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Substrate (chemistry)

In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with reagent to generate a product. [1]

33 relations: Active site, Anandamide, Biochemistry, Casein, Catalase, Catalysis, Chemical decomposition, Chemical reaction, Chemical species, Chemical synthesis, Chymosin, Cytochrome P450, Enzyme, Enzyme promiscuity, Fatty acid amide hydrolase, Glycolysis, Hydrogen peroxide, In vitro, In vivo, Irreversible process, Le Chatelier's principle, Limiting factor, Limiting reagent, Molecule, Organic chemistry, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Product (chemistry), Reaction progress kinetic analysis, Reagent, Rennet, Reversible reaction, Solvent, 2-Arachidonoylglycerol.

Active site

In biology, the active site is the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction.

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Anandamide

Anandamide, also known as N-arachidonoylethanolamine or AEA, is an endogenous cannabinoid neurotransmitter.

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Biochemistry

Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

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Casein

Casein (or, from Latin caseus, "cheese") is the name for a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).

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Catalase

Catalase is a common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed to oxygen (such as bacteria, plants, and animals).

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Catalysis

Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalyst.

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Chemical decomposition

Chemical decomposition, analysis or breakdown is the separation of a chemical compound into elements or simpler compounds.

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Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

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Chemical species

Chemical species are atoms, molecules, molecular fragments, ions, etc., subjected to a chemical process or to a measurement.

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Chemical synthesis

In chemistry, chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.

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Chymosin

Chymosin or rennin is a protease found in rennet.

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Cytochrome P450

Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) belong to the superfamily of proteins containing a heme cofactor and, therefore, are hemoproteins.

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Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Enzyme promiscuity

Enzyme promiscuity is the ability of an enzyme to catalyse a fortuitous side reaction in addition to its main reaction.

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Fatty acid amide hydrolase

Fatty acid amide hydrolase or FAAH (oleamide hydrolase, anandamide amidohydrolase) is a member of the serine hydrolase family of enzymes.

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Glycolysis

Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.

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Hydrogen peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.

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In vitro

Studies that are in vitro (in glass; often not italicized in English) are performed with cells or biological molecules studied outside their normal biological context; for example proteins are examined in solution, or cells in artificial culture medium.

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In vivo

Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms usually animals including humans, and plants as opposed to a partial or dead organism, or those done in vitro ("within the glass"), i.e., in a laboratory environment using test tubes, petri dishes etc.

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Irreversible process

In science, a process that is not reversible is called irreversible.

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Le Chatelier's principle

In chemistry, Le Châtelier's principle, also called Chatelier's principle or "The Equilibrium Law", can be used to predict the effect of a change in conditions on a chemical equilibrium.

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Limiting factor

A limiting factor in a system is an input or variable such that a small change in it from the present value would cause a non-negligible change in an output or other measure of the system.

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Limiting reagent

The limiting reagent (or limiting reactant) in a chemical reaction is the substance which is totally consumed when the chemical reaction is complete.

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Molecule

A molecule (from Latin moles "mass") is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.

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Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.

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Product (chemistry)

Products are the species formed from chemical reactions.

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Reaction progress kinetic analysis

In chemistry, reaction progress kinetic analysis (RPKA) is a subset of a broad range of kinetic techniques utilized to determine the rate laws of chemical reactions and to aid in elucidation of reaction mechanisms.

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Reagent

A reagent is a "substance or compound that is added to a system in order to bring about a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs." Although the terms reactant and reagent are often used interchangeably, a reactant is more specifically a "substance that is consumed in the course of a chemical reaction".

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Rennet

Rennet is a complex of enzymes produced in the stomachs of ruminant mammals which is used in the production of most cheeses.

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Reversible reaction

A reversible reaction is a chemical reaction that results in an equilibrium mixture of reactants and products.

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Solvent

A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "I loosen, untie, I solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically different liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

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2-Arachidonoylglycerol

2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is an endocannabinoid, an endogenous agonist of the CB1 receptor.

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Chromogenic substrate, Enzyme substrate, Enzyme substrate (Biology), Enzyme substrate (biology), Substrate (biochemistry), Substrate molecule, Substrate specificity.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Substrate_(chemistry)

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