82 relations: Academia Sinica, Accademia dei Lincei, Albert Einstein Award, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Philosophical Society, Ancestral home (Chinese), Brookhaven National Laboratory, Chemical industry, Chen-Ning Yang, Chien-Shiung Wu, China, China–United States relations, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Americans in New York City, Chinese people, Columbia University, CP violation, CUSPEA, Emeritus, Enrico Fermi, Fertilizer, Fudan University, Gwoyeu Romatzyh, Institute for Advanced Study, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Kaon, Kinoshita-Lee-Nauenberg theorem, Kunming, Lanzhou University, Lee–Yang theorem, Li (surname 李), List of minor planets/3001–4000, List of Nobel laureates, Malala Yousafzai, Matteucci Medal, Merchant, National Academy of Sciences, National Southwestern Associated University, National Tsing Hua University, Nobel Prize in Physics, Non-topological soliton, Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Order of the Rising Sun, Oskar Klein Memorial Lecture, Parity (physics), Peking University, Physicist, Physics, ..., Pontifical Academy of Sciences, Professor, Republic of China (1912–49), Robert C. T. Lee, Second Sino-Japanese War, Secondary school, Shanghai, Shu Xingbei, Soochow University, Stephen Lee (chemist), Suzhou, Ta-You Wu, Taiwan, TWAS, United States, United States Atomic Energy Commission, United States Department of Energy, United States nationality law, University of California, Berkeley, University of Chicago, University of Nanking, Wade–Giles, Wang Ganchang, Weak interaction, Werner Heisenberg, White Terror (Taiwan), Whodunit, William Henry Bragg, William Lawrence Bragg, World War II, Zhejiang Institute of Modern Physics, Zhejiang University. Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
Academia Sinica (literally "Central Research Academy"; "Chinese Academy" in Latin), headquartered in the Nangang District of Taipei, is the national academy of Taiwan.
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The Accademia dei Lincei (literally the "Academy of the Lynx-Eyed", but anglicised as the Lincean Academy) is an Italian science academy, located at the Palazzo Corsini on the Via della Lungara in Rome, Italy.
The Albert Einstein Award (sometimes mistakenly called the Albert Einstein Medal because it was accompanied with a gold medal) was an award in theoretical physics that was established to recognize high achievement in the natural sciences.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, frequently known as the American Academy, is one of the oldest and most prestigious honorary societies and a leading center for policy research in the United States.
The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation, that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
In Chinese culture, hometown or ancestral home is the place of origin of one's extended family.
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a United States national laboratory located in Upton, New York, on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base.
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
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Chen-Ning Franklin Yang (born October 1, 1922), also known as Yang Jhenning, is a Chinese-born American physicist who works on statistical mechanics and particle physics.
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Chien-Shiung Wu (May 31, 1912 – February 16, 1997) was a Chinese American experimental physicist who made significant contributions in the field of nuclear physics.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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China–United States relations, more often known as Chinese-US relations or Sino-American relations, refer to international relations between the United States of America and the People's Republic of China.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), with roots in the Academia Sinica of the Republic of China, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China.
The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, constituting the largest metropolitan Asian American group in the United States and the largest Asian-national metropolitan diaspora in the Western Hemisphere, enumerating an estimated 819,527 uniracial individuals as of 2014 – including at least 12 Chinatowns – six (or nine, including the emerging Chinatowns in Corona and Whitestone, Queens, and East Harlem, Manhattan) in New York City proper, and one each in Nassau County, Long Island; Edison, New Jersey; and Parsippany-Troy Hills, New Jersey, not to mention fledgling ethnic Chinese enclaves emerging throughout the New York City metropolitan region, with this community rising rapidly in population and overall political influence.
Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China, either by reason of ancestry or heredity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.
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Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
In particle physics, CP violation (CP standing for charge parity) is a violation of the postulated CP-symmetry (or charge conjugation parity symmetry): the combination of C-symmetry (charge conjugation symmetry) and P-symmetry (parity symmetry).
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CUSPEA (China-U.S. Physics Examination and Application) was an examination and admission system used by the physics departments of some American and Canadian universities for graduate school admission from People's Republic of China between 1979 and 1989.
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Emeritus (feminine emerita or emeritus; plural emeriti (masc.) or emeritae (fem.); abbreviation emer.)" (Latin ēx, "out of", and meritus, "merit"), in its current usage, is a postpositive adjective used to designate a retired professor, pastor, bishop, Pope, president, prime minister, or other professional.
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Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian physicist, who is credited with the creation of the first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1.
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A fertilizer (or fertiliser in British English) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues (usually leaves) to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
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Fudan University, located in Shanghai, China, is one of the most prestigious and selective universities in China and Asia, and is a member in the C9 League and Universitas 21.
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Gwoyeu Romatzyh (pinyin: Guóyǔ luómǎzì, literally "National Language Romanization"), abbreviated GR, is a system for writing Mandarin Chinese in the Latin alphabet.
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The Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States, is an independent postdoctoral research center for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry.
Jiangsu, earlier romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China, with its capital in Nanjing.
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Jiangxi (Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country.
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In particle physics, a kaon, also called a K meson and denoted,The positively charged kaon used to be called τ+ and θ+, as it was supposed to be two different particles until the 1960s.
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The Kinoshita–Lee–Nauenberg theorem or KLN theorem states that perturbatively the standard model as a whole is infrared (IR) finite.
Kunming (Mand. pronunciation) is the capital and largest city in Yunnan Province, Southwest China.
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Lanzhou University is a major research university in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China.
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In statistical mechanics, the Lee–Yang theorem states that if partition functions of certain models in statistical field theory with ferromagnetic interactions are considered as functions of an external field, then all zeros are purely imaginary (or on the unit circle after a change of variable).
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Li is the second most common surname in China, behind only Wang.
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The Nobel Prizes (Nobelpriset, Nobelprisen) are prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institute, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.
Malala Yousafzai S.St (Malālah Yūsafzay, ملاله یوسفزۍ; born 12 July 1997) is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate.
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The Matteucci Medal is an Italian award for physicists, named after Carlo Matteucci.
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A merchant is a businessperson who trades in commodities produced by others, in order to earn a profit.
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The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a private non-profit organization in the United States.
When the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out between China and Japan in 1937, Peking University, Tsinghua University and Nankai University, merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha, and later National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming.
National Tsing Hua University (NTHU) was founded in Beijing.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
In quantum field theory, a non-topological soliton (NTS) is a field configuration possessing, contrary to a topological one, a conserved Noether charge and stable against transformation into usual particles of this field for the following reason.
The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is a component of the Office of Science within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951.
The is a Japanese order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan.
The Oskar Klein Memorial Lecture at Stockholm University, dedicated to the memory of the Swedish physicist Oskar Klein (1894-1977), is held annually since 1988 by a prominent physicist, who also receives the Oskar Klein Medal.
In quantum physics, a parity transformation (also called parity inversion) is the flip in the sign of one spatial coordinate.
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Peking University (abbreviated PKU and colloquially known by the Chinese as Běidà 北大; Chinese: 北京大学, pinyin: Běijīng Dàxué), is a major Chinese research university located in Beijing and a member of the C9 League.
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A physicist is a scientist who specializes in physics research.
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Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phúsis "nature") is the natural science that involves the study of matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along with chemistry, certain branches of mathematics, and biology, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research programs in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences while opening new avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy. Physics also makes significant contributions through advances in new technologies that arise from theoretical breakthroughs. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism or nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization, and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
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The Pontifical Academy of Sciences ('Pontificia accademia delle scienze', 'Pontificia Academia Scientiarum') is a scientific academy of the Vatican, established in 1936 by Pope Pius XI.
A professor, informally often known as full professor, is the highest academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.
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The Republic of China governed the present-day territories of China, Mongolia and Taiwan at differing times between 1912 and 1949.
Robert C. T. Lee (born November 2, 1923), is a Chinese-born American veterinarian.
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The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945), so named due to the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95, was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1945.
A secondary school is a school which provides secondary education, between the ages of 11 and 16 or 11 and 19, after primary school and before higher education.
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Shanghai is the largest Chinese city by population, p. 395.
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Shu Xingbei (aka Hsin Pei Soh, Hsin-Pei Soh, or Hsin P. Soh) (October 1, 1905 - October 30, 1983), was an educator and leading physicist in China.
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The original Soochow University was established in 1900 in Suzhou, Jiangsu in Qing dynasty China.
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Stephen Lee is an American chemist.
Suzhou (Mandarin:; Suzhou Wu), formerly romanized as Soochow, is a major city located in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China, about northwest of Shanghai.
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Wu Ta-You (27 September 1907 - 4 March 2000) was a Chinese-born atomic and nuclear theoretical physicist (1907–2000) who worked in the United States, Canada, mainland China, and Taiwan.
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Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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TWAS, The World Academy of Sciences, until 2004 named Third World Academy of Sciences and TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world before September 2012, is a merit-based science academy uniting 1,000 scientists in some 70 countries.
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was an agency of the United States government established after World War II by Congress to foster and control the peacetime development of atomic science and technology.
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.
Article I, section 8, clause 4 of the United States Constitution expressly gives the United States Congress the power to establish a uniform rule of naturalization.
The University of California, Berkeley (also referred to as Berkeley, UC Berkeley, California or simply Cal) is a public research university located in Berkeley, California.
The University of Chicago (U of C, Chicago, or UChicago) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Nanking, known in Chinese as Jinling University (金陵大学, Jinling being another name for Nanking) was a private university in Nanking, China.
Wade–Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a romanization system for Mandarin Chinese.
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Wang Ganchang (May 28, 1907 – December 10, 1998) was a nuclear physicist from China.
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In particle physics, the weak interaction is the mechanism responsible for the weak force or weak nuclear force, one of the four known fundamental interactions of nature, alongside the strong interaction, electromagnetism, and gravitation.
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Werner Karl Heisenberg (5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976) was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics.
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In Taiwan, the White Terror was the suppression of political dissidents following the 228 Incident.
A whodunit or whodunnit (for "Who done it?" or "Who did it?") is a complex, plot-driven variety of the detective story in which the audience is given the opportunity to engage in the same process of deduction as the protagonist throughout the investigation of a crime.
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Sir William Henry Bragg OM, KBE, PRS (2 July 1862 – 12 March 1942) was a British physicist, chemist, mathematician and active sportsman who uniquelyThis is still a unique accomplishment, because no other parent-child combination has yet shared a Nobel Prize (in any field).
Sir William Lawrence Bragg (31 March 1890 – 1 July 1971) was an Australian-born British physicist and X-ray crystallographer, discoverer (1912) of the Bragg law of X-ray diffraction, which is basic for the determination of crystal structure.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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Zhejiang Institute of Modern Physics (Traditional Chinese: 浙江大學近代物理中心, Simplified Chinese: 浙江近代物理中心) is a research center for theoretical physics.
Zhejiang University (ZJU, also known as Che Kiang University), sometimes referred to as Zheda, is a national university in China. Founded in 1897, Zhejiang University is one of China's oldest and most prestigious institutions of higher education. It is a member of the C9 League, the Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance and the Association of Pacific Rim Universities. The university campus is located in the city of Hangzhou, approximately southwest of Shanghai. Zhejiang University Library's collection contains about 7 million volumes, making it one of China's largest academic libraries.