Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Install
Faster access than browser!
And Ads-free!

Uyghur Khaganate

The Uyghur Khaganate (or Uyghur Empire or Uighur Khaganate or Toquz Oghuz Country) (Уйгурын хаант улс, Tang era names, with modern Hanyu Pinyin: or) was a Turkic empire that existed for about a century between the mid 8th and 9th centuries. [1]

72 relations: Altai Mountains, Ambassador, An Lushan, An Lushan Rebellion, Artux, Astana, Basmyl, Baurchuk Art Tekin, Bayanchur Khan, Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves, Buddhism, Central Asia, Chang'an, Chigils, China, Emperor Daizong of Tang, Emperor Dezong of Tang, Emperor Suzong of Tang, Ethnic groups in Chinese history, Gansu, Gansu Uyghur Kingdom, Gaochang, Göktürks, Genghis Khan, Gobi Desert, Guazhou County, Guo Ziyi, Han Chinese, Historic states represented in Turkish presidential seal, Iran, Jimsar County, Kara-Khanid Khanate, Karakorum, Karluks, Kashgar, Khagan, Kingdom of Qocho, Kutlug I Bilge Kagan, Luoyang, Mahmud al-Kashgari, Manichaeism, Mongol Empire, Mongolia, Mongoloid, New Book of Tang, Old Book of Tang, Old Turkic language, Old Uyghur alphabet, Ordos Desert, Ordu-Baliq, ..., Otukan, Selenga River, Shaanxi, Shatuo, Shi Chaoyi, Shiwei, Silk Road, Sogdia, Sultan Satuq Bughra Khan, Tang dynasty, Tangut people, Tibetan Empire, Toquz Oghuz, Turgesh, Turkestan, Turkic peoples, Turpan, Uyghurs, Xiongnu, Yabgu, Yagma, Yenisei Kirghiz. Expand index (22 more) »

Altai Mountains

The Altai Mountains (Altay Mountains) are a mountain range in Central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and are where the rivers Irtysh and Ob have their headwaters.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Altai Mountains · See more »

Ambassador

An ambassador is an official envoy, especially a highest ranking diplomat who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state, or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Ambassador · See more »

An Lushan

An Lushan (703– 29 January 757) was a general who launched a devastating rebellion against the Tang dynasty in China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and An Lushan · See more »

An Lushan Rebellion

The An Lushan Rebellion was a devastating rebellion against the Tang dynasty of China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and An Lushan Rebellion · See more »

Artux

Artux, Atush or Atushi (Kyrgyz: ارتىش Артыш) is a county-level city in Xinjiang.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Artux · See more »

Astana

Astana (Астана) is the capital of Kazakhstan.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Astana · See more »

Basmyl

The Basmyls (Basmyl; Basmals, Basmils, Old Turkic:, Basmïl) were a 7th–8th century nomadic tribe who mostly inhabited the Dzungaria region in the northwest of modern day China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Basmyl · See more »

Baurchuk Art Tekin

Baurchuk Art Tekin (known also as Idikut Baurchuk, Idikut Barchuq) was a ruler, with a title of Idikut, of the Buddhist Uyghur Kara-Khoja Kingdom (856-1389) in Beshbalik (near present-day Urumqi), Kara-Khoja (near present-day Turpan, known also as Idikut-Shahri) and Kumul between 1208 and 1235.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Baurchuk Art Tekin · See more »

Bayanchur Khan

Bayanchur Khan (known also as Moyanchur Khan),E.g., Bo Yang Edition of the Zizhi Tongjian, vol.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Bayanchur Khan · See more »

Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves

The Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves is a complex of Buddhist cave grottos dating from the 5th to 14th century between the cities of Turpan and Shanshan (Loulan) at the north-east of the Taklamakan Desert near the ancient ruins of Gaochang in the Mutou Valley, a gorge in the Flaming Mountains, China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves · See more »

Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Buddhism · See more »

Central Asia

Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Central Asia · See more »

Chang'an

Chang'an is an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Chang'an · See more »

Chigils

The Chigil (Chihil, and also Jigil, Djikil, Chiyal) were a Turkic tribe known from the 7th century CE as living around Issyk Kul lake area.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Chigils · See more »

China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and China · See more »

Emperor Daizong of Tang

Emperor Daizong of Tang (唐代宗) (9 January 727http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Emperor Daizong of Tang · See more »

Emperor Dezong of Tang

Emperor Dezong of Tang (唐德宗) (May 27, 742 – February 25, 805), personal name Li Kuo (李适), was an emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty and the oldest son of his father Emperor Daizong.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Emperor Dezong of Tang · See more »

Emperor Suzong of Tang

Emperor Suzong of Tang (唐肅宗; February 21, 711 – May 16, 762; r. 756 – 762), personal name Li Heng (李亨), né Li Sisheng (李嗣升), known as Li Jun (李浚) from 725 to 736, known as Li Yu (李璵) from 736 to 738, known briefly as Li Shao (李紹) in 738, was an emperor of the Tang Dynasty and the son of Emperor Xuanzong.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Emperor Suzong of Tang · See more »

Ethnic groups in Chinese history

Ethnic groups in Chinese history refer to various or presumed ethnicities of significance to the history of China, gathered through the study of Classical Chinese literature, Chinese and non-Chinese literary sources and inscriptions, historical linguistics, and archaeological research.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Ethnic groups in Chinese history · See more »

Gansu

Gansu is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Gansu · See more »

Gansu Uyghur Kingdom

The Gansu Uyghur Kingdom was established around 848, by the Uyghurs after the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate in 840.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Gansu Uyghur Kingdom · See more »

Gaochang

Gaochang, also called Qara-hoja or Kara-Khoja (قاراغوجا in Uyghur), is the site of an ancient oasis city built on the northern rim of the inhospitable Taklamakan Desert in Xinjiang, China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Gaochang · See more »

Göktürks

The Türks or the Kök Türks (Old Turkic:, Khotanese Saka Ttūrka, Ttrūka, Old Tibetan Drugu) and sometimes as its Anatolian Turkish form Göktürks (Celestial or Blue Turks), were a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples in medieval Inner Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Göktürks · See more »

Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan (often pronounced;; c. 1162 18 August 1227), born Temüjin, was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Genghis Khan · See more »

Gobi Desert

The Gobi (Говь,, "semidesert") is a large desert region in Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Gobi Desert · See more »

Guazhou County

Guazhou County, formerly (until 2006) Anxi County (安西县), is an administrative district in Gansu, the People's Republic of China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Guazhou County · See more »

Guo Ziyi

Guo Ziyi (Kuo Tzu-i; Traditional Chinese: 郭子儀, Simplified Chinese: 郭子仪, Hanyu Pinyin: Guō Zǐyí, Wade-Giles: Kuo1 Tzu3-i2) (697 – July 9, 781), formally Prince Zhōngwǔ of Fényáng (汾陽忠武王), was a general during the Tang Dynasty who ended the An Shi Rebellion, and participated in expeditions against the peoples of Huihe (the Uyghur Khaganate) and Tubo (the Tibetan Empire).

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Guo Ziyi · See more »

Han Chinese

No description.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Han Chinese · See more »

Historic states represented in Turkish presidential seal

16 Great Turkish EmpiresNecdet Evliyagil, Sami Güner, Basın-Yayın Genel Müdürlüğü, Ajans-Türk, Türkiye: Cumhuriyetin 50.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Historic states represented in Turkish presidential seal · See more »

Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Iran · See more »

Jimsar County

Jimsar County (Xiao'erjing: کِمُوسَاعَر ﺷِﯿًﺎ) is a county in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Jimsar County · See more »

Kara-Khanid Khanate

The Kara-Khanid Khanate (قَراخانيان, Qarākhānīyān or, Khakānīya,, 桃花石) was a Turkic dynasty that ruled in Transoxania in Central Asia, ruled by a dynasty known in literature as the Karakhanids (also spelt Qarakhanids) or Ilek Khanids.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Kara-Khanid Khanate · See more »

Karakorum

Karakorum (Classical Mongolian: Qara Qorum, Khalkha Mongolian: Хархорум Kharkhorum) was the capital of the Mongol Empire between 1235 and 1260, and of the Northern Yuan in the 14–15th centuries.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Karakorum · See more »

Karluks

The Karluks (also Qarluqs, Qarluks, Karluqs, Old Turkic:, Qarluq, Persian: خَلُّخ (Khallokh), Arabic قارلوق "Qarluq") were a prominent nomadic Turkic tribal confederacy residing in the regions of Kara-Irtysh (Black Irtysh) and the Tarbagatai Mountains west of the Altay Mountains in Central Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Karluks · See more »

Kashgar

Kashgar (known in Chinese as Kashi) is an oasis city with an approximate population of 350,000.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Kashgar · See more »

Khagan

Kha Khan or Khagan or Qagan (хаан, Khaan) is a title in the Mongolian language equal to the status of emperor and used to refer to someone who rules a khaganate or empire.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Khagan · See more »

Kingdom of Qocho

The Kingdom of Qocho, (Mongolian Uihur "id.") also called the Idiqut state ("Holy Wealth, Glory"), was a Uyghur state created during 856–866 and based in Qocho (modern Gaochang, also called Qara-Khoja, near modern Turpan); Jimsar County; Hami City; and Kucha.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Kingdom of Qocho · See more »

Kutlug I Bilge Kagan

Kutlug I Bilge Peilo Kagan, also known by his throne name Qutlugh Bilge Köl Kaghan (骨咄禄毗伽阙可汗, gudulupigaquekehan), and in Chinese sources the personal name of Guli Peiluo (骨力裴罗, or Ku-li p'ei-lo), was the Kaghan of Uyghur Khaganate, the successor state of the Turkic Khaganate.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Kutlug I Bilge Kagan · See more »

Luoyang

Luoyang is a prefecture-level city in western Henan province of Central China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Luoyang · See more »

Mahmud al-Kashgari

Mahmud ibn Hussayn ibn Muhammed al-Kashgari (محمود بن الحسين بن محمد الكاشغري - Maḥmūd ibnu 'l-Ḥussayn ibn Muḥammad al-Kāšġarī; Mahmûd bin Hüseyin bin Muhammed El Kaşgari, Kaşgarlı Mahmûd; مەھمۇد قەشقىرى) was an 11th-century Turkic scholar and lexicographer of Turkic languages from Kashgar.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Mahmud al-Kashgari · See more »

Manichaeism

Manichaeism (in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin e Māni) was a major religion that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes; 216–276 AD) in the Sasanian Empire.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Manichaeism · See more »

Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles), existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Mongol Empire · See more »

Mongolia

Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠤᠰ in Mongolian script; in Mongolian Cyrillic) is a landlocked country in east-central Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Mongolia · See more »

Mongoloid

Mongoloid is the general physical type of some or all of the populations of East Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Eastern Russia, the Arctic, the Americas, parts of the Pacific Islands, and parts of South Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Mongoloid · See more »

New Book of Tang

The New Book of Tang, generally translated as “New History of the Tang,” or “New Tang History,” is a work of official history covering the Tang dynasty in ten volumes and 225 chapters.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and New Book of Tang · See more »

Old Book of Tang

The Old Book of Tang, or simply the Book of Tang, is the first classic historical work about the Tang dynasty, comprising 200 chapters, and is one of the Twenty-Four Histories.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Old Book of Tang · See more »

Old Turkic language

Old Turkic (also East Old Turkic, Orkhon Turkic, Old Uyghur) is the earliest attested form of Turkic, found in Göktürk and Uyghur inscriptions dating from about the 7th century to the 13th century.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Old Turkic language · See more »

Old Uyghur alphabet

The Old Uyghur alphabet was used for writing the Old Uyghur language, a variety of Old Turkic spoken in Turfan that is an ancestor of the modern Yugur language.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Old Uyghur alphabet · See more »

Ordos Desert

The Ordos Desert, also known as the Mu Us Desert,Donovan Webster.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Ordos Desert · See more »

Ordu-Baliq

Ordu-Baliqalso spelled Ordu Balykh, Ordu Balik, Ordu-Baliq, Ordu Balig, Ordu Baligh (meaning "city of the court", "city of the army"), also known as Mubalik and Karabalghasun, was the capital of the first Uyghur Khaganate, built on the site of the former Göktürk imperial capital, 17 km north-to-northeast of the later Mongol capital, Karakorum.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Ordu-Baliq · See more »

Otukan

Ötüken (Old Turkic:, Ötüken yïš, "Mount Ötüken";, Ötüken jer, "Land of Ötüken"), is a legendary capital city in Turkic mythology and Tengrism.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Otukan · See more »

Selenga River

The Selenga River (Selenge River, Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ мөрөн, Selenge mörön; Сэлэнгэ гол, Selenge gol, Сэлэнгэ мүрэн, Selenge müren; Селенга́) is a major river in Mongolia and Buryatia, Russia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Selenga River · See more »

Shaanxi

Shaanxi (Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, officially part of the Northwest China region.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Shaanxi · See more »

Shatuo

The Shatuo (or, also: Shato, Sha-t'o, Sanskrit Sart) were a Turkic tribe that heavily influenced northern Chinese politics from the late ninth century through the tenth century.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Shatuo · See more »

Shi Chaoyi

Shi Chaoyi (史朝義) (died 763) was the final emperor of the Yan state that was established in rebellion against the Chinese Tang Dynasty.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Shi Chaoyi · See more »

Shiwei

Shiwei was an umbrella term of Mongols and Tungusic peoples that inhabited far-eastern Mongolia, northern Inner Mongolia, northern Manchuria and near the Okhotsk Sea beach and were recorded from the time of the Northern Wei (386-534) until the rise of the Mongols of Genghis Khan in 1206 when the name "Mongol" and "Tatar" were applied to all the Shiwei tribes.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Shiwei · See more »

Silk Road

The Silk Road or Silk Route is an ancient network of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East by merchants, pilgrims, monks, soldiers, nomads, and urban dwellers from China and India to the Mediterranean Sea during various periods of time.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Silk Road · See more »

Sogdia

Sogdiana or Sogdia (Suguda-) was the ancient civilization of an Iranian people and a province of the Achaemenid Empire, eighteenth in the list on the Behistun Inscription of Darius the Great (i. 16).

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Sogdia · See more »

Sultan Satuq Bughra Khan

Satuq Boghra Khan (سۇلتان سۇتۇق بۇغراخان (also spelled Satuk; died 955) was a Kara-Khanid Khan; in 934, he was one of the first Turkic rulers to convert to Islam, which prompted his Kara-Khanid subjects to convert. There are different historical accounts of the Satuq's life with some variations. Sources include Mulhaqāt al-Surāh (Supplement to the "Surah") by Jamal Qarshi (b. 1230/31) who quoted an earlier 11th-century text Tarikh-i Kashghar (History of Kashgar) by Abū-al-Futūh 'Abd al-Ghāfir ibn al-Husayn al-Alma'i, an account by Ottoman historian known as the Munajjimbashi, as well as a fragment of a manuscript in Chagatai, Tazkirah Bughra Khan (Memory of Bughra Khan).

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Sultan Satuq Bughra Khan · See more »

Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty, was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Tang dynasty · See more »

Tangut people

The Tangut, identified with the state of Western Xia, were Tibeto-Burman-speaking people who moved to Northwest China sometime before the 10th century.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Tangut people · See more »

Tibetan Empire

The Tibetan Empire ("Great Tibet") existed from the 7th to 9th centuries AD when Tibet was unified as a large and powerful empire, and ruled an area considerably larger than the Tibetan Plateau, stretching to parts of East Asia, Central Asia and South Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Tibetan Empire · See more »

Toquz Oghuz

Toquz Oghuz (Old Turkic:, Toquz Oγuz) was a political alliance of nine Turkic tribes.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Toquz Oghuz · See more »

Turgesh

The Türgesh, Turgish or Türgish (Old Turkic: Türügesh, 突騎施/突骑施, Pinyin: tūqíshī, Wade-Giles: t'u-ch'i-shih) were a Turkic tribal confederation who emerged from the ruins of the Western Turkic Kaganate.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Turgesh · See more »

Turkestan

Turkestan, also spelt as Turkistan, literally means "Land of the Turks".

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Turkestan · See more »

Turkic peoples

The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethnic groups that live in northern, eastern, central, and western Asia, northwestern China, and parts of eastern Europe.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Turkic peoples · See more »

Turpan

Turpan, also known as Turfan or Tulufan, is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Turpan · See more »

Uyghurs

The Uyghurs (Old Turkic) are a Turkic ethnic group living in Eastern and Central Asia.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Uyghurs · See more »

Xiongnu

The Xiongnu (Old Chinese: /qʰoŋ.naː/, Wade-Giles: Hsiung-nu), were a large confederation of Eurasian nomads who dominated the Asian Steppe from the late 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Xiongnu · See more »

Yabgu

Yabgu (Old Turkic:, yabγu, Traditional Chinese: 葉護, Simplified Chinese: 叶护, Jabgu, Djabgu, literally, "pioneer", "guide") was a state office in the early Turkic states, roughly equivalent to viceroy.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Yabgu · See more »

Yagma

The Yagmas, or Yaghmas, were a medieval tribe of Turkic people that came to the forefront of history after the disintegration of the Western Turkic Kaganate.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Yagma · See more »

Yenisei Kirghiz

The Yenisei Kyrgyz, also known as the Khyagas or Khakas, were an ancient Turkic people that dwelled along the upper Yenisei River in the southern portion of the Minusinsk Depression from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE.

New!!: Uyghur Khaganate and Yenisei Kirghiz · See more »

Redirects here:

Culture of Uyghur Khanate, Huige, Huigu, Huihu, Orkhon Uyghur, Toquz Oghuz Country, Uighur Empire, Uighur Kaganate, Uighur Kaghanate, Uigur Kaganate, Uyghur Empire, Uyghur Kaganate.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyghur_Khaganate

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »