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Somaliland campaign (1920)

The Somaliland campaign of 1920 was the final British expedition against the Dervish forces of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan (often called the "Mad Mullah" derogatorily by British), the Somali religious leader. [1]

47 relations: Air medical services, Air Ministry, Air University (United States Air Force), Airco DH.9A, Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner, Battalion, Berbera, Birthday Honours, British Empire, British Somaliland, Cairo Conference (1921), Chief of the Air Staff (United Kingdom), Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Colonial Office, Crossley, Dervish state, Division (military), Dul Madoba, Frederick Bowhill, Geoffrey Archer (colonial administrator), Governor, Group captain, HMS Ark Royal (1914), Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, King's African Rifles, Leo Amery, Mentioned in dispatches, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, Ogaden, Order of St Michael and St George, Pen and Sword Books, RAF Iraq Command, Robert Gordon (RAF officer), Royal Air Force, Royal Navy, Secretary of State for Air, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Secretary of State for War, Sir Henry Wilson, 1st Baronet, Somaliland Camel Corps, Somaliland Campaign, Somalis, Taleh, War Office, Wing commander (rank), Winston Churchill, World War I.

Air medical services

Air medical services is a comprehensive term covering the use of air transportation, airplane or helicopter, to move patients to and from healthcare facilities and accident scenes.

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Air Ministry

The Air Ministry was a department of the British Government with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force, that existed from 1918 to 1964.

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Air University (United States Air Force)

The Air University (AU) is a component of the United States Air Force's Air Education and Training Command, headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama.

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Airco DH.9A

The Airco DH.9A was a British single-engined light bomber designed and first used shortly before the end of the First World War.

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Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner

Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner (23 March 1854 – 13 May 1925) was a British statesman and colonial administrator who played an influential leadership role in the formulation of foreign and domestic policy between the mid-1890s and early 1920s.

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Battalion

A battalion is a military unit.

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Berbera

Berbera (Barbara, بربرة) is a city in the northwestern Berbera District of Somaliland, a self-declared republic internationally recognized as an autonomous region of Somalia.

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Birthday Honours

Birthday Honours is, in some Commonwealth realms, the marking of the reigning monarch's official birthday by granting various individuals appointment into national or dynastic orders or the award of decorations and medals.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.

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British Somaliland

British Somaliland (Dhulka Soomaalida ee Biritishka, الصومال البريطاني Al-Sumal Al-Britaniy) was a British protectorate in present-day Somaliland.

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Cairo Conference (1921)

The 1921 Cairo Conference, described in the official minutes as Middle East Conference held in Cairo and Jerusalem, March 12 to 30, 1921, was a series of meetings by British officials for examining and discussing the Middle Eastern problems, and to frame a common policy for the future.

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Chief of the Air Staff (United Kingdom)

The Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) is the professional head of the Royal Air Force and a member of both the Chiefs of Staff Committee and the Air Force Board.

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Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)

Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.

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Colonial Office

The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.

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Crossley

Crossley, based in Manchester, United Kingdom, was a pioneering company in the production of internal combustion engines.

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Dervish state

The Dervish state (Dawlada Daraawiish, دولة الدراويش Dawlāt ad-Darāwīsh) was an early 20th-century Somali Sunni Islamic state that was established by Muhammad Abdullah Hassan, a religious leader who gathered Somali soldiers from across the Horn of Africa and united them into a loyal army known as the Dervishes.

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Division (military)

A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.

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Dul Madoba

Dul Madoba is a hill ridge southeast of Burao in northwestern Somalia.

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Frederick Bowhill

Air Chief Marshal Sir Frederick William Bowhill & Bar (1 September 1880 – 12 March 1960) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force before and during the Second World War.

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Geoffrey Archer (colonial administrator)

Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer KCMG (c. 1882 – 1 May 1964) was a British ornithologist, big game hunter and colonial official.

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Governor

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.

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Group captain

Group captain (Gp Capt or Grp Cpt in the RAF, IAF and PAF, GPCAPT in the RNZAF and RAAF; formerly sometimes G/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.

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HMS Ark Royal (1914)

HMS Ark Royal was the first ship in history designed and built as a seaplane carrier.

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Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard

Marshal of the Royal Air Force Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard (3 February 1873 – 10 February 1956) was a British officer who was instrumental in establishing the Royal Air Force.

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King's African Rifles

The King's African Rifles (KAR) was a multi-battalion British colonial regiment raised from Britain's various possessions in British East Africa in the present-day African Great Lakes region from 1902 until independence in the 1960s.

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Leo Amery

Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery CH (22 November 1873 – 16 September 1955), usually known as Leo Amery or L. S. Amery, was a British Conservative Party politician and journalist, noted for his interest in military preparedness, India, and the British Empire.

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Mentioned in dispatches

A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which is described his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy.

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Mohammed Abdullah Hassan

Sayyīd Muhammad `Abd Allāh al-Hasan (Sayid Maxamed Cabdille Xasan, محمّد عبد اللّه حسن) (April 7, 1856 – December 21, 1920) was a Somali religious and patriotic leader.

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Ogaden

Ogaden (pronounced and often spelled Ogadēn; Ogaadeen, ኦጋዴን) is the territory comprising the southeastern portion of the Somali Regional State in eastern Ethiopia.

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Order of St Michael and St George

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as Prince Regent for his father, King George III.

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Pen and Sword Books

Pen and Sword Books is a British publisher which specializes in printing and distributing books on military history and other niche subjects.

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RAF Iraq Command

Iraq Command was the RAF commanded inter-service command in charge of British forces in Iraq in the 1920s and early 1930s, during the period of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia.

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Robert Gordon (RAF officer)

Air Commodore Robert Gordon CB, CMG, DSO, RAF (22 January 1882 – 25 September 1954) was an early British military aviator.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's principal naval warfare force.

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Secretary of State for Air

The Secretary of State for Air was a cabinet-level British position.

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Secretary of State for the Colonies

The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies.

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Secretary of State for War

The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794).

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Sir Henry Wilson, 1st Baronet

Field Marshal Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, 1st Baronet (5 May 1864 – 22 June 1922) was one of the most senior British Army staff officers of the First World War and was briefly an Irish Unionist politician.

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Somaliland Camel Corps

The Somaliland Camel Corps (SCC) also referred to as the Somali Camel Corps, was a unit of the British Army based in British Somaliland.

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Somaliland Campaign

The Somaliland Campaign, also sometimes called the Anglo-Somali War, was a series of military expeditions that took place between 1900 and 1920 in the Horn of Africa, pitting the Dervishes led by Mohammed Abdullah Hassan (nicknamed the "Mad Mullah", although he "was neither mad nor a mullah") against the British.

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Somalis

Somalis (Soomaali, صومال) are an ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa (Somali Peninsula).

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Taleh

Taleh (Taleex, تلأ ح) is a historical town in the northern Sool region of Somalia.

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War Office

The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

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Wing commander (rank)

Wing Commander (Wg Cdr in the RAF, the IAF, and the PAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, formerly sometimes W/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries, notably not including Canada.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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Redirects here:

1920 conflict between British forces and Somaliland dervishes, 1920 conflict between British forces and the Dervish State, Anglo somali war, Defeat of the Mad Mullah, Defeat of the mad mullah, Fifth Expedition of the Somaliland Campaign, Fifth expedition of the Somaliland Campaign, Somali-Anglo War, Z Force and the Mad Mullah.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somaliland_campaign_(1920)

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