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Two Chinas

The term Two Chinas refers to the situation where two political entities each name themselves "China". [1]

73 relations: Beijing, Beiyang government, Chen Shui-bian, Chiang Kai-shek, China, China and the United Nations, Chinese Civil War, Chinese Soviet Republic, Chinese Taipei, Chinese Unification, Communist Party of China, Democracy, Desinicization, Diplomacy, Eastern Bloc, Exclusive mandate, Executive Yuan, Freedom of speech, Fujian, Fujian People's Government, Geography of Taiwan, Government of the Republic of China, History of China, Hong Kong, Jin dynasty (1115–1234), Korean War, Kuomintang, Lee Teng-hui, Liao dynasty, List of islands of Taiwan, Ma Ying-jeou, Macau, Mainland China, Manchu people, Manchukuo, Mao Zedong, Ming dynasty, Nanjing, Non-Aligned Movement, Olympic Games, One Country on Each Side, One-China policy, Political status of Taiwan, President of the Republic of China, Provisional Government of the Republic of China (1912), Puyi, Qing dynasty, Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China, Republic of China (1912–49), Rhetoric, ..., Second Sino-Japanese War, Song dynasty, Southern Ming, Sovereignty, Special administrative region, Special non-state-to-state relations, Succession of states, Sun Yat-sen, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan independence movement, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758, United States, Wang Jingwei, Warlord Era, Western Xia, Wuchang Uprising, Xinhai Revolution, Yuan Shikai, 1992 Consensus. Expand index (23 more) »

Beijing

Beijing, formerly Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world.

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Beiyang government

The Beiyang government (北洋政府), also sometimes spelled Peiyang government, refers to the government of the Republic of China, which was in place in the capital city Beijing from 1912 to 1928.

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Chen Shui-bian

Chen Shui-bian (born October 12, 1950) is a retired Taiwanese politician and lawyer who served as President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 2000 to 2008.

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Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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China and the United Nations

China is a charter member of the United Nations and one of five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council after being on the winning side following World War Two.

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Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between forces loyal to the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China, and forces loyal to the Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Chinese Soviet Republic

The Chinese Soviet Republic (CSR), also known as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, is often referred to in historical sources as the Jiangxi Soviet (after its largest component territory, the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet).

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Chinese Taipei

Chinese Taipei is the name agreed upon in the Nagoya Resolution whereby the Republic of China (ROC) and the People's Republic of China recognize each other when it comes to the activities of the International Olympic Committee and has been used by the ROC as the basis when participating in various international organizations and events, including the Olympics, Miss Universe, Paralympics, Asian Games, Asian Para Games, Universiade, World Baseball Classic, Little League World Series, and FIFA World Cup.

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Chinese Unification

Unification of China, Chinese unification, or Cross-Strait (Re)unification, refers to the potential political unification of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC), into a single sovereign state.

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Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Democracy

Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...

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Desinicization

Desinicization (Yale: heui jūng gwok fa, de + sinicization) is the elimination of Chinese influence.

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Diplomacy

Diplomacy (from the Greek δίπλωμα, meaning making a deal with other countries) is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.

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Eastern Bloc

Eastern Bloc was the name used by NATO-affiliated countries for the former communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.

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Exclusive mandate

An exclusive mandate is a government's assertion of its legitimate authority over a certain territory, part of which another government controls with stable, de facto sovereignty.

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Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan (EY) of the Republic of China is the executive branch of the Government of Taiwan (ROC).

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Freedom of speech

Freedom of speech is the right to communicate one's opinions and ideas without fear of government retaliation or censorship.

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Fujian

Fujian, formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, or Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.

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Fujian People's Government

The People's Revolutionary Government of the Republic of China (1933–1934), also known as the Fujian People's Government (Chinese: 福建人民革命政府; pinyin: Fújiàn Rénmín Zhèngfǔ), was a short-lived anti-Kuomintang government in the Republic of China's Fujian Province.

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Geography of Taiwan

Taiwan (historically called Formosa, from Portuguese: Ilha Formosa, "Beautiful Island") is an island in East Asia; it is located some off the southeastern coast of China across the Taiwan Strait.

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Government of the Republic of China

The Government of the Republic of China was formally established in 1912 in Nanking, with Sun Yat-sen as President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of China under the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.

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History of China

Written records of the history of China can be found from as early as 1200 BC under the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC).

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong, traditionally Hongkong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.

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Jin dynasty (1115–1234)

The Jin dynasty (Jurchen: Anchun Gurun); Manchu: Aisin Gurun; Khitan language: Nik, Niku; Altan Ulus; 1115–1234), officially the Great Jin, also known as the Jurchen dynasty, was founded by the Wanyan clan of the Jurchen people, the ancestors of the Manchu people who established the Qing dynasty some 500 years later. The name is sometimes written as Kin to differentiate it from an earlier Jìn dynasty of China whose name is identically spelled using the Latin alphabet. The Jurchen tribes were united by the chieftain and later first Jin emperor, Wanyan Aguda, who overthrew the Khitan Liao dynasty. During the reign of Aguda's successor, the Jin declared war against the Song dynasty and conquered much of northern China. The Song were forced to flee south of Yangtze River. The Jin dynasty fell after their defeat against the rising Mongol Empire, a steppe confederation that had formerly been a Jurchen vassal.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean Hangul: 한국전쟁, Hanja: 韓國戰爭, Hanguk Jeonjaeng, "Korean War"; in North Korean Chosungul: 조국해방전쟁, Joguk Haebang Jeonjaeng, "Fatherland Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.

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Kuomintang

The Kuomintang of China (or; KMT), or sometimes spelled as Guomindang (GMD) by its Pinyin transliteration, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC).

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Lee Teng-hui

Lee Teng-hui (born 15 January 1923), sometimes called the "father of Taiwan's democracy", is a Taiwanese politician.

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Liao dynasty

The Liao dynasty (Khitan: Mos Jælud), officially the Great Liao, also known as the Khitan Empire (Khitan: Mos diau-d kitai huldʒi gur), was an empire in East Asia that ruled over Mongolia and portions of the Russian Far East, northern Korea, and northern China proper from 907 to 1125.

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List of islands of Taiwan

This is a list of islands under the administration of the Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, classified into various island groups.

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Ma Ying-jeou

Ma Ying-jeou (born 13 July 1950) is a Taiwanese politician who is the current President of the Republic of China (ROC).

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Macau

Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge; A-Ma Temple; Guia Fortress; Macau Tower. Macau (Au4mun2), also spelled Macao, officially known as the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is one of the special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China.

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Mainland China

Mainland China, Chinese mainland or simply the mainland, is a geographical and political term to describe the geopolitical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Manchu people

The Manchu are a Chinese ethnic minority and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.

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Manchukuo

Manchukuo was a puppet state in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia, which was governed under a form of constitutional monarchy.

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Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tung and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he governed as Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty, or the Great Ming, also called the Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Nanjing

Nanjing ("Southern Capital") is the capital of Jiangsu province and the second largest city in eastern China (after Shanghai), with a total population of 8.16 million and a urban population of 6.55 million in 2013.

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Non-Aligned Movement

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states which are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

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Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting event featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

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One Country on Each Side

One Country on Each Side (pinyin: yī biān yī guó) is a concept originated by Chen Shui-bian, the former President of the Republic of China (2000-2008), regarding the political status of Taiwan.

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One-China policy

The One-China policy (simplified Chinese: 一个中国政策; traditional Chinese: 一個中國政策; pinyin: yī gè Zhōngguó zhèngcè) refers to the policy or view that there is only one state called "China", despite the existence of two governments that claim to be "China".

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Political status of Taiwan

The political status of Taiwan (or the "Taiwan Issue" as referred to by the People's Republic of China, or Mainland Issue or Taiwan Strait Issue as referred to by the Taiwan side) hinges on whether Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu should remain effectively independent as territory of the Republic of China (ROC); become unified with the territories now governed by the People's Republic of China (PRC) under the government of the People's Republic of China; formally declare independence and become the Republic of Taiwan; as well as whether the existence and legal status as a state ("country") of both the Republic of China (ROC) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) is legitimate as a matter of international law, and how much diplomatic recognition either entity receives from the international community.

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President of the Republic of China

The President of the Republic of China is the head of state of the Republic of China and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China Armed Forces, now commonly known as Taiwan.

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Provisional Government of the Republic of China (1912)

The Provisional Government of the Republic of China (中華民國臨時政府, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Línshí Zhèngfǔ) was a provisional government established during the Xinhai Revolution by the revolutionaries in 1912.

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Puyi

Puyi (7 February 1906 – 17 October 1967), of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, commonly known as Henry Pu Yi (Pu-yi), was the last Emperor of China and the twelfth and final ruler of the Qing dynasty.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, also called the Empire of the Great Qing, or the Manchu dynasty, was the last imperial dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917.

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Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China

The Reorganized National Government was the name of the collaborationist government established in the Republic of China from 1940-1945.

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Republic of China (1912–49)

The Republic of China governed the present-day territories of China, Mongolia and Taiwan at differing times between 1912 and 1949.

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Rhetoric

Rhetoric (pronounced) is the art of discourse, an art that aims to improve the capability of writers or speakers to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945), so named due to the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95, was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1945.

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Song dynasty

The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.

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Southern Ming

The southern Ming was a loyalist movement that was active in southern China following the Ming dynasty's collapse in 1644.

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Sovereignty

Sovereignty is understood in jurisprudence as the full right and power of a governing body to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies.

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Special administrative region

The Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China (SAR; RAE) are autonomous territories that fall within the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China, yet do not form part of Mainland China (except for Wolong SAR).

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Special non-state-to-state relations

Special non-state-to-state relations is a term used by Ma Ying-jeou, the President of the Republic of China (often called "Taiwan"), to describe the nature of relations between the Taiwan Area and the Mainland China Area.

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Succession of states

Succession of states is a theory and practice in international relations regarding the recognition and acceptance of a newly created sovereign state by other states, based on a perceived historical relationship the new state has with a prior state.

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Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925)Singtao daily.

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Taipei

Taipei (literally means "North of Tai(wan)"), officially known as Taipei City, is the capital city and a special municipality of Taiwan.

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Taiwan

Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Taiwan independence movement

Taiwan Independence movement is a political movement whose goals are primarily to formally establish the Republic of Taiwan or the State of Taiwan by renaming the Republic of China (ROC) (commonly known as Taiwan), strengthening Taiwanese identity, rejecting unification and One country, two systems with the People's Republic of China (PRC) (commonly known as China) and removing a politically Chinese identity, and obtain international recognition as a sovereign state by referring to Article 11, Article 12, Article 32 and Article 35 of the UN Charter based on the international rule of law of The Spirit of the Laws.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA, GA, or, from the Assemblée Générale, "AG") is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation.

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United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758

The United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758 was passed in response to the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1668 that required any change in China's representation in the UN be determined by a two-thirds vote referring to Article 18 of the UN Charter.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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Wang Jingwei

Wang Jingwei (Wang Ching-wei; 4 May 1883 – 10 November 1944); born as Wang Zhaoming (Wang Chao-ming), but widely known by his pen name "Jingwei", was a Chinese politician.

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Warlord Era

The Warlord Era (19161928) was a period in the history of the Republic of China when the control of the country was divided among its military cliques in the mainland regions of Sichuan, Shanxi, Qinghai, Ningxia, Guangdong, Guangxi, Gansu, Yunnan and Xinjiang.

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Western Xia

The Western Xia, also known as the Tangut Empire and to the Tangut people and the Tibetans as Minyak,Stein (1972), pp.

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Wuchang Uprising

The Wuchang Uprising was the Chinese uprising that served as the catalyst to the Xinhai Revolution, ending the Qing Dynasty -- and two millennia of imperial rule -- and ushering in the Republic of China (ROC).

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Xinhai Revolution

The Xinhai Revolution, or the Hsin-hai Revolution, also known as the Revolution of 1911, or the Chinese Revolution, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty), and established the Republic of China (ROC).

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Yuan Shikai

Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese general, politician and "emperor", famous for his influence during the late Qing Dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor.

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1992 Consensus

The "1992 Consensus" or "Consensus of 1992" is a political term referring to the outcome of a meeting in 1992 between the semi-official representatives of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in mainland China and the Republic of China (ROC) in Taiwan.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_Chinas

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