616 relations: A Dry White Season, Aaron Klug, Aaron Mokoena, Aaron Motsoaledi, AB de Villiers, Abdullah Ibrahim, Acacia, Acacia mearnsii, Acacia saligna, Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Adansonia, Affirmative action, Africa, Africa.com, African French, African initiated church, African National Congress, African Union, Afrikaans, Agriculture in South Africa, Alan Paton, Albany thickets, Allan McLeod Cormack, Aloe, Anatomically modern human, André Brink, Anglican Church of Southern Africa, Angola, Anno Domini, Antarctic Treaty System, Apartheid, Arid, Ascension Island, Asian people, Asian South African, Association football, Athol Fugard, Atlantic Ocean, Attrition warfare, Australasia, Australopithecus africanus, Australopithecus sediba, Azanian People's Liberation Army, Bantu Education Act, 1953, Bantu expansion, Bantu languages, Bantu peoples, Barbecue, Barrydale, Bartolomeu Dias, ..., Batavian Republic, Battle of Isandlwana, BBC News, Benni McCarthy, Berlin International Film Festival, Bhisho, Biodiversity action plan, Biodiversity hotspot, Biome, Black Economic Empowerment, Black people, Bloemfontein, Blue crane, Blue wildebeest, Bobby Locke, Boer, Boer Republics, Bolivia, Botswana, Boycott, Brenda Fassie, Breyten Breytenbach, Brian Mitchell (boxer), BRICS, British Empire, Bryan Habana, Burundi, Bushveld, Cabinet of South Africa, Cape Colony, Cape Floristic Region, Cape Fold Belt, Cape of Good Hope, Cape Peninsula, Cape Town, Capital formation, Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions, Charismatic Movement, Charl Schwartzel, Charles Robberts Swart, Cheetah, Child sexual abuse, Chris McGregor, Christiaan Barnard, Christian denomination, Cinema of South Africa, Civil and political rights, Civil society, Climate change, Climate model, Codification (law), Colloquialism, Colombia, Colony of Natal, Coloured, Common law, Commonwealth of Nations, Comoros, Confidence and supply, Congress Alliance, Constitution of South Africa, Constitutional Court of South Africa, Contemporary classical music, Convention on Biological Diversity, Cooper's Cave, Cornelia, Free State, Coup d'état, Courts of South Africa, Cradle of Humankind, Cricket, Cry, the Beloved Country, CT scan, Cyril Ramaphosa, ǀXam language, Dale Steyn, Danie Craven, Darian Townsend, Delron Buckley, Democratic Alliance (South Africa), Democratic Republic of the Congo, Demographics of South Africa, Departmentalization, Deputy President of South Africa, Dingaan Thobela, Diogo Cão, Disinvestment from South Africa, District 9, District municipality (South Africa), Districts of South Africa, Drakensberg, Drum (South African magazine), Durban, Dutch East India Company, Dutch language, Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa (NGK), Dutch Republic, East India Company, Eastern Cape, Economic Freedom Fighters, Economic inequality, Elections in South Africa, Elizabeth II, Encyclopædia Britannica, Endemism, English law, Ernie Els, Ethiopia, Ethnic groups in Europe, Eucalyptus, Euphorbia, Executive Council (South Africa), Extinct language, F. W. de Klerk, Faf du Plessis, Fanagalo, FDi magazine, Financial crisis of 2007–08, Financial Secrecy Index, First Boer War, First World, Flanders Campaign, Flemish people, Florisbad, Florisbad Skull, Fokofpolisiekar, Foreign direct investment, Formula One, Fossil, France national rugby union team, Francois Pienaar, Frank Welsh (writer), Franschhoek, Free State (province), Freedom Charter, French First Republic, French language, Frik du Preez, Fringe theatre, Fynbos, G-20 major economies, G8+5, Garden Route, Gary Player, Gated community, Gauteng, General jurisdiction, German language, Gerrie Coetzee, Gini coefficient, Godfrey Mwakikagile, Golden Bear, Gondolin Cave, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, Grand Slam (golf), Great Escarpment, Southern Africa, Great Fish River, Greek language, Groot River (Eastern Cape), Groote Schuur Hospital, Gross national product, Group of 77, Guerrilla warfare, Gujarati language, Guy Arnold, Hakea, Harry Schwarz, Hashim Amla, Head of government, Head of state, Heat wave, Hebrew language, Herder, High Court of South Africa, Highveld, Hindi, Hinduism in South Africa, Hippopotamus, History of South Africa (1994–present), History of the Jews in South Africa, HIV/AIDS denialism, HIV/AIDS in South Africa, Hominini, Homo erectus, Homo ergaster, Homo rhodesiensis, Homo sapiens, Hu Jintao, Hugh Masekela, Human capital flight, Human Development Index, Hyena, Ibrahim Index of African Governance, ICC World Twenty20, Illegal immigration, Immigration, Impala, Improved water source, Indian Ocean, Indian Premier League, Indian South Africans, Indigenous peoples, Indonesia, Informal sector, Institute of technology, International Futures, International Monetary Fund, International sanctions, Iron Age, Ironworks, Islam in South Africa, J. 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Coetzee, Jacaranda, Jacob Matlala, Jacob Zuma, Jan Smuts, Jan van Riebeeck, Jewish Virtual Library, Jody Scheckter, Johannesburg, John II of Portugal, Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Jonas Gwangwa, Jonathan Butler, Joost van der Westhuizen, Jordy Smith, Journal of African Economies, Judaism, Julius Malema, July's People, Kalahari Desert, Karoo, Khoe languages, Khoekhoe language, Khoikhoi, Khoisan, Khoisan languages, Khwe language, Kimberley, Northern Cape, Klasies River Caves, Knysna-Amatole montane forests, Kromdraai Conservancy, Kruger National Park, Kudu, Kwaito, KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic, KwaZulu–Natal, Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Languages of Asia, Languages of Europe, Languages of South Africa, Languages with official status in India, Lantana, Law of South Africa, Lesotho, Liberal democracy, Life (magazine), Limpopo, Limpopo River, List of African countries by GDP (nominal), List of books banned by governments, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of countries and dependencies by population, List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, List of South Africa-related topics, List of universities in South Africa, Local municipality (South Africa), Louis Oosthuizen, Luís de Camões, Lucas Radebe, Lyndon Ferns, Mafadi, Magistrate's court (South Africa), Mahikeng, Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith, Mail & Guardian, Makapansgat, Malapa Fossil Site, Cradle of Humankind, Malnutrition in South Africa, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, Mark Shuttleworth, Max Theiler, Media of South Africa, Mediterranean climate, MeerKAT, Megadiverse countries, Methodist Church of Southern Africa, Metropolitan municipality (South Africa), Mfecane, Middle power, Military history of South Africa during World War II, Mineral Revolution, Minister (government), Ministry (government department), Miriam Makeba, Mixed economy, Molecular biology, Motion of no confidence, Mozambique, Mpumalanga, Multinational state, Multiracial, Music of South Africa, Mzilikazi, Naas Botha, Nadine Gordimer, Namaqualand, Namib Desert, Namibia, Napoleonic Code, Natal Province, National anthem of South Africa, National Assembly of South Africa, National Council of Provinces, National Party (South Africa), National Senior Certificate, Native Location Act of 1879, Natives Land Act, 1913, Negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Nelspruit, New Partnership for Africa's Development, Newly industrialized country, Nguni people, Nigeria, Nobel Prize in Literature, North West (South African province), Northern Cape, Northern Ndebele people, Northern Sotho language, Ocotea bullata, Olea capensis, Olive Schreiner, Orange Free State, Orange River, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Os Lusíadas, Oscar Pistorius, Ostrich, Oudtshoorn, Out-of-pocket expenses, Outline of South Africa, Oxford University Press, P. 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A Dry White Season is a 1989 American drama-historical film directed by Euzhan Palcy and starring Donald Sutherland, Jürgen Prochnow, Marlon Brando, Janet Suzman, Zakes Mokae and Susan Sarandon.
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Sir Aaron Klug, (born 11 August 1926) is a Lithuanian-born British chemist and biophysicist, and winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes.
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Teboho Aaron Mokoena (born 25 November 1980 in Boipatong), known as Aaron Mokoena, is a South African footballer who last played for South African football team Bidvest Wits and the South African national team.
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Aaron Motsoaledi (born 7 August 1958 in Transvaal) is the Minister of Health of South Africa.
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Abraham Benjamin "AB" de Villiers (born 17 February 1984) is a South African cricketer, who captains the South African One Day International (ODI) team, having succeeded Graeme Smith after the 2011 Cricket World Cup.
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Abdullah Ibrahim (born Adolph Johannes Brand on 9 October 1934 and formerly known as Dollar Brand) is a South African pianist and composer.
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Acacia, known commonly as acacia, thorntree, whistling thorn, or wattle, is a genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae, described by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1773 based on the African species Acacia nilotica.
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Acacia mearnsii is a fast-growing, extremely invasive leguminous tree native to Australia.
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Acacia saligna, commonly known by various names including coojong, golden wreath wattle, orange wattle, blue-leafed wattle, Western Australian golden wattle, and, in Africa, Port Jackson willow, is a small tree in the family Fabaceae.
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The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the Academy Awards of Merit, or Oscars, handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
Baobab is the common name for each of the nine species of tree in the genus Adansonia.
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Affirmative action or positive discrimination (known as employment equity in Canada, reservation in India and Nepal, and positive action in the UK) is the policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group who suffer from discrimination within a culture.
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Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.
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Africa.com is an internet media company.
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African French (français africain) is the generic name of the varieties of French spoken by an estimated 120 million (2010) people in Africa spread across 24 francophone countries.
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An African initiated church is a Christian church independently started in Africa by Africans and not by missionaries from another continent.
The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing social democratic political party.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 54 countries in Africa.
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Afrikaans is one of the official languages of South Africa.
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Agriculture in South Africa contributes around 10% of formal employment, relatively low compared to other parts of Africa, as well as providing work for casual labourers and contributing around 2.6 percent of GDP for the nation.
Alan Stewart Paton (11 January 1903 – 12 April 1988) was a South African author and anti-apartheid activist.
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The Albany thickets is an ecoregion of dense woodland in southern South Africa, which is concentrated around the Albany region of the Eastern Cape (whence the region's name originates).
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Allan MacLeod Cormack (February 23, 1924 – May 7, 1998) was a South African American physicist who won the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (along with Godfrey Hounsfield) for his work on X-ray computed tomography (CT).
Aloe, also written Aloë, is a genus containing over 500 species of flowering succulent plants.
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The term anatomically modern humans (AMH) or anatomically modern Homo sapiens (AMHS) refers in paleoanthropology to individual members of the species Homo sapiens with an appearance consistent with the range of phenotypes in modern humans.
André Philippus Brink, (29 May 1935 – 6 February 2015) was a South African novelist.
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The Anglican Church of Southern Africa, known until 2006 as the Church of the Province of Southern Africa, is the province of the Anglican Communion in the southern part of Africa.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively known as the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earth's only continent without a native human population.
Apartheid (an Afrikaans word meaning "the state of being apart", literally "apart-hood") was a system of racial segregation in South Africa enforced through legislation by the National Party (NP), the governing party from 1948 to 1994.
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A region is arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life.
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Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island in the equatorial waters of the South Atlantic Ocean, around from the coast of Africa and from the coast of Brazil, which is roughly midway between the horn of South America and Africa.
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Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.
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The majority of the Asian South African population is of Indian origin, most of whom are descended from indentured workers transported to work in the 19th century on the sugar plantations of the eastern coastal area, then known as Natal.
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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Harold Athol Lanigan Fugard (born 11 June 1932) is a South African playwright, novelist, actor, and director who writes in English.
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The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
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Attrition warfare is a military strategy in which a belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.
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Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, the island of New Guinea, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean.
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Australopithecus africanus was an early hominid, an australopithecine, who lived between ~3.03 and 2.04 million years ago in the later Pliocene and early Pleistocene.
Australopithecus sediba is a species of Australopithecus of the early Pleistocene, identified based on fossil remains dated to about 2 million years ago.
The Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) was the military wing of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) in South Africa.
The Bantu Education Act, 1953 (Act No. 47 of 1953; later renamed the Black Education Act, 1953) was a South African segregation law which legalised several aspects of the apartheid system.
The Bantu expansion is the name for a postulated millennia-long series of migrations of speakers of the original proto-Bantu language group.
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The Bantu languages, technically the Narrow Bantu languages, constitute a traditional branch of the Niger–Congo languages.
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Bantu peoples is used as a general label for the 300–600 ethnic groups in Africa who speak Bantu languages.
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Barbecue (also barbeque, BBQ and barby/barbies) is both a cooking method and an apparatus.
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Barrydale is a village located on the border of the Overberg and Klein Karoo regions of the Western Cape Province in South Africa.
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Bartolomeu Dias (Anglicized: Bartholomew Diaz; c. 1451 – 29 May 1500), a nobleman of the Portuguese royal household, was a Portuguese explorer.
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The Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek; République Batave) was the successor of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
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The Battle of Isandlwana (alternative spelling: Isandhlwana) on 22 January 1879 was the first major encounter in the Anglo–Zulu War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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Benedict Saul "Benni" McCarthy (born 12 November 1977) is a South African former footballer who was last contracted to Orlando Pirates in South Africa.
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The Berlin International Film Festival (Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin), also called the Berlinale, is one of the most reputable media events and one of the world's "Big Three" film festivals (along with Venice and Cannes).
Bhisho (formerly Bisho) is the capital of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa.
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A biodiversity action plan (BAP) is an internationally recognized program addressing threatened species and habitats and is designed to protect and restore biological systems.
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans.
A biome is a community of plants and animals.
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Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) is a racially selective programme launched by the South African government to redress the inequalities of Apartheid by giving certain previously disadvantaged groups (Blacks, Coloureds, Indians, and Chinese who arrived before 1994) of South African citizens economic privileges previously not available to them.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other given populations.
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Bloemfontein (or;; Afrikaans and Dutch for "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain") is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals; the other two capitals are Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital.
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The blue crane (Anthropoides paradiseus), also known as the Stanley crane and the paradise crane, is the national bird of South Africa.
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The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest, white-bearded wildebeest or brindled gnu, is a large antelope and one of the two species of wildebeest.
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Arthur D'Arcy "Bobby" Locke (20 November 1917 – 9 March 1987) was a South African professional golfer.
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Boer is the Dutch and Afrikaans word for farmer, which came to denote the descendants of the Dutch-speaking settlers of the eastern Cape frontier in Southern Africa during the 18th century, as well as those who left the Cape Colony during the 19th century to settle in the Orange Free State, Transvaal (which are together known as the Boer Republics), and to a lesser extent Natal.
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The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were fiercely independent, Protestant, self-governed republics created by the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Province and their descendants, variously named Trekboers, Boers and Voortrekkers in mainly the middle, northern and north eastern and eastern parts of what is now the country of South Africa.
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Bolivia (Buliwya; Wuliwya; Volívia), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
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Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.
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A boycott is an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons.
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Brenda Nokuzola Fassie (3 November 1964 – 9 May 2004) was a South African anti-apartheid Afropop singer.
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Breyten Breytenbach (born 16 September 1939) is a South African writer and painter of great eminence.
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Brian Mitchell (born 30 August 1961 in Johannesburg, South Africa) is a former professional boxer and quite possibly the best South African boxer of all time.
BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
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The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.
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Bryan Gary Habana (born in Benoni, Gauteng Province) is a South African rugby union player who plays as a wing for Toulon in the French Top 14 competition, as well as 2007 Rugby World Cup champions Springboks. Habana was one of the stars of the World Cup, his eight tries equalling the record set by Jonah Lomu in 1999, and was named the 2007 IRB Player of the Year. Named after former Manchester United footballers Bryan Robson and Gary Bailey, he played outside centre and scrumhalf in provincial and age group rugby, but once he was moved to the wing a vast improvement was seen. Prior to his first year of Super Rugby he was selected for the Springboks, scoring a try with his first touch of the ball in test rugby in the end-of-season match against England at Twickenham in 2004.
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Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi (Republika y'Uburundi,; République du Burundi, or), is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
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The Bushveld is a sub-tropical woodland ecoregion of Southern Africa named after the term veld.
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The Cabinet of South Africa is the most senior level of the executive branch of the Government of South Africa.
The Cape of Good Hope, colloquially also known as the Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa and Namibia, named for the Cape of Good Hope.
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The Cape Floristic Region is a floristic region located near the southern tip of South Africa.
The Cape Fold Belt is a fold and thrust belt of late Paleozoic age, which affected the sequence of sedimentary rock layers of the Cape Supergroup in the southwestern corner of South Africa.
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The Cape of Good Hope (Kaap die Goeie Hoop, Kaap de Goede Hoop, Cabo da Boa Esperança) is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa.
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The Cape Peninsula (Kaapse Skiereiland) is a generally rocky peninsula that juts out into the Atlantic Ocean at the south-western extremity of the African continent.
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Cape Town (Kaapstad; Ikapa) ranks third among the most populous urban areas in South Africa, after Johannesburg, and has roughly the same population as the Durban Metropolitan Area.
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Capital formation is a concept used in macroeconomics, national accounts and financial economics.
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The Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE) was a Geneva-based international non-governmental organisation founded in 1994 by Scott Leckie as a foundation in the Netherlands (Stichting COHRE).
The Charismatic Movement is the international trend of historically mainstream congregations adopting beliefs and practices similar to Pentecostals.
Charl Adriaan Schwartzel (born 31 August 1984) is a South African professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour, European Tour, and the Sunshine Tour.
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Charles Robberts Swart (5 December 1894 – 16 July 1982) was a South African politician who served as the last Governor-General of Union of South Africa from 1960 to 1961 and the first State President of the Republic of South Africa from 1961 to 1967.
The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is a big cat in the subfamily Felinae that inhabits most of Africa and parts of Iran.
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Child sexual abuse or child molestation is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.
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Christopher McGregor (24 December 1936 – 26 May 1990) was a South African jazz pianist, bandleader and composer born in Somerset West, South Africa.
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Christiaan Neethling Barnard (8 November 1922 – 2 September 2001) was a South African cardiac surgeon who performed the world's first successful human-to-human heart transplant.
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A denomination in Christianity is a distinct religious body identified by traits such as a common name, structure, leadership and doctrine.
The cinema of South Africa refers to the films and film industry of the nation of South Africa.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations and private individuals, and which ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the society and state without discrimination or repression.
Civil society is the "aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens." Civil society includes the family and the private sphere, referred to as the "third sector" of society, distinct from government and business.
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Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
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Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the important drivers of climate, including atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.
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In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming a legal code, i.e. a codex (book) of law.
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A colloquialism is a word, phrase or other form used in informal language.
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Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and it shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.
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The Colony of Natal was a British colony in south-eastern Africa.
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Common law (also known as case law or precedent) is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the legislative process or regulations issued by the executive branch.
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The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.
The Comoros (جزر القمر), officially the Union of the Comoros (Comorian: Udzima wa Komori, Union des Comores, الاتحاد القمري), is a sovereign archipelago island nation in the Indian Ocean located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa between northeastern Mozambique and northwestern Madagascar.
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In a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system, confidence and supply are required for a government to hold power.
The Congress Alliance was an anti-apartheid political coalition formed in South Africa in the 1950s.
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The Constitution of South Africa is the supreme law of the country of South Africa.
The Constitutional Court of South Africa is a supreme constitutional court established by the Constitution of South Africa.
Contemporary classical music can be understood as belonging to the period that started in the mid-1970s to early 1990s, which includes modernist, postmodern, neoromantic, and pluralist music.
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.
Cooper's Cave is a series of fossil-bearing breccia filled cavities.
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Cornelia is a small town in the Free State province of South Africa.
A coup d'état (literally "blow of state"; plural: coups d'état, pronounced like the singular form), also known simply as a coup, or an overthrow, is the sudden and (usually) illegal seizure of a state, usually instigated by a small group of the existing government establishment to depose the established regime and replace it with a new ruling body.
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The courts of South Africa are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in South Africa.
The Cradle of Humankind is a World Heritage Site first named by UNESCO in 1999, about 50 kilometres northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa in the Gauteng province.
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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players each on a field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch.
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Cry, the Beloved Country is a novel by South African author Alan Paton.
A CT scan, also called X-ray computed tomography (X-ray CT) or computerized axial tomography scan (CAT scan), makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray images taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual 'slices') of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
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Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa (born 17 November 1952) is a South African politician, businessman, activist, and trade union leader who has served as the Deputy President under President Jacob Zuma since 2014.
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(/Kham) (English pronunciation), or, is an extinct Khoisan language of South Africa, part of the ǃkwi language group.
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Dale Willem Steyn (born 27 June 1983) is a South African cricketer who plays in Tests, T20 Internationals and One Day International cricket for South Africa.
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Daniël Hartman Craven (11 October 1910 – 4 January 1993) was a Springbok rugby union player (1931-38), national coach, national and international rugby administrator, academic, and author.
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Darian Roy Townsend (born 28 August 1984) is a competition swimmer and Olympic gold medalist who competed for South Africa.
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Delron Sebastian Buckley (born 7 December 1977 in Durban) is a South African footballer playing for Maritzburg United.
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The Democratic Alliance (Demokratiese Alliansie, DA) is a South African political party and the official opposition to the governing African National Congress (ANC).
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, DRC, DROC, RDC, Congo-Kinshasa, or simply Congo is a country located in Central Africa.
The demographics of South Africa encompasses about 53 million people of diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religions.
Division of labour creates specialists who need coordination.
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The Deputy President of South Africa is the acting President of South Africa when the President is outside the country's borders, unable to fulfill the duties of the office, or when the Presidency is vacant.
Dingaan Bongane Thobela (born 24 September 1966 in Soweto, South Africa), is a professional boxer in the Super Middleweight (168lb) division.
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Diogo Cão, in Old Portuguese Diogo Cam and also known as Diego Cam, was a Portuguese explorer and one of the most notable navigators of the Age of Discovery.
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Disinvestment (or divestment) from South Africa was first advocated in the 1960s, in protest of South Africa's system of apartheid, but was not implemented on a significant scale until the mid-1980s.
District 9 is a 2009 mockumentary science fiction action thriller film directed by Neill Blomkamp, written by Blomkamp and Terri Tatchell, and produced by Peter Jackson and Carolynne Cunningham.
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In South Africa, a district municipality or Category C municipality is a municipality which executes some of the functions of local government for a district.
The nine provinces of South Africa are divided into 52 districts, which are either metropolitan or district municipalities.
The Drakensberg (derived from the Afrikaans name Drakensberge meaning "Dragon Mountains") is the name given to the eastern portion of the Great Escarpment, which encloses the central Southern African plateau.
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DRUM is a South African family magazine mainly aimed at Black readers containing market news, entertainment and feature articles.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu–Natal.
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The United East Indian Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), referred to by the British as the Dutch East India Company, was originally established as a chartered company in 1602, when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on Dutch spice trade.
Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.
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The Dutch Reformed Church (abbreviated NGK) is a Reformed Christian denomination in South Africa.
The Dutch Republic, also known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden), Republic of the United Netherlands or Republic of the Seven United Provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën), was a republic in Europe existing from 1581, when part of the Netherlands separated from Spanish rule, until 1795.
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The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.
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The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa.
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The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) is a South African revolutionary socialist political party started by expelled former African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) president Julius Malema, and his allies, in 2013.
Economic inequality, also known as income inequality, wealth inequality, gap between rich and poor, gulf between rich and poor and contrast between rich and poor, refers to how economic metrics are distributed among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
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Elections in South Africa are held for the National Assembly, provincial legislatures and municipal councils.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations.
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The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
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English law means the legal system of England and Wales.
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Theodore Ernest "Ernie" Els (born 17 October 1969) is a South African professional golfer.
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Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
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The ethnic groups in Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various ethnic groups that reside in the nations of Europe.
Eucalyptus L'Heritier 1789 is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
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Euphorbia (spurge) is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
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In South Africa, the Executive Council of a province is the cabinet of the provincial government.
An extinct language is a language that no longer has any speakers, or that is no longer in current use.
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Frederik Willem de Klerk (born 18 March 1936) is a South African politician who served as the country's State President from September 1989 to May 1994.
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Francois "Faf" du Plessis (born 13 July 1984 in Pretoria, Transvaal Province) is a South African cricketer and current T20I side captain.
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Fanagalo is a pidgin (simplified language) based primarily on Zulu, with English and a small Afrikaans input.
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fDi Magazine is an English-language bi-monthly news and foreign direct investment publication, providing an up-to-date review of global investment activity.
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The financial crisis of 2007–08, also known as the Global Financial Crisis and 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
The Tax Justice Network’s Financial Secrecy Index highlights places around the world that provide (relatively) safe havens for tax evaders.
The First Boer War (Eerste Vryheidsoorlog, literally "First Freedom War"), also known as the First Anglo-Boer War or the Transvaal War, was a war fought from 16 December 1880 until 23 March 1881 between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the South African Republic (also known as Transvaal; not to be confused with the modern-day Republic of South Africa).
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The concept of the First World originated during the Cold War and included countries that were generally aligned with or on friendly terms with the United States (including all NATO countries) and were generally identified as non-theocratic democracies with primarily market-based economies.
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The Flanders Campaign (or Campaign in the Low Countries) was conducted from 1793 to 1795 during the first years of the French Revolutionary War.
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Flemings (Vlamingen) are a Germanic ethnic group, who speak Dutch.
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Florisbad is a health resort 45 km northwest of Bloemfontein and 47 km south-west of Brandfort, near the Haagenstad salt-pan.
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The Florisbad Skull was originally discovered by T. F. Dreyer at the Florisbad site.
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Fokofpolisiekar (English: Fuckoffpolicecar) is an Afrikaans alternative rock band from Bellville, near Cape Town, South Africa.
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A Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a controlling ownership in a business enterprise in one country by an entity based in another country.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seat auto racing that is sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
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Fossils (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") are the preserved remains or traces of animals, plants, and other organisms from the remote past.
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The France national rugby union team represents France in rugby union.
Jacobus Francois Pienaar (born 2 January 1967) is a retired South African rugby union player.
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Frank Welsh (born in 1931) is a historian, novelist and former international banker.
Franschhoek ("French Corner", Dutch spelling before 1947 Fransche Hoek) is a small town in the Western Cape Province and one of the oldest towns of the Republic of South Africa.
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The Free State (Vrystaat, Foreistata; before 1995, the Orange Free State) is a province of South Africa.
The Freedom Charter was the statement of core principles of the South African Congress Alliance, which consisted of the African National Congress (ANC) and its allies - the South African Indian Congress, the South African Congress of Democrats and the Coloured People's Congress.
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In the history of France, the First Republic, officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.
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Frederik Christoffel Hendrik "Frik" du Preez (born 28 November 1935) is a former South African rugby union player who represented Northern Transvaal and the Springboks.
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Fringe theatre is theatre that is experimental in style or subject matter.
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Fynbos is the natural shrubland or heathland vegetation occurring in a small belt of the Western Cape of South Africa, mainly in winter rainfall coastal and mountainous areas with a Mediterranean climate.
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The Group of Twenty (also known as the G-20 or G20) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies.
The Group of Seven + Five (G7+5), formally known as the Group of Eight + Five (G8+5) is an international group that consists of the leaders of the heads of government from the G7 nations (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States), plus the heads of government of the five leading emerging economies (Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa).
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The Garden Route (Afrikaans: Tuinroete) is a stretch of the south-eastern coast of South Africa which extends from Mossel Bay in the Western Cape to the Storms River in the Eastern Cape.
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Gary Player DMS, OIG (born 1 November 1935) is a South African professional golfer, widely regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of golf.
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In its modern form, a gated community (or walled community) is a form of residential community or housing estate containing strictly controlled entrances for pedestrians, bicycles, and automobiles, and often characterized by a closed perimeter of walls and fences.
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Gauteng is one of the nine provinces of South Africa.
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A court of general jurisdiction is one that has the authority to hear cases of all kinds - criminal, civil, family, probate, and so forth.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
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Gerhardus Christian Coetzee (born 8 April 1955 in Boksburg) is a South African former boxer.
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The Gini coefficient (also known as the Gini index or Gini ratio) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measure of inequality.
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Godfrey Mwakikagile (born 4 October 1949) is a prominent Tanzanian scholar, writer and specialist in African studies.
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The Golden Bear (Goldener Bär) is the highest prize awarded for the best film at the Berlin International Film Festival.
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Gondolin Cave is a fossiliferous dolomitic paleocave system in the Northwest Province, South Africa.
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The Governor-General of the Union of South Africa (Goewerneur-generaal van Unie van Suid-Afrika) was the representative of the British (1910–1931) and later South African Crown (1931–1961) in the Union of South Africa between 31 May 1910 and 31 May 1961.
The Grand Slam in professional golf is winning all of golf's major championships in the same calendar year.
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The Great Escarpment, which edges the central Southern African plateau, Atlas of Southern Africa.
The Great Fish River (called great to distinguish it from the Namibian Fish River) (Groot-Visrivier) is a river running through the South African province of the Eastern Cape.
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Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.
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The Groot River is a river in the southern area of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.
Groote Schuur Hospital is a large, government-funded, teaching hospital situated on the slopes of Devil's Peak in the city of Cape Town, South Africa.
Gross national product (GNP) is the market value of all the products and services produced in one year by labour and property supplied by the residents of a country.
The Group of 77 at the United Nations is a loose coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations.
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Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
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Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.
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Guy Arnold (born 1932) is a British author based in Marylebone, London, and a specialist in north-south relations who writes mainly in the areas of African history and politics, and international affairs.
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Hakea (pincushion tree) is a genus of 149 species of shrubs and small trees in the Proteaceae, native to Australia.
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Harry Heinz Schwarz (13 May 1924 – 5 February 2010) was a South African lawyer, statesman and long-time political opposition leader against apartheid in South Africa, who eventually served as the South African ambassador to the United States during the country’s transition to majority rule.
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Hashim Mohammad Amla (born 31 March 1983) is a South African cricketer.
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Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony who often presides over a cabinet.
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A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.
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A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot weather, which may be accompanied by high humidity, especially in oceanic climate countries.
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Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.
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A herder is a worker who lives a possibly semi-nomadic life, caring for various domestic animals, in places where these animals wander pasture lands.
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The High Court of South Africa is a superior court of law in South Africa.
The Highveld is the portion of the South African inland plateau which has an altitude above approximately 1500 m, but below 2100 m, thus excluding the Lesotho mountain regions to the south-east of the Highveld.
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Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
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Hinduism is found in various provinces of South Africa, but primarily in KwaZulu-Natal.
The common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), or hippo, is a large, mostly herbivorous mammal in sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae, the other being the pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis).
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South Africa since 1994 transitioned from the system of apartheid to one of majority rule.
The history of the Jews in South Africa mainly begins with the European settlement in the 19th century.
HIV/AIDS denialism is the belief, contradicted by conclusive medical and scientific evidence, that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) does not cause acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
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HIV/AIDS in South Africa is a prominent health concern; South Africa is believed to have more people with HIV/AIDS than any other country in the world.
The Hominini is a tribe of the subfamily Homininae; it comprises three subtribes: Hominina, with its one genus ''Homo''; Australopithecina, comprising several extinct genera (see taxobox); and Panina, with its one genus Pan, the chimpanzees (see the evolutionary tree below).
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Homo erectus (meaning "upright man", from the Latin ērigere, "to put up, set upright") is an extinct species of hominid that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
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Homo ergaster (meaning "working man") or African Homo erectus is an extinct chronospecies of the genus Homo that lived in eastern and southern Africa during the early Pleistocene, that is, between 1.8 million and 1.3 million years ago.
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Homo rhodesiensis is an extinct hominin species of the genus Homo, described from the fossil Kabwe skull.
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Homo sapiens (Latin: "wise man") is the binomial nomenclature (also known as the scientific name) for the human species.
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Hu Jintao (胡锦涛, pronounced; born 21 December 1942) was the paramount leader of China between 2002 and 2012.
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Hugh Ramopolo Masekela (born 4 April 1939) is a South African trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer, and singer.
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Human capital flight, sometimes called brain drain, refers to the emigration of intelligent, well-educated individuals for better pay or conditions, causing their places of origin to lose skilled people, or "brains." Typically, such emigrating individuals have learned English and have moved to the United Kingdom, the United States or some other English-speaking country.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Hyenas or hyaenas (from Greek ὕαινα hýaina) are the animals of the family Hyaenidae of the feliform suborder of the Carnivora.
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Established in 2007,the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) provides an annual assessment of the quality of governance in African countries.
The ICC World Twenty20 (also referred to as the World T20, and wrongly as the T20 World Cup) is the international championship of Twenty20 cricket.
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Illegal immigration is the migration of people across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country.
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Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
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The impala (Aepyceros melampus) is a medium-sized African antelope.
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An improved drinking-water source is defined as one that, by nature of its construction or through active intervention, is likely to be protected from outside contamination, in particular from contamination with fecal matter.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.
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The Indian Premier League is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India contested annually by franchise teams representing Indian cities.
Indian South Africans are South Africans of Indian descent.
Indigenous people are those groups especially protected in international or national legislation as having a set of specific rights based on their historical ties to a particular territory, and their cultural or historical distinctiveness from other populations.
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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
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The informal sector, informal economy, or grey economy is the part of an economy that is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government.
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Institute of technology (also: university of technology, polytechnic university, technikon, and technical college) is a designation employed for a wide range of learning institutions awarding different types of degrees and operating often at variable levels of the educational system.
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".
International sanctions are actions taken by countries against others for political reasons, either unilaterally or multilaterally.
The Iron Age is the period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron.
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An ironworks or iron works is a building or site where iron is smelted and where heavy iron and/or steel products are made.
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Islam in South Africa is a minority religion, practiced by less than 1.5% of the total population, according to estimates.
John Maxwell "J.
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Jacaranda is a genus of 49 species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of Central America, South America, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and the Bahamas.
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Jacob "Baby Jake" Matlala (1 August 1962 – 7 December 2013) was a South African boxer and junior flyweight champion from Meadowlands, Johannesburg.
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Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma, GCB (born 12 April 1942) is the President of South Africa, elected by parliament following his party's victory in the 2009 general election.
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Jan Christiaan Smuts OM CH DTD ED KC FRS PC (24 May 1870 – 11 September 1950) was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman, military leader and philosopher.
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Johan Anthoniszoon "Jan" van Riebeeck (21 April 1619 – 18 January 1677) was a Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Town.
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The Jewish Virtual Library (JVL) is an online encyclopedia published by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE), one of whose "principal objectives is to enhance Israel's image by publicizing novel Israeli approaches to problems common to both our nations and illustrating how Americans can learn from these innovations." Launched in 1998, it is a comprehensive website covering topics about US-Israel relations, Israel, the Jewish people, and more.
Jody David Scheckter (born 29 January 1950) is a South African former auto racing driver.
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Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Jo'burg, eGoli, and Joeys, and abbreviated as JHB) is the largest city in South Africa.
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John II (Portuguese: João II,; 3 March 1455 – 25 October 1495), the Perfect Prince (o Príncipe Perfeito), was the king of Portugal and the Algarves in 1477/1481–1495.
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The Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation by WHO and UNICEF is the official United Nations mechanism tasked with monitoring progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) relating to drinking water and sanitation (MDG 7, Target 7c), which is to: "Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and basic sanitation".
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS, or UNAIDS, is the main advocate for accelerated, comprehensive and coordinated global action on the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
Jonas Mosa Gwangwa (born 1941 in Orlando East, Soweto) has been an important figure in South African jazz for over 40 years.
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Jonathan Kenneth Butler (born 10 October 1961) is a singer-songwriter and guitarist.
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Joost van der Westhuizen (born 20 February 1971) is a South African former rugby union player who played as a scrum-half for the national team.
Jordan Michael "Jordy" Smith (born 11 February 1988) is a professional surfer from South Africa, competing on the World Championship Tour (WCT).
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The Journal of African Economies is published five times a year by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.
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Julius Sello Malema (born 3 March 1981) is the leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters, a South African political party, which he founded in July 2013.
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July's People is a 1981 novel by the South African writer Nadine Gordimer.
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The Kalahari Desert (in Afrikaans: Kalahari-woestyn) is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in:southern Africa extending, covering much of Botswana, parts of Namibia (previously South West Africa), and South Africa.
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The Karoo (from a Khoikhoi word, possibly garo "desert") is a semi-desert natural region of South Africa.
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The Khoe languages are the largest of the non-Bantu language families indigenous to southern Africa.
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The Khoekhoe language, Khoekhoegowab, also known by the ethnic term Nama and formerly as Hottentot, is the most widespread of those non-Bantu languages of southern Africa that contain "click" sounds and have therefore been loosely classified as Khoisan.
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The Khoikhoi ("people people" or "real people") or Khoi, spelled Khoekhoe in standardised Khoekhoe/Nama orthography, are the native pastoralist people of southwestern Africa.
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"Khoisan" (also spelled Khoesaan, Khoesan or Khoe–San) is a unifying name for two groups of peoples of Southern Africa, who share physical and putative linguistic characteristics distinct from the Bantu majority of the region.
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The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are the languages of Africa that have click consonants but do not belong to other language families.
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Khwe (also rendered Kxoe, Khoe; or) is a dialect continuum of the Khoe family of Namibia, Angola, Botswana, South Africa, and small parts of Zambia, with some 8,000 speakers.
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Kimberley is the capital of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.
The Klasies River Caves are a series of caves located to the east of the Klasies River mouth on the Tsitsikamma coast in the Humansdorp district of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.
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The Knysna-Amatole montane forests ecoregion, of the Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Biome, is in South Africa.
Kromdraai Conservancy is a protected conservation park located to the south-west of Gauteng province in north-east South Africa.
Kruger National Park is one of the largest game reserves in Africa.
The kudus are two species of antelope of the genus Tragelaphus.
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Kwaito is a music genre that emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa, during the 1990s.
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The Kwazulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic is a subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of South Africa.
KwaZulu–Natal (also referred to as KZN or Natal and known as "the garden province") is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu ("Place of the Zulu" in Zulu) and Natal Province were merged.
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Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a South African male choral group that sings in the vocal styles of isicathamiya and mbube.
There is a wide variety of languages spoken throughout Asia, comprising a number of families and some unrelated isolates.
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Not to be confused with Indo-European languages. Most of the languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family.
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There are eleven official languages of South Africa: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu.
The Constitution of India designates a bilingual approach for official language of the Government of India employing usage of Hindi written in the Devanagari script, as well as English.
Lantana is a genus of about 150 species of perennial flowering plants in the verbena family, Verbenaceae.
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South Africa has a 'hybrid' or 'mixed' legal system, formed by the interweaving of a number of distinct legal traditions: a civil law system inherited from the Dutch, a common law system inherited from the British, and a customary law system inherited from indigenous Africans (often termed African Customary Law, of which there are many variations depending on the tribal origin).
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Lesotho, officially the Kingdom of Lesotho, is an enclaved, landlocked country in southern Africa completely surrounded by South Africa.
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Liberal democracy is a political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of liberalism.
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Life magazine, stylized LIFE, was an American magazine that ran weekly from 1883 to 1972, published initially as a humor and general interest magazine.
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Limpopo is the northernmost province of South Africa.
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The Limpopo River rises in central southern Africa, and flows generally eastwards to the Indian Ocean.
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Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.
Banned books are books to which free access is not permitted.
This is a list of the world's sovereign states and their dependent territories by area, ranked by its total area.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population with inclusion within the list being based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1.
This article includes three lists of countries by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e. the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
The following is a partial list of South Africa–related topics.
This is a list of universities in South Africa.
In South Africa, a local municipality or Category B municipality is a type of municipality that serves as the third, and most local, tier of local government.
Lodewicus Theodorus "Louis" Oosthuizen (born 1982) is a South African professional golfer who won the 2010 Open Championship and has finished runner-up in a further three major championships: the 2012 Masters Tournament losing in a sudden death playoff, the 2015 U.S. Open, and the 2015 Open Championship where he was defeated in a four-hole aggregate playoff.
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Luís Vaz de Camões (sometimes rendered in English as Camoens or Camoëns (e.g. by Byron in English Bards and Scotch Reviewers),; c. 1524 or 1525 –), is considered Portugal's and the Portuguese language's greatest poet.
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Lucas Valeriu Ntuba Radebe (born 12 April 1969) is a South African former footballer who played primarily as a centre-back.
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Lyndon Ferns (born 24 September 1983 in Pietersburg, South Africa) is a retired Olympic gold-medalist and former world record swimmer from South Africa.
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Mafadi (Mafadipiek) is a peak on the border of South Africa and Lesotho.
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The magistrates' courts are the lowest level of the court system in South Africa.
Mahikeng – formerly, and still commonly, known as Mafikeng and historically Mafeking in English (see name history below) – is the capital city of the North-West Province of South Africa.
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The Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith was a statement of core principles laid down by South African political leaders Mangosuthu Buthelezi and Harry Schwarz on 4 January 1974.
The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa.
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Makapansgat (or Makapan Valley world heritage site) is an archaeological location within the Makapansgat and Zwartkrans Valleys, northeast of Mokopane in Limpopo province, South Africa.
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Malapa is a fossil-bearing cave located about Northeast of the well known South African hominid-bearing sites of Sterkfontein and Swartkrans and about North-Northwest of the City of Johannesburg, South Africa.
Malnutrition continues to be a problem in the Republic of South Africa, although it is not as endemic as in other countries of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Mangosuthu Buthelezi (born 27 August 1928) is a South African politician and Zulu tribal leader who founded the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) in 1975 and was Chief Minister of the KwaZulu bantustan until 1994.
Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African entrepreneur and space tourist who became the first citizen of an independent African country to travel to space.
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Max Theiler (30 January 1899 – 11 August 1972) was a South African-American virologist and doctor.
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The media of South Africa has a large mass media sector and is one of Africa's major media centres.
The term Mediterranean climate is one typical of the Mediterranean Basin and is a particular variety of subtropical climate.
MeerKAT, originally the Karoo Array Telescope, is a radio telescope under construction in the Northern Cape of South Africa.
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The megadiverse countries are a group of countries that harbor the majority of the Earth's species and are therefore considered extremely biodiverse.
The Methodist Church of Southern Africa (MCSA) is a large Wesleyan Methodist denomination, with local churches across South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and a more limited presence in Mozambique.
In South Africa, a metropolitan municipality or Category A municipality is a municipality which executes all the functions of local government for a city or conurbation.
Mfecane (In another tradition transcribed. is the current IPA symbol for a dental click, not a lower-case. crushing), also known by the Sesotho name Difaqane (scattering, forced dispersal or forced migration) or Lifaqane, was a period of widespread chaos and warfare among indigenous ethnic communities in:southern Africa during the period between 1815 and about 1840.
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In international relations, a middle power is a sovereign state that is not a superpower or a great power, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.
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During World War II, many South Africans saw military service.
The Mineral Revolution is a term used by historians to refer to the rapid industrialisation and economic changes which occurred in South Africa from the 1870s onwards.
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A minister is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.
A ministry is a specialized organization responsible for a sector of government public administration, sometimes led by a minister or a senior public servant, that can have responsibility for one or more departments, agencies, bureaus, commissions or other smaller executive, advisory, managerial or administrative organisations.
Zenzile Miriam Makeba (4 March 1932 – 9 November 2008), nicknamed Mama Africa, was a South African singer and civil rights activist.
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A mixed economy is variously defined as an economic system consisting of a mixture of either markets and economic planning, public ownership and private ownership, or free markets and economic interventionism.
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Molecular biology concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between the different types of DNA, RNA and proteins and their biosynthesis, and studies how these interactions are regulated.
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A motion of no confidence (alternatively vote of no confidence, censure motion, no-confidence motion, or (unsuccessful) confidence motion) is a statement or vote which states that a person in a superior position—be it government, managerial, etc.—is no longer deemed fit to hold that position.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique), is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
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Mpumalanga (name changed from Eastern Transvaal on 24 August 1995), is a province of South Africa.
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A multinational state is a sovereign state which is viewed as comprising two or more nations.
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Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.
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The South African music scene includes both popular (jive) and folk forms.
Mzilikazi, also spelled Mosilikatze or Moselekatze (ca. 1790 – 9 September 1868), was a Southern African king who founded the Matabele kingdom (Mthwakazi), Matabeleland, in what became Rhodesia and is now Zimbabwe.
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Hendrik Egnatius Botha, commonly known as Naas Botha (born 27 February 1958) is a Northern Transvaal and Springboks former Rugby union player.
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Nadine Gordimer (20 November 1923 – 13 July 2014) was a South African writer, political activist and recipient of the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature.
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Namaqualand (Namakwaland) is an arid region of Namibia and South Africa, extending along the west coast over and covering a total area of.
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The Namib is a coastal desert in southern Africa.
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Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), and formerly German South-West Africa and then South West Africa, is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
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The Napoleonic Code (and officially Code civil des Français) is the French civil code established under Napoléon I in 1804.
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The Province of Natal (Provinsie van Natal), commonly referred to as the Natal Province (Natal Provinsie) was a province of South Africa from 1910 until 1994.
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Since 1997, the South African national anthem has been a hybrid song combining new English lyrics with extracts of the hymn 'Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika' (God Bless Africa) and 'Die Stem van Suid-Afrika' (The Call of South Africa).
The National Assembly is the lower house of the Parliament of South Africa, located in Cape Town, Western Cape Province.
The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) is the upper house of the Parliament of South Africa under the (post-apartheid) constitution which came into full effect in 1997.
The National Party (Nasionale Party) was a political party in South Africa founded in 1915 and first became the governing party of the country in 1924.
The National Senior Certificate or NSC is a high school diploma and is the main school-leaving certificate in South Africa.
The Native Location Act of 1879 was an act of racial segregation in South Africa.
The Natives Land Act, 1913 (subsequently renamed Bantu Land Act, 1913 and Black Land Act, 1913; Act No. 27 of 1913) was an act of the Parliament of South Africa aimed at regulating the acquisition of land by "natives", i.e. black people.
The apartheid system in South Africa was ended through a series of negotiations between 1990 and 1993 and through unilateral steps by the de Klerk government.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
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Nelspruit is a city in northeastern South Africa.
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The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is an economic development program of the African Union.
The category of newly industrialized country (NIC) is a socioeconomic classification applied to several countries around the world by political scientists and economists.
Nguni people speak Nguni languages and currently reside predominantly in Southern Africa.
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Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
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Since 1901, the Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) has been awarded annually to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning).
North West is a province of South Africa.
The Northern Cape (Noord-Kaap; Kapa Bokone) is the largest and most sparsely populated province of South Africa.
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The Northern Ndebele people (amaNdebele) are a Bantu nation and ethnic group in Southern Africa, who share a common Ndebele culture and Ndebele language.
Northern Sotho (Sesotho sa Leboa, also known by the name of its standardized dialect Sepedi or Pedi) is a Bantu language spoken primarily in South Africa, where it is one of the 11 official languages.
Ocotea bullata, (Stinkwood or Black Stinkwood, Stinkhout, Umhlungulu, Umnukane) is a species of flowering tree native to South Africa.
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Olea capensis (syn. Olea undulata), also known by the common name Black Ironwood, is an African tree species belonging to the Olive family (Oleaceae).
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Olive Schreiner (24 March 1855 – 11 December 1920) was a South African author, anti-war campaigner and intellectual.
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The Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrijstaat, Oranje-Vrystaat, abbreviated as OVS) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, and later a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa.
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The Orange River (Afrikaans/Dutch: Oranjerivier), Gariep River, Groote River or Senqu River is the longest river in South Africa.
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Os Lusíadas, usually translated as The Lusiads, is a Portuguese epic poem by Luís Vaz de Camões (sometimes anglicized as Camoens).
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Oscar Leonard Carl Pistorius OIB (born 22 November 1986) is a South African sprint runner.
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The ostrich or common ostrich (Struthio camelus) is either one or two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite family.
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Oudtshoorn, the "ostrich capital of the world", is a town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
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Out-of-pocket expenses (or out-of-pocket costs) are direct outlays of cash which may be later reimbursed.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to South Africa: South Africa – sovereign country located at the southern tip of Africa.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.
Pieter Willem Botha, DMS (12 January 1916 – 31 October 2006), commonly known as "P.
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Paarl (Afrikaans:; derived from Parel, meaning Pearl in Dutch) is a town with 191,013 inhabitants in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
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The Parliament of South Africa is South Africa's legislature and under the country's current Constitution is composed of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces.
A parliamentary republic or parliamentary constitutional republic is a type of republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.
Participation in social science refers to different mechanisms for the public to express opinions - and ideally exert influence - regarding political, economic, management or other social decisions.
Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems emphasizing proportional representation (PR) in elections in which multiple candidates are elected (e.g. elections to parliament) through allocations to an electoral list.
In South Africa, pass laws were a form of internal passport system designed to segregate the population, severely limit the movements of the black African populace, manage urbanisation, and allocate migrant labour.
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Peacekeeping refers to activities that tend to create conditions that favor lasting peace.
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Penelope ("Penny") Heyns (born 8 November 1974) is a former South African swimmer, who is best known for being the only woman in the history of the Olympic Games to have won both the 100 m and 200 m breaststroke events - at the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games - making her South Africa's first post-apartheid Olympic gold medallist following South Africa's re-admission to the Games in 1992.
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Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.
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Philomen Raul "Phil" Masinga (born 28 June 1969 in Klerksdorp) is a South African former professional footballer and manager who played as a striker from 1991 to 2002.
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The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.
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Phuthi (Síphùthì) is a Nguni Bantu language spoken in southern Lesotho and areas in South Africa adjacent to the same border.
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Pietermaritzburg (Zulu: umGungundlovu) is the capital and second-largest city in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
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Pines are conifer trees in the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae.
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Pinnacle Point a small promontory immediately south of Mossel Bay, a town on the southern coast of South Africa.
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The Poaceae (English pronunciation) (also called Gramineae or true grasses) are a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants.
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Podocarpus latifolius (Broad-leaved Yellowwood or Real Yellowwood, Opregte-geelhout, Mogôbagôba, Umcheya, Umkhoba) is a large evergreen tree up to 35 m high and 3 m trunk diameter, in the conifer family Podocarpaceae; it is the type species of the genus Podocarpus.
South Africa has a liberal constitution that protects all basic political freedoms.
Polokwane meaning "Place of Safety", City of Polokwane official website.
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Port Elizabeth or The Bay (Bhayi; iBhayi; Die Baai) is one of the largest cities in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, east of Cape Town.
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Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.
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The Preamble to the United Nations Charter is the opening (preamble) of the United Nations Charter.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity.
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In South Africa, a Premier is the head of government of one of South Africa's nine provinces.
The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under the Constitution of South Africa.
Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa.
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The Prime Minister of South Africa (Afrikaans: Premier or Eerste Minister van Suid-Afrika) was the head of government in South Africa between 1910 and 1984.
Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada consisting of the island of the same name, as well as several much smaller islands.
The Prince Edward Islands are two small islands in the sub-antarctic Indian Ocean that are part of South Africa.
The private security industry in:South Africa is an industry providing guarding, monitoring, armed reaction, escorting, investigating and other security-related services to private individuals and companies in the country.
Protea is both the botanical name and the English common name of a genus of South African flowering plants, sometimes also called sugarbushes (Afrikaans: suikerbos).
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The king protea (Protea cynaroides) is a flowering plant.
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Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.
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South Africa is divided into nine provinces.
In South Africa, a provincial legislature is the legislative branch of the government of a province.
Punk rock (or simply punk) is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
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Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.
Race, as a social construct, is a group of people who share similar and distinct physical characteristics.
Segregation is separation of humans into racial groups in daily life.
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Rainbow nation is a term coined by Archbishop Desmond Tutu to describe post-apartheid South Africa, after South Africa's first fully democratic election in 1994.
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Rainwater harvesting is the accumulation and deposition of rainwater for reuse on-site, rather than allowing it to run off.
Barbecue varies by the type of meat, sauce, rub, or other flavorings used, at which point in barbecuing they are added, the role smoke plays, the equipment and fuel used, cooking temperature, and cooking time.
Repatriation is the process of returning a person to their place of origin or citizenship.
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Retief Goosen (born 3 February 1969) is a South African professional golfer who was in the top ten in the Official World Golf Ranking for over 250 weeks between 2001 and 2007.
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The terms right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic refer to regulations requiring all bidirectional traffic, unless otherwise directed, to keep either to the right or the left side of the road, respectively.
The riverine rabbit (Bunolagus monticularis), also known as the bushman rabbit or bushman hare, is one of the most endangered mammals in the world, with only around 250 living adults.
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The Roggeveld Mountains (Afrikaans: Roggeveldberge) is a mountain range situated mainly in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.
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Roland Mark Schoeman (born 3 July 1980) is a South African swimmer and was a member of the South African swim team at the 2000 Olympic Games, 2004 Olympic Games, 2008 Olympic Games, and the 2012 Olympic Games.
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The Catholic Church in South Africa (Roman Rite) is part of the universal Catholic Church composed of the Roman Rite and 22 Eastern Rites, all under the spiritual leadership of the pope based in Vatican City.
Roman-Dutch law (Dutch: Rooms-Hollands recht, Afrikaans: Romeins-Hollandse reg) is an uncodified, scholarship-driven, judge-made legal system based on Roman law as applied in the Netherlands in the 17th and 18th centuries.
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The Royal Court Theatre is a non-commercial theatre on Sloane Square, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London.
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Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
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The rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials.
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Rustenburg (Afrikaans and Dutch: Town of Rest) is a city situated at the foot of the Magaliesberg mountain range in North West Province of South Africa.
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Rwanda (or; U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in central and east Africa.
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Ryk Neethling (born 17 November 1977) is a South African swimmer.
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Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity or corporation through subversion, obstruction, disruption, or destruction.
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Saint Helena is a tropical island of volcanic origin in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of Rio de Janeiro and west of the southern coast of Africa.
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Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is marriage between people of the same sex, either as a secular civil ceremony or in a religious setting.
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Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater.
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Sanskrit (Sanskrit: or, originally, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India.
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Beatrice "Sathima Bea" Benjamin (17 October 1936 – 20 August 2013) was a South African vocalist and composer, based for nearly 45 years in New York City.
A savanna or savannah is a grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
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Sclerophyll is a type of vegetation that has hard leaves and short internodes (the distance between leaves along the stem).
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Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
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Scouts South Africa is the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) recognised Scout association in South Africa.
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The Second Boer War (Tweede Boerenoorlog, Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, literally "Second Freedom War") otherwise known as the Second Anglo-Boer War, was fought from 11 October 1899 until 31 May 1902 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic (Transvaal Republic) and the Orange Free State.
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A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not extremely.
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Joseph "Sepp" Blatter (born 10 March 1936) is a Swiss football administrator who has served as the eighth president of FIFA (the Fédération Internationale de Football Association) since June 1998.
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The rate of sexual violence in South Africa is among the highest in the world.
Shaka kaSenzangakhona (circa 1787 – 24 September 1828) also known as Shaka Zulu, was one of the most influential monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom.
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Shrubland, scrubland, scrub or brush is a plant community characterised by vegetation dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, herbs, and geophytes.
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Slavery is a legal or economic system in which principles of property law can apply to humans so that people can be treated as property, and can be owned, bought and sold accordingly, and cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement.
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Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje (9 October 1876 – 19 June 1932) was a South African intellectual, journalist, linguist, politician, translator and writer.
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Somalia (Soomaaliya; الصومال), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.
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The Sotho language (also known as Sesotho, Southern Sotho, or Southern SesothoHistorically also Suto, or Suthu, Souto, Sisutho, Sutu, or Sesutu, according to the pronunciation of the name.) is a Southern Bantu language of the Sotho-Tswana (S.30) group, spoken primarily in South Africa, where it is one of the 11 official languages, and in Lesotho, where it is the national language.
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South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.
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The South Africa Act 1909 was an Act of the British Parliament which created the Union of South Africa from the British colonies of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal.
From the 1960s to the 1980s, South Africa pursued research into weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.
The South Africa national football team represents the Republic of South Africa in association football and is controlled by the South African Football Association, the governing body for football in South Africa.
The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the air force of South Africa, with headquarters in Pretoria.
The South African Army is the army of South Africa, first formed after the Union of South Africa was created in 1910.
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South African art is the visual art produced by the people inhabiting the geographical location of South Africa.
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The Constitution of 1983 (formally the Republic of South Africa Constitution Act, 1983) was South Africa's third constitution.
The cuisine of South Africa is sometimes called "rainbow cuisine", as it has had a variety of multicultural sources and stages.
The South African Defence Force (SADF) comprised the South African armed forces from 1957 until 1994.
South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English dialects spoken by South Africans.
In South Africa, more than 4,000 farmers have been murdered since the end of apartheid, with estimates suggesting a murder rate for commercial farmers four times the national average.
General elections were held in South Africa on 27 April 1994.
South Africa held national and provincial elections to elect a new National Assembly as well as the provincial legislature in each province on 22 April 2009.
The 2014 South African general election was held on 7 May 2014, to elect a new National Assembly and new provincial legislatures in each province.
Established in 1929http://www.sairr.org.za/profile/ the South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR) is a research and policy organisation in South Africa.
South African literature is the literature of South Africa, which has 11 national languages: Afrikaans, English, Zulu, Xhosa, Sotho, Pedi, Tswana, Venda, SiSwati, Tsonga, and Ndebele.
The South African Military Health Service is the branch of the South African National Defence Force responsible for medical facilities and the training and deployment of all medical personnel within the force.
The South African National Census of 2011 is a comprehensive census performed by Statistics South Africa, the latest in a series that is done once every ten years.
The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) comprises the armed forces of South Africa.
The South African Navy (SAN) is the navy of the South African National Defence Force.
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As a member of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, South Africa uses nuclear science for peaceful means.
The South African Party was a political party that existed in the Union of South Africa from 1911 to 1934.
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The rand (sign: R; code: ZAR) is the currency of South Africa.
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The South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.
A referendum on becoming a republic was held in South Africa on 5 October 1960.
South African Sign Language (SASL) is the official sign language used by Deaf people in South Africa.
South African Standard Time, or SAST, is the name of the time zone used by all of South Africa, as well as Swaziland and Lesotho.
The South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (abbreviations: ZPCAS or ZOPACAS; Zona de Paz y Cooperación del Atlántico Sur; Zona de Paz e Cooperação do Atlântico Sul; also called the Zone of Peace and Cooperation of the South Atlantic) was created in 1986 through resolution A/RES/41/11 of the U.N. general assembly on Brazil's initiative, with the aim of promoting cooperation and the maintenance of peace and security in the South Atlantic region.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
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The Southern Africa mangroves are an ecoregion of mangrove swamps in rivers and estuaries on the eastern coast of South Africa.
The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is a customs union among five countries of Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland.
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.
The Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) is a 10-metre class optical telescope designed mainly for spectroscopy.
The Southern Hemisphere of Earth is the half which is south of the equator.
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The Soweto String Quartet is a string quartet from Soweto in South Africa composed of Reuben Khemese, Makhosini Mnguni, Sandile Khemese and Thami Khemese.
The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a radio telescope project that will be built in Australia and South Africa.
Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area.
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State President, or Staatspresident in Afrikaans, was the title of South Africa's head of state from 1961 to 1994.
Statistics South Africa (frequently shortened to Stats SA) is the national statistical service of South Africa, with the goal of producing timely, accurate, and official statistics in order to advance economic growth, development, and democracy.
The Statute of Westminster, 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and separate versions of it are now domestic law within Australia and Canada; it has been repealed in New Zealand and implicitly by subsequent laws in former Commonwealth realms.
Statutory law or statute law is written law (as opposed to oral or customary law) set down by a legislature (as opposed to regulatory law promulgated by the executive or common law of the judiciary) or by a legislator (in the case of an absolute monarchy).
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Stellenbosch Thomas Baldwin, 1852.
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Sterkfontein (Afrikaans for Strong Spring) is a set of limestone caves of special interest to paleo-anthropologists located in Gauteng province, about 40 km (23 miles) Northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa in the Muldersdrift area close to the town of Krugersdorp.
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Steve Hofmeyr (born 29 August 1964) is a South African singer, songwriter and actor and an activist for Afrikaner rights in South Africa.
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Steven Jerome Pienaar (born 17 March 1982) is a South African professional footballer who plays for English club Everton and was captain of the South African national team until October 2012.
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The Stockholm Industry Water Award recognises impressive contributions made by businesses and industries to improve the world water situation.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara Desert.
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Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
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The Supreme Court of Appeal or SCA is an appellate court in South Africa.
Sutherland is a town with about 2,841 inhabitants in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.
The Swartberg mountains (black mountain in Afrikaans) are a mountain range in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
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Swartkrans is a South African National Heritage Site, around from Johannesburg.
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The Swartland begins some 50 kilometres north of Cape Town and consists of the regions between the towns of Malmesbury in the south, Darling in the west, Piketberg in the north and the Riebeek West and Riebeek Kasteel in the east.
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The Swazi or Swati language (Swazi: siSwati) is a Bantu language of the Nguni group spoken in Swaziland and South Africa by the Swazi people.
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Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Swaziland (or; Swazi: Umbuso weSwatini ; sometimes called kaNgwane or Eswatini), is a sovereign state in Southern Africa.
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Sydney Brenner, CH FRS FMedSci (born 13 January 1927) is a South African biologist and a 2002 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate, shared with Bob Horvitz and John Sulston.
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Syncretism is the combining of different, often contradictory beliefs, while blending practices of various schools of thought.
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Tamil also spelt Thamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.
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Taung is a small town situated in the North West Province of South Africa.
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The Taung Child (or Taung Baby) is the fossilised skull of a young Australopithecus africanus.
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South Africa has switched to a closed numbering system.
Telugu (తెలుగు telugu) is a Dravidian language and is the only language other than Hindi, English and Bengali that is predominantly spoken in more than one Indian state, being the primary language in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, as well as in the town of Yanam where it is also an official language.
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Mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome.
In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.
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Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born 18 June 1942) is a South African politician who served nine years as the second post-apartheid President of South Africa from 14 June 1999 to 24 September 2008.
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Thawte Consulting is a certificate authority (CA) for X.509 certificates.
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The Bahamas, officially the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, is an island country of the Lucayan Archipelago consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean; north of Cuba and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic); northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands; southeast of the U.S. state of Florida and east of the Florida Keys.
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The Story of an African Farm (published 1883 under the pseudonym Ralph Iron) was South African author Olive Schreiner's first published novel.
Timothy Henry Clark (born 17 December 1975) is a South African professional golfer who currently plays on the PGA Tour.
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A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure, adventure and amusement.
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Traditional African medicine is a holistic discipline involving indigenous herbalism and African spirituality, typically involving diviners, midwives, and herbalists.
The traditional beliefs and practices of African peoples include various traditional religions.
Traditional healers of South Africa are practitioners of traditional African medicine in Southern Africa.
Transparency, as used in science, engineering, business, the humanities and in other social contexts, implies openness, communication, and accountability.
The Transvaal Colony was the name used to refer to the Transvaal region during the period of direct British rule and military occupation between the end of the Anglo-Boer War in 1902 when the South African Republic was dissolved, and the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910.
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The Transvaal Ndebele language (Southern Ndebele, isiNdebele or Nrebele) is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the amaNdebele (the Ndebele people of South Africa).
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
In the history of Southern Africa, the Trekboere were nomadic pastoralists descended from mostly Dutch colonists, French Huguenots and German Protestants in the Cape Colony (founded in 1652).
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Trevor John Immelman (born 16 December 1979) is a South African professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour, European Tour and Sunshine Tour.
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The Tsonga language (Xitsonga) is a southern African Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people.
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Tsotsi is a 2005 film directed by Gavin Hood and produced by Peter Fudakowski.
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The Tswana language, Setswana, is a language spoken in southern Africa by about five million people.
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U-Carmen eKhayelitsha is a 2005 South African operatic film directed and produced by Mark Dornford-May.
Umkhonto we Sizwe (abbreviated as MK, Zulu for "Spear of the Nation") was the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC), co-founded by Nelson Mandela in the wake of the Sharpeville massacre.
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The Union of South Africa is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established on 1 January 1801 under the terms of the Acts of Union 1800, by which the nominally separate kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were united.
The United Nations Force Intervention Brigade is a military formation which forms part of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO).
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations agency mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
The United Party was South Africa's ruling political party between 1934 and 1948.
Unity in diversity is a concept of "unity without uniformity and diversity without fragmentation" that shifts focus from unity based on a mere tolerance of physical, cultural, linguistic, social, religious, political, ideological and/or psychological differences towards a more complex unity based on an understanding that difference enriches human interactions.
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Upington is a town founded in 1884 and located in the Northern Cape province of South Africa, on the banks of the Orange River.
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Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:;, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a standardised register of the Hindustani language.
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The Vaal River (pronounced and alternatively, especially by English speakers) is the largest tributary of the Orange River in South Africa.
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The Vela Incident, also known as the South Atlantic Flash, was an unidentified "double flash" of light detected by an American Vela Hotel satellite on September 22, 1979, near the Prince Edward Islands off Antarctica, which many believe was of nuclear origin.
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Veld, also spelled veldt, is a type of wide open rural landscape in:Southern Africa.
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Venda, also known as or, is a Bantu language and an official language of South Africa.
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The veneration of the dead, including one's ancestors, is based on the beliefs that the dead have a continued existence, and may possess the ability to influence the fortune of the living.
Verisign, Inc. is an American company based in Reston, Virginia, United States that operates a diverse array of network infrastructure, including two of the Internet's thirteen root nameservers, the authoritative registry for the,, and generic top-level domains and the and country-code top-level domains, and the back-end systems for the,, and top-level domains.
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Vernon Darryl Philander (born 24 June 1985) is a South African right-handed bowling all-rounder, he has previously represented his country at under 19 level.
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A vineyard is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.
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The virgin cleansing myth (also referred to as the virgin cure myth, virgin rape myth, or simply virgin myth) is the belief that having sex with a virgin girl cures a man of HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases.
Vuyani Bungu (born 26 February 1967 in Mdantsane, South Africa) was a professional boxer.
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Walvis Bay (Afrikaans Walvisbaai, German Walfischbucht or Walfischbai, all meaning "Whale Bay") is a city in Namibia and the name of the bay on which it lies.
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Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities, commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.
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The Waterberg (Thaba Meetse) is a mountainous massif of approximately 14,500 square kilometers in north Limpopo Province, South Africa.
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Welcome Ncita (born 1965-10-25) was a professional boxer and IBF Super Bantamweight Champion.
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The West Coast National Park lies 120 km north of Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
The Western Cape (Wes-Kaap, iNtshona Kapa) is a province of South Africa, situated in the south-western part of the country.
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The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, West"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term referring to different nations depending on the context.
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The Westminster system is a democratic parliamentary system of government modelled after that which developed in the United Kingdom.
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The white rhinoceros or square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is the largest extant species of rhinoceros.
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White South African is a term which refers to people from South Africa who are of European descent and who do not regard themselves, or are not regarded as, being part of another racial group (for example, as Coloured).
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The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.
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The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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Xenophobia is the dislike of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.
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Prior to 1994, immigrants from elsewhere faced discrimination and even violence in South Africa, though much of that risk stemmed from the institutionalised racism of the time due to apartheid.
The Xhosa language (or; Xhosa: isiXhosa) is one of the official languages of South Africa.
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The Xhosa people are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa living in south-east South Africa, and in the last two centuries throughout the southern and central-southern parts of the country.
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The Xhosa Wars (also known as the Cape Frontier Wars or "Africa's 100 Years War"), were a series of nine wars or flare-ups (from 1779 to 1879) between the Xhosa tribes and European settlers in what is now the Eastern Cape in South Africa.
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Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
Youth in South Africa constituted 37% of the population in 2010, numbering 19.1 million individuals.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers.
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The Zimbabwean Ndebele language, also called Northern Ndebele, isiNdebele, Sindebele, or Ndebele is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the Ndebele or Matabele people of Zimbabwe.
The Zion Christian Church (or ZCC) is the largest African initiated church in southern Africa, with millions of members belonging to the ZCC star and members belonging to Saint Engenas ZCC.
Zulu or isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.
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The Zulu (amaZulu) are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa and the largest ethnic group in South Africa, with an estimated 10–11 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal.
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.za is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for South Africa.
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The meridian 16° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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The 1820 Settlers were several groups or parties of white British colonists settled by the British government and the Cape authorities in the South African Eastern Cape in 1820.
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The 1995 Rugby World Cup was the third Rugby World Cup.
The 1996 African Cup of Nations was the 20th edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the soccer championship of Africa (CAF).
The 1996 Summer Olympics (French: Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1996), known officially as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially as the Centennial Olympics, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, from July 19 to August 4, 1996.
The 2003 ICC Cricket World Cup was the eighth Cricket World Cup, organized by the International Cricket Council (ICC).
The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
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The 22nd parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 22 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.
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The meridian 33° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Turkey, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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The 35th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 35 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.
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The 78th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on March 5, 2006, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:00 p.m. PST / 8:00 p.m. EST.
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Afrique du sud, Azania/South Africa, Capital of South Africa, ISO 3166-1:ZA, Mzansi, Ningizimu Afrika, Rep. of SOUTH AFRICA, Rep. of South Africa, Republic of South Africa, Republic of south africa, Republiek van Suid-Afrika, S Afr, S Africa, S. Africa, Saffa, Seth efrika, Sou'frica, Soufrica, South Africa's, South African, South Africans, South Africaà, South africa, South-Africa, South-African, Southafrica, Suid Africa, Suid-Afrika, The Beloved Country, The Republic of South Africa, Third Republic (South Africa), Zuid Africa, Zuid Afrika, Zuid-Afrika, Zuidafrika.