131 relations: Alhambra Decree, AMIA bombing, Amidah, Anno Mundi, Av, Babylonia, Babylonian captivity, Bar Kokhba revolt, Beit Yosef (book), Berl Katznelson, Betar (fortress), Bobov (Hasidic dynasty), Book of Jeremiah, Book of Job, Book of Lamentations, Caleb, Canaan, Conservative Judaism, Crusades, David Lau, Dirge, Edict of Expulsion, Eleazar ben Killir, Eliezer Melamed, England, English language, Ezra, Fast of Gedalia, Fasting, Final Solution, Five Megillot, France, Francesco Hayez, Gaza Strip, Gedaliah, Golden calf, Gregorian calendar, Gush Katif, Halakha, Havdalah, Hayim David HaLevi, Hebrew language, Heinrich Himmler, Holocaust Memorial Days, Ismar Schorsch, Israel, Israeli disengagement from Gaza, Israelites, Jerusalem, Jewish diaspora, ..., Jewish Encyclopedia, Jewish holidays, Jewish messianism, Jewish prayer, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, Jews, Joseph ben Ephraim Karo, Joseph Breuer, Joshua, Judah Halevi, Judah the Prince, Judaism, Judea, Julian calendar, Kingdom of Judah, Kinnot, Labor Zionism, Maimonides, Menachem Begin, Mincha, Mishnah, Mishneh Torah, Missing years (Jewish calendar), Moses, Moses ben Jacob of Coucy, Mourning, Nebuchadnezzar II, Nehemiah, Orach Chayim, Parochet, Prayer, Promised Land, Rabbi, Reform Judaism, Religious Zionism, Rema, Rhineland, Rhineland massacres, Ritual washing in Judaism, Second Temple, Sefer Torah, Sephardi Jews, Seventeenth of Tammuz, Shabbat, Shehecheyanu, Shimon Schwab, Shiva (Judaism), Shlomo Goren, Shlomo Halberstam (third Bobover rebbe), Shulchan Aruch, Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC), Siege of Jerusalem (AD 70), Six-Day War, Solomon, Solomon's Temple, Spain, Synagogue, Ta'anit, Ta'anit (Talmud), Tallit, Talmud, Targum Press, Tefillin, Temple in Jerusalem, Ten Martyrs, Tenth of Tevet, The Holocaust, The Nine Days, The Three Weeks, The Twelve Spies, Torah, Torah ark, Treblinka extermination camp, Warsaw Ghetto, West Bank, World War I, Yitzhak Yosef, Yom Hazikaron, Yom Kippur, 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, 587 BC. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
The Alhambra Decree (also known as the Edict of Expulsion) was an edict issued on 31 March 1492, by the joint Catholic Monarchs of Spain (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon) ordering the expulsion of Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and its territories and possessions by 31 July, of that year.
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The AMIA bombing was an attack on the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA; Argentine Israelite Mutual Association) building.
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The Amidah (Hebrew: תפילת העמידה, Tefilat HaAmidah, "The Standing Prayer"), also called the Shmoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה, "The Eighteen," in reference to the original number of constituent blessings; there are now nineteen), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy.
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Anno Mundi (Latin for "in the year of the world"; Hebrew:, "from the creation of the world"), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history.
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Av (אָב, Standard Av Tiberian Aramaic אבא Abba; from Akkadian abu; "father") is the eleventh month of the civil year and the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar.
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Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking Semitic state and cultural region based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).
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The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Judahites of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.
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The Bar Kokhba revolt (מרד בר כוכבא or mered Bar Kokhba), was a rebellion of the Jews of Judea Province, led by Simon bar Kokhba, against the Roman Empire.
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Beit Yosef (בית יוסף) — also transliterated Beth Yosef — is a book by Rabbi Joseph Caro.
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Berl Katznelson (ברל כצנלסון, 25 January 1887 – died 12 August 1944) was one of the intellectual founders of Labor Zionism, instrumental to the establishment of the modern state of Israel, and the editor of Davar, the first daily newspaper of the workers' movement.
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Betar fortress was an ancient, terraced farming village in the Judean highlands.
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Bobov, (or Bobover Hasidism) (חסידות באבוב) is an Hasidic community within Haredi Judaism originating in Bobowa, Galicia in Southern Poland and now headquartered in the neighborhood of Borough Park in Brooklyn, New York.
The Book of Jeremiah (ספר יִרְמְיָהוּ; abbreviated Jer. or Jerem. in citations) is the second of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible, and the second of the Prophets in the Christian Old Testament.
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The Book of Job (Hebrew: אִיוֹב Iyov) is one of the Writings (Ketuvim) of the Hebrew Bible, and the first poetic book in the Christian Old Testament.
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The Book of Lamentations (אֵיכָה, Eikhah) is a collection of poetic laments for the destruction of Jerusalem.
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Caleb, sometimes transliterated Kaleb (Kalev; Tiberian vocalization:; Hebrew Academy) is a figure who appears in the Hebrew Bible as a representative of the Tribe of Judah during the Israelites' journey to the Promised Land.
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Canaan (Northwest Semitic:; Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍; Biblical Hebrew: כנען /; Masoretic: כְּנָעַן /) was, during the late 2nd millennium BC, a region in the Ancient Near East.
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Conservative Judaism is a modern stream of the Reform movement in Judaism, which views Religious Law (Halakha) as binding, yet also regards it as subject to historical development.
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The Crusades were military campaigns sanctioned by the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages.
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David Baruch Lau (דוד לאו; born 13 January 1966) is the Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel achieving a majority of the vote on July 24, 2013.
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A dirge is a somber song or lament expressing mourning or grief, such as would be appropriate for performance at a funeral.
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In 1290, King Edward I issued an edict expelling all Jews from England.
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Eleazar ben Killir, also known as Eleazar Kalir, Eleazar Qalir or El'azar HaKalir (c. 570 – c. 640) was a Hebrew poet whose classical liturgical verses, known as piyut, have continued to be sung through the centuries during significant religious services, including those on Tisha B'Av and on the sabbath after a wedding.
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Eliezer Melamed (אליעזר מלמד, born 28 June 1961) is an Israeli rabbi and the Rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Har Bracha, rabbi of the community Har Bracha, and author of the book series Peninei Halachah.
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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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Ezra (עזרא,; fl. 480–440 BC), also called Ezra the Scribe (עזרא הסופר) and Ezra the Priest in the Book of Ezra, was a Jewish scribe and a priest.
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The Fast of Gedalia (or; צוֹם גְּדַלְיָּה Tzom Gedalya), also spelled Gedaliah, is a Jewish fast day from dawn until dusk to lament the assassination of the righteous governor of Judah of that name, whose murder ended Jewish autonomy following the destruction of the First Temple.
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Fasting is primarily an act of willing abstinence or reduction from certain or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.
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The Final Solution ((die) Endlösung) or Final Solution to the Jewish Question (die Endlösung der Judenfrage) was Nazi Germany's plan during World War II to systematically exterminate the Jewish population in Nazi-occupied Europe through genocide.
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The Five Scrolls or The Five Megillot (חמש מגילות, Hamesh Megillot or Chomeish Megillos) are parts of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third major section of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible).
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Francesco Hayez (10 February 1791 – 21 December 1882) was an Italian painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits.
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The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) ISBN 0-19-861263-X - p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...".), or simply Gaza, is a pene-exclave region of Palestine on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.
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According to the Hebrew Bible, Gedaliah (or; גְּדַלְיָּה G'dalyyâh or G'dalyyâhû, meaning Jah has become great) was appointed by Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon as governor of Yehud province, which was formed after the defeat of the Kingdom of Judah and the destruction of Jerusalem, in a part of the territory that previously formed the kingdom.
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According to the Bible, the golden calf (עֵגֶּל הַזָהָב ‘ēggel hazâhâv) was an idol (a cult image) made by the Israelites during Moses' absence, when he went up to Mount Sinai.
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The Gregorian calendar, also called the Western calendar and the Christian calendar, is internationally the most widely used civil calendar.
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Gush Katif (גוש קטיף, lit. Harvest Bloc) was a bloc of 21 Israeli settlements in the southern Gaza strip.
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Halakha (הֲלָכָה,; also transliterated as halacha, halachah or halocho) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral Torah.
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Havdalah (Hebrew: הַבְדָּלָה, "separation") is a Jewish religious ceremony that marks the symbolic end of Shabbat and Jewish holidays, and ushers in the new week.
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Rabbi Hayim David HaLevi (24 January 1924 – 10 March 1998), also written Haim David ha-Levi, etc.
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Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.
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Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany.
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Holocaust Memorial Day or Holocaust Remembrance Day may refer to a number of world-wide commemorations of the Holocaust taking place during World War II.
Ismar Schorsch (born November 3, 1935 in Hanover) is the son of Hanover Rabbi Emil Schorsch.
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Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.
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The Israeli disengagement from Gaza (תָּכְנִית הַהִתְנַתְּקוּת,; in the Disengagement Plan Implementation Law), also known as "Gaza expulsion" and "Hitnatkut", was the withdrawal of the Israeli army from Gaza, and the dismantling of all Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip in 2005.
The Israelites were a Semitic people of the Ancient Near East, who inhabited part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods (15th to 6th centuries BCE), and lived in the region in smaller numbers after the fall of the monarchy.
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Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world.
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The Jewish diaspora (Hebrew: Tfoot'za, תפוצה) or Exile (Hebrew: Galut, גלות; Yiddish: Golus) refers to the dispersion of Israelites, Judahites, and later Jews out of what is considered their ancestral homeland (the Land of Israel) and the communities built by them across the world.
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The Jewish Encyclopedia is an English encyclopedia containing over 15,000 articles on the history, culture, and state of Judaism and the Jews up to the early 20th century.
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Jewish holidays, also known as Jewish festivals or Yamim Tovim ("Good Days", or singular Yom Tov, in transliterated Hebrew), are holidays observed by JewsThis article focuses on practices of mainstream Rabbinic Judaism.
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Messiah (מָשִׁיחַ; mashiach, mashiah, moshiah, or moshiach, "anointed ") is a term used in the Hebrew Bible to describe priests and kings, who were traditionally anointed with holy anointing oil as described in.
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Jewish prayer (תְּפִלָּה, tefillah; plural תְּפִלּוֹת, tefillos or tefillot; Yiddish תּפֿלה tfile, plural תּפֿלות tfilles; Yinglish: davening from Yiddish דאַוונען daven ‘to pray’) are the prayer recitations and Jewish meditation traditions that form part of the observance of Rabbinic Judaism.
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The Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTS or JTSA) is located in New York.
The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
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Joseph ben Ephraim Karo, also spelled Yosef Caro, or Qaro (1488 – March 24, 1575), was author of the last great codification of Jewish law, the Shulchan Aruch, which is still authoritative for all Jews pertaining to their respective communities.
Joseph Breuer (1882–1980) was a rabbi and community leader in Germany and the United States.
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Joshua or Jehoshua (יְהוֹשֻׁעַ Yĕhôshúa or יֵשׁוּעַ Yĕshúa; ܝܫܘܥ Isho; Ἰησοῦς, يوشع بن نون, Iosue, Yūshaʿ ibn Nūn, Yuşa), is a figure in the Torah, being one of the spies for Israel (Num 13–14) and identified in several passages as Moses' assistant.
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Judah Halevi (also Yehuda Halevi or ha-Levi; Hebrew: יהודה הלוי; Arabic: يهوذا اللاوي; 1075 – 1141) was a Spanish Jewish physician, poet and philosopher.
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Judah the Prince (יהודה הנשיא, Yehudah HaNasi) or Judah I, also known as Rabbi or Rabbenu HaQadosh (רבנו הקדוש, "our Master, the holy one"), was a 2nd-century CE rabbi and chief redactor and editor of the Mishnah.
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Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.
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Judea or Judæa (from יהודה, Standard Yəhuda Tiberian, Ἰουδαία, Ioudaía; IVDÆA, يهودية, Yahudia) is the biblical, Roman, and modern name of the mountainous southern part of Palestine.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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The Kingdom of Judah (מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה, Mamlekhet Yehuda) was a state established in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age.
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Kinnot (קינות; also kinnos, kinoth, qinot, qinoth; singular kinah or qinah) are dirges (sad poems) or elegies traditionally recited by Jews on Tisha B'Av to mourn the destruction of both the First and Second Temple in Jerusalem and other tragedies in Jewish history, including the Crusades and the Holocaust.
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Labor Zionism or Socialist Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת סוֹצְיָאלִיסְטִית, translit. tsionut sotsialistit) can be described as the major stream of the left wing of the Zionist movement.
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Moshe ben Maimon (משה בן-מימון), or Mūsā ibn Maymūn (موسى بن ميمون), acronymed Rambam (רמב"ם – for "Rabbeinu Moshe Ben Maimon", "Our Rabbi/Teacher Moses Son of Maimon"), and Latinized Moses Maimonides, a preeminent medieval Sephardic Jewish philosopher and astronomer, became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars and physicians of the Middle Ages.
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Menachem Begin (Menakhem Vol'fovich Begin; 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of the State of Israel.
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Mincha (מִנחַה, pronounced as; sometimes spelled Minchah or Minha) is the afternoon prayer service in Judaism.
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The Mishnah or Mishna (מִשְׁנָה, "study by repetition"), from the verb shanah שנה, or "to study and review", also "secondary," is the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions known as the "Oral Torah".
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The Mishneh Torah (מִשְׁנֵה תּוֹרָה, "Repetition of the Torah"), subtitled Sefer Yad HaHazaka (ספר יד החזקה "Book of the Strong Hand"), is a code of Jewish religious law (Halakha) authored by Maimonides (Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, also known as RaMBaM or "Rambam"), one of history's foremost rabbis.
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The missing years in the Hebrew calendar refer to a chronological discrepancy between Talmudic chronologists for the destruction of the First Temple in 423 BCE (3338 AM) and the modern secular dating for it in 587 BCE.
Moses (מֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Moushe; موسى; Mωϋσῆς in both the Septuagint and the New Testament) is a prophet in Abrahamic religions.
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Moses ben Jacob of Coucy, also known as Moses Mikkotsi (משה בן יעקב מקוצי; Moses Kotsensis), was a French Tosafist and authority on Halakha (Jewish law).
Mourning is, in the simplest sense, synonymous with grief over the death of someone.
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Nebuchadnezzar II (ܢܵܒܘܼ ܟܘܼܕܘܼܪܝܼ ܐܘܼܨܘܼܪ; נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר; Ancient Greek: Ναβουχοδονόσωρ; Arabic: نِبُوخَذنِصَّر; c. 634 – 562 BC) was a Chaldean king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, who reigned c. 605 BC – 562 BC.
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Nehemiah (or;, "Jehovah comforts", long version of the name "Nahum" which also means comforter; Standard Hebrew Nəḥemya, Tiberian Hebrew Nəḥemyāh) is the central figure of the Book of Nehemiah, which describes his work in rebuilding Jerusalem during the Second Temple period.
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Orach Chayim (אורח חיים) "manner of life" is a section of Rabbi Jacob ben Asher's compilation of Halakha (Jewish law), Arba'ah Turim.
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The parochet (Hebrew: פרוכת) (also paroches; from the Aramaic parokta meaning "curtain" or "screen" Sonne Isaiah (1962) 'Synagogue' in The Interpreter's dictionary of the Bible vol 4, New York: Abingdon Press pp 476-491) is the curtain that covers the Aron Kodesh (Torah Ark) containing the Sifrei Torah (Torah scrolls) in a synagogue.
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Prayer (from the Latin precari "to ask earnestly, beg, entreat") is an invocation or act that seeks to activate a rapport with an object of worship through deliberate communication.
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The Promised Land (הארץ המובטחת, translit.: Ha'Aretz HaMuvtahat; أرض الميعاد, translit.: Ard Al-Mi'ad) is the land promised or given by God, according to the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), to the descendants of Abraham.
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In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.
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The term Reform Judaism is today used for a confessional division within Judaism, especially in North America and the United Kingdom.
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Religious Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת דָּתִית, translit. Tziyonut Datit, or, translit. Dati Leumi "National Religious", or, translit. Kippah seruga - lit. "knitted skullcap") is an ideology that combines Zionism and observant Judaism.
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Rema may refer to.
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The Rhineland (Rheinland) has become the name for several areas of Western Germany along the Middle and Lower Rhine.
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The call for the First Crusade touched off the Rhineland massacres also known as the German Crusade of 1096, the persecutions of 1096 or Gezeroth Tatenu Gezeroth Tatenu גזרות תתנ"ו - Hebrew for the edicts of 856, which occurred during the year of 4856 according to the Jewish calendar.
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In Judaism, ritual washing, or ablution, takes two main forms.
The Second Temple was an important Jewish Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי, Bet HaMikdash HaSheni; بيت القدس: Beit al-Quds) which stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Second Temple period, between 516 BCE and 70 CE.
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A Sefer Torah (ספר תורה; plural: ספרי תורה Sifrei Torah; "Book(s) of Torah" or "Torah scroll(s)") is a handwritten copy of the Torah, the holiest book within Judaism.
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Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּי, Modern Hebrew: Sfaraddi, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddî, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula around the start of the 2nd millennium (i.e., about the year 1000).
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The Seventeenth of Tammuz (שבעה עשר בתמוז, Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz) is a Jewish fast day commemorating the breach of the walls of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Second Temple.
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Shabbat (שַׁבָּת, "rest" or "cessation") or Shabbos (r) (English: Sabbath) is Judaism's day of rest and seventh day of the week, on which religious Jews remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth in six days and the Exodus of the Hebrews, and look forward to a future Messianic Age.
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The Shehecheyanu blessing (שהחינו, "Who has given us life") is a common Jewish prayer said to celebrate special occasions.
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Shimon (Simon) Schwab (December 30, 1908 – February 13, 1995) was an Orthodox rabbi and communal leader in Germany and the United States.
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Shiva (שבעה, literally "seven") is the week-long mourning period in Judaism for first-degree relatives: father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, and spouse.
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Shlomo Goren (Hebrew: שלמה גורן) (February 3, 1917 – October 29, 1994), was an Orthodox Religious Zionist rabbi in Israel, a Talmudic scholar and foremost authority on Jewish law.
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Shlomo Halberstam (1907 - August 2, 2000) (ר' שלמה הלברשטאם), was the third Rebbe of Bobov who re-established the Hasidic dynasty in the United States after World War II.
The Shulchan Aruch (שֻׁלְחָן עָרוּך, literally: "Set Table") also known by various Jewish communities but not all as "the Code of Jewish Law." There are various legal codes in Judaism but the Shulchan Aruch is the most widely consulted.
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In 589 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II laid siege to Jerusalem, culminating in the destruction of the city and its temple in the summer of 587 BC.
The Siege of Jerusalem in AD 70 was the decisive event of the First Jewish–Roman War.
The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب ۱۹٦۷, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between June 5 and 10, 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
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Solomon (ISO 259-3 Šlomo; ܫܠܝܡܘܢ Shlemun; سُليمان, also colloquially: or; Σολομών Solomōn), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew), was, according to the Bible (Book of Kings: 1 Kings 1–11; Book of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles 28–29, 2 Chronicles 1–9), Qur'an, and Hidden Words a king of Israel and the son of David.
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According to the Bible, Solomon's Temple, also known as the First Temple, was the Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ: Bet HaMikdash) in ancient Jerusalem, on the Temple Mount (also known as Mount Zion), before its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II after the Siege of Jerusalem of 587 BCE.
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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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A synagogue, also spelled synagog (from Greek συναγωγή, transliterated synagogē, meaning "assembly"; בית כנסת beth knesset, meaning "house of assembly"; בית תפילה beth t'fila, meaning "house of prayer"; שול shul; אסנוגה esnoga; קהל kahal), is a Jewish house of prayer.
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A ta'anit or taanis (in Ashkenaz pronunciation) or taʿanith in Classical Hebrew is a fast in Judaism in which one abstains from all food and drink, including water.
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Ta'anit or Taanis is a volume (or "tractate") of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmuds.
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A tallit (טָלֵית) (talit in Modern Hebrew) (tālēt in Sephardic Hebrew and Ladino) (tallis, in Ashkenazic Hebrew and Yiddish) pl.
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The Talmud (Hebrew: talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root lmd "teach, study") is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism.
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Targum Press is an Orthodox Jewish English-language publishing company based in Jerusalem.
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Tefillin (Askhenazic:; Israeli Hebrew:, תפילין) also called phylacteries (from Ancient Greek φυλακτήριον phylacterion, form of phylássein, φυλάσσειν meaning "to guard, protect") are a set of small black leather boxes containing scrolls of parchment inscribed with verses from the Torah, which are worn by observant Jews during weekday morning prayers.
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The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ, Modern:, Tiberian:, Ashkenazi: Beis HaMikdosh; بيت القدس: Beit al-Quds or بيت المقدس: Beit al-Maqdis; Ge'ez: ቤተ መቅደስ: Betä Mäqdäs) was one of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, the current site of the Dome of the Rock.
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The Ten Martyrs (Aseret Harugei Malchut עשרת הרוגי מלכות) were ten rabbis living during the era of the Mishnah who were martyred by the Romans in the period after the destruction of the second Temple.
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Tenth of Tevet (עשרה בטבת, Asarah BeTevet), the tenth day of the Hebrew month of Tevet, is a fast day in Judaism.
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The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁλόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as the Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, "the catastrophe"), was a genocide in which approximately six million Jews were killed by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime and its collaborators.
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The Nine Days is a religious observance in Judaism that takes place during the first nine days of the Jewish month of Av (corresponding to July/August).
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The Three Weeks or Bein ha-Metzarim (Hebrew: בין המצרים, "Between the Straits") (cf "dire straits") is a period of mourning commemorating the destruction of the first and second Jewish Temples.
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The Twelve Spies (Hebrew: שנים עשר המרגלים), as recorded in the Book of Numbers, were a group of Israelite chieftains, one from each of the Twelve Tribes, who were dispatched by Moses to scout out the Land of Canaan for 40 days as a future home for the Israelite people, during the time when the Israelites were in the wilderness following their Exodus from Ancient Egypt.
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Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction, Teaching"), or the Pentateuch, is the central reference of the religious Judaic tradition.
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The Torah ark or ark in a synagogue (Jewish house of worship) is known in Hebrew as the Aron Kodesh by the Ashkenazim and as the Hekhál amongst most Sefardim.
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Treblinka was an extermination camp, built by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
The Warsaw Ghetto (Warschauer Ghetto, called by the German authorities: „Jüdischer Wohnbezirk in Warschau“ (Jewish residential district in Warsaw); getto warszawskie) was the largest of all the Jewish ghettos in Nazi-occupied Europe during World War II.
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The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit or Cisjordan is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, forming the bulk of the Palestinian territories. The West Bank shares boundaries (demarcated by the Jordanian-Israeli armistice of 1949) to the west, north, and south with the state of Israel, and to the east, across the Jordan River, with Jordan. The West Bank also contains a significant coastline along the western bank of the Dead Sea. The West Bank, including East Jerusalem, has a land area of 5,640 km2 plus a water area of 220 km2, consisting of the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea. It has an estimated population of 2,676,740 (July 2013). More than 80%, about 2,100,000, are Palestinian Arabs, and approximately 500,000 are Jewish Israelis living in the West Bank, including about 192,000 in East Jerusalem, in Israeli settlements. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this. The International Court of Justice advisory ruling (2004) concluded that events that came after the 1967 occupation of the West Bank by Israel, including the Jerusalem Law, Israel's peace treaty with Jordan and the Oslo Accords, did not change the status of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) as occupied territory with Israel as the occupying power.
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World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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Yitzhak Yosef (יצחק יוסף), born January 16, 1952, is the Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel, also known as the Rishon LeZion, the rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Hazon Ovadia, and the author of a popular set of books on Jewish law called Yalkut Yosef.
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Yom Hazikaron (in full Yom Hazikaron l'Chalalei Ma'arachot Yisrael ul'Nifgaei Peulot Ha'eivah יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה; lit. "Day of Remembrance for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism") is Israel's official Memorial Day, enacted into law in 1963.
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Yom Kippur (יוֹם כִּפּוּר,, or), also known as Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year in Judaism.
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The 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, also known as Operation Protective Edge (מִבְצָע צוּק אֵיתָן, Miv'tza Tzuk Eitan, lit. "Operation Strong Cliff") was a military operation launched by Israel on 8 July 2014 in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.
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9 Av, 9th Av, 9th of Ab, 9th of Av, Five calamities of the Ninth of Ab, Ninth Day of Av, Ninth Of Ab, Ninth Of Av, Ninth of Ab, Ninth of Av, The Ninth of Av, Tish'a B'Av, Tish'a Ba'av, Tish'a b'av, Tisha B'av, Tisha Be-Av, Tisha BeAv, Tisha b'Av, Tisha b'av, Tisha bav, Tisha beav, Tisha b’Av, Tishabov, Tishad Beav, Tishah B'Ab, Tishah B'Av, Tishah B'av, Tishah B’Av, Tishah bav, Tishah be-Av, Tishah beav.