22 relations: African clawed frog, Ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related, Base pair, Cell cycle, CLN3, Cyclin, Cyclin-dependent kinase, Cyclin-dependent kinase 1, DNA, DNA polymerase, DNA replication, Enzyme, G0 phase, G1 phase, G1/S transition, G2 phase, Helicase, Nucleic acid double helix, Nucleotide, S phase index, Start point (yeast), Yeast.
The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis, also known as the xenopus, African clawed toad, African claw-toed frog or the platanna) is a species of African aquatic frog of the Pipidae family.
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Serine/threonine-protein kinase ATR also known as ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related protein (ATR) or FRAP-related protein 1 (FRP1) is an enzyme that, in humans, is encoded by the ATR gene.
Base pairs (unit: bp), which form between specific nucleobases (also termed nitrogenous bases), are the building blocks of the DNA double helix and contribute to the folded structure of both DNA and RNA.
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The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication (replication) that produces two daughter cells.
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Battenin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CLN3 gene located on chromosome 16.
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Cyclins are a family of proteins that control the progression of cells through the cell cycle by activating cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) enzymes.
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Gap phase 2. The duration of mitosis in relation to the other phases has been exaggerated in this diagram Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are a family of protein kinases first discovered for their role in regulating the cell cycle.
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Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 also known as CDK1 or cell division cycle protein 2 homolog is a highly conserved protein that functions as a serine/threonine kinase, and is a key player in cell cycle regulation.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in the development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
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The DNA polymerases are enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA.
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DNA replication is the process of producing two identical replicas from one original DNA molecule.
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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
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The G0 phase, G zero phase, or resting phase is a period in the cell cycle in which cells exist in a quiescent state.
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The G1 phase, or Growth 1/Gap 1 phase, is the first of four phases of the cell cycle that takes place in eukaryotic cell division.
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The G1/S transition is a stage in the cell cycle at the boundary between the G1 phase and the S phase.
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G2 phase, or pre-mitotic phase, is the third and final subphase of Interphase in the cell cycle directly preceding Mitosis.
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Helicases are a class of enzymes vital to all living organisms.
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In molecular biology, the term double helix refers to the structure formed by double-stranded molecules of nucleic acids such as DNA.
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA.
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S-phase index (SPI) is a measure of cell growth and viability.
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The Start checkpoint is a major cell cycle checkpoint in yeast.
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Yeasts are eukaryotic microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom with 1,500 species currently identified and are estimated to constitute 1% of all described fungal species.
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