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South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east. [1]

431 relations: Abrahamic religions, Abugida, Afghan afghani, Afghanistan, Ahmadiyya, Ahmedabad, Ahom kingdom, Aksai Chin, All-India Muslim League, Alpine climate, Amritsar, Anatomically modern human, Anthropologist, Anuradhapura, Arabian Sea, Arabic alphabet, Arabs, Arthur Berriedale Keith, Arunachal Pradesh, Asia, Asian Institute, Assam, Aung San Suu Kyi, Austroasiatic languages, Autonomous regions of China, Avestan, Ayesha Jalal, Śramaṇa, Badshahi Mosque, Badulla, Balochi language, Balochistan, Balochistan, Pakistan, Bangalore, Bangladesh, Bangladesh national cricket team, Bangladeshi taka, Barisal, Bay of Bengal, BBIN, Bengali language, Bhaktapur, Bharatpur, Nepal, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Bhutan, Bhutanese ngultrum, Biratnagar, Birgunj, Bombay Stock Exchange, ..., Brahmi script, Brahui language, Brandeis University, BRICS, British Empire, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Overseas Territories, British people, British Raj, British Somaliland, Bronze Age India, Buddhism, Burmese kyat, Burmese language, Cambodia, Capital city, Central Asia, Chalukya dynasty, Chennai, Chin Hills, China, Chittagong, Chola dynasty, Coat of arms, Coimbatore, Cold War, Colombo, Colony of Aden, Columbia University, Comilla, Compact space, Constitutional monarchy, Continent, Country, Cricket, Currency, Dambulla, Dan Mozena, Dari language, Deccan Plateau, Delhi, Delhi Sultanate, Democracy, Desert, Devanagari, Dhaka, Dharan, Nepal, Diego Garcia, Dominion of Pakistan, Dravidian languages, Dravidian peoples, Dzongkha, East Asia, East India Company, Eastern Ganga dynasty, Encyclopædia Britannica, English language, Ethnic group, Eurasian Plate, Europe, Faisalabad, Faiz Mahal, Federal republic, Flag, G-20 major economies, Gautama Buddha, Genetics and archaeogenetics of South Asia, Geophysics, Geopolitics, Glacier, Gondi language, Government, Grand Jamia Mosque, Lahore, Grassland, Greater India, Green Revolution, Gross domestic product, Gujranwala, Gupta Empire, Gurmukhī alphabet, Harmandir Sahib, Herfindahl index, Himachal Pradesh, Himalayas, Hindi, Hindu, Hindu Kush, Hinduism, Hindustan, Hindustani language, Historian, History of India, Homo erectus, Hong Kong, Huns, Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Sindh, India, India and the Non-Aligned Movement, India national cricket team, Indian independence movement, Indian National Congress, Indian Ocean, Indian Plate, Indian Rebellion of 1857, Indian religions, Indian rupee, Indian subcontinent, Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan peoples, Indo-Australian Plate, Indo-European languages, Indo-Gangetic Plain, Indo-Iranian languages, Indo-Iranians, Indology, Indonesia, Indus River, Indus Valley Civilization, Instrument of Accession, International Monetary Fund, Intertropical Convergence Zone, Iran, Iranian languages, Iranian Plateau, Iron Age India, Islam, Islamabad, Islamic republic, Itahari, Jaffna, Jainism, Jaipur, Jammu and Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir (princely state), Jane's Information Group, John R. 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Abrahamic religions

Abrahamic religions (also Semitic religions) are monotheistic religions of West Asian origin, emphasizing and tracing their common origin to Abraham or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with him.

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Abugida

An abugida (from Ge'ez አቡጊዳ ’äbugida), also called an alphasyllabary, is a segmental writing system in which consonant–vowel sequences are written as a unit: each unit is based on a consonant letter, and vowel notation is secondary.

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Afghan afghani

The Afghani (sign: Afs; Pashto: افغانۍ; Dari افغانی; code: AFN) is the currency of Afghanistan.

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Afghanistan

Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

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Ahmadiyya

Ahmadiyya (officially the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated) is an Islamic religious movement founded in British India near the end of the 19th century.

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Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad (also known as Amdavad Gujarati pronunciation) is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat.

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Ahom kingdom

The Ahom kingdom (1228–1826) was a kingdom in the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam, India that maintained its sovereignty for nearly 600 years and successfully resisted Mughal expansion in Northeast India.

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Aksai Chin

Aksai Chin (अक्साई चिन, Aksā'ī cin; Urdu: اکسائی چن; ﺋﺎﻗﺴﺎﻱ ﭼﯩﻦ) is one of the two main disputed border areas between China and India, the other being a part of Arunachal Pradesh.

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All-India Muslim League

The All-India Muslim League (popularised as Muslim League) was a political party established during the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire.

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Alpine climate

Alpine climate is the average weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line.

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Amritsar

Amritsar (ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰ) historically also known as Rāmdāspur and colloquially as Ambarsar, is a city in north-western part in India and the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district in the state of Punjab.

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Anatomically modern human

The term anatomically modern humans (AMH) or anatomically modern Homo sapiens (AMHS) refers in paleoanthropology to individual members of the species Homo sapiens with an appearance consistent with the range of phenotypes in modern humans.

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Anthropologist

An anthropologist is a person with an extensive knowledge of anthropology who uses this knowledge in their work, typically to solve problems specific to humanity.

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Anuradhapura

Anuradhapura (අනුරාධපුරය; Tamil: அனுராதபுரம்) is a major city in Sri Lanka.

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Arabian Sea

The Arabian Sea is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by northeastern Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the east by India.

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Arabic alphabet

The Arabic alphabet (الأَبْجَدِيَّة العَرَبِيَّة or الحُرُوف العَرَبِيَّة) or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing the Arabic language.

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Arabs

Arabs (عرب, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.

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Arthur Berriedale Keith

Arthur Berriedale Keith (5 April 1879, Aberdeen – 6 October 1944) was a Scottish constitutional lawyer, scholar of Sanskrit and Indologist.

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Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.

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Asia

Asia is the Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres.

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Asian Institute

The Asian Institute is a research centre at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, and is located in the historical Devonshire House, a former residential hall of the university's Trinity College.

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Assam

Assam (Ôxôm) is a state in Northeast India.

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Aung San Suu Kyi

# Aung San Suu Kyi AC (born 19 June 1945) is a Burmese opposition politician and chairperson of the National League for Democracy (NLD) in Burma.

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Austroasiatic languages

The Austroasiatic languages, in recent classifications synonymous with Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of continental Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of China.

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Autonomous regions of China

An autonomous region (AR) is a first-level administrative subdivision of China.

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Avestan

Avestan, formerly also known as "Zend", is an Iranian language of the Eastern Iranian division, known only from its use as the language of Zoroastrian scripture, i.e. the Avesta, from which it derives its name.

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Ayesha Jalal

Ayesha Jalal (Punjabi, عائشہ جلال) is a Pakistani-American historian.

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Śramaṇa

Śramaṇa in Sanskrit (samaṇa in Pali) means "beautiful mind." It was an Indian religious movement parallel to but separate from the historical Vedic religion.

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Badshahi Mosque

The Badshahi Mosque (بادشاہی مسجد, Imperial Mosque) in Lahore was commissioned by the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

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Badulla

Badulla (බදුල්ල, பதுளை) is a major city in Sri Lanka.

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Balochi language

Balochi is a Northwestern Iranian language.

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Balochistan

Balochistan or Baluchistan (بلوچستان, lit. Land of the Baloch) is an arid desert and mountainous region on the Iranian plateau in south-western Asia, northwest of the Arabian Sea.

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Balochistan, Pakistan

Balochistan (Balochi, Pashto, بلوچِستان), is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, located in the southwestern region of the country.

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Bangalore

Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Bangladesh

Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ,, lit. "The land of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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Bangladesh national cricket team

The Bangladesh national cricket team (বাংলাদেশ জাতীয় ক্রিকেট দল), nicknamed the Tigers, represents Bangladesh in international cricket.

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Bangladeshi taka

The Bangladeshi taka (টাকা, sign: ৳ or Tk, code: BDT) is the official currency of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

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Barisal

Barisal (বরিশাল Bariśāl) is one of the major cities in Bangladesh.

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Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal, the largest bay in the world, forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean.

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BBIN

The Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal (BBIN) Initiative is a sub regional coordinative architecture of countries in South Asia.

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Bengali language

Bengali or Bangla (বাংলা) is the language native to the region of Bengal, which comprises the present-day nation of Bangladesh and of the Indian states West Bengal, Tripura and southern Assam.

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Bhaktapur

Bhaktapur (भक्तपुर), literally translates to Place of devotees.

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Bharatpur, Nepal

Bharatpur (भरतपुर) is a city in the central-southern part of Nepal.

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Bhopal

Bhopal is the capital of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal district and Bhopal division.

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Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar, also spelt Bhubaneshwar Bhubanēswara), is the capital of the Indian state of Odisha, formerly known as Orissa. The city has a history of over 3,000 years starting with the Mahamegha-bahana Chedi dynasty (around the 2nd century BCE) which had its capital at Sisupalgarh, nearby. Bhubaneswar, derived its name from Tribhubaneswar, which literally means the Lord (Eeswar) of the Three World (Tribhuban), which refers to Shiva. Bhubaneswar has been known by names such as Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Kshetra and Mandira Malini Nagari ("City of Temples"). It is the largest city in Odisha and is a centre of economic and religious importance in Eastern India. With many Hindu temples, which span the entire spectrum of Kalinga architecture, Bhubaneswar is often referred to as a 'Temple City of India' and with Puri and Konark it forms the Swarna Tribhuja ("Golden Triangle"), one of eastern India's most visited destinations.Ramesh Prasad Mohapatra, Archaeology in Orissa, Vol I, Page 47, B. R. Publishing Corporation, Delhi, 1986, ISBN 81-7018-346-4 Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital in 1948, the year after India gained its independence from Britain. The modern city was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. Along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it was one of modern India's first planned cities. Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are often referred to as the 'twin cities of Odisha'. The metropolitan area formed by the two cities had a population of 1.7 million in 2011. Bhubaneswar is categorised as a Tier-2 city. An emerging information technology (IT) and education hub, Bhubaneswar is one of the country's fastest-developing cities.

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Bhutan

Bhutan (Dzongkha Dru Ü), officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia at the eastern end of the Himalayas.

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Bhutanese ngultrum

The ngultrum (ISO 4217 code BTN) (Dzongkha: དངུལ་ཀྲམ) has been the currency of Bhutan since 1974.

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Biratnagar

Biratnagar (विराटनगर) is a sub-metropolitan municipality and the fourth largest city of Nepal after Kathmandu, Pokhara and Patan.

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Birgunj

Birgunj (also Birganj) (Nepali: बीरगंज) is a metropolitan municipality and border town in Parsa District in the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal.

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Bombay Stock Exchange

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is an Indian stock exchange located at Dalal Street, Kala Ghoda, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

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Brahmi script

Brahmi is the modern name given to one of the oldest writing systems used in the Indian subcontinent and in Central Asia during the final centuries BCE and the early centuries CE.

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Brahui language

Brahui (Brahui: براہوئی) is a Dravidian language spoken by the Brahui people in the central Balochistan region of Pakistan and Afghanistan, and by expatriate Brahui communities in Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, and Iran.

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Brandeis University

Brandeis University is an American private research university with a liberal arts focus.

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BRICS

BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.

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British Indian Ocean Territory

The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom situated in the Indian Ocean halfway between Tanzania and Indonesia.

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British Overseas Territories

The fourteen British Overseas Territories (BOT) are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom; they do not, however, form part of it.

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British people

British people, or Britons, are the indigenous people or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies; and their descendants.

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British Raj

The British Raj (rāj, meaning "rule" in Hindi) was the rule of Great Britain in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.

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British Somaliland

British Somaliland (Dhulka Soomaalida ee Biritishka, الصومال البريطاني Al-Sumal Al-Britaniy) was a British protectorate in present-day Somaliland.

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Bronze Age India

The Bronze Age in South Asia begins around 3000 BC, and in the end gives rise to the Indus Valley Civilization, which had its (mature) period between 2600 BC and 1900 BC.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Burmese kyat

The kyat (ကျပ်; ISO 4217 code MMK) is the currency of Burma (Myanmar).

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Burmese language

The Burmese language (မြန်မာဘာသာ, MLCTS: myanma bhasa) is the official language of Myanmar.

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Cambodia

Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, Kampuchea), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Preah Reacheanachak Kampuchea) and once known as the Khmer Empire, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality enjoying primary status in a country, state, province, or other region, usually as its seat of government.

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Central Asia

Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

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Chalukya dynasty

The Chalukya dynasty was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries.

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Chennai

Chennai (also known as Madras) is the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Chin Hills

The Chin Hills are a range of mountains in Chin State, northwestern Burma (Myanmar), that extends northward into India's Manipur state.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Chittagong

Chittagong (চট্টগ্রাম; Porto Grande de Bengala; Mughal Islamabad) is a major coastal seaport city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh.

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Chola dynasty

The Chola dynasty (also called Choda and Cholan) was an ancient dynasty of southern India.

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a unique heraldic design on an escutcheon (i.e. shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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Coimbatore

Coimbatore also known as Kovai, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact).

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Colombo

Colombo (Sinhala: කොළඹ, pronounced; கொழும்பு) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.

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Colony of Aden

The Colony of Aden or Aden Colony (مستعمرة عدن) was a British Crown colony from 1937 to 1963 located in the south of contemporary Yemen.

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Columbia University

Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

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Comilla

Comilla (কুমিল্লা) is a city in eastern Bangladesh, located along the Dhaka-Chittagong Highway.

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Compact space

In mathematics, and more specifically in general topology, compactness is a property that generalizes the notion of a subset of Euclidean space being closed (that is, containing all its limit points) and bounded (that is, having all its points lie within some fixed distance of each other).

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Constitutional monarchy

A constitutional monarchy, limited monarchy or parliamentary monarchy (also called a crowned republic) is a form of government in which governing powers of the monarch are restricted by a constitution.

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Continent

A continent is one of several very large landmasses on Earth.

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Country

A country is a region that is identified as a distinct entity in political geography.

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Cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players each on a field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch.

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Currency

A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis) in the most specific use of the word refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.

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Dambulla

Dambulla is a large town, situated in the Matale District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, situated north-east of Colombo and north of Kandy.

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Dan Mozena

Dan Mozena (born May 1, 1949 in Dubuque, Iowa) is a United States Foreign Service Officer and a member of the Senior Foreign Service.

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Dari language

Dari (دری) or Dari Persian (فارسی دری) is the variety of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan.

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Deccan Plateau

The Deccan PlateauPage 46, (Tamil: தக்கன், Telugu: దక్కన్, Kannada: ದಕ್ಕನ್, Malayalam: ടക്കാൻ, Marathi: दक्कन) is a large plateau in India, making up most of the southern part of the country.

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Delhi

Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is the Capital territory of India.

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Delhi Sultanate

The Delhi Sultanate was a Muslim kingdom based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526).

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Democracy

Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...

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Desert

A desert is a barren area of land where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.

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Devanagari

Devanagari (देवनागरी devanāgarī a compound of "deva" and "nāgarī"), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी),Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1615301492, page 83 is an abugida (alphasyllabary) alphabet of India and Nepal.

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Dhaka

Dhaka (ঢাকা,;,; formerly known as Dacca) is the capital of Bangladesh.

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Dharan, Nepal

Dharan (धरान) is a major city, one of three Sub Metropolitan cities in eastern Nepal, in the Sunsari District, and is situated on the foothills of the Mahabharat Range in the north with its southern tip touching the edge of the Terai region at an altitude of 1148 ft (349m).

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Diego Garcia

Diego Garcia is an atoll located south of the equator in the central Indian Ocean.

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Dominion of Pakistan

Dominion of Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য, Pakistan ôdhirajyô; مملکتِ پاکستان, Mumlikāt-ē Pākistān), also usually called Pakistan; was an independent federal Dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 on the Partition of India into two sovereign countries (the other being the Dominion of India).

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Dravidian languages

The Dravidian languages are a language family spoken mainly in southern India and parts of eastern and central India as well as in northeastern Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and overseas in other countries such as Malaysia and Singapore.

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Dravidian peoples

Dravidians are native speakers of any of the Dravidian languages of South Asia.

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Dzongkha

Dzongkha (Wylie: rdzong-kha, Roman Dzongkha: Dzongkha"Guide to Official Dzongkha Romanization" by G. van Driem), occasionally Ngalopkha ("language of the Ngalop people"), is the national language of Bhutan.

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East Asia

East Asia or Eastern Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

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Eastern Ganga dynasty

The Eastern Ganga dynasty reigned from Kalinga and their rule consisted of the whole of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha as well as parts of West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh from the 11th century to the early 15th century.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Ethnic group

An ethnic group or ethnicity is a socially defined category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, social, cultural or national experience.

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Eurasian Plate

The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate which includes most of the continent of Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the traditional continents of Europe and Asia), with the notable exceptions of the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Chersky Range in East Siberia.

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Europe

Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

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Faisalabad

Faisalabad, formerly Lyallpur, is the third most populous city in Pakistan after Karachi and Lahore.

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Faiz Mahal

Faiz Mahal is located in Khairpur city of Sindh Province of Pakistan; which is similarly classical Mughlia architectures such as Taj Mahal.

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Federal republic

A federal republic is a federation of states with a democratic form of government.

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Flag

A flag is a piece of fabric (most often rectangular or quadrilateral) with a distinctive design that is used as a symbol, as a signaling device, or as decoration.

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G-20 major economies

The Group of Twenty (also known as the G-20 or G20) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies.

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Gautama Buddha

Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni, or simply the Buddha, was a sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

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Genetics and archaeogenetics of South Asia

The study of the genetics and archaeogenetics of the ethnic groups '''of''' South Asia aims at uncovering these groups' genetic history.

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Geophysics

Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.

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Geopolitics

Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ ge "earth, land" and πολιτική politikē "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on international politics and international relations.

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Glacier

A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.

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Gondi language

Gondi is a South-Central Dravidian language, spoken by about two million Gond people, chiefly in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Telangana, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and in various adjoining areas of neighbouring states.

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Government

A government is the system by which a state or community is controlled.

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Grand Jamia Mosque, Lahore

Grand Jamia Mosque is a mosque located in Bahria Town, Lahore, Pakistan.

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Grassland

Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae), however sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found.

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Greater India

Greater India was the historical extent of the culture of India beyond the Indian subcontinent.

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Green Revolution

The Green Revolution refers to a series of research and development and technology transfer initiatives, occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s (with prequels in the work of the agrarian genetist Nazareno Strampelli in the 1920s and 1930s), that increased agricultural production worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.

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Gross domestic product

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.

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Gujranwala

Gujranwala Gujranwala (Punjabi, گوجرانوالا) is an industrial city in Gujranwala District, Punjab province of Pakistan.

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Gupta Empire

The Gupta Empire (गुप्तसाम्राज्य) was an ancient Indian empire, founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, which existed at its zenith from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent.

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Gurmukhī alphabet

Gurmukhi is an alphabetic abugida developed from the Laṇḍā scripts and was standardised during the 16th century by Guru Angad, the second guru of Sikhism.

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Harmandir Sahib

The Harmandir Sahib (Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ), also Darbar Sahib (Punjabi: ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ) and informally referred to as the "Golden Temple", is the holiest Sikh gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.

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Herfindahl index

The Herfindahl index (also known as Herfindahl–Hirschman Index, or HHI) is a measure of the size of firms in relation to the industry and an indicator of the amount of competition among them.

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Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh (literally "Snow-ladden Region") is a state in Northern India.

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Himalayas

The Himalayas or Himalaya (or; हिमालय, Nepali: हिमालय, Hindi: हिमालय, ہمالیہ; from Sanskrit hima (snow) + ālaya (dwelling), literally meaning "abode of snow") is a mountain range in South Asia and East Asia which separates the Indo-Gangetic Plain from the Tibetan Plateau.

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Hindi

Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Hindu

Hindu has historically referred to geographical, religious or cultural identifier for people indigenous to the Indian subcontinent.

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Hindu Kush

The Hindu Kush (Pashto, Persian and هندوکش), also known in Sanskrit as Pāriyātra Parvata and in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus Καύκασος Ινδικός) or Paropamisadae (Παροπαμισάδαι), is an mountain range that stretches between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. It forms the western section of the Hindu Kush Himalayan Region (HKH). It divides the valley of the Amu Darya (the ancient Oxus) to the north from the Indus River valley to the south. The highest point in the Hindu Kush is Tirich Mir or Terichmir at in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. To the east, the Hindu Kush buttresses the Pamir Mountains near the point where the borders of China, Pakistan and Afghanistan meet, after which it runs southwest through Pakistan and into Afghanistan, finally merging into minor ranges in western Afghanistan. The mountain range separates Central Asia from South Asia.

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Hinduism

Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.

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Hindustan

Hindustan (हिन्दुस्तान; ہندوستان; IAST) is a common geographic term for the northern/northwestern Indian subcontinent.

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Hindustani language

Hindustani (हिन्दुस्तानी, ||lit.

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Historian

A historian is a person who researches, studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.

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History of India

The history of India begins with evidence of human activity Anatomically modern humans, as long as 75,000 years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from about 500,000 years ago.

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Homo erectus

Homo erectus (meaning "upright man", from the Latin ērigere, "to put up, set upright") is an extinct species of hominid that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong, traditionally Hongkong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.

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Huns

The Huns were a nomadic group of people who are known to have lived in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia between the 1st century AD and the 7th century.

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Hyderabad

Hyderabad (often) is the capital of the southern Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.

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Hyderabad, Sindh

Hyderabad (حيدرآباد, حيدرآباد) is a city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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India and the Non-Aligned Movement

India played an important role in the multilateral movements of colonies and newly independent countries that developed into the Non-Aligned Movement.

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India national cricket team

The Indian cricket team, also known as Team India and Men in Blue, is the national cricket team of India.

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Indian independence movement

The term Indian Independence Movement encompasses activities and ideas aiming to end first East India Company rule (1757–1858), then the British Raj (1858–1947).

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Indian National Congress

The Indian National Congress (INC, often called the Congress), is one of two major political parties in India; the other being the Bharatiya Janata Party.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.

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Indian Plate

The Indian Plate or India Plate is a major tectonic plate straddling the equator in the eastern hemisphere.

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Indian Rebellion of 1857

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 refers to a rebellion in India against the rule of the East India Company, that ran from May 1857 to June 1858.

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Indian religions

Indian religions, also termed as Dharmic faiths or religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism.

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Indian rupee

The rupee, or more specifically the Indian rupee (symbol: ₹; ISO code: INR) (Unicode U+20B9) is the official currency of the Republic of India.

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Indian subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

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Indo-Aryan languages

The Indo-Aryan or Indic languages are the dominant language family of the Indian subcontinent, spoken largely by Indo-Aryan people.

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Indo-Aryan peoples

Indo-Aryan are an ethno-linguistic group referring to the wide collection of peoples united as native speakers of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-Iranian language family, and is in turn a member of the larger Indo-European language family.

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Indo-Australian Plate

The Indo-Australian Plate was a major tectonic plate that included the continent of Australia and surrounding ocean, and extended northwest to include the Indian subcontinent and adjacent waters.

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Indo-European languages

The Indo-European languages are a family of several hundred related languages and dialects.

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Indo-Gangetic Plain

The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as Indus-Ganga and the North Indian River Plain, is a 255 million hectare (630 million acre) fertile plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh.

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Indo-Iranian languages

The Indo-Iranian languages or Indo-Iranic languages and sometimes in older literature known as the Aryan languages, constitute the largest and easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Indo-Iranians

Indo-Iranian peoples, also known as Indo-Iranic peoples by scholars, and sometimes as Aryans from their self-designation, are a grouping of ethnic groups consisting of the Indo-Aryan, Iranian and Nuristani peoples; that is, speakers of Indo-Iranian languages, a major branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Indology

Indology is the academic study of the history and cultures, languages, and literature of the Indian subcontinent (most specifically the modern-day states of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal and the eastern parts of Afghanistan), and as such is a subset of Asian studies.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Indus River

The Indus River, also called the Sindhū River (سنڌو دريا), or Abāsīn (اباسين) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, is one of the longest rivers in Asia.

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Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE, pre-Harappan cultures starting c.7500 BCE) in northwest Indian subcontinent (including present day Pakistan, northwest India) and also in some regions in northeast Afghanistan.

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Instrument of Accession

The Instrument of Accession was a legal document first introduced by the Government of India Act 1935 and used in 1947 to enable each of the rulers of the princely states under British suzerainty to join one of the new dominions of India or Pakistan created by the Partition of British India.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".

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Intertropical Convergence Zone

The Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums, is the area encircling the earth near the equator where the northeast and southeast trade winds come together.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Iranian languages

The Iranian languages or Iranic languages form a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages, which in turn are a branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Iranian Plateau

The Persian Plateau, or Iranian Plateau, is a geological formation in Western Asia and Central Asia.

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Iron Age India

Iron Age India, the Iron Age in the Indian subcontinent (South Asia), succeeds the Late Harappan (Cemetery H) culture, also known as the last phase of the Indus Valley Tradition.

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Islam

Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Islamabad

Islamabad (اسلام آباد.) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the Islamabad Capital Territory.

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Islamic republic

Islamic republic is the name given to several states in countries ruled by Islamic laws, including the Islamic Republics of Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, and Mauritania.

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Itahari

Itahari (इटहरी.) is a Sub-Metropolitan and second largest city in Sunsari District in the Koshi Zone of south-eastern Nepal.

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Jaffna

Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் Yalpanam, යාපනය Yāpanaya) is the capital city of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka.

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Jainism

Jainism, traditionally known as the Jina śāsana or Jain dharma, is one of the oldest Indian religions and belongs to the śramaṇa tradition.

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Jaipur

Jaipur is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan in Northern India.

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Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northern India.

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Jammu and Kashmir (princely state)

Jammu and Kashmir was, from 1846 until 1952, a princely state in the British Empire in India, and was ruled by Jamwal Rajput Dogra Dynasty.

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Jane's Information Group

Jane's Information Group (often referred to as Jane's) is a British publishing company specialising in military, aerospace and transportation topics.

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John R. Lukacs

John R. Lukacs (born March 1, 1947) is an American anthropologist.

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Jute

Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fibre that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.

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Kabul

Kabul (کابل, کابل) is the capital of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan as well as the largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country.

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Kandy

Kandy (මහ නුවර Maha nuwara, pronounced; கண்டி, pronounced) is a major city in Sri Lanka, located in the Central Province, Sri Lanka.

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Kannada

Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ kannaḍa) or Canarese/Kanarese, is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in the South Indian state of Karnataka, and by linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, and Goa.

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Kanpur

Kanpur (formerly Cawnpore) is the largest city in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India.

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Karachi

Karachi (ڪراچي, کراچی / ALA-LC) is the capital of the province of Sindh, as well as the largest and most populous metropolitan city of Pakistan.

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Karachi Stock Exchange

The Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE), is a stock exchange currently located at the Stock Exchange Building (SEB) on Stock Exchange Road, in the heart of Karachi's Business District, I. I. Chundrigar Road, Karachi, Sindh Province of Pakistan.

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Karakoram

The Karakoram, or Karakorum (سلسلہ کوہ قراقرم; Balti: ཁརན ཨ ཀུརམ, Uyghur), is a large mountain range spanning the borders between Pakistan, India and China, located in the regions of Gilgit–Baltistan (Pakistan), Ladakh (India), and southern Xinjiang (China).

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Kashmiri language

Kashmiri (کأشُر), or Koshur, is a language from the Dardic subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages and it is spoken primarily in the Kashmir Valley, in Jammu and Kashmir.

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Kathmandu

Kathmandu (Nepali pronunciation), (Nenglish: Catmandoo), is the capital and largest municipality of Nepal.

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Katunayake

Katunayake (in Sinhala, in Tamil), is a suburb of Negombo city in Western Province, Sri Lanka.

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Köppen climate classification

Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kerala

Kerala, sometimes referred to in historical terms as Keralam, is a state in the south-west region of India on the Malabar coast.

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Khairpur

Khairpur (خيرپُور), (خیرپور), (khīr´poor) is a city and the capital of the Khairpur District, in Sindh Province, Pakistan.

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Khasi and Jaintia Hills

The Khasi and Jaintia Hills are a mountainous region that was mainly part of Assam Province in British India.

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Khulna

Khulna (খুলনা) is the third-largest city in Bangladesh.

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Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa abbreviated as KPK (خیبر پښتونخوا.), formerly known as '''North-West Frontier Province''' abbreviated as NWFP, in Urdu Sarhad (means Frontier), is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country.

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Kirant Mundhum

Kirat Mundhum (also Kirati Mundhum), also called Kiratism or Kirantism, is the religion of the Kiratis: Limbu, Rai, Sunuwar and Yakkha peoples of Nepal, India, Myanmar and now practiced in the UK, China, USA and many other countries.

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Kochi

Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south west coast of India by the Laccadive Sea and is part of the district of Ernakulam in the state of Kerala.

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Kohistan District, Pakistan

Kohistan (کوہستان, meaning "land of mountains"; اباسين کوهستان), also called Abasin Kohistan or Indus Kohistan, is an administrative district within Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Hazara division covering an area of; it had a population of 472,570 at the 1998 Census.

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Kolkata

Kolkata, formerly Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Kozhikode

Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is a city in the state of Kerala in southern India on the Malabar Coast.

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Kunlun Mountains

The Kunlun Mountains (Хөндлөн Уулс Hundlun) are one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending more than.

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Kurukh language

Kurukh (also Kurux and Oraon or Uranw; Devanagari: कुड़ुख़) is a Dravidian language spoken by nearly two million Oraon and Kisan tribal peoples of Odisha and surrounding areas of India (Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and West Bengal), as well as by 50,000 in northern Bangladesh, 28,600 a dialect called Dhangar in Nepal, and about 5,000 in Bhutan.

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Kurunegala

Kurunegala (කුරුණෑගල, குருணாகல்) is a major city in Sri Lanka.

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Kushan Empire

The Kushan Empire (Κυϸανο, Kushano; कुषाण राजवंश Kuṣāṇ Rājavaṃśa; BHS:; 𐭊𐭅𐭔𐭍 𐭇𐭔𐭕𐭓 Kušan-xšaθr) was a syncretic Empire formed by Yuezhi in the Greco-Bactrian territories of the early 1st century.

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Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan (Кыргызстан Kyrgyzstan; Киргизия or Кыргызстан), officially the Kyrgyz Republic (Кыргыз Республикасы Kyrgyz Respublikasy; Кыргызская Республика Kyrgyzskaya Respublika), formerly known as Kirghizia, is a country located in Central Asia.

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Ladakh

Ladakh ("land of high passes") (Ladakhi: ལ་དྭགས la'dwags; लद्दाख़; لَدّاخ) is a region in Jammu and Kashmir that currently extended from the Kuen Lun mountain range to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.

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Lahore

Lahore (ALA-LC:; لہور, لاہور ALA-LC) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, the second largest metropolitan area in the country and 16th most populous city in the world.

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Land

Land, sometimes referred to as dry land, is the solid surface of the Earth that is not permanently covered by water.

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Laos

Laos ((or) ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (LPDR) (République démocratique populaire lao), is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and the People's Republic of China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west.

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Lhasa

Lhasa is a city and administrative capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.

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Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (தமிழீழ விடுதலைப் புலிகள், දෙමළ ඊළාම් විමුක්ති කොටි, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) is a now-defunct militant organisation that was based in northern Sri Lanka.

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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's sovereign states and their dependent territories by area, ranked by its total area.

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List of countries and dependencies by population

This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population with inclusion within the list being based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1.

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List of countries by GDP (nominal)

Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.

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List of countries by GDP (PPP)

This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year.

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List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty

These are the lists of countries of the world by percentage of population living in poverty.

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List of Rajput dynasties and states

During the medieval period, many parts of India and modern-day Pakistan were being ruled by various dynasties of ruling Hindu warrior class- Rajput.

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List of sovereign states and dependent territories by population density

This is a list of countries and dependencies ranked by human population density and measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer or square mile.

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List of stock exchanges

This is a list of active stock exchanges.

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List of tallest buildings and structures in South Asia

This list of tallest buildings in South Asia ranks skyscrapers and structures in South Asia based on official height.

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Lotus Temple

The Lotus Temple, located in New Delhi, India, is a Bahá'í House of Worship completed in 1986.

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Lucknow

Lucknow is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Magadha

Magadha formed one of the sixteen mahajanapadas (Sanskrit: "Great Countries") of ancient India.

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Mahajanapada

A Mahājanapada (literally "great realm", from maha, "great", and janapada "foothold of a tribe", "country") is one of the sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in ancient India from the sixth centuries BCE to fourth centuries CE.

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Mahavira

Mahavira also known as Vardhamana, was the twenty-fourth and last tirthankara of Jainism of present Avasarpani era (ascending half of the time cycle as per Jain cosmology).

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Malayalam

Malayalam, sometimes referred to as Kairali, is a language spoken in India, predominantly in the state of Kerala.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia.

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Malé

Malé (މާލެ) is the capital and most populous city in the Republic of Maldives.

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Maldives

The Maldives (or;, officially the Republic of Maldives; ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ Dhivehi Raa'jeyge Jumhooriyya) is a sovereign island country and archipelago in the Indian Ocean.

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Maldivian language

Maldivian (autonym: ދިވެހިބަސް, divehi-bas, lit. "Maldivian language" or simply ދިވެހި, divehi, "Maldivian") is an Indo-Aryan language predominantly spoken by about 350,000 people in the Maldives, where it is the national language.

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Maldivian rufiyaa

The rufiyaa (Dhivehi) is the currency of the Maldives.

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Mandarin Chinese

Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.

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Manipur

Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.

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Maratha

The Maratha (archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra.

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Maratha Empire

The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian imperial power that existed from 1674 to 1818.

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Matara

Matara can refer to.

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Mauritius

Mauritius (Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.

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Maurya Empire

The Maurya Empire, also known as the Mauryan Empire, was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power in ancient India, ruled by the Maurya dynasty from 322–185 BCE.

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Meghalaya

Meghalaya is a state in north-east India.

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Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL), or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m.a.s.l.), is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation of a location in reference to historic mean sea level; the determination of what actually constitutes mean sea level over time however, may be determined by other parameters, such as the effects of climate history and climate change, and may have differed in the past, as well as in the future, from that established by historic, modern, documented elevations.

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Middle kingdoms of India

Middle kingdoms of India (or Classical India) refers to the political entities in India from the 3rd century BCE and the 13th century CE.

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Military dictatorship

A military dictatorship is a form of government in which a member of the military holds authoritarian control.

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Mizoram

Mizoram is one of the states of Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital.

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Monsoon

Monsoon (UK:; US) is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire or Mogul Empire, self-designated as Gurkani (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān, meaning "son-in-law"), was an empire established and ruled by a Persianate dynasty of Chagatai Turco-Mongol origin that extended over large parts of the Indian subcontinent and Afghanistan.

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Muhammad bin Qasim

‘Imād ad-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Qāsim ath-Thaqafī (عماد الدين محمد بن القاسم الثقفي; c. 31 December 69518 July 715) was an Umayyad general who conquered the Sindh and Multan regions along the Indus River (now a part of Pakistan) for the Umayyad Caliphate.

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Multan

Multan (مُلتان), is a city in Punjab, Pakistan.

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Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Muslim

A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the Quran.

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Muslim conquests on the Indian subcontinent

Muslim conquests on the Indian subcontinent mainly took place from the 12th to the 16th centuries, though earlier Muslim conquests made limited inroads into modern Afghanistan and Pakistan as early as the time of the Rajput kingdoms in the 8th century.

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Myanmar

Myanmar (or (also with the stress on first syllable)), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.

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Nagaland

Nagaland is a state in Northeast India.

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Narayanganj

Narayanganj (Bengali: নারায়ণগঞ্জ Naraeongônj) is a city in central Bangladesh.

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National Stock Exchange of India

The National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is the leading stock exchange of India, located in Mumbai.

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Naypyidaw

Naypyidaw (officially spelled Nay Pyi Taw and Naypyitaw;, formerly known as Kyetpyay, Pyinmana or Kyatpyay, Pyinmana) is the capital city of Myanmar, also known as Burma.

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Negombo

Negombo (Sinhala: මීගමුව; Tamil: நீர்கொழும்பு) is a major city in Sri Lanka, located on the west coast of the island and at the mouth of the Negombo Lagoon, in Western Province, Sri Lanka.

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Nepal

Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country located in South Asia.

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Nepalese rupee

The rupee (रूपैयाँ) is the official currency of Nepal.

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Nepali language

Nepali or Nepalese is an Indo-Aryan language.

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New Delhi

New Delhi is a district in Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of the Government of India.

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Non-Aligned Movement

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states which are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

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North America

North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.

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North India

North India (उत्तर भारत, ਉੱਤਰ ਭਾਰਤ, شمالي هندستان) is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

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Nuwara Eliya

Nuwara Eliya (නුවර එළිය; நுவரேலியா) is a city, in the hill country of the Central Province, Sri Lanka.

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Official language

An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

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Old Goa

Old Goa (Konkani:पोरणें गोंय, Pornnem Goem, Adlem Gõi, Goeam) or Velha Goa (Velha means "old" in Portuguese) is a historical city in North Goa district in the Indian state of Goa.

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Oxford Dictionary of English

The Oxford Dictionary of English (ODE) is a single-volume English dictionary published by Oxford University Press, first published in 1998 as The New Oxford Dictionary of English (NODE).

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Pakistan

Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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Pakistan national cricket team

The Pakistan cricket team (پاکستان کرکٹ ٹیم), also known as The Green Shirts or Shaheen), is the national cricket team of Pakistan. Represented by the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB), the team is a full member of the International Cricket Council, and participates in, and cricket matches. Pakistan have played 848 s, winning 449 (54.57%), losing 373, tying 8 and with 17 ending in no-result. Pakistan were the 1992 World Cup champions, and also came runners-up in the 1999 tournament. Pakistan, in conjunction with other countries in Southeast Asia, have hosted the 1987 and 1996 World Cups, with the 1996 final being hosted at Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore. The team has also played 92 s, the most of any team, winning 56 losing 34 and tying 2. Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and came runners-up in the inaugural tournament in 2007. Pakistan have played 392 Test matches, with winning 124, losing 111 and drawing 157. The team has the third-best win/loss ratio in Test cricket of 1.117, and the fifth-best overall win percentage of 31.53%. Pakistan was given Test status on 28 July 1952, following a recommendation by India, and made its Test debut against India at Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, Delhi, in October 1952, with India winning by an innings and 70 runs. In the 1950s, several Pakistani Test players had played Test cricket for the Indian cricket team before the creation of Pakistan in 1947. As of 23rd August 2015, the Pakistani cricket team is ranked fourth in Tests, eighth in ODIs and second in T20Is by the ICC.

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Pakistani rupee

The Pakistani rupee (روپیہ / ALA-LC:; ISO code: PKR) is the official currency of Pakistan.

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Pallava dynasty

The Pallava dynasty existed between the 3rd and 9th centuries CE, ruling a portion of what is today southern India.

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Pamir Mountains

The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia at the junction of the Himalayas with the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges.

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Pandyan dynasty

The Pandyan or Pandiyan or Pandian dynasty was an ancient Tamil dynasty, one of the three Tamil dynasties, the other two being the Chola and the Chera.

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Paradesi Synagogue

The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest active synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations,.

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

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Parsi

Parsi (or Parsee) is one of two Zoroastrian communities (the other being Iranis) which are primarily located in India.

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Parsi Fire Temple, Secunderabad

Parsi Fire Temple is place of worship for the Parsis.

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Partition of India

The Partition of India was the partition of the British Indian Empire that led to the creation of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan (it later split into Pakistan and Bangladesh) and the Union of India (later Republic of India) on 15 August 1947.

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Pashto

No description.

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Pashtuns

The Pashtuns (پښتانه Pax̌tānə; sing. masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pakhtuns), historically known by the exonyms Afghans (افغان, Afğān) and Pathans (tr. from Hindustani, Paṭhān), are an ethnic group with populations in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

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Pashupatinath Temple

The Pashupatinath Temple (पशुपतिनाथ मन्दिर) is a famous, sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Pashupatinath and is located on the banks of the Bagmati River 5 kilometres north-east of Kathmandu Valley in the eastern city of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.

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Patan, Nepal

Patan (पाटन Pātan, यल Yala), officially Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City, is the third largest city of Nepal after Kathmandu and Pokhara and it is located in the south-central part of Kathmandu Valley.

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Patna

Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India.

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Peninsula

A peninsula (paeninsula from paene "almost" and insula "island") is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.

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Persian alphabet

The Persian alphabet or Perso-Arabic script is a writing system based on the Arabic script.

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Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

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Peshawar

Peshawar (پېښور) is the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly called the North-West Frontier Province) of Pakistan.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Phuntsholing

Phuntsholing (Dzongkha: ཕུན་ཚོགས་གླིང་, Wylie: phun tshogs gling, Roman Dzongkha: Phüntsho'ling), or Phuentsholing, is a border town in southern Bhutan and is the administrative seat (dzongkhag thromde) of Chukha District.

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Pokhara

Pokhara (पोखरा) is the second largest city of Nepal after Kathmandu.

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Political science

Political science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government and the analysis of political activity and political behavior.

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Politics

Politics (from πολιτικός politikos, definition "of, for, or relating to citizens") is the practice and theory of influencing other people.

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Polonnaruwa

Poḷonnaruwa (Sinhalese Poḷonnaruwa or Puḷattipura, Tamil Polaṉṉaṟuvai or Puḷatti nakaram) is the main town of Polonnaruwa District in North Central Province, Sri Lanka.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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President

A president is the leader of a country or a division or part of a country, typically a republic, a democracy, or a dictatorship.

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Princely state

A princely state (also called native state (legally) or Indian state) was a nominally sovereign entity of India during the British Raj that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by a local ruler under a form of indirect rule, subject to a subsidiary alliance and the suzerainty or paramountcy of the British Crown.

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Professor

A professor, informally often known as full professor, is the highest academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.

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Pune

Pune is the ninth-most populous city in India and the second largest in the state of Maharashtra after the state capital city of Mumbai.

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Punjab region

The Punjab, also spelled Panjab, panj-āb, "five rivers" (Punjabi: (Shahmukhi), ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi), Hindi: पंजाब (Devanagari)), is a geographical region in the Indian subcontinent or South Asia comprising vast areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India.

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Punjab, Pakistan

Punjab (پنجاب, Shahmukhī Punjabi:, panj-āb, "five waters"), also spelled Panjab, is the most populous of the four provinces of Pakistan.

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Punjabi language

Punjabi (Shahmukhi: پنجابی; Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 130 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 9th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.

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Quetta

Quetta (کوئٹہ, کوټه, کویته) is the provincial capital of Balochistan, Pakistan and 9th largest city of Pakistan.

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Rahim Yar Khan

Rahim Yar Khan (Punjabi) is a city in Punjab province of Pakistan.

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Rainforest

Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall between.

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Rajshahi

Rajshahi (রাজশাহী; historically Rampur Boalia; nicknamed "Silk City") is a metropolitan city in Bangladesh and a major urban and industrial centre of North Bengal.

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Rangpur City

Rangpur (রংপুর) is one of the major cities in Bangladesh and Rangpur Division.

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Rashtrakuta dynasty

Rashtrakuta (IAST) was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian Subcontinent between the sixth and the 10th centuries.

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Ratnapura

Ratnapura ("City of Gems" in Sinhala and Tamil) is a major city in Sri Lanka.

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Rawalpindi

Rawalpindi (Punjabi, راولپنڈى, Rāwalpiṅḋī), commonly known as Pindi (پنڈی), is a city in the Punjab, Pakistan.

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Region

In geography, regions are areas broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography).

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Religion in Afghanistan

The official religion in Afghanistan is Islam, which is practiced by over 99% of its citizens.

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Religion in Bangladesh

Islam is the largest Religion of Bangladesh; Muslims constitute 90.4% of the population, followed by Hindus, who constitute 8.5%, and Buddhists, Christians, those who practice other religions and those who do not are the remainders.

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Religion in Bhutan

Approximately 70 percent of the population follow either the Drukpa Lineage of the Kagyu school or the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.

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Religion in India

Religion in India is characterized by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices.

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Religion in Myanmar

Myanmar (Burma) is a multi-religious country.

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Religion in Nepal

Nepal is a secular state.

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Religion in Pakistan

The state religion in Pakistan is Islam, which is practiced by about 95-98% of the 195,343,000 people of the nation.

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Religion in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka's population practices a variety of religions.

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Religions by country

This is an overview of religion by country according to the Pew Forum.

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Renminbi

The renminbi is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.

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Republic

A republic (from res publica) is a form of government or country in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law.

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Rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

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Romila Thapar

Romila Thapar (born 30 November 1931) is a distinguished Indian historian whose principal area of study is ancient India.

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Rutgers University

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, commonly referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is an American public research university and the largest institution for higher education in New Jersey.

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Ruwanwelisaya

The Ruwanwelisaya is a stupa in Sri Lanka, considered a marvel for its architectural qualities and sacred to many Buddhists all over the world.

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Sacred Heart Cathedral, Lahore

Sacred Heart Cathedral, Lahore, Pakistan, was consecrated by Bishop Fabian Eestermans, Bishop of Lahore on 19 November 1907.

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Saka

The Saka (Old Persian: Sakā; New Persian/ساکا; Sanskrit: Śaka; Greek: Σάκαι; Latin: Sacae;; Old Chinese: *Sək) was the term used in Persian and Sanskrit sources for the Scythians, a large group of Eastern Iranian nomadic tribes on the Eurasian Steppe.

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Se Cathedral

The Sé Catedral de Santa Catarina, known as Se Cathedral, is the cathedral of the Latin Rite Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman and the seat of the Patriarch of the East Indies.

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Secularity

Secularity (adjective form secular, from Latin saecularis meaning "worldly" or "temporal") is the state of being separate from religion, or not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.

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Secunderabad

Secunderabad or Sikandar-a-bad, popularly known as the twin city of Hyderabad is located in the Indian state of Telangana.

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Semi-arid climate

A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not extremely.

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Semi-presidential system

Semi-presidentialism is a system of government in which a president exists along with a prime minister and a Cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of a state.

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Shahmukhi alphabet

Shahmukhi (شاہ مکھی, Gurmukhi: ਸ਼ਾਹਮੁਖੀ, meaning literally "from the King's mouth") is a Perso-Arabic alphabet used by Muslims in Punjab to write the Punjabi language.

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Sharia

Sharia or sharia law (شريعة, is the Islamic legal system derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. The term sharia comes from the Arabic language term sharīʿah, which means a body of moral and religious law derived from religious prophecy, as opposed to human legislation. Sharia deals with many topics, including crime, politics, and economics, as well as personal matters such as sexual intercourse, hygiene, diet, prayer, everyday etiquette and fasting. Adherence to sharia has served as one of the distinguishing characteristics of the Muslim faith historically. In its strictest and most historically coherent definition, sharia is considered in Islam as the infallible law of God.Coulson, N. J. (2011), A history of Islamic law, Aldine, ISBN 978-1412818551 There are two primary sources of sharia: the Quran, and the Hadiths (opinions and life example of Muhammad).Esposito, John (2001), Women in Muslim family law, Syracuse University Press, ISBN 978-0815629085 For topics and issues not directly addressed in these primary sources, sharia is derived. The derivation differs between the various sects of Islam (Sunni and Shia), and various jurisprudence schools such as Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali and Jafari. The sharia in these schools is derived hierarchically using one or more of the following guidelines: Ijma (usually the consensus of Muhammad's companions), Qiyas (analogy derived from the primary sources), Istihsan (ruling that serves the interest of Islam in the discretion of Islamic jurists) and Urf (customs). Sharia is a significant source of legislation in various Muslim countries. Some apply all or a majority of the sharia code, and these include Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Brunei, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Yemen and Mauritania. In these countries, sharia prescribed punishments such as beheading, flogging and stoning continue to be practiced judicially or extra-judicially. The introduction of sharia is a longstanding goal for Islamist movements globally, including in Western countries, but attempts to impose sharia have been accompanied by controversy, violence, and even warfare. Most countries do not recognize sharia; however, some countries in Asia, Africa and Europe recognize parts of sharia and accept it as the law on divorce, inheritance and other personal affairs of their Islamic population. In Britain, the Muslim Arbitration Tribunal makes use of sharia family law to settle disputes, and this limited adoption of sharia is controversial. The concept of crime, judicial process, justice and punishment embodied in sharia is different from that of secular law. The differences between sharia and secular laws have led to an ongoing controversy as to whether sharia is compatible with secular forms of government, human rights, freedom of thought, and women's rights.

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Sialkot

Sialkot (Punjabi, سيالكوٹ) is the capital city of Sialkot District, located in the northeast of the Punjab, Pakistan.

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Sikh Empire

The Sikh Empire was a major power in the Indian subcontinent, that arose under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh who established a secular empire basing it around the Punjab.

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Sikhism

Sikhism, or Sikhi (from Sikh, meaning a disciple, or a learner), is a monotheistic religion founded in South Asia in the 15th century.

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Sikkim

Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state located in the Himalayan mountains.

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Sindh

Sindh سندھ; (سنڌ (Perso- Arabic); Indus; Ἰνδός; Sindhu) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, located in the south east of the country.

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Sindhi language

Sindhi (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region, spoken by the Sindhi people.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the ''Lion City'', the ''Garden City'', and the ''Red Dot'', is a leading global city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Sinhalese language

Sinhalese, known natively as Sinhala (සිංහල), is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 16 million.

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Sinhalese people

The Sinhalese (Sinhala: සිංහල ජාතිය Sinhala Jathiya) are an ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka.

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Sino-Tibetan languages

The Sino-Tibetan languages are a family of more than 400 languages spoken in East Asia, Southeast Asia and parts of South Asia. The family is second only to the Indo-European languages in terms of the number of native speakers. The Sino-Tibetan languages with the most native speakers are the varieties of Chinese (1.2 billion speakers), Burmese (33 million) and the Tibetic languages (8 million). Many Sino-Tibetan languages are spoken by small communities in remote mountain areas and are poorly documented. Several low-level groupings are well established, but the higher-level structure of the family remains unclear. Although the family is often presented as divided into Sinitic and Tibeto-Burman branches, a common origin of the non-Sinitic languages has never been demonstrated, and is rejected by an increasing number of researchers. A minority of researchers call the whole family "Tibeto-Burman", and the name "Trans-Himalayan" has also been proposed.

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South

South is a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography.

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South Asia Disaster Report

South Asia Disaster Report is a 2006 report by Duryog Nivaran, edited by Amjad Bhatti and others, and subtitled Tackling the Tides and Tremors.

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South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation

The South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Program, set up in 2001, brings together Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka in a project-based partnership to promote regional prosperity by improving cross-border connectivity, boosting trade among member countries, and strengthening regional economic cooperation.

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South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic and geopolitical organisation of eight countries that are primarily located in South Asia or the Indian subcontinent.

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South Asian cuisine

South Asian cuisine, also known as Desi cuisine, includes the cuisines from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

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South Asian Free Trade Area

The South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) is an agreement reached on 6 January 2004 at the 12th SAARC summit in Islamabad, Pakistan.

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South India

South India (ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಭಾರತ, തെക്കെ ഭാരതം, தெற்கு பாரதம், దక్షిణ భారతం) is the area encompassing India's states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Kerala as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, occupying 19.31% of India's area. South India includes the southern part of the peninsular Deccan Plateau and is bounded by the Arabian Sea in the west, the Indian Ocean in the south and the Bay of Bengal in the east. The geography of the region is diverse, encompassing two mountain ranges, the Western and Eastern Ghats, and a plateau heartland. The Godavari, Krishna, Tungabhadra, Kaveri, and Vaigai rivers are important non-perennial sources of water. Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Coimbatore, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram are the largest and most industrialized cities in the region. A majority of Indians from the southern region speak one of the following languages: Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, and Tulu. During its history, a number of dynastic kingdoms ruled over parts of South India whose invasions across southern and southeastern Asia impacted the history and cultures of modern sovereign states such as Sri Lanka, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia. The region was colonized by Britain and gradually incorporated into the British Empire. South India, particularly Kerala, has been a major entry point of the religions of Christianity and later Islam to the Indian Subcontinent. After experiencing fluctuations in the decades immediately after Indian independence, the economies of South Indian states have registered higher than national average growth over the past three decades. While South Indian states have improved in some socio-economic metrics, poverty continues to affect the region much like the rest of the country, although it has considerably decreased over the years. HDI in southern states is high and the economy has undergone growth at a faster rate than most northern states. Literacy rates in southern states is also very high, with approximately 80% of the population capable of reading and writing, while in Kerala (which has the highest literacy rate in India) 94% of the population are literate. Honour killings are non-existent in South India. Violence against women in South India is relatively low, with southern states having a progressive attitude toward the rights for women. Agriculture is the single largest contributor to the regional net domestic product, while Information technology is a rapidly growing industry. Literary and architectural styles, evolved over two thousand years, differ from other parts of the country. Politics in South India is dominated by smaller regional political parties rather than by national political parties. South India ranks the highest in terms of social and economic development in areas such as fertility rate and infrastructure; the fertility rate of South India is 1.9, the lowest of all regions in India.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Southwest China

Southwest China is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the municipality of Chongqing, the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou, and the Tibet Autonomous Region.

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Soviet Union

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.

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Soviet–Afghan War

The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years from December 1979 to February 1989.

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Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte

Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte or Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (also known as Kotte) is a large suburb of Colombo city and the official capital of Sri Lanka.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.

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Sri Lanka national cricket team

The Sri Lankan cricket team, nicknamed The Lions, is the national cricket team of Sri Lanka.

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Sri Lankan rupee

The rupee (Sinhala: රුපියල්, Tamil: ரூபாய்) (signs: රු, Rs; code: LKR) is the currency of Sri Lanka, divided into 100 cents.

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Sri Lankan Tamils

Sri Lankan Tamils (also) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.

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Standard Tibetan

Standard Tibetan is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages.

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Statistics Division of the Government of Pakistan

The Statistics Division of the Government of Pakistan, also known as Statistics Division, is a Government of Pakistan's executive and federal department, which is mandate to frames policies for development of statistical services in the country.

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Subtropics

The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropic circle of latitude (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and the 38th parallel in each hemisphere.

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Sugata Bose

Sugata Bose (Bengali: সুগত বসু; born 7 September 1956) is an Indian historian and politician who has taught and worked in the United States since the mid-1980s.

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Sukkur

Sukkur, formerly Aror (اروڙ, Urdu: اروڑ) and Bakhar, is the 14th largest city of Pakistan and third largest city of Sindh province, situated on the west bank of Indus River in Pakistan in Sukkur District.

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Surat

Surat, previously known as Suryapur, is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Sylhet

Sylhet (সিলেট, শিলহট্ট; historically Shilahatta; also Jalalabaad) is a major city that lies on the banks of Surma River in north-east Bangladesh.

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Tajikistan

Tajikistan (or; Тоҷикистон), officially the Republic of Tajikistan (Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Çumhuriji Toçikiston/Jumhuriyi Tojikiston; جمهوری تاجیکستان; Респу́блика Таджикистан, Respublika Tadzhikistan), is a mountainous landlocked sovereign country in Central Asia.

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Tamil language

Tamil also spelt Thamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.

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Tatu Vanhanen

Tatu Vanhanen (17 April 1929 – 22 August 2015) was a professor of political science at the University of Tampere in Tampere, Finland.

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Tea

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub native to Asia.

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Telugu language

Telugu (తెలుగు telugu) is a Dravidian language and is the only language other than Hindi, English and Bengali that is predominantly spoken in more than one Indian state, being the primary language in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, as well as in the town of Yanam where it is also an official language.

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Test cricket

Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket.

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Thaana

Thaana, Taana or Tāna (  in Tāna script) is the modern writing system of the Maldivian language spoken in the Maldives.

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Thailand

Thailand (or; ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (ราชอาณาจักรไทย), formerly known as Siam (สยาม), is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Mainland Southeast Asia.

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The World Factbook

The World Factbook (ISSN; also known as the CIA World Factbook) is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.

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Theravada

Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the teaching of the Pāli Canon, a collection of the oldest recorded Buddhist texts, as its doctrinal core, but also includes a rich diversity of traditions and practices that have developed over its long history of interactions with various cultures and communities.

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Thimphu

Thimphu, formerly spelled Thimbu, is the capital and largest city of Bhutan.

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Thiruvananthapuram

Thiruvananthapuram (Malayalam Tiruvaṉantapuram), also known as Trivandrum, is the capital city of the Indian state of Kerala.

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Tibet

Tibet is a region on the Tibetan Plateau in Asia northeast of the Himalayas.

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Tibet Autonomous Region

The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) or Xizang Autonomous Region, called Tibet or Xizang for short, is a province-level autonomous region of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious doctrine and institutions characteristic of Buddhism in Tibet, Mongolia, Tuva, Bhutan, Kalmykia, Buryatia and certain regions of the Himalayas, including northern Nepal, and India (particularly in Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Dharamsala, Lahaul and Spiti district in Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim).

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Tibetan Plateau

The Tibetan Plateau, also known in China as the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau or the Qingzang Plateau or Himalayan Plateau, is a vast elevated plateau in Central Asia or East Asia, covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province in western China, as well as part of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir state of India.

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Tibeto-Burman languages

The Tibeto-Burman languages are the non-Sinitic members of the Sino-Tibetan language family, over 400 of which are spoken throughout the highlands of Southeast Asia, as well as lowland areas in Myanmar (Burma).

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Tiruchirappalli

Tiruchirappalli (tiruchirāppaḷḷi) (formerly Trichinopoly in English), also called Tiruchi or Trichy, is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirappalli District.

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Trincomalee

Trincomalee (திருகோணமலை Tirukōṇamalai, ත්‍රිකුණාමළය Trikuṇāmalaya) is the administrative headquarters of the Trincomalee District and major resort port city of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka.

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Tripura

Tripura is a state in Northeast India.

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Tropical climate

A tropical climate is a climate typically found within the Tropics, while a few locations outside the Tropics are considered to have a tropical climate.

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Tropical rainforest climate

A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.

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Turkic peoples

The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethnic groups that live in northern, eastern, central, and western Asia, northwestern China, and parts of eastern Europe.

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Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate (الخلافة الأموية, trans. Al-Khilāfat al-ʾumawiyya) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.

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United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP or ESCAP), located in Bangkok, Thailand, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, under the administrative direction of the United Nations headquarters.

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United Nations geoscheme

The United Nations geoscheme is a system which divides the countries of the world into macro-geographical regional and subregional groups, which was devised by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) based on the M49 coding classification.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, US dollar or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its overseas territories.

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University of California, Berkeley

The University of California, Berkeley (also referred to as Berkeley, UC Berkeley, California or simply Cal) is a public research university located in Berkeley, California.

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University of Cambridge

The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (U-M, UM, UMich, or U of M), frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

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University of Virginia

The University of Virginia (UVA, U.Va. or Virginia), is a research university founded by U.S. President Thomas Jefferson and located in Charlottesville, Virginia.

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Urdu

Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:;, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a standardised register of the Hindustani language.

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UTC+04:30

UTC+04:30 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +04:30.

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UTC+05:00

UTC+05:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +05:00.

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UTC+05:30

UTC+05:30 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +05:30.

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UTC+05:45

UTC+05:45 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +05:45.

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UTC+06:00

UTC+06:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +06:00.

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Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand, formerly Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India.

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Valley

A valley is a low area between hills, often with a river running through it.

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Vedic period

The Vedic period (or Vedic age) (ca. 1500–500 BCE) was the period in Indian history during which the Vedas, the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, were composed.

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Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Vijayanagara Empire

The Vijayanagara Empire (also called Karnata Empire and the Kingdom of Bisnegar by the Portuguese) was an empire based in South India, in the Deccan Plateau region.

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Vijayawada

Vijayawada is a city on the banks of the Krishna River, in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Visakhapatnam

Visakhapatnam (nicknamed Vizag) is the largest city, both in terms of area and population in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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War on Terror

The War on Terror (WoT), also known as the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT), refers to the international military campaign that started after the September 11 attacks on the United States.

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Warangal

Warangal; (also known as Orugallu and Ekasila Nagaram) is a city and the district headquarters of Warangal district in the Indian state of Telangana.

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West

West is a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography.

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West Bengal

West Bengal is a state in eastern India and is the nation's fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants.

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Western Asia

Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.

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Western Chalukya Empire

The Western Chalukya Empire ruled most of the western Deccan, South India, between the 10th and 12th centuries.

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World Bank

The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.

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Xinjiang

Xinjiang (Shinjang), officially Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country.

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Yarlung Tsangpo River

The Yarlung Tsangpo is the part of Brahmaputra River that flows through Tibet, known by its Tibetan name.

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Additional deviating definitions, India (subcontinent), List of South Asian countries, S Asia, South Asian, South asia, South-Asia, South-Asian, South-central Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asian.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Asia

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