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Stock

The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation constitutes the equity stake of its owners. [1]

143 relations: Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Livy), American Customer Satisfaction Index, American depositary receipt, Amsterdam Stock Exchange, Arbitrage, Archipelago, Arrangements between railroads, Australia, Balance sheet, Bank, Bazacle, Behavioral economics, Black–Scholes model, Board of directors, Boiler room (business), Bond (finance), Brokerage firm, Bucket shop (stock market), Business, Buying in (securities), California, Call option, Capital gains tax, Collateral (finance), Common stock, Company, Concentrated stock, Copper, Corporation, Credit union, Debt, Derivative (finance), Discounts and allowances, Dividend, Dot-com bubble, Dutch East India Company, East India Company, Economic equilibrium, Economic growth, Edward Stringham, Efficient-market hypothesis, Electronic communication network, Electronic trading, Elizabeth I of England, Employee stock option, Equity (finance), Europe, Exchange-traded fund, Expected value, Falun Mine, ..., Fiduciary, Finance, Financial instrument, Financial risk, France, Freight transport, Fundamental analysis, Futures contract, Global Industry Classification Standard, Golden share, Greater fool theory, Hemline, House stock, Hybrid Investment, India, Indies, Individual, Initial public offering, Insider trading, Instinet, Investment, Investor relations, Joint-stock company, Lawsuit, Legal personality, Liquidation, Livy, Loan, Long (finance), Management, Management entrenchment, Market capitalization, Martin J. Whitman, Middle Ages, Monopoly, Naked short selling, NASDAQ, Netherlands, Nonprofit organization, Option (finance), OTC Bulletin Board, OTC Markets Group, Over-the-counter (finance), Ownership, Par value, Penny stock, Preferred stock, Principal–agent problem, Public float, Pump and dump, Put option, Random walk, Republic of Ireland, Restricted stock, Return on equity, Royal charter, Scripophily, Security (finance), Share (finance), Share price, Shareholder, Shareholder value, Short (finance), Single-stock futures, South Africa, Stakeholder (corporate), Standard deviation, Stock and flow, Stock certificate, Stock dilution, Stock exchange, Stock market, Stock market index, Stock trader, Stock valuation, Stockbroker, Stora Enso, Stub (stock), Subset, Superpower, Supply and demand, Sweden, Technical analysis, Toulouse, Tracking stock, Trade finance, Underlying, United Kingdom, United States, Voluntary association, Volunteering, Voting interest, Working capital. Expand index (93 more) »

Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Livy)

Ab Urbe Condita Libri—often shortened to Ab Urbe Condita—is a monumental history of ancient Rome in Latin begun sometime between 27 and 25 BC by the historian Titus Livius, known in English as Livy.

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American Customer Satisfaction Index

The American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) is an economic indicator that measures the satisfaction of consumers across the U.S. economy.

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American depositary receipt

An American depositary receipt (ADR, and sometimes spelled depository) is a negotiable security that represents securities of a non-U.S. company that trades in the U.S. financial markets.

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Amsterdam Stock Exchange

The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is the former name for the stock exchange based in Amsterdam.

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Arbitrage

In economics and finance, arbitrage is the practice of taking advantage of a price difference between two or more markets: striking a combination of matching deals that capitalize upon the imbalance, the profit being the difference between the market prices.

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Archipelago

An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands.

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Arrangements between railroads

Railway companies can interact with and control others in many ways.

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Australia

Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

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Balance sheet

In financial accounting, a balance sheet or statement of financial position is a summary of the financial balances of a sole proprietorship, a business partnership, a corporation or other business organization, such as an LLC or an LLP.

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Bank

A bank is a financial intermediary that creates credit by lending money to a borrower, thereby creating a corresponding deposit on the bank's balance sheet.

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Bazacle

The Bazacle is a structure in and on the banks of the River Garonne in the French city of Toulouse.

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Behavioral economics

Behavioral economics and the related field, behavioral finance, study the effects of psychological, social, cognitive, and emotional factors on the economic decisions of individuals and institutions and the consequences for market prices, returns, and the resource allocation.

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Black–Scholes model

The Black–Scholes or Black–Scholes–Merton model is a mathematical model of a financial market containing derivative investment instruments.

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Board of directors

A board of directors is a body of elected or appointed members who jointly oversee the activities of a company or organization.

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Boiler room (business)

In business, the term boiler room refers to an outbound call center selling questionable investments by telephone.

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Bond (finance)

In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders.

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Brokerage firm

A brokerage firm, or simply brokerage, is a financial institution that facilitates the buying and selling of financial securities between a buyer and a seller.

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Bucket shop (stock market)

As defined by the U.S. Supreme Court, a bucket shop is "n establishment, nominally for the transaction of a stock exchange business, or business of similar character, but really for the registration of bets, or wagers, usually for small amounts, on the rise or fall of the prices of stocks, grain, oil, etc., there being no transfer or delivery of the stock or commodities nominally dealt in." People often mistakenly interchange the words bucket shop and boiler room, but there is actually a significant difference.

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Business

A business, also known as an enterprise or a firm, is an organization involved in the of goods, services, or both to consumers.

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Buying in (securities)

In the securities market buying in refers to a process by which the buyer of securities, whose seller fails to deliver the securities contracted for, can 'buy in' the securities from a third party with the defaulting seller to make good.

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California

California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States.

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Call option

A call option, often simply labeled a "call", is a financial contract between two parties, the buyer and the seller of this type of option.

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Capital gains tax

A capital gains tax (CGT) is a tax on capital gains, the profit realized on the sale of a non-inventory asset that was purchased at a cost amount that was lower than the amount realized on the sale.

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Collateral (finance)

In lending agreements, collateral is a borrower's pledge of specific property to a lender, to secure repayment of a loan.

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Common stock

Common stock is a form of corporate equity ownership, a type of security.

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Company

A company is an association or collection of individuals, whether natural persons, legal persons, or a mixture of both.

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Concentrated stock

Concentrated stock is an equity making up a substantial part (usually, more than 30%) of the investor's portfolio.

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Copper

Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Corporation

A corporation is a company or group of people authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.

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Credit union

A credit union is a member-owned financial cooperative, democratically controlled by its members, and operated for the purpose of promoting thrift, providing credit at competitive rates, and providing other financial services to its members.

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Debt

A debt generally refers to something owed by one party, the borrower or debtor, to a second party, the lender or creditor.

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Derivative (finance)

In finance, a derivative is a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity.

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Discounts and allowances

Discounts and allowances are reductions to a basic price of goods or services.

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Dividend

A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.

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Dot-com bubble

The dot-com bubble (also referred to as the dot-com boom, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic speculative bubble covering roughly 1997–2000 (with a climax on March 10, 2000, with the NASDAQ peaking at 5,132.52 in intraday trading before closing at 5,048.62) during which stock markets in industrialized nations saw their equity value rise rapidly from growth in the Internet sector and related fields.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East Indian Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), referred to by the British as the Dutch East India Company, was originally established as a chartered company in 1602, when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on Dutch spice trade.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

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Economic equilibrium

In economics, economic equilibrium is a state where economic forces such as supply and demand are balanced and in the absence of external influences the (equilibrium) values of economic variables will not change.

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Economic growth

Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.

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Edward Stringham

Edward Peter Stringham (born January 18, 1975) is an Austrian School American economist.

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Efficient-market hypothesis

In financial economics, the efficient-market hypothesis (EMH) states that it is impossible to "beat the market" because stock market efficiency causes existing share prices to always incorporate and reflect all relevant information.

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Electronic communication network

An electronic communication network (ECN) is a type of computerized forum or network that facilitates the trading of financial products outside of traditional stock exchanges.

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Electronic trading

Electronic trading, sometimes called etrading, is a method of trading securities (such as stocks, and bonds), foreign exchange or financial derivatives electronically.

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Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death.

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Employee stock option

An employee stock option (ESO) is commonly viewed as a complex call option on the common stock of a company, granted by the company to an employee as part of the employee's remuneration package.

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Equity (finance)

In accounting and finance, equity is the difference between the value of the assets/interest and the cost of the liabilities of something owned.

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Europe

Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

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Exchange-traded fund

An exchange-traded fund (ETF) is an investment fund traded on stock exchanges, much like stocks.

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Expected value

In probability theory, the expected value of a random variable is intuitively the long-run average value of repetitions of the experiment it represents.

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Falun Mine

Falun Mine (Swedish: Falu Gruva) was a mine in Falun, Sweden, that operated for a millennium from the 10th century to 1992.

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Fiduciary

A fiduciary is a person who holds a legal or ethical relationship of trust with one or more other parties (person or group of persons).

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Finance

Finance is a field that deals with assets and liabilities over time under conditions of certainty and uncertainty.

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Financial instrument

Financial instruments are tradable assets of any kind.

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Financial risk

Financial risk is an umbrella term for multiple types of risk associated with financing, including financial transactions that include company loans in risk of default.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Freight transport

Freight transport is the physical process of transporting commodities and merchandise goods and cargo.

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Fundamental analysis

Fundamental analysis, in finance, is the analysis of a business's financial statements (usually to analyze the business's assets, liabilities, and earnings); health; and its competitors and markets.

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Futures contract

In finance, a futures contract (more colloquially, futures) is a contract between two parties to buy or sell an asset for a price agreed upon today (the futures price) with delivery and payment occurring at a future point, the delivery date.

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Global Industry Classification Standard

The Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) is an industry taxonomy developed in 1999 by MSCI and Standard & Poor's (S&P) for use by the global financial community.

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Golden share

A golden share is a nominal share which is able to outvote all other shares in certain specified circumstances, often held by a government organization, in a government company undergoing the process of privatization and transformation into a stock-company.

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Greater fool theory

The greater fool theory states that the price of an object is determined not by its intrinsic value, but rather by irrational beliefs and expectations of market participants.

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Hemline

The hemline is the line formed by the lower edge of a garment, such as a skirt, dress or coat, measured from the floor.

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House stock

A house stock is a stock that the management of a brokerage firm or boiler room has instructed all its brokers to promote.

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Hybrid Investment

Hybrid investments, also known as derivatives or just hybrids, are a form of investment that combines equity and debt features, allowing companies to protect themselves against financial risks in securities transactions.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Indies

The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term that has been used to describe the lands of South and South East Asia,Oxford Dictionary of English 2e, Oxford University Press, 2003, East Indies/East India occupying all of the present India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, most of Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Brunei, Singapore, the Philippines, East Timor, and Malaysia.

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Individual

An individual is a person or a specific object.

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Initial public offering

Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of stock in a company usually are sold to institutional investors that in turn, sell to the general public, on a securities exchange, for the first time.

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Insider trading

Insider trading is the trading of a public company's stock or other securities (such as bonds or stock options) by individuals with access to nonpublic information about the company.

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Instinet

Instinet is an institutional, agency-only broker that also serves as the independent equity trading arm of its parent, Nomura Group.

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Investment

Investment is time, energy, or matter spent in the hope of future benefits actualized within a specified date or time frame.

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Investor relations

Investor Relations (IR) is a strategic management responsibility that is capable of integrating finance, communication, marketing and securities law compliance to enable the most effective two-way communication between a company, the financial community, and other constituencies, which ultimately contributes to a company's securities achieving fair valuation.

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Joint-stock company

A joint-stock company is a business entity where different stocks can be bought and owned by shareholders.

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Lawsuit

A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." The term refers to any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.

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Legal personality

To have legal personality means to be capable of having legal rights and obligations within a certain legal system, such as entering into contracts, suing, and being sued.

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Liquidation

In law and business, liquidation is the process by which a company (or part of a company) is brought to an end, and the assets and property of the company are redistributed.

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Livy

Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 17)—known as Livy in English—was a Roman historian who wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people – Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Books from the Foundation of the City) – covering the period from the earliest legends of Rome before the traditional foundation in 753 BC through the reign of Augustus in Livy's own time.

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Loan

In finance, a loan is a debt provided by one entity (organization or individual) to another entity at an interest rate, and evidenced by a note which specifies, among other things, the principal amount, interest rate, and date of repayment.

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Long (finance)

In finance, a long position in a security, such as a stock or a bond, or equivalently to be long in a security, means the holder of the position owns the security and will profit if the price of the security goes up.

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Management

Management in businesses and organizations is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives by using available resources efficiently and effectively.

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Management entrenchment

Management or Managerial entrenchment is a hypothesis for anti-takeover in corporate business.

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Market capitalization

Market capitalization or market cap is the total money market value of the shares outstanding of a publicly traded company; it is equal to the share price times the number of shares outstanding.

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Martin J. Whitman

Martin J. Whitman (born September 30, 1924) September 05, 1993 is an American investment advisor and a strong critic of the direction of recent changes in Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in the U.S. He is founder and Co-Chief Investment Officer of Third Avenue Management, and Portfolio Manager of the Third Avenue Value Fund.

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Middle Ages

In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Monopoly

A monopoly (from Greek monos μόνος (alone or single) + polein πωλεῖν (to sell)) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity (this contrasts with a monopsony which relates to a single entity's control of a market to purchase a good or service, and with oligopoly which consists of a few entities dominating an industry).

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Naked short selling

Naked short selling, or naked shorting, is the practice of short-selling a tradable asset of any kind without first borrowing the security or ensuring that the security can be borrowed, as is conventionally done in a short sale.

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NASDAQ

The NASDAQ Stock Market, commonly known as the NASDAQ (currently stylized as Nasdaq), is an American/Canadian stock exchange.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Nonprofit organization

A nonprofit organization (NPO, also known as a non-business entity) is an organization that uses its surplus revenues to further achieve its purpose or mission, rather than distributing its surplus income to the organization's directors (or equivalents) as profit or dividends.

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Option (finance)

In finance, an option is a contract which gives the buyer (the owner or holder) the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or instrument at a specified strike price on or before a specified date, depending on the form of the option.

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OTC Bulletin Board

The OTC (Over-The-Counter) Bulletin Board or OTCBB is a United States quotation medium operated by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) for its subscribing members.

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OTC Markets Group

OTC Markets Group, (previously known as Pink Sheets) is a United States financial marketplace providing price and liquidity information for almost 10,000 over-the-counter (OTC) securities.

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Over-the-counter (finance)

Over-the-counter (OTC) or off-exchange trading is done directly between two parties, without any supervision of an exchange.

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Ownership

Ownership of property may be private, collective, or common, and the property may be of objects, land/real estate or intellectual property.

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Par value

Par value, in finance and accounting, means stated value or face value.

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Penny stock

Penny stocks, also known as cent stocks in some countries, are common shares of small public companies that trade at low prices per share.

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Preferred stock

Preferred stock (also called Preferred shares, preference shares or simply preferreds) is a type of stock which may have any combination of features not possessed by common stock including properties of both an equity and a debt instrument, and is generally considered a hybrid instrument.

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Principal–agent problem

The principal–agent problem (also known as agency dilemma or theory of agency) occurs when one person or entity (the "agent") is able to make decisions on behalf of, or that impact, another person or entity: the "principal".

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Public float

Public float or free float represents the portion of shares of a corporation that are in the hands of public investors as opposed to locked-in stock held by promoters, company officers, controlling-interest investors, or government.

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Pump and dump

"Pump and dump" (P&D) is a form of microcap stock fraud that involves artificially inflating the price of an owned stock through false and misleading positive statements, in order to sell the cheaply purchased stock at a higher price.

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Put option

In finance, a put or put option is a stock market device which gives the owner of the put the right, but not the obligation, to sell an asset (the underlying), at a specified price (the strike), by a predetermined date (the expiry or maturity) to a given party (the seller of the put).

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Random walk

A random walk is a mathematical formalization of a path that consists of a succession of random steps.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland.

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Restricted stock

Restricted stock, also known as letter stock or restricted securities, refers to stock of a company that is not fully transferable (from the stock-issuing company to the person receiving the stock award) until certain conditions (restrictions) have been met.

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Return on equity

Return on equity (ROE) measures the rate of return for ownership interest (shareholders' equity) of common stock owners.

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Royal charter

A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.

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Scripophily

Scripophily is the study and collection of stock and bond certificates.

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Security (finance)

A security is a tradable financial asset.

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Share (finance)

In financial markets, a share is a unit of account for various investments.

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Share price

A share price is the price of a single share of a number of saleable stocks of a company, derivative or other financial asset.

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Shareholder

A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns a share of stock in a public or private corporation.

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Shareholder value

Shareholder value is a business term, sometimes phrased as shareholder value maximization or as the shareholder value model, which implies that the ultimate measure of a company's success is the extent to which it enriches shareholders.

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Short (finance)

In finance, short selling (also known as shorting or going short) is the practice of selling securities or other financial instruments that are not currently owned, and subsequently repurchasing them ("covering").

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Single-stock futures

In finance, a single-stock future (SSF) is a type of futures contract between two parties to exchange a specified number of stocks in a company for a price agreed today (the futures price or the strike price) with delivery occurring at a specified future date, the delivery date.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.

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Stakeholder (corporate)

A stakeholder or stakeholders, as defined in its first usage in a 1963 internal memorandum at the Stanford Research Institute, are "those groups without whose support the organization would cease to exist." The theory was later developed and championed by R. Edward Freeman in the 1980s.

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Standard deviation

In statistics, the standard deviation (SD, also represented by the Greek letter sigma, σ for the population standard deviation or s for the sample standard deviation) is a measure that is used to quantify the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of data values.

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Stock and flow

Economics, business, accounting, and related fields often distinguish between quantities that are stocks and those that are flows.

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Stock certificate

In corporate law, a stock certificate (also known as certificate of stock or share certificate) is a legal document that certifies ownership of a specific number of shares or stock in a corporation.

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Stock dilution

Stock dilution is an economic phenomenon resulting from the issue of additional common shares by a company.

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Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an exchange or stock market where stock brokers and traders can buy and/or sell stocks (also called shares), bonds, and other securities.

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Stock market

A stock market or equity market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares); these may include securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.

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Stock market index

A stock index or stock market index is a measurement of the value of a section of the stock market.

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Stock trader

A stock trader or equity trader or share trader is a person or company involved in trading equity securities.

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Stock valuation

In financial markets, stock valuation is the method of calculating theoretical values of companies and their stocks.

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Stockbroker

A stockbroker is a regulated professional individual, usually associated with a brokerage firm or broker-dealer, who buys and sells stocks and other securities for both retail and institutional clients, through a stock exchange or over the counter, in return for a fee or commission.

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Stora Enso

Stora Enso Oyj is a Finnish pulp and paper manufacturer, formed by the merger of Swedish mining and forestry products company Stora and Finnish forestry products company Enso-Gutzeit Oy in 1998.

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Stub (stock)

A stub is the stock representing the remaining equity in a corporation left over after a major cash or security distribution from a buyout, a spin-out, a demerger or some other form of restructuring removes most of the company's operations from the parent corporation.

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Subset

In mathematics, especially in set theory, a set A is a subset of a set B, or equivalently B is a superset of A, if A is "contained" inside B, that is, all elements of A are also elements of B. A and B may coincide.

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Superpower

A superpower is a state with a dominant position in international relations and is characterised by its unparalleled ability to exert influence or project power on a global scale.

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Supply and demand

In microeconomics, supply and demand is an economic model of price determination in a market.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Technical analysis

In finance, technical analysis is a security analysis methodology for forecasting the direction of prices through the study of past market data, primarily price and volume.

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Toulouse

Toulouse (locally:; Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital city of the southwestern French department of Haute-Garonne, as well as of the Midi-Pyrénées region.

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Tracking stock

Tracking stock or targeted stock are specialized equity offerings issued by a company that is based on the operations of a wholly owned subsidiary of a diversified firm.

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Trade finance

Trade finance signifies financing for trade, and it concerns both domestic and international trade transactions.

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Underlying

In finance, the underlying of a derivative is an asset, basket of assets, index, or even another derivative, such that the cash flows of the (former) derivative depend on the value of this underlying.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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Voluntary association

A voluntary group or union (also sometimes called a voluntary organization, unincorporated association, common-interest association,Prins HEL et al. (2010).. Cengage Learning. or just an association) is a group of individuals who enter into an agreement as volunteers to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose.

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Volunteering

Volunteering is generally considered an altruistic activity where an individual or group provides services for no financial gain.

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Voting interest

Voting interest (or voting power) in business and accounting means the total number of votes entitled to be cast on the issue at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote which is contingent upon the happening of a condition or event which has not occurred at the time.

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Working capital

Working capital (abbreviated WC) is a financial metric which represents operating liquidity available to a business, organization or other entity, including governmental entity.

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Capital stock, Cash equity, Equities, Equity securities, Equity security, Stock (finance), Stocks and Shares, Stocks and shares.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stock

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