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Taa language

Taa, also known as !Xóõ (ǃKhong, ǃXoon – pronounced), is a Khoisan language notable for its large number of phonemes, perhaps the largest in the world. [1]

74 relations: Adjective, Agreement (linguistics), Allophone, Alveolar clicks, Alveolar consonant, Anthony Traill (linguist), Approximant consonant, Aspirated consonant, Bilabial clicks, Bilabial consonant, Botswana, Breathy voice, Causative, Click consonant, Consonant cluster, Contour (linguistics), Creaky voice, ǂ’Amkoe language, Dental clicks, Dental consonant, Dialect continuum, Diphthong, Egressive sound, Ejective consonant, Fricative consonant, Gǀui dialect, Genitive case, Ghanzi District, Glottal consonant, Glottalization, Hardap Region, Homorganic consonants, Ingressive sound, Juǀ'hoan dialect, Kalahari Basin, Kgalagadi District, Khoisan languages, Kweneng District, Labial consonant, Lateral clicks, Lateral consonant, Lower Nossob language, Mora (linguistics), Namibia, Nasal consonant, Nǁng language, Noun, Omaheke Region, Palatal clicks, Palatal consonant, ..., Pharyngealization, Phonation, Phoneme, Preposition and postposition, Pulmonic-contour clicks, Reduplication, Relative clause, Segment (linguistics), Serial verb construction, Sonorant, Southern District (Botswana), Sprachbund, Stop consonant, Strident vowel, Subject–verb–object, Tenuis consonant, Tone (linguistics), Tuu languages, Uvular consonant, Vaal–Orange language, Velar consonant, Velar nasal, Voice (phonetics), Voicelessness. Expand index (24 more) »

Adjective

In linguistics, an adjective is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

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Agreement (linguistics)

Agreement or concord happens when a word changes form depending on the other words to which it relates.

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Allophone

In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds (or phones) or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.

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Alveolar clicks

The alveolar or postalveolar clicks are a family of click consonants found only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.

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Alveolar consonant

Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

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Anthony Traill (linguist)

Professor Anthony Traill (1939–2007) was a linguist (specifically a phonetician), who was the world's foremost authority on a San (more broadly, a Khoisan) language called !Xóõ.

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Approximant consonant

Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.

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Aspirated consonant

In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.

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Bilabial clicks

The labial or bilabial clicks are a family of click consonants that sound something like a smack of the lips.

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Bilabial consonant

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.

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Botswana

Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.

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Breathy voice

Breathy voice (also called murmured voice, soughing, or susurration) is a phonation in which the vocal cords vibrate, as they do in normal (modal) voicing, but are held further apart, so that a larger volume of air escapes between them.

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Causative

In linguistics, a causative (abbreviated) is a valency-increasing operationPayne, Thomas E. (1997).

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Click consonant

Clicks are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of southern Africa, and in three languages of East Africa.

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Consonant cluster

In linguistics, a consonant cluster or consonant sequence is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel.

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Contour (linguistics)

In phonetics, contour describes speech sounds which behave as single segments, but which make an internal transition from one quality, place, or manner to another.

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Creaky voice

In linguistics, creaky voice (sometimes called laryngealisation, pulse phonation, vocal fry, or glottal fry) is a special kind of phonation in which the arytenoid cartilages in the larynx are drawn together; as a result, the vocal folds are compressed rather tightly, becoming relatively slack and compact.

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ǂ’Amkoe language

, formerly called by the dialectal name (or in native orthography), is a severely endangered Kx'a language of Botswana.

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Dental clicks

Dental (or more precisely denti-alveolar) clicks are a family of click consonants found, as constituents of words, only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.

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Dental consonant

A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.

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Dialect continuum

A dialect continuum or dialect area was defined by Leonard Bloomfield as a range of dialects spoken across some geographical area that differ only slightly between neighboring areas, but as one travels in any direction, these differences accumulate in such a way that speakers from opposite ends of the continuum are no longer mutually intelligible.

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Diphthong

A diphthong (Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, refers to two adjacent vowel sounds occurring within the same syllable.

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Egressive sound

In human speech, egressive sounds are sounds by which the air stream is created by pushing air out through the mouth or nose.

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Ejective consonant

In phonetics, ejective consonants are usually voiceless consonants that are pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.

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Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

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Gǀui dialect

or (pronounced in English, and also spelled ǀGwi, Dcui, Gcwi, or Cgui) is a Khoe dialect of Botswana with 2,500 speakers (2004 Cook).

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Genitive case

In grammar, genitive (abbreviated; also called the possessive case or second case) is the grammatical case that marks a noun as modifying another noun.

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Ghanzi District

Ghanzi (sometimes Gantsi) is a district in western Botswana, bordering Namibia in the west and extending east into much of the interior of the country.

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Glottal consonant

Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.

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Glottalization

Glottalization is the complete or partial closure of the glottis during the articulation of another sound.

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Hardap Region

Hardap is one of the thirteen regions of Namibia, its capital is Mariental.

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Homorganic consonants

Homorganic consonants (from homo- "same" and organ "(speech) organ") is a phonetics term for consonant sounds that are articulated in the same position or place of articulation in the mouth, such as (pronounced with both lips), or (pronounced by touching the tip of the tongue to the upper gums).

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Ingressive sound

In human speech, ingressive sounds are sounds by which the airstream flows inward through the mouth or nose.

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Juǀ'hoan dialect

(also rendered), or Southeastern ǃXuun (Southeastern Ju), is the southern variety of the !Kung dialect continuum spoken by about 30,000 people in the northeast of Namibia and by another 5,000 in the Northwest District of Botswana.

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Kalahari Basin

The Kalahari Basin or Kalahari Depression is a large lowland area covering over 2.5 million km² covering most of Botswana and parts of Namibia, South Africa, Angola, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

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Kgalagadi District

Kgalagadi is a district in southwest Botswana, lying along the country's border with Namibia and South Africa.

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Khoisan languages

The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are the languages of Africa that have click consonants but do not belong to other language families.

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Kweneng District

Kweneng is one of the districts of Botswana and is the recent historical homeland of the Bakwena people, the first group in Botswana converted to Christianity by famed missionary David Livingstone.

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Labial consonant

Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.

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Lateral clicks

The lateral clicks are a family of click consonants found only in African languages.

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Lateral consonant

A lateral is an L-like consonant, in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.

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Lower Nossob language

Lower Nossob an extinct Khoisan language once spoken along the Nossob River on the border of South Africa and Botswana, near Namibia.

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Mora (linguistics)

A mora (plural morae or moras; often symbolized μ) is a unit in phonology that determines syllable weight, which in some languages determines stress or timing.

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Namibia

Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), and formerly German South-West Africa and then South West Africa, is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.

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Nasal consonant

In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.

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Nǁng language

or, commonly known by its primary dialect, is a moribund Tuu (Khoisan) language once spoken in South Africa.

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Noun

A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.

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Omaheke Region

Omaheke is one of the fourteen regions of Namibia, its capital is Gobabis.

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Palatal clicks

The palatal or palato-alveolar clicks are a family of click consonants found only in Africa.

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Palatal consonant

Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

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Pharyngealization

Pharyngealization is a secondary articulation of consonants or vowels by which the pharynx or epiglottis is constricted during the articulation of the sound.

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Phonation

The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.

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Phoneme

A phoneme is all the phones that share the same signifier for a particular language's phonology.

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Preposition and postposition

Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions, are a class of words that express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or marking various semantic roles (of, for).

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Pulmonic-contour clicks

Pulmonic-contour clicks, also called sequential linguo-pulmonic consonants, are consonants that transition from a click to an ordinary pulmonic sound, or more precisely, have an audible delay between the front and rear release of the click.

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Reduplication

Reduplication in linguistics is a morphological process in which the root or stem of a word (or part of it) or even the whole word is repeated exactly or with a slight change.

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Relative clause

A relative clause is a kind of subordinate clause that contains an element whose interpretation is provided by an antecedent on which the subordinate clause is grammatically dependent; that is, there is an anaphoric relation between the relativized element in the relative clause, and the antecedent on which it depends.

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Segment (linguistics)

In linguistics (specifically, phonetics and phonology), a segment is "any discrete unit that can be identified, either physically or auditorily, in the stream of speech".

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Serial verb construction

The serial verb construction, also known as (verb) serialization or verb stacking, is a syntactic phenomenon whereby two or more verbs or verb phrases are strung together in a single clause.

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Sonorant

In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.

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Southern District (Botswana)

Southern is one of the districts of Botswana.

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Sprachbund

A sprachbund ("federation of languages") – also known as a linguistic area, area of linguistic convergence, diffusion area or language crossroads – is a group of languages that have common features resulting from geographical proximity and language contact.

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Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive, is an oral occlusive, a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

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Strident vowel

Strident vowels (also called sphincteric vowels) are strongly pharyngealized vowels accompanied by (ary)epiglottal trill, where the larynx is raised and the pharynx constricted, so that either the epiglottis or the arytenoid cartilages vibrate instead of the vocal cords.

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Subject–verb–object

In linguistic typology, subject–verb–object (SVO) is a sentence structure where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the object third.

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Tenuis consonant

In linguistics, a tenuis consonant is an obstruent that is unvoiced, unaspirated, unpalatalized, and unglottalized. That is, it has the "plain" phonation of, with a voice onset time close to zero, as in Spanish p, t, ch, k, or as in English p, t, k after s (spy, sty, sky).

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Tone (linguistics)

Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.

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Tuu languages

The Tuu or Taa–ǃKwi (Taa–ǃUi, ǃUi–Taa, Kwi) languages are a language family consisting of two language clusters spoken in Botswana and South Africa.

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Uvular consonant

Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.

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Vaal–Orange language

Vaal–Orange, also known as Seroa, is an extinct ǃKwi language of South Africa and Lesotho.

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Velar consonant

Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).

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Velar nasal

The velar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.

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Voice (phonetics)

Voice or voicing is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds, with sounds described as either voiceless (unvoiced) or voiced.

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Voicelessness

In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.

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Redirects here:

!Xoo, !Xoo language, !Xoon language, !Xoong language, !Xóõ, !Xóõ language, !Xõó, !xoo, !xoo language, !Ô language, Auni dialect, ISO 639:nmn, Iso 639:nmn, Kakia dialect, Masarwa dialect, N/amani language, N/gamani language, Ng/amani language, Ng/u//en language, Ngamani language, Ngǀuǁen language, Nǀgamani language, Ta'a language, Taa, Tsasi, Tsasi language, Xoo, Xoo language, Xoo!, Xóõ, ǃXoon, ǃXoon language, ǃXóõ, ǃXóõ language.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taa_language

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