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Thammasat University massacre

The Thammasat University Massacre, or Massacre of 6 October 1976 (เหตุการณ์ 6 ตุลา), was an attack on students and protesters that occurred on the campus of Thammasat University and at Sanam Luang in Bangkok. [1]

78 relations: Bangkok, Bangkok Post, Border Patrol Police, Cambodia, Carbine, Chakri Dynasty, Chulalongkorn University, Club (weapon), CNN, Communism, Communist Party of Thailand, Counter-insurgency, Dead Kennedys, Death by burning, Democrat Party (Thailand), Demonstration (protest), Fall of Saigon, Free-fire zone, French Indochina, Gaur, Germany, Giles Ji Ungpakorn, Grenade launcher, Hanging, Head of state, History of Thailand (1932–73), History of Thailand since 1973, Holiday in Cambodia, Internal Security Operations Command, Kriangsak Chamanan, Kris Sivara, Kukrit Pramoj, Lèse majesté in Thailand, Left-wing politics, List of massacres in Thailand, M16 rifle, Massacre, Military dictatorship, Militia, Nawaphon, Paramilitary, Parliamentary system, Pathet Lao, Pistol, Pramarn Adireksarn, Praphas Charusathien, Prem Tinsulanonda, Prime Minister of Thailand, Public opinion of the 2006 Thai coup d'état, Puey Ungpakorn, ..., Rape, Recoilless rifle, Red Gaurs, Right-wing politics, Royal Thai Police, Samak Sundaravej, Sanam Luang, Sangad Chaloryu, Sanya Dharmasakti, Seni Pramoj, Shooting, Social Action Party, South Vietnam, Sturmabteilung, Thai Nation Party, Thammasat University, Thanin Kraivichien, Thanom Kittikachorn, The King Never Smiles, Vajiralongkorn, Vietnam War, Village Scouts, Wat Bowonniwet Vihara, 1973 Thai popular uprising, 2005–06 Thai political crisis, 2008–10 Thai political crisis, 2009 Thai political unrest, 2013–14 Thai political crisis. Expand index (28 more) »

Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital and the most populous city of Thailand.

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Bangkok Post

The Bangkok Post is a broadsheet, English-language daily newspaper published in Bangkok, Thailand.

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Border Patrol Police

Border Patrol Police (ตำรวจตระเวนชายแดน) is a Thai paramilitary force responsible for border security and Counter-insurgency.

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Cambodia

Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, Kampuchea), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Preah Reacheanachak Kampuchea) and once known as the Khmer Empire, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Carbine

A carbine, from French carabine, is a long arm firearm but with a shorter barrel than a rifle or musket.

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Chakri Dynasty

The Chakri Dynasty (ราชวงศ์จักรี) is the current ruling royal house of the Kingdom of Thailand, while the Head of the house is the King of Thailand.

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Chulalongkorn University

Chulalongkorn University (จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย), officially abbreviated as CU and commonly abbreviated as Chula (จุฬาฯ), is the oldest university under the Thai modern educational system, founded in 1917 by King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) who named it after his father, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V).

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Club (weapon)

A club (also known as a cudgel, baton, truncheon, cosh, nightstick, or bludgeon) is among the simplest of all weapons: a short staff or stick, usually made of wood, wielded as a weapon since prehistoric times.

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CNN

The Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner.

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Communism

In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis – common, universal) is a social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.

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Communist Party of Thailand

The Communist Party of Thailand - CPT (พรรคคอมมิวนิสต์แห่งประเทศไทย, abbreviated พคท) was a Marxist-Leninist political party in Thailand active from 1942, until the 1990s.

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Counter-insurgency

According to the U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Guide (2009) counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency (COIN) "may be defined as ‘comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes’".

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Dead Kennedys

Dead Kennedys is an American hardcore punk band formed in San Francisco, California in 1978.

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Death by burning

Deliberately causing death through the effects of combustion, or effects of exposure to extreme heat, has a long history as a form of capital punishment.

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Democrat Party (Thailand)

The Democrat Party (พรรคประชาธิปัตย์ Phak Prachathipat) is a Thai political party.

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Demonstration (protest)

A demonstration or street protest is action by a mass group or collection of groups of people in favor of a political or other cause; it normally consists of walking in a mass march formation and either beginning with or meeting at a designated endpoint, or rally, to hear speakers.

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Fall of Saigon

The Fall of Saigon was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People’s Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng) on April 30, 1975.

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Free-fire zone

A free-fire zone in U.S. military parlance is a fire control measure, used for coordination between adjacent combat units.

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French Indochina

French Indo-China (now commonly known as French Indochina) (Indochine française; សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន.; Đông Dương thuộc Pháp,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Lao: ຝຣັ່ງແຫຼັມອິນດູຈີນ), officially known as the Indo-Chinese Union (Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indo-Chinese Federation (Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.

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Gaur

The gaur (Bos gaurus), also called Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine, native to South Asia and Southeast Asia.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

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Giles Ji Ungpakorn

Giles Ji Ungpakorn (ใจ อึ๊งภากรณ์;; IPA:; born 25 October 1953) is a Thai-British academic and political activist.

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Grenade launcher

A grenade launcher or grenade discharger is a weapon that launches a specially-designed grenade or a grenade cartridge with more accuracy, higher velocity, and to greater distances than a soldier could throw it by hand.

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Hanging

Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.

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Head of state

A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.

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History of Thailand (1932–73)

The history of Thailand from 1932 to 1973 was dominated by military dictatorships which were in power for much of the period.

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History of Thailand since 1973

The history of Thailand since 1973 saw an unstable period of democracy, with military rule being reimposed after a bloody coup in 1976.

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Holiday in Cambodia

"Holiday in Cambodia" is a song by American punk band the Dead Kennedys.

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Internal Security Operations Command

The Internal Security Operations Command (กองอำนวยการรักษาความมั่นคงภายในราชอาณาจักร) or ISOC (กอ.รมน.) is a unit of the Thai military devoted to national security issues.

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Kriangsak Chamanan

General Kriangsak Chamanan (17 December 191723 December 2003) served as prime minister of Thailand from 1977 to 1980.

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Kris Sivara

General Kris Sivara (Thai: กฤษณ์ สีวะรา,, alternatively transcribed as Srivara) (March 27, 1914 – April 28, 1976) was a military officer of the Royal Thai Army, a member of the Thai Cabinet, and Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army during the violent crackdown on democracy protesters on 14 October 1973.

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Kukrit Pramoj

Mom Rajawongse (M.R.) Kukrit Pramoj (Thai คึกฤทธิ์ ปราโมช) (April 20, 1911 - October 9, 1995) was a Thai politician and scholar.

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Lèse majesté in Thailand

Lèse majesté is the crime of violating majesty, an offence against the dignity of a reigning sovereign or against a state.

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Left-wing politics

Left-wing politics are political positions or activities that accept or support social equality, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality.

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List of massacres in Thailand

The following is a list of state massacres that have occurred in Thailand (numbers may be approximate): Thailand Massacres Category:History of Thailand.

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M16 rifle

The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a United States military adaptation of the ArmaLite AR-15 rifle.Danford Allan Kern. m-14parts.com. A thesis presented to the Faculty of the US Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE, Military History. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2006Peter G. Kokalis. nodakspud.com The original M16 was a select-fire, 5.56×45mm rifle with a 20-round magazine. In 1963, the M16 entered United States Military service and was deployed for jungle warfare operations during the Vietnam War. In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle to become the U.S. military's standard service rifle.Ezell, Edward Clinton (1983). Small Arms of the World. New York: Stackpole Books. pp. 46–47. ISBN 978-0-88029-601-4.Urdang, p. 801. The M16A1 improvements include a bolt-assist, chromed plated bore and a new 30-round magazine. In 1983, the USMC adopted the M16A2 rifle and the U.S. Army adopted it in 1986. The M16A2 fires the improved 5.56×45mm NATO (M855/SS109) cartridge and has a new adjustable rear sight, case deflector, heavy barrel, improved handguard, pistol grip and buttstock, as well as a semi-auto and three-round burst only fire selector. Adopted in 1998, the M16A4 is the fourth generation of the M16 series. It is equipped with a removable carrying handle and Picatinny rail for mounting optics and other ancillary devices. The M16 has also been widely adopted by other militaries around the world. Total worldwide production of M16s has been approximately 8 million, making it the most-produced firearm of its 5.56 mm caliber.. The U.S. Army has largely replaced the M16 in combat units with the shorter and lighter M4 carbine.

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Massacre

A massacre is a specific incident which involves the deliberate slaughter of people, although a tight definition has never emerged.

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Military dictatorship

A military dictatorship is a form of government in which a member of the military holds authoritarian control.

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Militia

A militia generally is an army or other fighting force that is composed of non-professional fighters; citizens of a nation or subjects of a state or government that can be called upon to enter a combat situation, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of the fighting nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).

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Nawaphon

The Nawaphon movement (ขบวนการนวพล, alternatively transcribed as Navapol, Nawapol, Nawaphol, translating to both "New Force" and "Ninth Force") was a Thai extreme right-wing patriotic and Buddhist organization active during the country's short democratic phase in the mid-1970s.

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Paramilitary

A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, and which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

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Pathet Lao

The Pathet Lao (Lao: ປະເທດລາວ, "Lao Nation") was a communist political movement and organization in Laos, formed in the mid-20th century.

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Pistol

A pistol is a type of handgun.

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Pramarn Adireksarn

Pramarn Adireksarn (ประมาณ อดิเรกสาร,, 31 December 1913–20 August 2010) was a Thai military officer and politician.

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Praphas Charusathien

Praphas Charusathien (ประภาส จารุเสถียร,,; 25 November 1912 – 18 August 1997) was a Thai military officer and politician.

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Prem Tinsulanonda

General Prem Tinsulanonda (เปรม ติณสูลานนท์;; IPA:; born August 26, 1920) is a retired Thai military officer who served as Prime Minister of Thailand from March 3, 1980 to August 4, 1988.

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Prime Minister of Thailand

The Prime Minister of Thailand (นายกรัฐมนตรีไทย) is the head of government of Thailand.

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Public opinion of the 2006 Thai coup d'état

Public opinion of the 2006 Thailand coup d'état was diverse.

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Puey Ungpakorn

Puey Ungpakorn, MBE (ป๋วย อึ๊งภากรณ์,; IPA:;; March 9, 1916 - July 28, 1999) was a Thai bureaucrat who played a central role in the shaping of Thailand's economic development and in the strengthening of its system of higher education.

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Rape

Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration perpetrated against a person without that person's consent.

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Recoilless rifle

A recoilless rifle (RCLR) or recoilless gun is a type of lightweight tube artillery that is designed to allow some of the propellant gases to escape out the rear of the weapon at the moment of ignition, creating forward thrust that counteracts some of the weapon's recoil.

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Red Gaurs

The Red Gaurs (Thai: กระทิงแดง Krathing Daeng) were an extreme right-wing paramilitary organization active in Thailand during the 1970s.

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Right-wing politics

Right-wing politics are political positions or activities that view some forms of social stratification or social inequality as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable,J.

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Royal Thai Police

The Royal Thai Police (RTP) (ตำรวจแห่งชาติ) are the national police force of Thailand.

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Samak Sundaravej

Samak Sundaravej (13 June 1935 – 24 November 2009) (สมัคร สุนทรเวช) was a Thai politician who briefly served as the Prime Minister of Thailand and Minister of Defense in 2008, as well as the leader of the People's Power Party in 2008.

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Sanam Luang

Sanam Luang (สนามหลวง) is an open field and public square in front of Wat Phra Kaew and the Grand Palace, Bangkok, Thailand.

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Sangad Chaloryu

Admiral Sangad Chaloryu (สงัด ชลออยู่;; 4 March 1915 - 23 November 1980) was a Thai admiral and politician who served as head of the National Administrative Reform Council (NARC), a military junta that ruled Thailand from 1976-1980.

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Sanya Dharmasakti

Sanya Dharmasakti (สัญญา ธรรมศักดิ์,, pronunciation:, 5 April 1907 – 6 January 2002) was a Thai jurist, university professor and politician.

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Seni Pramoj

Mom Rajawongse Seni Pramoj (May 26, 1905July 28, 1997) (หม่อมราชวงศ์เสนีย์ ปราโมช,, pronunciation) was three times the prime minister of Thailand and a politician in the Democrat Party.

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Shooting

Shooting is the act or process of discharging firearms or other projectile weapons such as bows or crossbows.

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Social Action Party

The Social Action Party (พรรคกิจสังคม) is a political party in Thailand.

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South Vietnam

South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), governed the southern half of Vietnam until 1975.

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Sturmabteilung

The Sturmabteilung (SA;; meaning Storm Detachment or Assault Division) in Nazi Germany, functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party.

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Thai Nation Party

Thai Nation Party, or Chart Thai Party (พรรคชาติไทย) was a conservative political party in Thailand.

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Thammasat University

Thammasat University (มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์) (TU) (ม.), is Thailand's second oldest institute of higher education.

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Thanin Kraivichien

Thanin Kraivichien (born April 5, 1927 in Bangkok, ธานินทร์ กรัยวิเชียร,; first name also spelled "Tanin", last name "Kraivixien" or "Kraivichian") is a Thai lawyer and politician.

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Thanom Kittikachorn

Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn (Thai ถนอม กิตติขจร,; August 11, 1911 – June 16, 2004) was a military dictator of Thailand.

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The King Never Smiles

The King Never Smiles is an unauthorized biography of Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej by Paul M. Handley, a freelance journalist who lived and worked as a foreign correspondent in Thailand.

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Vajiralongkorn

Maha Vajiralongkorn, Crown Prince of Thailand (สมเด็จพระบรมโอรสาธิราช เจ้าฟ้ามหาวชิราลงกรณ์ สยามมกุฎราชกุมาร; RTGS: —Mahawachiralongkon—;; literally: "Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, the Royal Son and Crown Prince of Siam") (born 28 July 1952) is the only son of Bhumibol Adulyadej, the King of Thailand, and Queen Sirikit.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and also known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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Village Scouts

Village Scouts (ลูกเสือชาวบ้าน) is the common name of a right-wing social movement and paramilitary militia of volunteers from the rural parts of Thailand.

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Wat Bowonniwet Vihara

Wat Bowonniwet Vihara Rajavaravihara (วัดบวรนิเวศวิหารราชวรวิหาร) is a major Buddhist temple (wat) in Phra Nakhon district, Bangkok, Thailand.

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1973 Thai popular uprising

The popular uprising of 14 October 1973 (เหตุการณ์ 14 ตุลา,, "October 14 Event"; or วันมหาวิปโยค,, "Day of Great Sorrow") was a watershed event in Thailand's history.

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2005–06 Thai political crisis

In 2005 and 2006, a series of events occurred in Thailand as a result of an unrest with Thaksin Shinawatra that was supported by Sondhi Limthongkul and his coalitions.

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2008–10 Thai political crisis

Since 2008, there has been an ongoing political crisis in Thailand in form of a conflict between the People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD) and the People's Power Party (PPP) governments of Prime Ministers Samak Sundaravej and Somchai Wongsawat, respectively, and later between the Democrat Party government of Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva and the National United Front of Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD).

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2009 Thai political unrest

A series of political demonstrations and following unrest occurred in Thailand from 26 March to 14 April 2009 in Bangkok and Pattaya against the government of Abhisit Vejjajiva and the military crackdown that followed.

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2013–14 Thai political crisis

The 2013–14 Thai political crisis was a period of political instability in Thailand.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thammasat_University_massacre

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