mass media company headquartered at One World Trade Center in New York City.
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The conga, also known as tumbadora, is a tall, narrow, single-headed drum from Cuba.
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Contemporary R&B, also known as simply R&B, is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, soul, funk, pop, hip hop and dance.
Contradanza (also called contradanza criolla, danza, danza criolla, or habanera) is the Spanish and Spanish-American version of the contradanse, which was an internationally popular style of music and dance in the 18th century, derived from the English country dance and adopted at the court of France.
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William James "Count" Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.
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Country music is a genre of American popular music that originated in the Southern United States in the 1920s.
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"Crying in the Chapel" is a song written by Artie Glenn for his son Darrell to sing.
Dance music is music composed specifically to facilitate or accompany dancing.
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David Louis "Dave" Bartholomew (born December 24, 1918) is an American musician, band leader, composer, arranger and record producer, prominent in the music of New Orleans throughout the second half of the 20th century.
Della Reese (born Delloreese Patricia Early; July 6, 1931), is an American singer, actress, game show panelist of the 1970s, one-time talk-show hostess and ordained minister.
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Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the largest city on the United States–Canada border.
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Disco is a genre of dance music containing elements of funk, soul, pop, and salsa that was most popular in the mid to late 1970s, though it has had brief resurgences.
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Don't Knock the Rock is a 1956 American musical film starring Alan Dale.
Doo-wop is a genre of music that was developed in African-American communities in New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Baltimore, Newark, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Detroit, Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s.
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A drum kit, drum set, trap set, or just drums is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments set up to be played/struck by a single player.
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Electric blues refers to any type of blues music distinguished by the use of electric amplification for musical instruments.
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An electric guitar is a guitar that uses a pickup to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical impulses.
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Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.
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Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.
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Antoine "Fats" Domino, Jr. (born February 26, 1928) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter.
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Faye Adams (born Fanny Tuell, May 22, 1923) is an American singer who recorded rhythm and blues in the 1950s before retiring from the music business.
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A folk club is a regular event, permanent venue, or section of a venue devoted to folk music and traditional music.
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Francis Albert "Frank" Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, director, and film producer.
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Franklin Joseph "Frankie" Lymon (September 30, 1942 – February 27, 1968) was an American rock and roll/rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, best known as the boy soprano lead singer of the New York City-based early rock and roll group, The Teenagers.
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The French horn (commonly known simply as the horn, while the term "French horn" is also used to distinguish a particular type of horn used mainly in French orchestras) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.
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Funk is a music genre that originated in the mid- to late 1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
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Garage rock is a style of pop music, a raw and energetic variety of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s most notably in the United States and Canada, but also elsewhere.
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Georgie Fame (born Clive Powell, 26 June 1943) is an English rhythm and blues and jazz singer, and keyboard player.
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Gerhard Kubik (born December 10, 1934) is an Austrian music ethnologist from Vienna.
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"Good Rocking Tonight" was originally a jump blues song released in 1947 by its writer, Roy Brown and was covered by many other recording artists.
Gospel music is a music genre in Christian music.
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The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970.
A guajeo (Anglicized pronunciation: wa-hey-yo) is a typical Cuban ostinato melody, most often consisting of arpeggiated chords in syncopated patterns.
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The Hammond organ is an electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935.
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Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music which began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements.
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The Harlem Hamfats was a Chicago jazz band formed in 1936.
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"Hearts of Stone" is an American R&B song.
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Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
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The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart ranks the most popular R&B and hip hop songs in the United States and is published weekly by Billboard.
"Hound Dog" is a twelve-bar blues song by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller.
The voice consists of sound made by a human being using the vocal folds for talking, singing, laughing, crying, screaming etc.
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"I Got a Woman" (originally titled "I've Got a Woman") is a song co-written and recorded by American R&B/soul musician Ray Charles and released as a single in December 1954 on the Atlantic label as Atlantic 45-1050 b/w "Come Back Baby." Both sides later appeared on his 1957 album Ray Charles (subsequently reissued as Hallelujah I Love Her So).
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"Ida Red" is an American traditional song of unknown origins.
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Jean-Baptiste Illinois Jacquet (October 31, 1922 – July 22, 2004) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist, best remembered for his solo on "Flying Home", critically recognized as the first R&B saxophone solo.
Imperial Records is a United States based label started in 1947 by Lewis Robert Chudd (1911–1998) and reactivated in 2006 by EMI which owned the label and back catalogue at that time.
"It's All Over Now" is a song written by Bobby Womack and Shirley Womack.
"Jailhouse Rock" is a song written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller that first became a hit for Elvis Presley.
James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer and dancer.
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Jazz is a genre of music that originated in African American communities in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century.
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Geoffrey Arnold "Jeff" Beck (born 24 June 1944) is an English rock guitarist.
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Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941), known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Jerome "Jerry" Leiber (April 25, 1933 – August 22, 2011) and Mike Stoller (born March 13, 1933) were American songwriting and record producing partners.
Gerald "Jerry" Wexler (January 10, 1917 – August 15, 2008) was a music journalist turned music producer, and was regarded as one of the major record industry players behind music from the 1950s through the 1980s.
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James Patrick "Jimmy" Page, Jr., (born 9 January 1944) is an English musician, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer who achieved international success as the guitarist and founder of the rock band Led Zeppelin.
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Jimmy Witherspoon (August 8, 1920 – September 18, 1997) was an American jump blues singer.
Johnny Otis (born Ioannis Alexandres Veliotes; December 28, 1921 – January 17, 2012) was an American singer, musician, composer, arranger, bandleader, talent scout, disc jockey, record producer, television show host, artist, author, journalist, minister, and impresario.
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Jump blues is an up-tempo blues usually played by small groups and featuring horns.
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King Records was an American record label, started in 1943 by Syd Nathan and originally headquartered in the Evanston neighborhood of Cincinnati, Ohio.
"Last Night" is an instrumental recorded by The Mar-Keys.
"Lawdy Miss Clawdy" is a rhythm and blues song by New Orleans singer/songwriter Lloyd Price that "grandly introduced The New Orleans Sound".
Leonard Chess (March 12, 1917 - October 16, 1969) was a record company executive and the co-founder of Chess Records.
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Leroy Carr (March 27, 1905 – April 29, 1935) was an American blues singer, songwriter and pianist who developed a laid-back, crooning technique and whose popularity and style influenced such artists as Nat King Cole and Ray Charles.
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This is a list of all the musicians and music groups who reached number one on the Billboard R&B singles chart.
Listed here are Billboard magazine's number-one rhythm and blues hits from 1942–1959.
This is a list of rhythm and blues (R&B) music artists.
Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known by his stage name Little Richard, is an American recording artist, songwriter and musician.
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Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary.
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Lloyd Price (born March 9, 1933) is an American R&B vocalist.
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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
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"Long Tall Sally" is a rock and roll 12-bar blues song written by Robert "Bumps" Blackwell, Enotris Johnson, and Richard Penniman (known as "Little Richard"); recorded by Little Richard; and released in March 1956 on the Specialty Records label.
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Alonzo "Lonnie" Johnson (February 8, 1899 – June 16, 1970) was an American blues and jazz singer/guitarist, violinist and songwriter who pioneered the role of jazz guitar and jazz violin, and is recognized as the first to play an electrically-amplified violin.
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.
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Louis Thomas Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering American musician, songwriter and bandleader who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s.
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Mambo is a musical form and dance style that developed originally in Cuba, with further significant developments by Cuban and Puerto Rican musicians in Mexico and the USA.
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Manfred Mann were an English beat, rhythm and blues and pop band (with a strong jazz foundation) of the 1960s, named after their keyboardist, Manfred Mann, who later led the successful 1970s group Manfred Mann's Earth Band.
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Maracas, sometimes called rumba shakers and various other names, are percussion musical instruments—rattles—that originated in Latin America.
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Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1969 or 1970) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and actress.
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"Maybellene" is a song recorded by Chuck Berry, adapted from the traditional fiddle tune "Ida Red", that tells the story of a hot rod race and a broken romance.
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Memphis soul, also known as Memphis sound was the most prominent strain of Southern soul.
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Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor.
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Mod is a subculture that began in 1960s Britain and spread, in varying degrees, to other countries"Revolution in Men's Clothes: Mod Fashions from Britain are Making a Smash in the U.S.", Life Magazine, May 13, 1966; pp.
The mod revival was a music genre and subculture that started in England in 1978 and later spread to other countries (to a lesser degree).
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"Mona Lisa" is a popular song written by Ray Evans and Jay Livingston for the Paramount Pictures film Captain Carey, U.S.A. (1950).
Motown is an American record company.
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A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.
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The music of the United States reflects the country's multi-ethnic population through a diverse array of styles.
Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American singer who first came to prominence as a leading jazz pianist.
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Ned Sublette (born 1951 in Lubbock, Texas) is an American composer, musician, record producer and musicologist.
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Neo soul is a genre of popular music.
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New Orleans (or; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
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New Orleans rhythm and blues is a type of R&B music from the US city of New Orleans, Louisiana, characterized by extensive use of piano and horn sections, complex syncopated "second line" rhythms, and lyrics that reflect New Orleans life.
New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
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New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
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Newark (or also locally) is the largest city (by population) in the U.S. state of New Jersey, and the county seat of Essex County.
Newcastle upon Tyne (RP:; Locally), commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Otis Ray Redding, Jr. (September 9, 1941 – December 10, 1967) was an American singer-songwriter, record producer, arranger, and talent scout.
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Paul Leon Gayten (January 29, 1920 – March 26, 1991) was an American R&B bandleader, pianist, songwriter, producer and record company executive.
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Paul "Hucklebuck" Williams (July 13, 1915 – September 14, 2002) was an American blues and rhythm and blues saxophonist and songwriter.
Peter Green (born Peter Allen Greenbaum; 29 October 1946) is a British blues rock guitarist and the founder of the band Fleetwood Mac.
The piano (an abbreviation of pianoforte) is a musical instrument played using a keyboard.
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Pop music (a term that originally derives from an abbreviation of "popular") is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the Western world during the 1950s and 1960s, deriving from rock and roll.
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The term popular music belongs to any of a number of musical genres "having wide appeal" and typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
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Henry Roeland "Roy" Byrd (December 19, 1918 – January 30, 1980), better known as Professor Longhair, was a New Orleans blues singer and pianist.
Progressive rock, also known as prog rock or prog, is a rock music subgenre that originated in the United Kingdom with further developments in Germany, Italy, and France, throughout the mid-to-late 1960s and 1970s.
Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that is inspired or influenced by psychedelic culture and attempts to replicate and enhance the mind-altering experiences of psychedelic drugs.
Pub rock is a rock music genre that was developed in the early to mid-1970s in the United Kingdom.
Robert Sylvester Kelly (born January 8, 1967), known professionally as R. Kelly, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, rapper and former professional basketball player.
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Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical genre that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.
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Ray Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004), professionally known as Ray Charles, was an American singer, songwriter, musician and composer.
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RCA Records is an American flagship recording label (alongside Columbia Records and Epic Records) of Sony Music Entertainment (SME).
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Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
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Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence.
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The Rhythm and Blues Foundation is an independent American nonprofit organization dedicated to the historical and cultural preservation of rhythm and blues music.
A shout or ring shout is an ecstatic, transcendent religious ritual, first practiced by African slaves in the West Indies and the United States, in which worshipers move in a circle while shuffling and stomping their feet and clapping their hands.
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Robert Franklin Palmer Jr. (June 19, 1945 – November 20, 1997) was a 20th-century American writer, musicologist, clarinetist, saxophonist, and blues producer.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s,Jim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992), ISBN 0-571-12939-0.
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Rock Around the Clock is the title of a 1956 Musical film that featured Bill Haley and His Comets along with Alan Freed, The Platters, Tony Martinez and His Band, and Freddie Bell and His Bellboys.
Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States.
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Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South.
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Rolling Stone is a biweekly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
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Roy James Brown (September 10, 1925May 25, 1981) was an American R&B singer, songwriter and musician, who had a significant influence on the early development of rock and roll and changed the direction rhythm and blues was headed in.
Ruth Brown (January 12/January 30, 1928 – November 17, 2006) was an American singer-songwriter and actress, sometimes known as the "Queen of R&B".
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Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), professionally known as Sam Cooke, was an American recording artist, singer-songwriter and entrepreneur generally considered among the greatest of all time.
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"Saturday Night Fish Fry" is a popular song, written by Louis Jordan and Ellis Lawrence Walsh, best known through the version recorded by Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five.
Savoy Records is a United States record label specializing in jazz, black gospel, soul, R&B, and blues music.
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The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.
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Second line is a tradition in brass band parades in New Orleans, Louisiana.
"Sh-Boom" (sometimes referred to as "Life Could Be a Dream") is an early doo-wop song.
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Shirley Mae Goodman (June 19, 1936 – July 5, 2005) was an American singer known best for "Shirley and Lee", a 1950s duo.
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"Shop Around" is a 1960 single by the Miracles (credited as "The Miracles featuring Bill 'Smokey' Robinson") on Motown's Tamla label, catalog number T 54034.
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Ska (Jamaican) is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae.
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Skiffle is a music genre with jazz, blues, folk and roots influences, usually using homemade or improvised instruments.
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Small Faces were an English rock band from East London.
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Smooth jazz is a genre of music that grew out of jazz fusion and is influenced by jazz, R&B, funk, rock, and pop music styles (separately, or, in any combination).
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Son cubano is a style of music and dance that originated in Cuba and gained worldwide popularity during the 1930s.
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Alfonso "Sonny" Thompson (August 22, 1916 or 1923 – August 11, 1989) was an American R&B bandleader and pianist, popular in the 1940s and 1950s.
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Work Music A prominent origin for 'Soul' music as far as the currently known United States were early Slavery year.
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The phrase Spanish tinge is a reference to an Afro-Latin rhythmic touch that spices up the more conventional 4/4 rhythms commonly used in jazz and pop music.
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Specialty Records was an American record label based in Los Angeles.
"Stagger Lee", also known as "Stagolee" and other variants, is a popular American folk song about the murder of Billy Lyons by "Stag" Lee Shelton in St. Louis, Missouri at Christmas, 1895.
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Stax Records is an American record label, originally based in Memphis, Tennessee.
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Stevland Hardaway Morris (born May 13, 1950, as Stevland Hardaway Judkins), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.
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Sub-Saharan African music traditions exhibit so many common features that they may in some respects be thought of as constituting a single musical system.
Aaron Thibeaux "T-Bone" Walker (May 28, 1910 – March 16, 1975) was a critically acclaimed American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, who was an influential pioneer and innovator of the jump blues and electric blues sound.
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"Teardrops from My Eyes", written by Rudy Toombs, was the first upbeat major hit for Ruth Brown, establishing her as an important figure in rhythm and blues.
The Animals were a British band of the 1960s, formed in Newcastle upon Tyne during the early part of the decade.
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The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960.
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The Chords were a 1950s American doo-wop group, whose only hit was "Sh-Boom".
The Clovers are an American rhythm and blues/doo-wop vocal group who became one of the biggest selling acts of the 1950s.
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The Creation was an English rock band, formed in 1966.
The Graham Bond Organisation were a British jazz/rhythm and blues group of the early 1960s consisting of Graham Bond (vocals, keyboards, alto-saxophone), Jack Bruce (bass), Ginger Baker (drums), Dick Heckstall-Smith (tenor/soprano saxophone) and John McLaughlin (guitar).
The Kinks were an English rock band formed in Muswell Hill, North London, by brothers Dave Davies and Ray Davies with Pete Quaife in 1963.
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The Mar-Keys, formed in 1958, were an American studio session band for the Stax label from Memphis, Tennessee, in the 1960s.
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The Miracles (also known as Smokey Robinson and the Miracles from 1965 to 1972) were an American rhythm and blues vocal group that was the first successful recording act for Berry Gordy's Motown Records, and one of the most important and influential groups in pop, rock and roll, and R&B music history.
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The Moody Blues are an English rock band.
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The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
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The Orioles were a successful and influential American R&B group of the late 1940s and early 1950s, one of the earliest such vocal groups who established the basic pattern for the doo-wop sound.
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The Pretty Things are an English rock band from London, who originally formed in 1963.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London in 1962.
The Rolling Stones is the debut album by The Rolling Stones, released by Decca Records in the UK on 16 April 1964.
The Spaniels were an American R&B doo-wop group, best known for the hit "Goodnite, Sweetheart, Goodnite".
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The Spencer Davis Group are a mid-1960s British beat group from Birmingham, England, formed by Spencer Davis with Steve Winwood and his brother, Muff Winwood.
"The Twist" is an American pop song written and originally released in early 1959 by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters as a B-side to "Teardrops on Your Letter".
The Village Voice is a free weekly 17" by 11" format newspaper and news and features website in New York City that features investigative articles, analysis of current affairs and culture, arts and music coverage, and events listings for New York City.
The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964.
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The Yardbirds are an English rock band formed in London in 1963 that had a string of hits during the mid-1960s, including "For Your Love", "Over Under Sideways Down" and "Heart Full of Soul".
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Them were a Northern Irish band formed in Belfast in April 1964, most prominently known for the garage rock standard "Gloria" and launching singer Van Morrison's musical career.
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Anthony Dominick "Tony" Benedetto (born August 3, 1926), better known by his stage name Tony Bennett, is an American singer of traditional pop standards, show tunes, and jazz.
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"Too Young" is a popular song.
Trad jazz, short for "traditional jazz," refers to the Dixieland and ragtime jazz styles of the early 20th century, which typically used a front line of horns, clarinet and trombone in contrast to more modern styles which usually include saxophones, and the revival of these styles in mid 20th-century Britain before the emergence of beat music.
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Tresillo is a more basic form of the rhythmic figure known as the habanera.
"Tutti Frutti" (meaning "all fruits" in Italian) is a song written by Little Richard (Richard Wayne Penniman) along with Dorothy LaBostrie that was recorded in 1955 and became his first major hit record.
Tympany Five was a successful and influential rhythm and blues and jazz dance band founded by Louis Jordan in 1938.
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An umbrella term is a word or phrase that covers a broad interval or set of functions or items that all fall under a single common category.
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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Urban/contemporary gospel is a modern form of Christian music that expresses either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music.
Vocal harmony is a style of vocal music in which a consonant note or notes are simultaneously sung as a main melody in a predominantly homophonic texture.
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"What a Dream" is a popular song.
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White people is a racial classification specifier, depending on context used for people of Caucasian ancestry.
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Whitney Elizabeth Houston (August 9, 1963 – February 11, 2012) was an American singer, actress, producer, and model.
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WKNR (850 AM) – branded ESPN 850 WKNR – is a commercial sports radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland.
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Wynonie Harris (August 24, 1915 – June 14, 1969), born in Omaha, Nebraska, was an American blues shouter and rhythm and blues singer of upbeat songs, featuring humorous, often ribald lyrics.
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Wynton Learson Marsalis (born October 18, 1961) is a trumpeter, composer, teacher, music educator, and artistic director of jazz at Lincoln Center in New York City, United States.
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George Bruno "Zoot" Money (born 17 July 1942 in Bournemouth, Hampshire) is an English vocalist, keyboardist and bandleader.
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"(The) Rock and Roll Waltz" is a popular song with music by Shorty Allen and the lyrics by Roy Alfred in 1955, although the identity of the lyricist is in dispute.