27 relations: Angular velocity, Centrifuge, Chemist, Chemistry, Colloid, Femtosecond, G-force, International System of Units, Micrometre, Nobel Prize, Prokaryote, Protein, Ribosomal RNA, Ribosome, Second, Sedimentation, Sedimentation coefficient, Sievert, Sverdrup, Sweden, Theodor Svedberg, Ultracentrifuge, 16S ribosomal RNA, 23S ribosomal RNA, 30S, 50S, 5S ribosomal RNA.
In physics, the angular velocity is defined as the rate of change of angular displacement and is a vector quantity (more precisely, a pseudovector) which specifies the angular speed (rotational speed) of an object and the axis about which the object is rotating.
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A centrifuge is a piece of equipment that puts an object in rotation around a fixed axis (spins it in a circle), applying a potentially strong force perpendicular to the axis of spin (outward).
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A chemist is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.
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Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and change of matter.
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A colloid, in chemistry, is a substance in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
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A femtosecond is the SI unit of time equal to 10−15 or 1/1,000,000,000,000,000 of a second.
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g-force (with g from gravitational) is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes weight.
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The International System of Units (Système International d'Unités, SI) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: µm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling 1×10−6 of a metre (SI standard prefix "micro-".
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The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Norwegian: Nobelprisen) is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian committees in recognition of academic, cultural and/or scientific advances.
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A prokaryote is a single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus (karyon), mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.
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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
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In molecular biology, ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) is the RNA component of the ribosome, and is essential for protein synthesis in all living organisms.
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The ribosome is a large and complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation).
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The second (symbol: s) (abbreviated s or sec) is the base unit of time in the International System of Units (SI).
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Sedimentation is the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they are entrained, and come to rest against a barrier.
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The sedimentation coefficient s of a particle is used to characterize its behaviour in sedimentation processes, notably centrifugation.
The sievert (symbol: Sv)Not be confused with the sverdrup, a non-SI unit of volume transport which carries the same symbol.
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The sverdrup, named in honour of the pioneering oceanographer Harald Sverdrup, is a unit of measure of volume transport.
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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
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Theodor ("The") Svedberg (30 August 1884 – 25 February 1971) was a Swedish chemist and Nobel laureate, active at Uppsala University.
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The ultracentrifuge is a centrifuge optimized for spinning a rotor at very high speeds, capable of generating acceleration as high as (approx.). There are two kinds of ultracentrifuges, the preparative and the analytical ultracentrifuge.
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16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) is a component of the 30S small subunit of prokaryotic ribosomes.
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The 23S rRNA is a 2904 nt long (in E. coli) component of the large subunit (50S) of the bacterial ribosome.
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30S is the smaller subunit of the 70S ribosome of prokaryotes.
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50S is the larger subunit of the 70S ribosome of prokaryotes.
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The 5S ribosomal RNA (5S rRNA) is an approximately 120 nucleotide-long ribosomal RNA molecule with a mass of 40 kDa.
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