189 relations: American Expeditionary Forces, Amiens, Anti-Aircraft Command, Anti-aircraft warfare, Antwerp, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arthur Edward Flynn Fawcus, Baedeker Blitz, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Loos, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Polygon Wood, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Lys (1918), Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, Battle of the Somme, Birmingham, Bishop's Stortford, Bourlon, Bren light machine gun, Brevet (military), British Army, Brussels, Bucquoy, Bullecourt, Burslem, Burton upon Trent, Cadre (military), Cantaing-sur-Escaut, Cardwell Reforms, Catterick Garrison, Chemical warfare, Cherbourg-Octeville, Cheshire Regiment, Childers Reforms, Clement Wedgwood, Crimean War, Curragh Camp, Darwin–Wedgwood family, Derby, Dilhorne, Diphtheria, Displaced person, Doncaster, Dornier Do 17, Dornier Do 217, Dublin, Dunkirk, East Midlands, Easter Rising, ..., Felix Wedgwood, Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Fovant, Francis Fitzherbert-Stafford, 12th Baron Stafford, Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais, Grantham, Half-pay, Hanley, Staffordshire, Heinkel He 111, Hewell Grange, Hildesheim (district), Hindenburg Line, Hohenzollern Redoubt, Humber, Infantry, Ironbridge, John Thomas (VC), Junkers Ju 88, Kidsgrove, Kitchener's Army, Lancashire Hussars, Lance corporal, Landing craft tank, Leek, Staffordshire, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, Light machine gun, Lincoln, England, Lower Saxony, Luftwaffe, Luton, M1919 Browning machine gun, Mablethorpe, Marienberg, Melton Mowbray, Mercian Regiment, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Munich Agreement, National Memorial Arboretum, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Newcastle-under-Lyme School, Night fighter, Nijmegen, No. 264 Squadron RAF, Normandy landings, North Cave, North Staffordshire Regiment, Nottingham, Oakham, Operation Overlord, Order of the British Empire, Paratyphoid fever, Peine (district), Phoney War, Pollington, Port of Southampton, Portsmouth, Prisoner of war, Radar, Redditch, Rhine, Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own), River Somme, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Field Artillery, Salisbury Plain, Scheldt, Scunthorpe, Seine, Selby, Sheffield, Shelton, Staffordshire, Sir John Wedgwood, 2nd Baronet, Skipwith, South Staffordshire Regiment, Spondon, Spring Offensive, St Albans, St Mary's Church, Stafford, Stafford Rangers F.C., Staffordshire Brigade, Staffordshire Potteries, Staffordshire Regiment, Stanhope Memorandum, Stoke-on-Trent, Stone, Staffordshire, Sussex, Territorial Force, The Blitz, The National Archives (United Kingdom), Thorne, South Yorkshire, Trentham, Staffordshire, Tunstall, Staffordshire, United Kingdom, V Corps (United Kingdom), V-1 flying bomb, Victoria Cross, Victory in Europe Day, Vimy, Volunteer Force (Great Britain), Waal (river), West Midlands Regiment, Western Front (World War I), Western Front (World War II), Wilford, Wolverhampton, Women's Royal Army Corps, World War I, World War II, Yokefleet, Ypres Salient, 103rd (Tyneside Irish) Brigade, 116th Brigade (United Kingdom), 138th (Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade, 16th (Irish) Division, 176th (2/1st Staffordshire) Brigade, 1st Czechoslovak Armoured Brigade, 1st Staffordshire Artillery Volunteers, 20 mm Polsten, 21st Army Group, 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 31st (North Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 32nd (Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 33rd (Western) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 34th (South Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 34th Division (United Kingdom), 37th Division (United Kingdom), 38th (1st Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot, 39th Division (United Kingdom), 46th (North Midland) Division, 49th Brigade (United Kingdom), 54th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 56th (London) Division, 59th (2nd North Midland) Division, 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot, 8 cm Granatwerfer 34, 80th Regiment of Foot (Staffordshire Volunteers), 98th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot. Expand index (139 more) » « Shrink index
The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) consisted of the United States Armed Forces sent to Europe under the command of General John J. Pershing in 1917 to help fight World War I. During the United States campaigns in World War I the AEF fought in France alongside French and British allied forces in the last year of the war, against German forces.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
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Anti-Aircraft Command was a British Army command of the Second World War that controlled the Territorial Army anti-aircraft artillery and searchlight formations and units defending the British Isles.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium which is the capital of Antwerp province.
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The Army Reserve (previously known as the Territorial Force, Territorial Army (TA) and the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1920 to 2014) is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Edward Flynn Fawcus DSO MC TD (19 October 1886 – 10 August 1936), was awarded the Military Cross for leading a night attack at Cape Helles in August 1915 at the beginning of the Gallipoli Campaign, awarded the Croix de Chevalier of the Légion d’honneur for his bombing work in the Gallipoli Campaign, awarded the DSO for his Command of a Battalion of the 1/5th North Staffordshire Regiment toward the end of World War I and was afterwards Commander of the 1/5th Sherwood Foresters.
The Baedeker Blitz or Baedeker raids were a series of attacks by the Luftwaffe on English cities during World War II.
The Battle of Cambrai (designated Battle of Cambrai, 1917 by the Battlefield Nomenclature Committee; also sometimes referred to as the First Battle of Cambrai) was a British offensive and German counter-offensive battle in the First World War.
The Battle of Loos was the largest British battle that took place in 1915 on the Western Front during World War I. It was the first time the British used poison gas and the first mass engagement of New Army units.
The Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Polygon Wood took place during the second phase of the Third Battle of Ypres in World War I and was fought near Ypres in Belgium 26 September – 3 October 1917, in the area from the Menin Road to Polygon Wood and thence north, to the area beyond St.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was a major German offensive campaign launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium, France, and Luxembourg on the Western Front toward the end of World War II in Europe.
The Battle of the Lys also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Third Battle of Flanders, Operation Georgette, Batalha de La Lys and 3ème Bataille des Flandres, was part of the 1918 German offensive in Flanders during World War I, also known as the Spring Offensive.
The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, sometimes called "Battle of the Menin Road", was the third British general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres in the First World War.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
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Bishop's Stortford is an historic market town and civil parish in the district of East Hertfordshire in the county of Hertfordshire in England.
Bourlon is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in northern France.
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The Bren Gun, usually called simply the Bren, was a series of light machine guns adopted by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992.
In many of the world's military establishments, a brevet was a warrant giving a commissioned officer a higher rank title as a reward for gallantry or meritorious conduct, but without receiving the authority, precedence, or pay of real rank.
The British Army is the United Kingdom's principal land warfare force.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the city of Brussels which de jure is the capital of Belgium, the French Community of Belgium, and the Flemish Community.
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Bucquoy is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in northern France.
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Bullecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in France.
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Burslem is one of the six towns that amalgamated to form the city of Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England.
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Burton upon Trent, also known as Burton-on-Trent or simply Burton, is a town on the River Trent in East Staffordshire, England, close to the border with Derbyshire.
The cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.
Cantaing-sur-Escaut is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Cardwell Reforms refer to a series of reforms of the British Army undertaken by Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell between 1868 and 1874 with the support of Liberal Prime Minister William E. Gladstone.
Catterick Garrison is a major garrison and town located 3 miles south of Richmond in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.
The Cheshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
The Childers Reforms of 1881 restructured the infantry regiments of the British Army.
Clement Francis Wedgwood (25 February 1840 – 24 January 1889) was an English businessman, a partner in the Wedgwood pottery firm.
The Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856), also known in Russian historiography as the Eastern War of 1853–1856 (Восточная война, Vostochnaya Voina), was a conflict in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia.
The Curragh Camp (Irish: Campa an Churraigh) is an army base and military college located in The Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland.
The Darwin–Wedgwood family is composed of two interrelated English families, descending from the prominent 18th-century doctor, Erasmus Darwin, and Josiah Wedgwood, founder of the pottery firm, Josiah Wedgwood and Sons, the most notable member of which was Charles Darwin.
Derby (locally) is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands region of England.
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Dilhorne is an ancient parish and village in Staffordshire, three miles from Cheadle and six miles from Stoke-on-Trent.
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Diphtheria (from διφθέρα diphthera, meaning leather) is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
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A displaced person (sometimes abbreviated DP) is a person who has been forced to leave his or her home or place of habitual residence, a phenomenon known as forced migration.
Doncaster (or (preferred locally)), is a large market town in South Yorkshire, England.
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The Dornier Do 17, sometimes referred to as the Fliegender Bleistift ("flying pencil"), was a World War II German light bomber produced by Claudius Dornier's company, Dornier Flugzeugwerke.
The Dornier Do 217 was a bomber used by the German Luftwaffe during World War II as a more powerful version of the Dornier Do 17, known as the Fliegender Bleistift (German: "flying pencil").
Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland.
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Dunkirk (Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
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The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The Easter Rising (Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, 1916.
Arthur Felix Wedgwood (18 July 1877 - 14 March 1917) was an English author, mountaineer and soldier who died on active service during the First World War.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II.
Fovant is a medium-sized village and civil parish in southwest Wiltshire, England.
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Francis Edward Fitzherbert-Stafford, 12th Baron Stafford DSO (28 August 1859 – 18 September 1932) was an English peer and British Army officer, holding the title Baron Stafford.
Gommecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.
Grantham (pronounced) is a market town within the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England.
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In the British Army and Royal Navy of the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, half-pay referred to the pay or allowance an officer received when in retirement or not in actual service.
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Hanley, in Staffordshire, England, is one of the six major towns that joined together to form the city of Stoke-on-Trent in 1910.
The Heinkel He 111 was a German aircraft designed by Siegfried and Walter Günter at Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in the early 1930s.
Hewell Grange is a country house in Tardebigge, Worcestershire, England.
Hildesheim is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
The Hohenzollern Redoubt (Hohenzollernwerk) was a defensive strongpoint of the German 6th Army on the Western Front during World War I, at Auchy-les-Mines near Loos-en-Gohelle in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.
The Humber is a large tidal estuary on the east coast of Northern England.
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The infantry is the branch of a military force that fights on foot.
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Ironbridge is a settlement on the River Severn, at the heart of the Ironbridge Gorge, in Shropshire, England.
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John Thomas VC (10 May 1886 – 28 February 1954) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft.
Kidsgrove is a town in the borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, England, near the border with Cheshire.
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The New Army, often referred to as Kitchener's Army or, disparagingly, Kitchener's Mob, was an (initially) all-volunteer army of the British Army formed in the United Kingdom following the outbreak of hostilities in the First World War.
The Lancashire Hussars were originally formed in 1798 as independent troops, before becoming the Lancashire Yeomanry Cavalry in 1828 and then being disbanded in 1832.
Lance corporal is a military rank, used by many armed forces worldwide, and also by some police forces and other uniformed organizations.
The Landing Craft, Tank (or Tank Landing Craft) was an amphibious assault craft for landing tanks on beachheads.
Leek is a market town in the county of Staffordshire, England, on the River Churnet.
Lens is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
A light machine gun (LMG) is a machine gun designed to be employed by an individual soldier, with or without an assistant, as an infantry support weapon.
Lincoln is a cathedral city and the county town of Lincolnshire, within the East Midlands of England.
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen; Nedersaksen) is a German state (Bundesland) situated in northwestern Germany and is second in area, with, and fourth in population (8 million) among the sixteen Länder of Germany.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
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Luton is a large town, borough and unitary authority area of Bedfordshire, England.
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The M1919 Browning is a.30 caliber medium machine gun widely used during the 20th century, especially during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.
Mablethorpe is a small seaside town in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.
Marienberg is a town in Germany.
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Melton Mowbray is a town in the Melton borough of Leicestershire, England.
The Mercian Regiment is an infantry regiment of the British Army, which is recruited from the five counties that formed the ancient kingdom of Mercia.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109, commonly called the Me 109 (most often by Allied aircrew and even amongst the German aces themselves, even though this was not the official German designation), is a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser during the early to mid-1930s.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation "Sudetenland" was coined.
The National Memorial Arboretum is a national site of remembrance at Alrewas, near Lichfield, Staffordshire, England.
Newcastle-under-Lyme is a market town in Staffordshire, England, and is the principal settlement in the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme.
Newcastle-under-Lyme School is an independent school in the town of Newcastle-under-Lyme in Staffordshire, England.
A night fighter (also known as all-weather fighter or all-weather interceptor for a period of time post-World War II) is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night or in other times of bad visibility.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
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The Normandy landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
North Cave is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
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The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was in existence between 1881 and 1959.
Nottingham is a city in Nottinghamshire, England, south of Sheffield and north of Leicester.
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Oakham is the county town of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.
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Operation Overlord was the code name for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the "order of chivalry of British democracy", rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations and public service outside the Civil Service.
Paratyphoid fever, also known simply as paratyphoid, is a bacterial infection caused by one of the three types of Salmonella enterica.
Peine is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Phoney War refers to the relatively quiet eight-month period at the start of World War II between the declaration of war by the Western Allies (United Kingdom and France) against Nazi Germany on just after the Invasion of Poland and the German Blitzkrieg in May 1940, that was marked by a lack of major military land operations by the Allies on Germany's Western Front.
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Pollington is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
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The Port of Southampton is a passenger and cargo port located in the central part of the south coast of England.
Portsmouth is the second largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire on the south coast of England.
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A prisoner of war (POW, PoW, PW, P/W, WP, PsW, enemy prisoner of war (EPW) or "missing-captured") is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
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Redditch, is a town and local government district in north-east Worcestershire, England, approximately south of Birmingham.
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--> The Rhine is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Austrian, Swiss- Liechtenstein border, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the Rhineland and eventually empties into the North Sea in the Netherlands.
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The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA), is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Field Artillery (RFA) of the British Army provided artillery support for the British Army.
Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in central southern England covering.
The Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, French: Escaut) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
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Scunthorpe is a town in North Lincolnshire, England.
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The Seine (La Seine) is a long river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
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Selby is a town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England.
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Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
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Shelton is an area of the city of Stoke-on-Trent in Staffordshire, England, between Hanley and Stoke-upon-Trent.
Sir John Hamilton Wedgwood, 2nd Baronet TD (16 November 1907 - 9 December 1989) was a British politician and industrialist.
Skipwith is a village and civil parish about northeast of Selby in the Selby District of North Yorkshire, England.
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The South Staffordshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for only 68 years.
Spondon is a ward within the city of Derby.
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The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
St Albans (Lat.: Villa Sancti Albani or Villa Albani) is a city and unparished area in southern Hertfordshire, England, approximately 20 miles north of London.
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St Mary’s Church, Stafford is a Grade I listed parish church in the Church of England in Stafford.
Stafford Rangers Football Club is a semi-professional English football team from Stafford which plays in the Northern Premier League Division One South.
The Staffordshire Brigade (later 137th Brigade) was a volunteer infantry brigade formation of the British Army from 1888 to 1936.
The Staffordshire Potteries is the industrial area encompassing the six towns, Tunstall, Burslem, Hanley, Stoke, Fenton and Longton that now make up the city of Stoke-on-Trent in Staffordshire, England.
The Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales') (or simply "Staffords" for short) was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
The Stanhope Memorandum was a document written by Edward Stanhope, the Secretary of State for War of the United Kingdom, on 8 December 1888.
Stoke-on-Trent (often abbreviated to Stoke) is a city in Staffordshire, England, with an area of.
Stone is an old market town in Staffordshire, England, situated about north of Stafford, and around south of the city of Stoke-on-Trent.
Sussex (abbreviated Sx), from the Old English Sūþsēaxe ('South Saxons'), is an historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
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The Territorial Force (TF) was the volunteer reserve component of the British Army in existence from 1908 until 1920, when, shortly after the end of the First World War, it was reformed and renamed the Territorial Army, which continues to the present day.
The Blitz (shortened from German Blitzkrieg, "lightning war") was the period of sustained strategic bombing of the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.
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The National Archives (TNA) is an executive agency of the Ministry of Justice of the United Kingdom.
Thorne is a market town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster in South Yorkshire, England.
Trentham is a southern suburb of the city of Stoke-on-Trent, in North Staffordshire.
Tunstall is an area in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
V Corps was an army corps of the British Army in both the First and Second World War.
The V-1 flying bomb (Vergeltungswaffe 1)—also known to the Allies as the buzz bomb, or doodlebug, and in Germany as Kirschkern (cherrystone) or Maikäfer (maybug)—was an early pulsejet-powered cruise missile.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of the armed forces of various Commonwealth countries, and previous British Empire territories.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 (7 May in Commonwealth realms) to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
Vimy is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.
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The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.
The Waal or Rivier Waal ("Waal River") is the main distributary branch of river Rhine flowing through the Netherlands.
The West Midlands Regiment was a British Territorial Army regiment from 1999 to 2007.
Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France.
The Western Front of the European theatre of World War II encompassed Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Western Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat, which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945. Although the majority of German military deaths occurred on the Eastern Front, German losses on the Western Front were almost irreplaceable, because most of Germany's resources were being allocated to the Eastern Front. This meant that, while losses there could be replaced to some extent, very few replacements or reinforcements were being sent to the west to stop the advance of the Western Allies. The Normandy landings were a psychological blow to the German military and its leaders, who had feared a repetition of the two-front war of World War I.
Wilford is a village close to the centre of the city of Nottingham, UK.
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Wolverhampton is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
The Women's Royal Army Corps (WRAC; sometimes pronounced acronymically as, a term unpopular with its members) was the corps to which all women in the British Army except medical, dental and veterinary officers and chaplains (who belonged to the same corps as the men), the Ulster Defence Regiment which recruited women from 1973, and nurses (who belonged to Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps) belonged from 1949 to 1992.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
Yokefleet is a hamlet in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
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The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I. In military terms, a salient is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
The Tyneside Irish Brigade was a British First World War infantry brigade of Kitchener's Army, raised in 1914.
The 116th Brigade was a formation of the British Army during the First World War.
The 138th (Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I with the 46th (North Midland) Division.
The 16th (Irish) Division was a voluntary 'Service' division of Kitchener's New Army raised in Ireland from the 'National Volunteers', initially in September 1914, after the outbreak of the Great War.
The 176th (2/1st Staffordshire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I on the Western Front and disbanded in 1919.
The 1st Czechoslovak Independent Armoured Brigade Group (Československá samostatná obrněná brigáda, Slovak: Československá samostatná obrnená brigáda) was an armoured unit of expatriate Czechoslovaks organised and equipped by the United Kingdom during the Second World War in 1943.
The 1st Staffordshire Artillery Volunteers, later 2nd North Midland Brigade, was a Volunteer unit of the Royal Artillery of the British Army recruiting primarily from Staffordshire that fought on the Western Front during World War I and World War II in the Normandy Campaign and Belgium, Holland and Germany.
The Polsten was a low cost Polish development of the 20 mm Oerlikon gun.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (2 AA Division) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army from 1935 to 1942.
The 31st (North Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade (31 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of Britain's Territorial Army from 1936 until 1948.
The 32nd (Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command in Britain's Territorial Army (TA) from 1936 to 1955, charged with defending the East Midlands of England.
The 33rd (Western) Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command of the Territorial Army, part of the British Army, formed shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War.
The 34th (South Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command in the British Territorial Army formed shortly before the outbreak of World War II.
The British 34th Division was a New Army division formed in April 1915 as part of the K4 Army Group.
The 37th Division was a unit of the British Army during World War I. The divisional symbol was a gold horseshoe, open end up.
The 38th (1st Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The 39th Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during the Great War.
The 46th (North Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, that saw service in World War I. At the outbreak of the war, the 46th Division was commanded by Major-General Hon.
The 49th Brigade was a formation of British Army.
The 54th Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Britain's Territorial Army (TA) formed just before the outbreak of World War II.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 59th (2nd North Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I. It was formed in late 1914/early 1915 as a 2nd Line Territorial Force formation raised as a duplicate of the 46th (North Midland) Division.
The 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The 8 cm Granatwerfer 34 (8 cm GrW 34) was the standard German heavy mortar throughout World War II.
The 80th Regiment of Foot (Staffordshire Volunteers) was an infantry regiment of the British Army, created in 1793 and amalgamated into The South Staffordshire Regiment in 1881.
The 98th (Prince of Wales) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army.
10th (Stoke-on-Trent) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 10th Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 13th (Kidsgrove) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 13th Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 16th (Newcastle-under-Lyme) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 16th Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 1st Administrative Battalion, Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 1st Volunteer Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment, 28th (Leek) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 28th Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 2nd (Longton) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 2nd Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 36th (Hanley) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 36th Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 3rd (Hanley) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 3rd Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 40th (Stone) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 40th Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 41st (5th North Staffordshire Regiment) Anti-Aircraft Battalion, Royal Engineers, 41st (5th North Staffordshire Regiment) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 441st Light Anti-Aircraft/Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 576th (5th North Staffordshire Regiment) Light Anti-Aircraft/Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 576th (5th North Staffordshire Regiment) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 5th Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment, 6th (Burslem) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 6th Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 9th (Tunstall) Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 9th Staffordshire Rifle Volunteer Corps.