56 relations: Admiralty law, Anti-Federalism, Article Three of the United States Constitution, Articles of Confederation, Ballew v. Georgia, Beacon Theatres, Inc. v. Westover, Bill of rights, Bill of Rights 1689, Chauffeurs, Teamsters, & Helpers Local No. 391 v. Terry, Civil law (common law), Civil liberties, Colgrove v. Battin, Common law, Congressional Apportionment Amendment, Constitution of West Virginia, Constitutional Convention (United States), Copyright infringement, Directed verdict, Diversity jurisdiction, Equitable remedy, Equity (law), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Form of action, Galloway v. United States, George Mason, Harvard Law Review, HighBeam Research, Hugh Williamson, Incorporation of the Bill of Rights, Inflation, James Madison, Joseph Story, Judgment as a matter of law, Jury trial, Lawsuit, Markman v. Westview Instruments, Inc., Ninth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Patent, Philip Hamburger, Question of fact, Ratification, Richard Henry Lee, Samuel Nelson, Shareholder, Sovereign immunity, Supreme Court of the United States, Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Thomas Jefferson, Twenty-seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution, United States Bill of Rights, ..., United States Constitution, United States Government Publishing Office, Venire facias, Verdict, Washington, D.C., 1st United States Congress. Expand index (6 more) » « Shrink index
Admiralty law or maritime law is a distinct body of law that governs maritime questions and offenses.
Anti-Federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the Constitution of 1788.
Article Three of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal government.
The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, were an agreement among all thirteen original states in the United States of America that served as its first constitution.
Ballew v. Georgia, 435 U.S. 223 (1978), was a case heard by the United States Supreme Court that held that a Georgia state statute authorizing criminal conviction upon the unanimous vote of a jury of five was unconstitutional.
Beacon Theatres v. Westover,, was a case decided by the Supreme Court of the United States dealing with jury trials in civil matters.
A bill of rights, sometimes called a declaration of rights or a charter of rights, is a list of the most important rights to the citizens of a country.
The Bill of Rights is an Act of the Parliament of England that deals with constitutional matters and lays out certain basic civil rights.
Chauffeurs, Teamsters, and Helpers Local No.
Civil law is a branch of the law.
Civil liberties are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation without due process.
Colgrove v. Battin,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that six person civil juries were constitutional.
Common law (also known as case law or precedent) is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the legislative process or regulations issued by the executive branch.
The Congressional Apportionment Amendment (also known as Article the First) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution, one of twelve articles of amendment to the United States Constitution approved by the 1st Congress on September 25, 1789 and sent to the legislatures of the several states for ratification.
The Constitution of the State of West Virginia West Virginia State Constitution is the supreme law of the U.S. State of West Virginia.
The Constitutional Convention (also known as the Philadelphia Convention, the Federal Convention, or the Grand Convention at Philadelphia) took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to address problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following independence from Great Britain.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
In a jury trial, a directed verdict is an order from the presiding judge to the jury to return a particular verdict.
In the law of the United States, diversity jurisdiction is a form of subject-matter jurisdiction in civil procedure in which a United States district court in the federal judiciary has the power to hear a civil case where the persons that are parties are "diverse" in citizenship, which generally indicates that they are citizens of different states or non-U.S. citizens.
Equitable remedies are judicial remedies developed by courts of equity from about the time of Henry VII to provide more flexible responses to changing social conditions than was possible in precedent-based common law.
In jurisdictions following the English common law, equity is the set of maxims that "reign over all the law" and "from which flow all civil laws".
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP) govern civil procedure (i.e. for civil lawsuits) in United States district (federal) courts.
The forms of action were the different procedures by which a legal claim could be made in the early history of the English common law.
Galloway v. United States was a Supreme Court of the United States decision in which the Court determined that a directed verdict does not deprive litigants of their right to a trial by jury in civil cases under the Seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution.
George Mason IV (December 11, 1725 – October 7, 1792) was an American Patriot, statesman and a delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention.
The Harvard Law Review is a law review published by an independent student group at Harvard Law School.
HighBeam Research is a paid search engine and full text online archive owned by Cengage Learning (through its Gale subsidiary) for thousands of newspapers, magazines, academic journals, newswires, trade magazines, and encyclopedias in English.
Hugh Williamson (December 5, 1735–May 22, 1819) was an American politician.
The incorporation of the Bill of Rights (or incorporation for short) is the process by which American courts have applied portions of the U.S. Bill of Rights to the states.
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
James Madison, Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman, political theorist, and the fourth President of the United States (1809–17).
Joseph Story (September 18, 1779 – September 10, 1845) was an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1811 to 1845.
Judgment as a matter of law (JMOL) is a motion made by a party, during trial, claiming the opposing party has insufficient evidence to reasonably support its case.
A jury trial or trial by jury is a legal proceeding in which a jury either makes a decision or makes findings of fact, which then direct the actions of a judge.
A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." The term refers to any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.
Markman v. Westview Instruments, Inc., 517 U.S. 370 (1996), is a United States Supreme Court case on whether the interpretation of patent claims is a matter of law or a question of fact.
The Ninth Amendment (Amendment IX) to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, addresses rights, retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Philip Hamburger is an American legal scholar.
In law, a question of fact, also known as a point of fact, is a question which must be answered by reference to facts and evidence, and inferences arising from those facts.
Ratification is a principal's approval of an act of its agent where the agent lacked authority to legally bind the principal.
Richard Henry Lee (January 20, 1732June 19, 1794) was an American statesman from Virginia best known for the motion in the Second Continental Congress calling for the colonies' independence from Great Britain.
Samuel Nelson (November 10, 1792 – December 13, 1873) was an American attorney and a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns a share of stock in a public or private corporation.
Sovereign immunity, or crown immunity, is a legal doctrine by which the sovereign or state cannot commit a legal wrong and is immune from civil suit or criminal prosecution.
The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Tenth Amendment (Amendment X) to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, was ratified on December 15, 1791.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13 [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801–1809).
The Twenty-seventh Amendment (Amendment XXVII) to the United States Constitution prohibits any law that increases or decreases the salary of members of Congress from taking effect until the start of the next set of terms of office for Representatives.
The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America.
The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.
In law, venire facias (Latin for "may you cause to come"), also venire facias juratores, and often shortened to venire, is a writ directing a sheriff to assemble a jury.
In law, a verdict is the formal finding of fact made by a jury on matters or questions submitted to the jury by a judge.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
The First United States Congress, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, met from March 4, 1789 to March 4, 1791, during the first two years of George Washington's presidency, first at Federal Hall in New York City and later at Congress Hall in Philadelphia.
7th Amendment to the United States Constitution, 7th Amendment, U.S. Constitution, Seventh Amendment of the United States Constitution, Seventh Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, Seventh Amendment to the US Constitution, United States Constitution/Amendment Seven.