62 relations: Acceptable daily intake, Ammonia, Apple, Ascorbic acid, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Bacteriostatic agent, Benzene, Benzoic acid, British Pharmacopoeia, Carbonic acid, Carcinogen, Cat, Chemical formula, Cinnamon, Citric acid, Clove, Condiment, Cranberry, E number, Effervescence, European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs, European Pharmacopoeia, Fanta, Fermentation in food processing, Fireworks, Food and Drug Administration, Food coloring, Food preservation, Food Standards Agency, Fungistatics, Generally recognized as safe, Glucose, Greengage, Hippuric acid, Hyperammonemia, Intracellular pH, Japanese Pharmacopoeia, Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology, Mouse, Oasis (drink), Parkinson's disease, Phosphofructokinase, Pickling, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Potassium benzoate, Prune, Pyridine, Rat, Salt (chemistry), Schizophrenia, ..., Sigma-Aldrich, Sodium carbonate, Sodium hydroxide, Sprite (soft drink), Therapeutic Goods Administration, United States Pharmacopeia, Urea, Urea cycle disorder, Vinegar, Water, Whistle mix, World Health Organization. Expand index (12 more) » « Shrink index
Acceptable daily intake or ADI is a measure of the amount of a specific substance (originally applied for a food additive, later also for a residue of a veterinary drug or pesticide) in food or drinking water that can be ingested (orally) on a daily basis over a lifetime without an appreciable health risk.
Ammonia or azane is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
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The apple tree (Malus domestica) is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, pomaceous fruit, the apple.
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Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties.
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, similar to hyperkinetic disorder in the ICD-10) is a neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorder in which there are significant problems with executive functions (e.g., attentional control and inhibitory control) that cause attention deficits, hyperactivity, or impulsiveness which is not appropriate for a person's age.
A bacteriostatic agent or bacteriostat, abbreviated Bstatic, is a biological or chemical agent that stops bacteria from reproducing, while not necessarily killing them otherwise.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
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Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
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The British Pharmacopoeia (BP) is an annual published collection of quality standards for UK medicinal substances.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
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A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that is an agent directly involved in causing cancer.
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The domestic cat (Felis catus or Felis silvestris catus) is a small, usually furry, domesticated, and carnivorous mammal.
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A chemical formula is a way of expressing information about the proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound, using a single line of chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
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Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods.
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Citric acid is a weak organic acid with the formula C6H8O7.
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Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.
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A condiment is a spice, sauce, or other food preparation that is added to food to impart a particular flavor, to enhance its flavor, or in some cultures, to complement the dish.
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Cranberries are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in the subgenus Oxycoccus of the genus Vaccinium.
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E numbers are codes for substances that can be used as food additives for use within the European Union and Switzerland.
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Effervescence is the escape of gas from an aqueous solution and the foaming or fizzing that results from a release of the gas.
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The Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO) is a committee of the European Parliament dealing with institutional matters such as the Treaties of the European Union and the Parliament's rules of procedure.
The European Pharmacopoeia (Pharmacopoea Europaea, Ph. Eur.) is a published collection of monographs that describe both the individual and general quality standards for ingredients, dosage forms and methods of analysis for medicines.
Fanta is a global brand of fruit-flavored carbonated soft drinks created by The Coca-Cola Company.
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Fermentation in food processing is the conversion of carbohydrates to alcohols and carbon dioxide or organic acids using yeasts, bacteria, or a combination thereof, under anaerobic conditions.
Fireworks are a class of explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic, cultural, and religious purposes.
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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink.
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Food preservation involves preventing the growth of bacteria, fungi (such as yeasts), or other micro-organisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as retarding the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
The Food Standards Agency is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
Fungistatics are anti-fungal agents that inhibit the growth of fungus (without killing the fungus).
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Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements.
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
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The greengages, are a group of cultivars of the common European plum.
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Hippuric acid (Gr. hippos, horse, ouron, urine) is a carboxylic acid found in the urine of horses and other herbivores.
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Hyperammonemia (or hyperammonaemia) is a metabolic disturbance characterised by an excess of ammonia in the blood.
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All cells contain an intracellular fluid whose pH value is known as the intracellular pH (pHi).
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The is the official Pharmacopoeia of Japan.
The Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research on the intersection of immunology, pharmacology, and neuroscience as they relate to each other.
A mouse (plural: mice) is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.
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Oasis is a non-carbonated bottled soft drink, a product of Orangina Schweppes.
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Parkinson's disease (PD, also known as idiopathic or primary parkinsonism, hypokinetic rigid syndrome (HRS), or paralysis agitans) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system mainly affecting the motor system.
Phosphofructokinase is a kinase enzyme that phosphorylates fructose 6-phosphate in glycolysis.
Pickling is the process of preserving or expanding the lifespan of food by either anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in vinegar.
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The PANSS or the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale is a medical scale used for measuring symptom severity of patients with schizophrenia.
Potassium benzoate (E212), the potassium salt of benzoic acid, is a food preservative that inhibits the growth of mold, yeast and some bacteria.
A prune is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum.
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Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
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Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents of the superfamily Muroidea.
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In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that results from the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder often characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to recognize what is real.
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Sigma-Aldrich Corporation is an American life science and high technology company with over 9,600 employees and operations in 40 countries.
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Sodium carbonate (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals), Na2CO3, is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
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Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound.
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Sprite is a colorless, lemon and lime flavored, caffeine-free soft drink, created by the Coca-Cola Company.
The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is the regulatory body for therapeutic goods (including medicines, medical devices, gene technology, and blood products) in Australia.
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) publishes an official compendium in a combined volume with the National Formulary as the USP-NF.
Urea or carbamide is an organic compound with the chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
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A urea cycle disorder or urea cycle defect is a genetic disorder caused by a deficiency of one of the enzymes in the urea cycle which is responsible for removing ammonia from the blood stream.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting mainly of acetic acid (CH3COOH) and water.
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Water (chemical formula: H2O) is a transparent fluid which forms the world's streams, lakes, oceans and rain, and is the major constituent of the fluids of organisms.
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Whistle mix is a general term to refer to any pyrotechnic composition that emits a whistling sound when pressed into a tube and ignited.
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The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.