348 relations: Amnesty International, Amused to Death, Andy Hui, Andy Lau, Angela Merkel, Anti-Secession Law, Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign, April 26 Editorial, Armoured personnel carrier, Arrest and trial of Chen Ziming and Wang Juntao, Articulated bus, Asian Development Bank, Associated Press, August 2013 Rabaa massacre, Avon (publisher), Bank run, Bao Tong, Beidaihe District, Beijing Capital International Airport, Beijing Normal University, Beijing Students' Autonomous Federation, Beijing Workers' Autonomous Federation, Bier, Billy Joel, Bo Yibo, Boris Yeltsin, Bourgeois liberalization, Brandon Lee, British Nationality Selection Scheme, CBS, Censorship by Google, Central Academy of Drama, Central Advisory Commission, Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Central Military Commission, Central Military Commission (China), Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission, Chai Ling, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Chairman of the National People's Congress, Chairperson of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Chang'an Avenue, Changsha, Chaos A.D., Chemical Weapons Convention, Chen Xitong, Chen Yun, Chengdu, Chi Haotian, China Central Television, ..., China Radio International, China Road, China University of Political Science and Law, Chinese democracy movement, Chinese economic reform, Chinese Student Protection Act of 1992, Chris Patten, Collection of June Fourth Poems, Communication University of China, Communist Party of China, Communist Youth League of China, Compassionate release, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, Consumer price index, Counter-revolutionary, Cultural Revolution, Czechoslovakia, Dai Qing, Daily Times (Pakistan), December 9th Movement, Demographics of Libya, Demonstration (protest), Deng Xiaoping, Ding Zilin, Du Xian (news anchor), Duan Qirui, Dui Hua Foundation, East Germany, Eastern Bloc, Eight Elders, Epigram Books, European Parliament, Execution (painting), Executive Order 12711, Expanding bullet, Falun Gong, Fang Lizhi, Far Eastern Economic Review, Female infanticide, Feng Congde, Forbidden City (novel), Foreign Affairs, Freedom of speech, Freedom of the press, Frontline (U.S. TV series), Fuxingmen, General Office of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Gerhard Schröder, Goddess of Democracy, Government of China, Great Hall of the People, Guangming Daily (China), Happy Valley Racecourse, Hebei, Hedge fund, Hefei, History of Beijing, Hong Kong Island, Hou Dejian, Hsinchu, Hu Jintao, Hu Qili, Hu Yaobang, Hunger strike, Hypnotize (album), Hypnotize (System of a Down song), In the Cards, Indestructible (Rancid album), Industrial music, Internet censorship in China, Iron rice bowl, Jacques Chirac, James R. Lilley, Jay Mathews, Jiang Yanyong, Jiang Zemin, Joan Baez, José Manuel Barroso, June 4th Museum, Kate Adie, Killed in action, Kyra Phillips, La Vanguardia, Leadership of the People's Republic of China, Leonard Cohen, Li Lu, Li Peng, Li Xiannian, Li Ximing, List of massacres in China, List of modern political leaders of Tibet, Liu Gang, Liu Huaqing, Liu Xiaobo, Liza Fox, Lou Ye, Luo Gan, Mao Zedong, March 18 Massacre, Maria Cordero, Marillion, Marketization, Martial law, Martin Lee, Martin Scorsese, Mary Chapin Carpenter, Maryse Alberti, May 1998 riots of Indonesia, May Fourth Movement, Memorials for the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Michael Apted, Michael Jackson, Mikhail Gorbachev, Military regions of the People's Liberation Army, Ministry of Public Security (China), Ministry of State Security (China), Molotov cocktail, Monument to the People's Heroes, Moving the Mountain (1994 film), MSNBC, Muammar Gaddafi, Muxidi Station, Nanjing anti-African protests, Nanjing University, Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, Nanlishilu Station, National Tsing Hua University, Nepotism, Nevermore, Nicholas Kristof, North Korea, Occupation (protest), One country, two systems, Operation Yellowbird, Paramount leader, Pariah state, PBS, Peking University, People Power Revolution, People's Armed Police, People's Daily, People's Liberation Army, People's Liberation Army at Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, Politics of Shanghai, Premier of the People's Republic of China, President of the European Commission, President of the People's Republic of China, Princeton University, Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Premier Zhao Ziyang, Protest, Punk rock, Purge, Pyongyang, Qian Liren, Qiao Shi, R.E.M., Rancid (band), Rapid Fire (1992 film), Red herring, Redemption (Star Trek: The Next Generation), Refuse/Resist, Reporters Without Borders, Reserve power, Revenge of the Green Dragons, Revolutions of 1989, Richard Roth (journalist), Rob Gifford, Robin Munro, Roger Waters, Roman numerals, Roman Tam, Sally Yeh, Seasons in the Abyss, Secretariat of the Communist Party of China, Separation of powers, Sepultura, Shandong, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shen Tong, Shiny Happy People, Sichuan, Sino-Soviet split, Sit-in, Skinny Puppy, Slayer, Social equality, Speaking of Dreams, Star Trek, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: The Next Generation, State Council of the People's Republic of China, State funeral, State visit, State-owned enterprise, Suharto, Summer Palace (film), Superstition (Siouxsie and the Banshees album), Swan song, System of a Down, Szeto Wah, Taiwan, Tank Man, Tears of the Prophets, Televisión Española, Testament (band), The Age of Miracles (album), The Critical Moment, The Cure, The Future (Leonard Cohen album), The Gate of Heavenly Peace, The Guardian, The Hooters, The Internationale, The New York Times, The Politics of Ecstasy (album), The Tiananmen Papers, They Don't Care About Us, Thrash metal, Tiananmen, Tiananmen Incident, Tiananmen Mothers, Tiananmen Square, Tianqiao District, Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century, Tin Omen (song), Tom Brokaw, Tony Thomas (producer), Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Trencher (machine), Trolleybus, Trudie Styler, Tsim Sha Tsui, Tsinghua University, Type 59, United Front (People's Republic of China), United Nations Convention against Torture, United Nations Security Council, United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, Venture capital, Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China, Vice President of the People's Republic of China, W. W. Norton & Company, Wall Street, Wan Li, Wang Dan, Wang Youcai, Wang Zhen, Waves of mass migrations from Hong Kong, We Didn't Start the Fire, Wen Jiabao, Western Europe, WikiLeaks, World Bank, World Economic Herald, World Trade Organization, Wreath, Wu Xueqian, Wu'erkaixi, Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, Wukesong, Xi'an, Xidan, Xinhua News Agency, Xinjiang, Xinwen Lianbo, Xu Qinxian, Xue Fei (host), Yahoo! News, Yan Jiaqi, Yan Mingfu, Yang Shangkun, Yao Yilin, Zhao Changqing, Zhao Ziyang, Zhejiang, Zhengyangmen, Zhongnanhai, Zhou Yongjun incident, Zhu Rongji, 15th Airborne Corps, 1994 Hong Kong electoral reform, 1st Armored Division (People's Republic of China), 2006 youth protests in France, 20th anniversary of Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, 20th Group Army, 26th Army (People's Republic of China), 27th Group Army, 38th Group Army, 39th Group Army, 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 40th Group Army, 500 Miles, 54th Group Army, 65th Group Army, 8888 Uprising. Expand index (298 more) » « Shrink index
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty and AI) is a non-governmental organisation focused on human rights with over 7 million members and supporters around the world.
Amused to Death is a concept album, and the third studio album by former Pink Floyd bassist/vocalist Roger Waters.
Andy Hui Chi-On (born 12 August 1967) is a Hong Kong singer and film actor.
Andy Lau Tak-wah MH, JPFocus Film.
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner; born 17 July 1954) is a German politician and former research scientist who has been the Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and the Leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
The Anti-Secession Law is a law of the People's Republic of China (PRC), passed by the third conference of the 10th National People's Congress.
The Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign was a political campaign spearheaded by conservative factions within the Communist Party of China that lasted from October 1983 to December 1983.
The April 26 Editorial was a front-page article published on People's Daily on April 26, 1989, during the Tiananmen Square protests.
An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.
Chen Ziming (8 January 1952 – 21 October 2014) and Wang Juntao were arrested in late 1989 for their involvement in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
An articulated bus (either a motor bus or trolleybus) is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 22 August 1966 which is headquartered in Metro Manila, Philippines, to facilitate economic development in Asia.
The Associated Press (AP) is an American multinational nonprofit news agency headquartered in New York City.
On 14 August 2013 Egyptian security forces raided two camps of protesters in Cairo: one at al-Nahda Square and a larger one at Rabaa al-Adawiya Square.
Avon Publications was an American paperback book and comic book publisher.
A bank run (also known as a run on the bank) occurs when, in a fractional-reserve banking system (where banks normally only keep a small proportion of their assets as cash), a large number of customers withdraw cash from deposit accounts with a financial institution at the same time because they believe that the financial institution is, or might become, insolvent; and keep the cash or transfer into other assets, such as government bonds, precious metals or stones.
Bao Tong (born November 1932 in Haining, Zhejiang) was former Director of the Office of Political Reform of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Policy Secretary of Zhao Ziyang, Chinese Premier from 1980 to 1987 and CPC General Secretary from 1987 to 1989.
Beidaihe District is a popular beach resort and a district of the city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei province on China's Bohai Sea coast.
Beijing Capital International Airport is the main international airport serving Beijing.
Beijing Normal University (BNU), colloquially known as 北师大 or Beishida, is a public research university located in Beijing with strong emphasis on basic disciplines of humanities and sciences.
The Beijing Students’ Autonomous Federation was a self-governing student organization, representing multiple Beijing universities, and acting as the student protesters’ principle decision-making body during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
The Beijing Workers' Autonomous Federation (BWAF), or Beijing Workers’ Autonomous Union (simplified Chinese: 北京工人自治联合会; pinyin: Běijīng gōngrén zìzhì liánhéhuì; popularly referred to in Chinese as gōngzìlián, meaning "the workers’ federation") was the primary Chinese workers' organization calling for political change during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
A bier is a stand on which a corpse, coffin, or casket containing a corpse, is placed to lie in state or to be carried to the grave.
William Martin "Billy" Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American pianist, singer-songwriter, and composer.
Bo Yibo (17 February 1908 – 15 January 2007) was a Chinese political and military leader.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (p; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.
Bourgeois liberalization refers to either parliamentary democracy or Western popular culture.
Brandon Bruce Lee (February 1, 1965 – March 31, 1993) was an American actor and martial artist.
The British Nationality Selection Scheme (BNSS) was a process used to grant British citizenship to selected persons in Hong Kong between 1990 and 1997.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System; corporate name CBS Broadcasting, Inc.) is an American commercial broadcast television and radio network that is the flagship property of CBS Corporation.
Censorship by Google is Google's removal or omission of information from its services or those of its subsidiary companies, such as YouTube, in order to comply with its company policies, legal demands, or various government censorship laws.
The Central Academy of Drama (or Central Drama Academy, Central Drama College, Its abbreviation is Zhong Xi which is literally "Central Drama") is a drama school in Beijing, China.
Central Advisory Commission (CAC) of the People's Republic of China is a former body of the Communist Party of China that existed during the era of the paramount leadership of Deng Xiaoping.
The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) is the highest internal-control institution of the Communist Party of China (CPC), tasked with enforcing internal rules and regulations and combating corruption and malfeasance in the Party.
A Central Military Commission or National Defense Commission is an organization typical of socialist one-party states espousing communism, responsible for the ruling party's control of the nation's armed forces.
The Central Military Commission (CMC) refers to the parallel national defense organizations of the Communist Party of China and the People's Republic of China: the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China (a state organ) and the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (a party organ).
The Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China, commonly referred to as Zhongyang Zhengfawei (中央政法委) in Chinese, is the organization under the party's Central Committee responsible for political and legal affairs.
Chai Ling (Pinyin: Chái Líng) (born April 15, 1966 in Rizhao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China) was one of the student leaders in the Tian'anmen Square massacre of 1989.
The Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China has overall responsibility for the Central Military Commission.
The Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is the presiding officer of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, which is considered China's top legislative body.
The Chairperson of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference is the leader of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (National CPPCC), which is a political advisory body in the People's Republic of China.
Chang'an Avenue, literally "Eternal Peace Street", is a major thoroughfare in Beijing, China.
Changsha (simplified Chinese: 长沙; traditional Chinese: 長沙; pinyin: Chángshā) is the capital of Hunan Province in south-central China, located on the lower reaches of the Xiang River, a branch of the Yangtze River.
Chaos A.D. is the fifth studio album by Brazilian heavy metal band Sepultura, released on September 2, 1993 by Roadrunner Records.
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is an arms control treaty which outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors.
Chen Xitong (June 10, 1930 – June 2, 2013) was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China and the Mayor of Beijing until he was removed from office on charges of corruption in 1995.
Chen Yun (pronounced; 13 June 1905 – 10 April 1995) was one of the most influential leaders of the People's Republic of China during the 1980s and 90's.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is the provincial capital of Sichuan province in Southwest China, as well as a major city in Western China.
General Chi Haotian (born July 1929) is a general of the People's Liberation Army.
China Central Television or Chinese Central Television (formerly "Beijing Television"), commonly abbreviated as CCTV, is the predominant state television broadcaster in mainland China.
China Radio International (CRI) is the People's Republic of China (PRC) state-owned international radio broadcaster, currently headquartered in Babaoshan, a subdistrict of Beijing.
China Road: A Journey into the Future of a Rising Power is a 2007 book by Rob Gifford.
China University of Political Science and Law (CUPL) is a university in Beijing, People's Republic of China.
The Chinese democracy movement, abbreviated as Minyun refers to a series of loosely organized political movements in the People's Republic of China against the continued one-party rule by the Communist Party.
The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms called "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China (CPC) led by Deng Xiaoping.
Prior to the Chinese Student Protection Act of 1992 (CSPA), President George H.W Bush issued Executive Order 12711 in 1990.
Christopher Francis Patten, Baron Patten of Barnes (born 12 May 1944) is a former governor of Hong Kong.
Collection of June Fourth Poems: Commemorating the Tiananmen Square Protest is an anthology of poems commemorating the June Fourth protests in China (Tiananmen Square protests of 1989).
The Communication University of China (CUC) (Simplified Chinese: 中国传媒大学 pinyin: zhōngguó chuánméi dàxué) is a public university in Beijing, China.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Communist Youth League of China, also known as the Young Communist League of China or simply the Communist Youth League, is a youth movement of the People's Republic of China for youth between the ages of fourteen and twenty-eight, run by the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Compassionate release is a process by which inmates in criminal justice systems may be eligible for immediate early release on grounds of “particularly extraordinary or compelling circumstances which could not reasonably have been foreseen by the court at the time of sentencing”.
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a multilateral treaty by which states agree to ban all nuclear explosions in all environments, for military or civilian purposes.
A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of a market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households.
A counter-revolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a social-political movement that took place in the People's Republic of China from 1966 until 1976.
Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko, in both of those languages) was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
Dai Qing, born in August 1941, (Chinese: 戴晴, Pinyin: Dài Qíng) is a journalist and activist for China-related issues; most significantly against the Three Gorges Dam Project.
The Daily Times (DT) is an English-language Pakistani newspaper.
The December 9th Movement (short for the December 9th Movement to Resist Japan and Save the Nation was mass protest led by students in Beiping (present-day Beijing) on December 9, 1935 to demand that the Chinese government actively resist Japanese aggression.
Demographics of Libya include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the Libyan population.
A demonstration or street protest is action by a mass group or collection of groups of people in favor of a political or other cause; it normally consists of walking in a mass march formation and either beginning with or meeting at a designated endpoint, or rally, to hear speakers.
Deng Xiaoping (Simplified Chinese 邓小平, Traditional Chinese 鄧小平, pinyin dèng xiǎopíng,; 22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), transliterated as "Tong Shau-ping", was a Chinese revolutionary and statesman.
Professor Ding Zilin (丁子霖; born December 20, 1936 or January 1, 1939) is currently the leader of the political pressure group Tiananmen Mothers.
Du Xian (born 23 September 1954) is a Chinese news anchor and professor.
Duan Qirui (6 March 1865 – November 2, 1936) was a Chinese warlord and politician, commander in the Beiyang Army, and the Provisional Chief Executive of Republic of China (in Beijing) from 1924 to 1926 and the Premier from 1916 to 1918.
The Dui Hua Foundation (simplified Chinese: 中美对话基金会, traditional Chinese: 中美對話基金會, pinyin: zhōng měi duì huà jī jīn huì), or Dui Hua, is a San Francisco-based nonprofit humanitarian organization that seeks clemency and better treatment for at-risk detainees through the promotion of universally recognized human rights in a well-informed, mutually respectful dialogue with China.
East Germany, formally the German Democratic Republic or GDR (Deutsche Demokratische Republik, or DDR), was a state in the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Eastern Bloc was the name used by NATO-affiliated countries for the former communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
The Eight Great Eminent Officials, abbreviated as the Eight Elders, were a group of elderly members of the Communist Party of China who held substantial power during the 1980s and 1990s.
Epigram is a Singapore design and publishing company specialising in Singapore-based writers, poets and playwrights with a focus on Asiatic themes and an emphasis on design.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
Execution is a Chinese art painting by Beijing artist Yue Minjun.
The Executive Order 12711 was issued by American president George H. W. Bush on 11 April 1990.
Expanding bullets are projectiles designed to expand on impact, increasing in diameter to limit penetration and/or produce a larger diameter wound for faster incapacitation.
Falun Gong or Falun Dafa (literally, "Dharma Wheel Practice" or "Law Wheel Practice") is a Chinese spiritual practice that combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy centered on the tenets of Truthfulness, Compassion, and Forbearance.
Fang Lizhi (February 12, 1936 – April 6, 2012) was a Chinese astrophysicist, vice-president of the University of Science and Technology of China, and activist whose liberal ideas inspired the pro-democracy student movement of 1986–87 and, finally, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
The Far Eastern Economic Review (also referred to as FEER or The Review) was an English language Asian news magazine started in 1946.
Female infanticide is the deliberate killing of newborn female children.
Feng Congde (born 1966 in Szechuan) is a Chinese dissident.
Forbidden City is a novel based on the events of the Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989.
Foreign Affairs is an American journal of international relations and U.S. foreign policy.
Freedom of speech is the right to communicate one's opinions and ideas without fear of government retaliation or censorship.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the freedom of communication and expression through mediums including various electronic media and published materials.
Frontline is a public affairs television program that produces and broadcasts in-depth documentaries about various subjects.
Fuxingmen is the name of a gate that used to be a part of Beijing's old city wall.
The General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, often referred to as the General Office, is an office directly under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in charge of the routine administrative affairs of the Central Committee and its Politburo.
The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, officially General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, is the highest-ranking official within the Communist Party of China, a standing member of the Politburo and head of the Secretariat.
Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder (born 7 April 1944) is a German politician, and was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005.
The Goddess of Democracy, also known as the Goddess of Democracy and Freedom, the Spirit of Democracy, and the Goddess of Liberty (自由女神; zìyóu nǚshén), was a 10-meter-tall (33 ft) statue created during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
All power within the government of the People's Republic of China is divided among several bodies.
The Great Hall of the People is located at the western edge of Tiananmen Square, Beijing, People's Republic of China (PRC).
Guangming Daily is an Chinese-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China that was launched in 1949.
Happy Valley Racecourse (Chinese: 快活谷馬場 or 跑馬地馬場) is one of the two racecourses for horse racing and is a tourist attraction in Hong Kong.
Hebei (Postal map spelling: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
A hedge fund is an investment vehicle and a business structure that pools capital from a number of investors and invests in securities and other instruments.
Hefei, formerly known as Hofei, Luzhou, or Luchow, is the capital and largest city of Anhui Province in Eastern China.
The city of Beijing has a long and rich history that dates back over 3,000 years.
Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Hou Dejian (Cantonese: Hau Dak-gin), born October 1, 1956, is a songwriter, composer, and singer from Taiwan.
Hsinchu (also romanized as Xinzhu), officially known as Hsinchu City, is a city in northern Taiwan.
Hu Jintao (胡锦涛, pronounced; born 21 December 1942) was the paramount leader of China between 2002 and 2012.
Hu Qili (born October 1929 in Yulin, Shaanxi) is a politician of the People's Republic of China and a member of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Hu Yaobang (November 20, 1915 – April 15, 1989) was a high-ranking official of the People's Republic of China.
A hunger strike is a method of non-violent resistance or pressure in which participants fast as an act of political protest, or to provoke feelings of guilt in others, usually with the objective to achieve a specific goal, such as a policy change.
Hypnotize is the fifth album by Armenian American rock band System of a Down and the second half of the Mezmerize/Hypnotize double album.
"Hypnotize" is the lead single for Armenian American rock band System of a Down's album of the same name, which was released on November 22, 2005 (see 2005 in music).
"In the Cards" is the penultimate episode of the fifth season of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine.
Industrial music is a genre of experimental music that draws on transgressive and provocative themes.
Internet censorship in China is conducted under a wide variety of laws and administrative regulations.
"Iron rice bowl" is a Chinese term used to refer to an occupation with guaranteed job security, as well as steady income and benefits.
Jacques René Chirac (born 29 November 1932) is a French statesman, who served as the President of France from 1995 to 2007.
James Roderick Lilley; January 15, 1928 – November 12, 2009) was an American diplomat who served as United States Ambassador to China at the time of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. Born to American parents in China, he learned Mandarin at a young age before his family moved back to the United States at the outbreak of World War II. Lilley served in the United States Army before earning an undergraduate degree from Yale University and a masters in international relations from George Washington University. He then joined the Central Intelligence Agency, where he would work for nearly 30 years in a variety of Asian countries prior to becoming a diplomat. Before being appointed Ambassador to China in 1989, he was director of the American Institute in Taiwan, the unofficial American diplomatic mission in that country, and as Ambassador to South Korea. Following suppression of the Tiananmen Square protests, Lilley was critical of the Chinese crackdown and harbored a prominent dissident in the embassy, but worked to prevent long-term damage to relations between the United States and China. Following his retirement, he published a memoir and worked as a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute.
Jay Mathews (born April 5, 1945, in Long Beach, California) is an author, education columnist and blogger with the Washington Post.
Jiang Yanyong (born October 4, 1931) is a Chinese physician from Beijing who publicized a coverup of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) epidemic in China.
Jiang Zemin (born 17 August 1926) is a retired Chinese politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2004, and as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003.
Joan Baez (born January 9, 1941 as Joan Chandos Báez) is an American folk singer, songwriter, musician, and activist whose contemporary folk music often includes songs of protest or social justice.
José Manuel Durão Barroso (ʒuˈzɛ mɐˈnu̯ɛl duˈɾɐ̃u̯ bɐˈʁozu, born 23 March 1956) is a Portuguese right-wing politician who was the 11th President of the European Commission, serving from 2004 to 2014.
The "June 4th Museum" (六四紀念館) is the world's first memorial museum for the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 that happened in Beijing, China.
Kathryn "Kate" Adie, OBE DL (born 19 September 1945), is an English journalist.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
Kyra Phillips (born August 8, 1968) is an American news anchor and reporter, currently reporting primarily on HLN.
La Vanguardia (Spanish for "The Vanguard") is a Spanish daily newspaper, printed in Spanish and since 3 May 2011 in Catalan.
The political leadership of the People's Republic of China was in the hands of several offices.
Leonard Norman Cohen, (born 21 September 1934) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, musician, painter, poet, and novelist.
Li Lu (born April 6, 1966) is a Chinese-born American investment banker, investor and hedge fund manager.
Li Peng (born 20 October 1928) served as the fourth Premier of the People's Republic of China, between 1987 and 1998, and the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, China's top legislative body, from 1998 to 2003.
Li Xiannian (pronounced; 23 June 1909 – 21 June 1992) was President of the People's Republic of China between 1983 and 1988 and then Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference until his death.
Li Ximing (February 1926 – November 10, 2008) was the Communist Party boss in Beijing during the 1989 crackdown on pro-democracy protests in the capital and across the country.
The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in China (numbers may be approximate).
The List of modern political leaders of Tibet is a list of political leaders of Tibet within the People's Republic of China.
Liu Gang (born January 30, 1961) is a Chinese scientist who studies mathematical model, computer science, and theoretical physics.
Liu Huaqing (October 1916 – January 14, 2011) was the Commander of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy from 1982 through 1988, and is considered to been responsible for its modernization efforts.
Liu Xiaobo (born 28 December 1955) is a Chinese literary critic, writer, professor, and human rights activist who called for political reforms and the end of communist single-party rule.
Liza Fox is a Siberian-born American singer-songwriter best known for her American Idol appearance and her U.S. Billboard and U.K. Music Week charting singles "Gimme All (Ring My Bell)" and "Dynamite".
Lou Ye, born 1965, is a Chinese screenwriter-director who is commonly grouped with the "Sixth Generation" directors of Chinese cinema.
Luo Gan (born July 1935) is a retired Chinese politician.
Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tung and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he governed as Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
The March 18 Massacre was a massacre that took place on March 18, 1926 amid an anti-warlord and anti-imperialist demonstration in Beijing, Republic of China.
Maria Cordero, MH (肥媽瑪俐亞; Fat Mama Maria) is a singer, actress, TV Host and DJ from Macau.
Marillion are a British rock band, formed in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England, in 1979.
Marketization or Marketisation is a restructuring process that enables state enterprises to operate as market-oriented firms by changing the legal environment in which they operate.
Martial law is the imposition of the highest-ranking military officer as the military governor or as the head of the government, thus removing all power from the previous executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.
Martin Lee (born 8 June 1938), QC, SC, JP, is a Hong Kong political activist, lawyer and former legislator.
Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor, and film historian, whose career spans more than 45 years.
Mary Chapin Carpenter (born February 21, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter and musician.
Maryse Alberti (born March 10, 1954) is a French cinematographer who mainly works in the United States on independent fiction films and vérité, observational documentaries.
The May 1998 Riots of Indonesia (Kerusuhan Mei 1998) were incidents of mass violence of a racial nature that occurred throughout Indonesia, mainly in Medan in the province of North Sumatra (4–8 May), the capital city of Jakarta (12–15 May), and Surakarta (also called Solo) in the province of Central Java (13–15 May).
The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student demonstrations in Beijing on May 4, 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.
In the days following the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, many memorials and vigils were held around the world.
Michael David Apted, (born 10 February 1941) is an English director, producer, writer and actor.
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (a; born 2 March 1931) is a former Soviet statesman.
The People's Liberation Army uses a system of military regions, of which there used to be eleven, but are now seven.
The Ministry of Public Security (MPS) is the principal police and security authority of the People's Republic of China and the government agency that exercises oversight over and is ultimately responsible for day-to-day law enforcement.
The Ministry of State Security (MSS) is the intelligence agency and security agency of the People's Republic of China (non military area of interests), responsible for counter-intelligence, foreign intelligence and political security.
A Molotov cocktail (Polttopullo or Molotovin koktaili, Cóctel Molotóv, Molotowcocktail), also known as a petrol bomb, poor man's grenade, fire bomb (not to be confused with an actual fire bomb) or just Molotov, is a generic name used for a variety of bottle-based improvised incendiary weapons.
The Monument to the People's Heroes is a ten-story obelisk that was erected as a national monument of the People's Republic of China to the martyrs of revolutionary struggle during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Moving the Mountain is a 1994 feature documentary directed by Michael Apted and produced by Trudie Styler, with cinematography by Maryse Alberti and music by Liu Sola.
MSNBC is an American basic cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political opinion on current events.
Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi Details about Gaddafi's own involvement in the disambiguate spelling of his name in English.
Muxidi Station is a station on Line 1 of the Beijing Subway.
The Nanjing Anti-African protests were mass demonstrations and riots against African students in Nanjing, China, which lasted from December 1988, to the following January.
Nanjing University (NJU or NU,. Chinese abbr. 南大; pinyin: Nándà, Nanda), or Nanking University, is one of the oldest and most prestigious institutions of higher learning in China.
The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is a double-decked road-rail truss bridge across the Yangtze River between Pukou and Xiaguan in Nanjing, China.
Nanlishilu Station is a station on Line 1 of the Beijing Subway.
National Tsing Hua University (NTHU) was founded in Beijing.
Nepotism is favoritism granted to relatives.
Nevermore was an American progressive metal band from Seattle, Washington.
Nicholas Donabet Kristof (born April 27, 1959) is an American journalist, author, op-ed columnist, and a winner of two Pulitzer Prizes.
North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
As an act of protest, occupation is the entry into and holding of a building, space or symbolic site.
"One Country, Two Systems" is a constitutional principle formulated by Deng Xiaoping, the Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of China (PRC), for the reunification of China during the early 1980s.
Operation Yellowbird or Operation Siskin, was a Hong Kong-based operation to help the Chinese dissidents who participated in Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 to escape arrest by the PRC government by facilitating their departure overseas via Hong Kong.
In modern Chinese political science, the paramount leader, literally "the highest leader" of the Party and the State, is an informal term that is sometimes used to refer to the most prominent political leader in the People's Republic of China at a given point in time.
A pariah state (also called an international pariah or a global pariah) is a nation considered to be an outcast in the international community.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Peking University (abbreviated PKU and colloquially known by the Chinese as Běidà 北大; Chinese: 北京大学, pinyin: Běijīng Dàxué), is a major Chinese research university located in Beijing and a member of the C9 League.
The People Power Revolution (also known as the EDSA Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986) was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines that began in 1983 and culminated on February 22–25, 1986.
The People's Armed Police (Chinese: 人民武装警察, Abbreviation: PAP), officially Chinese People's Armed Police Force (officially abbreviated CAPF), is a Chinese law enforcement force primarily responsible for civilian policing and fire rescue duties in the People's Republic of China, as well as providing support to the PLA during wartime.
The People's Daily is a daily newspaper in China.
The People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of China under the leadership of the Communist Party (CPC).
During the 1989 student demonstrations in Beijing, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) played a decisive role in enforcing martial law, suppressing the demonstrations by force and upholding the authority of the Chinese Communist Party.
The Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China, usually known as the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), is a committee consisting of the top leadership of the Communist Party of China.
The Politics of Shanghai is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (the "Central People's Government" after 1954), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service.
The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission (the executive branch of the:European Union) and therefore the most powerful officeholder in the EU, (loosely) analogous to the role of a country's Prime-Minister / Head of Government (as opposed to the separate role of President of the European Council, who could be seen as the European Union's Head of State) – although, unlike a national head of government, the President of the Commission does not determine foreign policy, command troops or raise taxes.
The President of the People's Republic of China (PRC) is the head of state of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.
Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Premier Zhao Ziyang are the memoirs of the former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Zhao Ziyang, who was sacked after the Tiananmen Square protests in 1989.
A protest (also called a remonstrance, remonstration or demonstration) is an expression of bearing witness on behalf of an express cause by words or actions with regard to particular events, policies or situations.
Punk rock (or simply punk) is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
In history, religion, and political science, a purge is the removal of people who are considered undesirable by those in power from a government, from another organization, from their team owners, or from society as a whole.
Pyongyang (literally: "Flat Land" or "Peaceful Land", approved: P’yŏngyang; several variants) is the capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (commonly known as North Korea) and the largest city in the country.
Qian Liren (born August 1924) is a Chinese politician, diplomat, and translator.
Qiao Shi (December 1924 – 14 June 2015) was a Chinese politician and one of the top leaders of the Communist Party of China.
R.E.M. was an American rock band from Athens, Georgia, formed in 1980 by lead singer Michael Stipe, lead guitarist Peter Buck, bassist Mike Mills, and drummer Bill Berry.
Rancid is an American punk rock band formed in Berkeley, California, in 1991.
Rapid Fire is a 1992 American action film directed by Dwight H. Little, and starring Brandon Lee, Powers Boothe and Nick Mancuso.
A red herring is something that misleads or distracts from a relevant or important issue.
"Redemption" is the name of a two-part episode of the science fiction television series Star Trek: The Next Generation.
Refuse/Resist is Sepultura's third EP, released in 1994.
Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is a France-based international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.
In a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government, a reserve power is a power that may be exercised by the head of state without the approval of another branch of the government.
Revenge of the Green Dragons is a 2014 crime drama film directed by Andrew Lau and Andrew Loo, written by Michael Di Jiacomo and Andrew Loo, with Martin Scorsese worked as an executive producer.
The Revolutions of 1989 were part of a revolutionary wave that resulted in the Fall of Communism in the Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.
Richard Roth (born 1955) is an American journalist, a CNN correspondent who covers the United Nations.
Rob Gifford is a British radio correspondent and journalist.
Robin Munro is a British legal scholar, author, and human rights advocate.
George Roger Waters (born 6 September 1943) is an English musician, singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer.
Roman numerals, the numeric system used in ancient Rome, employs combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet to signify values.
Roman Tam, known by the stage name Lo Man (羅文), nickname Law Kee (蘿記), (12 February 1945 – 18 October 2002) was a renowned Hong Kong Cantopop singer.
Sally Yeh (born September 30, 1961), sometimes credited as Sally Yip or Yip Sin-Man, is a Taiwanese-Canadian Cantopop singer and actress.
Seasons in the Abyss is the fifth studio album by the thrash metal band Slayer.
The Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee is a body serving the Politburo of the Communist Party of China and its Standing Committee.
The separation of powers, often imprecisely used interchangeably with the trias politica principle, is a model for the governance of a state (or who controls the state).
Sepultura ("grave")Barcinski & Gomes 1999, page 17.
Shandong, is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University is a public research university located in Shanghai, China.
Shen Tong (Simplified Chinese: 沈彤; Hanyu Pinyin: Shěn Tóng) is a Chinese dissident who was one of the student leaders in the democracy movement at Tiananmen Square in 1989 One of the People of the Year by Newsweek 1989, Shen Tong became a media, software, social entrepreneur, and investor since the late 1990s.
"Shiny Happy People" is a song by the band R.E.M. The song appeared on their 1991 album Out of Time and was released as a single in the same year.
Sichuan (formerly Szechwan or Szechuan) is a province in southwest China.
The Sino-Soviet split (1960–1989) was the worsening of political and ideological relations between the neighboring states of People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during the Cold War.
A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change.
Skinny Puppy is a Canadian industrial music group, formed in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1982.
Slayer is an American thrash metal band from Huntington Park, California, formed in 1981 by guitarists Jeff Hanneman and Kerry King.
Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status in certain respects, often including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights, and equal access to social goods and services.
Speaking of Dreams is a 1989 album by Joan Baez that mixed personal compositions like the title song with political statements like "China", which was inspired by the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment franchise created by Gene Roddenberry and owned by CBS and Paramount Pictures.
Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (sometimes abbreviated to DS9) is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe.
Star Trek: The Next Generation (often abbreviated as TNG and ST:TNG) is an American science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry, that began in 1987, twenty-one years after the original ''Star Trek'' series debuted in 1966, and ran until 1994.
The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relation to local governments), is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China.
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honor people of national significance.
A state visit is a formal visit by a head of state to a foreign country, at the invitation of that country's head of state, with the latter also acting as the official host for the duration of the state visit.
A state-owned enterprise (SOE) otherwise known as a: state-owned company, state-owned entity, state enterprise, publicly owned corporation, government business enterprise, crown corporation, government-owned corporation, commercial government agency, public sector undertaking, or parastatal is a legal entity that undertakes commercial activities on behalf of an owner government.
Suharto (Javanese:;Kamus Pepak Basa Jawa, Sudaryanto/Pranowo, 2001, #1359 Gêdrìk: Suhartå; O-Javanese: Suharta;; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
Summer Palace, is a 2006 Chinese film and the fourth feature film by director Lou Ye.
Superstition is the 10th studio album by alternative rock band Siouxsie and the Banshees, released in 1991.
The swan song (in ancient Greek: κύκνειον ᾆσμα) is a metaphorical phrase for a final gesture, effort, or performance given just before death or retirement.
System of a Down, often shortened to SOAD or System, is a four-piece Armenian-American rock band formed in 1994 in Glendale, California.
Szeto Wah (28 February 1931 – 2 January 2011)NYtimes.com.
Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.
A man who stood in front of a column of tanks on June 5, 1989, the morning after the Chinese military had suppressed the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 by force, became known as the Tank Man or Unknown Protester.
"Tears of the Prophets" is the 26th and final episode of the sixth season of the American science fiction television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, the 150th episode overall.
Televisión Española (acronym TVE, on lowercase letters: tve, in English "Spanish Television") is the national state-owned public-service television broadcaster in Spain.
Testament is an American thrash metal band from Berkeley, California.
The Age of Miracles is the tenth studio album released by American music artist Mary Chapin Carpenter.
The Critical Moment – Li Peng Diaries is a book issued in 2010 in the United States by West Point Publishing House, a small publisher established by Zheng Cunzhu, a former 1989 pro-democracy activist.
The Cure are an English rock band formed in Crawley, West Sussex, in 1976.
The Future is the ninth studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen, released in 1992.
The Gate of Heavenly Peace is a 1995 documentary film, produced by Richard Gordon and Carma Hinton, about the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.
The Hooters are an American rock band from Philadelphia.
"The Internationale" (L'Internationale) is a widely-sung left-wing anthem.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
The Politics of Ecstasy is the second full length album by Thrash/Power Metal band Nevermore.
The Tiananmen Papers was first published in English in January 2001 by PublicAffairs.
"They Don't Care About Us" is the fourth single from Michael Jackson's album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I, released on March 31, 1996.
Thrash metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music characterized by its fast tempo and overall aggression.
The Tiananmen, or Gate of Heavenly Peace, is a famous monument in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China.
The Tiananmen Incident took place on April 5, 1976 at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
The Tiananmen Mothers is a group of Chinese democracy activists promoting a change in the government's position over the suppression of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Tiananmen Square is a large city square in the centre of Beijing, China, named after the Tiananmen gate (Gate of Heavenly Peace) located to its North, separating it from the Forbidden City.
Tianqiao District is one of six districts of Jinan, the capital of Shandong province, People's Republic of China, forming part of the city's urban core.
Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century is a compilation of the 20th century's 100 most influential people, published in Time magazine in 1999.
Tin Omen is a single by the band Skinny Puppy, taken from their 1989 album Rabies.
Thomas John "Tom" Brokaw (born February 6, 1940) is an American television journalist and author best known as the anchor and managing editor of NBC Nightly News from 1982 to 2004.
Charles Anthony "Tony" Thomas (born December 7, 1948) is an American television and film producer, who has produced the TV series The Practice (1976–1977), Nurses, Herman's Head, Soap, Blossom, Empty Nest, Benson, Beauty and the Beast, The Golden Girls, and It's a Living, as well as Dead Poets Society.
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
A trencher is a piece of construction equipment used to dig trenches, especially for laying pipes or cables, for installing drainage, or in preparation for trench warfare.
A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-1647-X. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with ISBN 0-7537-0970-8 or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.
Trudie Styler (born 6 January 1954) is an English actress and producer.
Tsim Sha Tsui, often abbreviated as TST, is an urban area in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Tsinghua University (abbreviated THU; Chinese: 清华大学, pinyin: Qīnghuá Dàxué) is a research university located in Beijing, China, and one of the nine members in the elite C9 League of universities.
The Type 59 (industrial designation: WZ-120) main battle tank is a Chinese-produced version of the Soviet T-54A tank, the earliest model of the ubiquitous T-54/55 series.
The United Front in the People's Republic of China is a popular front of the legally permitted parties in the country, led by the Communist Party of China.
The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (commonly known as the United Nations Convention against Torture) is an international human rights treaty, under the review of the United Nations, that aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
On May 7, 1999, during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (Operation Allied Force), five US JDAM guided bombs hit the People's Republic of China embassy in the Belgrade district of New Belgrade, killing three Chinese reporters and outraging the Chinese public.
The USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism comprises a School of Communication and a School of Journalism at the University of Southern California (USC).
Venture capital (VC) is money provided to seed, early-stage, emerging and emerging growth companies.
The Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China is a high-ranking executive assistant to the Premier.
The Vice President of the People's Republic of China, formerly translated as Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1954 to 1975, or abbreviated Guójiā Fùzhǔxí 国家副主席, literally State Vice-chairman) is a senior position in the government of the People's Republic of China.
Wall Street is a street running eight blocks, roughly northwest to southeast, from Broadway to South Street on the East River in the Financial District of lower Manhattan, New York City.
Wan Li (1 December 1916 – 15 July 2015) was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and politician.
Wang Dan (born February 26, 1969), a leader of the Chinese democracy movement, was one of the most visible of the student leaders in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Wang Youcai (born June 29, 1966), an active dissident of the Chinese Government, was one of the supporters of democracy in China and an important student leader in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Wang Zhen (April 11, 1908 – March 12, 1993) was a Chinese political figure and one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China.
The Hong Kong Mass Migration Wave was one of the waves of emigration of Hong Kong residents since the Second World War, accelerated by the Hong Kong 1967 Leftist Riots and extending into the 1980s and 1990s fuelled by Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
"We Didn't Start the Fire" is a song by Billy Joel.
Wen Jiabao (born 15 September 1942) was the sixth Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, serving as China's head of government for a decade.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
WikiLeaks is an international, non-profit, journalistic organisation, that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media from anonymous sources.
The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.
The World Economic Herald was a newspaper based in Shanghai, China.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.
A wreath is an assortment of flowers, leaves, fruits, twigs or various materials that is constructed to resemble a ring.
Wu Xueqian (December 19, 1921 – April 4, 2008) was a senior Chinese politician who served as the Foreign Minister and Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China.
Örkesh Dölet, or Uerkesh Davlet (Uyghur: ئۆركەش دۆلەت), commonly known as Wu'er Kaixi ("Orkesh", from the transliterated Chinese name), is a Chinese dissident known for his leading role during the Tiananmen protests of 1989.
The Wuhan Yangtze Great Bridge, commonly known as Wuhan First Yangtze Bridge, is a double-deck road and rail bridge across the Yangtze River in Wuhan, in Central China.
Wukesong, literally the "Five Pine Trees", is the name of the roadway interchange in Haidian District in western Beijing where Fuxing Lu, the western extension of Chang'an Avenue crosses the Fourth Ring Road.
Xi'an, formerly romanized as Sian, is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in the northwest of the People's Republic of China, in the center of the Guanzhong Plain.
Xidan (Chinese: 西单; Pinyin: Xīdān) is a major traditional commercial area in Beijing, China.
The Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) is the official press agency of the People's Republic of China.
Xinjiang (Shinjang), officially Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country.
Xinwen Lianbo (literally "News Simulcast") is a daily news programme produced by China Central Television (CCTV).
Xu Qinxian (born 1935) was the commander of the 38th Group Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army who refused to use force against demonstrators in Beijing during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests.
Xue Fei is a Chinese host and educator.
Yahoo News originated as a pure Internet-based news aggregator by Yahoo.
Yan Jiaqi (born December 25, 1942 in Jiangsu) is a Chinese political scientist and dissident.
Yan Mingfu (simplified Chinese: 阎明复; pinyin: Yán Míngfù; born 1931) is a retired politician who has served in a number of government positions in the People’s Republic of China.
Yang Shangkun (5 July 1907 – 14 September 1998) was President of the People's Republic of China from 1988 to 1993, and was a powerful Vice Chairman and Secretary-General of the Central Military Commission under Deng Xiaoping.
Yao Yilin (September 6, 1917 – December 11, 1994) was a deputy Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China from 1983 to 1988, and the country's First Vice Premier from 1988 to 1993.
Zhao Changqing (born April 1969) is a history teacher and political activist in the People’s Republic of China.
Zhao Ziyang (pronounced; 17 October 1919 – 17 January 2005) was a high-ranking politician in China.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
Qianmen is the colloquial name for Zhengyangmen (Manchu: Tob šuni duka, meaning "gate of the zenith Sun"), a gate in Beijing's historic city wall.
Zhongnanhai is an imperial garden in central Beijing, China adjacent to the Forbidden City; it serves as the central headquarters for the Communist Party of China and the State Council (Central government) of the People's Republic of China.
The Zhou Yongjun incident was a political controversy which involved the rendition of Zhou Yongjun (周勇军), a former student activist during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, by the Hong Kong authorities to the People's Republic of China.
Zhu Rongji (IPA:; born 1 October 1928 in Changsha, Hunan) is a prominent Chinese politician who served as the Mayor and Party chief in Shanghai between 1987 and 1991, before serving as Vice-Premier and then the fifth Premier of the People's Republic of China from March 1998 to March 2003.
The PLA Air Force 15th Airborne Corps, Guangzhou Military Region, comprises three airborne divisions (43rd, 44th, 45th airborne divisions).
The 1994 Hong Kong electoral reform was a set of significant constitutional changes in the last years of the British colonial rule in Hong Kong before the handover of its sovereignty to the People's Republic of China in July 1997.
The 2006 youth protests in France occurred throughout France during February, March, and April 2006 as a result of opposition to a measure set to deregulate labour.
The 20th anniversary of Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 (20周年六四遊行) was a series of rallies that took place in late May to early June 2009 to commemorate the 20th anniversary of 4 June Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, during which the Chinese government sent troops to suppress the pro-democracy movement.
The 20th Group Army is a military formation of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force, stationed in the Jinan Military Region.
The 27th Group Army is a military formation of China's People's Liberation Army and one of three active group armies belonging to the Beijing Military Region.
The 38th Group Army is a military formation of China's People's Liberation Army and one of three active group armies belonging to the Beijing Military Region.
The 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was a pivotal meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held in Beijing, China, from December 18 to December 22, 1978.
The 40th Group Army is a military formation of the People's Liberation Army.
"500 Miles" (also known as "500 Miles Away from Home" or "Railroaders' Lament") is a folk song made popular in the United States and Europe during the 1960s folk revival.
The 65th Group Army is a military formation of China's People's Liberation Army and one of three active group armies belonging to the Beijing Military Region.
The 8888 Nationwide Popular Pro-Democracy Protests; MLCTS: hrac le: lum: also known as the People Power UprisingYawnghwe (1995), pp.
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